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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAX, PORTLAND, . JUNE 25, . 1923
IRISH CRISIS LIKELY
TO GDI QUICKLY
Show-Down Is Expected Be
tween Two Factions.
PEOPLE LONG FOR PEACE
flection Declared to Prove That
Militaristic Party Is but
BY G. A. GARDINER,
Britaln'B Greatest Liberal Editor.
(Copyright, 1U22, by The Oregonian.)
LONDON, June 24. (Special Cable.)
American public sentiment should
not be misled by the terrible events
in London this week end. What
the result of the assassination will
be I cannot say, but it is important
to understand that the. great ma
jority of the people deplore murder
and desire peace.
I do not wish to exaggerate the
important result of the Irish elec
tion. There still are difficult
waters to navigate, made even more
difficult by this terrible crime, but
the most perilous position has been
safely negotiated. Whatever the
dangers to be faced the result of the
election emphatically makes clear
that the people themselves desire
peace and are prepared to accept
Never have I doubted that this
was their feeling. The common
interests of the two countries are
. so great that given self government
and with Dublin Castle rule re
moved hostilities are bound to disap
pear "and a sensible working agree
ment develop. The irreconcilables
in both countries are small in num
ber. Election Is Decisive.
The real question in the election
was not whether the supporters of
peace were in the majority but
whether the advocates of terrorism
, would overawe them, indeed whether
elections could be conducted at all.
The resul't has been decisive on this
point. It was not merely a strik
ing victory for the treaty, but a
striking victory for the influences
of order. The people voted freely
and no serious case of violent in
terference was experienced. The ar
gument of force received a crush
ing blow. The electors missed hard
ly an opportunity to reject the ad
vocates of violence.
The overwhelming defeat of Mal
lows, secretary of the Four Courts
and an army executive, must be con
sidered significant. He was at the
bottom of the poll in Galway. The
Dublin verdict was a smashing blow
to physical force.
England Is Relieved.
The result of the election produced
a. feeling of relief in England. But
I repeat, we cannot exaggerate the
importance. It is good so far as it
goes, but the minority, routed at
the polls, still is dangerous and
desperate. It will resist to the last
xtremity. It will hold the Four
Courts by violence. The question
lu whether the seat of power is at
the Four Courts or in the chamber
of deputies; whether arms or' votes
will decide the fate of Ireland.
The militaristic section of irrecon
Cilibles favor the establishment of
jnllitary dictatorship. .The ques
tion now is whether the smashing
reuult of the election will lead them
to attempt a coup d'etat to over
throw the government and set up
military rule or will moderate them
by showing the powerful tide of
public opinion. It is hard to say.
Personally, in view of the intensity
of passion that prevails, I, anticipate
a challenge of force. Tfie present
situation cannot continue. If parlia
mentary government is to continue
the courts of justice cannot be left
in the control of an armed power
hostile to the government.
De Valera Causes Worry.
Whether De Valera will attempt a
coup or will control his irreconcil
ables is a cause of great anxiety
here. If the chamber of deputies can
hold its ground against the preach
ers of violence the prospects will
be hopeful. Ireland, having accepted
the fundamental principles of tne
constitution by a huge majority, the
details should be possible of ar
rangement, but if the treaty is to be
fought out on the streets of Dublin
by an armed minority overriding the
constitutional declaration of the peo
ple, it is difficult to forecast the
This danger is increased by the
attitude of Belfast, where the Or
angemen would welcome the tri
umph of physical force as compel
ling England again to essay the re
conquest of Ireland. A powerful but
small group of firebrands in Eng
land is working ceaselessly to the
same end. Thus there is a devil's
circle of evil Influences.
Decision Expected Soon.
The wild men of the free state
play Into the hands of the wild men
of Ulster and they into the hands
of the wild men of England. Mean
while the decent, law-abiding mass
of sensible people in both countries
want trade and to be at peace.
The key of the situation is Dub
lin. Can the chamber defend its con
stitutional idea and the rule of the
majority? Events soon will show.
BROTHER OF JOHN D. STJC
CCMBS TO PNEUMONIA.
Severe Cold Is Contracted and
Drenching Rains Bring About
Climax in Ailment.
TARRY TOWN, N. Y., June 24.
(By the Associated Press.) William
Rockefeller, oil magnate and brother
of John D. Rockefeller, died here
today from pneumonia shortly be
fore 7 o'clock.
Mr. Rockefeller had been ill at his
home, Rockwood Hall, North Tarry
town, since Sunday, but word of his
condition was not made public.
