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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1916)
OF CURRtNT WEEK
Brief Resume of General News
from Ml Around the Earth.
UNIVERSAL HAPPENINGS IN A NUTSHEU
Live News Items of All Nations and
Pacific Northwest Condensed
for Our Busy Readers.
Vice ' President Marshall celebrated
his 62nd birthday Tuesday, March 14.
The Germans again attack the forts
near Verdun with the hope of gaining
Michael Damphoffer, aged 101 years,
dies in the Home for the Aged at Van
The report that Germany has offered
to buy the Danish West Indies for
$20,000,000, is denied.
Villa and his followers have taken a
sudden twist eastward and are declared
to be seeking a new goal.
The Aero Club of America has of
fered services of men and machines to
aid the U. S. capture Villa.
General Carranza's army is gather
ing in Northern Mexico to aid the
United States in capturing Villa.
Two Mexican editors at Los Angeles
are held to trial accused of using the
U. S. mails to incite revolt and mur
der. Seven women prisoners in the jail at
San Francisco make their escape
through a vacant room and descend a
A New Jersey grand jury refused to
indict a woman who killed her husband
because he was beating her with a
Germany has requested Bulgaria to
send two divisions to the French front,
but owing to the attitude of Roumania
it is refused.
The government laboratory at Mad
ison, Wis., finds grain alcohol cheaper
than gasoline, and the director pre
dicts its general use as a substitute.
Manitoba, Canada, votes 2 to 1 for
prohibition. When the law goes into
effect May 31, 200 bars, 42 wholesale
houses and seven licensed clubs will go
out of business.
Senators Borah and Chamberlain
urge congress to act quickly on the
national defense program, declaring
same to be necessary, now that the
punitive expedition in Mexico may de
velop into serious proportions.
Keith E. Dalrymple, missing for
eight years and heir to $400,000, was
found ill in a Missouri hospital and
taken to his home in Pennsylvania to
claim his fortune. Proceedings to de
clare him legally dead have been drop
ped. General Alvaro Obregon has been
appointed minister of war of Mexico,
and General Candido Aguilar minister
of foreign affairs. Many foreigners
are leaving the city and there is an
undercurrent of excitement among all
Chow Chong, a 25-year-old Oriental,
was Bhot and killed in a Chinese room
ing house in Oakland, Cal. The po
lice think the murder was another
move in the tong war now being waged
in Pacific Coast cities.
The names of all persons arrested
for intoxication in Aberdeen, Wash.,
and the places where they obtained
their liquor hereafter will be published
by Chief of Police Schmidts, according
to an announcement made by him.
Dr. J. B. Lloyd, of the government
health service at Tacoma, Wash., who
is supervising the campaign of rat
catching in that city on an extensive
scale, , says tests are now being made
from rats caught during the past week
as to evidence of bubonic plague.
While crossing Birch lake, 18 miles
east of Mesaba, Minn., William C. Taft
was attacked by seven timber wolves.
With a pocket knife as his only
weapon Mr. Taft killed two of the
animals and was himself severely
scratched before two companions with
rifles came to his assistance and drove
off the wolves.
Failure of the machine guns to work
at the crucial time when most needed
at the beginning of the fighting be
tween the Villa bandits and the Thir
teenth Cavalry at Columbus, N. M is
the reason given for the escape of the
Villa band and also for the relatively
small loss among them, according to
Private Thomas Barton, of the Hos
A $30,000 contribution to the na
tional treasury'! conscience fund, the
largest ever received, came by mail in
a registered package from New York,.
With the temperature 15 degrees
below zero and a heavy wind blowing,
the Western Mesaba range in Minne
sota Is in the grip of the second severe
blizzard within a week.
