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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TITE SUNDAY OREGONIAX, PORTLAND, JUNE 25, 1923
FREED BY JURORS
tlment as expounded in the presence
of the allied' leaders, sounded a new
note in behalf of international recon
ciliation. He praised him for hav
ing pointed out a path wihich would
lead to the world's economic res
toration. Dr. Rathenau was guest at dinner
last night of Alanson B. Houghtoij,
the American ambassador. On re
ceiving news of the assassination of
the foreign minister this morning,
the American embassy promptly
lowered Its flag to half mast.
Dr. Walter Rathenau was styled
the "wizard of the German empire,"
because, by. his high power of or
ganization and business efficiency,
he devised expedients which kept
"the people eating and the army
shooting" when the blockade had
shut off the importation of raw
materials during the war. After the
war, as minister of reconstruction,
his meetings with the French min
ister, Louis Loucheur, brought
SAVE VIENNA, SAYS
Verdict Is Returned After
Hour and 35 Minutes!
American Tourists Asked to
Come to Rescue.
CASE BEGUN YEAR AGO
OLD CAPITAL TOTTERING
At Popular Prices
Cheers Shake Rafters of Ancient
3ourthouse When Result Is
Announced to Defendant.
City Once Among World's Ricbv
est in Charm and Art Treas
ure Now Faces Ruin.
(about with businesslike directness
WATTKEGAN. 111,. June 24. (By
the Associated Press.) Governor
Len Small today was found not
guilty by a jury in the Lake county
circuit court, where he was tried on
charges of conspiracy to embezzle
interest on public moneys while
serving as state treasurer. The Jury
was out 1 hour and 35 minutes.
Cheers that shook the rafters of
the ancient Lake county courthouse
greeted the verdict. Friends by
scores poured through the gate to
the bar lnclosure, seeking to grasp
the governor's hands. The flash
lights of a half dozen photographers
boomed and for minutes pandemo
The case against Governor Small
started nearly a year ago with an
Investigation by the Sangamon
county grand Jury at Springfield.
The grand Jury on July 20 laBt re
turned indictments against Governor
Small, Lieutenant-Governor Sterling
and Vernon Curtis, a banker of
Grant Park, 111., and brother of the
lata Senator Curtis.
Four Indictment Returned.
There were originally four Indict
ments. The first charged the three
defendants jointly with embezzling
$700,000. The second charged Gov
ernor Small alone with embezzling
$500,000 while state treasurer. The
third charged Lieutenant-Governor
Sterling with embezling $700,000
while state treasurer. The fourth
charged the three defendants jointly
with conspiracy and operating a con
fidence game involving $2,000,000 of
On July 21 the governor an
nounced he would refuse to BUbmit
to arrest and claimed immunity be
cause of his official position. The
following day the indictments were
returned in court and the governor
and his fellow defendants were
given three days' grace after his
attorneys had presented a plea for
immunity, claiming among other
things that the chief executive was
exempt from prosecution during his
term of office under the old mon
archlal doctrine that the king can
do no wrong. July 26 Judge Smith
overruled the immunity plea and
declared the governor must stand
Indictments Are Dismissed.
On December 29 Judge Edwards
dismissed all charges except that
of conspiracy to defraud the state
by false pretenses and the indict
ment charging the governor with
embezzlement of $500,000 during his
term as state treasurer, and ordered
the case to trial on the latter in
dictment. The state objected and
rather than try this indictment be
fore the conspiracy case dismissed
it also, leaving only tha conspiracy
charge on record.
Legal Jockeying, motions for de
lays for various reasons, arguments
over the state's bill of particulars
and other matters continued for
several weeks. Judge Edwards
granted Mr, Curtis a separate trial
and the governor was left to go to
trial alone. Finally, just nine
weeks ago, the trial actually
Loans Under Fire.
The essence of the state's charges
was that the governor- while state
treasurer conspired with Senator
Curtis to lend state funds to Chicago
packers on short-term notes paying
aa high as 8 per cent interest, of
which only 2 per oent was alleged
to have been paid to the state.
