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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1915)
Pages 1 to 18
vm XXXIV. yQ. 15- " PORTLAND, OREGON. SUNDAY MORNING. APRIL 11, 1915. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ROUTE OF AIM
Line to Connect Sew
ard and Fairbanks.
WORK TO BE BEGUN AT ONCE
Alaska Northern 71 Miles,
Bought for $1,150,000.
TOTAL COST IS $26,800,000
Interior Department Announces In
tention to Complete 40 Miles
' This Year Branch to Kcacli
Matanuska Coal Field.
' WASHINGTON, April 10. The Sew-ard-Fairbanks
route has been selected
Tor the Government railway in Alaska,
Secretary Lane announced late today.
The property of the Alaska Northern
Hallway Company from Seward over
the first stage of the journey has been
bought for 11.150,600.
The Government system, the state
ment adds, will include a 38-mile
branch to tap the Matanuska coal
fields. W. C. Edcs is designated as
chairman of the Alaskan Engineering
Commission, which will build the road
by the President's order. The esti
mated cost of the entire system is giv
en at J26.800.000. Congress provided
Dot to exceed S35.000.000.
Work to Be Bean Immediately.
Secretary Lane said construction
work would be begun at once, and
that probably 40 miles of the exten
sion of the Alaska Northern from Ship
Creek: would be completed this year.
Construction will be carried oh under
contract, individual contractors build
ing separate units of roadway. In one
of the orders signed by the President,
the Alaskan commission was instructed
to guard particularly the health of the
men, at work, and to adopt a system
of compensations for accidents similar
to that in force on the Panama Canal.
The Interior Department statement
fays in part: '"'t.
"The vtmte adopted Is known as the
Susitna route and extends from Seward
on Resurrection Bay to Fairbanks on
the Tanana River, a distance, of 471
miles. This route includes the exist
ing Alaska Northern railroad, which
runs from Seward through the Kenai
Peninsula for a distance, of 71 miles
to Turnagain Arm.
Purrkinc of Railroad Approved.
"This route is to be bought from
Its present owners by the Government
for 11,150.000, S500.J00 of which will be
paid on July, 1915, and the remainder
July 1. 1916. The contract for the
purchase of this road was signed by
Secretary Lane and today approved
by the President, subject to approval
"From Turnagain Arm the route Is
to be extended through the Susitna
Valley and across Broad Pass to the
Tanana River and from there on to
Fairbanks. It is to be a standard
gauge road. A sideline is to run from
Matanuska Junction into the Matanu
ska coal fields, a distance of S8 miles.
The road is to be built with its pres
ent base at Ship Creek on Cook's In
let, and from this point it is expected
that the Matanuska coal will be
shipped during the greater portion of
the year. The grade from the Mata
nuska field to Ship Creek is four
tcnths of 1 per cent.
Price Lena Thaa Fbyalral Value.
"The Alaska Northern has been pur
chased for a price less than its physi
cal valuation, as estimated by the
Alaskan engineering commission and by
the engineers of the Interstate Com
merce Commission. It is to be put into
(Concluded on Page 6.)
V . . .. . . . - . - - -- - nw- r- -. , a
I "lka o ; ' " jj
tfVv S,. K r V7" oC?S I Y ) I TH MULE GOT HtS AT CHICAGO f?fAWS 3 J
t f ACSTTAy ALLTHS4W-.XA 'S" - GO AT TSV T 0" .
SUNK IN NORTH SEA
TOKPIO0 OR MINE CAUSES
LOSS OF HARPALYCi;
Vessel Is Carrying Supplies From
New York State to Belgium.
Part of Crew Is Picked Fp.
ROTTERDAM, April 10. (Via Lon
4ni.ii lit Tha British steamship
Harpalyce. the first relief ship of New
York State and under charter to the
pmmMcinn fnr Relief in Belgium, has
either been torpedoed or sunk by a
mine in the North faea.
