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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1915)
THE SUNDAY OKEGONIAX, PORTLAND, APRIL 11, 1913.
t LOSSES BY RAILWAY
1 ; STRIKE SURVEYED
I Attorney for" Men Says Some
Lost Homes, Suicide -and
5 ; Insanity Resulted.
3 AVERAGE FAMILIES SMALL
tfnlius Kruttschnitt Expresses Opiii'
Ion That Public Opinion inti
mately Settles Conflicts
2 CHICAGO. April 10. The havoc
k vrauffht tmont the 30,000 shopmen,
Z whose strike against the so-called Har-
riman lines in 1911 was lost, was
sketched statistically today before the
? 1 -. . .nmmiacifln mTI industrial
- t , 1 1 1 L OIAICS -
JJ The witness was Frank Comerford
for many years attorney for the men,
t One thousand question blanks were sent
. i . i , ...- , tnnnths
at ninuuiu iw i " J d . "
after the strike. His figures, Mr. Comer
i fnr pmlained aDDlied to these thou-
; sand men, and he thought that a fair
i social survey et the whole numDer
2 could be made by multiplying his
vialUn Abaonnally Small.
5 Of the 1000 men whose replies were
V checked up. according to Mr. Comer-
Z lord, 188 were single when the strike
Z was called September SO. 1911. There
if were 1743 children, a small numuer
which he thought might be traced to
f. low wares and a subnormal scale of
5 living. Forty-two per cent of the men
1 owned their homes or were buying
them. The strike cost 15 per cent of
these their homes and of the whole
S number 91 per cent moved from their
J lowly domiciles to even cheaper cuar-
Twelve per cent of the strikers had
5 to sell thier furniture and 10 per cent
to seek charity. The average period
v of idleness occasioned by the strike
- was one year. The witness asserted
that he had traced IS cases of suicide
to the strike and nine cases of insan-
2 "This. In brief, is an attempt to repre-
sent human values in dollars," said Mr.
5 Portions of the testimony of Mr.
- Comerford and of Julius Kruttschnitt.
2 chairman of the board of the Southern
Pacific, formed a smyposium on the
" force of public opinion and tbo chan-
2 nels by which it is influenced.
3 Mr. Kruttschnitt expressed the view
3 that public opinion settled most strikes
and generally with a correct vision. He
S suggested the need of a vehicle by
1 which both fides of a labor contro-
versy could be presented to the public
2 remarking that such an agency was
available in Canada.
- Mr. Comerford said that of 116 cases
X of strikers defended by himself 115 re-
suited in acquittals, "not through any
J cleverness of mine, but on the merits
of the cases. The arrests appealed
2 more to the news instincts of the edit
s ors than the dismissals, however, and
3 the fact that 115 of the men were inno-
- cent received far less publicity than
Z- the facts of their arrests. I do not at
tempt to criticise the newspapers in
this connection it Just happened that
If way," the witness continued.
7 Arrests Widely ihibllaked.
' "Tet public opinion 'was - influenced
against the strikers Just in proportion
i as their arrests were more widely pub
's lished than their acquittal. One page
5 of the metropolitan advertising which
3 the railroads bought broadcast would
take a year's salary of a shopman. We
' believein public opinion, as Sir. Krutt-
schnitt does, but these facts speak for
i Mr. Comerford spoke of how Illinois
jj Central employes are scattered along
3f the railroad towns in Influential posi
tions. VLemon & Lemon, Clinton. III.,
attorneys for the road at that point,
f control its politics," asserted the law-
yer. "The Mayor of the town is a paid
surgeon of the road, and the business
incomes of other officials of the city
depend to some extent on the railroad.
X It seems unlikely. In this connection,
5! that honest mistakes were made in the
arrests of 115 men out of 116."
I The witness said that coal mines
TJ which could not obtain sufficient tars
3 from the Illinois Central because of the
J strike sued the railroad and recovered
J damages. "For the miners who were
thrown out of work by tha same cause
J there was no way for them to re-
cover." said he.