Through an alleged fictitious
bank $29,000,000 in state funds was
lent to the packers, it was charged,
and through renewals of notes the
total packers' loans reached $62,
000,000 between April, 1917, and
January, 192L The interest not ac
counted for, it was charged, totalled
between $1,500,000 and $2,000,000.
The governor's defense, as out
lined in the closing arguments, was
that the state funds be in liquid se
curities so that large sums could
be obtained quickly to meet ex
penses incident to war-time prepar
ations. Not one cent of the profits
of the Grant Park bank, the al
leged fictitious institution, ever
went to the governor, the- defense
adjustments and accommodations
which had been the des-pair of diplo
mats. Great Vision Possessed.
He was of Jewish biirth and wa
described as a roan of great force
and energy, business acumen and
vision. His father founded the Ger
man General Electric company of
As foreign minister. Dr. Rathenau
was a leading figure among the
German delegates at the Genoa con
ference. Dr. Rathenau's prominence at
Genoa came rather from what he
accomplished outside the conference
than in it. The Genoa body had
been In session only a few days
when the startling announcement
came on April 17 that as German
foreign minister he had signed at
Rapallo a treaty between Germany
and soviet Russia.
News of the signing of this pact,
which has gone down in history as
the treaty of Rapallo, broke like a
bombshell among the Genoa con
ferees and came within an ace of
breaking up the conference. The
treaty, which was a general agree
ment of amity and ootmroerce be
tween the two nations, gave full
recognltUHi to the soviet regime and
drew out a strong protest from the
Dr. Rathenau was born September
29, 1867, Hiis earlier active life waa
confined almost exclusively to busi
ness, the exigencies of the war alone
calling him ,tnto politics.
MASSACRE PLOT REPORTED
Monarchists Declared to Be Ready
to Kill Many Republicans.
BT ARNO DOSCH-FLEUROT.
(Copyright. 1922, by the New York
Worid. Published by Arrang-eiment.)
Civil Case to Be Tried.
CHICAGO, June 24. (By the As
sociated Press.) The acquittal of
Governor Small will have no effect
on the civil suit for the collection
of Interest on state funds which
the state maintains Governor Small
has failed to turn over to the treas
ury, Attorney-General Brundage said
this afternoon when informed of the
verdict acquitting the governor.
DR. 1 RATHENAU KILLED
(Continued Prom First Page.)
attempts to pacify the bellicose dep
uties, had to give up the task.
The uproar was primarily aimed
at Helfferich, whom the socialists
and communists wanted to force out
of the chamber through cries of
After long and riotous scenes in
the early part of the session Pres
ident Loebe's pursuasiveness induced
partial quiet and the memorial pro
ceedings were begun. They were
not without vicious Interruption
from the "left side of the chamber,
Tribute Paid Minister.
"This seat," said the president,
pointing to Dr. Rathenau's place on
the government bench "would not
be vacant today had It not been for
the boundless inflammatory agita
tion directed against the heads of
the government." This remark was
addressed to the right side of the
He paid Dr. Rathenau a moving
tribute for his unselfish devotion to
the cause of the republic and his
speech evoked loud cries of "Long
JiTi the republic," in wihich the gal
leries joined.. -
Chancellor Wirth, who followed,
could hardly make Ms voice carry
beyond the first few rows of seats.
He was visibly moved, for rthe loes
of Dr. Rathenau is a distinctly per
sonal matter with him. The foreign
minister was known to have been
more than a mere cabinet colleague
he was the driving force in poll
dies for which the chancellor was
given the credit and the foreign
minister was generally viewed as
the chancellor s coach.
Work at Genoa Recalled.
Dr. Wirth recalled Rathenau's
work at Genoa, expressing tfo con
viction that the dead ministers sen.
BERLIN, June 24. (Special
Cable.) Foreign Minister Walther
Rathenau was murdered by mon
archist assassins while going from
his Grunewald villa to a cabinet
meeting at 1:50 o'clock this morn
ing. The three assassins waited in an
automobile until the foreign min
ister had left his home in his car.
Before he had gone 100 yards they
passed him and opened fire with au
tomatic pistols. Dr. Rathenau's
body slumped back against the
cushions and the cigar dropped
from his mouth as his murderers
drove off rapidly.
