Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. L.1"V. NO. 16,849. PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1914. PRICE FIVE CEXTS
Zeebrugge Burning, Solvay
Works Reduced to Ruins.
FLEET OF ALLIES ATTACKS
Military Train Blown to Frag-
' ments, Sections of .Sub
GREAT CRANE DISAPPEARS
Effort to Remove Stores Is
Frustrated by Damage
to Railway Line.
LONDON, Nov. 25. "Germany's
scheme to establish a naval base at
Zeebrugge has been thwarted by Brit
ish warships, says' the Daily Mail's
"Zeebrugge is burning, the Solvay
works near the Bruges ship canal are
a heap of rnins and the sections of six
submarine boats which had been
brought there are reduced to twisted
iron. A large quantity of stores also
Military Train Destroyed.
"The bombardment lasted from 2
o'clock until 5 o'clock Monday. The
Coast Guard building and the public
echools were destroyed.
"The military trains at the Solvay
works were blown to fragments and
a large crane which was being used
for putting the submarines' together
simply disappeared. . .
Removal of Stores Prevented. '
"In desperation the Germans tried
to remove their stores, including the
apparatus for making hydrogen for
Zeppelins, to Bruges, but found a sec
tion of the railway had been blown up.
"For several weeks the enemy had
been collecting stores at and fortify
ing Zeebrugge in the hope of making
it a strong naval base."
A dispatch from Amsterdam savs
"Yesterday, after British aviators
had reconnoitered cleverly bidden
German gun positions along the
coast," says a Sluis correspondent, "a
combined attack was undertaken by
the allies' infantry against the Ger
British and" Trench Bombard.
"The " attackers were aided by a
bombardment from the Anglo-French
squadron, consisting of three small
cruisers and numerous torpedo-boats
and torpedo-boat destroyers, which
came close to the coast. The Ger
mans replied with a heavy artillery
"During the afternoon a second
squadron appeared between Ostend
and Weenduyn, but neither here nor
at Nieuport was there any success
for either one side or the other.
Squadron Forced to Retreat.
"Near Westende two German bat
teries were silenced, but the British
and French squadron was foreed to
retreat owing to the good marksman
ship of the German artillery, which
damaged one of the destroyers.
"The second squadron then steamed
to Zeebrugge, probably with the in
tention of destroj-ing German sub
marines. Before sunset the electric
works were, fiercely burning and also
the Palace Hotel and other buildings.
The church steeple at Heyst was dam
aged, and it is reported that the
sluices at Zeebrugge were destroyed.
"The German - firing suddenly
6topped and the German submarines
left the port. After some maneuver
ing the British fleet disappeared in
the fog. Part of Zeebrugge was burn
ing and the population had' fled in
ALLIES FACIXtt NEW ATTACK
Germans Reinforced and Terrific
Battle Is Renewed In France.
LONDON, Nov. 25. "The allies have
teen attacked In force from Ypres to
Jol Bassee," says a dispatch from a
Daily Chronicle correspondent In North
ern France. His dispatch continues:
Concluded on Page 6.)
DEATHS ON HANALEI
LAID TO NEGLECT
NEGLECT TO REBUILD LIFESAV
EVG STATION IS CITED.
Sea Quiet and Rescue Would Have
Been Easy First Few Hours,
Say Coast Veterans.
BAN FRANCISECO. Nov. 24. Utter
ly Inadequate protection of commerce
on the Pacific Coast, emphasized two
days ago by Secretary of Commerce
Redfield as having caused the drown
ins of 31 persons in one Instance, has
cost the lives of 21 souls who perished
on the Hanalei.
Veteran lifesavers, including Captain
J. L. Notter, of the Point Bonita life-
saving station, whose men picked up
IS survivors, said flatly . tonight that
if the Government had not neglected
to rebuild an old lifesaving station at
Bolinas when It chanced to burn down,
no one need have been drowned from
the wrecked schooner.
Despite the fog. Captain Notter said.
rescue would have been possible but
for the hours consumed in getting life
saving crews and apparatus moved
from San Francisco Bay. Darkness
fell before they arrived, and Impeded
their work until a score of persons
went to their death in a quiet sea and
under conditions favorable to rescue.
"I shall telegraph to Washington to
ask that apparatus be supplied at Bo
Unas before another week." said the
captain. "I want to see It there before
there Is another wreck on Duxbury
Reef. We can't afford to wait for an
Investigation Into this one."
VENETIAN PATRIARCH DIES
Cardinal Cavallarl Noted for Abhor
rence of Immodesty.
