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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 11, 1915)
VOL. LV-m 16,99:
PORTLAND, OREGON. TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
PEACE IS TONE OF
No Direct Reference Is
Made to Lusitania.
RIGHT IS PLACED ABOVE WAR
Mr. Wilson Indicates America
Will Avoid Conflict.
BIG AUDIENCE APPLAUDS
Nation So Right It Docs Not "Need
to Convince Others by righting.
He Says Appeal Made to Nat
uralized Citizens to Be Loyal.
PHILADELPHIA, May 10. President
Wilson gave to a gathering of 4000
naturalized Americans tonight the
first intimation of what course, the
United States Government will pursue
in the situation resulting from the loss
of more than a hundred American lives
on the British liner Lusitania.
Ilo tpoko by implication, but his
hearers interpreted his remarks as
meaning that while the United States
Bill remain at peace it would seek to
convince Germany of the Injustice to
mankind' of the tragedy of last Friday.
Miimple of Peace Mentioned.
"America," said the President, "must
have the consciousness that on all eides
it touches elbows and touches heart
with all nations of mankind. The ex
ample of America must be a special
example and must be an example not
merely of peace because It will not
fight, but because peace is a healing
and elevating influence of the world,
and strife is not.
"There Is such a thing as a man
being too proud to fight. There is such
a thing as a nation being so right that
it does not need to convince others by
force that it Is right."
.No Reference Made to Tragedy.
These remarks precipitated a tumult
of applause and patriotic enthusiasm
emphasized by waving of small Amer
ican flags. The President made no
direct reference to the Lusitania trag
edy, but the audience did not hesitate
to read the application of his state
ment. Introduced by Mayor Blankenburg,
who spoke in distinctly German accent,
a welcome and an appeal for a simple
allegiance to the United States, the
President carried forward the idea of
the welding of foreign blood in the
makeup of America by pointing out the
true goal of right American citizen
ship to be a loyalty not to the coun
try of one's birth, but to the land of
Other Countries Left llehlad.
'"While you bring," ho said, "all
countries with you, you come with a
purpose of leaving all other countries
behind you bringing what is best of
their spirit, but not looking over your
shoulder and seeking to pereptuate what
you intended to leave in them. 1 would
not certainly be one who would suggest
that a man cease to love the place of
his origin. It is one thing to love the
placo where you were born and an
other thing to dedicate yourself to the
place where you go. you can't be an
American if you think of yourself in
groups. America does not consist of
groups. A man who considers him
self as belonging to a national group
is not yet an American. . . .
"My advice to you is to think first
not only of America, but to think first
of humanity, and you do not love hu
manity if you seek to divide humanity
in jealous camps."
Cirent Audience Spellbound.
The President was constantly inter-'
rupted by spontaneous outbursts of
applause. He spoke clearly and so
nuiet was his audience of 15.000 that
lie could be heard distinctly in all
parts of the great hall. Everywhere
the Red, "White and Blue flag and
bunting were displayed and a band
during the evening played patriotic
airs. Some of the passages in his
speech which the crowd applauded
most loudly were these:
"I am sorry for the man who seeks
to make personal capital out of the
passions of his fellow man. He has
lost the touch and ideal of America,
for America was created to unite man
kind by the passions that lilt and
unite and not by the passions that
separate and debase mankind.
"The man who seeks to divide man
from man, group from group, "interest
from interest, In the United States is
striking at Its very heart.
"I was born in America. You dreamed
of what America was to be, and 1
hopo you have brought those dreams
with you. No man who does not seek
visions will ever realize any high
hopes pr undertake any great enter
prise." .Many Precaution Taken.
In his peroration, the President
aroused much enthusiasm when he. said
that he had felt that he ought not to
bo away from Washington and after
roming lie found that the gathering re
newed his "spirit as an American." "In
Washington," he said, "men tell you
so many things every day that are not
no. and I like to come and stand in the
presenco of my fellow citizens and
lii nk out of tho common fountain with
them feeling the sense of their sup
port." There was a tremendous ovation as
the President finished his speech. After
ward he returned to the station and
entered Ills privato car. lie is due to
ll'oucluclcd on Paso 1-, Column 1)
SITUATION GRAVIS. SAYS MASSA
Indignation Over Lusitania Affair
Unequalcd Since Liring on
Port Sumter, Is View.
