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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAJf, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2.1. 1014.
FRENCH SHY THEIR
Official Publication .Declares
Germany's Original Plan
, Has Met 'With Failure.
ALLIES ARE ENCOURAGED
U nes of Battle in September and at
l'resent Compared and Asser
tion Made That Gains Are
of Permanent Value.
PARIS. Nov. 24. The Bulletin
des Armees. in its issue of Novem
ber 25, will publish a summary of
the nylitary operations of the last six
weeks. This article was given out offi
cially for publication in Paris this aft
ernoon and is as follows:
"With the fresh success of the allies
in the battle of Flanders, the moment
has come to recite the accomplishments
of the last sis weeks. These may be
summed up as follows:
"The formidable effort undertaken by
the Germans during this time, first to
turn our left wing, and. second, to pen
etrate it, has resulted in failure. By
this effort the enemy was endeavoring
to-make good his defeat on the Marne;
instead he only added another check to
the one he suffered in September. Nev
ertheless, in order to flank us in ac
cordance with its recognized method,
the German General Staff neglected
nothing along that portion of the front
extending from the iRiver Lys to the
eea. It massed, between the beginning
of October and the beginning of No
vember, four corps of cavalry and two
armies, comprising in all 15 army corps.
German Attacks Resisted.
"About October 20 our front was out
lined as follows: From Nieuport to
iJixmude, one of our divisions of in
fantry and. our marines held the rail
road line, wlille the Belgian army was
reorganizing itself in the rear; to the
south of JJixmude we were installed
along the canal, and from here our
line extended to the east, making in
front of Ypres a vast semi-circle held
by four corps of the French army and
one corps of the English army. The
line then dropped to a point to the
couth of Messines and Armentieres.
forming two segments, the first held
by the remainder of the British army
and the second by ourselves.
"The German attack was an effort
first to occupy Dunkirk and reach
Calais or Boulogne. They tried to
flank us. and to cut the direct commu
nications of the British with the sea
coast. All the heavy artillery of the
enemy brought from Antwerp was
there, ready to be used again.
"Beginning November 5. the attacks
were repulsed. From the railroad we
inarched toward the Yser. rolling up
the enemy, arho had succeeded In cross
ing tc 'the left bank of the stream, and
drowning his rear guards in the
floods One can still see. near Rams
cappelle, German cannon half buried in
the mud and the corpses of German sol
diers half submerged.
Flanking Movement Frustrated.
"Then the enemy, finding it impossi
ble to get around our flank, endeav
ored to cut through. This was the bat
tle of Ypres. en engagement desperata,
ferocious, relentless and unsuccessful.
"For close onto three weeks we stood
up against repeated frantic assaults.
Uvery one of them was repulsed. On
October 30, the British had been obliged
to withdraw several hundred yards
before a powerful onslaught of the
enemy. Onr troops attacking in con
junction and at the same time with our
allies, were successful in re-establishing
the impassable barrier which closed
the approaches to Ypres. That which j
was done here by our army corps,
working in close harmony with the
English corps, is worthy of a place in
the finest records of military history.
"On November 12 the enemy had suc
ceeded at a point north of Ypres in
crossing the canal. By November 13
lie had been driven back. Also on the
12th the enemy succeeded in occupying
u certain territory in the region to the
south of Ypres. but this territory was
recaptured from him. On November 15
the attacks of the enemy were less in
tense and our position -became impreg
nable. German Lonnri Estimated.
"Losses of the Germans have been
considerable. They undoubtedly exceed
120,000 men. In certain trenches 120
meters long there have been found more
than 2000 corpses. This in spite of the
fact that we know that the Germans,
whenever it is possible for them to do
so, remove their dead froh the field of
"It was an all indication of the im
portance of our success. The greatness
f the result obtained by us becomes
particularly significant and striking if
one will realize that the Germans them
selves always regarded the breaking of
our line at Ypres as most important.
In checking their offensive movement
we indicted upon them a most humiliat
"We furthermore have obtained re
mits the importance of which should
be set forth. They are: The Belgian
army having been driven from its own'
land. Emperor William was not only on
the point of realizing his project to
proclaim at Ypres the annexation of
this courageous nation, but he was also
on the point of glorying in the annihi
lation of at least one of his adver
saries. This double satisfaction was
refused him. If Dunkirk, Calais and
Boulogne had been taken. Great Brit
ain would have been hampered in com
munication with her army on the Con
tinent. Finally, France, in maintaining
impassable the front of her armies from
the sea to Arras, adopted the best and
most efficacious guarantee against a
return to an offensive movement of the
enemy on Paris.
