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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1915)
Pages 1 to 20
vol. xxxiv. NO. 14.
PORTLAND, OREGON, - SUNDAY MOKNING, APRIL 4, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BAD RISK TODAY
TO WEAR OR XOT TO WEAK IS
Snow, Wet and Sticky,
Comes With Storm.
MANY YESSELS IN DISTRESS
Wind at Times Reaches Ve
locity of 60 Miles an Hour.
LINERS DELAY DEPARTURE
mall Prospect Left for New York's
Fifth Avenue Parade High
Tides So Mnch Damage Along;
' Xcn- Jersey Shore.
Weather Man Says if New Creation
Must Be Paraded, Family TTm-
brclla Should Be Accompanist,
Easter bonnets will be an exceed
ingly poor risk today in accident in
surance, according; to the prediction
of United States Weather Forecaster
According: to the schedule, showers
and colder weather may be expected,
and there is a deadly uncertainty as to
Just what time of the day may be se
lected for the showers. It may be
further noted that the United States
Weather Bureau listed under the harm
less-sounding; heading: of "showers
those occasions yesterday and Friday,
when the heavens opened and dumped
a quarter of an inch of water on the
landscape in the short space of two
The showers may hold off for the
Easter parade and give milady a chance
to take her new Easter bonnet out
where it may be "seen of men" and
remarked about jealously by women.
An embargo may be established at the
Inappropriate time and oblige the owner
to wear last Winter's hat, while the
beautiful new creation reposes in its
Worse yet! Smiling skies may lure
her out to the Easter morning service
and then the April spirit of perversity
may blow up a deluge that will break
up the after-church parade and hud
dle the glorious millinery creations.
dripping and bedraggled, under any lit
tle awning that offers protection.
The last warning is: "If you will
wear your new Easter bonnet, don't
forget to take the family umbrella
KEW TORK, April 3. New Tork and
virtually the entire Atlantic Seaboard
were in the grip of a miniature blizzard
on this, the day before Easter.
Snow, thick, wet and sticky, driven
by a northeast gale which at times at
tained a velocity of 60 miles an hour.
held up transtlantic mailings, caused
craft off the coast to scurry for shel
ter, damaged telephone and telegraph
wires, delayed interurban and suburban
trains and crippled transportation on
the surface and elevated lines.
Easter Parade la Doubtful.
The flakes were falling as fast as
ever tonight, but local weather bureau
officials believed the storm would have I J. II. Blocdell Says Only Legislation
Blown Itself out before morning-. The I , , , .
condition of the str-Pt, rnnih, n HeIP lumber Trade
remote the holding of the usual Easter
parade on F'fth avenue tomorrow. OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash-
It is the worst Easter weather New ington, April 3. J. H. Bloedell, of the
Tork ever has seen. There were 5H Bloedell. Donovan Lumber Company, of
inches of snow on April 9, 1907. but Bellingham, had an extended confer
that storm had no such accompaniment I ence today with the Trade Commission
of gale as this one, which grew from having been invited to come from New
30 to more than 60 miles an hour be- I York by Commissioner Parry to discuss
tween morning and night. Nearly three I the condition of the lumber industry.
inches of snow had fallen by night. I Mr. Bloedell told the Commission that
Storm General Along- Coast. the lumber business just now is in bad
The storm i. e-..i v t,-.,. shape, and in his opinion can only be
BLAME IS PUT ON TARIFF
helped by legislation. He attributed
a depression in conditions of the lum
ber trade in part to the tariff, but
. - -1 -1,. , , . ,
luually high tides did much damage j . i.n.. i -. ,.,
to Maine, with the heaviest gales be
tween Aew York and Virginia. Wlrel
communication was cut off and un-l
enact a law allowing lumber manufac
turers to make arrangements for a
along the New Jersey shore.
The center of the storm was report
ed to be off Cape Hatteras. where the nmmo .-urn a-nev t h.i. tr.
atcamsh.p I rins Maurlts. of the Royal with foreign buyers. This cannot be
aumn une, was in dis- done under the Sherman law. Mr.
tress a.id send.ng wireless calls for Bloedells conference was not a formal
,..' . . one.
r.ignteen coastwise and trans-Atlan
i:c sieamsnips. Including the big
,unard liner Lusitania. were tonight
waiting for some let up in the storm
so they mipht slip out to sea.
5 UFFICERS HOME
by German Army.
DEPARTMENT- IS MYSTERIOUS
No Reason Given; Possibilities
Only Are Hinted At.
MISSION DECLARED ENDED
Position of American Military Men
Said to Have Been Made Embar
rasslng by Tension Caused
by Months of War.