The National Housewives' League
has declared a "boycott" on sugar and
sent out communications to all branch
leagues, as well as to other women's
societies, urging co-operation in the
SENATORS URGE IMMEDIATE ACTION
ON NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS PLANS
Washington, D. C. Danger of
grave complications growing out of
the sending of American troops into
Mexico to hunt down Villa and his
bandits, was voiced in the senate
Tuesday by Senator Chamberlain,
chairman of the military committee,
and Senator Borah, Republican, in ad
vocating laying aside temporarily all
the other legislation to dispose
promptly of preparedness measures.
Their statements precipitated a gen
eral discussion, in which Senators
Vardaman and Simmons deprecated
suggestions that the United States was
not prepared to deal with any situa
tion that might arise with Mexico.
While the senate debate was in
progress Speaker Clark and Majority
Leader Kitchin were reporting to their
colleagues of the house on a conference
early in the day with President Wil
son, who urged them to speed up the
William Jacobus Is a speolaliat In
junk and has saved the government
millions of dollars by showing It how
to dispose of scrap metal.
legislative program with a view to
action on all important measures in
time for adjournment in June. The
house leaders agreed that it would be
impossible to accomplish the task
ahead in so short a time, although
steps will be taken to hurry on with
the work as rapidly as possible.
Demands for immediate action on
the part of preparedness bills were
made in the senate when the matter of
taking up the public lands, waterpower
and rural credit legislation was
broached. Senator Chamberlain de
clared he would not be surprised if, as
a result of the punitive expedition into
Mexico, General Villa were proclaimed
a national hero and 50,000 Mexican
troops rallied to-his standard to resist
Senator Borah, who has been one of
the most persistent critics of the ad
ministration's Mexican policy up to
this time, gave complete indorsement
to the President's action, but warned
congress to prepare for war,1 declaring
that no man knew what consequences
might follow the invasion of Mexico,
even on a punitive expedition. He re
ferred to the President's recent warn
ings to congress concerning interna
tional complications, and said congress
had not heeded the warnings, but sat
still with regard to national defense
Manitoba Votes Dry.
Winnipeg, Man. By a vote of
slightly more than two to one, the
province of Manitoba Monday approved
the provincial temperance act, which
closes all bars, wholesale liquor houses
and licensed clubs in the province after
May 31 next.
Stormy weather throughout Mani
toba prevented a heavy vote, particu
larly in the country districts. In some
districts snow was piled so high and
the roads in such condition that farm
ers were unable to reach the polls, re
The temperance act passed by the
last legislature will become effective
May 31, thus closing nearly 200 bars,
42 wholesale liquor houses and seven
Monday was the climax of one of
the most vigorous political battles in
Western Canada, in a quarter of a cen
tury. ' '
Wages Up Twice Since March I.
Tacoma, Wash. Wages of the
Northern Pacific and Milwaukee rail
road section men have been raised
twice Bince March 1, it was Raid by
railroad officials Tuesday. The first
advance was made March 1, from
$1.60 to $1.65 a day, and the second
was made March 10, from $1.65 to
$1.75 a day. Seven hundred and fifty
men are employed in the Tacoma divis
ion of the Northern Pacific and 750 on
the Seattle division. The Milwaukee
railroad employs regularly 600 section
mon between Tacoma and Cle Elum.
Women May Replace Men.
LondonWith a view to liberating
more men for active service in the
army, the government has revised the
list of starred occupations, employ
ment which has hitherto exempetd
workmen. It is announced details will
be published immediately.
In cases where it is found impos
sible to remove occupations alto
gether from the starred list men under
30 years will be replaced by women or
f ' ft ' ' f J
VILLA IN U. S.
Columbus, N. M., Attacked by
1500 Mexican Bandits.
16 PERSONS KILLED
United States Troopers Have Brisk
Engagement Few Miles South of
Border. Villa's Losses Big
and Capture Imminent.
Columbus, N. M. Francisco Villa,
outlawed Mexican badnit, raided Unit
ed States territory Thursday. With
1500 men he attacked Columbus, killed
at least 16 Americans and fired many
buildings before he was driven back
across the international border.
