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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1915)
VOL.. L.V.- XO. 1G,991.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, MAY lO, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
A N D Eti
Diplomatic Break With Ger
WILSON'S POllGY FORECAST
Government Not in Mood for
Long Discussion of Details
,L Regarding Indemnity.
GUARANTY WILL BE ASKED
Berlin Expected to Reiter
ate Terms for Ending Sub
BY JOHN CALLAN OXAUGHLI.V.
WASHINGTON, May 9 Your cor
respondent is in a position to forecast
the impending note of the United
States to Germany holding that gov
ernment to "a strict accountability"
for the loss of American life in the
Lusitania, Gulflight and Falaba dis
asters. From a high authoritative German
source the correspondent likewise has
learned the expected character of the
action which will be taken by Ger
many. Wilson to Demand Indemnity.
President Wilson will demand:
1 Full reparation, which necessari
ly must be in the form of a- cash in
demnity, for evry American who
went down with the Lusitania, Gulf
light and Falaba.
2 A pledge by Germany that this
method of submarine warfare, so
shocking to the humanitarianism of
modern civilization, shall cease at
Germany is prepared, according to
the high authority with whom the
subject was discussed:
1 To express regret that so many
Americans were drowned, especially
in view of the repeated warnings given
neutrals not to take passage on allied
Reparation to Be Conceded.
2 To make such financial repara
tion as is proper, where such action
is especially required, because under
the, treaty between the United States
and Prussia Americans specifically
have the right to traverse freely the
waters of nations with which Ger
many is at war.
3 To propose the cessation of sub
marine operations on condition that
the United States induce Great Brit
a in to permit foodstuffs to reach
It is possible easily to forecast the
negotiations up to this stage.
The grave question is, what shall
be done in view of this certain Ger
American Prestige Involved.
The United States cannot, without
loss of dignity and, what is of greater
importance, loss of prestige, consent
to accept German cessation of mur
derous warfare on the basis of a bar
gain with Great Britain. It cannot
consent to enter into negotiations
with Great Britain about a matter
which belongs exclusively to the
United States and Germany. Nor
can it consent to a prolonged discus
sion of the risks involved, which .may
be the effort of German statesmen.
Such a discussion would be futile.
In February last, following the es
tablishment by Germany of her sub
1 marine zone about the British Isles,
Secretary Bryan informally proposed
to the Berlin authorities that they
"undertake not to use their subma
rines to attack merchantmen of any
flag except when necessary to en
force the right of visit and search,"
on condition that "shipments of food
and foodstuffs will not be interfered
with or detained by the British au
thorities if consigned to agencies des
ignated by the United States Gov-
(.Concluded on Fags 2, Column 4.)
TO SAVE WOMAN
OWN LIFEBELT IS PLACED ON
GIRL AS SHIP SINKS.
American Multimillionaire, Unable
to Swim, Exhibiting Gallantry
"When Last Seen.
LONDON, May 9. Thomas Slidell. or
New York, said today he saw Alfred
G. Vanderbilt on the deck of the Lusi
tania as the vessel was going: down.
Mr. Vanderbilt, who could not swim,
was equipped with a life belt, but he
allantly took it off, Mr. Slrdell said,
and placed it around the body of a
young: woman. Then he went off to seek
another life belt. The ship sank a few
Mr. Slidell said that he and Herbert
Stone, of New York, were sitting: in
the smoking-room when the first tor
pedo struck the ship. Together they
left the room and went on deck, which
already had acutely tilted. Mr. Stone
made for the upper side of the deck,
while Mr. Slidell moved downward.
This was the last that Mr. Slidell saw
of Mr. Stone. Subsequently he asked
sei-eral survivors, but could , not find
anyone who had seen him thereafter.
HELMET TROPHIES RARE
British at Front Unable to Obtain
Stony From Foe's Dead.
GENEI'AL HEADQUARTERS. Brit
ish Army, France, April 16. German
helmets, notwithstanding the thousands
of Germans who have been killed,
wounded and captured, are still rare
trophies at the British front. There
are two chief reasons for this.
The first is that the Germans of late
have been wearing caps, the second
that the dead and wounded between the
lines, on whom most of the helmets are
to be found, are in no man's land,
where it is almost sure death to ven
The British soldier appreciates that
these helmets are bringing fancy prices
in Paris, London and New York and he
is loath to part with any trophy ex
cept for a good sum. A regular clearing-house
for them has been estab
lished and hundreds are being sent to
England for sale to dealers and others.
