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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1915)
Pages 1 to 18
VOL. xxxiv. NO. 1G.
rOIMXAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL. 18, 1915.
PRICK FIVK CENTS.
Food on Hand Ample
for Year or More.
BIG HARVEST IS EXPECTED
Blockade Ineffective and Sup
plies Are Entering.
NATION SUPPORTS ITSELF
People United to Last Man and De
termined to Win; l'celinjr Against
Americans Bitter; Financial
' Contlilion J.s Good.
BV GUST AVE C. ROEDER.
(Tor 'J7 years a member of the editorial
taff of the New York World and a veteran
cf the I'nited Siates Navy. Copyrisht, 115,
i.y 'the I'ress Publishing Company (the New
York World). (.Published by arrangement).
The future of the world war now
raging in Europe depends primarily
upon the actual economic' conditions
which today prevail in Germany. If
Germany is unable to feed not only her
huse army of millions of sons of the
Fatherland who are today following
the banner of the Kaiser, but also her
civilians left at home, then the world
will soon see the war at an end.
Defeat for Germany would be a nat
If, on the other hand, the Germans
have an ample food supply, enough not
only to satisfy the wants of those bat
tling for the future of the empire, but
also for the care of the civilian popu
lation at home, then the war may be
carried on for months or, maybe, for
In order to learn the cxaot state ot
SifTairs at first hand, the "World dis
patched a commissioner to Germany
with instructions to carefully observe
conditions throughout the entire Ger
man Empire and to report truthfully
Just how matters stand.
Here pre the conclusion.? arrived at
by the World staff correspondent after
a careful and most painstaking investi
gation and after an exhauslive travel
throughout the Kaiser's domains:
1. The report that Germany is on
the point of starvation is absolutely
false. There is ample supply not only
to feed the monster army which Ger
many has placed in the field but also
enough to care for the rest of the pop
ulace. 2. There are on hand today enough
foodstuffs to last at least one year. If
not 18 months.
Food Stilt Briuff Imported.
3. Positive and absolutely effective
blockade has not been established
against German ports, and foodstuffs
and other materials are being brought
into Germany today from outside
4. There is no scarcity of flour or
bread. On the contrary, there is enough
on hand of the former so that the Ger
man government will not be compelled
to draw upon the products of the crop
of 1913 until next year, it then.
5. Even if the crop of 1915 should
turn out to be a poor one. It would
still be greater than the crop of an
average year, because since August 1,
1914. more land under the German ban
ner has been cultivated for agricultural
purposes than ever before.
6. There is enough meat on hand to
last for an indefinite period.
7. Germany today is practically
Nation Will Fight to Last Man.
8. The financial conditions of the
.country are such that it will be a, long
time before the war chest can be
9. Throughout Germany proper
there are scarcely any indications that
(Concluded on Faye 5.)
F-4 DIVER NEARLY
LOSES OWN LIFE
HKItOIC RESCUE IS MAIE AT
DEPTH OP 2 20 FEET.
.Man AYorklng on Submarine Is En
tangled in Lines 4 Hours Man
"With rCccord Goes After Hiin.
HONOLULU". T. H., Anrll 17. A diyer,
W. K. Loughman, working at the place
outside the Tiarbor where attempts are
being made to raise the submarine
F-4, submerged since March 25, be
came entangled in the lines at a depth
of -'20 feet today, but was released
after heroic efforts lasting nearly four
Members of the crew were bringing
Loughman to the surface slowly, bo
that he might not suffer from caisson
disease, and he was resting at the
90-foot level, when the report was re
Loughman was lowered shortly after
10 A. M. and was being raised to the
surface when he became entangled.
Frank Crilly, a diver who recently
made a record for deep-sea diving, was
hurriedly lowered to make an attempt
to rescue him. It was not until both
divers had worked strenuously that the
lines were disentangled from Lough
man and both divers were reported
Diver Crilly was brought to the sur
face shortly after 2 P. M. and it was
reported that he had suffered no se
rious results from his long stay in the
water, but that he was somewhat ex
hausted. Naval officers said that Crilly's feat
in releasing Loughman was a remark
SUNDAY DANCING BARRED
l-'airview Council Passes Midnight
FAIRVIEW, Or., April 17. (Special.)
At the last, meeting of the Council
on ...(i,.., ...... ...oc nioaAl Trnll i hitlTl PT
u i i v l v. 1 1 . i . n. . 3 i ' . . v u y . ........ - n
dancing within the, city limits after
s.z o ciock eaturaay nigm.
