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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOI. LY-Q, 17,054. PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY. 22, 11,15. " PK1CE FIVK CKXTS
GERMANY TOLO NOT
TO REPEAT OFFENSE
President Decides on
Terms of Warning.
BERLIN'S OFFER IS REJECTED
Illegality of Attacks Without
Notice Is Assumed.
NOTE TO BE SENT TODAY
Disavowal of Intent to Kill Amer
icans on Lubitanla and Kepar
v ation Still to Be Insisted
On With Firmness.
WASHINGTON. July 21. President
Wilson and Secretary Lansing, confer
ring at the White House today, com
pleted the new note to Germany, giv
ing warning- that the repetition of a
disaster such as that visited upon the
Lusltanla. or any violation of Amer
ican rights on the high seas resulting
in loss of American lives, will be re
garded as "unfriendly." It will be dis
The note is in tlio nature of a final
statement by the United States of the
interpretation that will be placed by
this Government on future transgres
sions of American rights, and repeats
that the American Government will
leave nothing undone to etand by the
position it has previously declared.
Illegality ot Acta Assumed.
Among the points in the new note
1. The assumption by the United
States that Germany, by declaring her
submarine warfare to be a retaliatory
measure against the alleged unlawful
acts of her enemies, has admitted that
the destruction of unresisting mer
chantmen without warning is illegal.
.2. .German submarine commanders
already have proved that they can
save the passengers and crews of ves
sels and can act in conformity with
the laws of humanity in making war
on enemy ships.
3. The United States cannot allow
the relations between the belligerents
to operate In any way as an abbrevia
tion of the rights of neutrals and there
fore any violation of the principles for
which the American Government con
tends, resulting in a loss of American
lives will be viewed as "unfriendly."
Demand for Reparation Renewed.
-4. The representations which the
American Government has made in
previous notes for disavowal of inten
tion to sink the Lusltanla with Ameri
cans aboard and the request for repara
tion are reiterated with renewed insist
ence. B. The American Government real
izes the unusual and abnormal condi
tions which the present conflict haj
created in the conduct of maritime
warfare and is willing to act as an in
termediary as between the belliger
ents to arrange a modus Vivendi or
any other temporary arrangements
which do not involve a surrender by
the United States of its rights.
6. The proposals made by Germany
to give immunity to American ships
not carrying contraband and to bellig
erent ships under the American flag
are rejected with the emphatic as
sertion that to accept such suggestion
would be to admit Germany's right to
set aside the American contention
based on fundamental principles in in
ternational law that neutrals may
travel anywhere on the high seas on
nonresisting ships of any nationality,
even if carrying contraband.
Discussion of Principle Ended.
The note is about 1200 words long.
While nowhere '.n It is there any direct
intimation of the course which the
United States will pursue in the event
of another disaster similar to the Lusl
tanla tragedy, there are emphatic
statements throughout the communica
tion pointing out that the discussion
of the principle's Involved has been
virtually concluded and that future
conduct of German commanders will
determine the responsibility for the
friendly relations between the two
The statement that future transgres
sions will be regarded as "unfriendly"
is taken in diplomatic usage to presage
a break of friendly relations unless
reparation and disavowal are forth
coming. President Wilson, it is understood,
has considered fully and at length the
construction which may be placed on
the implications of the note and is
prepared to deal with any new .situa
tion that may arise. He is hopeful and
confident, however, it is said, that
Germany, having already modified to
a great extent the practice of her sub
marine commanders, will now take such
precautions as seem necessary to pre
vent any action that would endanger
Iriendly relations with the United
From 6 o'clock this morning until
late tonight the President, with the ex
ception of a few hours, spent in recre
ation, was at work on a copy of the
note. Secretary Lansing, who had
drafted it, worked on the original and
took it to the President tonight, with
several changes. The President agreed
with Mr. Lansing's suggestion and to
morrow the document will be finally re
vised in phraseology before starting
on its way to Berlin.
SENTRIES CARRY LOADED GCSS
SIXCE BATTLESHIP FIRES. '
Xumbcr of Posts Increased Five
fold and Orders Are Given to
Slioot If Necessary.
