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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 25, 1915)
Pages 1 to 18
VOT,. XXXIV. XO. 17.
PORTLAND, OREGOX, SUNDAY MOHNING, APRIL 2o, 1913.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
SECOND BATTLE OF
YPRES IS WIDENING
Action Hottest Yet De
veloped in West.
CALAIS IS GERMAN OBJECTIVE
Cannonading Now Heard as
Far Away as Coast Towns.
GAS BOMBS CAUSE PANIC
Jijili jxlat Missiles l-Hrcd by Ger
mans Have Effect at liixschoote,
but Canadians Recover Fart
of Lost Ground.
B5T WILL IK WIN.
tCopyrig-ht, 3915, by the Ner York Tribune.)
NORTH OF FHANCE, April 24. (Spe
cial.) There ia no doubt that the ac
tion which has been proceeding abojj
Ypres and which will probably be
known in history as the second battle
of Ypres, is the hardest and hottest
yet developed on the extreme western
Indeed, no battle of the war has de
veloped so much action on so con
centrated a front. It is the third des
perate attempt of the Germans since
this war began to break through the
combined British and Belgian lines and
take the Important city of Calais.
Action Widens Hourly.
From attack on one small but import
ant hill, the action has spread until It
involves at least half of the British
Belgian lino and it is widening hourly.
It began a week ago in an attack on
hill 60, where- the Germans held posi
tions of great importance to the use
of their artillery. There had been min
ing and counter-mining. Had the Brit
ish not fired the three mines, which
precipitated the action, the Germans,
before the day Was done, would doubt
less have blown up thoBritish posi
tions at their front.
Through severe fighting the British
secured the craters and held them
against strong counter-attacks.
British Hold Most of Hill.
At the present time, and contrary to
German reports. General French's army
retains all this hill except the portion
stiategetically important on its forward
slope. During the fight for this hill
the British counter-attacked several
times to prevent the Germans from
drawing off reinforcements to the
critical point. This series of attacks
nnd counter-attacks, running along the
whole line, developed Into that general
attack on the British lines, with Calais
for the objective, which the Germans
probably have been planning ever since
matters have threatened to come to a
deadlock in the Carpathians.
The Germans, making full use of
their artillery, launched infantry at
tacks in their old manner close
locked. As formerly, the British and
French slaughtered them severely with
machine gun and rifle fire.
Asphyxiating Bonb Fired.
Then on Thursday the Germans sud
denly threw in that attack with as
phyxiating bombs, which will doubt
less become famous in this war. It
succeeded In breaking the line of the
French near Blxschoote. although not
to a large extent.
The nearest British support was part
of the Canadian contingent. Fighting
with desperate bravery, the Canadians
succeeded in recovering part of the lost
ground. They are still at It today. On
a favorable wind the sound of cannon
ading can be heard as far away as the
The nature of the gases carried by
(v.'onrlurlrd on rafffl O. Column 4.
DIMES POUR IN
FOR BELGIAN AID
GIRLS SELL COUNTLESS TAGS
OX POJtTLAXD STREETS.
Sale Originated by Miss Eva Ancion,
Pretty Xative of Stricken Nation.
By Midnight $500 Is Counted.
Something akin to the spirit of the
Belgians In the crisis of war was he
spirit of tag-selling in Portland yester
day when a small bevy of girls sold
numberless red cross tags for a dime
each and amassed a sizable sum for the
Belgian relief fund.
Not content to work the day through,
the' girls smiled their way into the
night crowd and swelled, the fund ma
terially. At midnight even the proceeds had
not been counted, inasmuch as the
dimes were still trickling and tinkling
into the half-dozen coffers about the
Miss Eva Ancion, originator of the
sale, a pretty Belgian girl, Miss Maxine
Hembrce and Miss Corine Clark worked
the theaters and late crowds with tell
ing effect. Miss Ancion sold $66 worth
of the little red crosses. Another, con
sistent worker was Miss Freda Dangle,
who sold 134 worth of tags. About $100
of the $500 which had been collected at
a late hour last night was taken in by
Dr. O. Gossin, a Belgian of Portland.
