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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 8, 1915)
VOL. LV.- NO. 16,990.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
US TAN A SUN
Liner Attacked by Subma
rine Off Irish Coast.
VESSEL HAS NO WARNING
4Two Torpedoes Crash Into
Side While Passengers
. Are at Their Luncheon.
EXPLOSIONS ARE TERRIFIC
Injured Among Survivors Has
tened to Hospitals, Where
Many Afterward Die.
KATIOXALITIES EMBRACED IX
1st 2d 3d
cabin, cabin, class.
Great Britain.. 179 521 256
United States.. 106 .65 17
Greece 3 ... 3
Sweden 1 ... ...
Mexico 1 ... 1
Switzerland ... 1 ... ...
Russia 9 59
Belgium 1 ...
Holland 3 ...
France 6 .-
Persia ... 18
Finland ... 1
Scandinavia ...... ... 4
Unknown ........ S ...
LONDON. May 8. The Cunard
liner Lusltanla, -which sailed out of
New oYrk last Saturday with more
than 2000 persons aboard, lies at the
bottom of the ocean off the Irish
She -was sunk b ya German subma
rine, which sent two torpedoes crashing-
Into hor side, while the passen
gers, seemingly confident that the
great vessel could elude the German
under-water craft, were having: lunch
eon. Only ey Hundred Accounted For.
How many of the Lusitania's pas
sengers and crew were rescued cannot
"be told at present, but the official
statements from the British Admiralty
up to midnight accounted for not
more than 500 or 600. It .was reported
at the Cunard offices, however, that
between 600 and 600 had been landed
at Queenstown and about 300 at Clo
nakllty. There were 1251 passengers
and 816 in the crew, a total of 2067.
It is believed more survivors will be
accounted for. Many are reported to
have died in hospitals.
A Dublin dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company says that the lat
est reports Indicate a loss of life of
There were dead and wounded
among those brought ashore; some
since have died.
Torpedoes Fired Without Warning:.
The Lusltanla was steaming along
about 10 miles off Old Head Kinsale,
on. the last leg of her voyage to Liver
pool, when about 2 o'clock in the
afternoon a submarine suddenly ap
peared, and so far as all reports go,
fired two torpedoes without warning
at the steamer. One struck her near
the bows and the other in the engine
room. The powerful agents of de
struction tore through the vessel
side, causing terrific explosions. Al
most Immediately great volumes of
water poured through the openings
and the Lusitania listed.
Boats, which Were already swung
out on the davits, were dropped over
board and were speedily filled with
passengers -who had been appalled by
the desperate attack.
Rescue Boats Put Out Speedily.
A wireless call for selp was sent out
and immediately rescue boats of all
kinds were sent, both from the neigh
boring points along the coast and
But within 15 minutes, as one sur
vivor estimated, and. certainly within
half an hour, the Lusltanla had disap
peared. Many rescued were taken to
Queenstown by steamers. Others are
reported as having been landed at the
porta of Clonakllty and Kinsale. Some
dead and Injured were taken ashore
with the survivors. Several have died
The Admiralty says that between
BOO and 600 survivors from the Lusl
tanla have now been landed, many of
them hospital cases. Some also have
been landed at Kinsale, the number
not having yet been reported.
Admiralty to Issue Statement.
It is said that the British Admiralty
Is not withholding any verified facts
regarding the Lusitania. but declines
Concluded on Ff 0. Column
OFF FOR BRITAIN
CROWDED LIVJEIt SAILS AFTER
lEARING ABOUT LUSITANXA.
Captain Hopes He Will Catch Sight
of German Submarine Twelve
Cancel at Last Moment.
NEW YORK, May 7. The British
steamer Transylvania of the Anchor
Line sailed late today for Liverpool a
few hours after news of the Lusitania's
sinking had been received. The Tran
sylvania's cabins were crowded, her
agents said. There were 879 passen
gers aboard and others who wanted to
go, according to officers of the line,
could not be accommodated for lack of
Captain John Black, who was recently
transferred to the Transylvania from
the British auxiliary cruiser Columbia,
commanded the ship.