At least 250 troopers of the Thir
teenth United States cavalry followed
the Villa band into Mexico. Reports
to Colonel H. J. Slocum late in the day
said that Villa had made a stand five
miles south of the border, where spir
ited fighting ensued. In this engage
ment an unnamed private was killed
and Captain-Adjutant George Williams
The small detachment of troopers
under Majors Tompkins and Lindsley,
fighting dismounted, made a deter
mined stand against the renewed Villa
attack and at last reports were holding
The raid to American territory
proved costly to the bandit chieftain.
The bodies of 18 Mexican bandits, in
cluding Pablo Lopez, second in com
mand, had been gathered and buried
before noon and troopers reported an
undetermined number of dead still ly
ing in the brush.
It is estimated that Villa has lost
100 in killed and more than twice as
many wounded, including his losses in
the pursuit by the American troopers.
Led to the attack under the slogan,
"Death to the Americans!" Villa's fol
lowers fought with desperation. Just
before dawn they crept along ditches
skirting the United States cavalry
camp and rushed the sleeping town,
The first volley brought American
troopers into almost instant action.
While a portion of the raiders engaged
the cavalrymen, others, detailed by the
bandit chieftain, began applying the
torch and shooting American civilians
who ventured from the buildings.
Lights in homes and public buildings
immediately became targets for snip
ers posted at Villa's direction. Other
bandits, creeping close to American
homes, enticed several civilians into
the open with English-spoken invita
tions. Several fatalities are attributed
to this ruse.
Washington, D. C. Washington
stands squarely behind Colonel Slocum
in sending his cavalrymen into Mexico
in pursuit of Francisco Villa and his
band of outlaws who raided Columbus,
N. M., murdering American soldiers
and citizens and firing the town.
Secretary Lansing informed the de
facto government of Mexico through
Eliseo Arredondo, its ambassador des
ignate here, that he trusted no objec
tion would be made to the action of
the American troops, they having fol
lowed what is known in military cir
cles as a "hot trail." No orders have
been issued for the return of the sold
iers, and it is not probable any will be
issued for the present.
Reports that the American troopers
were in action probably 15 miles south
of the border against a much larger
force of bandits were heard with anx
ious interest in official circles.
Five troops of cavalry crossed the
boundary early in the day. At a late
hour it was not known officially just
where they were or just what account
they had given of themselves.
While no formal word of the policy
of the administration was given out, it
was reliably stated that free rein
would be given the army to catch the
bandits if possible. It was not consid
ered in administration circles that
Colonel Slocum 's act in any sense con
stituted an Invasion of Mexico, a pol
icy which the administration has op
posed in the past and will continue to
The State department at first had
planned to ask permission of the Car
ranza government to send troops across
the border in pursuit of the outlaw
bandit. Then came official word that
the cavalry already had crossed. Later
Mr. Arredondo called on Secretary
Lansing, expressed regret for the Villa
raid, and was informed of the attitude
of the United States.
Villa Men Execute Thirty.
Laredo, Tex. Thirty or more Car
ranza soldiers, including several offi
cers, were executed by bandits three
days ago near Torreon, according to
authentic information received here
Friday. The bandits were reported to
be adherents of General Villa and were
commanded by Colonel Chacon. The
men executed a lieutenant colonel,
two majors, several minor officers and
24 privates were taken from train
en route from Torreon to Monterey, it
was said, and were shot by the side of
Privilege of Crossing Border
Sought by Mexico.
FORMAL MANIFESTO ISSUED TO PEOPLE
Mexicans Told He Will Fight Before
He Will Surrender Dignity and
Honor of Mexican Nation.
Mexico City General Carranza Sun
day night Issued a manifesto to the
nation declaring that under no circum
stances would the Mexican government
grant to the United States a right to
violate her sovereignty by sending an
armed force in pursuit of Villa with
out the consent and reciprocal privil
ege being first obtained and admitted.