PARIS, Nov. 24. A dispatch to the
Havas Agency from Venice says that
Cardinal Arlstldes Cavallarl, patriarch
of Venice, died today.
Cardinal Cavallarl was born at Oil.
oggia In 1849 and was raised to the
caramaiate in 18J7. - He was noted for
his simple piety. On various occasions
he expressed himself voluhlv air ulnar
the Immodest dress of women, and once
is said to have stopped a church serv
ice in order to make a woman wor
shiper cover her openwork shirtwaist.
in January of this year Cardinal
Ca.va.lla.rf 1ha on Anfonni i
strongly condemning: the tinsro 'rfun
declaring that "only those persons who
nave iosi ail moral sense can endure
it." He ordered all the ecrtiosiaation tn
deny absolution to those who, having
danced the tango, did cot promise to
discontinue the practice.
BOMB USED BY MISSIONARY
Military Duty Above Religious Aim,
Says German in Africa.
LONDON. Nov. 24. A German tried
to blow up the British gunboat Dwarf
with an infernal machine In a West
African harbor recently, according to
a report to tne colonial office. It was
discovered that he waa a missionary.
"When Questioned as to how be found
such an act compatible wlch nis work."
the report said, "he replied that he waa
a soldier first and a missionary after
AMSTERDAM, via London, Not. 24
According to m Berlin dispatch to the
Telerraf, the Duke of S&xe-Cobarg and
Gotha narrowly escaped death la the
Eastern theater of the war by a ahell
which exploded near where he and his
staff were standing. The explosion
killed Colonel von Berg and wounded
two other officers.
LONDON, Nov. 24. A dispatch from
Lisbon says the Portngaese government
today decided that Portugal should co
operate with the allies when It eon
aiders the step necessary. The Miniated
of War will Issue m decree for partial
PARIS, Not. 21. Telegraphing from
Athens, the correspondent of the Havas
Agency says the Turkish government
has forbidden all subjects of the triple
entente powers, with the exception of
women and of children under 18 years
old. to leave the Ottoman territory.
LONDON, Nov. 23. The Admiralty
announces that all points of military
significance In Zeebrugge were aub
Jected today to a severe bombardment
by two British battleships. The Ger
man opposition was feeble. The extent
"of the damage done la unknown. The
British ships returned safe.
BERLIN, Nov. 24. (By wireless to
Sayvllle, 1. I.) Switzerland has lodged
protests at London and Bordeaux
against the violation of Swiss neutrali
ty by British aviators, and demands
PETROGRAD, Nov. 24, via London,
Nov. 25. A German aeroplane with
two aviators has heea captured by
Cossacks 24 miles from Plock, Russian
Poland. The airmen had dropped sev
eral bombs In Plock.
SANTIAGO, Chile, Nov. 24. An odl
clal statement issued by the maritime
authorities today says that it has been
proved that German warships have
violated the neutrality of . Chile by
staying for several days In the Juan
Fernandez, Islands, capturing neutral
ships, seising coal and provisions -and
sinking the French bark Valentine a
half mile from the Chilean coast.
. LONDON, Nov. 25. New rates of pay
for army officers showing lncreaaea
of from lO to SS per cent are announced
In an army order. The new dally rate
for a captain la raised from S3 to $3.50,
and for a Lieutenant from S3 to $2.50.
These Increases also are augmented by
various special allowances.
i r-i m m i i i
Hw AUVAi Abt
TURNS INTO DEFEAT
Armies Cut Up' Each
Other in Poland
TERRIFIC BATTLE LASTS WEEK
Russian Reinforcements Sent
in Pursuit of Enemy.
KAISER LOSES HEAVY GUNS
Whole Regiments Surrender Cra
cow Believed Farther Advanced
Than Public Is Informed ; New
Teuton Battle Line Forms.
LONDON, Nov. 25. The Petrograd
correspondent of the Morning Post says
that the Russian successes in Poland,
as announced In official dispatches,
waa preceded by a week of hard fight
ing with - varied success and reverses.
In the neighborhood of Brzezlny the
Germans made a supreme effort and
actually succeeded in temporarily
breaking through the Russian defense
and getting to the rear of the Russian
positions, says the correspondent.
Germans Let Chance Slip.
It appears, however, that the Ger
mans did not fully realize their chances
and the Russians countered by piercing
the German lines at another point,
compelling the Germans to withdraw.
with the loss of a whole battery of
heavy artillery and two regiments of
The failure of this most determined
attack, which was almost a success.
disheartened the Germans, continues
the correspondent, and when the ordi
nary hammer-and-tongs fighting was
resumed, the Russians convinced the
enemy in a couple of days that the time
had come to retire and. the Germans
are now in retreat.