Other successful workers were Mrs. A.
E. Beard, Miss June Fiske, Miss Mar
Jorle Crittenden and Miss Dorothy Lo
ENGINEERS WIN BATTLE
British Success of II ill 60 Due to
Speed in Driving Tunnel.
LONDON. April 24. The Daily Mail
correspondent in Northern France, in
a dispatch describing the British at
tack on Hill 60, southeast of Ypres..
"The British success was due largely
to the speed of the tunnel engineers,
for the explosion of the British mines
anticipated by oniy a short time a simi
lar move planned by the German engi
neers. "Hill 60 is only 200 yards long. The
fighting there has been more terribly
concentrated than in any spot in his
tory. The whole hill is mined, trenched,
sandbagged and covered. Some of the
enemy's trenches are still virtually 'on
the hill within 20 yards of the British
"The Canadian troops have been spe
cially commended by the British com
manders for the speed and precision
with which they dug themselves in
DANKL EXPECTS LONG WAR
Austrian Commander AVill Not At
tempt Even Approximate Date.
GENEVA, via Paris. April 24 Gen
eral Dankl, of the Austrian army, is
of the opinion that the war will not
come to an end soon.
This Austrian commander, who has
been active In defending the Carpa
thian passes against the Russians, ex
pressed this opinion to Major Tanner,
of the Swiss army, who is also cor
respondent of the Basel Nachrlchten
He declared, the war would last for a
long time and said he could not fix
even an approximate date for its end.
He said also that the Swiss govern
ment had preserved its neutrality
splendidly, favoring neither side.
2 BOYS HURT IN COLLISION
Machine Crashes Into Car Driven
by T. J. Clark.
Two unidentified boys were injured
in a collision between their automob'ile
and a machine driven by T. J. Clark,
of the Newmarket Garage, Second and
Ankeny streets, at 8:30 o'clock last
night. Both machines were damaged
Mr. Clark told the police that he col
lided with the boys as he turned into
Burnslde street from East Twenty
fourth street. He said the boys were
driving at a. high rate of speed. The
boys were taken to the Good Samaritan
It is believed that each received a
TOPICS OF THE
BRITISH ARE LED BY
MosC" -, . dined "Offi
cers Lost in Battle.
TERRITORIALS SEEM SEASICK
Panic and Heavy Losses En
sue in First Engagement's.
AERIAL FLEET EFFECTIVE
Proportion of Airmen Casualties Is
Less Than 'in Any Other Arm
of Active Army Trenches Not
, Entirely Uncomfortable.
BY ROBERT R. M'CORMICK.
(Copyright. 1015. by the Chicago Tribune.
Published by arrangement.)
BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN
FRANCE, March 20. The extreme
front of the ermy presents many in
congruities found in the rear and In
the artillery zone.
Vilages and farms are Just as thick.
The buildings are more or les demol
ished and all of them are shrapnel and
bullet scarred, yet so strong are they
that they still furnish considerable
shelter against both enemies the Ger
mans and the weather.
Light Shelter Is Ample.
The weather, indeed, is not a for
midable foe. If cover is found from
the rain a reasonable amount of wool
en clothing will take care of the cold.
Thus a couple of shell holes and a part
of the roof blown oil do not render
a building uninhabitable as they would
in our Winter.
As the reserves must be kept in con
siderable numbers in the rear of the
trenches, it has .been necessary to
build wood huts. These, generally in
the rear of an elevation or in a wood,
are- not dissimilar from lumbermen's
brush houses at home. I walked Into
several of them and talked with the
Tommies, as British professional sold
iers are called. .
They were a heart-gladdening crowd,
without a word of complaint. Their
only idea was to outlast the enemy.