"I have been hunting for a. subma
rine ever since this War began," was
his comment on the Lusitania. "I only
hope I see one on this trip and that she
comes close enough for me to ram her."
"Do you expect to fly the American
flag when you reach the war zone?"
he was asked.
"No, sir, ril take my ship to port
with the flag of England flying or not
at all," he replied.
All precautions, however. Captain
Black said, would be observed when
the Transylvania reached the war zone.
Of the Transylvania's passengers 117
were In the first cabins, 310 In the sec
ond and 452 in the steerage. Almost
half the passengers were from Canada,
it was said. There was little nervous
ness apparent among the passengers,
all of whom had heard of the Lusi
tania's fate. Twelve last-minute can
cellations were recorded. This, It was
said, was not an unusual number.
NO PASSAGE BOUGHT HERE
Canard Agents Say Portlanders Not
Known to Be on Lusitania.
So far as Portland agents of the Cun
ard line know, no person from Portland
was aboard the Lusitania, None of the
agents had booked any passages for
Dorsey B. Smith, of the Tourist Trav
el Bureau, sold a ticket to A. E. Mann,
who was connected with Kerr, Gifford
& Co. until a year ago, but his passage
was for the next sailing of the Lusl
tanla, May 29. Mr. Mann is thought
to be in Chicago. Frederick S. McFar
land. of the O.-W. R. & N. Company,
had booked a passage for J. A. John
son, but it was also for the liner's next
Among the other offices at which
tickets are sold over the Cunard line
are the Northern Pacific, Southern Pa
cific, Great Northern and Spokane,
Portland & Seattle. At all of these It
was said, however, that no passages
had been sold for months.
George T. Robbins, of the Northern
Pacific, said: "Since the war began,
and especially In the last few months
since the beginning of the German sub
marine campaign, there has been prac
tically no transatlantic business from
here. There will be still less from now
Si ?t2 5?
ft KJ :3M ay$3 A &
..... ... xr-
TP Cuaarder Lusitania. Middle
SINKING OF VESSEL
Government Views Sit
uation as Serious.
WILSON MAKES NO COMMENT
Text of Warning Note to Ger
many Now Recalled.
EMBASSY NOT SURPRISED
German Diplomats Say That Because
Lusitania - Carried Arms and
Ammunition They Expected
She Wonld Be Victim.
WASHINGTON, Mar 7. Torpedoing
of the British liner Lusitania with
scores of Americans on board shocked
official Washington today as had no
other Incident since the outbreak of the
The feeling was widespread that if
any American lives had been lost, the
United States, in view of its strong
warning to Germany, would be con
fronted with the necessity of taking
steps to safeguard the lives of Its citi
zens en the high seas.
Series Reaches Climax.
The sinking of the Lusitania marks
the climax of a series of lncldentsslnce
the announcement of the German war
zone decree concerning which the Amer
ican Government has been silent. It Is
now predicted that, even though it de
veloped that no American lives were
lost on the Lusltanla, general represen
tations will be made by the United
States covering all the cases Involved
the death of Leon C. Thresher, an Amer
ican citizen, when the British steamer
Falaba was sunk; the dropping of
bombs on the American steamer Cush-
lng, and the attack on the steamer
Gulflight, which was wrecked with a
loss of three American lives.
The report that the Lusitania was
torpedoed without warning created
much discussion, for it was the.-first
case in which this threatened procedure
has been carried out with Americans
on board a belligerent vessel.
Repeated Warnings Recalled.
Aside from diplomatic' questions in
the case, -which were widely discussed
in Washington tonight, the sinking of
the liner brought to light an interest
ing story of repeated threats and warn
ings which have reached high officials
for several days past of a plan by the
German Admiralty to sink the Lusl
tanla for the psychological effect it
would have on Great Britain and the
(Concluded on Page 5, Column 1.)