Tha Dutch steamer Elizabeth, on its
voyage from Rotterdam for New Tork.
picked up 22 of the crew of the .Har
palyce. seven miles northeast of Noord
hinder lightship and brought them back
Ttm rnt-h jttenmer Constance Cath-
erina picked up five men and took them
to Nieuwe Waterweg.
The steamer carried a crew or at
P01NDEXTER SEES LIGHT
Washington Senator Announces Ke
turn to Kepublican Party.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
infrtnn Anril 10. Senator Poindexter,
of Washington, in an interview today
announces his intention to return to
. v, i . , k 1 1 o -i norfv When he reaches
Spokane he will make a detailed state
ment of his reasons for returning i"
the Republican fold.
xi. cava t,A Democratic party has
demonstrated its inability to run the
Government and recent elections in
.rhicar-n ,-ind St. Louis, he declares, in
dicated opposition of the great ma
jority of the people to .Democratic cvu-
Sanatnr Pnindexter predicts Repub
lican victory in 1916. He say3 nothing
of any intention to seek re-election.
APPLE YIELD BOUNTIFUL
Albany Merchant Has Lone Tree
Bearing Six Different Varieties.
iTRAW Op Anril 10. (Special.)
From one tree, which is growing in
the yard of his residence at- Seventh
frv olroeta in this city. DaVid
Froman, a merchant, harvests apples
from early in July until iate in ucio
h.. Siv- ritfferent varieties of apples
grow on the one tree and every year
there is a bountuui yieia oi cacu a.mu.
ct'.ra i vtnr a tjn the tree was graft
ed -withvstx-tlfffereiit;, varieties aad
trrofh ninced In the truck devel
oped into a system of limbs producing
a different kind of apple man un
limbs adjoining. The tree is full of
blossoms now and indications are for
the largest yield it has nVer proauceu.
UNipN MEN TOLD: 'GO DRY'
No Strike Ever Won at Saloon Bar;
Says Chicago Labor Leader.
CHICAGO, April 10. Chicago labor
unions who were facing tne possiouny
of extensive strikes within the next
eek were urged by their officers to
day to adopt prohibition as a "war
measure." Circular letters were sent
to all members of the buWing trades
organization, advising them to go on
the wagon." Axel Alex, business agent
of the lathers' union, explaining the
No strike was ever won at a saloon
bar. Besides we must be careful of
our conduct, because the people have
become educated to regard union men
as potential sluggers and highbinders."
New Marshfield Bank Organized.
MARSHFIELD, Or., April 10. (Spe
cial.) The Scandinavian - American
Bank of Marshfield announced com
pletion of its organization today and
sets a date prior to May 1 for opening
business in this city. The officers of
the institution are: John E. Ross, of
Portland, president; R. H. Olson, of Em
pire, vice-president, and R. Bugge. for
merly of the First National. Bank of
Portland, cashier. Other directors of
the new bank are H. A. Kaeppler and
C. F. Hendricksen, of Portland; J. E.
Pauleon. of Coquille; B. B. Ostlind, of
AVAR, GOOD ROADS,
DEYOTION UNSETTLES MIND
Conflict of Love and Patriot
ism Shown at Trial.
TEARS OF SYMPATHY SHED
Presiding Colonel Reproves Hussar
for Placing All Blame on Wom
an, but Crowd Weeps as
, He Gives Testimony.
TARIS, April 10. Captain Jean Herail,
an officer in the French cavalry,
acquitted today by a court-martial
which tried him fpr killing his wife
at Complegne last November, because
she persisted in following the army in
order to be near him.
Previous to the shooting orders had
been issued by the military authorities
prohibiting officers and soldiers from
receiving their wives during the cam
paign. It was brought out today that
Captain Herail became mentally un
balanced through worry over the pos
sible results of his wife's refusal to
obey this law and leave him.
Captain Weepa on Stand.
Seldom has a more pathetic scene
been witnessed in a Paris court than
that of today when Captain Herail took
the stand in his own defense.