HUBBARD POLICY $57,500
Wife Also Insured; Vanderbilt Risk
Is Reinsured for $50,000.
HARTFORD, Conn., May 9. A Con
necticut life insurance company, has a
policy through its accident department
on Elbert Hubbard, which with its
double indemnity for loss of life on a
common carrier and its accumulated
benefits, amounts to $57,500. The same
company has a policy on his wife, Alice
Hubbard, which has cost her only $5
and which -with its double indemnity
provisions will double the face value
of $13,500 to $25,000, and will be pay
able to her estate.
The same company has $50,000 re
insurance on the policy of another con
cern, issued to Alfred G. Vanderbilt.
HALIBUT 0FF COLUMBIA
Catch of 18,0 00 Pounds Made 2 7
Miles Due "West or IUvcr.
ASTORIA, Or., May 9. (Special.)
Eighteen thousand pounds of halibut
was the catch made on Saturday by
the Booth Fisheries steamer Zapora
at the banks 27 miles duo west of the
mouth of the river.
The Zapora had been fishing as far
south as the Newport banks but with
out success. Returning yesterday she
ppoke the steamer Chicago, which had
secured a full load on the local banks.
Dropping her " lines" overboard, the
Zapora made a haul of 18,000 pounds
during the day, and then came to As
toria to procure oil before completing
CONSUL GETS AFFIDAVITS
Mate-rial Fat-Is of Sinking of Lusi
tania to Be Cabled to Washington.
QUEENS TOWN. May 9. Wesley L.
Frost. United States Consul at Cork,
is oDtaining affidavits concerning all
the material facts concerning the tor
pedoing of the liner Lusitania from
Jessie Taft Smith, of Braceville, O., Dr.
Howard Fisher, of New York, and Rob
ert Rankin, of New York.
These survivors will cable to the
State Department at Washington about
300 words each. Two attaches of the
American Embassy at London are due
to arrive here today.
FORMAL INQUIRY ORDERED
Lord Merzy to Conduct Investiga
tion for Board of Trade.
LONDON. May 9. It is officially an
nounced that the British Board of
Trade, with the concurrence of the Ad
miralty, had . ordered an inquiry Into
the circumstances attending the loss
of the Lusitania. Lord Merzy has con'
sented to conduct the inquiry.
Lrd Merzy conducted the investiga
tions into the sinking of the steamers
Titanic and Empress of Ireland.
CANADIAN HOME LOSES 4
Red Cross Chief's Wife and Daugh
ters Lost "With Liner.
LONDON, May 9. Major Ryerson,
head of the Canadian Red. Cross, in the
field, has been repeatedly bereaved.
One son has been killed In battle in
Flanders, another lies dangerously
wounded, and his wife and two daugh
ters were lost on the Lusitania.
ITALY IS MASSING
TROOPS AT VERONA
Force of 600,000 Ready
for Instant Duty.;
MORE INFANTRY CALLED -OUT
Germans and Austrians Are
Reported Leaving Country.
BORDER PHONES SUSPEND
Special Trains Carry 3 0OO Persons
to Geneva and Lugano Also Is
Filled With Fugitives; Jour
nalists Take Departure.
GENEVA, Switzerland, via Taris,
May 9. An Italian army. 600,000
etrong, fully equipped, and ready for
the field, lias been concentrated at
Verona is a fortified Italian city sit
uated at the baae of the Tyrolese Alps.
25 miles from the frontier of Austria
Hungary. LONDON, May 9. The Copenhagen
correspondent of the Exchange Tele
graph Company sends the following:
"A private message from Berlin says
that Italy -yesterday called to the col
ors all infantry classes from 1876 and
that many trains loaded with troops
are proceeding to the front."
PARIS. May 9. A dispatch from Be
linzona, Switzerland, to the Temps to
day says: (
"Aufctrians and Germans are fleeing
from all parts of Italy. All trains in
the direction of the frontier are packed
with Teutonic passengers, including
merchatns and officials.
"Special trains have brought 3000
Germans from Rome, Florence and Bo
logna, en route for Germany. Lugano
also is filled with refugees.
"Notice has been given of the sus
pension from today of the telephone
service across the frontier and of the
suppression of a great many passenger
'All German and " Austrian journal
ists have left Italy."
MAZAMAS SEE C0TTRELL
L. F. Harza Points Out Geological
Features on Sandy Trip.
