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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 22, 1915)
So Carl Said When He Wedded
the Queen of Cooks.
Mrs. Bliss came Into the day nur
eery, bor largo rosy (ace growing a
deeper pink with the exertion of
climbing tho etalri to the third floor,
"Good morning, Mist Newton," she
cmlled at the little nursery governess
who ws tittlng with Hobby In the
window teat. "1 wonder If you and
Hobby wouldn't like to play today?
We are going to picnic at the pine
"Oh, mother-honoy!" Hobby flung
lili iturdy iulf at hie parent. "Will
there be lemmade and chicken land'
wlches? And can I wear my new
white Tommy Tucker nult?"
"Yes, to everything," laughed Mrs.
BIIbb, kluulus hlin and moving toward
the door, "Can you be ready In 15
minutes, Mlsi Newton?"
"Of course we can, Mrs. Mies! We
wouldn't mini a picnic for the world,
would we, Hobby?" SHe jumped up
bp' put away books and toys. "Come,
They danced down the corridor to
Bobby's room where nurse quickly
put blin Into the much-admired suit.
In the meantime Beta Newton
brushed her red-brewn ba!r and
slipped Into a dainty pale blue ging
ham (rock, then the girl and the little
boy went sedately downstairs to the
front veranda where three motor cars
were waiting (or the merry bouse
party that had filled the Illlss coun
try borne (or ten days,
Some of the girls and women came
up and spoke to Bobby and nodded
kindly to the little governess; one
of them, Miss Nugent, tell, graceful
and carelessly kind In her manner,
introduced Until right and left, until
presently the girl found herself In
timid conversation with Mr. Carl Ilel'
lew, so many times a millionaire
that no one troubled to remember ex
actly how ninny dollars there were
and only recalled thnt be was just as
nice as if he didn't have a penny.
At last they were off, Ueth and
Bobby tucked away In the tonneau
of the last car with Mr. and Mrs.
Mitchell, the footman and the lunch
baskets which overflowed on to the
running boards and the luggage car
"This Is jolly!" cried Dobby en
thuslastlcally as they swept out of
the driveway and turned up the road
that led to tho Pine Mountuln.
Beth smiled absently. Perhaps she
was thinking that It might have been
pleasanter if she had been In one of
the other large cars among that
merry crowd of girls and young men.
But she clildcd herself sharply for the
momentary discontent and was soon
her own accustomed happy sulf, en
joying the unexpected holiday to the
' At the pine grove the picnic
hampers were unloaded; James, the
footman, built a fire and was then
allowed to return home with the
machines. They were to come for
the plcknickers at Bundown. "One
can't have a Jolly picnic with serv
ants around," Mrs. Bliss had de
cided. Leaving the fire to take care of
Itself the party trooped through the
pines to the glade where a waterfull
tumbled amotyt the brown rocks. An
acrid smell of burning brought them
running to tho campflre.
The fire had rvercrept the bounda
ries of Its encircling stones and had
licked Its way among the pine needles
until it reached the four 'large
There was nothing left of the
food save blackened remnants, and
of the hampers there remained only
charred splinters. As the plcknick
ers reached the scene the last soda
water bottle exploded with a sicken
"Seven miles from anywhere!"
groaned Mrs. UIIbs.
"And not a thing to eat!" added
"Or to drink," mourned Mr. Mitch
ell as be grubbed among the ruins of
There was a murmur of discontent
among the young poople. Some of
Ihe men volunteered to walk back to
the house and bring something to eat
but the question was quickly decided
when a few heavy drops of rain fell.
"Where la the nearest shelter?"
asked Carl Bellew.
"It must be old Ned Blake's shan
ty," replied Mrs. Bliss. "At least It
will keep us dry for awhile. Come,
Someone laughed a spirit of adven
ture Into the party and so they has
tened down the slope until under the
shoulder of the mountain they reached
a long, weather-beaten shanty built
against a great rock lhat formed Its
Ned Blake was a hermit who gained
a living by gathering herbs and ber
ries In season. '.