The soldier wept as he told of the
great love which he bore for his wife
and of how, when she steadfastly re
fused to return home, and he believed
that he would be cashiered, he became
"absolutely mad and was driven to the
last extremity," of killing his loved one.
The courtroom was crowded with wom
en and officers, and as Captain Herail
sobbed out his story many of them shed
tears of sympathy.
Deep, Unnatural Lotc Heacrlbed.
Captain Herail told of the mutual love
which, prompted his wife to refuse to
be separated from him while he was
at the front arid of his own loyal life.
"You do not realize how great was
the love I had for my wife" he said
brokenly. "When, I believed I would
be cashiered because of her determined
refusal to return home, although I
Implored her time and again. I became
mad, absolutely mad, and was driven
to the last extremity."
Here the Captain broke down and
sobbed bitterly for five minutes, and
many of the women and uniformed
officers in the courtroom were so
affected by the gray-haired soldier's
agitation that they, too, wept.
Court Rebuke Prisoner.
Colonel Jacquillat, who presided over
the court, reproved Captain Herail
sharply for placing all the blame on
his wife and asked why he did not use
some other method than to shoot her.
"I did," replied the Captain. "I tried
every means. I was unstrung; I was
out of my mind to kill the wife I
Captain Herail went into many de
tails of his happy married life, his tes
timony lasting for an hour. Eight
times he was overcome and broke into
Colonel Moineville, commanding Cap
tain Herall's regiment, the Eleventh
Hussars, testified regarding the orders
which had been communicated to offi
cers forbidding wives from visiting
their husbands at the front. He spoke
of the defendant's excellent military
service during 21 years in the regular
Major Bouchez told the court of
reading the Colonel's final order to
(Concluded on Page 5.)
POLITICS AND BASEBALL CATCH THE FLEETING ATTENTION OF CARTOONIST REYNOLDS.
INDEX CF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
derrees: minimum. 00 decrees.
,-v-TR " V'S Probably fair; westerly winds.
- 1 war. .
Oregon woman finds heroism of J-Yance im
pressive. Section 1, page 3.
Prohibition far oft In Briton, but leaders re
gard liquor issue seriously. Section 1,
Fighting on western front extremely violent.
Section 1. page 6.
Italian Admiral says allies can lorce Darda
nelles. Section 1, page 7.
Steamer with food for Belgians is aunk in
.North Sea. Section 1, page 1.
French court martial acquits Hussar Captain
who killed wife because she would not
leave him. Section 1, page 1.
Russians pour unlimited stream of reinforce
ments Jnto Carpathians, Section 1, page U.
"Human cost" of railway strike analyzed.
.Section 1, page 2.
Roosevelt raps women's peace movement, but
recipient of letter refuses to publish It.
Section 1. page.t.
San Diego fair shows profit and with ar
rival of great crowds presentation or
special features begins. Section 1, page 2.
Seward-to-Fairbanks route chosen for Alaska
railroad. Section 1, page 1.
Secretary Garrison urges increased Army
and development of National military
policy. Section 3, page 8.
North Bank Railroad must discontinue Co
lumbia River steamers. Section 1, page a.
Portland awaiting Beavers homecoming on
Tuesday. Section 2, page 2.
Record attendance expected at Oregon state
trapshooting tourney. Section 2, page 5.
Oregon nine with fewer stars and less ex
perience faces season. Section 2, page 4.
Federal League opens season's play with big
crowds at all games. Section 2. page 2.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 8,
Salt Lak City 6; San Francisco 7f Ven
ice 6; Oakland 3, Los Angeles 4 (14 in
nings. Section 2, page 2.
Portland Motorboat Club's appeal against
awarding decision to Wastrel over Baby.
Bell allowed and hearing Is to be given. '
Section 2, page 5.
Victory of Jess Wlllard and elimination of
Jack Johnson likely to give impetus to
fight game. Section 2, page 5. !
San Franciscans, surprised by Oakland's
showing, begin to regard pennant race as!
no walk-away. Section 2. page 3. !
Salt Lake team leads in team batting and
fielding averages for first week of play, j
Section 2, page 3.