Continuous Progress Asserted.
"The foregoing is an outline of our
successes. To present them more defi
nitely It might be well to throw on the
screen a comparison of the fronts occu
pied by our left and by the right in the
. beginning of September, and then in
the middle of November. The result
obtained is this: We have to our credit
not a series of momentary successes,
but a continuous progress which has
made vain the persistent and uninter
rupted effort of the enemy. After our
viictory on the Marne had, in the mid
dle of September, , obliged the German
army to undertake a precipiate retreat,
the enemy endeavored at once to win
back its advantage, and always by try
ing to turn our left wipg. At no point
were the Germans successful.
"During this time, on the contrary,
"we succeeded in extending our left as
far as Belgium, and even as far as the
sea. We then maintained our line im
pregnable in its new positions. The
successes In Flanders, In which the
French troops supported the principal
burden, are thus seen to be a continu
ation of the victory of the Marne. The
irlory i of this success is due to our
leaders and to our soldiers.
"As for our troops, they have ac
quired certain qualities which the
troops lacked at the beginning of .the
rapid defensive organization.
"However satisfactory these . evi-
CAMPAIGN HAS WON
dences of success may be to us, they
do not by any means exhaust our other
reasons for confidence. Along with
the progress of our arms there snould
be observed the progress of the Rus
sian armies, which has been becoming
more noticeable since November 3. At
the doors of Cracow and of Kallsz our
allies are now making their weight felt
in the scale of opposing forces. It Js
in this field that we should draw our
conclusions, for here it is that one may
perceive in the full light of day the
failure of the German plan. This plan,
the project of Von der Goltz. of Bern
hardt, and of Falkenhayn, was, as often
has been recalled, to crush France in
three weeks and then to turn to Rus
sia. "Today the fourth month of the war
is drawing to Its close, and still France
has not been crushed. On the contrary
France, counting from September 5. has
enjoyed nothing but success and this in
spite of the arraying In opposition to
her of a mass of soldiers who-in the
aggregate represent more than 50 army
corps. These 50 army corps are still
all confronting us.
Fifteen German Corps Face Russia.
"Fifteen German army corps, united
with virtually all the forces of Austria,
are facing Russia.
"We repeat and we desire to em
phasize that since September 3 the
formidable masses of troops who have
assailed us have not been able, no
matter how corageous their attacks, to
make us give way any place on the
line. On the contrary, at a number
of points the enemy has been driven
back before the strength of our advance."
CAXXOXADE IS OXLY ACTIVITY
German Bombardment Less Spir
ited, Says Paris.
PARIS, Nov. 24. The following of
ficial communication was issued to
night: "Today has been relatively quiet.
"There has been intermittent can
nonading on the front and a few at
tacks in the Argonne. which have all
The earlier official report said:
"Speaking generally, it may be said
that the situation, during the day of
November 23 has showed no important
"Along the greater part of the front
the enemy manifested his activity par
ticularly by an Intermittent canon
ad e which was, however, less spirited
than on the preceding day. Neverthe
less, there were here and there some
infantry attacks, all of which were re
pulsed. These attacks were particu
larly violent in the Argonne, where we
gained some territory, and in the re
gion of Fourde-Paris.
"There is nothing to report between
the Argonne and the Vosges, and fur
thermore, a heavy fog has interfered
"The sanitary condition of the troops
GURKHAS FIGHTING WELL
ISDIAJf TROOPS RECAPTURE PO
SITIONS TAKEN FROM THEM.
Health of Natives Better Than That of
Whiten Who Accompanied Them
Bayonets Used Frequently.
LONDON. Nov. 25. The life of the
Indian troops in the trenches is de
scribed in a bulletin from the front
which was issued by the Official Press
"Nothing sensational has happened in
the Indian lines." says the bulletin.
"There have been trenching, counter
trenching and a good deal of hand-to-hand
fighting, but no Gurkha regiment
has penetrated behind the German lines
and blown up a powder magazine."