GREAT LINER TORPEDOED OFF IRISH COAST AND MAP SHOWING WHERE SHE WENT DOWN.
' r- , - - Miyir
v - ' 'xi
(From Left) How Twentieth Century
.at Dock la .tw ork.
- " 1 ? -
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
, Tho Wen-tner.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 77
degrees; minimum, 49.2 degrees.
TODAY'S Saturday lair. oot o'watro;
Sinking of IuMtuls.
Liner LuMtania sunk by Germain submarine;
several hundred lives reported. lost.
Washington much stirred by sinking of
I.usita.nia., but withholds comment pend
ing receipt of full information. Page A.
German warnings first taken aa joke by
Liusitania passenger. . Page
German submarine base in Ireland is re
ported. Page 1.-
Passenger list of Lusitania, Page 'J,
Lusltanla I finest, fastest, biggest and most
expensive liner when new. Page ?.
Roosevelt says sinking was act of piracy.
Wall street greatly excited over sea dis
aster. Page 1.
Australians use only bayonets In face of
deadly fire in landing at Dardanelles.
Japan modifies demands and China - will
accept them. Page 5.
Open-river fleet reaches Astoria and is
given enthusiastic welcome. Page 9.
Pacific Coast League results : Portland 1 ,
San Francisco S; Venice 3, Los Angeles
0; Salt Lake 6, Oakland 1. Page 10.
Cincinnati ends winning streak of Chicago
Clubs. Page 10.
Aggies beat Washington State, 12 to 6, at
Corvallls. Page 10.
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern apple grading rules are an
nounced. Page 15.
Chicago wheat declines on heavy selling, due
to Lusltanla news. . Page 15.
Violent break in stock prices in Wall street.
Celilo Canal Plant being transferred
Portland and Vicinity.
Suit to test validity of road bonds not
necessary and issue approved. Page 16.
Indlan sues Wealth Fishing Company for
grant under tribal rights. Page 11.
Girls of Trades School have display of
millinery handiwork. Page 12.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 12.
TWO ON LINER KNOWN HERE
Henry Adams, City Treasurer's TJn
cle, and Wife on Lusitania.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Adams, two of
the passengers on the steamer Lusi
tania, are well known in Portland,
having resided here for ten years prior
to 1897. Mr. Adams is the uncle of
William Adams, City Treasurer of
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Adams came to
Portland in 1887 when he was engaged
in the tea department of the Corbett
Macleay Company, wholesale grocers.
They left Portland in 1897. going to
London. Mr. Adams now is In busi
ness in London. Since quitting Port
land he and his wife have been back
here upon several occasions.
AMERICANS ARE ANXIOUS
Embassy in London Open All Night
to Give Xews.
LONDON", May 8. The American Em
bassy and consulate and the American
newspaper offices have been flooded
with telephonic inquiries from Amer
icans as to the fate of the passengers
on the Lusitania.
The Embassy decided to remain open
all night, so that any news that was
received could be made public.
If i 'i lXC- ' :
I faff' - n Afcwrou-.c!,
Quebec y V fr?vJmmm
M entreat" f'Gy
CTZ,. BOSTON - -
Limited Would Have Looked Alongside Laaltanla's Funnels! Veranda f,.;( d
Haute of Liner on Fatal Voyage. Cross Marks Where She Waa Soak,
Washington Recalls Re
cent Raids Nearby.
AID FROM NATIVES REPORTED
Submarines Also Capable of
Voyages of 6000 Miles.
UNUSUAL ATTACK . LIKELY
United States' Xaval Officials Be
lieve Lusitania Too Well Built to
Be Destroyed by Explosion
of Only One Torpedo. -
WASHINGTON', May 7. Naval offi
cers here think the Lusitania probably
was struck by more than one torpedo
if, as reported, she remained afloat
only 30 minutes after the first explo
sion: The ship was so constructed.'
they said, that except under extraor
dinary conditions, a single torpedo
could not sink her.