PHILADELPHIA. July 21. Although
officials at the Philadelphia Navy
yard denied that recent fires aboard
battleships had caused them to take ex
traordinary precautions, it was noticed
today that the guards about the yard
had been increased to more than five
times the usual number. Where there
were formerly only three posts there
are now 16 and each sentry carried a
rifle loaded with ball cartridges. Some
of them said they had instructions to
shoot if necessary.
The guards at the entrance were also
strengthened and strangers passing
,were closely scrutinized, while near all
the vessels of the reserve fleet were
signs saying visitors were not permit
ted. On some of the battleships, how
ever, it was said that visitors would be
allowed Saturday and Sunday. In ad
dition to the close guard placed around
the buildings and warships, extra men
have been detailed to guard the avia
tion field and the guns of the advance
The official investigation into the fire
on the dreadnought Oklahoma at the
yard of the New York Shipbuilding
Company in Camden has not been com
pleted, but preliminary reports leave
the exact cause a mystery. All the
water has not yet been pumped out of
the compartment where the blaze oc
curred, and until this is done it was
said the extent of the damage could
not be determined.
2297 POLES ARE REMOVED
Success of City's Campaign for Clear
Streets Reported On.
. An antipole campaign started about
a year ago by the city has borne
fruit A report was submitted to Com
missioner Daly yesterday showing that
since last August arrangements have
been made for the elimination of 2297
poles. This has been possible by the
agreement between the various public
service companies for joint pole own
ership. The committee representing the com
panies was appointed in August and
soon got plans into definite form. In
addition to removing unnecessary poles,
the committee has arranged so that
the various companies use the same
poles, thereby doing away with dupli
cation. UNDERSEA HERO IDENTIFIED
Credit Placed for Sinking of Ger
man Battleship In Baltic.
LONDON. July 21 To Commander
Max Horton falls the credit of having
sunk the German battleship which was
torpedoed in the Baltic July 2 by a
British submarine. Thomas McNamara,
financial secretary of the Admiralty,
informed the House of Commons today
that a communication to this effect
bad been received from the Russian
The German battleship which was
sunk is believed to have been the Pom
mem. Commander Horton previously was
in command of the submarine which
sank a German destroyer off the mouth
of the Ems last October. .
GRANDFATHER AIDS LOVE
Canyon City Pair Elopes to Idaho
for Secret Marriage.'
. BAKER. Or.. July - 21. (Special.)
When Miss Anna Erraa Fields left Can
yon City to meet her sweetheart and
be married secretly she took her grand,
father, Martin A.' Lucas, with her, and
the wedding was a secret and a suc
cess. She arranged for John M. Muldrick,
also of Canyon City, to go by auto
mobile while she traveled with her
grandfather by train to Mountain Home.
Idaho, where the ceremony was per
formed. Mr. and Mrs. Muldrick then
returned to Canyon City with the
grandfather, and the three told of the
march they had stolen on their friends.
Grandfather Lucas is as happy over
the coup as is the couple. '
GRAND DUKE IS CONFIDENT
Russian Commander Says Soldiers'
Spirit Is Unbroken.
MOSCOW, via London. July 21.
Grand Duke Nicholas, the Russian commander-in-chief,
received a deputation
representing the municipality here to
day. He spoke enthusiastically of the
spirit of the Russian soldiers, all of
whom he said were confident of final
and complete victory.
A commission' appointed to Investi
gate charges of Inhuman methods on
the part of the Germans made a report
today that they had employed shells
with castiron tips, which were filled
with prusslc acid.
DARK COLORS IN VOGUE
Dress Fabric Buyers Make Selec
tions From 2000 Shades.
NEW YORK, July 21. Dark colors
will be popular in dress fabrics this
Fall, according to the prediction of F.
B. Hoagland, of the Textile Color Card
Association. Mr. Hoagland reported
the color selections by experts to a
meeting of the Jobbers' Association of
Dress Fabric Buyers here today. The
selections were made from more than
2000 shades of cloth received from all
parts of the United States.