Vessel- Reported In Distress.
In and around New- York much dam
ace was done to telegraph and tele
phone service and this service was also
put out of commisson farther down the
coast Wireless messages from the
ocean toM of many vessels in distress.
The gale, blowing 56 miles an hour,
tore down wires heavily weighted with
wet snow and ice and it will take
many days to repair this damage. Six
inches of snow was reported in Penn
sylvania and West Virginia and a lightls,ro to to PortlaI1,1 wlth that Por-
NAVY SECRETARY COMING
Mr. Daniels Assures Senator Lane
He Will Visit Portland, Too.
OR EGONI AN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, April 3. Secretary of the Navy
Daniels, in a letter written today to Sen-
tor Lane, reiterates his Intention to
send part of the fleet to Portland after
the trip through the Panama Canal
and to San Francisco.
lie repeats that plans for this trip
are not yet completed, but it is his de-
fall was recorded in North Carolina and
Dispatches indicate clear weather
generally west of the Pennsylvania line
In the north. South of the Ohio River,
however, there were high cold winds
and rain or snow. The situation in
Oeorgia and Florida will be serious
with a further fUl in temperature, as
the fruit crop is exposed to much peril.
East 25 Dearer (older Than West.
Tourists now enjoying- the warm
hospitality of the Pacific Coast will be
interested In knowing that all the East
Is an average of 23 degrees colder than
the far West. Florida, Alabama and
troncluded on Page 2.)
tion of the fleet detained to visit the
WILSON GOLFS IN SNOW
Storm Kouts President and Guest
After They Go 14 Holes.
WASHINGTON, April 3. President
Wilson played golf today in a snow
The President went 14 holes with
a guest and then was forced to stop
because of the snowfall, which became
so heavy that the links were almost
BY J. CAIMAN O-LAUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON, April 3. (Special.)
The Administration is much surprised
tonight over the necessity which has
arisen within the last 24 hours of re
calling five of the six Army officers who
have been observing- German military
operations. This action was taken fol
lowing an intimation from the Berlin
government that tne presence of these
officers was no longer regarded desir
The officers who will leave Germany
without delay, in compliance with Ger
many's request, are: Major Dwight E.
Aultman, field artillery; Mf-jor C. C.
Williams, ordnance department; Cap
tain William B. Burtt. infantry arm;
Captain Samuel D. Rochenbach, cav
alry arm; Captain Samuel G. Schartle,
Major Previously Recalled.
A month ago Secretary Garrison re
called Major George T. Langhorae, of
the cavalry, not at the instance of the
German government, with which this
officer enjoyed high standing, but be
cause of false dispatches sent by wire
less and caught by the British and
French aerial stations which gave
false and misleading information about
the German plans and operations.
If the wishes of the German Em
peror and his subordinates had been re
pected. Major Langhorns would be with
the German army now. The Adminis
tration deemed it inexpedient, however,
for him to Tmain in Germany, and he
as ordered home. He arrived a few
days ago. After service with the Army
War College he will Join the Fifteenth
avalry, to which he has been as
"Mission Ended," Says Garrison.
Why the German government inti
mated its desire that all American mili
tary observers should be withdrawn,
the authorities will not discuss. Secre
tary Garrison merely said tonight:
"Their mission has ended."
The Administration assumes that Ger
many has asked the withdrawal of the
military observers of all neutrals. If
this is so, the United States cannot
It will be interesting now to see
whether Austria-Hungaria will follow
the example of Germany. There are I
two officers with the Austro-Hungarian
army. If they are dismissed also, it
will show that the allied governments
have consulted and decided that the
presence of American observers is In
lirave Posnlbllltlea Considered.
The authorities are apprehensive that
Germany's attitude with reference to
American military attaches forecasts
a refusal to consider the United States'
demand for reparation for the sinking
of the steamship Frye. If a categorical
refusal should come, the authorities
realize that a situation of some grav
ity would develop.
There is ho arbitration treaty in
force between the United States and
Germany. Secretary Bryan was unable
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
(Concluded on Page 2.)
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 58
degrees; minimum, 0 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair; westerly -winds.
Turkish capital depressed, but English cor
respondent warns British public against
over-confidence. Section 1. page &
Member ot Reichstag describes economic
situation In Germany. Section 1, page 7.
Germans have millions of maps of enemies
territory. Section 1, page 1.
Italian editor predicts country will enter
war before end of April. Section. 1,
Bulgarian troops Invade Serbia. Section 1,
Russians report capture of 7000 Austrians in
Carpathians. Section 1, page o.