BOSTON. May 3.0. The sinking of the
Lusitania and the situation which Pres
ident Wilson faces as the result was
the subject of a formal address by
Speaker Channlng II. Cox in the House
of Representatives today.
"Not since Fort Sumter was fired on
has public sentiment in this country
been so inflamed as it is today," he
"Th United States stands face to
face with a grave situation, more
grave, perhaps, than we realize. It is
the hour when men of all faiths and
beliefs should stand as one man behind
President Wilson and testify to- our
confidence in him and to our belief that
he will cause an official inquiry to be
made as to the responsibility for the
slaughter of innocent Americana on the
high seas and that he will perform his
"But as men having influence in this
old commonwealth, may I urge you to
impress on all your fellow men the
danger that may arise from unbridled
speech and for the substitution of pas
sion for reason."
GERMAN MEMBERS OUSTED
Britons at London Stock Exchange
Hustle Away Kaiser's Subjects.
LONDON. May 10. Between 200 and
300 British members of the Stock Ex
change have mobilized to prevent,
forcibly if necessary, the entry of any
Germans who might be brave enough
to attempt to make their way into the
house in disregard of the warning is
sued by the Stock Exchange committee
advising them to remain away.
Excitement ran high around the ex
change and a huge crowd collected in
the vicinity in the expectation of dis
orders. Only a handful of naturalized
Germans appeared in the neighborhood,
however, and they did not attempt to
enter the exchange. They were hustled
away and warned not to return.
ALASKA CLUB-BARS LOSE
Court of Appeals Holds That License
Pecs Must Be Paid.
SAN FRANCISCO, - May 10. Alaska
social clubs maintaining private bars
dispensing alcoholic drinks must pay
a barroom license fee to the United
States, according to a decision handed
down by the United States Circuit Court
of appeals here today.
The suit decided was a friendly test
case brought by one member of the
"Log Cabin Club" of Nome against the
officers of the club.
Judge Erskine Ross, of the Circuit
Court, rendered a dissenting opinion,
holding that such clubs cannot be re
quired to pay license fees for the con
duct of private bars under the terri
torial laws of Alaska.
SINKING DIVIDES CLERGY
Fro-German Ministers Bolt Mcctiug
Denouncing Attack on Liner.
CHICAGO, May 10. Clergymen of
pro-German sympathies bolted the
weekly meeting of the Methodist Epis
copal ministers of Chicago today when
their colleagues refused to postpone
discussion of a resolution condemning
"in unsparing words the inhuman tor
pedoing and un-Chrlstlan sinking of
the steel steamship Lusitania." Half
a. dozen pastors left the room after
fighting in vain to havo the resolution
tabled. The resolution was adopted.
The declaration also expressed "per
fect confidence" in the "sane leader
ship of President Wilsow.'-
BISHOP SCANLAN IS DEAD
Catholic Prelate, Pioneer Mission
ary of West, Passes at Salt Lake.
SALT LAKK CITY, May 7.
Laurence -Scanlan, bishop of the Salt
Lake Uiocese of the Roman Catholic
Church and a pioneer missionary of
the West, died here this afternoon.
He had been ill for a long time.
Bishop Scanlan was born in Tippe
rary, Ireland, September 29, 1S43. He
was at one time the object of a reli
gious boycott by the lawless elements
of rioche, Nev.. that made it difficult
for him to obtain food.
DUTCH GET PAY FOR SHIP
Germany Expresses Regret for Sink
ing of Katwyk.
THE HAGUE via London, May 10.
It is officially announced that the Ger
man government has expressed sincere
regret for the sinking of the Dutch
steamer Katwyk, which was blown up
off North Hinder lightship on April 24
by a German submarine.
Germany explains that the act was
In no wise Intentional and undertakes
to make compensation.