J - - ''sssssssssssssisasssaassssiasssssssssssBssssssisssssssssin
Forces May Be Asked
to Leave Naco.
GARRISON URGES WARNING
Secretary Disturbed by Car
ranza's Occupation of Town.
CAPITAL STILL CUT OFF
Mexico City Situation Continues to
Cause Apprehension in Wash
May Be Impending.
WASHINGTON, July 21 Occupation
of the Mexican side of the town of
Naco, on the Mexico-Arizona border,
by Carranza forces was brought to the
attention of the State Department to
day by Secretary of War Garrison, with
the recommendation that the Carranza
commander be requested to withdraw
In accord with the agreement entered
Into last Winter that there should be
no fighting there.
No action has been taken tonight by
the State Department. Secretary
Lansing had before him the Wir De
partment's recommendation, reports
from consular agents on the border,
and a 'protest against the taking of
Naco from Enrique C. Llorente. Gen
eral Villa's agent here.
Americans Asala Imperilled.
The international boundary runs
through Naco, and when the Mexican
factions were contending for its pos
session bullets and shells were con
stantly falling on the American side.
Through Major-General Scott, chief of
staff of the United States Army, Gov
ernor Maytorena, tor Villa, and the
Carranza leader. General Calles, agreed
that all military forces should be with-,
drawn and the town left an undefended
neutral port. Secretary Garrison re
gards the present occupation as a, vio
lation of the agreement, likely to lead
to renewed fighting and endangering
of American lives.
In his protest to. Secretary Lansing
today, the Villa agent declared that
only the absence of Maytorena troops
from Northern Senora to protect
Americans in the Yaqui territory had
made possible the taking of Naco and
the killing of cilivlan guards and cus
. Official Are Apprehensive.
The situation at Mexico City an
surrounding territory continued today
arouse apprehension in official
quarters here, no "direct word having
been received from the capital since
reports yesterday that Zapata's forces
had re-entered the city following Its
evacuation oy Carranza's army under
General Gonzalez. There is no official
information about General Gonzalez or
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 2. )
1 1 i : .
1 INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature. S3
decree; minimum. SI decrees.
TODAY'S Thursday fair; northwesterly
Germany to be married that repetition ot at
tacks without warning- il be retarded
s unfriendly act. rasa 1.
Carranza forces violate border agreement by
occupying Naco, Eonora. Pass 1.
Oregon & California Railroad asks permis
sion to sell timber before disposing of
lards to settlers. Pace t.
Guards In Navy-yard creatly Increased since
battleship ri.es. Paso J.
Colonel Roosevelt says Nation has been
remiss In failing to prepare to defend
Itself. Page i.
Maramas make official ascent of - Mount
Shasta. Pas .
Bridgeport strike called off. Page 2.
Wabash Railroad sold under foreclosure.
Charlotte Walker denies motion - picture
actresses are Immoral. Page a.
Pacific Coast League results Portland S.
Halt Lake 7 111 Innings); Oakland 4.
ernon u; San Kranclsco 6, Los Angeles 3.
Salt I-al-.e twlrlcr leads Coast League In
strikeouts. Page la.
Bill Haymard complslm of track team to
represent Northwest. Page 16.
Thirty thousand-dollar trotter victor In great
contest at Cleveland. Page IT. .
Relatives of abducted Idaho rancher decide
to pay SdOOO ransom. Pag 7. .
Armed band reported terrorizing rangemen
near seen ot I laho kidnaping. Pag 7.
Union experiment station amazing. Pag 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Good crop weather weakens wheat at Chi
cago In spit ot big export sales.
Two carriers are' chartered by M. H. Houser
First sales of new-clip Oregon wool In East
ern market announced. Pag 17.
Furious speculation In war stocks at New
York. Pag IT.
Portland and Vicinity.
lowan picnic brings 2500 to Laurelhurst
Park. Pag 11.
New Jersey party begins Elk Invasion of
Portland. Pag 3.
Portland members fete BO visiting brothers
of Delta Kappa Epallon. Page 12.
Council Is expected to approve Auditorium
plans today. Pag 18.