Lincoln High School wins academic section !
of Columbia indoor track and field meet. ;
Section 2, page 4. j
University of Oregon athletes capture meet
honors. Section 2, page 1.
Prevalence of rabies causes quarantine of 11
counties. Section 1, page 10.
Regents of State University to place Oregon
law school at Eugene within three years..
Section 1, page 1. I
Petitioning will begin to invoke Washington
referendum for first vote. Section 1,
Washington compensation act rates of assess
ments found to be sufficient in all classes.
Section 1, page 8.
Co-operative company formed to Irrigate
3000 acres just west of Grants Pass. Sec
tio'i 1, page S. t
Idaho Republicans plan political houseclean
ing with Senator Borah's return. Section
1, page 8. '
Boys of industrial clubs make profit with
hogs. Section 1, page J.
Polk County prune area increased. Section
1. x-ase 10.
Reports of Tillamook Co-operative Cheese
Company show rapid sains. SectJoa 1,
- -page -6. - - - - """ "
' Commercial and Marine, -
Local -wheat 'trade held up by. scarcity of
tonnage. Section 2, page 15.
Attack on Dardanelles has weakening ef
fect at Chicago. Section 2, page la.
Advance in stocks checked by profit-taking
sales. Section 2, page-IS.
More Oregon floor soon leaves to feed Bel
gians. Section 2, page 16
Rea Estate and Building..
Realty men of county plan to visit Portland
on way to convention city or on way
horn:. Section 4, page 10.
Valuable North End property traded for In
terest In land near approach to Inter
state bridge. Section 4, page 10.
Plans for Irvlngton's $80,000 clubhouse wlL
be submitted Tuesday. Section 4, page lu.
Automobiles and Roads.
Automobile dealers report Increased sales.
Section 4. page 7.
Rose City Speedway is being put in condi
tion for races. Section 4. page 6.
Portland and Vicinity.
Plans for militia camp at fair abandoned.
Section 2, page 16.
Opinions given at random on street show,
road bonds growing In favor. Section 1
Friends of Portland Academy plan cam
paign of finances. Section 3, page 7.
Gresham Grange indorses road bonds. Sec
tion 1, page 17.
Sentiment now seems strong for road bonds.
Section 1, page 16.
Prizes awarded for good roads essays. Sec
tion 1, page IB.
Terwilliger boulevard illustrates short life
of macadam road. Section . 1, (Page 17.
All will have voice In picking Festival queen
and court- Section 1, page IB. ,
New Chamber of Commerce membership
campaign starts tomorrow. Section 1.
page 14. .
Portland will celebrate Celilo dedication
with banquet. Section 1, page 15.
Proposed alterations in building code sub
mitted by inspector. Section 1, page 14.
Seven Jefferson High School boys hike back
from Celilo. Section 1, page 13.
Campfire Girls give first annual exhibition
of handiwork. Section 1, page li.
Expressman returns to nag after flyer in
Jitney business. Section 1. page 11.
REGENTS GIVE LAW
SCHOOL TP EUGENE
New Building Every 2
BOARD'S SESSION IMPORTANT
Additional Professors to Be
COMMERCE DEAN SOUGHT
Salary of $3000 to fee raid Head or
Department, and Law School
Dean Will Get $25O0 Presi
dent Campbell Jubilant.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON". Eugene,
April 10. (Special.) The establish-
. n tHroR-vpar course In
law at the University of Oregon In Eu
gene, the authorization oi mo
.jjitmnoi instructors and profes
sors in the departments of architec-
ture, education ana
the appropriation of 40.000 for the
erection of a new building every two
years, were the important measures
,a or, caused unon by the uni
versity board of regents when they
met in Villard Han loaay.
taVpn were the giving
UlUCl iv-nv"- - -
to the executive committee to investi
gate into the proposed change in uio
site of the athletic field and in mak
ing the shift not to exceed expendi
tures of J5000 and the authorizing of
President Campbell by the board to
nominate a dean .for the new law
The regents were in session the en
tire morning, adjourning at noon until
some time in June.