. The hearing will be resumed Monday,
? with Mr. Comerford on the stand. .
"So strike that I recall." said Mr.
6 Kruttschnitt. in answer to a question,
5! "ever succeeded with public opinion
- against it. The great American pub
5 lie settles them all. The older I grow
y the more I am convinced that the task
of settling labor troubles is the task
cf keeping the public informed.
1 "The Government now controls the
railroads, their earnings and even their
a expenses. It s only right that labor
2 disputes which mar involve the rail-
roads in additional expense shall be
referred to It. so that, among other
things, it may point out where money
for Increased wages is to come from."
J Sir. Kruttschnitt sketched the begin
2 nln of the railway strike of 19U. He
said the company's relations with the
r men always had been pleasant, and he
- J was in favor of dealing with the indi-
vidual crafts. He had a conference
2 with the representatives of the fed
T oration Idea. Mr. Kruttschnitt added:
- "I told them that if the men felt
Z. that they must have the federation or
J trouble, I did not see how the Harriman
lines could avoid trouble. I said that
S" if we accepted their plan we would
have entered into an agreement with
t. so strong a body that the companies
would be helpless. We would be un
jl able to resist any demands of the men.
The grievance of a tinsmith In New
1 Orleans might be enough to tie up
every mile of our lines.
y. Demands Declared W holly V Blast.
'I have done hard physical work
myself, and I sympathize with the men.
For S3 years I got along nicely with
n,y fellow workmen, but the demands
.r Vf 1911 were too unjust to be toler-
5, Frank P. 'Walsh, chairman of the
Commission, asked if the witness re-
called that in 1S05. when 1'nion Pacific
ft crafts struck in opposition to the
-' piecework system, 11 H. Harriman met
with the federated crafts of that road.
"1 was general manager of the
J Southern Pacific at the time, and had
no connection with the Union Pacific,"
J replied Mr. Kruttschnitt
"My close association with Mr. Har
5j riman began in 1904. after this trouble."
- said the witness. "I was thoroughly
acquainted and in harmony with his
L views of the labor question. He never
questioned my views and he was not
backward about criticising."
Mr. Walsh asked if Mr. Harriman
- had not suggested that the men fed-
"I was very intimate with Mr. Har
i riman, and this is the first I ever
beard or it. saia -r. Aruiiscamiu
,? LAW SCHOOL FOR EUGENE
(Continued From. First Ps.)
i ti oew and. modern, structures, was
k Passed and settled upon, under iais
provision Oregon "will be In a posi
tion to erect a new building every two
years and thus furnish ample accom
modations for a predicted increase in
enrollment. ' The first new building
will be under way by the Fall of 1916,
and its rooms will be givin to the de
partments of education and commerce.
A dean of commerce, whose salary
is not to exceed $3000 yearly, was au
thorised, and the new man will be
nominated at the last meeting of the
regents in June. At present no such
office has been recognized by. the fac
ulty, but H. B. Miller, of Portland, has
acted as director of the commercial
Salary Limit la S1SOO.
An instructor in free hand drawing,
who will work in connection with fhe
department of architecture, will be em
ployed. The salary limit for this posi
tion was placed at $1800 yearly. '
In the law department the dean will
be hired at 92500 a year. vand nomina
tions for this office will be deferred
until June. An arrangement with Dr.
E. S. Bates, which was made a year
ago, will culminate when .he arrives
in Eugene next September to act as
head of the department of rhetoric Dr.
Bates recently was officiating in this
capacity at the University of New Mex
ico, and at present is at Columbia Uni
versity. New York. He is a graduate
of the Universltyof Michigan and is
rated as a man high in his profession.
No releases in the rhetoric department
will be enacted, because additional in
structors were needed. All freshmen
are required to take this course be
fore a diploma is issued at their grad
The economic department was rein
forced with an assistant whose salary
is not to exceed $1500.
91400 to Go to Latin Teacher.