Repeated knocks upon the door
brought no response. "The latch
string Is out," suggested Beth New
ton. Carl Bellew pulled the latch-string
and pushed open the weather-beaten
door. The poor furnishings were
spotleBBly clean and neat but the her
mit was absent.
"We niUBt find something to eat
and we can pay Ned when he re
turns," said Mrs. lilies as she sank
down In a cushioned Boston rocker,
while the young people found seats
on the rag-carpeted floor before the
Soon Carl Bollew had a fire of
hickory logs blazing on the hearth
while Lillian Nugent and Beth New
ton explored the pantry. Miss Nu
gent returned to the living room.
"There tent a bit of cooked food In
the , place not even bread!" sbe an
nounced. "There are flour and sugar
and1 eggs and potatoes and some
canned things what can we do? Do
any: of you girls know bow to cook
Ansa Taylor confessed that she had
made creamed eggs In a chafing dish
at home-but she shrugged her
The other women were silent Beth
Newton stood in the kitchen door
way, ber face pink with shyness; the
looked dlstraclliigly pretty ut (hat mo
"If you don't tnlnd waiting a hall
hour 1 believe I could prepare some
thing lit to tat," shu announced tim
idly. They applauded her enthusiastically
and offered to hulp. giie accepted
MUs Taylor for an assistant In the
kitchen, and Lillian Nugent opened
the tiny cupboard and prepared to
set tho table for a dozen people from
tho hermit's seunty store of crockery.
Both lighted a fire In the cracked
old cookstove, Carl Hollow and Andy
Bmlth carried firewood, and opened
the tans of vegetables.
Hobby danced In and out report
ing progress. "Ilakod potatoes I Hot
biscuits urn! Bacon mother, they're
cooking bacon and eggs out there!
They were doing ull those things,
while outsldo of the frail shelter a
cummer rain drummed on the shin
gles and mace the fire and tho cozl
nets more desirable.
At last they sat down at two tables,
They gave lleth a seat of honor, and
no one told her of the dab of flour
on ber hair or the smudge of soot
that became a beauty spot near her
lively eye. With ber flushed cheeks.
her ruffled brown hair, ber pale blue
sleeves pushed up above her rounded
elbows, Both Newton was radiant.
They were all so good to her, tool
She smiled happily, too tired to eat
Her eyes met Carl Ilellew's and some
thing In the man's gaze brought a
hot flush to her cheek. After that
her eyes did not wander far from ber
As a dollghtful surprise Beth pro
duced a steaming apple pudding with
maple sirup, and In token of their
gratitude Andy Smith hastily plucked
a bunch of herbs from the rafters
and solemnly crowned her with a
wreath of catnip, the queen of cooks.
Hy the time the dishes were washed
and put away the sun was Bhlnlng
outsldo. Thq Invaders had restored
the house to order aid Carl Bellew
had pinned a note on the table cover.
Inside of that envelope were folded
crackling banknotes of such large de
nomination that old Ned lllake would
never cease to marvel over the acces
sion of riches that made his declin
ing days more comfortable.
They returned to the scene of the
campflre, and all too soon the three
motor cars arrived. Somehow Mrs.
miss managed to smuggle Beth and
Hobby Into the same car with her
self and Carl Hellew, and that night
when she weni to bed the girl assured
herself that she had rounded out ber
A few days later the party bad
broken up and the picnic was for
gotten by all save Beth Newton and
Hobby and, perhaps, Carl Bellew.
His place was not very far away and
he found many excuses for calling on
the Ulisses. When kindly Mrs. Bliss
realized that It was htr little nursery
goveruesB whom Carl Bellew wanted
to see, she remembered her own days
of wooing, and entered whole-heartedly
"Dear," said Carl Bellew one Octo
ber day when he had received Bcth's
answer. "I've loved you from the be
ginning, but when I tasted your
Ileitis bund tressed his Hps In si
lence. She looked up at her splendid
"Ah, Carl," she murmured. "I am
such a humble little thing so un
worthy of you! You might marry a
princess or a queen!"
Carl threw back his- head and
laughed. Then ho gathered her closer
In his arms.
