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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 23, 1915)
VOL. LV-XO. 17,053. r
PORTLANI), OREGON, FRIDAY, JtLY 23, 1915.
ruiCE five cents.
Lansing to Give Out
AIR OF FINALITY IS GIVEN
Future Conduct Phase May
Not Demand Formal Answer.
NOTE TO BRITAIN READY
Protest Against Action by Orders-in-Council
Contrary to Interna
tional Law to Bo Forward
ed Within Fortnight.
WASHINGTON. July 22. The United
States Government before determining
the next step in its general diplomatic
policy will, for a brief period, await
indications from official quarters in
Berlin as to the reception of the new
note warninqr Germany that the loss
of American lives through further vio
lation of neutral rights would be re
garded as "unfriendly."
The note, started on its way to Berlin
late last night, probably . will be de
livered by Ambassador Gerard tomor
row. It will be given out by the State
Department for publication in Satur
day morning's newspapers.
Everywhere in official quarters it
was pointed out today that the docu
ment speaks the final word on how
the United States Government would
regard further transgressions of its
rights. The general trend of comment
was that the repetition, of such a disas
ter as befell the Lusitania would Jiiean
the convening of Congress by Presi
dent 'Wilson for consideration of action
to be taken.
In the event that the status is main
tained, however, and there are indica
tions through official or unofficial
channels that German submarines in
future will conform to the rules of In
ternational law in saving the lives of
Americans on unresisting merchant
men. President Wilson will take up
soon the situation that has arisen with
"Great Britain over interference with
' American commerce by the allies.
Note to Britain Completed.
For several weeks a note has been
practically completed, addresse I to the
British government, reiterating the
protest against deviations from inter
national law in the operations of the
order-in-council against commerce with
Germany. The note has not been sent
because President Wilson has been un
willing to give the impression in Ber-
lin that the controversy between the
United States and Germany in any 'way
could be conditioned on the progrees of
the American Government's negotia
tions with other belligerents.
It became known, however, that If
there are indications that the new
American note to Germany is received
In a friendly spirit and there appears
no Intention further to violate neutral
rights on the high seas, the new pro
test to Great Britain will be dispatched
probably within the next fortnight.
Demands on Britain Outlined.
Data are being gathered at the State
Department, but the new note proba
bly will not deal to any extent with
specific instances, contending chiefly
for the general principle involved,
with renewed insistence on modifica
tions in the order-ln-council to con
form with what the United States re
gards as the accepted rule of inter
national law. The recent filing of a
legal caveat announcing that orders-in-council
and British municipal law
do not affect the rights of American
citizens under international law was
the first step in the policy which the
United States Is' pursuing to obtain
acquiescence in its point of view.
Interest centered for the most part
today in diplomatic quarters on the
nature of the new note to Germany.
Sufficient of its contents has become
known to cause widespread comment
on the apparently determined position
taken by the United States.
NO BRITON SUNK FOR WEEK
Record Is First of Kind Since Be
ginning of Present War.
LONDON July 22. So far as Brit
ish vessels are concerned, the German
submarines drew a blank during the
week ended yesterday. Not a single
British merchant ship or fishing craft
This was the first week since the
beginning of the war that some loss
to British shipping has not been occa
sioned, either by German cruisers,
mines of submarines. During the
week under review 1326 vessels of
more than 300 tons each arrived at or
departed from the ports of the United
PAY CHECKS NOT CLAIMED
Election Officials Fmvorried by
Hard Tiroes, Says Auditor.
That about 225 of the people who
served as Judges and clerks in the
city election June 7 are not bothered by
hard times is apparent from their hav
ing failed to show up at the City Audi
tor's office to claim their pay.
Two hundred and twenty-five per
fectly good cheeks are waiting for the
officials. The- total amount of the
checks is about $790.
GIDEONS TO MAKE
WAR ON SWEARING
CARD PREPARED TO HAND TO
Sermon Containing "Twelve Good
Reasons" Expected to Be Effec
tive in Diminishing Practice.