An assistant in sociology is to be
hired at a. salary of $1200 annually. The
Latin department will acquire another
man at $1400 yearly to replace one
who was employed on "half time" at a
yearly salary of $700.
Miss Martha Spoffard, of New York,
was employed at an annual salary of
$12o0 to act as the cataloguer in the
No advances in salary were made to
The executive committee was given
power to act upon the new athletic
field with Instructions not to exceed
$5000 in their expenditures.
As tha new plans read it is Intended
to move the old sites of football and
track to a plot of ground purchased
for this purpose nearer the gymnasium,
the old fields will be made part of the
campus and one day will furnish ground
for new buildings. It was thought that
the football gridiron will be ready for
President Campbell In reviewing the
actions of the Board of Regents said:
'Their plans point to a greater and
better university; the bringing of the
law department to the campus means
an Increase in enrollment. I am thor
oughly satisfied with the results."
Jane Meeting Planned.
The regents present were: Judge R.
S. Bean. F. V. Holman, W. Smith, M. A.
Miller, W. K. Newell. A. C. Dixon, C. A.
Fisher, Judge J. W. Hamilton and Mrs.
The Board of Regents will meet for
the last time during this semester of
college shortly before Commencement
Day in June. At this convention all
of the nominations of the new posi
tions in frhe teaching staff will be con
sidered and all deferred measures fin
ally passed upon.
The establishment of a printing out
fit in connection with the department
of journalism was laid on the shelf
until June as well as other minor mat
ters upon campus improvements and
future plans for organization. It is
thought that the printing plant recom
mendation will receive favorable legis
lation and become a reality within a
year or two.
LAND TO GET WATER
Farmers Near Grants Pass
Form Own Company.
1000 ACRES IN PROJECT
LEGION CHOOSES ADVISERS
Plans Advanced for Co-ordinating
Material for Xation's Defense.
NEW YORK. April 10. E. Ormonde
Power, president of the newly in
corporated American Legion, an
nounced today that the advisory coun
cil of the Legion is sending out to 300
prominent citizens carefully selected
from the various states, invitations to
become advisory members of the or
ganization. The advisory members will consti
tute the voting force of the corpora
tion, who will not. of necessity,
possess special qualifications for ac
tive service in case of war, as called
for by the Legion as a prerequisite
Tho advisory council Is composed of
Jacob M. Dickinson, George Von I
Meyer. Truinan H. Newberry, Elihu
Root, Theodore Roosevelt, Henry L.
St'mson and Luke K. Wright.
In a pamphlet which the Legion will
distribute throughout the country it is
emphasized that the Legion "merely
collects, co-ordinates and makes in
stantly available" for the National de
fense such material as already exists.
Centrifugal Pump Driven, by Elec
tric Motor to Supply System
From River Xearly 2 Miles
of Ditches Complete.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington,-- April 8. Ten members of the
House committee on appropriations,
headed by Chairman Fitzgerald, will
visit the two Government irrigation
projects in Oregon in June and will
make a brief stay in Portland en route
from Klamath to Umatilla. Lesj than
five hours has been allowed for the
visit to Portland, and if the people of
that city and the officials of the state
are to present a showing of past dis
crimination, against Oregon they must
be prepared to entertain the committee
and present their case between 1:53
P. M.-and 6:30 P. M., June 30.
No definite arrangements have been
made for spending the time while in
Portland, but it is said the committee
on invitations will be glad to confer
with ' the citizens, state officials and
others interested in Irrigation develop
ment. The details of the Portland visit
can be arranged by members of the
Oregon ' Congressional delegation.
According to schedule the committee
will arrive at Hermiston at 12:10 A. M.
on June 21. and leave at 3:30 P. M.
It Is planned to give the committee an
early start to enable it to visit the
reservoir and view the project lands,
but at this time no provision has been
made for taking the committee over the
West unit, which is more essential,
from tho Oregon viewpoint, than the
work already completed.
