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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1916)
BERLIN OFFERS TO
ADJUST SEA POLICY
Abide by Existing International
Law if Allied Powers Will.
WILSON IN NO HURRY TO TELL PLAN
Administration Denies Rumor That
Americans Will Now Be Warned
To Stay Oft Armed Ships.
Washington, D. C Germany Thurs
day made a further explanation to the
United States of the position it has
taken in regard to armed merchant
vessels of the entente allies.
Count von Bernstorff handed Secre
tary Lansing a formal memorandum,
which, after reviewing the events
leading up to German's recent decision
to treat armed merchant ships as aux
iliary cruisers, conceded that existing
international law does not regulate the
use of submarines, indicated a willing
ness to conduct undersea warfare in
accordance with the law prevailing at
the outbreak of the war, providing
Great Britain and her allies would re
gard the same laws, and expressed the
hope that the people of the United
States, remembering the long existing
friendly relations between the two na
tions, would appreciate the German
The memorandum was submitted to
President Wilson shortly after its re
ceipt. It would be considered, to
gether with other documents from the
German government, in determining
what shall be the next step of the
United States in the submarine nego
tiations. There was every indication
that the administration would be in no
hurry to announce a stand as to the
new policy of the central European
powers, or to pass finally on German's
latest proposal for settlement of the
From both the White House and the
State department there came, in the
course of the day, emphatic denials of
a rumor that the administration itself
intended to warn American citizens off
armed ships. At the State depart
ment it was explained that it was for
the citizens themselves who took pass
age on armed ships not entering Amer
ican waters to determine whether they
were boarding vessels armed defen
sively or offensively and the nature of
the instructions under which ship cap
tains would act in the presence of a
An offensively armed ship which en
ters American waters, it is said,
would be regarded as a war vessel and
would not be allowed to remain in
more than 24 hours. In foreign wa
ters, however, it is no concern of this
government how ships are armed.
OUT; RETURN AGAIN
London A German fleet consisting
of at least 50 big warships, followed
by a large gray-painted armored traw
ler fleet, two big Zeppelins and num
erous submarines was sighted Monday
in the North Sea off Terschelling Is
land, North Holland, according to the
report of a steam trawler which has
arrived at Ymuiden, says Reuter's
Amsterdam correspondent. The fleet
was proceeding westward.
The correspondent adds that on Mon
day morning five large cruisers of un
known nationality passed Ymuiden at
Reuter's . Ymuiden correspondent,
telegraphing under date of Wednesday,
says that the fleet returned to its base
on that day.
"A Dutch trawler which was
searched by one of the warships," the
correspondent adds, "reports that
many of the vessels had a peculiar ap
pearance. Those carrying several fun
nels had their sternmost funnels paint
ed yellow or covered with yellow cloth,
while the other funnels were gray."
40,000 Armenians Gone.
London The Russians found Thurs
day only 16 Armenians alive in Erze
rum out of the usual Armenian popula
tion of 40,000, according to informa
tion received in Petrograd and for
warded by Reuter's correspondent in
the Russian capital.
"The Turkish inhabitants of Erze
rum, " the correspondent adds, "said
that a few days before the capture of
the fortress by the Russians all the
Armenians in the town were driven
out in a westerly direction, where the
Kurds massacred them all."
Chelan County Excluded.
Washington, D. C A large area in
Chelan county, Washington, along
both sides of the Entiat river, is ex
cluded from the Chelan National For
est under an executive proclamation
made public Thursday. This opens to
entry about 3797 acres, which will be
held for settlement under the home
stead laws from May 4 to May 31, and
which, after the latter date, will be
subject to disposition under any appli
cable public land law.
IRRIGATION AND CREDITS
CONFERENCE ENDS AT SALEM
State Capitol, Salem Another ses
sion of the state credits conference
doubtloss will be called within the
next few months to adopt the form in
which the proposed constitutional
amendments indorsed by the conven
tion, which closed here Saturday,
shall be submitted to the people.
Meanwhile two committees will
work in conjunction with the attorney
general on the drafts of the proposed
measures that are to place the pro
posed amendments in operation.