Once when the officer who was giving
up a day to us remained outside the
hut I asked a corporal who was shav
ing why he did It. I could not get
any answer from him. He could not
understand what I meant by such a
fool question. For him a shave was
part of the uniform.
Trenches Not Uncomfortable.
From the reserves we walked to the
supports Intrenched in two lines in
the rear of the firing line. Here again
the men were not entirely uncomfort
able. 1 do not feel at liberty to describe
the method by which defense from the
enemy was combined with cover from
the Weather. It will suffice to say
that the structure is more comfortable
than any duck blind I have been, in
and that it was as well hidden.
The soldiers were in excellent spirits
and their apearance belied the state
ment that they had suffered severe
hardships. I believe these were some
of the men who a few days later took
part in the successful assault at La
Bassee. They were so pleased at be
ing photographed that I promised to
send them copies of the pictures.
We were allowed to go as far as the
first line of supports, about 50 yards
from the firing line and as far again
from the enemy, but no farther.
We had expected to get into the
front trench, and for a moment the
sense of disappointment was almost as
great as the feeling of obligation for
all the hospitality received.
As a palliative for our feelings Ve
(Concluded on Page 6. Column 1.)
TIMES THAT LOOM UPPERMOST GET THE ATTENTION OF CARTOONIST
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Battle line rocks to and fro In fierce fighting
on western front. Section 1, page 6.
Submarine activity in North Sea is re
newed. Section 1, page 7. '
French eye witness describes capture of
A Illy wood, near St. MlbieL Section 1.
Russians and Austrian- both suffer enor
mous losses Id Carpathians. Section 1.
Secon-i battle of Ypres develops into hottest
action -of war in west. Section 1. page 1.
Most of trained officers of British army lost
In battle. Section 1, page 1.
Nephew of Bismarck is typical German
farmer. Section 1, page 7.
German Socialists chafe under military cen
sorship. Section 1, page 7.
Widow of John B. McManus will stay In
Mexico to hold property husband died
trying to protect. Section 1, page 8.
Senator Borah's promise .of full statement
of attitude toward National ticket arouses
general inteerst. Section 1, page 5.
Washington society shocked at McCombs
family estrangement. Section 1, page 2.
President of Model License League assails
Anti-saloon League. Section 1, page u.
Barnes' suit against Colonel expected to
last two weeks. Section 1, page 0.
Strikers declared to have fired first shots
in Colorado mine battles. Section 1.
Remarkable records made at University of
Oregon track and field meet. Section '-.
New York Americans pound mighty Walter
Johnson. Section 2, pace 2.
Braves break Phillies' great winning streak.
Section 2, page 2.
Practice day events of Oregon state trait
shoo 1 1 n tourney take place today at
Portland tiun Club traps. Section 2.
Western golfers rated lower with exception
of Chick Evan. Section 2, page 5.
Baseball early calls Carisch from work in
father's brewery. Section 2, page 2.
Seals are not likely to grab pennant in run
away race. Section 2. page 1.
Wlllard wins championship due to his de
termination despite early scoffing of
sports. Section 2, page 5.
Eugene golf players planning trip to Mcd
ford for return intercity tournament. Sec
tion 2, page 5.
Oregon track team's attention is on games
in San Francisco. 'Section 2, page 4.
Some bushers practically refuse to accept
releases from McGraw and he has to bar
them out of park. Section -, page 4.
Pacific Coast l,eague results: Portland 8.
Salt Lake T- ( innings!: Los Angeles 6.
Oakland 2; Venice 4, Ssn Francisco 2.
Section 2. page 1.
H. Chandler Egaa Is beaten in golf tourney.
Section 2, page 3.
World's relay record broken at Pennsylvania
games. Section 2, page 3.
City League first place at stake today. Sec
tion 2. page 3.
Xew rating of golf players shows stars of
West are fading.. Section 2, page 4.
Pact tic Northwest.
Three lost 'and three saved when Randolph
is wrecked at .Bandon. Section 1, page L
Governor Lister, of Washington, may run
for Senate. - Section 1, .page y.