General Carranza said in his mani
"I am sure that I interpret in this
matter the national sentiment and that
the Mexican people will comply in a
dignified manner with their duty, be
the sacrifices what they may, to sus
tain their rights and sovereignty, if
unfortunately this drags us into war
which the United States can never
justify. We will not be responsible
for the disasterous consequences. Up
on the heads of the traitorous Mexi
cans who, within and without this
country, have labored to produce this
result will fall the inexorabe justice of
"The cause of the assault which
Francisco Villa and the bandits who
accompanied him made on the town of
Columbus, in American territory,
burning nouses and killing some of
the inhabitants, soldiers, as well as
citizens, the international situation in
these moments is very delicate, as the
North American press have incited
their people against Mexico and the
government of that country has dis
cussed the situation in the American
congress, members of which have ad
"The constitutional government
which I have the honor to represent is
also occupied diligently in an effort to
solve this delicate situation, trying at
all costs to maintain the dignity and
sovereignty of Mexico, and we yet
hope that this lamentable incident may
be decorously arranged and that there
will be no reason for conflict.
"I have addressed the government
of the United States, through the for
eign office, stating that the invasion
of Villa has historical precedents, as
in the years 1880 and 1886, two par
ties of Indians, coming from the Unit
ed States, invaded Sonora and Chi
huahua, committing crimes and depre
dations on the lives and properties of
"It was agreed then between the
governments of the two countries to
permit the respective passage of
armed forces, resulting in the exterm
ination of the Indians. I have asked
the American government to pursue a
like course, in order to solve future
difficulties, should they arise, noting
that Villa and his companions are a
group of bandits whose acts the Mexi
can government or people would not
be responsible for, and that his re
proachable conduct is due to instiga
tion of the reactionary element that,
lacking in patriotism and convinced of
its defeat, is trying by all means to
bring on armed intervention.
"I have not yet received the answer
of the American government, and
from the reports of my chiefs along
the frontier learn that the American
forces are mobilizing to pursue and
capture and deliver him to the Mexi
can authortiies; that the expedition is
in the nature of a punitive campaign
and that the sovereignty of Mexico
will be respected.
"The constitutional government has
given instructions to its confidential
agent at , Washington immediately to
make representations that under no
circumstances, with any motive, be
the reasons or explanations of the
United States what they may, will it
justify the armed invasion of Mexican
territory without reciprocal rights be
ing granted to the Mexicans and that
not for an instant will the invasion of
Mexican territory or an outrage to its
dignity to tolerated."
Hair Curling Is Fatal.
Seattle, Wash. Miss Stella Castiel,
20 years old, a domestic servant, was
fatally burned at her apartments, 1101
Fifth avenue, about 4 :30 Sunday after
noon. An alcohol lamp which she was
using to heat a curling iron, over
turned and set her clothing on fire.
The woman had placed the burning
lamp in her lap while she sat before
the mirror and curled her hair. When
the lamp upset the alcohol spread over
her clothing. The burning wick ig
nited her cothing and she was soon en
veloped in flames.
Employes Ordered Out.
Laredo, Tex. American concerns
operating in the Monterey district and
in the vicinity of Mapimi, state of
Durango, have ordered their employes
to leave Mexico at once, owing to un
rest among the lower classes of Mexi
cans, according to American passen
gers from that section, 250 of whom
reached the border here Monday. There
is no apparent ill-feeling against
Americans in Nuevo Laredo and the
order in this vicinity it normal.
VILLA FORCES RAZE RAILROAD
TRACKS AND HEM IN MORMONS
Columbus, N. M. Villa made his
hiding place known Monday for the
first time since the fires of looted Co
lumbus lighted his escape into the
gray Mexican hills south of town.
With 8000 men at his back the bandit
chief tore up the track of the North
western of Mexico railroad at Corral
itos and swept toward the Mormon set
tlements in the San Miguel valley.