It was pointed out, however, that in
side explosions following the attack
might have aided in the work of de
struction, as the ship is understood to
have carried a vast quantity of war
material for the allies, including much
RtHiie of All Doubtful.
6uch explosions might have ripped
open several compartments and so
weakened others that they gradually
gave way under the pressure of in
One theory credited by some State
Department officials is that the German
submarines have a base on the Irish
coast, and are aided secretly by natives
of the locality.
If all of the passengers and crew of
the ship were removed in her boats
after she was torpedoed, the -officers
and crew of the Lusitania accomplished
an almost impossible task, some offi
cers said.- The ship carried the full
complement of boats, both of the reg
ular and collapsible type, and of life
rafts required under American naviga
A place for every person aboard the
ship fn lifeboats was assured, it is
said, and undoubtedly all boats were
swung out and provisioned as soon as
the steamer cleared New York harbor
and remained so all the way across.
Vessel . Thought Indestructible.
It was suggested, however, that the
task of getting Into the boats nearly
2000 persons, many . of whom were
(Concluded on Page 5. Column 4.)
l 5 - ill'
- ' - - . V -
vi.it .r x -MJSt' I,, , jJ t
. f . . . .(
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ACT WAS PIRACY
COLONEL BEPKATS COMMENT
HE MADE ON' GULFLIGHT.
Opinion as to AVbat United Mates
Should Bo "In Circumstances,
However, Is Kcserved.
SYRACUSE, N. Y, May .7. (Special.)
Colonel Roosevelt ' characterized the
sinking of the Lusltanla as "an act of
" "I do not know enough of the facts,"
said the Colonel, "to make any further
comment, or to say what would be
proper for this Government to do in
"I can only repeat what I said the
other day when the Gulflight was sunk.
I called attention to the fact,
months before the German zone was
established and deeds such as the sink
ing of the Lusitania were threatened,
that If such deeds were perpetrated
they would represent nothing but mere
"I hear the ship carried the Ameri
can flag. Whether that was an act
of deceit or whether she was under
American register I do not know."
WAR GOODS ON LUSITANIA
Manifest Shows Ammunition Valued
at $300,024 on Board.
NEW YORK, May 7. (Special.) One
of the items of the Lusitania's cargo
was ammunition, valued at $20,024.
The ship carried 5471 cases of cartridges
and ammunition, according to the ship's
Such a passenger ship. It was ex
plained, would not carry high ex
plosives, for those articles are shipped
on the British cargo ships.
The Lusitania had a cargo of 1200
tons, which is practically all she could
carry. Its value was put at 8850,000.
Included in her manifest are the fol
lowing items: Sheet brass, 260.000
pounds, valued at 849,565; copper. 11,762
pounds, valued at 820.955; copper wire,
58,465 pounds, valued at $11,000; 349
packages of furs, valued at $119,220;
military goods 189 packages, valued
at 866.221; 89 cases of leather valued at
$31,517 and 432.165 pounds of beef.
MEDFORD GIRL PASSENGER
Miss Dorothy Conner on Way to Join
Bed Cross Unit In Belgium.
MEDFORD, Or., May 7. (Special.)
Miss Dorothy Conner, daughter of Mrs.
Charles Conner, wealthy ranch owner
in the Rogue River Valley, was a pas
senger on the Lusitania. She left Med
ford about two weeks ago and word
was received here this morniiig that
she only had two hours In which to
catch the boat. Miss Conner wrote Just
before the boat sailed: "The Lusitania
is now being held up and there is a
report the captain has lost his nerve,
but I think we will get off all right."
Miss Conner was accompanied by her
brother-in-law. Dr. Fisher, of Wash
ington, D. C, and she intended to join
her sister, who lives in England, as a
member 'of a Red Cross unit is Bel
STOCKS TUMBLE AS
SINKING IS FLASHED
Anxious Relatives Be
siege Ship Offices.
860 SAIL ON ANOTHER LINER
Only 12 Cancel Passage After
News of Disaster.