Rumors of monarchist demon
strations set for the summer solstice
today had long been current. It
has been declared that lists of
proscribed republicans had been
prepared and that a second St.
Batholemew's massacre was planned.
Consequently the government's
first act when informed of Dr.
Rathenau's murder waa to an
nounce its plan for dealing with the
A decree declaring a state of
emergency in Prussia and setting
up special courts for the trial of
monarchist conspirators was is
sued. All military and other reac
tionary demonstrations are pro
Dr. tatnenau s murderers were
obviously not common thugs, wit
nesses say. They were typical
young Prussians and It Is possible
one of them was a woman. All
three were dressed in gray leather
jackets and caps.
Apparently their plans had been
well considered. Thev chose a snot
near the foreign minister's home t ln&
which is little freouen.ted. Then, as I this
Dr. Rathenau approached, two of
them opened fire. .
Several shots were fired into the
minister's body and hand grenades
were thrown into his car, splinters
of which struck him in the head,
The murderers had not stopped
their cai. and now they put on ex
tra speed and dashed away. Police
almost immediately set ont in pur
suit, but quickly lost the trail, and
tonight were without a clew. It
has been established that the car
used by the assassins had no num
ber. All Germany has been looking
forward with eagerness or dread to
today. The gradually accumulating
monarchist movement planned its
demonstration to begin at mid
summer and it is common talk that
there would be an attempted mon
archist coupe next Wednesday.
The political atmosphere has been
unnatural for many days and a sort
of midsummer madness has been In
the air. All indications pointed to
Then the monarchists who had
been attacking the Wirth govern
ment for not defying the entente on
the reparation demands concen
trated their efforts in an unusually
violent attack during the last two
days. These culminated yesterday
in the particularly violent onslaught
by Karl Helfferich, monarchist
leader In the reichstag.
He practically called Chancellor
Wirth an d Dr. Rathenau traitors.
and it is presumed he timed his at
tack to be a part of the reaction
ary demonstrations arranged for
The day had hardly begun and
the cabinet was about to prepare a
rebuttal of the attacks upon the re
public when the. news that Dr.
Rathenau had been shot while on
his way to the meeting electrified
the country, already expecting and
prepared for trouble.
BT MAXIMILIAN HARDEN, '
Germany's Foremost Publicist.
(Copyright, 1922, by The Oregonlan.)
BERLIN, June 24. (Special Ca
ble.) If 3,000,000 Americans would
lend Austria $10 apiece against notes
receivable for tourist expenses' dur
ing the next three years the begin
ning of the Austrian financial re
habilitation would be rendered easier
and her scenery and charming cul
ture saved. Not three, but ten mil
lion Americans might do this, but if
this plan of mine fails then some
other means must be found of sav
ing Vienna, one of the world's rich
est cities In charm and art treas
ures, which now is threatened with
The recent decline of the Aus
trian crown has, as usual, revived
agitation for union with Germany.
This feeling is comprehensible, for
Austria once was a great eountry,
extending from Saxony to the Bal
kans, with rich agricultural and in
dustrial regions, as well as Bohemia
and Galicia's coal and oil, Trieste's
shipping and the oriental trade
through the Serbian provinces. To
day a citizen of Austria finds him
self a resident of a dwarf state,
whose head, Vienna, i3 almost as
large as its body, with all raw ma
terials lacking, and incapable of
People Sow Impoverished.
It is remarkable that this amiable
and peaceful people, whose life
used to be a long delirium of joy,
wine, waltzes, color and wit, have
survived these last few years. Do
you realize that the dollar, worth
5 crowns before the war, today is
worth 21,000? Tou can see what Im
poverishment this means. Also you
can see why the Austrian hates the
St. Germain treaty, which, he thinks,
created these conditions.
There existed even before the war
a strong party desiring union with
the German fatherland to save Ger
man culture from the Slav-Magyar
mixtures, but their plans were
thwarted by the Hapsburg dynasty
and the church. The first pillar has
rstted, but the second remains firm.