Retailers of Northwest will gather her
Buyers' Week. August 9-14. Pag 9.
Laundrymen are gay at Bonneville picnic.
Governor Dunne, on visit here, advocates
municipal ownership. Page 13.
CniversalHt churchmen are visitors In city
for one day. Pag 6.
Downing highwayman taken at Th Dalles
la college graduate. Pag 1.
Weather report, data and forecast. Tag 1".
MARRIED RECRUITS MANY
ramify Men in British Army Num
ber More Til an 813,000.
LONDON, July 21. Speaking for the
Government In the House of Lords to-
'da'- Vw.-.n u- AA V Ik. .......
. , - w. w -. but... 11.1, UUUI
ber of married men at present in the
British army was approximately
The aggregate cost of separation
allowances paid to-wives and children
of these men has been f2a.000.000
H. S. STONE'S BODY FOUND
Identification of Victim of Lusltanla
Tragedy Is Complete.
QUEENSTOWN. Ireland. July 21.
The body or Herbert S. Stone, who was
a Lusltanla victim, has come ashore at
Ballybunnion. a small town at the
mouth of the Kiver Shannon on the
west coast of Ireland, about 150 miles
from the point where the Lusltanla
"PEACE ON SAN FRANCISCO BAY.
i jf'" OM y,"r7t,'g? I
NATION REMISS IN
to Invite Contempt
SWISS SYSTEM IS ADVOCATED
Universal Military Service
PACIFICISTS ARE RAPPED
Motlier Unwilling to liaise Her boy
to Iio Soldier Declared Unfit
for Cltlicnshlp Army of
2 00,00 0 Is Favored.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 21. Theo
dore Roosevelt, introduced today by
Governor Johnson, of California, his
former running; mate on the Progres
sive presidential ticket, as the "world
figure greatest of living Americans.
addressed the greatest throng; that
ever listened to a speaker In this city.
Standing- beneath the shimmering
Tower of Jewels and facing: the great
Court of the Universe, whose every
vantage point within reach of his voice
was Jammed with men and women.
Colonel Roosevelt was the attraction of
the Panama-Pacific International Ex
position today. Ills address on "War
and Peace" was read from the manu
script, and as he finished with each
page it was crumpled in his hand and
Adequate Defesse Advsrstra.
For more than an hour and a half,
amid constant applause. Colonel Roose
velt decried the theory of peace at any
price, and urged an Army and Navy
adequate for the proper defense of the
Nation. lie frequently deviated from
his written speech and made Interpola
tions as the thoughts occurred to him.
At one time he was disturbed by cries
of "Down, down, in front.
Glancing up. Colonel Roosevelt saw
a long slrp ladder on which half a
dozen photographers were perched
nap shooting him.
After the applause had subsided he
smiled broadly and said:
"That, my friends. Is the policy of the
square deal. That's what Uncle Sam
should be able to do. without hurting
anybody. He's a contemptible creature
If he cannot protect his o'n."
Worth-While Pence Preferred.
Defining h; own stand. Colonel
Roosevelt said: "I'm not for war. I
want peace, but I don't want peace
for Uncle Sam because outsiders don't
think him worth kicking."
Just before his address in the Court
of the Universe, Colonel Roosevelt
spoke for a few minutes to the enlisted
men and officers of the Army and Navy
l,n front of the Enlisted Men's Club
on the Exposlt on ground, where he
planted a sma'.l poplar tree. When
(Concluded on Pag 2. Column 9.
Wednesdays War Moves
A SERIES of great battlna to de
cide the fate of Warsaw Is being
fought to the northwest and south of
that city. Having successfully retired
to positions on rivers and being well
flanked by fortresses, the Russians
have turned and are fighting desper
ately to stem the Austro-German on
slaughts. To the north, on the river Narew.
they delivered yesterday three fierce
counter attacks from the fortresses of
Rosan. Pultus k and Novogeorgtevsk.