The Council has designated next Sat
urday as clean-up day. Owners of
teams have been asked to donate the
use of their teams to haul away the
Mrs. A. L. Stone entertained the mem
bers of the Bible class of the Rose
City Park Presbyterian Church on
Thursday of this week. She was as
sisted by Mrs. S. A. Dixon.
GERMAN TRAVEL DELAYED
Railways Given Over to Troops,
Says Report l-Yoni Zurich.
ZURICH, Switzerland, via Paris, April
17. Travelers from Germany are reach
ing Zurich after extraordinary delays
resulting from the congestion ot Ger
man railroad lines with troop trains.
Ordinary freight and passenger traffic
in Germany haa almost stopped. Ger
man troops, according to the travelers,
are being moved in several directions,
part of them toward Austria.
Private dispatches received here from
Vienna say that no fewer than 350,000
Germans are actually fighting with the
Austrians against the Russians In the
CARRIER TO HAVE LOW PAY
Department Vises Pay on New Rival
Route for The Dalles at $57C.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, April 17. Rural route No. 4 will
be inaugurated at The Dalles June 1.
It Is 24 miles long and serving 97 fam
ilies. This is the first route established in
Oregon in a year and although it Is of
maximum length, the Department fixes
the carrier's salary at 1572 a year. "Un
der the law he would be entitled to
Thread Manufacturer Dies.
SOUTH WELLINGTON", Conn., Ajrll
17. Gardiner Hall, millionaire manu
facturer of cotton and silk thread,
died at his home today. He was 78
SOME EVENTS IN
WILSON ASKED TO
U of O
Long Cablegram Sent
JAPANESE DECLARED MENACE
Future Trouble for United
States Is Predicted.
TROOP QUOTA IS DOUBLED
President ' "Urged to Tell Japan to
AVithdraw Her Excessive Forces.
Tolls, Amounting to $6000,
Paid by Pekin Officials.
PEKIN, April 17. Intervention by
the United States in the negotiations
now proceeding between China and
Japan Is recommended to President J
Wilson In the appeal recently sent to
him by American missionaries in this
country. The message of 5000 words
was cabled to Washington. It charac
terizes the Japanese demands on China
as acts of aggression such as event
ually will present a menace to the
Recalling the fact that Japan has at
present In this country doubled her
usual quota of troops (amounting to
60,000 men), the missionaries urge that
Japan be notified that the excess of
troops should be removed.
Chinese Par Cable Tolls.
The understanding here is that a
Chinese official or several officials
paid the, cable charges, amounting to
nearly $6000, on the message to Presi
dent Wilson. This communication was
signed by Revs. E. W. Thwing, John
Wherry, C. H. Fenn, and W. A. P. Mar
tin, all connected with the American
Presbyterian Mission at Pekin; Rev.
Chauncey Goodrich, of the American
Board of Commissioners for Foreign
Missions, who ia stationed at Tien Tsin;
Rev. H. H. Lowry. of the Methodist
Episcopal Mission at Fekln, and Rev.
C. F. Hubbard.
The petition asks President Wilson
to demand of China and not of Japan
American participation In the confer
ences now under way. It is suggested
that Great Britain and other nations
be invited to participate.
Many Hrfune to Join In Appeal..
There are in China several hundred
American missionaries, of whom the
great majority have not seen the mes
sage. Some of them who were re
quested to sign it. declined. The Amer
ican board recently requested its mis
sionaries to avoid public expression of
opinion on political affairs and al
though it is said the missionaries gen
erally side with China in the present
controversy, few of them have been
' The missionaries ask "that the gov
ernments of both China and Japan be
notified that the presence of unusual
bodies of Japanese troops on Chinese
soil not only embarrasses the freedom
of negotiations, but constitutes an out
rage to the rights of China and a seri
ous menace to the peace and safety of
Americans and foreigners, generally,'
and recommends that "pending the re
moval of excessive contingents of Jap
anese troops all negotiations should be
Rule Under Republic Praised.
Declaring that "we wish it under
stood that we are not partisans," the
"Let it not be thought that China is
a republic only in name because of the
autocratic powers at present vested In
the republic. The powers of his high
office are wisely and patriotically ex
ercised. The formalities and parade
of kingly station re all avoided and
Concluded on Page 2.)
THE PAST WEEK'S NEWS
TJVRJE A SOA7 DFCOt
TS SV J-AiJ? iaay o- JKCB
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTEKDAT'S Maximum temperature,
7.1 degrees; minimum, 50 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair, northerly winds.
Berlin believes "Russians have been brought
to standstill in Carpathians, with losses
of 500,000 men. Section 1, page 4.