Advertising man tells Kugene students honor
Is first requisite in business.. Section 1.
Idaho Republican leaders seek state chair
man to harmonize all party forces. Sec
tion 1. page H.
Corvallis man is stabbed to death in home.
Section 1, page 3. . . - -
Commercial and Marine.
Mohair sells at highest ")riee of season at
Brownsville. Section 2, page 17.
Company formed to make Portland leading
-Western wool center. Section 2, page 17.
Wall street stock market develops 'unlooked
for strength. Section 2, page 17.
Wheat higher at Chicago on European buy
ing. Section 2, page 17.
North Bank fleet purchased by Drake C.
O'Reilly. Section 2, page 6.
Deed, to Oregon City locks someplace In
mall and closing of transaction awaits
its arrival. Section 2. page 3.
Portland and Vicinity.
Ex-President Taft to be' accompanied by
wiftt and daughter on Portland visit. Sec
tion 1. page 11.
Senator Lane home for Summer. Section 1,
Portland men back from Elks' convention in
Centralia greatly pleased, but tired. Sec
tion 1, page 10. ,
Allegorical wedding to mark union of Snake
and Columbia rivers. Section 1. Page 12.
City Auditor would have aspirants draw
straws to see who files first Wednesday
morning. Section 1. Page 13.
Festival queen will be elected by newspaper
coupon method. Section 1, page 12.
Six measures are on ballot and four pend
for June election. Section 1. page 17.
All clubs pledge aid to Police Band for tour
over continent. Section 3, page 10.
Degree of Honor is launched on career as
Independent order. Section 1. page Itt.
Woodmen will greet Head Consul Boalt to
day. Section 1. page 16.
William F. Woodward advocates Stevens
bill to eliminate rate cutting. Section 1,
Work and problems of Visiting Nurse As
sociation reviewed. Section 1, page 15.
First of novel street-corner maps Is ready.
Section 1, page 14.
Sons of Revolution will gather here in July.
Section 1, page 14.
Letter from German officer received here
by Miss F. C. It. Grothgeun says "Eng
land can't starve us." Section 1, page 14-
Remodelling nearly done at the Portland
adds to attractiveness of hotel. Section
1, Page 13.
Visiting Nurses dispense cheer to host of
needy ill. Section 1, Page 14.
Ground is broken for last unit of East Stark
street sewer trunk. Section 1, Pa?e 13.
c?oivoyfj- Tr g-oo
DEPUTIES FIRED ON
FIRST, SAYS COWBOY
Rout of Colorado Offi
SAFETY IS SOUGHT IN FLIGHT
Colorado Militiaman Admits
Service Under Sheriff.
STRIKERS' TRIAL GOES ON
Other Deputies Tell or Battle In
Which Many Shots Were Fired
and Out of Which Charge of
Murder Mas Grown.
TRINIDAD, Colo., April 24. Testimo
ny that the battle between deputy
Sheriffs and striking coal miners on
October 25, 1913. in which John Nlm
mo was killed, was begun when a
party of deputies was fired on by a
crowd of armed men near the Ludtow
depot was given today in the trial of
John R- Law-son on a charge of mur
der. Lawson is accused of being in com
mand of the strikers on the day of the
battle. The defendant is the district
No. 15 member of the international ex
ecutive committee of the United Mine
Workers of America.
Cot puncher Sees Shoot la a-.
Charles I Fanning, a young cow
puncher, was the witness who told of
the beginning of the battle. He said
that he was a deputy Sheriff, stationed
at the Ludlow section-house in the
early days of the recent strike of the
miners. With other deputies he started
on horseback to go to the Ludlow sta
tion to meet the afternoon train from
Trinidad, as was customary. He was
about 100 yards ahead of his compan
ions. "What did you see as you approached
the station?'' asked Norton Montgom
ery. Assistant Attorney-General.
"I saw 100 or more men around a
long string of boxcars."