Mr. Rockefeller, who contracted a
heavy cold during the rains of the
last week end, had just completed
building a $250,000 mausoleum in
the Sleepy Hollow cemetery. The
mausoleum was constructed accord
ing to his own plans and under his
Mr. Rockefeller, who was 81 years
old, had not recently been active In
business, although he was active
head of the Standard Oi! company
of New York from its establishment
in 1865 until 1911. Although some
what overshadowed by his elder
brother, John D. Rockefeller, Wil
liam was one of the richest men In
None of his Wall street associates
have ventured an estimate of his
fortune, but it was generally be
lieved that he had between 1100,
000,000 and $250,000,000 concentrated
in various Standard Oil companies,
Anaconda Copper, Consolidated Gas.
Brooklyn Union Gas, St. Paul and
National City Bank.
Friday Mr. Rockefeller complained
of not feeling well, but the follow
ing day he insisted on going out and
was drenched in a heavy shower.
Sunday his cold gave his family con
cern and pneumonia quickly set in.
During the week relatives were
summoned. ' '
Mr. Rockefeller began to sink rap
idly yesterday morning, but rallied
about 6 o'clock last night. Later
came another sinking spell.
Physicians and surgeons, fortified
with all the resources of science,
kept a night watch but it was ob
viously a losing fight.
John D. Rockefeller remained at
his home in Poeantico Hills but was
kept constantly informed of his
brother's condition. He reached
Rockwood Hall a few minutes after
the end came.
At the deathbed were Mr. Rocke
feller's two daughters and two sons.
Mrs. Rockefeller died about two
DECREE IS AWARDED TO
MRS. HELEN LEITXER.
Millionaire Husband Said to Have
Wielded Revolver and to
Have Threatened Life.
CHICAGO, June 24. Mrs. Helen
Leitner of Chicago has received a
divorce from Frank C. Leitner,
wealthy mine owner and ranchman
of Miles Cty, Mont., after she had
testified before Circuit Judge Lynch
that her husband once had pointed a
revolver at her and threatened to
kill her. The incident, she said, oc
curred at their ranch home, where
they had gone following a separa
tion. "A ranch house is a terribly lonely
place to livo in if one has been
brought up in the city," Mrs. Leitner
said, adding that her husband, who,
she said, owned more than $1,000,000
in copper company stock and several
thousand acres of land, often left
her to spend as much as a week at a
time at a club in Miles City.
Mrs. Leitner said she left her hus
band in September, 1920, but re
turned to Miles City in July, 1921,
to appear as a witness in some liti
gation. It was then, she said, that
her husband induced her to accom
pany him to the ranch and there,
6he alleged, drew a revolver and de
clared he intended killing her and
"Go ahead, shoot," she said she
told him, and then he dropped the
weapon. Mrs. Leitner said that
shortly afterward she returned to
Chicago and later started suit for
DRY AGENTS SUSPENDED
Raiders Unable to Find Liquor
Charged With Insubordination.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 24. Three
federal prohibition agents were
suspended yesterday and further
action was hinted by S. F. Rutter,
federal prohibition director, result
ing from investigation of failure of
raiders to find liquor at places
where they were convinced it was
sold. Technical charges of "insub
ordination" were preferred against
James G. Pearce, Hal Emery and
Joe Krumhansl, who were sus
pended on orders from Washington
following, reports by Rutter.
Mr. Rutter stated that if the sus
pended agents were found innocent
of other charges than insubordina
tion they would be reinstated.
Advance information, federal
agents say, has made many raids
ineffective. An excursion to Sacra
mento a month ago,, planned to be
one of the biggest raids ever made
in California, fell far short of ex
pectations. $10,000,000 IS SOUGHT
University of Southern California
Campaign Is Launched.
LOS ANGELES, June 24. A cam
paign for a building and endowment
fund of $10,000,000 has been begun
here by the University of Southern
California. It is planned to form
a committee of 10,000 of the 60,000
Methodists in southern California
to conduct the campaign in the
southern part of the state. With
nearly 8000 students, the resources
of the university have been taxed
in the last year.
If the $10,000,000 is .obtained it is
planned to devote half of it to build
ings' and the other half to a perma
netn endowment fund.
CONGRESS TO GET LIGHT
Information and Counsel of De
partment Heads Promised.
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 24.
President Harding and members of
his cabinet were said yesterday at
the White House to be in entire
agreement with the proposal to al
low heads of departments! to speak
to congress on occasions when their
presence is desired or when they
have arguments to make.