Reinforcements Move on Rear.
Large bodies of reinforcements are
moving on the German right rear from
the neighborhood of Wielun.
The latest intelligence Indicates, the
correspondent concludes, that Grand
Duke Nicholas, Commander-in-Chief of
the Russian forces. Is - entirely satis
fied with the situation along the whole
Russian front. Such news as is given
out from the neighborhood of Cracow
seems to be about a week old. The
Grand Duke's plan probably Is a good
deal more advanced than the public
has been allowed to know.
German Regiment Give Up.
The Daily Mail's Petrograd Corre
spondent, describing the capture of
(Concluded on Pago 5.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 69
degrees; minimum, 37 degrees.
TOrATS Probably fair, southerly winds.
French declare German plan of campaign la
proves. xaiiure. Fan z.
Newspaper men visit trenches during bat-
no. rase .
American Relief Commission denies starving
fseiKians can count on aid Irom Germany,
American financier held by Britain as
German reservist. Fas 4.
Turks defeated on Krzerum front. Face 4.
Germans once hold but lose advantage, re
sulting in folana defeat, fua 1.
Allies- fleet frustrates Germans attempt to
establish naval base at Zeebrugge. Page 1.
Mexico's capital may - be abandoned on ap
proach of Villa' a army. Fag 3,
Wilson to make Issue of Government-owned
merchant marine. Page ft.
Great Increase la wheat acreage Is predicted.
ITortr-one of company of S4 on board steam-
shin Hanalei saved. Paite 1.
Neglect to rebuild lifesaving station de
clared responsible for Hanalei deaths.
Oregon's last workout of season Is Joy to
coach and players. Page 14.
Aggies travel to Tacoma for game with
University of Southern California Thurs
day. Page 14.
Winged M lauad has final practice for game
with Oregon. Parte 14.
Visit to advertised oil well falls to convince
many. Page a.
Governor wins In Copperfleld case before
Supreme Court. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Fall movement of Chinese eggs to Coast mar
keta starts. Page 19.
Wheat weak at Chicago because of scarcity
of export cargo space. Page 19.
Further strengthening of credits by Euro
pean cations. Page 19.
Lumber trade quickens aa export demand en
enllrena. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
President of Western Union Telegraph Com
pany visits Portland. Page 9.
Press Club high Jinks to break vaudeville
record tonight. Page 9.
T. M. C. A.'s State Older Boys' Conference
to oe held at McMinnvllle next Friday,
Saturday and Sunday. Page 9.
Orpheum Theater may enter new home Sun
day. Page 0.
Associated Charities encouraged over hearty
response to appeal for needy. Page 7.
Senators and Representatives of Multnomaa
to hold advence meeting to discuss pro
posed laws. Page 13.
Arthur Hart, 13. shot by friend, dies.
Taxpayers urge completion of Columbia
highway. Page 8.
Progressive Business Men's Club's Pumpkin
estlval is huge success. Page o.
Warring tongs sign peace pact. Page 18.
Taxpayers vote 6-mlll levy. Page 1.
"The Poor Little Rich Girl" at Heillg is most
impressive play. Page 5.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
CROCKERLAND NOT THERE
Country JPeary Thought He Discov
ered Has Disappeared.
NEW YORK. Nov. t Crockerland-.
the unknown country In the Arctic
which Rear-Admiral Peary believed be
sighted In 1906, hag either disappeared
or never existed. In the belief of Don
ald B. McMillan, who left New York
with an expedition to find the unex
plored country, In July, 1913.
News from McMillan was received to
day by the American Museum of Nat
ural History. The expedition, after
Journeying from Cape Thomas Hubbard,
125 miles over the Polar Sea, from
about which point Peary reported hav
ing sighted the country, was unable
to see it. McMillan reports that at
first he thought he saw land, but this
finally proved to be a mirage.
IT'S A HARD GAME.
41 OF STEAMSHIPS
18 Known to Be Dead,
Five Are Missing.
15 VICTIMS ARE IDENTIFIED
Names of Survivors
Known Dead Given.
WOMEN FIGHT FOR LIFE
Frantic and Helpless Ones in "Wreck
age Hear Companions' Cry In
Vain for Aid Baby Is Among
Those Who Are Lost.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 24. Out of
64 persons who were aboard the steam
er Hanalei when she crashed into the
northern spur of DuxDury Reef shortly
before noon yesterday 41 are known to
be alive tonight; IS dead have been
identified; two bodies have been re
covered whose names are unknown.