The church has not clung to the
ruins, but has quietly concluded
peace or an armistice with democ
racy even socialism and has suc
ceeded so far that the clever priest,
Seipel, is chancellor.
Among the masses the desire for
union with Germany has increased,
for while they don't like the Prus
sians they get along well with
Nothing like it ever given to the
Portland Music Lovers
HEAR THE BOY WHO SINGS
SIX TONES ABOVE THE PIANO
And the Wonderful
"Whitney Boys" of Oregon
Multnomah Field (Today) Sunday,
June 25, at 3 P.M. ,
Jeffrey, who was chairman of the
republican state convention.
Acknowledging greetings of the
convention. Secretary Christian
"The president is more than grate
ful to you for your generous mes
sage of June 10. He appreciates the
invitation which you are good
enough to extend to him and will be
glad to keep your wishes in mind.
He is hopeful that the condition of
public business will make it possible
for him to visit the Pacific coast,
as you suggest."
MR. KIRK TO GO EAST
STOLEN SERMONS FDON
MINISTER RECOVERS GRIPS
THAT THIEF TOOK.
Oregon City School Superintend
ent to Attend Convention.
' OREGON CITY,, Or,, June 24.
(Special.) R. W. Kirk, superin
tendent of the Oregon City schools,
will leave iSunday night for Boston,
Mass., as a delegate to the conven
tion of the National Education As
sociation July 2. He is one of the
five delegates from this state.
While in the east Mr. Kirk will
visit his mother and sister at Bos
ton, and his mother will accompany
him back to Oregon City where she
will pass the winter. Mr. Kirk also
plans to attend summer school at
Harvard where he will take special
work In Bchool administration. He
will return about August 1.
Y) .. -J .. .. ,t Ki n a
respect Prussian efficiency. There-EVEREST DEFIES BRAVEST
lore, .tney tninK union is tucn umj
chance of salvation. The treaties
forbid such a union because it would
encircle Czecho-Slovakia and would
constitute a threat to Poland, Rou
mania, Jugo-Slavia and, indirectly,
Italy and France. The peacemakers
forgot something they should have
known that forbidden fruit is al
ways the most attractive.
Principle Held Violated.
Everyone must admit that this
clause violates the principle of self
determination for the Germanic
races. It is not surprising that a
once great people do not like being
treated as chattels and desire to
show themselves capable of resist-
injustice, but unfortunately
sentiment has been used by
demagogic nationalists as a means
of stirring up violent opposition to
peace treaties and no politician seek
ing re-election dares resist tne de
mand to oppose it.
While German student clubs and
rifle societies celebrate a day of
union, prudent reflection teaches
that Germany with her impover-
shed mark cannot save Austria with
her billions of currency unbacked
by gold, and it is also doubtful
whether Austrian industry could
withstand German competition. Our
encouragement of Austria in think
ing herself unable to be self-supporting
is unpardonable, for Austria
can live if she utilizes her extraor
dinary waterpower, her industrial ef
ficiency, her great artistic spirit
and develops her tourist industry
and -the like.
The stupidest treaty cannot pre
vent German culture from spread
ing nor hinder Germany and Aus
tria working together, like Canada
and the United States, despite the
frontiers. The first sign of Aus
tria's recovery from her futile illu
sions is the establishment of the
new treasury bank designed to cover
paper issues with gold and foreign
bills, but she needs the help of the
world to get started, and that Is
why, myself, I hope Americans who
desire to preserve delightful Vienna
as the world's beauty spot will come
OLD RECTORf TO CLOSE
SPECIAL COURTS ORDERED
Regimental Reunions and Other
BERLIN, June 24. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Following the . i
sassination of Foreign . Minister
Rathenau it was announced this
afternoon that the government im
mediately would decree the estab
lishment of extraordinary courts for
the trial of nationalist plotters and
would proclaim a state of emer
gency for Prussia.
All regimental reunions or mill
taristic demonstrations will be pro
Anthracite Coal Tax Upheld.
PHILADELPHIA, June 24.' The
Pennsylvania supreme court today
declared constitutional the legisla
tive act of 1921 taxing anthracite
coal 1 per cent of its value at the
Whltnsy Chorus , today. Popular
prices, 25c, 50c, TSo. 3 P. iL today.