"I am going to marry a queen," he
protested, "tho queen of cooks!"
The Thing That Lasts.
It has pleased Providence to place
us In such a state that we appear at
every moment to be upon the verge of
some great mutation, There Is not
thing, and one thing only, which defies
all mutation; that which existed be
fore the world, and will survive the
fabric of the world Itself; I mean
Justice; that justice which, emanating
from the Divinity, has a place In the
breast of every one of us, given us
for a guide with regard to ourselves,
and with regard to others, nnd which
will stand after this globe is burned
to ashes our advocate, our accuser
before the great Judge, when he
comes to call upon us for the tenor
of a well-spent life. Edmund Burke
Benefited by Infirmity.
Joslah Wedgwood, the famous pot
ter and scientist, suffered from a dis
ease of the right knee, which necessi
tated the amputation of the limb. Re
ferring to tliU Infirmity, Mr. Gladstone
once declared, "It sent his mind in
wards; It drove him to meditate upon
the laws and secrets of his art The
result was that be arrived at a per
ceptlon envied by an Athenian pot
ter." Her Oversight.
"That last cook you sent me did not
suit at all."
"What was the matter?"
"She couldn"t cook."
"Oh, why didn't you say you wanted
one that could cook?"
And No Insurance.
Bookkeeper The old man's getting
to be quite an Incendiary.
Cashier What's the answer?
Bookkeeper He fired two more men
"Tell me, Vanessa, does your music
help you make your home happy?"
"Not much. A sonata Is of little In
terest to a man when be wants a
Sh Knew Father.
"All the world loves a lover, you
know," said the young man.
"You'll And out your mistake when
you speak to father," replied the
sweet young thing.
Paw Knew the Answsr.
Little Lemuel Say, paw, what Is an
Paw An underwriter, son. Is a
woman who always adds a postscript
to ber letters.
Soon In the Soup.
"Dinner's ready," thought the ladts.
"I suppose I'll soon be In the sou."
AUSTRALIA Is building for It
self a wonderful capital city
In a region hitherto uninhab
ited, and the designer of this
future city and supervisor of
Its erection Is an American. .Jessie
Ackermann, F, P., 0. 8., thus tolls
of the great project and bor visit to
tho chosen site, In the Pittsburgh Dis
Whon the colonies of Australia fed
erated and the country established a
commonwealth government, they nat
urally bethought themselves as to
what they should do with It From
the duy of federation, for almost ten
yours, the matter of the locality of
tho capital was a vexed question,
which hinged entirety upon sectional
Jealousy and ambition, The bitter
fight wcxed fierce between the states
of Victoria and New South Wales as
to whether Sydney or Melbourne
chould have the honor and advantage.
In order to bring harmony out of
chaos, It was determined to found a
city In some new place where Aus
tralian building Ideas and characteris
tics could be molded and fashioned In
to a monument of local coloring. The
country In general aspect, fairly pul
sated with possibilities of originality.
The great soul of Australia breathes
an atmosphere all Its own. Still there
Is nothing whatover purely Australian
In type or character which the people
have produced neither In art, litera
ture, architecture or poetry. Of course,
the country Is young, but, even so,
there are no evidences of originality,
with the exception of the idea of build
ing a great city in waste places.
Yass-Canbarra Valley Chosen.
The question of a national capital
aomewhere at sometime having been
settled, the struggle of "where" be
came positively bitter. As New South
Wales was the oldest colony, a sense
of fitness led the government to agree
that the Mother State was justly en
titled to the city, provided the state
donated the territory on which It was
to stand, specifying that sovereign
rights should be vested In the federal
At last a majority vote selected the
valley of Yass-Canbarra district, as
the spot where the unborn city should
be built. Hy a strange irony which
often weaves Itself about the Individ-
imrni. - .... ... , , , . .
GENERAL VICW or
ual, one of the members who most
bitterly denounced the situation of the
site by exclaiming, "The wastes are so
bleak, the spot so barren and dry, that
a crow never files across the place
without carrying a water bottle," be
came head of the department under
which the city will be built
The report of the commission ap
pointed to visit various sites, says this
of Yass-Canbarra: "It forms a per
fect amphitheater in which the city
would be surrounded by glorious hills."