SUBMARINE GIVES WARNING
German Craft Sinks British Ship
After Letting Crew Escape.
LONDON, May 10. The British steam
er Queen Wilhclma of Hartpool was
torpedoed and sunk by a German sub
marine off Blyta on Saturday.
Time was allowed the crew to take
to the beats. The men were picked
up by a patrol boat and landed at
KAISER AND GREW
Jury Fixes Blame for
LINER UNARMED, SAYS MASTER
Vessel Not Under Convoy of
Warships When Attacked.
SHIP BULKHEADS BLOWN IN
Threats Against Cunarder Known,
but Orders Were to Sail, Which
Captain Would Repeat Sym
pathy Given United States.
KINSALE, Ireland, May 10. The ver
dict rendered by the Coroner's jury
which investigated the deaths result
ing from the torpedoing of the Lusi
"We find that the deceased met tleath
from prolonged immersion and exhaus
tion in the sea eight miles eouth
southwest of Old Head, off Kinsale,
Friday, May 7, 1915, owing to the sink
ing of the Lusitania by torpedoes fired
by a German submarine.
Kaincr Accused of 3Iurder.
"We find that this appalling crime
was committed contrary to interna
tional law and the conventions of all
"We also charge the officers of said
submarine and the Emperor and gov
ernment of Germany, under whose or
ders they acted, with the crime of
wholesale murder before the tribunal
of the civilized world.
"We desire to express sincere con
dolences and sympathy with the rela
tives of the deceased, the Cunard Com
pany and the United States, many of
whose citizens perished in this mur
derous attack on an unarmed liner.''
Coroner Horgan said that the first
torpedo fired by the German submarine
did serious damage to the Lusitania, but
that,, not satisfied with this, the Ger
mans had discharged another torpedo.
The second torpedo, he said, must have
been more deadly because it went
right through the ship, hastening the
work of destruction.
All Officer at Post.
The characteristic courage of the Irish
and British people was manifested at
the time of this terrible disaster, the
coroner continued, and there was no
He charges that the responsibility
'lay on the German Government and
the whole people who collaborated in
the terrible crime.
"I propose to ask the jury," he con
tinued, "to return the only verdict
possible for a self-respecting jury, that
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 3.)
............................. ...................... ...... ----T
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS i
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
decrees; minimum, ol degree.
TODAY'S Showers, winds mostly southerly.
American indignation unequaled since Civil
War, says Massachusetts lrfgLelator.
Kaiser, German government and submarine
officers held murderers by British Jury.
Berlin expresses deepest regret at loss of
Itfe on Lusitania, but blames Great Brit
ain. Pag.; 1.
President Wilson indicates America will re
main at peace. Page 1.
Lusitania captain warned, says Admiralty
chief. Page 2.
Germans advance In Belgium; allies gain
near Lille. Page 8.
British repeat historic Greek ruse, at Troy
and succeed inlanding. Page 5.
Victoria la placed under martial law.
Portland and Vicinity.
Captivating "Jane Smith," accused of bad
check passing, caught in Emit. Page S.
Boon Cason announces candidacy for City
Commissioner. Page lli.
Extra cost of metering water estimated at
9lM)0 yearly. Pago 16.
Ben Hur nominee for Festival Queen forges
ahead. Page s.
Mut.- arrange unique musical programme
for Hellig Thursday. Page 16.
Adjutant-General white advices against war
talk at this time. Page 15.
Pittsburg Nationals win sixth consecutive
game by defeating Chicago, 10 to 7.
Portland Motorboat Club plans to form new
association after withdrawing from Pa
cific International. Page 10.
Signing of Kauff la backed by Matty.
Bend chosen for big sawmill by Shevlin-
Hlxon interests. Page 11.
Enlisted man sees need of well-organized
Naval Militia. Page 11.
Floods in South suspend traffic over South
ern pacific. Page 1.
Cost of Wasco road said to have exceeded
9uo3. Page 11.
Commercial and Marine.
Short selling helps decline in local wheat
market. Page 15.