SUNKEN VESSEL INSURED
five Million Dollars Carried on
Lusitania Consternation Caused,
in Exporting: Circles Sched
ules May Be Changed
NEW YORK. May 7. First news of
the torpedoing and sinking of the
Cunard liner Lusltanla came shortly
after 1 P. M. today through an an
nouncement from the local offices of the
Cunard line which said that an un
confirmed rumor to that effect bad
been received from abroad.
Less than an. hour later the company
made public additional messages con
firming the report which. In the mean
time, however, had been verified by
newspaper dispatches from London.
Wall Street Affected.
Publication of the news created
tremendous excitement In Wall Street
and there followed a violent decline In
both the stock and cotton markets.
Under an avalanche of selling orders
which reached their greatest volume
the last hour of trading, otocka fell
S to 30 points and cotton $2. S3 a bale.
The so-called war stocks, like Beth
lehem Steel, were especially affected.
The Lusitania, with a total of 1251
passengers aboard, of whom 1S8 were
Americans and with a crew of 818,
sailed from here last Saturday In the
face of a warning published on the
day of her departure by the German
embassy which said that travelers In
tending to embark on British ships did
so at the risk of the ship's being
destroyed In accordance with the Ger
man zone decree.
Paaseagera' Relatives Aaxloua.
This afternoon and tonight anxious
friends and relatives of the Lusitania's
passengers besieged the offices of the
Cunard line and the scene recalled
those at the offices of the White Star
line when the Titanic sank three years
ago. Officials of the Cunard line an
nounced tonight that they had re
ceived more, than 500 telephone and
telegraph Inquiries relative to the
safety of passengers. Telegrams were
received from as far north as Montreal,
as far south as Atlanta and as far went
as St. Louis.
The ship itself, Cunard officials said
today, was covered by 13,000.000 war
The news created perhaps the great
est consternation In exporting circles,
where the question arose as to the
probable course of the steamship com
panies in maintaining their schedules
in the future.
Another I.Iner Salln.
There were no cancellations an
nounced today, and, despite the fate of
the Lusitania, the Cunard line per
mitted the Anchor iincr Transylvs.ni.1
to sail for Liverpool tonight. Out of
879 passengers only 42 canceled their
The first Intimation of trouble to tiia
Lusitania, published by tho Cunavii
Company shortly after 1 o'cloc'K. as an
"unconfirmed report" that the Lusi
tania had ben torpedoed, was based on
a message which the company said it
had received at 11:41 A. M. The text
of this message wus not glvt.n out
until about S P. M., and was ii fo!
lows: "We regret to advise that an un
confirmed report Is that the Lujitania
was torpedoed by a submarine at 2
P. M. Friday, ten miles south of
Kinsalo. and sank at 2:30 P. M. Vc
have no news as yet as to tho safety
of the passengers and crew."
All Available Craft Co to Aid.
Confirmation of the sinking was not
made known until 2 P. M., when the
texts of messages from Liverpool anil
Queenstown were given out. The first
of the?e was a wireless direct from the
Lusitania calling for assistance; the
other from Old Head, Kinsale, saying
that boats belonging to the Lunltania
were "in the vicinity where she sunk."
Subsequent messages told that all th;
available craft In Queenstown were
going to the rescue and that a Greek
steamer was In the vicinity. Another
message received at about 4:30 o'clock
said that, according to a Cork news
paper. 300 passengers had been landed
"The Cunard Company's whole con
cern," said a message received about
6:30, "Is with regard to the possible loss
of life of passenger and crew. The
material loss Is en.. ...i by insurance.
Warning" Not Indicated.
"According to the merger messages so
far received the Lusitania was torpe
doed without a warning and sank
within a short space of time. A large
number of the ship's boats are known
to be afloat and the weather Is re
ported to be fine and calm. Kvery ef
fort is being made to obtain further
details and all information will be
published without delay."
As the night wore on, only a handful
of persona remained or visited the
Cunard office Inquiring for Inform.
Concluded oa l's i, Coiuasn i t