This bold stroke has cut off from es
cape into the United States 600 Mor
mons who had planned to make their
way to safety across the border. The
ruthless raider has announced that he
will put to death every man, woman
and child in the settlement.
The Mormons are all that revolution
has left in the fertile country around
Casas Grandes in the Guerrero district
of Chihuahua. There were formerly
20,000 Mormons from the United
States settled at a dozen colonies In
the San Miguel valley. They had es
tablished prosperous settlements at
Dublan, Casas Grandes, Colonia Gar
cia, Colonia Guarez, Colonia Juarez,
Colonia Chuichupa and other garden
They have been planning since the
raid on Columbus to return to the
United States. Villa was informed.
After his raid into New Mexico he
hurried to Guzman to await the Mor
mons on their passage to El Paso.
Learning he was lying in ambush for
their destruction, the Mormons delayed
their attempt to escape. Villa struck
outhward and cut the railroad at Cor
Americans Rescued From
Torpedoed Norwegian Vessel
Washington, D. C. The State de
partment received Monday a cable
gram from Consul Osburn at Havre,
France, saying that the Norwegian
bark Silius had been torpedoed in
Havre roads, without warning, ac
cording to members of the crew, but
that seven Americans on board had
So far dispatches to the State de
partment simply have said the vessel
was torpedoed without warning. No
mention was made of the nationality
of the submarine.
The Americans on board were mem
bers of the crew.
Secretary Lansing has instructed
Consul Osborn to secure and forward
immediately all available details of
the sinking of the bark Silius.
If a torpedo did destroy the bark,
which was bound to Havre from New
York with grain, the government re
sponsible will be held to strict ac
countability. Such an act would be
contrary to all the assurances which
the United States haB secured.
Officials seemed inclined, however,
to refrain from forming an opinion
until it was known positively that a
torpedo, and not a mine, sunk the ship.
Should Consul Osburn's investiga
tion establish that a torpedo actually
was responsible, the United States
officials indicated they will view the
matter even more serious than if a
passenger carrying vessel was in
volved. The American seamen have
even a greater claim to protection
than passengers. A passenger travels
at his discretion, while a seaman is
compelled to do so by his occupation.
Serious Shortage in Paper Material.
Washington, D. C. The attention
of the department of Commerce is
called by the president of a large pa
per manufacturing company to the
fact that there is a serious shortage of
raw material for the manufacture of
paper, including rags and old papers.
He urges that the department should
make it known that the collecting and
saving of rags and old papers would
greatly better existing conditions for
Something like 15,000 tons of differ
ent kinds of paper and paperboard are
manufactured every day in the United
States and a large proportion of this
after it has served its purpose could
be used over again in some class of
paper. A large part of it, however, is
either burned or otherwise wasted.
This, of course, has to be replaced by
new materials. It the early history of
the paper industry publicity was given
to the importance of saving rags. It
is of Scarcely less importance now. A
little attention to the saving of rags
and old papers will mean genuine re
lief to our industry and a diminished
drain upon our sources of supply for
Intrigue Is Charged.
Tokio It is the belief of the Japan
ese foreign minister that "a certain
European power in the past has en
deavored to create differences between
Japan and the United States to further
its own ends." This opinion was ex
pressed by the foreign minister before
the Association of America's Friends.
He gave it as his opinion that the
efforts of this European power were
exerted for the purpose of serving its
own aspirations. As that power now
is occupied with its own troubles, the
source of intrigue has been removed.
War in Albania Renewed.
Berlin, by wireless to Sayville, N.
Y. Fighting between Italian and
Austrian troops in Albania has been
Austrian forces advancing along
the coast between Durazzo encoun
tered Italian soldiers who, after a few
skirmishes, fell back in the direction
of Avlona, their principal position
in Albania, according to an offi
cial statement received here from Vienna.