It was decided the world should
have a chance to compete In a plan
to lay out the city. Descriptions of
the area were worked out to the most
minute detail. They were drawn by
the surveyor general to the common
wealth and sent to the BrltlBh consuls
of the world, with the result that hun
dreds of plans from many countries
poured Into the department before the
time limit expired. These were stud
ied and sorted out by a committee,
which reduced the real competing
number to about half a dozen. There
were three prizes offered. The first
was carried off by an enterprising
young architect from Chicago, Walter
Hurley Griffin, who Is under three
Relation of Malsrla to Agriculture.
An Intensive study of the decrease
Lot productiveness In an agricultural
community due to malaria nas Deen
made by the bureau of entomology in
Madlaon Parish. La. It was found
that 12 families, cultivating 246 acres
of land, lost an aggregate of 88 weeks
during the crop-growing season from
this cause, or more than seven weeks
ner familv. The financial loss in this
case was estimated at $24 per family.
Whern the bo -weevil prevails tne
lnsa would be much heavier, as fail
ure to keep up the cultivation of the
crop or to plant at the proper time
gives the weevil a decided advantage.
It Is clear from these investigations
that the present loss through malaria
In the southern states amounts to
many millions of dollars.Sclentlflc
'What do you think ot the nerve of
that fellow in the third row? Trying
to flirt with me, he was, Mayme!
As if I'd notice a fellow who came
to a 16-cent vaudeville show!" Har
years' engagement to the Australian
government to put his plans Into exe
In order to see something of this
greatly discussed place, I decided to
pay a visit to the territory and look
over the very beginning of things for
The site Is still rather cut oft from
the most spoedy communications by
travel; but when the railway connect)
the place with other lines, It will form
the trunk between Sydney and Mel
bourne, shortening the present dl
tance by some eighty miles.
An entire night on trains, or waiting
for them at stations, brought me, long
before daylight, to the nearest point
by rail, when two government officials
took charge of me and I was conveyed
to the site, where I was to camp In
government tents until I could sea
something of the reservation.
Set In the Foothills.
Eight miles over good roads led U
the foothills that form a setting fol
the new city. The valley is backed bj
the more distant range of mountains
which change their garb of color be
tween daylight and darkness, so fre
quently as to throw almost a spell o)
witchery over the landscape. From
this area of 900 square miles, 12
square miles have been surveyed ai
the actual site of the city. The spot
will certainly become of Intense Inter
est to those who watch the dally build
Ing of a new and modern city, spring
Ing from the very mountains of thli
oldest of old lands.
In five days we drove 190 miles ovel
the reservation. ' Viewed from every
point, beauty increased and posslblli
ties enlarged with each hour of drlv
Ing. The secretary of the department
chanced to be on the spot, also the
surveyor-ln-chlef of the common
wealth. Maps, books, designs, lltera
ture, explanations and details were
all on such a large scale as to almost
bewilder the mind of a mere woman.
An immense gorge in the mountains
will form a water supply of such vast
extent and capacity that the watel
question of the city, should the popu
lation reach unheard-of numbers, la
settled at the very outset. This Is the
great advantage of the whole situation
the certainty of a water supply will
- . . ..
THE NEW CITY
strike a note of security. The district
will be governed something after the
methods of the District of Columbia.
The people who dwell within the boun
daries will, practically, be dlsfran
chlsed. No land will be sold and the
government will manufacture all ma
terial to be used In building the city
at various places under the supervl
slon of that body.
Two hundred miles of splendidly
built roads are now completed, and
work will progress probably Blowly,
tor lack of funds, but the completion
of the city is an assured fact. The
present generation of builders will not
live to Bee the city in any sense com
pleted. It muBt be the labor of many
years, but it Is the hope of Australia
that gradually there will appear upon
those hills one master-stroke of archi
tecture after another until a world-triumph
will stand In the form of a mod
ern city, suited to the climate, ot
which the oncoming generations will
Australia Is a great land, a country
ot sunshine, fruit and flowers; an
Island so rich in natural resources as
to astound the world with its recent
years of unprecedented prosperity
Rough on the Bishop.
