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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1915)
VOL. LV.-NO. lG,99.i.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 12, 1913.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
WILSON TO ACT
Cabinet Approves Draft of
Demand on Germany.
. SERIES WILL BE TAKEN UP
Falaba, Cushing, Gulflight and
Lusitania Grouped in Ask
INTENSE FEELING VOICED
Position Taken That Warning
of Attacks Does Not Make
WASHINGTON, May 11. Presi
dent Wilson practically had decided
tonight on the first step in the policy
which the United States Government
will pursue as a result of the sinking
of the British liner Lusitania with the
loss of more than a hundred American
The President will act promptly
within another day or two. A draft
of a communication to be sent to
Germany was submitted to the Cabi
net today and approved unanimously:
Explanation of Series Demanded.
While no official announcement was
made, it was learned that the United
States would present and insist upon
an explanation of the series of in
cidents which have occurred since the
proclamation of a war zone around
the British Isles the sinking of the
Falaba, causing the death of Leon C.
Thresher, . an American citizen; the
attack by German airmen on the
American steamer Cushing, the tor
pedoing of the American steamer
Gulflight, and, finally, the destruction
without warning of the Lusitania with
a toll of more than a thousand lives.
In what are described by those fa
miliar with the document as firm and
unmistakable terms, the President
voices the intense feeling of the
United States over these happenings,
and in the name of international law
demands an adherence by Germany
to the established rnles of' maritime
Guarantee to Be Asked For.
The note asks that some assurance
or guarantee be given hereafter that
unarmed merchant vessels carrying
non - combatants be visited and
searched when encountered on the
high seas by the German navy and
passengers and crew transferred to
a place of 6afety before any prize is
The President points out, it is un
derstood, that the United States in
its note which said Germany would
be held to "strict accountability" for
any attacks on American vessels or
lives had not admitted any right on
the part of Germany to carry on such
methods of warfare and declares,
moreover, that the giving of official
notice of an intention to commit an
unjustifiable act did not justify the
act or make it lawful.
Future- Course Not Predicted.
What will follow in event of a re
fusal by Germany to comply with
the wishes of the note to be sent, no
oneof the President's official family
would predict. They said the Presi
dent was determined to act firmly
and deal with each situation as it
arose. It was pointed out, too, that
in his speech in Philadelphia, in ref
erence to peace, Mr. Wilson was ex
pressing merely an ideal that he
wished America could and would fol
low. ' Persons familiar with the Presi
dent's point of view indicated, how
ever, that he was by no means unpre
pared for or unaware of the possible
eventualities of the present crisis and
knew that circumstances and events
over which the United States might
have no control might demand vig.
The circular from the German gov
ernment to neutral countries, assum
ing responsibility and promising rep
Concluded oa Fa go
Column 4 J.
CHANGE OF WIXD, HOWKVEll,
SAVES ALASKAN TOWN.
Several Ilesidenccs and Much Hull
ing Stock of Alaska North,
crn Gone; Loss $100,000. .
SEWARD, Alaska. May 11. The
roundhouse, machine shops, car shops
and half the rolling tstock of the Alaska
Northern Railway, as well as several
residences were destroyed by the fire
which started yesterday in the timber
on the Poland homestead and was
blown toward Seward by a strong north
The total loss tonight was estimated
The wind died down early tonight
and all danger of further damage is
over, but patrols will watch the burned
The fire still is burning in tinrber on
the Brownell . homestead above and to
the west of the town, and in the
stamps and brush north of Lowell
Creek on the Government railroad ter
minal tract, where it probably will
burn several days.
Before the wind shirted It appeared
almost certain that the entire town
would be destroyed. Mayor Meyers and
Fire Chief Horner called upon all the
men in town to aid the firefighters. A
stand was made at Lowell Creek, where
the fire's advance toward the main
part of town was stopped.
The fire swept across the reservoir
supplying the Seward, water system
but did not interfere with the water
supply. Every barrel and tub In town
was commandeered to supply water to
firefighters working in places out of
reach of the city water mains. The
steamer Corwin, which stopped here en
route from Seattle to Nome and which
resumed her voyage early this morn
ing, was called back fey wireless and
all the pasengers and'erew put to work
fighting the fire.
When it seemed likely that the entire
town would bo destroyed all the women
and children were sent to the head of
the bay or put aboard the steamer
Santa Ana for safety.'
1000-BED HOSPITAL IS PLAN
Western Doctors and Miners Going
to War to Care tor British.