Export trade checks downward movement In
Chicago wheat. Page IS.
Stock decline In' forenoon session followed
by recovery. Page 3 5.
Colonel Potter, who will succeed Colonel
McKInstry. is known here. Par
ROME EXPECTS RUPTURE
Midnight or May 10 Said to Be Lat
est Italy Will Await Answer.
PARIS. May 10. "The government of
Italy today awaits the final report of
Austria," says a Rome dispatch to La
Libert. "In the interim the publica
tion of Important decrees, which were
signed at the last meeting of the Cab
inet, has been withheld.
' T learn from an excellent source that
unless the Austrian answer arrives be
fore midnight tonight or if the reply
is unfavorable, Italy v ill consider the
MAIL LOST WITH LUSITANIA
Case Pirst on Record Where United
States Suffers Thus by War.
WASHINGTON, May 10. The loss of
82 bags of mail on the Lusitania is
said by the Postoffice Department to
be the first ever lost at sea by the
United States as the result of war.
Records for the last 100 years show no
Postoffice officials declined to discuss
to what extent, if any, the loss of the
mail may enter into the international
complications arising cut of the sink
ii.g of the ship.
Blame for Loss of Life
Placed on Britain.
PRESIDENT'S WORD AWAITED
Dutch Minister Says His Na
tion Has Same Problem.
WILSON STILL UNDECIDED
Possibility of Severing Diplomatic
Relations Considered Objection.
Is Humanitarian Work in
War Zone Would Suffer.
WASHINGTON, May 10. While offi
cial Washington waited today for the
word from President Wilson as to what
is to be the policy of the United States
in the crisis resulting from the sink
ing of the Lusitania, Count Bernstorff.
the German Ambassador, called at the
State Department ami expressed to
Secretary Bryan his "deep regret that
the events of the war had led to the
loss of so many lives."
The Ambassador did not comment on
his visit, but Secretary Bryan, saying
only that he, understood the expres
sion to have come from Count Bern
storff personally, gave out the follow
ing by agreement:
"The German Ambassador called at
the State Department and expressed
his deep regret that the events of the
war had led to the loss of so many
Hrrlin Iliprrwes Sympathy.
Later press dispatches from Berlin
announced that the foreifn office had
cabled to the Embassy a note to be
presented to the State Department,
expressing "deepest sympathy with the
loss of lives on board the Lusitania,"
but placing the responsibility on the
British government's "plan of starving
the civilian population of Germany."
This note, which probably is In re
sponse to Ambassador Gerard's request
for a statement of the German govern
ment's attitude, had not reached the
Embassy tonight, and it was said it
might be delayed for days, as nothing
is being received by wireless. Dis
patches giving the text of the note
were heard by Secretary Bryan and
at the Embassy without comment. It
is known, however, that the statement
of the German position is Just what
had been looked for in official cir
cles. Britain and France Sympathize.
The British and French Ambassadors
were at the State Department late in
the day to express to Mr. Bryan their
"horror and sympathy" over the de
struction of the Lusitania with its load
of neutrals and noncombatants. Both
' onclutlrtl on Pf
Mondays War Moves
THE sinking of the Cunard line
steamer Lusitania. by a German
submarine and the situation which has
arisen by reason of this art continue
the chief subjects of i, i war In the
Interests of Americo
Germany hn "jessed regret to the
United StAv1'ior the loss of Ameri
u the disaster, but it is de-
cP- that Great Britain, by reason of
"starvation" practices against the
German civilian population and because
her merchantmen are armed and carry
contraband of war Is responsible foi
the sending of the liner to the bottom.
A Coroner's inquest at Kinsale has
rendered a verdict finding that the de
struction of the liner was contrary tj
international law and the conventions
of all the civilized nations and charg
ing all officers of the submarine and
the Emperor and government of Ger
many, under whose orders they acted,
with the crime of wholesale murder
"before the tribunal of the civilized
The Washington Government, so far
as is known, has not yet decided upon
the specific representations it will
make to Germany concerning the loss
of American lives in the disaster. Presi
dent Wilson, by inference, in a speech
at Philadelphia, told a gathering of
naturalized Americans that, while the
United States would remain at peace,
an endeavor would be made to show
Germany, from the American view
point, that her action was wrong.