ORDERS U. S. ARMY
TO DISPATCH VILLA
Washington Determined to End
Border Raids at Any Cost.
WATCHFUL WAITING PROGRAM ENDS
Whether General Occupation Follows
Will Depend Upon Attitude, of
Washintgon, D. C. American
troops were ordered across the Mexi
can border Friday by President Wil
son to take Francisco Villa and his
bandits dead or alive.
Under the direction, if not the lead
ership, of Major General Funston,
who ended the Philippine insurrection
by taking Aguinaldo, American col
umns are expected to move into Mex
ico at once.
They go to meet 8000 guerrilla
troops in a mountainous region, from
which Carranza troops have fled.
Whether this long-deferred armed
action, which begins purely as a puni
tive measure, to clear Northern Mex
ico of menacing bandit bands over
which General Carranza has no con
trol, shall grow into a general armed
intervention or occupation in Mexico
depends, in a large measure, on Gen
eral Carranza and the Mexican people.
"An adequate force will be sent at
once in pursuit of Villa with the single
object of capturing him and putting a
stop to his forays.
"This can be done and will be done
in entirely friendly aid of the consti
tuted authorities in Mexico and with
scrupulous respect for the sovereignty
of that republic."
That statement was prepared by the
President Wilson's intention to de
part from the policy of watchful wait
ing, ended by the Columbus massacre
of Friday, was announced after it had
been unanimously approved by the cab
inet and administration leaders in con
gress. The president's position was.
explained fully to the latter, wh
agreed that he should not be embar
rassed at this time by discussion of a
minority which might arouse trouble
After a brief cabinet meeting, at
which the President was described a,
being as determined to eliminate Villa
as he was to eliminate Huerta, Secre
tary Baker hurried to the War depart
ment and sent orders to the border
Allies Refuse to Disarm Vessels;
Notice Is Expected Soon
Washington, D. C The entente al
lies have agreed to inform the United
States that they cannot accept the pro
posal in Secretary Lansing's recent
circular memorandum that a modus
vivendi be entered into for the disarm
ament of belligerent-owned merchant
ships. Conferences between the allies
on this subject have ended and formal
replies are expected in the near future.
Advices to the State department
from the embassies at London, Paris
and Rome some time ago made it ap
parent that the disarmament plan had
met with no favor, and the department
has been proceeding on the assumption
that it would be rejected.
The United States does not question
the right and international law of mer
chantmen to arm for defense. Dis
armament by agreement was proposed
purely as a humanitarian expedient on
account of the development of subma
Packing Cases Settled.
Washington, D. C From unofficial
but reliable sources it was learned
here that the long-standing cases of
the American packers have been set
tled. The cases involved the detention
by the British government of large
quantites of meat products shipped
from the United States to the neutral
countries of North Europe. While
details of the settlement are lacking,
it is known the British government,
has undertaken to secure the exporters
against loss by a system of long-time,
Munition Train Chased.
El Paso, Tex. A party of 60 sold
iers from Fort Bliss began the pursuit
of a number of Mexicans Saturday,
who, with a wagon train of small arms
and ammunition, were said to have
taken a westerly course along the Rio
Grande, on the American side. Six
Mexicans, suspected of being Villa
spies, were arrested by the El Paso,
police. Among the number was Gen
eral Manuel Banda, formerly Villa
commander of the Juarez garrison, and
Colonel Pablo Luna, formerly a mem
ber of Villa's personal bodyguard.
Gen, Carranza "Sorry."
Douglas, Ariz. "I am sorry that
conditions are such that the United
States deems it necessary to take the
action of which you have advised me."'
This answer was made by General Car
ranza to a' telegram Bent to him by
General P. Elias Calles, military gov
renor of Sonora, asking the first chief
of the de facto Mexican government
for an expression of his opinion on the
act of President Wilson in ordering a
punitive expedition into Mexico.