The report says that the Germans
have not attacked the Indian trenches
as desperately as they have the other
parts of the line and have been repelled.
witnout difficulty. When the Germans
have captured an Indian trench in
variably it has been recaptured, usually
at night with the bayonet- Despite the
cold weather the health of the Indians
Is better than that of the white sol
diers who accompanied them from India
While feeling the hardships of the
trenches acutely, they have not com
plained. The officers of the Indians are ex
traordinarily well informed regarding
the war. In describing German at
tempts Jo seduce the Indians, the re
port says that the operator of a Taube
aeroplane threw down over the trenches
many leaflets bearing the announce
ment by a German professor that
Sheik-ul-Islam had proclaimed a holy
war. All the leaflets fell into the
hands of white soldiers, who were puz
zled by thenv.
Two Indians were creeping toward a
German trench on a scouting expedi
tion one nigilt. when a searchlight was
thrown on one of them.
"He was quick-witted enough to
realize that no ordinary resource would
save his life," says the report. "He im
mediately rose to his feet and advanced,
salaaming, to the German trench. Its
occupants ceased to fire, disconcerted.
The Indian by signs indicated that
he wanted to kill the British and as a
result spent a luxurious night in the
German lines. In the morning, on
making signs that he could bring other
Indians, he was allowed to return to
his own side. He was promoted for
this exploit. i
NEUTRAL CODES BARRED
TURKS VIOLATE UNDISPUTED PRIN
CIPLE OF LAW.
Washington to Insist on Ambassador's
Right to Communicate Wltn Home
Government In Secret.
NEW YORK, Nov. 24. The Turkish
government has notified the cable
companies that messages from or to
belligerent countries will not be ad
mitted In Turkey either terminally or
In transit, according to announcement
today by the Commercial Cable Com
pany. Further, representatives of neutral
powers in Turkey will not be permit
ted to exchange telegrams in code or
cipher with their home offices, or with
representatives of other neutral pow
ers. WASHINGTON. Nov. 24. Officials
here say it is an undisputed principle
of international law that a representa
tive of a neutral country may maintain
communication with his home govern
ment In secret. If Turkey should at
tempt to prohibit Ambassador Mor
benthau from sending dispatches to
Washington in diplomatic cede come
action would be taken by the United
States. However, the State Depart
ment's only information on the sit
uation was the cable company's notifi
cation. A report on the situation from
the Ambassador in Constantinople is
Harvard Man Dying at Front.
LONDON, Nov. 24. The first graduate
of an American college to be a victim
of the war is Lieutenant George Wil
liamson, who belongs to the Duke of
Wellington's regiment. Mr. William
son's name appears in todav'a raqnait.
I result of wounds. He was graduated
IXrom Harvard in the class of 1905,
MY BE ABANDONED
Washington Worried by Re
ports That Blanco May Go
as Villa Nears.
TELEGRAPH IS UNCERTAIN
Carranza Spokesman Issues Formal
Statement Praising; Administra
tion for Action in Evacu
ating Vera Cruz.
MEXICO CITY, Nov. 24. A mob
leathered tonight ait the National Palace
broke open nnd saclted arms and am
munition stores throughout the city
and looted pawn shops and other es
tablishments. The trouble continues
vrlth much shootlnjc, but few casualties.
Traction service has been suspended.
The police are powerless.. A volunteer
force of civilians, ex-Federal soldiers,
arc armed at poltcje headquarters and
the Brazilian legation to suppress the
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24. Fears that
General Ducio Bianco may follow Gen
eral Obregon and abandon Mexico City
are expressed in official reports re
ceived late today by the United States
Government. Zapata forces have been
fighting with Blanco's men in the out
skirts of the capital. General Villa's
men are rapidly approaching the city
from the north.
Indications that General Blanco was
wavering in his decision to protect
Mexico City against invaders have given
rise to the impression In Admlnlstra
tion- quarters that the Villa advance
guard must be close to the Mexican
Villa Expects No Resistance.
From George G. Carothers, American
Consular agent with General Villa, ad
vices dated Queretaro last Sunday said
that Villa expected to be in Mexico City
in a few days and to occupy the cap
ital without resistance.
Although there have been some re
ports that Blanco would remain in the
city and arrange for the peaceful entry
of the Villa forces, official advices in
dicate that he may Join his superior
officer. General Obregon, who is mov
ing his forces along the West Coast of
Mexico through the states of Tepic,
Coli,ma and Sinaloa.
Officials Much Disturbed.