For their Sunday outing yesterday
the Mazamas went to Cottrell by the
Bull Run train. The party of 85 fol
lowed the long trail down to the 3andy
River and then tramped along the river
for several miles before lunch.
. Various features of geological in
terest were pointed out and explained
by the leader, T. F. Harza. Then came
a further tramp along the river, fol
lowed by a climb up the precipitous
slope's to the plateau above, for the .re
turn by road to Cottrell. A special
train brought the hikers back to the
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, S3
degrees; minimum, 53 degrees. m
TODAY'S Showers: southwesterly winds.
More of survivors expected to die. Page 1.
Physician . among survivors says passengers
had little chance to save themselves.
Lusitania believed trapped by several sub
marines. Page 1.
Sinking of Gulflight of greater importance,
is authoritative German view. Page 3.
Breaking off of diplomatic relation with Ger-
many possible outcome of demand Ad
ministration Is expected to make as re
sult of sinking of Lusitania. Page 1.
Alfred G. Vanderbilt gives own lifebelt to
woman and drowns. Page 1.
John Drew warned Charles Frohman not to
make trip on Lusitania. Page 3.
Vienna says Rome holds answer to question
of peace or war. page 4.
Russians easiest to take captive of all sol
diers in war. page 5.
Violent fighting In progress in Flanders and
France. Page 4.
New British army now going to front of dif
ferent type from old. Page 6.
Italy massing 600.000 troops at Verona;
trains moving for front. Page J.
100.000 Russians captured during past week.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland-San
Francisco games postponted. rain: Salt
Lake 8. Oakland 2; Venice 7-1, Los An
geles 0-2. Page 10.
Jimmie Parsons breaks track record In 15
mile auto race. Page 10. i
Most minors in action and all will be before
end of month. Page 11.
Piedmont Maroons and East Side Redmen
win City League games. Page 10.
Dubuc, of Detroit, holds Washington to one
hit and defeats Walter Johnson. Page 10.
Washington Highway Commission calls for
bids for big stretches of road work.
Law regulating employment agents effect
ive May Zi. Page 11.
, Finance and Industry.
Merchants' National Bank May letter is op
timistic. Page 8.
Financial conditon of warring countries
shown. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
James A. Farrell, president of United States
Steel Corporation, due in Portland tomor
row. Page 14.
Glowing tribute paid mothers by Portland
ministers. Page .
Aged veteran of Civil War is homeless and
pluckily seeking employment. Page 1.
Lecturer says Christian Science healins Is
not miraculous. Page 9.
Bishop O'Reilly preaches at St. Mary's
Church. Page .
Forty officials of B'nal B'rith to arrive In
Portland Thursday evening. Page 14.
New movie bills In all theaters prove keenly
Interesting. Page 14.
Portland Joins other cities in homage to
mothers. Page 4.
Miss Ruth Angel leads candidates for queen
at start of race. Page 9.
HERO WORSHIP RESENTED
Wounded Briton Says Families of
Soldiers Are Most Deserving.
LONDON, April 18. "Lord, keep us
wounded men modest and open our eyes
to the purer heroism of those men and'
women whoi denied the bravo show of
the battlefield, sacrifice themselves day
by day to the tedious tasks for which
we have not the courage," is the prayer
with which a wounded soldier conclud
ed an article in the Express, pleading
for less hero worship.
"Am I a hero?" he asks. His answer
is "No, I am not," and the wounded hero
stunt has fed me up."
Too much attention spoils the man
and it is besides unfair to the comr
rades in the trenches, says the writer
"Now I am living like a lord in a
beautiful improvised convalescent home
in a select suburb of London, where
lovely ladies wait on us and equally
lovely ladies come to visit us, generally
bringing gifts. I am touched by the
kindly thought, but I think of the
wives and children of my comrades at
SAVE THE FEATIIERS, GENTLEMEN.
FOES THOUGHT ALL
Liner Chased Into Trap
1500 ESTIMATED DEATH TOLL
One Funeral for 139 Victims to
Be Held Today.
45 EXPIRE AFTER ESCAPE
Identification of Corpses Is Only
Problem. Now, Announces Cunard
Official; Heavy Ly-s Duo to
Overconfidence in Ship.
LONDON, May 9. "The only prob
lem now is to identify the nameless
Thus Superintendent Dodd, of the
Cunard Company dashed tonight any
lingering hope that there might be
further survivors of the Lusitania.
So far as can be ascertained the sur
vivors number 487 passengers and 274
of the crew. Forty-five persons have
died from exposure or from injuries.