WENATCHEE, Wash., May 11 (Spe
cial.) Dr. Thomas H. Grosvenor is
considering entering the English hos
pital service either in England or on
the field. On Saturday he received a
telegiam from Dr. J. M. Neff, of Spo
kane, who, in company with Dr. J. B.
JIurphy, one of the big surgeons of
tho world, is organizing a hospital unit
of 32 doctors for service with the Brit
The plan is to have a 1000-bed hos
pital. They will arrange for a com
plete hospital staff which will go from
Chicago, including 75 nurses and 32
doctors, in June, and they are guar
anteed free transportation from and to
New York. The physicians receive the
same salary as British officers of equal
rank, about ?S a day and maintenance.
Dr. Neff urges Dr. Grosvenor to go and
the offer will be accepted if Dr. Gros
venor can arrange to take his wife and
baby with him.
GERMANS GIVE RUSSIAN AID
Two Citizens of Teuton Descent Help
Man Get His Final Papers.
MM1NNVILLE. Or., May 11. (Spe
cial.) Nine applicants for citizenship
were passed upon today, the first day
of the May term of Circuit Court for
this county. Judge H. H. Belt, of Dal
Tho nationalities represented were
four Danes, three Germans and one
Russian and one English. The Russian
had for his witnesses two citizens of
Those receiving their final papers
today are: John G. Weber. Albert Du
now, Henry Pelzer. Herbert Chegwyn,
Adam Bauer, Eskiel Hansen, James C.
Johnson, Christ Hanson and N. P. Pe
tersen, the last four being residents of
FLOATING COURT SAILS
Officers to Handle Cases Arising in
SEATTLE, Wash-, May 11 The coast
guard cutter Bear sailed tonight for
Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean, car
rying mail for Nome and Point Barrow.
She also takes Government supplies for
the stations in Bering Sea and the Arc
tic, north of Nome.
Before leaving Nome J. J. Hutson,
second litutenant of the cutter, will be
sworn in as United States commission
er by the Federal Court Lieutenant
R. L. Lucas will take oath as mar
shal. They will hold court at the places
where the boat stops, administering
justice in minor criminal cases and in
more important ones binding the de
fendants over to the regular court at
MR. LISTER WILL PREACH
Governor Will Occupy Pnlpit of
Olympia church Peace Day.
OLYMPIA, Wish. May 11. (Special.)
Governor Lister has accepted an in
vitation to occupy the pulpit of the
Olympia Congregational Church next
Sunday, "Peace day."
In reply to an inquiry from a New
York newspaper yesterday Governor
Lister said that u large navy, such as
the newspaper is championing, could
not be built up in sufficient time to
render immediate service. He ejt'
pressed the belief the present war like
ly will so Impress the world that it
will be the last.
War Is Imminent.
STATESMAN" URGES PEACE
Plea Made to Maintain Bar
rier Against Slavs.
FORMER ALLIANCE CITED
Pacificist, in Final Effort to
Avert War, Argues Nation Should
'ot Play Into Hands or Am
ON THE ITALIAN FRONTIER, via
Paris, May 11. The opinion prevails in
Rome that Italy's participation in the
war is only a question of days.
Nevertheless there is still in Italy a
party which hopes in the possibility
of the country remaining neutral. With
the idea of presenting correctly the
views of this party. Its leader, one of
the most influential statesmen of mod
ern Italy, has been interviewed. This
statesman lives near the frontier. He
declined to permit his identity to be
divulged for fear his words would be
misunderstood as an. endeavor to
create obstacles for the Italian Cab
inet, ."and this Cabinet." he said, "must
be supported by all Italians, even if it
Plea Made for Treaty.
Continuing, the leader of this party
"Italy, so far as possible, must re
main faithful to her treaty with the
central empires. They allowed her to
remain neutral, but not to pass to the
'Whatever examples may be brought
forward of the violation of interna
tional agreements, it is neither noble
nor honorable for any country to com
mit such violation without very grave
"In the present situation Italy would
not have a. sufficient motive to cast
off her ancient allies if Austria would
consent to cede to her territory inhab
ited by Italians.
Feee City of Trieste Suggested.
"If Trieste were organized into a free
city, administered by her Italian citi
zens and protected against any possible
attempt on her nationality, Italy might
be satisfied to receive the remainder of
Italian territory now under Austrian
administration, leaving 'at the same
time Trieste to the central empires as
an Italian commercial port."
"Once the reason of the antagonism
between Italy and Austria is removed,
the elimination of Austria would be of
no advantage to Italy. For if Austria
Hungary disappeared, Italy would then
be in contact with the Slav world,
which is more powerful and more to
(Concluded on Page 2. Column
little) SX (( ' '
ifx nit r
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
..um tempt rature, 64
m. 50.6 degreea.
inesday shower, southwest-
O " War.