Ths Verger of the little old coun
try church was showing a party of
He pointed out the place where
Cromwell's cannon balls would have
hit the church, only It wasn't built
then, and all the usual sights ot the
Then they ascended the belfry.
There the verger drew a long
breath, and the visitors crowded
round eagerly. Evidently they were
to see the sight of sights.
"Now, this 'ere bell," said the ver
ger proudly; "a bit remarkable this
beii is. It is only rung on the occa
sion of a visit from the lord bishop,
a fire, a flood, or any other such ca
lamity!" London Mall.
"Woman." says Dr. Anna Shaw,
"ever has been man's companion,
sharing his exile, espousing hla cause
and buckling on bis armor." And man
ever has been woman's companion,
sharing her happiness, espousing her
when she would have him, and button
ing her up the ba"v
HAS FAMOUS RECORD
Death's Head Hussars an Old
First Got Together by Fredarlok Wil
liam, Duks of Brunswick, to Op-
pose the Great Napoleon, and
Give Him Much Worry,
The curt rofusal of Nnpoleon I, to
illow Frederick William, Duke of
Brunswick, to bury the body of bis
exiled father In his native land, In
iplred the organization of the Death's
Head hussars, tho most famous regi
ment In the present German army. ,
Frederick William vowed eternal
vengeance against, the French con
qucror; and until the day of his death,
June 16, 3816, on the field of (juatre
Bras, be was Napoleon's most Impla
cable foe In all the German states.
Brunswick barred to him, the duke
repaired to Bohemia after his father's
death. He was without funds, but
through the efforts of his sister, then
Princess of Wales, English fundi
found their way to him.
All Germany was then under Na
poleon's toot. His armies had swept
all opposition. Prussia, Brunswick, Ba
varia, Saxony, all the states were
mere vasBals of France. Yet under
neath a fire of hatred burned, wblcb
the duke helped fan Into the blaze that
eventually sent Bonaparte to St
The duke announced himself as Na
poleon's toe. Men flocked to his stand
ard. He organized and equipped 2,000
cavalrymen, and, In memory of his
father, clothed them In black. A sil
ver skull and crossbones adorned their
hussar headdress, and the silver lace
slashings of the jackets were placed
to resemble the ribs of a skeleton.
"The Black Brunswlckers, ' they
were called. With the gallant duke at
their head they began a guerrilla war
fare that wai a continual worry to
the French armies. Von Stein, Scharn
horst and others gave them Becret
Through Saxony, Hesse and Han
over the troopers gobbled up and put
to the sword French detachments. Re
cruits flocked to them. At Berneck the
duke gave battle to the French gen
eral, Junot, and whipped him. All
Germany thrilled at the romantic ac
counts of the daring of the "Black
hussars," A Saxon army was whipped
at Zlttau, and another force at Hal
berBtadt. A regiment had grown Into
an army, the only one Napoleon's
troops could not corner and whip. The
Duchy of Brunswick was Invaded and
the French garrisons alarmed. Leipzig
was surprised and captured.
Until the battle ot Wagram the
duke and his hussars rode over Ger
many at will. That victory gave Na
poleon more time to devote to them,
and the duke was forced to flee to
England. But the "Black hussars"
with the death's bead on their caps,
continued the warfare in scattered
bands. They were welded into a bri
gade in 1814 and, as a part of a
division In the allied army commanded
by the duke of Brunswick, rode into
They fought again during the Hun
dred Days. The duke of Brunswick
did not live to see Napoleon'B com-
From an Old Print.
plete humiliation. He died on the field
of battle trying to rally some recruits
who started a stampede at the first
The fame of the hussars had
reached such a point that the organi
zation was continued In the Prussian
army. Today Its colonel is the crown
prince of Germany, and among its
officers are princes of a dozen reign
Whisky Made In a Mine.