Tbm-VMr limit Placed.
Within three years the present
Oregon Law School in Portland will
cease to exist as one coming under
the direct supervision of the State
University. When the freshmen class,
now enrolled in that college, will be
graduated the University of Oregon
law-school will be permanently located
September of the coming semester
.ni murk flic first resistratlon in law
at the Oregon campus. Only those
students who have sopnomore rating
and credits will be granted ad
mittance to the law school. This
standard ranks with that of the
ti. voctorn universities. Johns Hopkins
and Harvard Colleges, which employ the
graduate system, are among me iew
schools to maintain a higher standard.
Tuition Will Be 30.
In addition to the regular registra
tion fee of 18, tuition amounting to
$30 will be charged to those students
majoring in, law.
President Campbell expressed him
self as unfavorable to a tuition charge,
fdn;,i0- that nrofessional schools
should be free as in the case of other
schools. "Some or the Dest lawyers
r tv,, Rtnte are graduates of the Port
land branch of our law school," said
Mr. Campbell, "and the fact that it is
to be moved to Eugene aoes not reiiecj
in any way as'discredit; it means that
the policy of the university favors con.
solidatiorw to have all the departments
Judge Gantenbein. dean of the Port
land Law School, was present at the
regent meeting and was non-committal
concerning the shift In the department
of law. -
Internal Work Is Theme.
Internal organization was the theme
of today's meeting, and the authoriza
tion of new professors, deans, in
structors and assistant instructors was
granted by the board.
A new building unit, amounting to
$4(T.00O, to be spent upon the erection
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Saturday's War Moves
THERE has been a considerable ex
tension of the battlefields both in
the Carpathians and In the Woevre dis
trict of France, where fighting of ex
treme violence continues by day and
night, without, however, any definite
The Russians have made themselves
masters of the principal chain of moun,
tains from Dukla Pass to Uzsok Puds
and have begun an attack on the Ger
man forces which hold the hills from
the latter pass eastward to the Beskld
Pass. This section of the Carpathians
has been the scene since early Febru
ary of many fierce encounters between
the Germans, who were sent to help the
Austrlans In thir fruitless efforts to
relieve Przcmysl, and the Russian army,
whoso task It was to hold them back
until the fall of the fortress.
Now to this German army has been
given another task that of trying to
prevent the Russians from straighten
ing out their line, which is necessary
before the Invasion of Hungary Is un
dertaken. It is apparent that this
army has succeeded in at least check
ing the Russian advance, as the Aus
trian official report asserts a victory
for the Germans in this sector, while
the Russians admit they have been un
able to capture hill 992, which lies
about midway between Uzsok and Bes
As the Russians have Immense forces
at their disposal and splendid railways
to take them to the front, confidence Is
expressed they will succeed, as they
did In the Laborcza Valley, in counter
ing this check. The British military
writers, however, warn the public that
they must not expect a speedy conclu
sion of the Carpathian battles, as the
Russians still have serious obstacles to
overcome and the farther they advance
through the mountains the more diffi
cult will be the task of keeping their
The French army in the Woevre Is
hammering at the two sides of the
German wedge which was driven Into
the French lines as far as St. Mihlel
early in the war and which thus far
has remained firm, and simultaneously
has attacked the German front, which
passes close to the Lorraine border be
tween Nancy and Chateau Sal Ins.
The capture of Les Eparges, on the
northern side of the wedge, appears to
have been the most marked success the
French have gained after almost a
fortnight's fighting, although the man
ner in which the Germans are counter
attacking in the forest of Montmare.
to the southeast, would Indicate that
they feel the French pressure from
that direction severely.
All the other attacks the Germans
say -tfcoy have repulsed with heavy
losses to the French.