Attempt to Reach Summit Is Be
LONDON, June 24.. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) An Evening News
dispatch from Calcutta today says
the Mount Everest expedition may
be abandoned. The third and final
attempt to reach the summit, the
message says, added only 100 feet
to the record.
No further progress is expected,
adds the dispatch, as all the explor
ers are-Incapacitated owing to hard
ships, and it is believed the whole
party is returning to Darjeeling.
Estate to Recover Money.
ROSE BURG, Or., June 24. (Spe
cial.) Deciding that William H.
Gray, now deceased, was not of a
disposing mind when he was alleged
to have made a donation of more
than $6-00 to the Hall sanitarium at
Sutherlin, Judge Hamilton today
ordered the money turned back to
the heirs. Gray was a patient at
the sanitarium before his death and
placed $1068 in trust with Dr. HalL
The heirs on probating the will de
manded that this money be turned
over, but Dr. Hall protested, holding
that a portion of it went for medical
attention and funeral expenses and
that the remainder was a gift to the
Oregon City Boy Gets Radio Job.
OREGON CITY, Or., June 24.
(Special.) George Hollingsworth,
son of Mr. and Mrs. A. O. Hollings
worth of Gladstone, who has been
taking a course In radio at the' Y.
M. C. A. school in Portland, received
a government position as radio oper
ator on the Columbia river light
vessel. Hollingsworth left for his
station Thursday morning. This op
erator graduated from the Oregon
City high school in 1921.
Read TheOregonian classified ads,
Ministerial Garb Also Is Returned
- to Rev. John H. Evert Loot
Left in Another Auto.
Ministerial garb and sermons had
no attraction for the thief who took
two suitcases from the automobile
of Rev. John T. Evert of Clatskanie
during the Rose Festival parade on
Friday. The two grips, with con
tents intact, were recovered yes
terday. Rev. Mr. Everts and his family,
returning -from a camp meeting,
stopped in Portland to view the
Rose Festival parade. The two
suitcases, containing practically the
entire wardrobe of the clergyman,
in addition to the "Book of Ser
mons" by Talma&ge, were tied to
the side of the minister's car. The
thief simply cut the ropes and made
off with the suitcases.
Yesterday J. H. Brown of New
berg called at headquarters and de
posited the two grips on the coun
ter. He explained that he had found
them In his auto, which was parked
near the scene of the theft, and
thinking that they had been placed
there by Newberg f rien&s, took them
home last night. When he could,
not locate the owner he returned
the two grips to police headquar
ters. The property will be forward
ed to Rev. Mr. Evert.
The thief, police officials said,
after examlniing the contents of the
suitcases and having no use for
sermons or ministerial ; accouter-
ments, threw the suitcases in Mr.
If It if . v iv lit fl ' r
" r 1
Time for the Fourth!
WIDOWS LEAD AS BRIDES
Three, 17 -Year-Old Girls Among
Maids Wedded in Vancouver.
VANCOUVER, Wash., June 24.
(Special.) Widows seem to be more
popular in marriage than maidens,
from the records of the county aud
itor's office for the last few days.
Today 10 couples were married and
of this number six had been married
before. One was 17 years old and
had been divorced after her husband
deserted her. A few days ago 15
marriage licenses were issued, and
of those nine were widows.
Three girls, all 17 years old, were
Frederick Pitcher, 60 year old, and
Mrs. Carolina Maynard, 49, were
FLAG MAY BE VOTED ON
Republican Colors Are Boycotted
and Imperial Ones Hoisted.
BERLIN, June 24. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Systematic boycot
ting of Germany's new black, red
and gold republican flag has
reached such a stage that a refer
endum on the question of returning
to the old standard is regarded as
likely in the course of the present
year. If recent demonstrations may
be regarded as a criterion of public
comes right -when men and young men are looking for smart
looking, breezy, fine wearing apparel. These suits and the other fine
clothes included in this sale were made to sell at $40, $45 and $50
they're ALL WOOL, perfectly tailored and superior in every way.
A Wide Assortment to Choose From
328-330 WASHINGTON ST.