Five are missing. Including the infant
of Mrs. Val Franz, who Is known to
have been drowned.
The following list includes the names
cf all survivors and dead cast ashore
or rescued from the surf at Bolinas
and also those brought to San Fran
cisco today oir the revenue cutter Mc-
Elwood Schwerin. Berkeley, CaL
Mrs. Ethel Turkenson. Windsor, Cal
Harold Turkenson, 8 years old, Wind
W. J. Edmondson, San Francisco.
Roger Bays, San Jose, Cal.
Miss Elsie Brown, San Francisco.
David Neville. Los Angeles.
Earl Carlson, Oakland.
George Studebaker, Eureka, CaL
C. E. Blincoe, Vlsalla, CaL
J. O'Donnell, San Francisco.
Miss Grctta La Rue.
Miss Joy Stone, San Francisco.
Miss V. Goldflnger.
r- M Kt Jsfrter.. Oakland. .Cal . .
Mrs. Val Franz, San Francisco.
A. F. Mason, San Francisco.
Sydney Aston. Fruitvale, Cal.
T. Maher, Eureka, Cal.
Andrew J. Place. Eureka. CaL
George W. Harrison. Hydesvllle, CaL
V irginla Lawton.
Miss R. C. Smtlh.
John Hunt, Eureka, Cal. '
Captain J. J. Carey. San Francisco.
First Assistant Engineer C Runth.
C. W. Pettlngill, chief engineer.
Thomas McTeague, first officer (seri
Alfonso Ornachea. fireman.
(Concluded on Page 18.)
Tuesday's War Moves
ECISIVE news from the Polish bat-
thorough victory by either Russia or
Germany would vitally affect tho course
of the Winter campaign both in the
East and in the West, but there is no
assurance that there has been any def
inite result, although Petrograd mes
sages declare that the Russians have
Inflicted at least temporary reverses on
the Germans in the angle between the
Vistula and Warta rivers.
Both combatants have achieved these
strokes before without settling the for
tunes of war permanently. The corre
spondent of the Paris Matin describes
the Germans as fleeing, while the latest
Petrograd official bulletin says that
the Germans are retreating.
Berlin announces officially that the
Issue has not yet been decided.
On the snow-covered fields of Bel
glum and France quiet continues, the
only unusual Incident being the bom
bardment of the towns of Zeebrugge
and Beyst by British warships with a
few shells which struck hotels where
the German staff was quartered, and
other buildings, while the German shore
batteries were unable to reach the war
ships in reply.
The Hague reports that railway com
munication with Antwerp has been sus
pended and that no travelers will be
admitted to Belgium during the next
few days. The Germans are believed to
be on the eve of another assault on the
allies' defenses, but for the time being
there is a nearer approach to rest for
the armies spread out from Ostend to
Verdun than at any time in the past
Portugal has taken the final plunge
into the European war. The Portu
guese Congress yesterday decided that
the country should co-operate with the
allies when it considers the step nec
essary and the Minister of War will
sjsue a decree for partial mobilization.
The greatest loan In England's his
tory 350,000,000 ($1,750,000,000) has
been successfully floated by the Bank
of Enerland. both larsra and mn 1 1 in.
prestors being among the buyers. The
country awaits the announcement by
the Chancellor of the Exchequer as to
the amount of the subscriptions with
the belief that they will exceed con
siderably the amount of the loan and
that the colossal transaction will have
an impressive effect on Great Britain's
Berlin reports that , the Bundesrath
has passed laws to prevent and to pun
ish speculation in gold, to fix the prices
of potatoes, to limit the consumption
of bread in Berlin and to extend the
moratorium as applying to bills of ex
change in Alsace-Lorraine.-East Prus
sia and parts of West Prussia another
30 days, making Its extent' ISO" days.
It is expected that the prices for wool
will be fixed this week. The British
government has taken up all the stocks
The hunger-stricken Belgians on the
border of Holland are pictured as re
sorting to brigandage and reports say
that a state of anarchy is approaching.
Representatives of the Rockefeller
foundation and the American commis
slon for the relief of Belgium are about
to visit Holland and Belgium and hope
to co-operate In carrying out the re
lief work on an adequate scale.