In the land campaign in France and
Belgium there are Intimations of a
strong movement of the allies against
the Germans with heavy reinforce
ments. The French War Office reports
the capture of many prisoners and
guns during the last two days, and
German headquarters admit that in the
neighborhood of Carency the allies
have succeeded in occupying the fore
most German trenches. The attacks
and counter-attacks are continuous and
the losses on both sides are heavy.
The British line, notwithstanding a
strenuous week, remains the same to
the east of Ypres as it was on the night
of May 3-4, when the British troops
were obliged to draw back a little.
In the Carpathians the Germans are
reported to be making preparations for
a further movement against the Rus
sians in their new positions, while In
the Baltic provinces the Russians have
succeeded In Inflicting losses on their
adversaries near Mitau.
While advices indicate that Italy is
ready to take decisive action, and that
the time limit fixed for Austria's reply
to the Italian demands has Just about
expired, no word has come of a break
between the Austrian and Italian gov
ernments. The final movements of
both countries are being carried out
13 FINED FOR SPEEDING
One Penalty Remitted When .Speed
ometer Pound Faulty.
Municipal Judge Stevenson fined 13
speeders, who were arrestad Saturday
and Sunday by Motorcycle Patrolmen
Krvln, Coulter and Bales. The fines
were as follows:
IT. Hochuli. 20; W. H. Wallingford.
20; J. Macklin.20; Joe Victor, Yi);
Julius Totnance, 20; W. Van Horn.
125; II. A. Knight. .t0; C. C. Saylor.
J33; H. J. Anderson, 30; Martin Shoe
mller. $25; J. Garley. $25; C. H. Kruse,
23, and S. Snell. 2J. When it was
shown by official test that his
speedometer was running slow, the fine
of C. H. Kruse was remitted.
TEXAS RESOLUTIONS ARE IN
One Proposes Severing of Diplomatic
Relations With Germany.
AUSTIN. Tex., May 10. fcix resolu
tions today were Introduced in the
Texas Legislature on the Lusitania, one
Senate resolution suggesting the sever
ance of diplomatic relations with Ger
many. The others simply express con
fidence in President Wilson.
The Senate, in which five resolutions
were introduced, including that for
diplomatic severance, compromised by
adopting a resolution pledging support
to President Wilson "In any course he
sees fit to take to uphold the dignity
and honor of the United States."
FALSE RUMORS STIR PIT
Report or President's Assassination
T"ol lowed by Break in Trices.
CHICAGO. May 10. President C. H.
Canby, of the Chicago Board of Trade,
posted a notice today saying the of
ficers of the Board would "hold to
strict accountability any member found
guilty of originating or disseminating
The notice was inspired by rumors,
first spread among brokers, that Pres
ident Wilson had been assassinated.
The rumor, while promptly denied, ac
celerated a decline in the wheat mar
ket. AMERICANS QUIT GERMANY
Business Men Go to Switzerland to
GENEVA, Switzerland. May 10. A
news dispatch received here from Basel
says many American citizens, mostly
business men, are arriving there from
They will await developments in the
relations between the United states
lYohiinn's Body to Be Sent Home.
LONDON, May 10. The body of
Charles Frohman will be taken to the
United States by the steamship New
York, which sails from Liverpool Saturday.
FLOODS STOP RAIL
TRAFFIC Ifl SOUTH
Second Storm Sweeps
Away More Track.
SACRAMENTO IS RISING FAST
Southern Pacific Trains Are
Now at Standstill.
UPPER STORIES AWASH
Communication Between Portland
and San IYhiicImo Cannot He
Restored Today, orricials
Pind on Inspection.
REDDING, Cal., May 10. A fprond
storm swept down upon the L'pper
Sacramento Valley this afternoon Hnd
added to the devastation caused by the
cloudburst of last night. The S.icra
mento River Is reported to bo rising
at the rate of a foot an hour at Kennctt,
where It was 22 feet early tonight.