The death roll as estimated here totals
well up to 1500.
Several Submarines Suspected.
Lord Mersey is to conduct an inquiry
into the sinking of the vessel, and until
that begins official opinion as to how
the Lusitania came to be caught and
why so many lives were lost will re
main a secret. The general unofficial
opinion that several German subma
rines were assigned to the task of
attacking the Cunard liner, and that
they maneuvered her into a position
where she could not escape.
Passengers say that for some time
before the first torpedo was fired the
Lusitania. had altered her' course, and
they ascribe this to the fact that one
of the German submarines bad shown
herself, sending the big liner In the
direction where - other under-water
craft were waiting to strike with their
Brltlah Still Cross Sea.
These submarines, naval experts be
lieve, are of the latest type, of prob
ably 1400 tons, and much more power
ful than any possessed by other navies.
Beyond anger at the Germans, the
catastrophe has had no effect on the
British people. Steamers are arrivir
and departing as usual and even the
steamers to Ireland are being freely
, The heivi' loss of life on the Lusi
tania was due. in thf belief of rescued
passengers, to the fact that some offi
cers at least reassured them when the
first tropedp struck that the Lusitania
would remain afloat and could make
Queenstown. Preparations, it Is true,
were made to launch the boats, but
before this could be done, a second
torpedo hit the steamer and she listed
(Corw-luded on Page .. Column 2.)
MEXICANS TRY TO
CAPITAL SITUATIX GRAVE 1XL
LOWIXG SPLIT WITH ZAPATA.
Attack on Convention's Provisional
President' Results in Battle
With Heavy I.of-ses.
WASHINGTON, May 9. An attempt
to assassinate Roque Gonzales Garza,
the convention Provisional President of
Mexico, was made early today l B
led by General Barona Oary
commander of Alexia -according
to dispatches !iO. here tonight
from the " t capital. Barona s
troops we" repulsed, after severe
fighting, with losses to both sides.
A critical situation is Kald to exlnt
within the capital as a result of a rup
ture between General Zapata and Gen
eral Garza, and the dispatches said
"grave events" were feared. Zapata
was said to have sent a telegram to
the convention demanding that General
Palafox, who was put out of the
Cabinet by Garza, be immediately re
stored to office.
General Zapata's forces dominate the
territory south of Mexico City and are
believed to be able to control the cap
ital itself, as General Villa, with the
main army of the convention govern
ment, is operating farther north
against General Obregon. who is be
tween him and the capital. Tonight's
dispatches gave the first information,
except through reports from Carranza
sources, of the break between Zapata
RAIN IN CITY IS FREAKY
While Sun Shines InOne Part Other
Parts Have Downpour.
It rained over all of Portland part of
the time, and although it didn't rain
over all of Portland all the time, the
whole city got a pretty thorough sprin
kling. It was Just the right sort of rain to
reach down Into the ground and Jerk
the tips of the onion sprouts out into
A peculiar characteristic of much of
the rainfall was its local distribution.
Yesterday evening for a time, there
was not a drop of rain falling on the
West Side, while at the same time, the
streetcars and autos crossed the bridges
from the Kast Side, glistening under
the lively drenching they had reoeived.
At other time. J. Pluvius switched the
nozzle over to the West Side and lei
the East Side dry out for a spell.
LINER FUNNELS KILL MANY
Stacks Kali as Lusitania Goes Down,
LONDON, May 9. Lusitania survi
vors say that one of the most appall
ing sights connected with the disaster
was the fall of the giant funnels which
snapped and fell with terrific crashes
as the ship went down, killing several
people under them. One of those who
met death in this way was M. I'apade
pulo. He saw his wife into a boat,
kissed her bood-bye, and refused to ac
company her. as other women were
still on the ship.
Two or three survivors say they were
sucked into the mouths of the sinking
funnels -with several others and all
were nearly choked with cinder and
soot. They were ejected, violently, ap
parently by an explolon, and were
blackened from head to foot. One wo
man who was thus shot out of a fun
nel dropped into a boat.
GOLF BALL FELLS PLAYER
Colonel Morrow Kcndered Uncon
scious When Hit in the Eje.
Perils of the golf links were illus
trated Saturday afternoon at the
Waverly Club grounds when Colonel
J. J. Morrow, United States Corps of
Engineers, was felled by a golf ball
which hit him in the eye and rendered
him unconscious for several minutes.