To reach the Klamath project, prior
to the visit to Portland, the committee
will leave Sisson by special train, ar
riving at Klamath the morning of June
19. where one day will be spent. The
committee's car is then switched back
to Sisson, and goes to Portland over
the Southern Pacific mainline.
The one set of projects which the
committee does not plan to visit are
those in Eastern Washington, they hav
ing been omitted in the interest of
economy. From the Umatilla project
the committee goes direct to the Boise
project and will view the Arrowrock
dam, go over the main project in auto
mobiles, then visit the Twin Falls proj
ect, Shoshone Falls, and inspect the
Minidoka project before going on to
Salt Lake. .
4 SWINDLERS GO TO JAIL
four Convicted of JJumber I'muds
Begin to Serve Sentences.
PHILADELPHIA. April 10. Four of
the five officials of the $6,000,000 In
ternational Lumber & Development
Company, who were convicted in the
United States Court on charges of
swindling, today began their sentence
in the Penitentiary in this city.
A 30 days' respite, granted them by
President Wilson on the eve of their
going to prison, expired at midnight.
The men sent to Jail are:i John R.
Markley, of Iowa, sentenced to one
vear and three months and to pay a
10,000 fine; I. B. Miller, Chicago, one
year and three months and iu,ouu fine;
A. G. Stewart, Iowa, one year ana one
day and $1000 fine: C M. McMahon. two
years and $2000 fine.
W. H. Armstrong. Jr., the tilth man,
who was sentenced to two years' im
prisonment and fined $10,000, was too
111 to appear in court. -
The men were convicted of perpe
trating fraud in developing a Mexican
ranch containing timber.
Sheridan to Have-Cleanup Day.
SHERIDAN. Or., April 10. (Special.)
The City Council has a force of men
at work cleaning up the streets ana
has bought a street-sweeping machine.
The Mayor has designated April 14 as
the day for a general cleanup of the
SOUTHERN FAIR PAYS
Low Rates Draw Tourists to
San Diego Exposition.
SPECIAL FEATURES BEGIN
Staging of "Creation" Easter Sun
'day to Be Followed by Engage
ment of Creatore's Band
and Several Others.
SAN DIEGO. Cal., April 10. The San
Diego Exposition has passed its third
month with the best profit shown to
date, and has broken all records in
exposition history by paying expenses
with a good margin of profit so early
in the year. The success at the gates
is attributed in great measure to the
fact that the low railway rates from
Eastern points went into effect March
1, and immediately released an enor
mous touring population that refused
to travel in the first two months of
With the financial success of the fair
assured, as the bulk of the Eastern
touria business is not yet under way,
the exposition has begun the presents,
tion of special events which were de
layed until the visiting crowds should
warrant the expenditure.
Musical Events Set.
The first considerable addition was
in the'reaim of music, and started with
the presentation of Haydn's "Creation"
on Easter Sunday, and will continue
with the engagement of - Creatore's
band for the last week of April and
the first week of May. ' The engage
ment of Giuseppe Creators and his
famous band will begin April 24. The
Italian leader leaped Into immediate
popularity several years ago in the
East, and since that time has added
to his reputation at almost every first,
class city of the country.
Two concerts will be given dally, one
from the rostrum of the great music
pavilion which contains the largest
outdoor organ ever built, recitals on
which have been a dally feature since
the opening of the Exposition and will
so continue through the year. The en
gagement will be Creatore's only ap
pearance in San Diego in 1915, unless
there is a revision of his schedule.
l.omg Beach Band t Play.
His appearance will be followed Im
mediately with the engagement of the
Long Beach concert band.
It also is contemplated to start the
imposing pageants shortly. Detailed
plans for these were prepared months
ago. but the schedule was delayed until
Spring. These are planned in connec
tion with the special days set aside
for the states. April 12-19 is set aside
for the New England States, the last
day being Patriot's day In New
The biggest motor tour thus far in
the year is scheduled for April 10, when
the Automobile Club of Southern Call,
fornia moves down from Los Angeles
Five hundred cars are already promised
by the managers, and this number
should be amplified by additions from
nearby motoring centers.