Perhaps the most remarkable be
ginning and ending to a colliery fir
was In the case of a mine near Stir
ling belonging to the Sauchie Colliery
company. The Irat shaft they sank
was abandoned In favor of another in
a better position. The disused Bhaft
became the secret headquarters ot a
gang of Illicit whisky distillers. In
the abondoned mine works they set up
their still, and turned out thousands
ot "drops of Scotch" that had never
One day, however, the fire from
their furnace set the coal seam ablaze,
and they had to fly for their lives. In
a very short time flames were pouring
from the shaft and cracks In the
ground, lighting up tho whole country
side. The fire was walled In with
mud. It took five years to build this
wall at a cost of 16,000, and then It
was useless. Sir Goldsworthy Gurney,
the Inventor of the steam Jet, was
called in. He sealed up the mine as
far as possible and then pumped into
It 8,000,000 cubic feet of carbonic acid
and nitrogen. In three weeks the Ore
that bad been burning day and night
for 40 years was put out
Ths Rational Assumption.
"So your admirer is an aviator. 1
suppose he makes very short calls
when ha comes."
"Why do you think that?"
"Doesn't he make flying rial tat"
V 11 t0 nu"t the wild ele-
III phants or to see the ruins
that sahib has come?" aBked
JJ my Singhalese host at the
resthouse In Anuradhapura,
writes Tyler Dennett In the New
York Tribune. The question was nut
really asked for Information. He
knew thut I had not come equipped
to hunt elephants. He also knew that
the game laws of the British govern
ment amply protect these valuable
beasts. He wished, merely, to Im
press me with the range of entertain
ment afforded by Anuradhapura. : I
was Impressed.' Elephant hunting In
the jungles of Ceylon or curio bunt
ing In the ruins of a forgotten me
tropolis which once stood amid these
same jungles one may take bis
Twenty-two centuries ago the morn
ing sun cast the shadow of a nine
story building over the spot where
we were seated. This Brazen palace
of Duttha Gamanl was 1C6 feet high,
higher than the tallest building on
Broadway 35 years ago. 1
Out yonder grows the Bacred bo
iree, over 2,100 years old. It was
grown as a slip from the sacred fig
tree under which Buddha himself sat
when fighting off the temptations of
sense which hindered his attainment
of perfect wUdom. Crumbling ruins,
forests of pillars, grass-grown mounds
hundreds of feet high stretch back
Into the dim vista of a tropical for
est on every side. Monkeys swing
from the trees in this jungle, chat
tering wildly at anyone who ventures
to disturb their solitude. From high
platforms In harvest time the vil
lagers watch their few Impoverished
grain fields to drive off the maraud
ing wild elephants.
Now Mere Jungle Ruins.
Once Anuradhapura must have
been one of the most thickly populat
ed spots on the surface of the globe.
No one can know with certainty how
many people lived there. "It Is a well
known fact, sahib," said my host,
"that 10,000,000 people lived here In
the reign of the great Gamanl."
I had not been long in the Orient,
yet long enough to know that the
Oriental has little regard for statis
tics. Every statement is Introduced
as a well-known fact. In Anuradha
pura there are the ruins of what is
called the "Elephants' bath," so
called, not because the elephants used
to bathe In it, although the wild ones
do come there now every morning at
daybreak, but merely because It Is
big. The word "elephant" Is the
Singhalese adjective for bigness.
Adopting their terms, I had already
learned that there are "elephant"
beggars In Ceylon, and "elephant"
liars as well. Even supposing that
my host's estimate was three-fourths
too high, I know of no other city of
that day which contained 2,500,000
Ceylon is '.he garden spot of the
world. What wonder that the Tamils,
who lived on that dry, hard strip of
southern India across the strait from
the island, were always jealous of their
prosperous neighbors? Repeated and
often successful attacks from the
mainland partly explain why the
northeastern end of Ceylon Is literal
ly full of buried, forgotten and ruined
War Makes John Bull Sociable.
War Is making the British public
sociable. Travelers, who in times of
peace would occupy the same com
partments for hours at a time without
exchanging a word, now start conver
sations without an introduction. This
sudden breaking loose from the Vic
torian spirit of reserve and aloftness
has caused the Times to comment edi
torially on the change, which it calls
one of the minor results of the war.
