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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Pages 1 to 24
Nine Sections .
VOL. XLI NO. 25 Entered at Portland fOreson;
Postoffice as Second-class Matter
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 18, 1922
PRICE FIVE CENTS
BAD I7IAN OF OMAHA
FRED BROWN HOVERS B&
TYVEEX LIFE AND DEATH.
MR. PICKERING LEADS
RADIO CONCERTS SET
FOR FESTIVAL .WEEK
WEDDING OF PRINCE
IN SCHOOL ELECTION
HELD NOT FAR OFF
BOTH BOND ISSUE AND TAX
FIRST OF FOUR PROGRAMMES
EARLY BETROTHAL RUMORS
, LEVY ARE AHEAD. ..
. TO BE GIVEN TONIGHT.
. CUTS PROMISED
Kerrigan Gets Ready to
CLEVER FLANS ABE LAID
Reductions Held Certain Re
gardless of Data.
POLTTICS IS PLAYHD
Identity of Secretary-to-Be Is
Carefully Guarded House
Cleaning Is in Store.-
Reduction of telephone rates will
be ordered; restoration of the 5-cent
car fare in Portland will be ordered,
and Thomas M. Kerrigan will then
blossom out as an independent can
didate for state public service com
missioner against Thomas K. Camp
bell, republican nominee. That, on
pretty good authority, is the pro
gramme which the recallerS intend
Of course, the telephone company
and the Portland Railway, Light &
Power company will have a chance
to make an argument, but the deci
sion against these "soulless corpo
rations" is a foregone conclusion.
The new commissioners intend doing
a 'lot of tail-twisting and Mr. Kerri
gan, elected commissioner under the
recall, doesn't intend making his
exit from public life on December
31, next. Watch his smoke.
Secretary sAlready In Mind.
Newton W. McCoy and T. M. Ker
rigan, public serviee commissioners
by grace of the recall election, in
tend starting things pronto. They
have in mind someone for secretary
of the commission. The identity of
this secretary-to-be is carefully
concealed for the present, but it will
not be Henry D. Wagnon. In an ac
count of the reorganization of the
commission at Salem Mr. Wagnon
was mentioned as a prospective sec
retary. To this Mr. Wagnon objects.
He emphatically denies that he is
an applicant far the job, says he has I
never been a place-hunter and does
not want it. ,
True, admits Mr. Wagnon, he had
much to do with the recall, although
R. O. Duncan coughed ' up 'about
fl30o to finance it' and Frank S.
Myers went on the note, but Mr.
Wagnon's labors were along other
than financial lines. But as for
wanting to be secretary of the com
mission perish the thought.
House Cleaning: In Order.
A house cleaning Is on the cards
when the new members of the com
mission get their bearings. They
have an idea that there is too much
overhead, too many employes and
too many technical men whose
duties, apparently, over-lap. A re
duction in the number of employes
and a saving in salaries may be ac
complished. Advisers of the new
officers imagine so, at .least. Of
course, there will be some new faces
and when possible good recallers
will be eased Into jobs, which is to
be expected in all changes of ad
ministration. Agitation against the old commis
sioners, Fred G. Buchtel and Fred
A, William resulting in their re
'call, was based largely on their de
cision in the telephone rate case.
Very naturally, McCoy and Kerri
gan, who supplanted them, are
looked to for a reduction of the
telephone rates. This hope is not to
Kerrigan Likea Jfevr Job.
Mr. Kerrigan, to fame unknown,
and born to blush unseen until by a
. quirk of fate he sauntered into a
recall nominating meeting and was
selected as a candidate by two votes
over F.-S. Myers, likes his new job.
The dignity that doth hedge a pub-
(Concluded onaF&ge 4, Column. 4.)