UTILITIES CASES ARE 226
Expenses of Idaho Commission In 1 1
Months Total $37,350.
LEWISTON, Idaho, April 10. (Spe
cial.) During the first 11 months of
the life of the Public Utilities Com
mission the total cost to the state was
$37,850.65. This includes the expenses
of the Tax Commission. Two hundred
and twenty-six cases were handled by
the Public Utilities Commission during
The following are the estimated sav
ings by reason of public utilities or
ders: Shoshone Power Company, $20,000:
Reductions by Southern Idaho Com
pany, $15,000, and reductions in Foca
tello water rates, $7884.
Gains by reason of Tax Commission's
Added to revenue of taxing districts,
$75,000; additional property placed on
tax rolls, $3,000,000, and Increased per
sonal property collections. $150.000.
IF A MAN DOM't
TiMe thinking; -
HE DON'T HAvIF
i ABOUT )) TV?k
Most of the money in. the
world is owned by well
Most of them were well
dressed before they connect
ed with any amount of cash
that's how they got it.
Appearances help a lot
and you know it.
Give your , brains and
vigor a chance.
We're in business for ap
pearance sake let your
next suit be a Schloss or
$15, $20, $25 and Up
Cor. Fourth, and Alder Sts.
YOUNG COUPLES WHO r
ARE MADE HAPPY AT L
FLYER DROPPED IN LAKE
Illinois; Novice TJpscts and Clings ta
Machine for ITcror In Water.
CHICAGO, April 10. B. R. Hassell,
a wealthy business man of Rockford,
111., clung for an hour to a capsized
hydro-aeroplane a mile off shore from
Lake Forest. III., today. When brought
to shore In a canoe, he was suffering
from his exposure in the icy waters of
Mr. Hassell recently bought the
flying boat and had been taking daily
lessons in flying it. The machine
toppled over today when he tried to
alight on the water. .
Washington Postmasters Xajncd.
ington. April 10. Two Washington
P OS HI I an LCI v CI O e.r'r'ul" tuj
. rrlnM- T T-Ioll Un.oKni-o- vta
K. R. Hall, resigned; Otto C. Shields,
Uitriiora, vito uia as
Omty one "aROMO QUIXINP
Whenever you reet m cold comlnv on. tkiak
of tbo full name. Lxatlv Bromo Qulmlaa.
L,ooh for olrnaturo K. W. Grov on box. 2Q
Hood's Sarsaparllla Cleaaaea the Bleod,
Skla Troubles Vaaiaa.
Scrofula eruptions on the face and
body are both annoying and dis
figuring. Many a complexion would
be perfect if they were not present!
This disease , shows itself In other
ways, as bunches in the neck, in
flamed eyelids, sore ears, wasting of
the muscles, a form of dyspepsia,
and general debility.
Ask your druggist for Hood's Sar
saparllla. This great medicine com
pletely eradicates scrofula. It puri
nes and enriches the blood, removes
humors, and builds up the whole
system. It has stood the test of
tt years, and has received thousands of
testimonials of the entire satisfaction
it has given.
Scrofula Is either Inherited or ac
quired. Better be sure you are quite
free from it. Get Hood's Sarsapa
rilla and begin taking it today. Adv.
LEE MILLER SANATORIUM
tt nB.ivatA car anil trM.tmant of
r ur ma s:ii-w -- -
patients suffering from mental ais-
You can't afford to lose happiness it's the most valuable thing in the world! Every
1.- n r,crWf mnkino- the linitip beautiful with the new Furniture and Rusrs it
requires is a day of lost comfort and contentment If the world OAVES YOU A LIVING, as the saying goes, it also OWES YOU A
HAPPY WORTH-LIVING-IN HOME. It's coming to you you ought to have it! And "I HAVEN'T THE MONEY" is no excuse,
so long as you have Edwards' big, liberal store to help you on your own terms: men again, see nuw nwui juu oa u juu
during our removal sale which positively ends May 1st, after which time we will be in our new store at Fifth and Oak Street.