The Germans, who had taken one out
work of Tluzon. repul- . these counter
attacks, accord If- 04V..e official re
port recelv- Berlin, but ap-parentl-
been unable to make
nn" f o Progress southward.
o ..cUIately west of Warsaw, on
nat Is known as the Blonle-Urojec
line, the Russians have suffered a re
verse and are retreating toward the
Vistula. Farther south, the army of
General von Woyrsch Is making prog
ress toward the same river, which has
been reached at one point.
To the south of Ivangorod. Field
Marshal von Mackensen. who is direct
ing the offensive between the Vistula
and the Bug. has reached the Russian
line and here the greatest of all
battles is being fought for the pos
session of the Lublln-Cholm railway.
On the resistance the Russians are
able to offer along this front, where
the Austro-Germans are making their
biggest effort, probably depends the
success or failure of the Austro-German
operations. Apparently the Austro
Germans feel certain of the outcome,
for It Is said that Emperor Wll!iam,
who Is at Posen. has sent for the Em
press to make a state entry Into the
Polish capital when it falls.
Things are moving a little more
quickly In Courland, where the tier
mans say they have met with suc
cess all along the line, bringing them
within striking distance of Riga and
the roads which supply that town
from the south.
The French have made another bid
for the valley of the Fecht. In the
Vosges. They have delivered several
attacks which have been partially suc
cessful and have captured the heights
dominating that valley from the east.
About the same time French airmen
dropped bombs on Colmar. Beyond
this and a German attack In the Ar
gonne. which the Germans declare met
with success, and another German at
tack In the forest of Apremont. which
the French assert was repulsed, only
artillery engagements have occurred
along the western front.
The Italian offensive on the lzonxo
continues and Rome reports further
progress, particularly In Carxo plateau.
MORE JITNEYS REJECTED
Poorer Machines Showing Vp as
Time Limit Approaches.
Jitneys are now be In;; put out of
business with a lavish hand by Jitney
Inspector Gallup. Saturday noon has
been set as the final hour for all ma
chines to have passed the city's exam
ination of machines and drivers. The
incompetent drivers and drivers with
poor machines have held eff on the
inspection to the last minute, while the
others have gone through the Inspec
tion. As a result, the Inspector reports
that he Is now getting the poorer ma
chines. Yesterday he rejected more
machines and drivers than he was able
to pass. About 300 mm h ira have
passed the test so far and 2S have been
rejected. Aoout 10 of the rejections
have been this week.
WORKERS ADDRESS WILSON
Complaints Include Disagreement
With Secretary of Navy.
WASHINGTON. July II. Machinists
from the Washington Navy-Yard com
plained to President Wilson today that
officials were writing in red Ink on the
fate of discharge cards Issued to those
who leave to accept private employ
ment! a statement to the effect that the
men were giving up their posts at a
tiiii when the Government needed
They also complained of a disagree
ment with Secretary Daniels over a
wage readjustment, and asked the
President to have their pay increased.
The leaders said they would await the
CAILLAUX ANSWERS CRITIC
Hx-Premler Denies He Eter Advised
Peace With Germany.
PARIS. July 21. Joseph Calllaux. ex
Premler. who has been the target of
several attacks since the beginning ot
the war. today made a statement In his
own defense. He declared untrue news
paper articles attributing to him the
assertion that France should have made
peace with Germany after the battle
"I am as much a patriot as any citi
zen of France." M. Calllaux declared,
"and nothing could be more fantastic
than the declaration printed as coming
OREGON WOMEN WILL AID
Washington and Iduho Suffragists
to Appeal to Congress, Also.
OREGON IAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. July 21. Fifty women voters
from Oregon. 10 from Washington and
10 from Idaho will come to Washing
ton the first week In December to par
ticipate In a big suffrage demonstra
tion to be made before Congress, ac
cording to announcement made today
by the Congressional Union.
In all. 5000 women ar pledged to
participate In this demonstration, de
signed to aid the proposed suffrage
amendment to the Constitution.
DASHING ROBBER IS
Hooper Said to Have
BOAST IS MADE OF RECORD
Captive Scouts Sentiment and
Says He Never Killed.