1 -vrv7 i " SHAKING tAoroft . - ' JAifcMsJ '' ' - ilk?? tr i 'CotAe. sopue NiSH Afc.SoN
t . -CORN CO C5S.YJILU CHr? V , A ' - TO tr A JOG DONE QUE5Y0N ArES I
' , - . tAA.e. vt fcerrY Airv. Af - 'L? Tint
Outlaw Who Chained Two Women
. Together in Shack Is Felled '
by Posse's Bullet.
RAWLINS. Wyo., June 47. (By
the Associated Press.) Fred Brown,
Omaha's bad i man, tonight rests
upon a cot in the hospital at Wyo
ming penitentiary, hovering be
tween life and death.
It is a 50-50 chance that Brown,
who was wounded by a posse that
captured him near Me&icine Bow
early today, will recover, according
to Dr. B, K. Sell, who is attending
A steel-jacketed bulled 'from a.
.20-.3I rifle is embedded in Brown's
body Just above the heart. It was
this bullet that ended Brown's
career of lawlessness that began in
Omaha May 27, last, when he kid
naped two young women and later
chained them together in a shack
at Benson, a suburb of Omaha. -
Brown lies upon his cot with his
eyes closed, apparently unconscious.
The penitentiary officials say they
believe he is shamming.
Quick thinking by a woman re
sulted in Brown's capture. The
woman, whose name is unknown to
the authorities, lives near Medicine
Bow. Last night she saw a motor
car driven by an unshaven, unkempt
man stop near her home. Having
heard that" Brown was in the neigh
borhood, she telephoned the authori
ties. A posse quickly formed.
Just at dawn the members sighted
an automobile stalled in an irriga
tion ditch at the side of the road
ahead of them. 11
As they approached a man leaped
from the machine and with an au
tomatic revolver in each hand made
a dash for the shelter of a largej
boulder not far from the side of
Members of the posse opened fire
and Brown fell to the ground with
a bullet -wound through the left
shoulder just above the heart.
He was lifted into an automobile
by his captors and driven back to
Brown confessed that he was the
man who overpowered two city po
licemen at Sidney, Neb., last Monday
and lett them tied in pie county fair
grounds there while he continued
on his way. The keys to the Sidney
jail were found in Brown's pocket.
JUSTICE OFPEACE FINED
One Jurist Levies Assessment
Against Another for Speeding.
ALBANY, Or. June 17. (Special.)
One justice of the peace fined an
other here yesterday when A.
Klockman of Klockman, Idaho, was
arested in Linn county by a state
traffic officer for exceeding the
speed limit on the Pacific highway.
Mr. Klockman pleaded guilty and
when the arresting officer said the
Idaho man was traveling 42 miles an
hour Justice Olliver fined him $12,
$1 for each mile of excessive speed.
Mr. Klockman is justice of the
peace in his home town, which is
named for him. He is ' also post
master there and president of the
Idaho Continental company.
HARDINGS OUT YACHTING
President and Wife Take Guests
for Week-End Trip.
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 17.
President Harding was host on the
Mayflower on another week-end trip
The party included -Attorney
General Daugherty, Chairman Lasker
of the shipping board, Speaker Gil
lett and Mrs. Gillett, Senator and
Mrs.. Kellogg, Director of the Bud
get Dawes and Mrs. Dawes and Jesse
Smith of the department of justice.
The Mayflower was scheduled to
return Monday morning.
FAIR WEEK FORECAST
Normal Temperatures to Prevail
on Coast, Is Prediction.
WASHINGTON, T. C, June 17.-
(Special.) Weather outlook for the
week beginning Monday for Pacific
Generally fair and normal tem
Portland Upholds' Name
GUESTS LOUD IN PRAISES
Parties Are Taken for Trip
Over Columbia Highway.
MAYOR 1 BAKER LAUDED
More Automobiles Wanted for XJse
of Lodge Members Who Arrive
" in City From Now On.
APPEAL FOR AUTOMOBILES
Mayor Baker late last night
urged that all automobile
owners of Portland take cars
to the Union station at 7,
o'clock this morning to care ;
for the Shrine visitors who
will arrive this morning. Au
tomobiles are also needed to
carry Shrlners on trips over
the Columbia highway. These
trips will begin at 8:30 this
morning from the Multnomah
hotel. All auto owners are
urged to aid in caring for the
' visitors today.