As If the battles In the Caroethlans
and the Woevre were enough for one
time, the campaigns in other parts of
Europe and in Asia seem to have come
to a standstill. There has been isolated
fighting along the East Prussian bor
der and along the Tscr River in Flan
ders, but the engagements have been
small affairs as compared with the two
The Russians and Turks occasionally
come into conflict In the Caucusus. but,
on the whole, the campaign of the
Allies against Turkey is awaiting the
beginning of a newer and bigger effort
to force the Dardanelles.
WILSON THANKS GOLFERS
President Begins to Think He Is
Getting Out or DuTrer Class.
LONDON, April 10. The American
Luncheon Club has received a letter
from President Wilson acknowledging
the gift of a set of golf stickB made
for him by James Braid, the British
open champion, and sent by the club.
'I keep myself going by playing
golf," President Wilson wrote, "and the
clubs have been of the greatest serv
ice and pleasure to me. I really some,
times begin to think I am getting out
of the duffer class."
Italian Consul Marries Heiress.
ST. LOUIS, April 10. Gustavo Dl
Rosa. Italian Consul at Boston, and
Miss Maude Cupples Scudder, grand
,iirhr and heir of the late Samuel
Cupples, millionaire manufacturer, were
married at the Scudder home here today.
CRITICISED By T. R.
Movement Called Men
ace in Sharp Letter.
RECIPIENT WITHHOLDS TEXT
Colonel Willing; Mrs. Rublee
Says It's No Credit to Him.
SOFT ANSWER IS GIVEN
Miss Adduins and Other Chicago
Leaders of Peace Propaganda As
sume) Attitude of Maternal In
dulgcncc, Free From Anger.
CHICAGO, April 10. (Special.)
Publication of the fact that Theodore
Roosevelt had written a letter denounc
ing tho woman's peace propoganda
caused a sharp discussion among lead
ers of the movement here today. The
letter reposed in the custody of Mr!.
William I. Thomas, secretary of tho
Woman's Peaco Society, and she re
fused to allow Its publication.
"There were sentences In the letter
that it would be unwise to make pub
lie." said Mrs. Thomas. "Although
Colonel Roosevelt has said that he
would be delighted to have the letu-r
published, yet I think It unwise to make
raelflelsts Called Meaace,
The missive which aroused di'
cusslon was sent to Mrs. George
Rublee, of Washington. Ore report
had it thai the Colonel declared that
pacificists In general constituted a
"menace to the future welfare of the
Turning the other check Is a pacific
ist erntial, according to Miss Jane
Addams. and hence Colonel Roosevelt
ears will not burn todav. Instead or
criticism or indignation for the Colo
nel, Miss Addams. who Is Chicago's
chief pacifist.' had nothing but soft
words. She referred to tha Olorl al
most kindly and told the hU-lory of
the letter ho hud addressed to Mr..
Rublee, in a tolerant and charltubie
way. Other pacifists In the city like
wise assumeC the attitude of maternal
indulgence toward the Colonel.
Colonel la ot larlflcl.
"Colonel Roosevelt's letter was writ
ten in January," said Miss Addams. "I
was In favor of giving It out for pub
lication at once, and that was whut
Mrs. Rublee intended to do at first,
but later she changed her mind. Now
that y the nature of its contents is
known, there i nothing in particular
to say about it.
"Anyone who knows the Colonel
through his writings and talks can
have a clear Idea of what the letter
was. Colonel Roosevelt stands for
peace in a peculiar way. He is not a
pacificist, and pacificism Is one of the
things he believes Is going to result
in the greatest danger to the United
Further Anumrat Advocated.
Miss Addams said there was no copy
of the letter In Chicago, She also said
she did not remember the exact text
of the letter.
"It has been long since I read it."
she explained, "but, of course. I know
what it was about. Colonel Roosevelt
has written several articles In tho mag
azines lately along the same general
line. He Is an organizer of the Amerl- '
can Legion, he advocates further arma
ment by the United States and Is ever
the prophet of militarism. In. his letter
to Mrs. Rublee he replied to a commu
nication from her in which she had en
closed the propaganda literature of the
"The letter was not personal, but It
" (Concluded on Ps 5.)