The proposal was said to be grati
fying in every way to President
Harding and in the judgment of his
advisers putting it into effect would
expedite public business and con
tribute to the avoidance of friction
nf 7f fr When in Portland y fjjfft, ,
W 'W make the Multnomah jj ' $ r
W V our headquarters. M ? ' ' "
H There you are wel-
H come. i
BOOM FOR huson
Ex-Mayor Is Urged to Run
for Office Again.
WORLD TOUR JUST ENDED
Traveler to Be Guest at Banquet
at Congress Hotel Next
BY H. C. BURNETT.
(Copyright, 1022, by The Oregonian.)
CHICAGO, June 24. (Special.)
Carter H. Harrison, citizen of Chi
cago, five times mayor of the second
largest city of the United States, is
home after a 14 months' tour of the
world, and thereby brings a tale.
Chicago is giving him a welcome
such as it would if this city were
Cripple Creek in the '60s. That was
the spirit , of the homecoming.
Many people were saying: "Carter,
did you bring me any souvenirs
from Japan?" and "Oh, Carter, did
you get any of that good liquor on
the shipping board vessels?" and
"Rah for our next mayor!"
And there's the story. "Harrison
for mayor"; Harrison to knock the
Thompson crowd out of the city."
When they put on the banquet
in the gold room at the Congress
hotel Thursday night the clock will
go back 30 years.
Elite to Attend.
This dinner is going to be Just
about the finest sort of town .meet
ing that Chicago has had in years.
Speech-making and music , and ice
cream Just like other banquets from
which you've suffered. But at this
one everybody in town who is any
body is going to have a chair, a $5
chair that is, and it will be a fine
night for thieving in the suburbs
unless Charley Fitzmorris he's the
police chief who used to be Carter's
secretary has all his constables
keeping strict watch on the homes
of Chicago's por millionaires.
There'll be plenty of rich men at
the banquet, pretty near all of them,
in fact. But there'll be poor ones,
too. Someone who knows everyone
who should be known in Chicago
looked over the list of 1079 persons
who will crowd into the gold room,
and allowed as how he could see the
names of men who had to sweat for
what they earn with their hands,
as well as those who even have
somedy to clip their coupons.
Representative Crowd Invited.
Chicago Protestants, Chicago
Catholics, Chicago' Jews men will
be drinking Carter Harrisori's health
Thursday night who represent
everything Chicago has, from the
thin line that separates an expand
ing city from Evanston on the
north to the steel mills on the
south. Every shade of political
opinion will be holding down chairs.
too men who have fought Mr.
Harrison politically, men who have
fought with him. Carter is a demo
crat, if you don't already know that,
but as much soup will go down
republican throats as down demo
cratic. They're going to sing a welcome
home song, too, and wave flags and
toast the homecoming leading citi
zen with all the pure drinks that
Volstead has recommended. No one
is supposed to peep about the
mayoralty next spring. This is a
non-political, non-sectarian ban
quet, a hearty welcome home and
"no politics, boys."
Something May Start.
But some zealot is apt to get over
the chains and start things milling.
Chicago is acclaiming the return of
a leading citizen with all the fervor
of the grown-up email town all
cities are grown-up small towns,
but Chicago is buzzing with com
ment on politics.
Can an ex-champion in politics
come back? That's the question
that has this town on Lake Michigan
and the drainage canal by the ears.
Can Carter Harrison re-enter, the
political ring and sock his way into
undisputed claim for four years to
a desk on the fifth floor, city hall?
Coupled with that question is
another: Will Harrison accept the
nomination? And this is a question
that will have to be settled before
there can be any fancy footwork
in the ring. Mayoralty candidates
in Chicago are thick enough. On
the democratic side of the house
another candidate is born every
minute, but the old heads hereabouts
are telling the world that the nomi
nation will be Harrison's, if he'll
Demand Is Growing.
"And not only that; he'll have to
take it. We'll make him," declares
a growing army.
Mr. Harrison, on arriving in San
Francisco homeward bound, told
Interviewers he was coming home
to play with his grandchildren and
lead a peaceful life far removed
from main bouts on the political
card. What he wishes to do, how
ever, doesn't fit In with louder
speakers than he, and presently, the
wiseacres say, Mr. Harrison s pro
tests, if they continue, will be
drowned in shouts for "Harrison
The history of American munici
palities does not furnish a parallel
to the case of Carter Henry Harri
son and his father, Carter Henry
Harrison Sr. Both were mayor of
Chicago five terms. .. '. .
Father la Assassinated.
Carter Harrison Jr. was born in
Chicago, April 23, 1860. An assassin
slew his father October 28. 1893,
during the world's fair.
The son was first chosen mayor
in April, 1897, and he was elected
at each biennial election thereafter
until he had served four terms.