The ball, driven by another player,
struck a marker on the green and was
deflected to Colonel Morrow, who was
standing, presumably, in a perfectly
Colonel Morrow's physician took a
stitch in the left eyelid, which was cut
severely, and a badly bruised eye re
sulted from the accident. The sight,
it la thought, will not be impaired.
WOMAN'S CAR STILL GONE
Mrs. L. A. Jiarncd Not to Prosecute
If Auto Is Kelurncd.
Up to a late hour yesterday no trace
had been found of the four-passenger
Chalmers automobile stolen from Mrs.
L. A. Harned. of 739 Irving street. Sat
urday night. Although two roughly
clad men driving the car were pursued
through the streets by Mrs. Harn"d in
a stranger's machine Saturday night,
after they had Hashed by her. they
dropped from sight and the automobile
Should the thieves proves to be only
Joy-riding young fellows, Mrs. Harned
declared yesterday that she would not
prosecute them, but that she desired her
car returned. A monogram was worked
in copper on the radiator and tonneau
of the stolen machine.
DEATH FOLLOWS REUNION
Hufrbuntl Dies Week After Marriage
to Woman Divorced Last Tear.
BAKER. Or.. May 9. (Special.) Re
united to his wife exactly a week. Jo
seph Neilsen died suddenly Saturday
afternoon at his home in Whitney.
Stomach trouble was the cause.
Neilsen and his wife were divorced
last Fall and remarried last Saturday.
H was 45 years old and had been fore
man of Stoddard Bros.' mill at Whit
ney 22 years.
More Lusitania Victims Are
Expected to Die.
EXPLOSION MANGLES B.NY
Bodies Left in Water in Ef
forts to Hasten Aid to
Those Still Living.
FIRST CABIN HARDEST HIT
Large Proportion of Those
v- Saved Are Crew, but Be
havior Is Commended.
QUEENSTOWN, May 0. Twenty
three miles from this port, as tie
crow flies, an irregular smear of
flotsam on a calm sea marks the
grave of the Cunarder Lusitania, fit"
trans-Atlantic liner sunk by a G
One hundred and forty-nine of 120
souis wno pensneu wim ner lie in
improvised morgues in old buildings
bordering Queenstown harbor.
Additional Deaths Kxpecled.
The 645 survivors here are quar
tered in hotels, residences and hospi
tals, some too badly hurt to be moved.
Two groups' left town Saturday, clad
in misfit clothing, bound for Dublin
by rail and thence by boat to Holy
head. The injuries of some are so
serious that additional deaths are ex
pected and nearly all are too dazed
to understand fully what has hap
pened. The survivors do not agree as to
whether the submarine fired one or
two torpedoes. A few say they saw
the periscopes. Many attest to trac
ing the wake of foam as a projectile
came toward the vessel.
Lifeboats' Davits Smashed.
The only points in which all concur
is that the torpedo struck the vessel
a "vital blow amidships, causing her
to list almost immediately to the star
board. In this careening fashion the
plowed forward some distance, smaph
ing the lifeboats' davits as she did
so and making the launching of boat I
well nigh impossible until headway
How far the Lusitania struggled
forward after being struck and how
long it was before she disappeared
beneath the waves are likewise point.1
on which few passengers agree, esti
mates of the time she remained afloat
ranging from eight to 20 minutes.
The list to starboard so elevated the
lifeboats on the port side as soon to
render them useless.
Women and Children Drown.
It is said only two on that side were
launched. The first of these was
filled with women and children. It
struck the water unevenly, capsizing
and throwing its 60 occupants into
the sea. The Lusitania even then was
making considerable headway and the
women and little children were swept
to death in spite of the attempts of
two stokers to rescue them. These
heroic men, according to the passen
gers, were drowned.
After that several boats wcro
launched successfully, but the steam
er's list grew more perilous, the decks
slanting to such an angle that it was
imperative for all to cling to the rail.
Many by this time had donned life
belts and jumped for it. Several life
boats broke adrift unoccupied and
the sea became a froth of oars, chairs,
debris and human bodies.
Two Stokers Save 40 Persons.
Two stokers, seeing a drifting boat,
dived overboard, recovered it and
pulled in nearly 40 persons, mostly
women. The Lusitania's crew mean
while adhered to the letter to the
instructions which had been given
them and the discipline was rigid.
All day yesterday in hotel corridors,
halls and reception-rooms, survivors
sat listlessly, still too dazed to din
cuss what had occurred. They were
dressed in a variety of garments.
(Concluded ou l'afie 'J, C'o;umu