Part of the town of Kennctt Is flood
ed and the water has reached the scc
oiid floor of some of the residences.
Their occupants are said to have left
for places of safety. The flood is re
ported to have reached a menacing
stuKe at Keswick and Coram. CItl.ens
of Kennctt an Coram are reported to
be without a supply of drinking water,
as the flood swept away the flumes
feeding the water mains.
A total of H.t I inches of rain, has
fallen at Kennett in the last 2 1 hours,
and It is still raining there tonight.
Many washouts on the Southern
Pacific between Kennctt and Moi
tion were reported. In one place
it was reported the track was
shoved off the mountain In stretches
of 100 feet nearly to tho water' edge.
Keswick and Coram also were In tho
center of this afternoon's storm. The
water Is reported to be running
through the depot at Keswick.
Railroad officials reported tonight
there Is no hopo of opening through,
traffic between Portland and San Fran
cisco tomorrow. Mails are being routed
by way of Ogden. It is said it will be
several days before repairs are matie.
Reports of additional damage caused
by washouts as a result of yesterday's
cloudburst were received today. The
Southern Pacific tunnel a mile north of
Kennet caved In and tho treble at Mo
tion Is out. The Kennel smelter was
TRAINS TO PORTLAND HETOlll
LVjulpnicnt , Here Goes South to
Assist in Repair Work.
Train service on the Southern Tscific
between Portland and JSatt Francisco
will be suspended while crew s aro re
pairing damage to tho tracks resulting
from a cloudburst near Coram, Cal.. 50
miles south of Dunsmuir. Sunday night.
Company officials said trackage had
been washed out for 12 miles.
West of Portland, debris 20 feet deep,
covered the O.-W. It. A: N. tracks when
a powder crew yesterday discharscd
dynamite wells to loosen a crag at
Mitchell Point, near Hood River. Pas
sengers were transferred around the
debris while tho track Is being cleared.
Passenger trains are being detoured
over the O.-W. R. N. and Oregon
Short Line between Portland and San
Francisco via Huntington. Ogden and
Although the entire coast between
Portland and Northern California was
visited by a severe atorm Sunday n'ght.
serious damage to tho tracks seems to
have been entirely local in character.
No part of the line other than that at
Coram, Kennet and Motion Mi af
fected. At Motion, Cal., a pice of track 50
feet long and 20 feet deep was washed
away. A big culvert near Coram was
washed away. At Kennet tho track 1a
covered with mud from one to two feet
deep. A tooihouso at the same place
has been washed away. A freight train
standing on the track at Kennet warn
locked In Its place by a wealth of earth
and other debris washed down from a
A deep cut one mile east of Coram
was filled to a depth of five or six
feet with earth deposited there by a
slide. At another point east of Coram
a section of track 200 feet long wa.-
washed out to a depth of "10 feet.
All the equipment on the Portland
division has been sent south to aid in
the repair work. A larnc force of men
also has been pressed Into tervice.
J. AN. Metealf, superintendent of thu
Shasta division, has charge of the
Through freight traffic is at a stand
still pending completion of the repaira.
All through passenger services wilt be
handled through Oitdfn. Produce ship
ments and other perishable commodi
ties as well as express and mail also
are being carried over that route.
BLAST OVF.KS RAILS 20 lli-LT
Charge for Cm on Highway Blows
l jtrlli on Track, Stops Trains.
HOOD RIVER, "r.. May 10. (Spe
cial.) When a powrfer crew of the
Standlfer-Clarl'.son Company exploded
heavy charges of dynamite to blow
away an overhanging crag at Mitchell
Point, west of Hie city, wln-ro a tunnel
for the Columbia Highway is being
bored, the tracks of the O.-W. R. .t N.
Company, directly at tho fo.tof the
precipice, were rvuried beneath 20 feet
of debris. The blasts were touched oft
at noon. Just after tho Oregon-Wasli-inst.n
Limited of the O.-W. IX. ft. N.
Company had pasted the point.