True to form, Portland threw open
its arms yesterday and throughout
the day as Shriners by the thou
sands poured Into the city from their
convention in San Francisco, met
them, feted them, carried them out
on the highway and then showed
them the various residential dis
tricts of the city.
The Shriners, a bit weary after ac
cepting the strenuous entertainment
programme In San Francisco, as well
as the courtesies that were extended
them in various cities on their jour
ney to the Bay City, declared that
Portland's hospitality was the
Portland's "remarkable reputation,
gained in 20 when the greatest
imperial g council session of the
Mystic Shrine in history was held
In the City of Roses, brought the
eastern people to this city with an
expectation that they will be royally
entertainetLand that there will be
no waits or delays about it.
Portland Upholds Reputation.
Portland upheld its reputation by
caring for every visitor who passed
through the gates of tfhe Union Sta
tion yesterday, and thjey began com
ing as early as 6:30 4- M. and con"
tinned throughout the -.day until
8:45 P. M. last night
Mayor Baker did herculean work
in rounding up cars. For instance,
about 3:30 P. M., wnen thousands of
Portland motorists were on the"
highway with the red feazed visi
tors, word was received that several
special trains were due, and that no
automobiles were at the Union Sta
tion to carry them uptown.
Mayor Baker first called ob the
police bureau ordered put the patrol
wagon and assigned a dosen offi
cers to telephoning car owners for
help. He then appealed to the hotels
and obtained busses, and when the
Medinah special trains arrived the
Chicago folk, numbering about 800
in all, were whisked uptown with
out a moment's delay.
Autoists Answer Call.
Answering the call of the commit
teethat had been working through
out the week recruiting cars, there
were cars by Ijhe score at union sta
tion at 7 A. M. .- .
The large number of specials
routed through Portland was de
layed, however, and many' of thess
cars were not called upon for serv
ice until the afternoon. The two
special trains from Medinah tern-pie
(Concluded on Page 16, Column 2.)
Complete Returns From 61 Pre-
cincts at Midnight Show
F. S. Pickering, an east Bids
grocer and candidate of the so-
called patriotic societies, which in
clude the Ku Klux Klan, apparently
was elected school director at yes
terday's annual balloting, replacing
A. C Newill, chairman of the board.
Complete returns from 61 pre
cincts give Pickering 6409, Newill
. Both the bond issue of 33.000,000
for new school buildings and the
tax levy of $1,000,000 for- mainte
nance during the : coming year
carried by a substantial vote.
Totals at midnight on these two'
Issues were as follows: Bond issue.
yes 6835, no 2487; levy, yes 6696, no
Chairman Newill of the board of
directors conceded the election of
Pickering last night after scanning
the returns at school beard offioes
in the courthouse.
Newill carried 15 precincts out of
the 95. Among them were west aide
precincts, Irvlngton, one Sunnyside
precinct, Holladay and Alameda.
The only precincts voting against
the bond issue among the 61 first
reporting were Holladay, Eliot and
the old Couch school.
Complete count on scattered pre-
(Concluded on Page 17, Column 1.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TODAY'S Fair, winds mostly westerly.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
78 degrees; minimum temperature,
Editorial. Section 3, page 8.
Dramatic. Section 4, page 6.
Moving-picture news. Section 4, 'page 1.
Real-estate and building aewa Section
4, page 10.
Churches. Section 5, page 2.
Pooks. Section 5, page 3. - "
Schools. Section 5, paged. ,
Automobiles, Section 6.
Music Section 4, page 5.
Chess and checkers. Section 4, page 11.
Radio department. Section 4, page 9.
Boy Scouts. Section 4, page 11.
Garden department. Section 4, page 8.
Women's Features. ,
Society. Section S, page 1.