Allies continue advance against Turk.
Russians are also retreating In South Poland.
Italian neutrals making final effort to avert
war. Page 1- . '
Anti-Oerman riota In London may lead to
internment of all Germans. Page 0.
Attack with asphyxiating a-aees repulsed by
British on western line. Page
LJnd on Butes and Herbert Stone, Americans,
Five their lifebelts to v.'onien and die
Officer of Gulflight says American flag
in plain eight. Page 1.
British Admiralty denies atory Xrom German
sources that British ships engaged in
battle with each other in Korth Sea.
Wilson to demand explanation from Germany
of group of submarine warfare incidents.
Sons of Itevru tlon ex press f ai th In Nary p
if called on to defend American honor.
Colonel Roosevelt says Lusitania Incident
calls for vigorous action. Page 4.
Pacific Cdast League Tesulta: rortland
Oakland game postponed. rain; bait
Lake G, Los Angelea 1; ban .Francisco 3,
Venice 0. Page 14.
Rip Hagerman pitches three-hit victory for
Cleveland against Yanks. Page 15.
Rodgors will bo Beaver captain; Murphy
goes to Aberdeen. Page 14.
Tennis school to be opened at Multnomah
Club tonight. Page 14.
State Grange opens session at Tillamook.
State Industrial clubs to exchange products
with those of other states. Page S.
Disastrous fire hits Seward, Alaska. Page 1.
Commercial sod Marine,
Local wheat prices bid ur sharply. Page It).
Crop damage reports cause wheat selling
at Chicago. Page 1Ul
Stock market recovers much of ground re
cently lost. Page 19.
M. H. Houser, first Portland exporter to fix
positively new-crop grain ship, taking
Andre Theodore. Page 16w
Portland and Vicinity.
J. A. Farrell, president of Steel Corpora
tion, optimistic as to business outlook.
Congress of Mothers will open Its convention
tonight. Page 6.
Cost of meters to fall on water users re
gardless of plan of financing. Page lti.
Bruce Granville and C. P. Mack, believed to
be fetation A robbers, face lung terms.
Hearing begun In VJO.OOn suit against milk
man, charged with stealing affections of
patron's wife. Page 8.
Miss Beatrice Lash leads in race for queen
when votes finally counted Page -0.
Weather report, data, and forecast. Page It.
BODY REPORTED FOUND
Rumor in Ireland Investigated by
QUKENSTOTVN, May 12 There is a
persistent rumor current here that Al
fred Gwynne Vanderbilt's body has
been recovered on the Irish coat. Webb
Wade, Mr. Vanderbilt's secretary. Is in
vestigating. LONDON. May 12. The Daily Mail
asserts that the body of Alfred Gwynnu
Vanderbilt has been found and is be
ing taken into Queenstown.
CRUISER GOEBEN BATTLES
Russian Klect Reports Defeat of
German Vessel in Black Sea.
PETROGRAD, May 11. An official
communication issued tonight says:
"On the 10th our Black Sea fleet,
after bombarding the forts of the
Bosphorus, exchanged fire with the
cruiser Goebcn, which, being struck
by many projectiles, made off rapidly."
WHO SAID WAR?
FUG ON GULFLIGHT
PLAINLY Ifl SIGHT
Officer Says Ensign
Fluttered in Breeze.
SUBMARINE THOUGHT BRITON
No Attention Paid to Craft by
BRITISH PATROLS NEAR BY
American Steamer Subsequently Is
Towed Into Port; Captain Dies
Suddenly Following Day on
Board Rescuing Vessel.
WASHINGTON, May 11. The State
Department late today made public a
sworn statement by Ralph K. Smith, ex
chief officer of the American steamer
Gulflight, now her captain, describing
the torpedoing of that vessel May 1
off the Scilly Islands. When torpe
doed, the officer says, the Gulflight
was flying a large American ensign.
six by 10 feet in size. He said he saw
the submarine, but "could not distin
guish or see any flag flying on her."
Chief Officer Smith further says that
shortly before the submarine was
sighted two British patrol boats, the
Iago and Filey, took positions on
either side of the Gulflight and ordered
her to follow them to the Bishop Light
house. Flas Standing Out In Breeze.
"I personally observed our flag was
standing out well In the breeze," the
Tho text of "Captain Smith's state
"May 11, 1915. I am Ralph E. Smith,
now master of the steamship Gulflight.