DES MOINES. Ia., July 22. Means of
raising funds for state campaign work,
of methods to be used In a campaign
against profanity, and an explanation
and indorsement of the subsidiary or
ganization of the Gideons, known a
the Inner Circle, were discussed at theJ
isationai convention 01 me jiaeons
It was determined that the most suc
cessful method of securing funds, was
the sale of associate and sustaining
memberships. The associate member
ships are sold for f 5 to any wholesaler
employing traveling salesmen. The sus
taining membership is sold to the regu
lar members, who pay an additional
sum for it.
In an effort to stamp out profanity
among travelers a resolution was
adopted providing that small cards sim
ilar in size and shape to business card!
be prepared and furnished to the mem
bers. The cards will bear a sermon en
titled: "Twelve Good Reasons for
Swearing." When a member encounters
a profane man on the train he will
hand him one of the cards.
NATURALIST LOSES HANDS
Smithsonian . . Collector ' Severely
Frozen in Siberian Expedition.
NOME, Alaska. July 22. Joha-nn
Koren, the Norwegian naturalist, who
left Seattle in June, 1914, on the power
schooner Eagle to collect specimens in
the Arctic for the Smithsonian Insti
tution, suffered loss of both hands by
freezing last midwinter, while his ex
pedition wr-s fast in the Ice In the
Kolyma River, Siberia.
Koren .s shipwrecked near Cape
Serge, Siberia, in the Autumn of 1912
while collecting Arctic flowers and
birds for the Harvard Museum. Koren
made his way along the Siberian coast
and, after incredible hardships, crossed
Alaska and made his way to Nome, ar
riving there in March, 1913. Koren's
hands and feet were severely frozen
MUNITION MAKING FORBID
Fatherland to Prosecute Germans In
United States Factories.
BERLIN July 22. (By wireless via
Sayville, N. Y.) An official declaration
published here calls attention to the
fact that Germans working in factories
in neutral countries, particularly in the
United States, producing war supplies
for the enemy render themselves liable
to prosecution for treason under par
agraph 89 of the penal code, penaliz
ing such assistance to an enemy, with
a maximum of 10 years' imprisonment.
Another paragraph of the penal code
authorizes prosecution In the case of
such offenses, even when committed
abroad, and it is understood that the
German courts will proceed against
DAMAGED STEAMER IS MET
Corwin, on Walrus Cruise In North,
Reports Big Hole in Kolyma.
NOME, Alaska, July 22. The steam
er Corwin. Captain I. J. Healey, ar
rived today from a successful walrus
hunt off the coast of Siberia, with
large quantity of skins, oil and ivory.
Captain Healey reports that in the
Siberian whaling grounds he met the
Russian steamer Kolyma, which was
severely injured by the ice that in
closed her last Winter, a seven-foot
hole having been made in her side.
The Kolyma's crew were suffering
from scurvy, and the first engineer
and second engineer had died from
FRENCH BUY FROZEN MEAT
Army Contractors to Be Permitted
to Import Duty Free.
PARIS, July 22. The purchase for
the French army of 120,000 tons of
refrigerated meat annually until the
end of the war, or until December 31,
1916, has been agreed on by Minister
of Agriculture David and Eugene Mau
clere, head of the army administration.
The companies doing business with
the Government will be permitted to
import their products duty free.
FAMILY HISTORY REPEATS
July 21 Anniversary of Two Births
and Weddinjj in Home.
THE DALLES, Or., July 22. (Spe
cial.) July 21 is an anniversary day
in the family of Ansel C. Osborn, who
lives at Miller's bridge, at the mouth
of the Deschutes River. Mr. and Mrs.
Osborn were married eight years ago
on July 21, which Is also the birthday
anniversary of Mr. Osborn.
A daughter was born yesterday,,
July 2L -
SUBMARINES BURN VESSELS
Swedish and, Norwegian Barks Car
rying Lumber Are Destroyed.
LONDON, July 22. The Swedish bark
Capella and the Norwegian bark
Nordlyset, both timber laden and bound
for England, have been set on fire in
the North Sea by German submarines.
The crew of the Capella was landed
at Hull and that of the Nordlyset at
CAPITAL STILL IS CUT OFF
Gonzales Believed Seeking
Battle With Villa's Men.