Just Below Broadway
Initiating the balloting will be lib
In Berlin the inclination has been
to hoist the old imperial colors or
the Prussian 'black and white in
preference to the republican flag.
Anti-Alien Petitions Out.
EUGENE, Ot., June 24. (Special.)
Petitions for the proposed anti
alien land ownership measure, fath
ered by the American Legion of Ore
gon, are in circulation in this city.
A quota of 700 names allotted to
this county is expected to be ob
tained in a few days, according to
members of the local post of the
legion having It in charge.
Half Acre of Berries Nets $95.
OREGON CITY, Or., June 24.
(Special.) From a half acre of land
on Prospect avenue, Oregon City,
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Harris have har
vested strawberries during the last
two weeks which sold for $95, be
sides using a large quantity for
their own consumption.
Boys Escape State School.
SALEM, Or., June 24. (Special.)
Salem police today were requested
to assist In a search ror uan uusier,
15. and Albert Surer. 15, who this
morning made their escape from the
Battle Ground Lake
18 miles north of Vancouver, Wash.
Good road, paved for 16 miles. Easy
ride from Portland. Jj'ree camping
Fine bathing, canoeing,
dancing, pool hall, confectionery
store, light lunches. An ideal place
tr. on nutinc a. Miller, manager.
sentiment the proposed petition for Battle Ground. Wash.
Noted Broadway Institution
Driven Out of Business. j
NEW YORK, June 24. The semi
secret little restaurants where drinks
and gaiety are still on tap for the
Initiate have driven the Hotel Clar:
Idge, long a Broadway institution,
out of business, L. M. Boomer, its
president, announced today.
"The Claridge once the famous
Rectors, having been built by
Charles E. Rtector of Chicago will
put up its shutters August 1."
Mr. Boomer's announcement at
tributed the downfall of the Clar
idge to "the unequal enforcement of
the Volstead act by prohibition
The Claridge, overlooking Long
acre square, in the heart of the
"white-Light" district, has been the
hau.t of famous theatrical and
moving picture stars for years. It
was built in 1912.
WESTERN TRIP DESIRED
President Declared to Be "Hope
ful" of Visit This Summer,
SPOKANE, Wash., June 24.
President Harding is "hopeful" of
visiting the Pacific northwest this
summer, according to a letter re
ceived from George B. Christian,
Jr., secretary to the president, t by
United States Attorney Frank ( R;
Send Rose Festival Oregonians
TO YOUR OUT-OF-TOWN FRIENDS
For twenty-five cents, copies of THE OREGONIAN from June 21 to June 25,
including the BIG SUNDAY OREGONIAN (over 100 pages), will be sent to any
address in the United States, postage prepaid.
Use the accompanying blank and enclose twenty-five cents for each order and
send to The Oregonian, Portland, Or.
NAME STREET TOWN STATE
state industrial school for boys.
Both youths were dressed in regu
lation uniforms when they made
River Crossing Proposed.
SALEM, Or., June 24. (Special.)
Permission to construct a combined
overhead railway and river crossing
over Mary's river and the Yaquina
today was asked of the public serv
nce commission by the state high
Negro Confesses; Hanged.
HOUSTON, Tex.. June 24. Warren
Lewis, 18, negro, was hanged at
New Dacus, Montgomery county,
yesterday after confessing to a
mob of 300 persons that ne naa at
tacked a young white woman living
branch of the Southern Pacific rail- near the city, according to word
wo? near Bioagett, nenton county, received here.
Service ? that's the Secret the fastest
finishing work on the Pacific Coast! Four-and-one-half
hours and your negatives
and prints are done ! Three deliveries
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coast. Quality work in Quantity lots at
Quantity Savings ! Save our coupons ; $2.50
in finishing work done here will entitle you
to a beautiful ten-inch, hand-colored en
largement. OUR GUARANTEE
Bring us your negatives for re-prints and
if our prints are not better than the original
ones they will not cost you one cent!
Morrison at Third
Washington near Fifth
Broadway and Stark
Washington at Eleventh
PORTLAND'S PROGRESSIVE DRUGGISTS