Women's activities. Section 3, page 6. '
Fashions. Section 5, page 4.
Miss Tingle's column. Section 5, page 4.
Madam R Idiot's column. Section 5, page 5.
Auction bridge. Section 4, page 7. i
Weddings in water newest thrill. Maga
zine section, page 1.
Dehydration, food marvel. Magazine sec
tion, page 2.
"The Hand on the Shoulder," fiction fea
ture. Magazine section, page 3.
News of the world as seen, by camera.
Magazine section, page 4.
Hill's, cartoons, "Among Us Mortals."
Magazine section, page fi.
Can ten bury Tales From a Smoking Car.
Magazine section, page 6.
Why Dempsey can't decide Which girl he
- loves. Magazine section, page 7.
The ghost that hypnotized a bank presi
dent. Magazine section, page 8.
Gossip of world capitals. Sec. 3, page 10.
MUwaukie preacher is also painter. Sec
tion 8, page 11.
Famous women. Section 4, page 8.
M argot Asquith finds illlberalism in
America. Section 4, page 11.
Married life of Helen and Warren. Sec
tion 4, page 11.
Festival of Roses opens Tuesday. Section
6, page lt
Wedding of Prince of Wales again
rumored. Section 1, page 1.
Canton captured by General Chen. Sec
tion 1, page 3.
Politics already has entered Hague con
ference, despite declarations to con
trary. Section 1, page 3.
Jealousies defeat international loan to
Germany. Section 1, page 4.
German reparations business bungled,
says Andre Tardleu. Section 1, page 6.
English public sees menace in French
militaristic policy. Section 1, page 7.
Extension of moratorium for Germany
probable, says William Bird. Section
1, page 7. -National.
More than 20 amendments proposed to
federal constitution. Section i, page 6.
World peril seen in declining birth rate
among white nations. Section 1,
Missouri women row about Senator
. Reed. Section 1, page 4.
Seven rail unions vote for strike. Sec
tion 1, page 2.
Row over bonus breaks in senate. Section
1, page 18. '
Mayor Rolph fights railroad divorce. Sec
tion 1, page 17.
Finger printing urged as means of pre
serving identity of babies. Section 1,
page 4. .
Expert doubtful of life on Mars. Sec
tion 1, page 1.
Head of harvester company operated on
by glandular expert. Section 1, page
Bobby Murray, High-Voiced Won
der, to Sing Wednesday, and '
- Berrian Band to Play.
The first of a series of four radio
programmes listed 'for this week
will be broadcasted from The Ore
gonlan tower tonight, when Rev.
J. F. Huckleberry, pastor of Grace
Baptist church, will, conduct serv
ices for radio listeners, delivering
a short sermon and assisted by the
male quartet of his church.
The members of the quartet are
G. K. East on, L. R. Marvin, C. D.
Hageman and H. P. Barrett. Myrtle
Noorlln, pianist, will play both the
organ and piano accompaniments,
as well as a prelude at the begin
ning of the services. The hour for
broadcasting is from 7 to 8 o'clock.
The programme for the service fol
lows: Quartet. "I Can Tell Jesus"
(Towner), "God Has Done All He
Can" (Lorenz), solo. C. D. Hageman,
"Is He Tours?" (Harkness), sermon
by Rev. J. F. Huckleberry, "Inspired
Logic," quartet; "Fill Me With Thy
Love" (Wilson); solo, C. D. Hage
man, "To thNe Mountain" (HewittX;
quartet, "Forward, Soldiers of the
Cross"' (Schuler), "In the Blessed By
and By" (Wilson), "The Church in
the Wildwood" (Pitts).
Tomorrow night a programme of
solo numbers and several eelections
by a vocal trio, arranged by Mrs.
(Concluded on Page 6. Column 1.)
Labor federation decides hereafter to
hold conventions in October. - Section
1. page 10.
Indiscriminate giving away of babies
alarms New York and society. Section
It page 7.