French bombard German shelter caves with
heavy artillery. Section 1, page 4.
Germans set up laboratory near battle front
and fignt infection in occupied cities.
Section 1. page 3.
Germany not near starvation. Section 1,
Paris streets formerly congested by traffic
almost deserted by vehicles. Section 1.
Governor's brief denies Oregon Vfc Cali
fornia Railroad has equity in lands.
Section 1. page 2.
Missionaries ask Wilson to interveno in
China, declaring Japanese pressure will
be menace to America. Section 1, page 1.
Republican leaders embarrassed by wealth
of material from which to choose Presi
dential nominee. Section 1, page 1.
Mrs. Rockefeller leaves $1, 500,000 to charity.
Section J, page .
Opposition to advance in freight rates on
grain voiced at hearing. Section 1.
Diver working on F-4 nearly Iobos own life;
heroic rescue made. Section 1, page 1.
Pacific Coast "League results Venice 2,
Portland 1 (11 innings); San Francisco
J", Uos Angeles 2; Salt Lake 1. Oak
land 0.- Section 2, page 1.
Johnnv Evers is injured in course of Braves'
first victory. Section 2, page 1.
Oregon State Trapshooters' tournament to
take placa at Jcnne Station grounds next
week. Section 2, page 5.
Portland golfers leave for match with Eu
gene Club. Section 2. page 4.
Dublin Giant looms as aspirant for Willard
honors. Section 2, page 3.
George Kircher, recent Beaver acquisition,
real baseball bug. Section 2, page 3l
Council will act on anti-prizefight ordinance
probably this week. Section 2, page 3.
Waning Interest leaves hole In Western
championships' coffers, section 2. page 4.
St. Louis Americans defeat White Sox with
great ninth-inning rally. Section 2,
Leonard Seppala's dogs win In race to Nome.
Section 2, page 2.
Senator Poindexter announces he will seek
re-election as Republican. Section 1.
Ex-Governor West wins suit at Baker grow
ing out of acts of militia at Copperfield.
Section 1, page 1.
"Stay on farms," advises Governor Withy
combe at great gathering at Salem. Sec
tion 1. page if.
Japanese girl . wins spelling championship of
Clackamas County. Section 1, page 10.
Head of Republicans now Idaho issue.' Sec
tion 1. page 9.
Head ot University of Oregon law school
pleads for higher ideal for attorneys.
Section 1, page 13.
Great flax industry in 'Oregon held close at
hand, due to war shutting off European
supply. Section 1. page l.
Preliminary bridge work is under way.
Section 2. page 16. .
Missionary writes of thrilling escape from
Kurds. Section 1, page S.
Commercial and Marine.
Eastern mill Is large buyer of Washington
wool. Section 2, page 15.
Wheat higher at Chicago on expectation of
big decrease in visible supply. Section 2,
Wall Street "trading ends with highest
prices of week. Section 2. page 15.
Beaver makes fast run from San Francisco
to Portland. Section 2, page 10.
Krai Estate and Building.
Road bond victory fills realty dealers with
optimism. Section 4, Page 10.
Contracts for big buildings let. Section 4,
Automobiles and Roads.
Speed kings coming for auto races May 1-2.
Section T. page 9.
Barney Oldfield leads all drivers In amount
of winnings in Pacific Coast races. Sec
tion 4, page 8.
Washington asks aid In posting Pacific
.Highway. Section 4. page S.
Albany club seeks law making funds from
sale of timber In reserves available for
roads. Section 4, page 9.
C. C. Clinton will handle Stearns in Oregon.
Washington and Idaho. Section 4, page 0
Portland and Vicinity.
Governor of Federal Reserve Board guest
of Portland bankers. Section 1, page. 11.
Bride of two weeks today will wear wed
ding gown for first time at her own
funeral. Section 1, page 1.
H. W. Holmes to become Assistant State
Highway Engineer. Section 1, page 11.
Fire Marshal, after Eastern visit, ardent
advocate of tour by police band. Sec
tion 1, page 11.
Committees report on plans for entertain
ing delegates to Federation convention.
Section 1, page 12.
Two years work transformation at County
Farm. Section 1, page 12.
Spirit of Muts begins to pervade Nation.
Section 1, page 14.
Compilations by City Librarian rank Port
land second in Improvements. Section 1,
East Side shippers -will meet with railroad
officials tomorrow. Section 1, page 17.
New Moose officers are Installed. Section
1, page 17.
Oregon City Locks transfer celebration will
be big feature of Celilo fete. Section 1,
Serbia Asked to Vote $40,000,000.