CAREER IS SPECTACULAR
Lonir Train of Daring Hobberlcs Is
Laid at Dour of Well-Dressed
Young -Man Who Hints at Bud
dins Hoinauce at The Iallcs.
II1I1KS l.Allt AT TIIK IMIOR
OK JOHN Al STI.V H'MIPKII.
Holdup of Gordon Jacobs. Horn
brook, fsl., netting t60o worth
of sold dust.
Theft of two horses at Weed.
Attempting a train robbery at
Holdup of Oregon City train at
Canemah. March S.
Holdup of Rogue River Bank,
at Rogue. Or., netting $1800.
Burglary ot two banks In
Holdup of telephone exchange
at Grants Pass.
Holdup of Southern l'acitlc
depot al Grants Pass.
Holdup of Orecoii City electric
train, June 2. at Glen Echo Sta
tion. Authorities also believe Hooper
may have gone to Yellowstono
Park and held up a party of
Shrlners, July 9.
John Austin Hooper, who was ar
rested at The Dalles Tuesday night,
suspected of being the leader In a
series of spectacular ana successful
holdups in California and Oregon, was
brought to Portland yesterday under
heavy guard and placed In the Mult
nomah County Jail.
On the trip to Portland, and In the
County Jail. Hooper, who Is a college
graduate, learned In many ways, aivi
somewhat of a philosopher practically
admitted several of the crimes laid to
him. and gave evidence tiiat he knew
much of the others.
To Sheriff Chrlsman of Wasco Coun
ty. Patrolman Gibbons of The Dalles,
Kd Wood, special agent of the O.-W.
It. c N. Company, and Lou Wagner,
special agent for the Portland Railway.
Light & Power Company. Hooper mad
damaging admissions. It Is said. To
Portland detectives Hooper also uncov
ered some of his history and deeds.
The prisoner probably will be taken
; to Grants Pass today.
I Alma Mater Kept Sec-ret.
Hooper is a graduate of a college In
lalirornia. lespeet for which prompted
him yesterday to keep the name a
secret for the present. His father, he
told one of the special agents, was a
United States Commissioner, but he
refused to say in which department of
the Government. He lias a brother who
Is high in legal circles, and another
brother who. he says, follows a rather
A strain of romance was hinted at
! yesterday when Hooper divulged the
! lact that a highly respectable girl In
The Dalles had become a close friend of
his while he was there. She Is a
working girl, and Hooper said he had
purchased an auto at The Dalles which
he intended giving to the girl. He
steadfastly kept her name a secret,
saying she knew nothing of his career.
Reforest Idea Sr sited.
Hooper scouts the suggestion that
the budding romance might have been
the beginning of a determination to "go
"No. nothing like that." he answered.
"I am a straight-a way hold-up man.
and I do it on scientific principles.
"I never took a cent from a poor
man; if I did 1 alweys tried to give
"Furthermore. I haven't a dead man
to my credit or discredit- I don't thltlc
It necessary to kill to hold up a man.
I can flash this gun or that gun. and
turn the trick Just as well, and I guess
I am cool enough not to pull the trig
ger. That's where the average holdup
man is foolish. However. I guess I can
PrUosier Pear Hanging.
"But I'm glad there have been no
murders about here recently, or I am
sure I'd be accused of them, and hang
ing though I guess It's out of style
in Oregon Is no laughing matter."
Though the suspect proclaimed li.s
Innocence of the charges in public,
one of the Portland detectives Is au
thority for the assertion that Hooper
admitted the evasively holdup of
I'o.tla.id. Railway. Light c Power Com
pany streetcar at Canemah Park.
March 3. and the robbery of the
Southern Pacific station at Grants
Hooper arrived In Portland yester
day escorted by Sheriff Smith, of
Grants Pass, and Lou Wagner. Sheriff
Smith desires to take his prisoner on
to Grants Pass today to stand trial in
that city Instead of having him sent
back to Folsom for breaking his parole.
Hooper admitted breaking his parole,
granted In October last.
Hooper Is also suspected of robbing
a streetcar at Glen Echo on June 3
and also of robbing the Rogua River
tCoacluUcd on l'ag;e 5. colutnu" C. )