At the commencement of the voyage I
was chief officer. The ship left Port
Arthur on April 10, 1915, about 4 P. M.,
laden with a tank cargo of gasoline
and wooden barrels of lubricating oil.
The voyage was uneventful. When
about half way across the. Atlantic the
wireless operator told me there was a
British cruiser in our vicinity and that
he had heard messages from this ship
the whole time since leaving Port Ar
thur, but she made no direct commu
nication with or to our ship. from
the sound of the wireless messages
given out by the British ship, she
seemed to maintain the same distance
from us until about three days before
we reached the mouth of the English
British Patrol Vessels Spokea.
"On may 1, about 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, we spoke two British patrol
vessels named Iago and Filey. We
were . then about .22 miles ' west
of the Bishop lighthouse. The pa
trol vessels asked where we were
bound. After informing them we were
bound for Rouen, they ordered us to
follow them to pie Bishop. The Filey
(Concluded on Pace 2, Column 1.)
Tuesdays War Moves
WITH two of the greatest battles of
the war in progress one be
tween Arras and the Belgian coast
and tho other in Western Galicia to
say nothing of the operations in the
Dardanelles and lesser engagements
along the eastern and western fronts,
the armies of the belligerents are now
The battle in Northern France and
Flanders might be divided into three
section. From the coast to Ijixmude
the. Belgians, supported by French ma
rines, have taken the offensive and,
besides repulsing German counter at
tacks, have gained a footing on the
right bank of the Yser Canal. Around
Ypres, particularly to the east of that
town, the Germans continue to attack
the British lines and are again using
gas and a tremendous amount of artil
lery; but. according to the British ver
sion, without making any impression.
Farther to the south, as far as Arras,
the French continue their offensive and
have made very material progress, cap
turing a number of Germans, with guns
and machine guns.
The greatest importance is attached
to the French operations, as tbey
threaten the German lines of commu
nication for the armies on the Oise
and the Aisne. The result of this bat
tle, which doubtless will not be decided
for days, is awaited with deep interest.
According to the French report, the
Germans, their railway lines having
been damaged by allied airmen, have
brought up reinforcements by motor
cars. These have been met by the con
centrated force of the French artillery.
In fact, the artillery is becoming more
and more the determining factor in the
Around Ypres, tho Germans, berore
launching their attacks, which have
been delivered on successive days, set
up a large number of heavy and light
guns, subjecting the British to a bom
bardment such as they themselves re
ceived at Nuevo Chapel le. Officers and
men who have escaped from it say
that the trenches were utterly de
stroyed and the ground churned up by
Nevertheless, the British found some
kind of shelter, and when the German
Infantry tried to advance they were
mowed down. There are no signs,
however, of the German attacks slack
ening. The Germans are reported to bo
concentrating more levies iu Belgium,
ready to take the place of or give sup
port to those now on the firing line.
Indeed, many believe that the biggest
effort yet undertaken to reach the
French coast ports is now under way.
The Russians are making desperate
efforts to stop the Austro-German on
rush in Western Galicia and are fight
ing stubborn rearguard actions in an
endeavor to hold the Germanic allies
until reinforcements can come up.
JDespite the serious reverses they
have suffered in the western part of
the province, tho Russians continue
their attacks in Eastern Galicia and
along the eastern sector of the Car
pathians. At the other end of the line in the
Baltic provinces the Russians appar
ently have brought up a force suffi
ciently strong to drive back the Ger
man raiders who were threatening
Mitau. Seemingly they are leaving the
Germans in undisputed possession for
the present of Libau.
The opinion prevails In Kome that
Italy's entry into the war is the ques
tion of days, while along the border
the universal feeling la that It is a
matter of hours. The peace party,
however, contends that the country will
remain neutral. Ex-Premier Giolittl.
one of the chief exponents of the policy
of peace, it is reported will enter the
Italian Cabinet, taking a post without
Anti-German feeling, engendered by
the sinking of the Lusitania, has caused
riots in Liverpool, Manchester, Salford
Property of Germans In all these
places has either been burned, looted
or damaged. In Liverpool all unnatur
alized Germans have been interned and
naturalised suspects of Great Britain
of Germanic birth have been advised
to leave the city. The question of the
Internment of enemy subjects has been
brought up In the House of Commons
and the Cabinet will discuss the ques
tion. A German aeroplane has dropped
bombs on St. Denis. France,' wounding
several persons and damaging several
TURKS SINK SUBMARINE
Crew Captured Trying to Enter
Marmora, Admiralty Hears.