Retiring from politics In 1905, he
maintained no active connections
until 1907, - when he sought the
democratic nomination at the pri
maries and lost. He won the demo
cratic nomination in 1911 and was
elected for a four-year term.
WIFE ASKS 5100 1EKIY
HUSBAND DECLARED IN LOVE
WITH ANOTHER GIRL.
Charge Is Denied by Spouse, Who
Declares Letters Cited Were
Written as Joke.
NEW YORK, N. Y., June 24. With
the charge that her husband is in
fatuated with another young woman
and that endearing letters have
passed between them, Mrs. Elizabeth
D. Hicks applied for J 100 a
week alimony and reasonable coun
sel fee pending trial of her suit for
separation against Leroy C. Hicks,
a dentist of Great Neck, L. I.
Mrs. Hicks alleged that she and
her husband were happy until last
September. Then, she said, he be
came infatuated with a young
woman of an adjoining town. The
wife alleged that her husband once
wrote to this girl:
"My Dear: The fact remains, no
matter what the circumstances, that
I cannot help loving you, and it .will
not be long before I shall come for
you. Always, always, Roy."
Addressing Hicks as "darling
boy" the other girl was alleged to
have written to him as follows:
"Won't it be wonderful when we
can be together all the time? Every
time we meet we won't have to
think of parting to go home. It
really isn't 'home,' is it dear? My
home is wherever you are. I hate
to think of your going home to her
when you should be coming to me.
But it won't last much longer will
it, dear? You will take me away
with you soon, won't you? Your
Hicks denied his wife's charges.
He said the letters were fakes
planted by him where she would
find them, because she was jealous.
He declared that the girl referred
to by his wife was his office
VEGETARIAN WINS RACE
Chinese Diplomat Outlives Jap
anese Who Ate Meat.
NEW YORK, June 24. Dr. Wu
Ting Fang, Chinese diplomat, who
died today, did not live to be 125
years of age, as he said he would,
but he did outlive Marquis Okuma,
Japanese diplomat, who said he
Last year Dr. Wu, returning
from Japan, predicted he would not
die until he was 125 because he
was a vegetarian. At the same time
Okuma stated that without doubt
he would outlive Wu because he ate
beef, pork and fish as much as he
Okuma, who died at the age of
83, was buried in January of this
year, about six months before Dr.
Wu died. ,
PUGILIST GETS 14 YEARS
Slayer Who Says He Defended His
Sister Convicted of Murder.
CHICAGO, June 24. William
"Sailor" Friedman, pugilist, and
William "Red" Cohen, taxlcab
driver, yesterday were convicted of
murder and sentencea io i years
in the penitentiary.
The pair was tried for the murder
of Abe Rubin, who was shot in an
altercation in a saloon last April 9.
Friedman said his sister had been
The verdict caused a tumult in
"T that thn Indement for taking
care of my sister?" Friedman cried,
stretching his hands towara tne
Jurors as tears streamed down his
Veteran Named City Engineer.
HOOD RIVER, Or., June 24. (Spe
cial.) C. M. Hurlburt, overseas war
veteran, having been a captain in
charge of maintaining roads in
France, has been appointed city en
gineer, succeeding E. E. Newell, who
recently resigned. Mr. Hurlburt,
who has been engaged in highway
work for many years, having built
roads in Alaska, Oregon, Washing
ton, Idaho and Montana, will have
charge of the seven-eighths mile of
concrete market paving now being
constructed by the county 4ust south
of the city. He is owner of an
Oak Grove orchard place.
1 U Arrange All Details 1
Kj 5 ; a5fl Personal Interest in arranging all
B V ' Ti if ietails nothing is left undone! Even Ifl
H V'l ' -"iSSSl the smallest items in every funeral lm
HI Vyk, Mr lre personally taken care of. jb
H This high standard of service is IH
H 'fc.iii' maintained even in our funerals of J75. Ig
1 . INDEPENDENT i
1 "V. X FUNERAL 1
1 1 1
Do You Travel
in the Pullman
Hickey-Freeman garments are
shipped to me on hangers.
They travel in the Pullman, so to
speak, instead of in the day, coach!
This isn't because they are too fragile
to stand the punishment of ordinary
rough and tumble packing, but be
cause, even in their shipping depart
ment, Hickey-Freeman cannot for
an instant relax their exacting stand
ards of perfection;
Give me a chance on
your Summer wardrobe.
BEN SELLING AT FOURTH
Portland's Leading Clothier for Over Half a Century
OFFICERS ELECTED BY PUB
George E. Miller of Detroit News
President; San Francisco Man
NEW YORK, June 24. George B.