If a majority of the committeemen
determines that their work should be
reviewed by the whole conference be
fore it goes before the people, the con
ference will be called together again.
When the meeting adjourned a ma
jority of the delegates Beemed to ex
pect a future meeting.
Since the convention now has deter
mined that it wants two separate
measures one providing a system of
rural credits and the other providing
state aid for irrigation and drainage
the committees have their work defl
mtely outlined for them, and the rest
of the delegates are hopeful that har
mony at a future meeting will replace
the friction that was so apparent in
the sessions of the last few days, car
rying both issues to a successful con
elusion at the polls.
The convention, so far as carrying
out the purposes for which it was
called together, virtually concluded its
work Friday night. By remaining in
session until clock in the morning
the resolutions expressing the policy
of the conference finally were adopted.
The session was devoted to the de
tail of creating two committees that
shall have charge of the preliminary
legislative work. It also was intended
as sort of a harmony meeting, but
there was harmony only in the seem
ing attempt of both factions to drift
So the belief is pretty general that,
after an interim of a few months, the
delegates will have had time to forget
their minor differences and that they
will be ready to unite in their deter
mination to conduct an aggressive and
co-operative effort to enact the pro
posed amendments into law.
Summarized, the work of the con
vention is about as follows:
An amendment to the constitution
enabing the state to lend its credit to
a rural credits system was proposed.
An amendment to the constitution
enabling the state to use itB credit for
irrigation and drainage was proposed.
The bondB to be sold under either or
both of these plans are not to exceed
in the aggregate 2 per cent of the
assessed valuation of the state.
A committee consisting of J. D.
Brown, president of the Farmers'
Union; C. E. Spence, master of the
State Grange, and T. H. Burchard,
president of the State Federation of
Labor, was appointed to work with the
attorney general in drafting the pro
posed constitutional amendment for
the rural credits plan.
A. L. Mills, chairman of the conven
tion, was authorized to appoint a com
mittee of three members one drain
age man and two irrigation men to
work with the attorney general in
drafting the proposed constitutional
amendment for state aid to irrigation
The committees also will have pow
er to draft the proposed initiative
measures that will carry the proposed
amendments into effect, and to call
another convention if necessary.
"So far as possible" the committees
are authorized to co-operate.
The convention closed as it had pro
ceeded from the start divided de
cisively on one issue, that of linking
rural credits with state aid.
The delegates from the State
Grange, the Farmers' Union, the Ag
ricultural College, the State Univer
sity and many from Western Oregon
were firmly united in their determina
tion not to permit the state aid plan
to be linked with the rural credits
plan. They were proponents of rural
credits but did not want to "swallow"'
irrigation in order to get it.
They were championed on the floor
of the convention by Thomas B. Kay,
state treasurer, and at some stages of
the voting had the delegates from the
State Federation of Labor with them.
They had an abundance of oratorical,
talent besides the state treasurer, not
ably Judge W. M. Colvig, preresent
ing the Southern Pacific; Senator S.
M. Garland, of Lebanon; W. H. H.
Dufur, of the Grange; A. R.Shumway,
of the Farmers' Union; E. J. Stack,
of the Labor Federation, and others.
Governor Withycombe voted with
them when he was in the house.
On the other hand, the irrigationists
and most of the drainage people, to
gether with a large proportion of the
Portland delegation, stuck together in
support of the plan to combine the
This division was plain throughout
the meetings. One break came when
Mr. Stack, of the Labor Federation,
joined with Asa B. Thomson, Oswald
West and W. Lair Thompson in sign
ing the original majority report of the
resolutions committee providing for a
combination of the three measures.
Mr. Stack explained that he did this
to permit this plan to come before the
convention on its merits. On subse
quent ballots he voted with the faction
supporting the separation of'.isaues.
When the morning's meeting tried
to organize a committee to draft the
proposed legislation, Senator I. N.
Day, C. C. Chapman and others of
those who had supported the omnibus
plan proposed a single committee "in
the interests of harmony."