NACO PROTEST IS SENT
State Department Formally Notifies
First Chief That Occupation of
Border Town Is Regarded
as Violation of Compact.
WASHINGTON, July 22. Diplomatic
advices' reaching Washington from
Mexico today said General Carranza
had given notice that he would not
receive communications from or trans
act business with foreign governments
which have no diplomatlo agents ac
credited to his government at Vera
Enforcement of such an order prac
tically would cut off the Carranza
government from further communica
tion with all the foreign nations which
have ministers resident in Mexico City.
It would not, however, according to
the information received, sever his in
formal relations with the United
Conxalea Not 1 1 car 4 From.
Mexico City remains cut off from
communication with the outside world
and there have been no advices con
cerning Nthe whereabouts of 'General
Gonzales, who is believed to be seek
ing to give battle to Villa troops under
Generals Fierro and Natera in the vi
cinity of Pachuca. Neither has the
State Department been able to get any
convincing news as to the exact con
ditions in the capital, or whether the
Zapata forces, as reported two days
ago. are again in active control of the
The State Department today took no
tice of protests against the occupation
of Naco, on the Sonora-Arizona border.
by General Carranza's forces. A mes
sage was sent to Carranza calling: his
attention to the situation and asking
him to abide by the Scott agreement
negotiated with his generals and those
of General Villa, providing that no mil
itary operations should be conducted
along the border where lives of Amer
icans would be endangered.
ro May Be Abandoned.
Notice was given that the American
Government regarded the attack on
Naco as a violation of the agreement.
Unofficial advices which reached Wash
ington tonight indicated that Carran
za's generals were preparing to with
draw from Naco.
Rioting at Cananea, Sonora, last
Monday, in which sevef&I Chinese mer-
(Concluded on Page 2, Column o.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 82
degree; minimum. &4 decrees.
TODAY'S -Fair; northerly winds.
Carranza will sever relations with forelan
natlona that fail to recognise his govern
ment. Pace 1.
President of Guatemala said to have promised
aid to Huerta. Page 2.
Austro-Germaa offensive in Poland la machine-like.
Germany ha supplies ample to continue
war many years. Pag 2.
Straying Britons returning to country's aid.
Many soldiers slain by own artillery on all
aldea In present ar. page 2.
Express companies permitted to change ratei
so as to Increase revenue. Page a.
Germany warned not to take any more
American lives. Page 1.
Hughes expected to accept nomination II
Republican convention deadlocka. Page 7.
Aid promised lumber Industry by Govern
ment, page 0.
Two more killed In Standard Oil strike riots.
Gldeona start campaign against profanity.
Benson day to be grand climax of Oregon
week at fair. Page .
Cincinnati divides double-header with Phil
adelphia. Pag 13.
Pacific Coast Laane results: Portland 4-S,
.-alt Lake 6-5 (second game 10 innlnas);
San Francisco 4. I.os Angeles 2; Vernon
2. Oakland 1. Page 12.
Entry list for Oregon state tennis tourna
ment to be kept open until Saturday
night. Page 13.
Frank Troeh. of Vancouver. U high amateur
at Ticoma shoot. Pace 12.
Governor Lister orders Public Service Com
mission to glv accounting of expendi
tures. Page 6.
Second call for forest fire fighters aent to
The Dalles. Pag 1.
Plans arranged for ransom for rancher's son.
Commercial and Marine.
First sale of n-w-crop club wheat on local
exchange. Page IT.
Bullish crop advices from Europe strengthen
Chicago bwt market. Pag IT.
Price changes In Wall street are lesa sensa
tional. Page IT.
Harbor Park named Mulkey In honor of
Dock Commission Chairman. Pag 14
- Portland and Vicinity.
Scott Bothwell. In letter to brother here.
says Canadians eager to ngni. age i.
New hillside scenic boulevard la ready for
paving-- Page T.
John Austin Hooper, accused of many crimes,
leaves for trial ex. Grants Pass. Page 10.
Weather report, data and forecast. Pace 17.
James R. Nicholson, grand exalted ruler
of EJks. due Here tooay. rage 11.