Noah's ark held extant in Egypt. Sec
- tion.l, page 2.
Posse captures Omaha, bad man. Sec
tion l, page L
Oregon national guard service entitles
imapiain Gilbert to lieutenant-colonelcy.
Section 1, page 8.
Three persons killed in auto wreck. Sec
tion 1. page 0.
Washington fires are saging unchecked.
section J., page tf.
University of Oregon to graduate 219,
section 3, page 7. -
Civic symphony orchestra of Seattle,
wasn., talented organization, section
-i, page J.U.-
Convention spree story overdrawn. Sec
tion 1, page . ,
Idaho democrats now striving to put
Qown party lacuonausm. cecuon x
Drive to defeat Washington legislators
near. Section l, page a. -Sports.
Washington ready for oar contest. Sec
tion 1, page o. ... . t
Nautical aporta big Rose Festival feature
for Wednesday afternoon. Section 2,
Great races at t.atonla will rival in in-
terest Kentucky . Derby. - Section 2,
War-torn French boxer coming to Amer
ica. Section 2, page 4.
Tualatin club expects many to enter golf
tourney. Section 2, page 3.
Center tennis championship meet is
postponed one day. Section 2, page 3.
Pacific Coast league results: At San
Francisco 10, Portland 4; at Doe
Angeles 3, Seattle 7; at Salt Lake 9,
Oakland 11; at Sacramento 8, Ver
non 3. Section 2, page 2. r
California wins team honors at Stagg
field meet in Chicago. Section 2,
Whlskaway beats wonder colt in Carlton
stakes. Section 2, page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Large Indian loan depresses gilt-edged
securities fox time. Section 1, page 23.
Stocks display much firmer tone on New
York market. Section 1, page 23.
All grades of flour decline in local mar
ket. Section 1, page 22.
Bulge in Chicago wheat market at close.
Section 1, page 22.
Longshore strike declared broken. Sec
. tion 1, page 22.
Motorshlp Californian rates among best
carriers of its type. Section 1, page 21.
Portland and Vicinity.
Children throng parks when playgrounds
are officially opened. Section 1,
Miss Alice Robertson visits Indian
school. Section 1, page ltt. '
Political "circles now keenly alive over
forthcoming contests. Section 1,
Rose displays to be judged Tuesday.
Section 1, page 14.
Lumbermen aroused over efforts of rail
roads to prevent rate cuts. Section
1. page 10. .
Fine radio concerts 'scheduled for fes
tival week. Section 1, page 1.
Shrine visitors feted royally. Section 1,
page 1. - '
Carfare-and phone rate cuts promised.
Section 1, page 1.
Speed-fiend goose rides on radiator. Sec
tion 1,: page 20.
Advisers of Hall suggest recount. Section
1, page 15.
Festival gaiety soon to reign. Section 1,
Mr. Pickering leads in school election.
Section 1, page 1.
SOME RECENT NEWS
Stage All Set For Rose
GUTTERING DAYS ARE AHEAD
Many Events to Provide
Fun for Visitors.
CITY TO BE FAIRYLAND
Indians to Take Part in Fiesta.
Battleships Are to Be In .
Harbor for Show.
The stage is set for ringing down
the curtain Tuesday morning on
staid, sober old Portland and for
ushering In the fairy realm of
Rosaria over which Queen Harriett
will reign for four happy, glittering
nose x esuvai aays.
A veritable kaleidoscope of at
tractions will follow the opening of
the annual festival. Kvents will
crowd odOk' another in such quick
succession that It was found neces
sary to extend the festival to four
days instead of three as originally
arranged for the merrymakers who
will make Portland their mecca
during the week.
City to Be Fairyland.
To begin with, the City of Roses
will be transformed into- a fairyland
withVts colorful street decorations,
its beautiful festival center, its won
derful rose show and displays of its
fireworks at night. And then there
will be the glittering panoply of the
parades and pageants. There will
be something for all to enjoy won
derful music for the music lover,
beautiful flowers for . the lover of
nature's wonders, beautiful floats
and beautiful women.