"How many were armed?"
Men With Guns Start nattle.
"I saw about 60 with guns.'"
"What happened then of an unusual
"The first thing that happened w-as
when they began shooting at me. and I
turned around and went back."
"Did you go fast or slow?" queried
"I went pretty fast."
"Did you run your horses?"
"Yes, I ran them."
Fanning detailed his part in the bat
tle which followed the retreat of the
party which had started for the sta
tion. He told of seeing the body of
(nsrdnniaB Is Also Deputy.
Before Fanning took the stand, the
cross-examination of K. K. Llnderfelt.
a former deputy Sheriff, was completed.
Llnderfelt said he had served six
months in Mexico under Madcro and
had seen military experiences in China
and the Philippines. He aaid he was
a First Lieutenant in the Colorado Na
tional Guard at the time he was com
missioned a deputy Sheriff in October,
1913. He said he did not see which side
fired the first shot.
Linderfeli declared that he never
worked for a mining company until
two months ago, when he took a po
sition with the Victor-American Fuel
Company, at Hastings. He said he was
no longer in the employ of that com
James H. Wilson testified that he was
commissary and paymaster for the
party of deputy Sheriffs stationed at
(Concluded on Page 2; Column 1.)
Saturday's War Moves
THE Germans are pouring troops Into
Flanders to press the attack which
at the beginning has forced the allies
back to the Yser Canal to the north
Thia movement, according to reporta
reaching Holland, has assumed even
greater dimensions than those which
preceded the battle that raged for
more than two weeks In this same
region last October. On that occasion
the operations ended in the discom
fiture of the Germans, who had de
clared their intention of pushing their
way through to Calais!
London believes that the Germans
have a similar aim now and have set
out to capture Ypres. which is described
as the key to the French ports.
While the attack originally met with
considerable success, duo, according to
the allies' reports, to the use, by the
Germans of asphyxiating gases, it is
said to have been checked. The Cana
dians, who held the extreme left of
the British lino and were forced to re
tire when the rest of the front was
pressed back, made a brilliant counter
attack, regaining most if not all the
ground which they had conceded, and
retaking four guns which they had left
in the hands of the Germans. In the
words of Sir John French, they "saved
The British report does not say how
much ground they recovered, but the
statement In the Berlin official report
that a British attack at St. Julien was
repulsed shows that they are well back
In their old positions, for this town,
which is on the main road between
Ypres and Poelcappelle, is immediately
south of Bangemarck, from which point
the German attack was launched.
The Germans, however, still maintain
their hold on the Yser Canal farther
north, for they speak of storming the
village of Lizerne. which is across the
canal between the towns of Stecn
straate and Het Sast, which they took
in their first rush. The German attack
to the south of Ypres, which was made
simultaneously with that to the north,
apparently has failed entirely.
These attacks are believed to have
been the beginning ofanother big bat
tle, which, with both aides strongly
entrenched, promises to be one of the
bitterest and bloodiest of the war.
Telegrams from Holland tell not only
of the movement of German reinforce
ments to the front, but of long trains
of dead and wounded, which are passing
to the rear a condition of affairs
which also must exist in the rear of
the allied army. The outcome of this
battle ia awaited with the utmost con
cern. In the meantime fighting goes on in
Champagne and the Wocvre, as well as
in the Carpathians. Despite torrential
rains, the Russians appear to have re
sumed their attacks on the Austro
German positions guarding -Lxsok Pass.
The capture by the Russians of hill
1001, It is contended, will greatly facil
itate their operations, reducing in Im
portance hill 92, which the Austrians
Confirmation of this new Russian of
fensive is contained in the Austrian of
ficial report, which records fighting on
Turka road, which traverses Uxaok
There Is no official news as yet of
the operations in the Dardanelles or
the North Sea, but in the latter region
there is evidence of activity on the part
of Germans, who have sunk or captured
several neutral vessels. The Danish
steamer Nidaros was captured; the
Norwegian barks Oscar and Eva and
the Swedish steamer Ruth were torpe
doed by submarines; the Norwegian
steamer Caprivl was blown up by a
mine off the English coast, while Ihe
Finnish steamer Frack was torpedoed
In the Baltic.