Record attendance 1 expected for Buyers'
Week. Pase 0.
Dodge 14.0oo case in court reata until
Monday. Page 11.
Crisis impending In city's finances. Pag IT.
Auditorium plans approved and early bulld-
lng assured. Page IS.
Noted sculptor visits Portland. Page 13.
Laundrymen to ask Congreas to exclud
Chlneae. Page 14.
Skamania County's sale of 1210.000 worth
of highway bonds makes new Columbia
route certain, page 4.
New road along Columbia River on north
side assured. Pag 4.
McMlnnv.il returns kiddles after Joyous
picnic. Pase 4.
Senator Tillman delrghts in grandfather
hood. rage 4.
MAN. HURT, RIDES FOR AID
Farmer " With Skull Fractured by
Steel Chip Driven lo Iootor.
PENDLETON. Or., July 22. (Spe
cial.) Struck by a bit of flying steel
when a bolt slipped while he was re
pairing a harvester. Samuel R. Thomp
son, prominent farmer near here, suf
fered a fracture of the skull at his
farm at Easton. Although a dangerous
wound was Inflicted he drove his car
unaided nine miles to town to get
medical attention. It was said at St.
Anthony's Hospital tonight that the pa
tient is resting comfortably. It was
feared at first that a bit of steel had
penetrated the brain, but an operation
is not now deemed urgently necessary.
"WHEN A FELLER NEEDS A FRIEND."
TWO MORE KILLED
IN OIL STRIKE RIOT
Sheriff Asks Governor
MANY SHOTS ARE TINGED
Crowds Jeer Official Who At
tempts to Pacify Them.
MEDIATION IS POSSIBLE
Workmen to Present Demands for
15 Per Cent AVase Increase To
day Determined Attack Is
Made on Barrel Works.
NEW YORK. July 23. Whether the
militia would be called out was the
question tonight In Bayonne. N. J.,
where two more men were killed to
day in fights . between striking em
ployes of the Standard Oil Company.
of New Jersey, and anmed guards.
Deaths since the beginning of the
strike thus total three.
Sheriff Kinkead, who had worked
earnestly to pacify the strikers, .railed
on Governor Fielder for troops after
he had been Jeered by the crowds after
the fight. Wilbur F. Sadler, adjutant
general of New Jersey, was ordered
to Bayonne, and on his report rests
the calling of the militia. Sheriff Kin
kead dl.so appealed to Washington for
Federal mediators, and two of them
were immediately sent by the Depart
ment of Labor.
Mediation Offer Accepted.
The 1500 strikers today accepted the
offer of Henry Wilson, commissioner
of public safety, for an arbitration
board composed of five city commis
sioners. This development, it is be
lieved, may end the strike or at least
may bring about a truce. The strikers
will present their demands for a IS
per cent increase In wages to the com
missioners tomorrow in writing, and
the commissioners will lay them be
fore the Standard Oil plant officials.
Today' disorders started shortly be
fore noon, when several hundred
strikers attacked the guards within the
Standard plant. The guards replied to
showers of bricks, stones and clubs
with volleys from their rifles. After
two futile attempts to approac'j the
plant the strikers retreated.' leaving
three of their number wounded.
.Two of Attackers Killed?
The next and most serious attack
was on the Tidewater Oil Company's
barrel works, a short distance from the
Standard plant. It lasted a half hour.
Two of the attacking Darty were kilied
by bullets and three others were
wounded seriously. ' It was said that
none of the guards was wounded.
Following the Tidewater riot. Sheriff
Kinkead made his unsuccessful attempt
to disperse by a personal appeal. lie
was hooted and Jeered. Deciding that
(Conrludfd on Pag 2. Column tt.
Thursdays War Moves
THE Austro-German armies continue
to press the Russian forces defend.
ing Warsaw, but while they have made
progress at some points they have not
made any serious breach in the well
fortified inner lines.