Telegraphic communication between
Mexico City and Vera Crux is uncer
tain and officials, though confident
thai foreigners will not be disturbed in
any event, manifest much anxiety over
Roberto V. Pesquerla, formerly con
fidential agent of General Carranza- in
Washington, today joined Rafael Zu
baran Capmany. who holds that posi
tion now. Enrique C. Llorente. Mexican
Consul at El Paso during the Madero
administration, arrived hern today as
the Washington representative of Pro
visional President -Gutierrez, designed
by the convention at Aguas Callentes.
The evacuation of Mexico City Is re
garded by Carranza supporters here as
a strategic move and the bwrlnrying of
a general mobilization. Villa's parti
sans say their forces are better
equipped and control more territory.
Representatives of both sides seem to
recognize that civil war is inevitable,
..ith a more definite alignment of the
generals as the factional strife de
velops. Capmany Praises Wilson.
Senor Capmany, who has for several
months been the spokesman of Carranza
here, issued a formal statement tonight
concerning evacuation of Vera Cruz by
American forces. It was in part as fol
lows: "The evacuation of Vera Cruz by the
American troops serves tangibly to es
tablish the . pre-existent facts not only
of the unswerving steadfastness of
President Wilson and the principles ef
justice that actuate a great political
party, but also the genuine inclination
of the great and powerful 'American
"Actions such as these bind strongly
the ties of national cordiality and serve
to strengthen the already existing
reelings of friendship between two na
tlons who have been called to similar
Evacuation Causes ReJoldnK.
"I think I interpret the opinion of all
Mexicans, certainly of all true, patriotic
Mexicans, irrespective of class and fac
tlons, when I say that yesterday . wan
with us a day of national rejoicing. It
is not strange that in such moments
some few words of displeasure may
have been voiced.
"When peace has been restored and
the hot passions which agitate us to
day have been calmed, and after the
turmoil of social and political recon
struction we have resumed our daily
peaceful occupations, then all Mexicans,
without distinction, will recall with
deep respect the name of President Wil
son." TO BOTTLE VILLA IS IXTEXT
General Obregon Announces Plan
to Eliminate Foe:
MEXICO CITY. Nov. 24. It is re
ported here that the advance guards of
General Villa's army have reached
Teoloyucan, about 20 miles north of
General A. Obregon is still in the city
and his difficulties with General
Blanco have been adjusted. The two
TODAY AND REMAINDER OF THIS WEEK
What It Meant to a Man When Given by a Sincere Woman,
Caiifornia'3 Famous Prima Donna in
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of the West
This Play Broke All Records in San Francisco and in the
Ziegfeld Theater in Chicago
TEN CENTS ANY SEAT TEN CENTS
Generals held a conference today. --
In a statement today General
Obregon said that General Villa had
arrested Julio Madero, brother of the
late President Madero. General Ober-
gon declared that he and General Pablo
Gonzalez had sufficient troops to de-
ieac uenerai villa, but that they had
desisted in order to allow Villa to
enter the city, where the entire Con
stitutionalist army would bottle him up.
"When Francisco Villa and Emillano
Zapata are found together in the Na
tional Palace," said General Obregon.
the republic will feel a Convulsion of
repugnance which will shake it to its
foundation It is then that we will
start our campaign to eliminate them
and we will be successful."
ISTHMUSP1LED WITH DEAD
Russia Adds Detail to German Ad
mission of Defeat.
PETROGRAD, Nov. 24. An official i
communication issued here tonight .
"To what extent the German official
news can be trusted is shown by the
following short Prussian communica
tion dated November 20:
" 'The Russians on the east of the
lake region made themselves masters
of a field work fitted with guns but
not garrisoned.' "
"This statement refers to a redoubt
near the village of Przykop which, on
the night of November 17, a company
of the Siberian regiment stormed and
occupied. The next day the Germans
concentrated on the redoubt a violent
fire from large-caliber howitzers and
kept up the attack on it for four hours
in an effort to retake It.
"During this attack the German col
umns were compelled to advance over
a small isthmus between the lakes
Vernoff (south) and Bonvelno and the
Lake Levantin. After the battle this
Isthmus, which is about 400 feet long,
was piled up with the bodies of Ger
mans killed during the attack.
"After fierce fighting the redoubt re
mained in our possession."
LID OFF BARBARY COAST
Sau Francisco Relaxes Regulations
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 24. An edict
of the San Francisco Police Commis-
loners, by which it was declared the
notorious "Barbary Coast" was to be
put out of business, has been partially
rescinded, it was announced today.