Diplomats are watching Italy, which,
apparently has not yet reached a deci
sion on her future attitude. The fact
tnat the meeting of the Council of
Ministers called for yesterday was
postponed, would seem to indicate that
negotiations between Italy and the Ger
manic allies are still proceeding, or
that Italy is waiting for a final answer
to her demands for territorial conces
sions. Assailant of Kg pi's Sultan Hanged.
CAIRO, Egypt. April 24. The young
Egyptian merchant named Khalll, who
made an unsuccessful attempt to k-'ll
Hussein Kamel, the Sultan of Egypt, at
Cairo on April 8. was hanged today.
3 LOST, 3 SAVED
Schooner Randolph Is
Upset by Breaker.
TWO ARE CHOPPED FROM HULL
Lifesaving Crew Rewarded for
Using Axes on Craft.
ONE MAN SWIMS ASHORE
Ernest McConiirll, I'lirt Owner of
Boat; Ml I toil Cox, I'asscnsrr, and
K. Knorr, Cold Uracil Drug
gists, Drown In Wreck.
MARSHF1ELD. Or.. April 24. (Spe
cial.) Three lives were lot and three
saved when Ihe gasoline schooner Ran
dolph of Bandon. was overturned by a
breaker on the Bandon bar today. The
Randolph had delivered cannery sup
plies at Rogue River for the r'oabord
cannery and was returning to Bandon.
Captain Charles Anlers n and Henry
Colvin, of the crew, were rescued by
the lifesaving crew through n hole
chopped in the hull aftnr the vmsrl
had been on the beach among the
breakers for art hour, little the worse
for their experience except from nausea
due to gas fumes.
Huge Breaker fills Ship.
Those lost were: Kniest McCon
nell, part owner of the boat; Milton
Cox, a passenger; nnd It. E. Knorr, a
druggist of GolO Beach, formerly of
Marshfleld. Chaunccy Carpenter, who
for a time was thought to be the only
survivor, related seeing the huce
breaker coming and of having called
to the others in the hold to coinu out.
None answered and the craft overturned
at mce. Carpenter swam ashore and
was taken to his home In Bandon ex
hausted. The tide was going out while the
lifesaving crew was working at the
wreck to discover, if possible, those
who were thought to be underneath.
It Is believed the vessel will be lost.
Her position is just south of the south
Vessel Wrecked Three 1 ears A ate.
The Randolph went ashore at Rogue
River three years ngo and was not
salved for several weeks, when she was
drawn across the south apit and re
paired. The craft was onco in trouble
on a spit at the mouth of the Columbia
River. John Anderson, the Randolph's
ex-captuln and part owner, sailed the
Randolph until he was killed last Fall
while walking his gangplank at Wed
derburn. The RandolDh was well known hare
among waterfront interests. She ar
rived on Her last trip April 12. ana
sailed April IS for Bandon and other
Coast ports. The vessel is owned at
Coos Kay, and was 30 feet long with a
beam of .s feet and deptn or hold or
four feet. She was built at Randolph,
Or., in 1S10.
PAIR WED IN TWO MINUTES
Jtecord-BrcaWlnjr Murriasc for Speed
Performed at Salem.
SALEM. Or.. April 24 (Special.) In
less than two minutes after Mosslo M.
Palmer. of McMinnville, and Miss
Mrtle Olson, of East Independence, en
tered the Marion County Courthouse
today they were husbaud and wife. It
was a record-breaking marriage for
County Clerk Gchlhar issued Ihe li
cense and County Judge Bushey, who
was In the Clark's oflice, performed the
ccremjny. Mrs. I.eoria Sch leek man, a
Ftster f tho bridegroom, and Thomas
McDaniel were witnesses.