The Russians have been pressed back
to the bridgehead positions directly
west of Warsaw and Into the fortress
of Ivangorod, farther to the southeast
on the Vistula. At these points they
are probably in a better position, to
offer stubborn resistance to their op
ponents. The two attacks that are
being made at the north along t.ie
Narew River by Field Marshal von
Hindenburg and that which Field Mar
shal Mackensen is directing from the
southeast on the Vistula and Bug riv
ers, apparently have been held up or
the Germans are waiting for an oppor
tune moment to move forward and
catc'.i the Russians, should it be decided
to evacuate Warsaw.
The Berlin official statement does
not assert any advance for Von Mack
ensen. while the report, although it
says that the Russians have ceased
their counter attacks along the Narew,
does not mention any success by Von
Hindenburg. However, If the Russians
hold Warsaw It would surprise military
critics in the allied countries who have
discounted the loss of the city, attacked
from all sides by opponents possessed
of superiority in guns and munitions.
Grand Duke Nicholas, although able
to deliver some stinging counter at
tacks and innlct heavy losses on the
Austro-Germans. must In the first place
consider the safety of his armies, the
loss of which would be much more ee
rious for the Russians than retirement
from the Polish capital and the terri
tory around It.
In the region of Shavli. on the Du-
bls&a. River, and on the Marlampol-
Kovno road, the Germans recite a se
ries of successes, but nothing is said of
the fighting near Riga, for which city
another German army Is heading.
The Argonne and theVosges still are
the scenes of the severe fighting In the
west. The accounts from the opposing
sides are as contradictory as ever, but
It would appear that the French are
the aggressors In the Vosges and have
made some progress, and the Germans
have offset this by a partially success
ful offensive in the Argonne.
The Italians continue their attacks
along the Izonzo; the buttle for the
conquest of Gorlxia and the Carxo pla
teau assuming larger proportions and
more men- being engaged than in any
previous battle on the Italian front.
The Italians say they are making
progress, while the Austrian consist
ently report that all attacks have been
A short official account Issued last
night of the recent fighting on the
Galllpoll Peninsula Indicates that the
engagements have been of a rather
minor nature, but have favored the al
lies. WEDDING LICENSE AVOIDED
Bureau for First Time In Years
Grants: Xo Marriage) Permit.
Not a marriage license all day.
"I don't know what can be the mat
ter," said John W. Cochran, Deputy
County Clerk, scratching his chin re
flectively, "whether It's Just reaction
from the June rush, or what."
Whatever is the matter, this sets a
new record. In the 2S months Mr.
Cochran has served behind the mar
riage license window, not a day had
passed, until yesterday, without the
Issuance of at least one marriage
license. Previous to his Incumbency. It
is believed, several years elapsed with
out an entire day's blank In the mar
riage license business.
BATTLE IS0NJN ARABIA
British Occupy Town on Kuphrates
and Attack Turks.
LONDON. July 22. The British have
occupied Sukea-Sheyukh, on the Eu
phrates River. In Arabia, according to
an official report Issued today, and
are now attacking the Turks, who have
taken up a position below Nasiriyeh.
Reports of British defeats in Irak
are declared In the report to be un
founded. Irak-Axabl lies mostly between the
lower courses of the Tigris and the
Kuphrates and Includes the City of
HURT MESSENGER GOES ON
Bearer of Wilson Epistle Continues
on Retraining Consciousness.
COLUMBUS. Neb.. July 22. In spite
of a fall in which he suffered a broken
collar bone and lost 45 minutes while
he lay unconscious In a ditch, Hugo
Heyn, who carried President Wilson'a
message, en route from Washington to
San Francisco by relays of motorcycles,
from Omaha to this place, arrived here
today four hours after he left Omaha.
He was scheduled to make the trip in
He was leading his two companions
by several miles when the accident
RED CROSS ASKED FOR AID
Prisoners In Siberia. Hospitals iu
France, Send Appeals.
WASHINGTON. July 22. Two more
requests for aid in the European war
xone were received today at Red Cross
headquarters. German and Austrian
prisoners In Siberia want clothing and
medicine. These will be sent with the
consent of the Russian government and
in co-operation with a Chicago German-Austrian
French hospitals have asked for
quantities of drugs, disinfectants aad
clothing for surgeons and nurses. They
will be dispatched at once.
CHANGE IN TACTICS
GRU ING RUSSIANS
Teutons Hope to Stun
Foe for Rest of Year.