NISH. Serbia, via London, April 17.
The Serbian government submitted to
Parliament today the new army credit
of 200,000.000 francs.
APPEARED TO CARTOONIST REYNOLDS AS HEREUNDER SHOWN.
X PEACE !
TO PAY POR
Plethora of Material
JEALOUSIES ALREADY FEARED
Impression Gains Nominee Is
Not Yet in Field.
UNITED ACTION DESIRED
Note Taken of- Possible Objection
to Men Mentioned, With View to
Cementing; AH Elements
by Final Decision.
WASHINGTON, April 17. (Special.)
Republican leaders here are hoping
for another Mark Hanna to point to the
most available man to nominate for
the Presidency next year.
Candidates for the nomination are
springing up all over'thc country and
the leaders find themselves embar
rassed because of the number from
which to make selection. They fear
Jealousies that may arise and possible
lukewarmness In the fight because of
Man AVanted to Unite Party.
A somewhat similar condition existed
in 1896, when Mark Hanna came to the
front with McKinley, smoothing out all
difficulties and differences and leading
a united party to the polls for a
There Is a growing impression that
the party nominee has not yet been
brought out, but from what quarter he
is to come no one will 'venture to
guess. They are looking for a man
behind whom all Republicans can
gather and work. They want a can
didate against whom no general objec
tion can be raised, and they are taking
note of the complaints being made
against most of the candidates who
have been brought to the front.
Various Possibilities Weighed.
Senator Koot, of New York, is 72
years "young," according to his friend.
Those against him object that he is
too old for the nomination and that
he has not the physical vigor to go
out and make the fight required of a
standard-bearer. Governor Whitman,
of New York, is objected to on the
ground that he is not experienced, and
Ex-Senator Burton, of Ohio, leans
strongly to independence in personal
action, is a pacificist and is slightly
querulous also. In his fights against
the rivers and harbors appropriation
bills he has made enemies, who may
turn out to be powerful opponents, it
Myron T. Herrick. of Ohio, is being
opposed by German-Americans and a
wing of the Irish-American vote be
cause of his alleged pro-French sym
pathies, as indicated In speeches and
writings since his return from the post
of Ambassador to France.
Ohio Haa More Candida tea.
Governor Willis and Senator Hard
ing, of Ohio, must face the objection
that they are unknown nationally, and
each will have a bitter fight to get
the united support of their state.
Senator Cummins, of Iowa, is being
opposed by the regular Republicans be
cause of his radical tendencies and his
previous fight against old leaders of
Ex-Governor Hadley, . cf Missouri,
and Senator Borah, of Idaho, are con
sidered seriously, but It is urged that
the geographical location of their
states is against them.
Ex-Vice-President Fairbanks, of In
diana, is opposed by the progressive
(Concluded on Page 7.)
WEDDING GOWN IS
IiKIDK OJ.'' TWO WLliKS WEAItS
HII1DAL GAItli FinST TIMK.
Mrs. Annie Jacobson, Who Occupied
Cot in Hospital Ever Since Mar
riage, Hurled This Arternoon.
Mrs. Annie Jacobson. who has occu
pied a cot in the Good Samaritan Hos
pital ever since her marriage to Alof
Jacobson, two weeks ago, died Friday
night. She will wear her wedding
gown for the first time at her funeral
Rushed to the hospital immediately
after the wedding, Mrs. Jacobson was
operated on for appendicitis. For a
time she seemed to improve. Then com
plications developed, the sank slowly
Formerly . Mrs. Jacobson was Miss
Annie Johanson. She planned her
wedding for April 3. She and Mr. Ja
cobson fitted up a homo at 1113 Michi
gan avenue. The day before the wed
ding Miss Johanson was stricken with
appendicitis. Unwilling to postpone
the marriage, she went to the home
of her cister, Mrs. John Nelson, 1SC
First street. Rev. J. Richard Olson, of
the Immanucl Lutheran Church, was
summoned and performed the cere
mony. Immediately afterward the
minister put the bride In his automo
bile and took her to the hospital.
The operation was performed on the
night of the wedding. Complications
developed. Friday, realizing that she
could not live, she requested that she
be buried in her wetlding dress, which
she had never worn.
The funeral will be held at 2 o'clock
this afternoon from Erickson's under
ROAD BUYING EQUIPMENT
Pennsylvania in Market for Male
rial Worth $20,000,000.