He first confesses:
"Most of us In normal circumstances
go on a railway Journey as we go to a
barber's, with a prayer for silence In
our hearts, and at the first sign ot
loquacity, we take refuge behind a
rampart of newspaper."
But now he finds it "ludicrously
solemn" to sit mutely for hours, look
ing straight through the fellow crea
ture opposite, and concludes. In be
half of friendly Intercourse between
"If we only have the honesty to ad
mit it to ourselves, the sense ot hav
ing done our duty In being friendly
and pleasant (Ives a comfortable lit-
cities. Anuradhapura was built, de
stroyed and rebuilt half a dozen
times, Since the twelfth century It
has been a complete ruin,
Palace Had 900 Rooms.
The Brazen palace, with its nine
floors, a hundred rooms to a floor,
rusted on sixteen hundred roughly
cut stone pillars. Probably the super
structure was brick, wood and thatch.
The Singhalese were not skillful In
the use of stone. To them stone was
merely a substitute for wood. They
did not understand the prlnclplo ot
the arch, They hewed out a stone
beam as they would have shaped a
tree trunk and employed It In the
same way. The Brazen palace was
destroyed by fire a few years after It
was first erected. It was immediate
ly rebuilt, destroyed many times
more In the course of Its history, and
now Is marked only by this forest ot
upright, broken and fallen pillars In
Tlssa, a great king ot the pre-Christian
ere, Introduced Buddhism Into
the land. He erected a great temple,
the Mahapall almshouse, the ruins of
which bave been almost entirely ob
literated, and planted the slip from
the original bo tree,
This tree Nourished to the same ex
tent as did the new religion and the
city which afforded It a home. The
Thuparama dagaba, a huge mauso
leum and shrine for the left collar
bone of Buddha, the oldest building
In Ceylon now a high mound of Bod-
covered brick, with trees growing half
way up the slope is a witness to the
enthusiasm of Tlssa and to his ambi
tious plans. In its ruins it stands
250 feet high and 350 feet in diame
ter at the base. Originally it was a
hundred feet higher than now. '
Two Kinds of Ruins.
Generally speaking, there are two
kinds of ruins to be seen in Anura
dhapura the vlhara and tho dagaba.
The viharas, or palaces, are com
pletely fallen. Only their founda
tions remain. There is a typical group
of these ruins scattered among the
trees out near the ancient Thupa
rama dagaba. Five palaces were
grouped together, evidently as parts
of a single monastic establishment.
The beautifully molded slabs of gran
ite which composed the foundations
are, for the most part, still in their
The dagabas, owing to their solid
construction, are In a fair state of
preservation. At first they remind
one of the pyramids, although they
are conical in shape, rising from the
plain 200 to 300 feet in height. Tho
Interior of them is brick, packed to
gether without mortar. The relio
which each one contained was placed
In the very center 6t the mound, and
well protected. In some mysterious
way the exterior of these dagabas
became covered with soil, and now
they look merely like grass-covered
Standing amid these ancient ruins,
under the welcome shade of the jun
gle, one has only to conjure up In im
agination the forms of these huge
structures, and see them in their
original brilliant colors to realize that
Anuradhapura In Its pristine gradeur
must have been a veritable dream
tie glow at the heart which more than
compensates for an occasional bad
Early in the war It was announced
that one German general, in actrve
service, had ten sons at the front.
Something very close to this record
is now reported from France, where
ten brothers from La Vendee region
are with the colors. Another remark
able case is that of Francois Vouillon,
of Douzy-le-Natlonal, France, who has
eight sons and two sons-in-law in the
French army. Of these one son and
one son-in-law have already been
killed In battle.
If Arms Are Too Fat
If the arm is too fat, rigorous mas
sage will help to reduce; but should
be supplemented by active exercises.
To massage the arm, grasp with the
open band, near the shoulder; and,
treating it as If It were a wet sheet
lifted from the washtub, twist the
flesh with a wringing motion. Oo
over the entire arm In this way sev