But the other side objected even to
this. They even went farther and in
sisted on naming their own committee
to draw the rural credits bill
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS;
UkllblUlta VltVI VWIIVIIIVHV )
Portland Wheat Bluestem, $1.01 ;
forty fold, 94c; club, 02c; red fife,
92c; Russian, 92c.
Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, 1S.50
19.60; valley timothy, $16; alfalfa,
Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $23tf
23.50 per ton; shorts, $25.50 (& 26;
rolled barley, $31.5032.50,
Corn Whole, $37 per ton; cracked,
Vegetables Artichokes, 85c$l per
dozen; tomatoes, $44.60 per crate;
cabbage, $1.60(2.60 hundred; garlic,
10c pound; peppers, 20 (tit 25c; egg
plant, 25c; sprouts, 8(ii9c; horserad
ish, 8Jc; cauliflower, $22.25; celery,
$4.60 per crate; lettuce, $2.503.25
per crate; cucumbers, $1.25 1.60;
hothouse lettuce, 75cCu)$l box; spinach,
90c(g1$l; asparagus, 2025 per pound ;
rhubarb, 1214c pound.
Potatoes Oregon, $1.25 1.60;
Yakima, $1.40. 160 per sack; sweets,
$3.253.60 per hundred. '
Onions Oregon, buying prices, $2
f. o. b. shipping point.
Apples Spitzenbergs, extra fancy,
$2.25; fancy, $2; choice, $1.251.60;
Yellow Newtonws, extra fancy, $2;
fancy, $1.76; choice, $1.351.60;
Rome Beauty, fancy, $1.60 1.60;
Winesaps, choice, $1.15(5)1.35; Stay
man, choice, $1.251.85.
Eggs Jobbing prices: Oregon
ranch, candled, 20c per dozen; un
Poultry Hens, 1617c; springs.
17c; stags, 12c; turkeys, live, 19
21c; turkeys, dressed, choice, 2425c;
ducks, 1316c; geese, 10c.
Butter Prices from wholesaler to
retailer: Portland city creamery
prints, 60-pound case lots, standard
grades, 32Jc; lower grades, 30c; Ore
gon country creamery prints, 60-pound
case lots, standard makes, , 8131Jc;
lower grades, 29J30c; butter packed
in cubes, 2c less. Prices paid by job
bers to producers: Cubes, extras, 28
28Jc; firsts, 26J27c; dairy butter,
1418c; butter fat, No. 31c; No. 2,
Veal Fancy, lllllc pound.
Pork Fancy, 10c pound.
Hops 1915 crop, 1013c pound;
1916 contracts, ll12c.
Wool Eastern Oregon, 20 30c;
valley, 2728c; mohair, Oregon, 28
Cascara bark Old and new, 4c
Cattle Prime steers, $7 7.90;
choice, $6.606.75; good, $6.757;
medium, $6.60 6.75; choice cows,
$6.506.75; medium, $5.256; heif
ers, $46.40; bulls, $2.50(0,5; stags,
Hogs Light, $7.508.30; heavy,
Sheep Yearlings, $78; ewes, $6
7; lambs, $89.05.
Farmers of Northwest
Refuse to Sell Wheat
Reports from the Northwest wheat
markets are that it was impossible to
buy. The largest dealers did not ap
pear to be in the market, but there
was a fair demand from other quar
ters, but farmers could not be interest
ed to the point of selling. Bids were
unchanged at interior points, but on
the Portland exchange the prices
offered were 1 cent to 2 cents under
those of a few days ago, as a conse
quence of the easier trend at Chicago.
March promises to be an interesting
month in the Northwestern markets.
It is understood that a large quantity
of wheat has been soli) for shipment
to the East during the month, and
it is not believed the sales have been
covered to any great extent. With
farmers in a holding mood and likely
to continue so, full prices may have to
be bid to get the necessary supply.
March shipments are expected to equal
those of recent months. Unsold stocks
in the Northwest are variously esti
mated at from 15,000,000 to 20,000,
000 bushels. But little more wheat
will be bought to come this way,
aside from probably 2,500,00 to 3,000,
000 bushels that California will take,
and the remainder, if sold, will have
to go East. It will be a large quan
tity to move in the ordinary course of
trade. The prospects are that much
wheat will be carried over, perhaps
more than in any former year.