Beautiful Mahogany Settees
Selling Regularly at $20, $25, $30, $37.50
Never have there been like reductions made on de
pendable furniture. ' Think what a saving if you wish
to purchase any sort of mahogany settee. They come,
some in the solid mahogany with shaped wood seats,
others in beautiful upholsterings of genuine leather,
ra.n nliich VrmiM nnrl handsome silk tapestries.
These are exceptionally good values at the regular prices, which were d7 QC
$20, $25, $30 and $37.50. While they last during removal
Thirty Sample Tables
Never Worth Less Than $5, $7, $9,
$10 and $12; During Re
moval Your Choice at. .
Most astounding price reductions ever mude by any
furniture store in America. This lot of tables will
be shown during tlie entire week in our main win
dow, first floor. 1S7 First street. They include
beautiful and manjiively-built parlor tables of se
lected quarter-sawed oak, either in dull finish or
Solished; also fine mahogany, early English and
irdseye maple. We have included with these a
number of round and square oak card tables, office
tables and iron-base saloon tables, none of which
ever sold regularly lor less man fn.uu, many ot
them at $7.00, $9.00 $10.00 and $12.00. CJO QQ
Your choice while they last at..
Make your home comfortable and
attractive save in cash on the
good Furniture described here.
The Dining-Room Set $39.75 The Living-Room Set $49.25
$2 a Week
"y. ,y if
$4 Cash, $1 a Week
Ton will see in this outfit, as In every other
ontfit at Kdwards.' why it pays to trade with the
original credit store. Other stores would possibly
like to give you equal value, but they cannot afford
to simply because Edwards' keeps down the over- -head
selling expense. This beautiful dining set
consists of a solid oak round dining- table, four
solid oak chairs and one solid oak arm rocker, and
also an 8-3x10-6 Craftsman dining-room rug In
beautiful new designs and colorings.
Pay .a ' cKh-
$ 50 worth Furniture $ 5.00 S1.00
$ 75 worth Furniture $ 7.50 $1L50
$100 worth Furniture $10.00 $2.00
$125 worth Furniture $120 $2.25
$150 worth Furniture $15.00 $2.50
$200 worth Furniture $20.00-$3.00
$4.50 Cash, $1 a Week
We have put every penny of value Into the llvlnir
room set that It is possible to give. There are mora
pieces and better articles In It than In any other
outfit at anything like the price In the city. A
living-room complete to step Into, beautifully fur
nished with the following pieces: Solid oak library
table, oak Morris chair, solid oak arm rocker and
arm chair to match, all finished In dull golden
waxed oak. The rug Is a 9x10-6 real Brussels.
Our Beaotifal Kew Kree Catalogue
Edwards' Home Outfits
for Out-of-Town Folks
ready for distribution April 20th. If yon live out
of the city and contemplate buying furniture in
the near. future, we advise you to order this imme
diately. It is absolutely free and will not obligate
you In any way whatever.
I A GOOD PLACE TO-TRADE tStBWBgM
1 1 f i r . i gj a u t j rwtk i r i. Bi
Many Pieces at Half Price
$4.00 I,eather-Seat Dining Chairs...
:.r,0 leather-Seat Dining Chairs fJ'Z
$3.00 Leather-Heat 1-Mnlng Chairs 15 -'it?
$8.50 Auto Leather-Seat Oak rtocker
$4.00 Eight-Day Kitchen Clocks..
$13 Imitation Learner l oucn.
$15 Hand Sewing Machine
aesaaea I5IS1 FIRST ST. Hi
HUNDREDS OF OTHER PIKCKS TOO Kl'MKNOO
TO MEXTIOX UOI.NG AT HALF ITUCE.
Lee MHIr, Tbr 201 E, 824 St.