Mexico on verge of widespread famine: mil
lions will be needed to save people, boc-
tion l, page o.
Carranza's attention again called to viola
tion oi to reign nags, section a, page
China, helpless, concedes demand after de
mand to Japan, bection l. page a.
ProDosed eauallxatlon of coal rates would
mean many reductions, faection u page o.
Great steamship combination organized by
J. P. M or can In hands or receiver, ejec
tion 1. page 2.
Angier B. Duke, of New York, Is to wed
Miss Cordelia Drexel Biadie, or i-niiauei
ohia. on Anrll 28. Section 1. page o.
Easter blizzard rages all along Atlantic
Coast. Section 1, page 1.
Pacific Coast League results: I-os Angeles
7 Portland 2: San Francisco iu, uaKinuu
; Venice-Salt Lake game postponed,
rain. Section 2, page 1.
Fight fans in Portland expect Johnson to
have easy time wita wntara. dbluwu
Yale wins boat races, which are (rowed in
blizzard. Section 2, page 3.
Two City League games scheduled for this
afternoon, section z, page
Booster buttons sell at enthusiastic meet
ing of fans. Section 2, page z.
Entries for Columbia University track meet
are arriving. . Section page o.
Motorboat Club members interested in pro
posal to form wlllamette-ColumDia pow
erboat Association, section i, pga
Return of Clarridsre boosts Oregon traca
team for Columbia meet. Section z page a.
Harry Smith declares hope of pugs in West
is lost, section z. page .
Matty tells why many apt recruits are forced
to "bushes." section a. page .
Abe Attell to box at- Orpheum after per
formances. Section 2, page 4,
Practice shows that Oregon men are strong
at bat. Section 2, page 3.
Rain hampers practice of Northwestern
League teams. Section A page z.
iTaaiih nrriinnnrsii of smaller towns-re card
ed eenerally as insufficient, iecuon x.
T.fttiA J Amines elrl exoialns victory in
spelling contest by saying sne siuaiea l
every opportunity, section i, page i
At Buena Vista advance is noted in rarms,
schools and city, section x. page e.
"Rril ca rvtmmerclal Club -backs building ot
railroad to Wlnnemucca. section x,
Hot political campaign ready to burst when
Senator poinaexter manes ms hv
Section L page 9.
Idaho executive declares he has saved state
. more than million. Section 1. page 9.
Deal In facts only in writing your advertis
ing copy, expert a aavice. eewvu.
Hood Rlvrr dissents from ortn
Fruit Distributors ana nopes
state marketing alliance.
The Dalles Council, by unanimous
rants requests or IvIddv, mcwm k
to obtain cannery. Section 1, page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Merchants Exchange rules committee de
cides to recommena znargiu. ou
Wheat prices advance at unicago on ia.r6v
export clearances. ijecuuu 6o .
Stocks close strong, with specialties moat
active features, secnon
Government survey snows improved conui-
tions at moutn oi coinmoia. dccuwu
Responses to Celllo invitations abound with
felicitations, section z, p i".
Portland and Vicinity.
Easter bonnets regarded as bad risk today
bv weather man. section l, page
Commissioner Blgelow announces himself as
candidate or re-eieciiun. oiwu
Welcome given distinguished Japanese party.
Section 1. page i.
Active campaign for road bonds to be car
ried out until electicn. section x, page jo.
Grange unanimously indorses proposed road
bond issue, section it pago 10.
Laboring men champions of proposed bona
Issue in election on Apm j. suuu -;
Commissioner makes series of recommenda
tions in annual report. Section 1, page 17.
Secretary Stone, 18 years with Portland Y.
M. C. A., credited with institution's great
srrowth. Section 1. page 16.
Sinking of T-4 mystery until craft is raised
and Investigation made. Section 1. page 1.
Wilson Administration's Philippine policy
called detrimental to islands and injurious
to Americans there. Section 1, page 15.
Portland street railway employes voluntarily
pledge loyalty to company. Section 1,
World survey of markets tell new fields for
Pacific Northwest boxmakers. section l,
Many tourists scheduled to visit Portland
and some ot excursions are announcea.
Section 1, page 13.
Three-to-one victory predicted for merger in
St. Johns vote tomorrow. - Section 1,
page 12. -
MADE BY GERMANS
Country of Enemy Is
' Set Down Minutely.
STREETS OF TOWNS RENAMED
Saturday's War Moves
Some Cities Grow When Army
of Occupation Comes.