ENVELOPMENT IS UNEQUALLED
Baltic-Bessarabia Battle Is
Greatest of War.
4,000,000 MEN ENGAGED
Auj-tro-Germans Count I.c on
Number of Troops and Are Gam
bling on Condition of Czar'a
Armies, Allowed No Rest.
BT KARL. H. VON W I EG AN P.
(Special correspondent of the New YrK
World. By special caM. Copyrlxhter
1&1.V hy the Pre Publishing Company.
Published by arrangement. 1
BERLIN, via The Hague. July 22.
(Special.) More than 4.000,000 men
fighting on the bow-like front extend
ing fro mthe Bal
tic, near Rig.a, to
Bessarabia, on the
tier, are engaged
gaged in what
probably is the
greatest battle of
the war. so far as
the number of men
and the length of
the front is con
cerned. The attack of
the Germans and Karl H. van
Austrlans will re- M Ircant.
solve Itself into the decisive struggle
of the war in Russia and will brin
the campaign to a close for this year.
Field Marshal von Hendenhurc. the
nemesis of the Russians, who has en
trapped and prartically annihilated
three Russian armies In the Masurian
swamps with his famous Chief-of-Ptaff..
Ludendorff. is directing the op
erations on the northern horn or left
wing of the vast Austro-German
Gigantic Kairlo.mral Plsaaed.
Van Mackensen, reconqueror of
rnemysl and a newly decorated Field
Marshal, with his Chief -of-Sta ff. Gen
eral von Seckt. is directing the right
a'init or southern horn, which, how
ever. Is under the supreme command of
the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand.
The general offensive stretching front
the Baltic almost to the Black Sn Is
an attempt at what Is the grentet-t
enveloping movement known in the
history of wars.
It Is a complete chansis of tactics,
for the Germans and Austrlans In the
Russian campaign hitherto have en
paged In frontal attacks before which
the Russian Generals, despite thoir
continuous defeats and the piercing of
their front at Tarnow In May, succeed
ed in drawing back their lines so ad
mirably well that they have always
prevented anything like a decisive suc
cess In the form of envelopment.
No Ckssee Re Cilvea.
Following the taking of Lemlirrg re
ports were rife that the Germans wcro
moving Immense bodies of troops to
the west front, and that Mackensen
had been transferred there. Events of
the la3t days tend to confirm, however,
what I learned at Budapest and Vienna,
whence I Just returned, that the Ger
mnn and Austrian strategists Falken
hayn and Hoetzendorf f. have deter
mined to put forth every energy to
bring the Russian campaign to a close
for the year before the end of Sumner
without giving the Russians a t-hance
to reorganise their demoralized armies
or wait new guns and ammunition
which the Russians expect.
Conscious of the unbroken series of
victories and ith characteristic daring.
Kalkenhayn and Hoetxendorff decided
on an enveloping movement of the Rus
sian armies on an unprecedented scale,
so vast that the chance of success lies
less with the number of German troops
engaged than with their quality and
the gambling on the condition of the
Russian forces and their lack of re
sistance. Itmaalsuia oat Second l.iae.
In the north, the Russians have been
forced back to their second line of
defense on the Narew River. At sev
eral points south of the fortress of
Otitrolcnka, General von Callditx, com
manding one of Hindenburg's armies,
has driven the Russians across the
At no poir.t on the long line are the
Germans and Austrians giving the Rus
sians a rest, but are attacking day and
If the present envelopment is suc
cessful it probably will settle the fate
of Warsaw and the narrow line of forts
east and north of Warsaw. With these
in thel- possession, the Germans prac
tically are assured against any further
Russian invasion, even If the war lasts
GRIEF LEADS TO SUICIDE
Body of Widow of Lusitania Victim
Found in Apartment.
NEW TORK. July 22. Grief over the
death of her husband. George L. Ver
non, a film manufacturer who lost his
life when the Lusitania wa torpedoed.
Is believed to be responsible for the
suicide of Mrs, Inex Vernon, whose,
boiy was found In her apartment here
today. She evidently had shot hers. If
severV days ago.