600 Horses and Mules Are Sold.
Caldwell, Idaho At a public auc
tion of horses and mules held at the
Union Stockyards here 600 animals
went under the hammer in four hours
and a half, averaging better than two
a minute, and established a selling
record for the Northwest. Bidding on
the offerings was spirited, the prices
ranging from $150 to $200 a head.
Manager Smeed estimates the sales at
$100,000. St. Louis, Omaha, Kansas
City, Seattle and Chicago men were
heavy purchasers. The Caldwell
Horse & Mule Co. still has 1500 head.
Egg Market Is Ruling Steady.
The Portland egg market was firm
with moderate receipts. The bulk of
business was reported at 18J cents,
with small lots bringing 19 cents.
Candled eggs jobbed at 20 cents.
Poultry is scarce and as the demand
is good, prices are on a firm basis. The
street is oversupplied with veal and
the price dropped with sales at 11
cents. No changes were reported in
the butter market.
The Real Thing.
"Your letters seem fervent enough,
but can I trust their apparent fervor?"
"You can. They hare been tested
In court I got 'em out of a breach-of-promlse
suit, and the plaintiff got
damages, too. Louisville Courier
The French liner Espagne, which may be one of the first victims of Germany's new announced policy of sinking
all enemy armed merchantmen. Americans booked to sail on the Espagne from New York received anonymous
letters warning them not to embark.
1 Is J
This view of Bergen, Norway's great fishing center and seaport, was taken after the recent conflagration which
destroyed a large part of the city. Thousands of persons were made homeless and the damage was estimated At
more than $20,000,000.
WITNESSED MASSACRES IN PERSIA
L . I v J r s I
Mr. and Mrs. Paul SLImmon, after a harrowing experience in Urumiah,
Persia, finally reached America by devious ways and are now co-operating
with the American committee for Armenian and Syrian relief. Mr. Shlmmon
Is an American citizen and a graduate of Columbia university. ' During the
massacres of the Christians in Urumiah by the Kurds and Turks, Mr. Shlm
mon, by advice of the American missionaries, fled to THHs, leaving Mrs,
Shlmmon under the protection of the American flag. She was an eyewitness
to the atrocities In Urumiah and the surrounding district. Her aunt and uncle
were shot and their bodies were burned. Her cousin, a young girl, refusing to
marry a Moslem, was made the victim of horrible abuse by the Kurds and
then her body was burned. Mr. summon returned with the Russians.
Thla photograph, taken during a review of the British Mounted Rifles at
Zatun, Egypt, shows, left to right, Gen. Sir Alexander Godley, Sir Henry
HacMohon and Sir John Maxwell, commander of the British forces In Egypt
WARNED TO AVOID
NORWAY, AFTER ITS GREAT FIRE
AT ZATUN, EGYPT
ARCHIE ROOSEVELT IN KHAKI
Archie Roosevelt, son of the former
president, is one of the leaders of the
organization of Harvard students for
military training. He is here seen in
BENEFIT IN "BROWN STUDY"
Concentration of Mental Energy Make
for the Production of One'a
"If the 'brown study' were mora
often cultivated many people would ba
happier, and more clear thinking would
be done," says the London Lancet. "It
is In such a state that truths dawn
suddenly and clearly upon the uncloud
ed Intelligence. It 1b in such a state
that mighty actions are conceived,
poems born at a stroke and mankind
enlightened through the enllghtmeut
of the individual.
"In this state of mind there Is such
a concentration of mental energy that
the body is Ignored. The mind, on the
other hand, is so working upon the
Bubject which concerns it, is so intent
upon its own affairs, that the externa)
world Is obliterated, and any bodily
discomfort that may have been pre
existing Is now negligible and unno
ticed." The Lancet says the relationship be
tween mental activity and the bodily
state Is not realized with sufficient fre
quency or with sufficient thoroughness
by the European of today. "The av
erage man Is too engrossed with hla
bodily pabulum and in caring for the
needs of the body he neglect! th
i needi of the mind."