The reputed death blow at the
"Coast" was struck in an order which,
among other things, prohibited dancing
in places on the "Coast" where liquor
was sold. This and some other re
strictions were' considered sufficiently
effectual to deprive the "Coast" of all
Interest to' tourists, who were its main
stay. The new order allows dancing In
one cafe on the "Coast" and one on
the edge of it, but prohibits enter
tainers from dancing.
Three downtown cafes have the same
privelege and further permits will be
granted, it was said.
LOOT FOUND AFTER YEAR
Part of $40,000 Haul of Copper
Turns Tip in Scrap Iron Yard.
DULUTH, Nov. 24. A freight car
containing more than $100,000 worth of
Montana copper anode plates disap
peared November 4, 1913, In the North
ern Pacific Railroad yards in Duluth.
One day later the car reappeared in
the yards with $40,000 worth of the
plates missing. Today the plates were
found in the yard of a local Bcrap
iron company and George K. Robert
son, aged 30, and Joseph Regali, 26
years old, switchmen for the Northern
Pacific were arrested for theft.
Sigmund Zalk, foreman of the scrap
company, says he bought 32 of the
plates from the switchmen for $300
without the knowledge of his employ
ers The shipment was from the Ana
conda Mining Company for Pittsburgh,
via Duluth. Railroad and other de
tectives have been working on the case
for the last year.
PEACE TALK DENOUNCED
Cologne Gazette Says Rumors Are
"Higher Political Idiocy."
BERLIN, Nov. 23, via London, Nov.
24. The Cologne Gazette declares that
the reports of a German desire for
peace, which it says are probably in
spired by the British, belong to the
"region of higher political Idiocy."
"The position of the Germans, neither
in the east nor the west," it continues,
"Is critical. The German military un
dertakings on all the battlefields are
progressing favorably. Neither the
military nor the political situation con
tains any reason which might make
Germany desirous to conclude peace."
The Copenhagen Politiken says that
English reports that Germany wishes
peace are absurd, and that their only
aim is to keep England in good humor.
Germany has no reason for wishing
peace, since her armies are un foreign
territory and her navy is uninjured.
GENERAL STENGER DEAD
Bordeaux Hears German Who Fig
ured In Repudiated Tale Dies.
BORDEAUX, Nov. 24, via Paris. The
death of General Stenger, who com
manded the Fifty-eighth German In
fantry Brigade, waa reported here to
day. General Stenger figured In the -var
news late in September, when the
French war office said that he had
Issued an order that no prisoners should
be taken: that all who fell Into the
hands of his men. Including the
wounded, should be shot. 'The Germans
repudiated this report.
tfhe Italian rovernment uses American
machinery to manufacture shoes for its soldiers.
HOME OF THE
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
L. Rogers Lytton
DR. VAN DYKE IS SILENT
AMBASSADOR ' TO NETHERLANDS
WILL NOT TALK OF PEACE.
Hope Held, However, That Whea "Mid.
tu" of War la Spent, America
. . Will Have Its Opportunity.
NEW YORK, Nov. 24. Dr. Henry Van
Dyke, United States Ambassador to the
Netherlands, reached here today on the
steamship Rotterdam. He said bis eyes
had given way and he had come home
for treatment, "out he hoped to return
to his post. He pleaded his official po
sition as reason for silence as to any
peace suggestions. Ke added:
"When the madness that began this
war has spent itself. I hope that Amer
ica will have a great part to play in
the restoration of a lasting peace,
wherein all the people of the world,
great and small, shall rejoice together.
Then the nightmare of blood will be
over and the palace of peace will have
"What about the standing of Amer
ica in the eyes of Europe?" he was
"With all reasonable people, I believe
that It is better than ever," he said.
- COMMENCING TODAY.
The Fireman and
Comedy drama replete with
beautiful scenes, touching situa
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humor running throughout; featur
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mond. THE ARCHAEOLOGIST.
Interesting and humorous. How
a clever girl wins the love of an in
MESSENGER OF GLADNESS.
A beautiful Thanksgiving story.
HIS TAKING WAYS..
A Keystone Comedy. "It is to
Special added attraction:
Old-time negro melodies.
10i ADMISSION 10
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VITA GRAPH 'S LATEST BROADWAY STAR FEATURE
ANOTHER NEW YORK SENSATION
Capt. Harry Lambert
"HIS CHORUS GIRL
A Modern Thanksgiving Story
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