For those who are sport fans there
will be the exciting races of the re
gatta and for the "boys" who like to
be reminded of the old times there
will be the Indian pageant with its
attack upon the emigrant train.
Then there will be the dancea and
receptions and various social func
tions which fill out the days. '
Destroyers to Be Attrattlon.
The fleet of destroyers, headed by
the battleship Connecticut, will no
doubt be one of the big attractions
during the festival. Arrangements
will be made for the public to vilit
the ships. The hours w'll be an
nounced after a conference with Ad
miral J.' T. Chase, in charge of the
flagship Connecticut, and Command
er L.'N. McNair of the flotilla of
destroyers upon their arrival here.
Elaborate arrangements have been
made- for the entertainment of the
men aboard the naval vessels.
To Mrs. M. E. Young, working in
conjunction with Fred "W. German
of the Rose Festival committee and
Lieutenant R. E. Kerr of the Untied
States navy, belongs the credit for
the big entertainment for the. 1200
sailors from the vessel tomorrow
and tomorrow. night. Arrangements
have been made whereby Council
Crest park, with its rides and big
dancing pavilion, practically will be
turned over to the navy boys and
Tickets to Be Distributed.
Tickets will be distributed to the
ships tomorrow morning by Lieu
tenant Kerr and tickets for girls
who will assist in the entertainment
by dancing with the sailors'may be
obtained at Meier & Frank's, Olds,
Wortman & Kings, Lipman, Wolfe
& Co.,' the T. W. C. A. and the Port
land Gas & Coke company.
The big crest pavilion will be
especially decorated for the occa
sion with international code flags
furnished by Beebe & Co. ' The work
will be done by men from the United
States navy recruiting station in the
Hostesses from the Community
(Concluded on Page 14. Column 3.
Duke of York Also Is Expected
to Marry Beantiful English
Girl Interest" High.
(Copyright, 1822. by the New York
World. Published bv Arrangement.)
LONDON. June 17. (Special Cable.)
With the prince of Wales nearing
home after his prolonged visit to
India and Japan, the rumors of his
early betrothal are renewed and
grow louder. Aluncugh. the press as
a whole has maintained discreet
silence as to the prince's marital
prospects, it Is understood this sub
ject has engrossed the attention of
the royal family and of certain min
isters of state for some time.
There seems to be a feeling that
the prince of Wales will choose an
English girl for his wife, and no
name is mentioned more often in
conversation in society than that of
Lady Rachel Cavendish, daughter of
the duchess of Devonshire, who was
one of Princess Mary's bridesmaids.
The prince will attend a dance given
by the duchess to Lady Rachel on
his birthday just three days after
he lands in England. King George
and Queen Mary will attend the
But there is an even more imme
dilate Interest in the marital pros
pects of tho prince's brother, the
duke of York. For some time past
Lady Mary Cambridge, another of
Princess Mary's bridesmaids, has
been much in the company of the
royal family and has been seen fre
quently riding in Windsor park with
the king and the duke of York. She
and Lady Rachel Cavendjsh are
among the prettiest girls in English
It was thought that the engage
ment of the duke of York and Lady
Mal-y would be announced at the
recent dance given by Princess Mary,
and some newspapers considered it
certain. There was, however, no such
announcement. Since then. Lady
Mary has been at several race mets
with the royal family and she has
been almost daily in the duke of
AVIATORS BREAK RECORD
Salt Lake to Coast Run Made in
6 Hours 2 Minutes. '
SAN FRANCISCO, July 17. A rec.
ord for airplane time between Salt
Lake City and San Francisco was
made by the United States ar mail
service today when three flyers,
working in relays, negotiated the
distance in six hours and 12 min
utes. ; The record announcement was
made by the air mall service after
all past records had been consulted
Pilot H. B. Levise, who started the
trip, jumped off at Salt Lake at 4:16
A. M. He negotiated the jump to
Elko, Nev., in one hour and 54 min
utes. Pilot William F. Blanchard
made the next relay to Reno in two
hours and 18 minutes. The last re
lay, from Reno to San Francisco,
was made by Pilot Harry V. Huking,
who made the trip in two hours flat,
arriving here at 10:32 A. M.