PHILADELPHIA. April 17. The
Pennsylvania Railroad Company lias
entered the market for approximately
$20,000,000 worth of new equipment and
for new material for cars and locomo
tives which it will build In its own
The equipment programme includes
141 new locomotives, 116 all-steel pas
senger cars and about 10,000 freight
cars. All the locomotives, 56 of the
passenger cars and 2102 of the freight
cars will be built at the company's
shops at Altoona. while the remainder
will be placed with outside companies.
The new equipment is to he used for
replacements and will not be additions
to the present equipment.
BOY EARNS $5; FINED $4.15
Passenger Carried 1'2 Miles in n
Minutes to Overtake Train.
ASHLAND. Or.. April 17. (Special.)
Verl Kijruthouse. local Southern Pa
cific call boy, motorcycled to Medford
with a. pas.senger who missed his train
and overtook it at that station. The
distance, 12 miles, was covered in 14
minutes. He received $5 for this serv
ice, the regular fare being 40 cents.
For speeding on the Pacific Highway
he was arrested and fined 14.15.
Later on he received a check from the
stranger for $5 to square the fine. The
passenger whom Baruthou.se accommo
dated turned out to be Lieutenant Car
tier, a British army officer from Vic
toria, B. C.
PAULINA LAKE ICE-WRAPT
I'ive Thousand Acres I-Yozen 11
Inches Thick and Snow Is Heavy.
LA PINE. Or.. April J 7. (.Special.)
five thousand acres of ice. averag
ing 11 inches In thickenss, still remains
in Paulina Lake. Paulina is the larger
of the two lakes situated in the depth
of Newberry Crater.
Frederick Shintaffer, who has c lease
on a. Summer resort site an.d mineral
springs In the crater, came down to
La Pine yesterday after provisions. He
says, in addition to the ice, there is a
thick layer of snow all around Newberry.
VERDICT AT BAKER
WON BY MR. WEST
Jury Out 7 Hours in
EX-GOVERNOR IS JUSTIFIED
Outcome of Saloonman's Suit
Decides Others, Too.
MILITARY'S ACTS UPHELD
Judge's Instructions Make luly t
Inquisitors to on Legal
ity of Seizure of Properly
Valued at $1000.
BAKER. Or.. April 17. (Special.)
Ex-Governor West won tonight in the
suit brought In Circuit Court here
against liini by Williuin Wlctrand, Cop
perfield saloonkeeper, for damages p 1 -leged
to have been caused by the re
moval of liquor and saloon fixtures
from his saloon, when Governor West
declared martial law In Copperfield.
after Fern Hubbs' visit on January
The Jury returned the verdict nt 7:4
o'clock, after being out seven hours.
Nine were for the. ex-Governor and
three dissenting. The first several bal
lots the Jurors stood right for the de
fendant and four against, and the dis
senting ones did not change until after
Attorney James H. Nichols, for the
plaintiff, refused tonight to commit
himself to his future action.
The verdict was a surprise heir, lie
cause it was thought that the length
of lime occupied by the jury in its dr..
liberations indicated an anti-West ver
dict, and when the verdict was rend by
Circuit Judge Anderson the few pres
ent teemed dazed.
Attorney Appear 9urprianl.
Mr. West's attorney. Prank H. Col
lier, and Claud McColloch also seemed
surprised, but had nothing to say. Wil
liam Wlrgand, the plaintiff, was not
present in court. .
Ex-Governor West also was not pres
ent, although he was notified in time
At Hie Geiser-Grand Hotel, while pitcW
ing to leave for Portland, he clearly
"I came here convinced I would get
a square deal, even should I lose," ho,
said. "I was naturally anxious that the
verdict should be in my favor, for th
case has been one which attracted
statewide attention, InvoI lug the great
question of human rights. The. ques
tion, 1 believe, is now settled for good
and all, and the. rights of the human
being are acknou ledged to be superior
to those involving mere properly."
4'rowd t'onitratiilatea Mr. Writ.
When he showed himself in the hotf I
lobby afterward he was immediately
besieged by a crowd congratulating
him on his victory.
The outcome ilso decides other dam
ago suits against the cx-Governor,
brought by II. A. Stewart and Anion-)
Warner, it is said, for the cases were
of tiie same nature, and attorneys for
plaintiff and defendant are said to have
agreed to accrept one verdict us deciding
all tile cases.
The courtroom was again crowded
nd the one topic on the street tonight
is Hie case.
Amount Mlln to HMM.
In his charge. Judge Anderson showed
how tho amount involved had sifted to
$1000. the value of tho goods us set
forth by the appraisers.
"The greatest sum in which you can
return damages. In case you find for
the plaintiff, is 11000, plus Interest at
6 per cent," he said.
"Whether or not Oswald West is
liable is for you to determine. The