LONDON, May 11. The Admiralty
tonight issued the following state
ment: "A Turkish official communication,
coming by way of Berlin and Amster
dam, says the Australian submarine
AE-2 has been sunk oy Turkish war
ships while trying to enter the Sea. of
Marmora and that the crew of three
officers and 29 men were taken pris
oners. "No confirmation of this report so
far has been received at the Admi
ralty." CANADA INTERNS GERMANS
Steamer Prince George Collects 182
to Be Sent to Camp.
VANCOUVER. B. C. May ' 11 The
Grand Trunk Pacific steamship Prince
George tonight brought 182 German and
Austrian prisoners of war who wera im
mediately transferred to a waiting train
and taken to Vernon for Interment in
the detention camp there.
These men had been collected from
Prince George and up-country points
along tho Grand Trunk Pacific line.
STEEL CHIEF HERE;
TRADE MESSAGE JOY
J. A. Farrell Shows Busi
ness Is Improving.
IRON AND STEEL TAKE JUMP
Dollar Predicted Basis of Com
merce of World.
FOREIGN DEMAND TO GROW
American Manufacturers to Control
Eventually All 3Iarke(s; Profit
Sharing Called Necessary.
Trout bt reams Lure.
4 SlfiXIKICAKT tTTEIlACr,S BV
J JAMKS A. FARIIKI.U HEAD
OK I'.MTKD STATES STI3i:l
f The teel business has in-
I creased more than 100 per cent
I since January 1.
I The American dollar is destined
I to become the trade standard of
J American manufacturers event-
ually will control the world's
f principal markets.
I Tremendous expansion of trude
I will follow the close of the war.
The profit-sharing arrange-
! ments. industrial accident relief,
personal welfare work, pensions
and co-operation arc accepted as
the standard attitude of modern
t employers toward employes.
I These humanitarian methods are
f necessary for present-day indus
I trial success.
I ' Oregon trout streams are so
i alluring that I'm going to take
! a day off to try my luck, al
though I never fid tied for trout
Business in iron, steel and allied
trades has increased more than 100
per cent since tho flret of the year
and Is continuing to increase.
Thia la the cheerful mes:-a;re brought
to Portland yesterday by James A. Far
rell, president of the United States Steel
Mr. Farrell was in Portland on a com
bination business and pleasure visit, lie
disposed of most of his buslncws yes
terday and is prepared to tackle the
Armed with a brand-new rod and
reel, a wad of stout leaders, h rein
forced line and an ample supply of
spoons, hooks and flies, he departed
last night for the Deschutes river. Ho
was the guest of Thomas D. Honey
man and was accompanied by a few
friends, and the party was under the
guidance of Curtis G. Sutherland, of
the O.-W. R. &. N. Company, than wliunt
no one Is better informed on the
habit of the trout that don't want to
"I never fished for trout In my iifc,"
confessed Mr. Farrell last night, "and
If I catch anything on this trip 1 11
be tempted to come to Oregon to try
my luck again."
Preparations Made far Oatlna.
"I'll bet ho catches some if thero
are any fUsh to be caught," Insisted Mr.
Preliminary to the fishing expedition
Mr. Farrell had to be measured for an
outing shirt, a khaki suit and a pair
of high-topped boots. This procets
served to reveal the caliber of the man.
He is tall, broad-shouldered and raw
boned, but his outward appearance does
not betray his real size. Ho is 48 Inches
around the chest and 42 around tho
waist. Every Inch of him is bone and
muscle. There Is no surplus welpht
about him. He is constantly in fit con
dition, physically. And a man In bis
position has to be
For, besides being head of one of
America's most gigantic Industrial con
cerns, he is active in many other par
ticulars. The United States Steel corporation
Is probably the foremost present-day
example, of "the new order" in the at
titude of the large employer towards
Knaployrs' Welfare Promoted.
It maintains successfully a profit
sharing system with Its employes, a
pension system, an accident relief fund,
a sick benefit system and an employes"
welfare system. The eljht-hour day
long has been iri effect among the com
pany's skilled men.
While all these progressive depar
tures were Inaugurated prior to Mr.
Farrell's incumbency as president, ho
is in hearty sympathy with them and
declares them as essential to the suc
cess of the company's extensive busi
ness as is its accounting system or
its sales force.
"It Is the modern way of dentins
with the employe." he said. "It Is tho
accepted way by all modern corpora
tions. The employe is entitled to an
opportunity of sharing In the profits
of the employer and the employer is in
duty bound to take an interest in the
welfare of the employe."
latrrest txtends to Homes.
The welfare work of the steel com
pany goes so far as extending sanitary
regulations to the homes of its work -inermen
and providing proper housing
. Concluded on lJay 15, Column i.j