NEW HOUSES DOT FIELDS
Population of Scores of Russian
Villa-gts Compelled to Clean tip,
Process That First Is Viewed
BY JAMES O'DOXKELL BENNETT.
W.i pnmmwinHpnt nf the Chlraeo Trib
une. Copyright, 115. by the Chicago rriDune.
ruDllsnea by arrangement.;
LOWICZ, Russia. March S. Mak
your wildest guess as to the number
of maps the German government has
issued to the army since the war began,
Making it liberal, perhaps you wiH
Making it lavish, perhaps you will
That has been my experience with
everybody of whom I have asked the
question in the last few days.
But, going as high as you dare to,
you probably won't come within miles
of the answer nor credit the answer
when it is given.
It is 36.000,000.
Every Essential Detail Given.
That means all kinds of maps, large
and small, of cities, towns, villages,
roads, provinces and departments in the
parts of the enemy's country now occu
pied by German troops, the parts of
Germany leading into the enemy's coun
try and the parts of Germany now occu
pied by the enemy. These last are not
The mapping of Lowicz illustrates the
system and the extent of it.
This Russian town, containing less
than 15.000 population, and distant more
than ten hours by rail from Berlin, has
been charted and diagramed down to
the last detail essential to the guidance
of a Prussian Major to whom its twists
and turns are utterly unknown 15 min
utes before he arrives there.
Everything; Soon Made Clear.
Fifteen minutes later he knows it as
well as he knows Potsdam. Clearly in
dicated to him on a convenient sheet of
glazed paper 4 by 6 Inches in size are
the river, the railway lines, the streets,
the squares, the two railway stations,
the military bureaus, the hospitals, the
churches, and the prisons of Lowicz. On
the little map of Lowicz before me
count 12 sharply Indicated points.
The commandant'. The information bu
The north railway ata-l reau for wounded.
tion. (The telephone ex-
The south railway ta-l change.
tion. IThe postal sorting
The provision depot. station.
The assemblylng place The officers' home.
for guns, munitions, The casino.
etc. IThe guard.
The lazarette. -
A little chauvinistic renaming was
done. The cathedral square has be
come Kaiser Wilhelm Platz and 'the
large square at the other end of the
town is now Hlndenburg Platz.
Streets) Named for Victors.
The long, narrow street that connects
the two has likewise been named in
honor of the victor of Tanneberg. An
other main thoroughfare has been given
the name of General von Mackensen.
For convenience merely, a third is
called Railway Station street. High
ways running out from the environs to
important towns in the zone of hostili
ties are carefully lettered with names
and distances Kutno, 44 kilometers"
Sochaczew, 23 kilometers; Bolimow, 17
kilometers; Skierniewic, 21 kilometers;
(Concluded on Page 6.)
THE Germans are pouring reinforce
ments Into Hungary to support the
Austrian armies, which are being hard
pressed by the Russians in the passes
of the Carpathian Mountains, and are
also, according to dispatches from Hol
land, again sending men from Belgium
to strengthen their eastern front, where
the Russians have taken the offensive.
The battle in the Carpathians con
tinues by night and day. The Russians,
who are being continually reinforced,
are making desperate efforts to force
Uzsok and Lupkow passes, and on th
success Qf these operations their army
which is on the Hungarian side of
Dukla, is waiting before continuing Its
beemingly the Russians have had
considerable success, for the offlcla
reports announce the repulse of Aua
trian attacks near Mezolaborcz, which
is due south of Lupkow pass and wes
of Izsok pass, and continued progress
in the region of the latter pass and
West of Uzsok pass, despite the stub
born resistance of the Austrians.
un April 1, the Russians say they
tuok prisoner 100 officers and 7000 men
and captured ten machine guns.
mere is no change in Poland, but
the movement of German troops from
Belgium eastward is regarded In Lon
don as indicating that their general
staff is uneasy over the activity of the
Russians along the East Prussian
frontier and in the central portion
the old kingdom. Having fortified the
whole of Belgium and having recently
opened the sluices, extending the floods
in Flanders, It is possible that they
feel secure or do not believe that the
allies will make their effort for some
weeks yet. At any rate, they have, say
i-uicn correspondents, depicted the
garrisons In Belgium and have actually
witnarawn men from the Yser front.
.Beyond tnis there is little news from
the western theater of operations. The
French, however, - continue their at
tempt to dislodge the German;, from
the forest of DePretre, in the hope that
this will compel them to evacuate St.