The trip was planned for the pur
pose of freaking the record.
EX-MOVIE PRODUCER DIES
Crystal Hampton Succumbs to
Effects of Poison.
NEW YORK. June 17. Miss Crys
tal Hampton, former, head of a mov
ing picture producing firm which
bore her name, died today from the
effects of poison sihe swallowed in
tine rest room of a Broadway hotel
two weeks ao.
.The police said- that at tiho 'hospii
to'l Miss Hampton toild them she was
married to Harry Schute at Allen
town, Pa., several years ago, but
tlhat tihemarriageihad been annulled.
LAWMAKER GRAVELY ILL
Physicians Report Condition of
Senator Crow Serious.
t'NIONTOWN, Pa., June 17. A
bulletin Issued today by physicians
attending United States Senator
Crow declared the patient's con
dition was "very grave."
The senator is at his summer home
in the mountains near here.
Planet Is Nearer Earth
Than in Ten Years.
RECESSION BEGINS TODAY
Elements Hinder Scientists
in Pursuing Studies.
VARIOUS THEORIES HELD
Existence, It Human, Xeeds
Greater Intelligence to Com
municate With World.
BY HENRY NORRIS RUSSELL,
Head of Department of Astronomy,
NEW YORK, June 17. (Special. -
Many persons during the last
week or two have notiqed an un
usually large planet glowing red in
the southeastern skies and have
wondered what its name is. It is
the planet Mars, most familiar of
the planets. But even those who
know it well have been. struck by
its unusual brightness.
The reason for this brightness is
that Mars is today, June 17, about
1,000,000 miles nearer to us than lt
was two weeks ago.
' There need be no cause for alarm.
The huge sphere is not coming any
nearer. After tomorrow lt will be-'
gin to swing away from us again,
and within the next two weeks will
again be some 43,500,000 miles away
from the earth, as it was a month
Different Orbits Traveled.
But today it is nearer the earth
than it has been for 10 or 12 years.
Roughly speaking, its orbit began to
curve toward us a year ago, when
Mars was more than 200,000,000
miles away from us. By June, 1923,
it will again be that far distant
As Mars and the earth pursue
their respective orbits, the earth,
which completes its circuit almost
twice as quickly as Mars, catches up
with it at intervals of slightly less
than two years and two months.
On every such occasion Mains and
the earth are on the same side of the
sun and fairly near one, another,
but the orbit of Mans comes consid
erably nearer to Che sun on bine
side than on the other. At the
present time Mars is in that part
of its orbit where the ear-tin catches
up with It and is therefore consid
erably nearer to us than it could
be if it were on the opposite side of
ObnervuliuUH Are Difficult.
It is easy to see that at the times
of these close approaches to Mars
the earth will always have Lo be in
t'he game part of Us own orbit anid
this happens to be the pant wlhAch
the earth traverses in the summer.
This is an inconvenient thing for
astronomers wbe live north of tihe
equator, because Mans when nearest
to us is arways opposite to the sun
in the skj.
In summer the sun rises high in
tiie sky and Mars necessarily hangs
low even at midnight. The astron
omer has to look through a much
greater thickness of our atmosphere
in order to see Mars than he would .
if it were higher up to tihe sky anid
this makes bis observations decided
ly more difficult. To the eye, how
ever, the planet is a very con
spicuous object, brighter, than the
brig'htest stars and even surpassing
Jupiter, though by no means equal
Other Problem Pressing.
The average reader may be some
what surprised to hear that Mars at
its present favorable approach will
probably be studied in rather a small
number of observatories. The, rea
son for this is that the number of
astronomical problems which call
urgently for observations of various
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 1.)