Miller of the Detroit News was
elected president of the newly
formed North American Newspaper
alliance at Its organization meeting
yesterday. Loring Pickering of the
San Francisco Bulletin was elected
vice-president and Ralph Pulitzer of
the New York World secretary
treasurer. The alliance, a mutual organiza
tion formed by ipmbllshers of news
papers in the larger cities of the
United States and Canada for the
acquisition and distribution of im
portant news features not handled
by press associations, starts with 53
memibers, H was announced, repre
senting nearly 100 newspapers, with
a total circulation of 7,300.000.
The fact that the list of jwupers
exceeds the number of meombers by
nearly two to one is due to a pro
vision permitting members to take
in as associates publishers of small
er papers in their respective terri
tories. A directing head for the organi
zation is to be named shortly and
the alliance is expected to begin
functioning in six or eight weeks.
The alliance, which is patterned
largely after the plan of the Asso
ciated Press, will have an executive
committee of five and a board of
directors of 15, elected regionally.
THIRD DEGREE IS CRIME
Supreme Court Holds Officers
Are Guilty When Method Used.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., June 24. (By
the Associated Press.) The "sweat
ing process" of obtaining confes-
sions of crime, sometimes called the
"third degree," was ruled out of
court, and policemen and sheriffs
guilty of such methods were de
clared themselves criminals by the
supreme court in a ruling handed
down in the case of the people jra.
"It is the duty of the trial Judge
In every case," the supreme court
ruled, "when he has reason to sus
pect that a confession has been ex
torted from the defendant, abso
lutely to refuse to permit any evi
dence as to the confession until the
state has examined every police of
ficer and every one present at such
examination, so that the full truth
may be disclosed."
TRIAL IS THREATENED
Portland Commission for Han
dling Livestock Is Investigated.
WASHINGTON, D. C June 24.
(Special.) Special investoi gators
have been detailed by Secretary of
Agriculture Wallace to inquire into
alleged exorbitant prices charged by
commission men for handling live
stock at Portland, Or., and a dozen
other leading stock markets. It is
complained that commission men axe
maintaining their wartime charges
despite the slump In the prices for
It Is also saiid that in keeping up
their old prices the commission men
have broken' a pledge made to the
department of agriculture to reduce
We have an
1 n t eresting
the I c e,"
d r i nk sug
WITH A BOQUET ALL ifj OWM
Trnwrnt wiwtHfjNecuAirTemM wmnmi fiftfe
am MtffjdKiitLFNoaruifCT cowmd MwMou ilyfj
PI fitMCS MDNNMIMf CMMttt IVBt MUfT ftfj
IhL THE CHURCH MFG. CO MjZ
IwiiwMi i r m nw mmt nwf rr itMtn awiHw r i ti rticfrAr r frinwa ii ma i
This Strohber Diminutive
piano is a complete, practical
instrument, yet it is only 43
inches high. Ideal for your
summer home. The price,
$350. As a player piano
550. Terms on either.
Ideal also to delight the
heart of a little girL Pic
tare it in her own room!
Sherman Jpay & Go
Sixth, and Morrison Street
SEATTLE TACOMA SPOKANB
their commissions. If the investi
gation discloses the conditions
charged. Secretary Wallace, it was
said today, will find a way to pro
ceed against the offenders under
the packer control act
PLANES TO FLY AT NIGHT
Powerful Lights to Guide New
York-Chicago Mail Flights.
WASHINGTON, D. C Juno 54. A
night-flying schedule on the trans
continental air mail route, either
between New York and Chicago or
between Chicago and Cheyenne, is
expected to be in operation before
the end of the next fiscal year, ac
cording to an announcement of plans
by Second Assistant Postimaster-
DRINK IT TO
That's the way to enjcy
CHURCH'S Grape Juice in a tall,
thin glass with ice and a straw.
Or in an ice cream soda or
lemonade; or fruit punch.
It's wonderful what you can do
with CHURCH'S in making home
drinks, ices, sherbets, desserts.
At Your Grocer's
CHURCH MFG. CO.
Hay & Co.
General Henderson. While the
New York-to-O.hicago run, from the
standpoint of expediting transcon
tinental mail, would be the best
upon which to Install the nlgh
schedule, geographical considera
tions, it was said, may lead to a
decision to make the night run from
Chicago to Cheyenne.
Plans contemplate the establish
ment of brilliantly lighted landing
fields at the air terminals, about
200 miles apart, with powerful bea
con lights every 25 miles to guide
the night flier to emergency land
The Oregonian publishes practi
cally all of the want ads printed In
the other three Portland papers. In
addition to thousands of exclusive
advertisements not printed in any
other local paper.