EITEL MAY BE ON
Not much importance is attached in
London to the raid by Bulgarian irreg
ulars into Serbia. These raids are con
tinually taking place, the only differ
ence being that the latest one was car
ried out with greater force than usual
and was aimed at the railway from
Uskuh to Saloniki. The arrival of Ser
bian reinforcements compelled the Bul
garians to retire to their own frontier
not, however, before considerable losses
were suffered on both sides.
German submarines continue their
activities, today's score being one Brit-
sh steamer, the Lockwood, and a
French fishing smack bound for New
With the return of calmer weather
it is expected the airmen will soon
become more active and reports of
proposed Zeppelin raids on England are
OFFRE SEES EARLY END
French Commander Tells Belgian
King Victory Is Xear.
PARIS, April 3. General Joffre has
predicted a speedy termination of the
war in Victory for the allies, accord-
ng to a dispatch from Dunkirk pub-
ished today in the Eclair. The dis
patch from Dunkirk reads:
'General Joffre, the French com
mander-in-chief, in the eourse of a visit
Belgian headquarters to decorate
ertain Belgian officers with the Legion
of Honor, told King Albert and Premier
De Broqueville that the war soon would
come to an end to the advantage of
WILSON SEES ALL REPORTS
Blinding Snow Gives Ideal Op
portunity for Escape.
WIRELESS ALL MUZZLED
Whether German Vessel Mas De
parted From Newport News Not to
Be Reported Until Lapse of C 1
Hours Allied Craft Await.
CROKER RISKSWAR ZONE
Tammany Ex-Chicftaln and BrJdc
Sail for Liverpool.
NEW YORK, April 3. The Cunard
line steamship Lusltania, waiting here
for the storm to abate, when she will
sail for Liverpool, has an exceptionally
large passenger list. There are more
than 200 first-cabin passengers and
75 in the second cabin.
Among them are Richard Croker
and his bride, and Mme. Lalla Vander-
elde. wife of the Belgian Minister of
State, who has collected nearly $300,-
000 here for the relief of Belgium.
WASHINGTON', April 3. Secretary
Daniels Informed President Wilson
early tonight that the Pilnz Eltel still
was at Newport News. All messages
relating to the ship were communicated
to the President as soon as received.
Obligations of strict neutrality
caused the United States Government
today to impose absolute secrecy on,
all information pertaining to the move
ments or Intentions of the German com
merce raider, Prlnz Eitel Friedrlch.
tied up at Newport News for repairs.
Navy Department la Silent.
Although the wireless was practically
the only means of communication for
many hours today with Newport Newa.
telegraph and telephone wires bdlnff
paralyzed by the snowstorm, the Navy
Department at all times refused to say
whether or not the KItel had sailed.
The fact that a blinding snow storm
swept over the Virginia capes, form
ing a curtain of gray haze, which naval
officers here thought provided an ideal
opportunity for the Eltcl to escape to
sea, spread the impression that the ship
might have slipped out to run th cor
don of British and French cruisers
lying In wait for her.
Domeatte Wlrrlms Muaaled.
The Navy Department took added
precautions to prevent any. domestic
wireless from recording the time of the
Eltel'a departure or sending any Infor
mation concerning her, for fear bellig
erent cruisers at sea might pick up
such messages and afford Germany a
ground for complaint of a violation of
neutrality. It was Intimated that
Kcar-Admiral Ueatty. at Norfolk, and
the commander of the American shlpx
standing guard near Newport News,
had Instructions to send nothing by
wireless concerning the Eitcl or her
movements unless a situation arose re
quiring advico from aHnlnjrton.
This precaution was taken. It was re
ported, to prevent any messages what
soever being sent to the Navy Depart
ment, so that no blame could be im
posed on the American Government If
the Eltel's break for liberty was unsuc
Comment Will Be Delayed.
Officials at the Navy and Stats De
partment Indicated that they probably
ould not comment on - the Eltel
movements until at least 24 hours had
elapsed after her departure, although
any announcement as to internment
would be made Instantly.
The extensive preparations mads by
the Eltel for another cruise have con
fused Naval officers here in their spec
ulations as to what the Eitel really will
do, but the opinion still prevails with
most of them that the vessel probably
will be interned as soon as her time
limit for repairs has expired.
Ensign Commended for Bravery,
WASHINGTON, April 3. Secretary
Daniels today commended Ensign
Robert W. Carey, Jr., of the cruiser
Maryland, for "courage, ability and
resource" In helping save three lives
at the time of the recent boiler ex
plosion on the cruiser San Dlege.
LIGHTSOME SKETCHES BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS ILLUSTRATING SOME FEATURES IN THE WEEK'S NEWS.
saVsasjamtavr-" w ii ir tj tr i msm 1