Queen Mary has sent to Mrs Walter
Hines Page, wife of the American Am
bassador, a letter of thanks for the
mission of the Santa Claus ship Jason,
which is bringing Christmas gifts from
American children to children in Eng
land and on the continent. The Jason
will arrive at Devonnort tomorrow.
She will be the recipient of an officia?
reception by the municipality of Ply
moutn and by representatives of the
PEACE NEAR, LLOYDS THINK
Betting Is Ten to Six War Will End
by March 31.
LONDON, Nov. 24. (SpeciaL) Re
markable optimism relative to the dur
atlon of" the war prevails In financial
and Insurance circles in London. The
Lloyd policies indicato that betting
now is 10 to 6 that the war will be
ended by March 31. Not long ago the
betting was 5 to 1 there would be no
peace within a year.
The military situation In the East is
regarded as favorable to tho allies' and
little anxiety is felt for the safety of
the allies left wing In the West, in
spite of the massing of German rein
forcements agalnst'it. As for the men
ace of airships and raiding forces.
while such attacks are expected, no
body appears to believe that they can
prove to be overpoweringly disastrous.
BERLIN DENIES SEA LOSS
British Report of Sinking of Sub
marine Declared Untrue.
BERLIN. Nov. 24. (By wireless to
Sayville.) The official press bureau
made denial today of the. statement of
the secretary of the British Admiralty
yesterday that a German submarine had
been sunk off the coast of Scotland by
a British patrolling vessel.
'British reports concerning the de
struction of German submarines," sayo
the bureau, "are unfounded. No sub
marines are missing."
TRADE BALANCE GROWS
Week's Exports Exceed Imports by
More Than $14,000,000.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24. Exports at
the principal ports, which handle 80
per cent of that business, totaled
$39,217,637 for the week ended Novem
ber 21. as against imports of $24,834,124,
leaving a trade balance of more than
$14,000,000 In favor of the United
States for the week and bringing the
trade balance for the month to more
TO AID DIRECTORS
5-Mill School Levy Gets
NEW PURCHASES PUNNED
Crowd at Armory Noisy and at
TWO MOTIONS PRESENTED
Dr E. A. Sommer's Report for 4.8
Mills Rejected Assessment lor
Coming Vear Means Help to
Franklin School Unit.
Taxpayers of the Portland school dis
trict, in their annual mass meeting at
the Armory last night, voted to sup
port the School Directors in their rec
ommendation for a 6-mlll tax levy for
the coming year.
This assessment will provide for the
purchase of new sites for the Haw
thorne School and for the proposed
school of trades east of the river and
will make possible the erection of the
first unit of the new ""ranklin High
The meeting was noisy and at times
disorderly, but wholly good-natured
and always under control of M. G.
Munly. chairman of the board, who pre
sided. But two motions were presented the
first to support the. recommendations of
a majority of the Board for a 6 -mill
levy, and the second to adopt the mi
nority report of Dr. E. A. Sommer, one
of the directors for a 4.8-mlll levy. The
Sommer report was rejected.
The motion supporting the majority
report waa presented by Whitney L.
Boise, and that upholding the Sommer
report by J. N. Teal. Each spoke briefly
in support of his respective motion.
Each had a host of lusty-lunged, sup
porters in the audience.
1500 Taxpayers Present.
The Armory waa comfortably filled.
Officials of the Board estimated the
attendance of taxpayers at approxi
mately 1600. People began arriving
early In the evening. Chairman Munly
took charge promptly at S o'clock. He
proceeded by reading the call for the
The annual report of the Board was
read by R. H. Thomas, the clerk. O.
M. Plummer, Dr. Alan Welch Smith
and Dr. E. A Sommer, members of
the Board, were gathered on the plat
form. J. V. Beach, the fifth member,
came In later.
The clerk proceeded with the read
ing without Interruption until he came
to the paragraph outlining the plan for
a new Franklin High SchooL when he
was liberally applauded.
- But no less demonstrative was the
audience when the clerk read the mi
nority report of Dr. Sommer for a
Promptly upon conclusion of the
clerk's reading Whitney L. Boise made
his motion for adoption of the majority
report providing for the o-mlll levy.
Mr. Boise had hardly taken his seat
when J. N. Teal presented a substitute
motion for the adoption of the Sommer
Calls for Sir. Teal Heard.
Mr. Teal started to speak In support
of his motion. He stood on the floor
beneath the stage and in response to
numerous calls mounted the platform.
"It is necessary," he urged, "if we
are to . exercise economy in all our
affairs not to submit to a single un
necessary Item of expense."
' He referred to current reports that
Dr. Smith, one of the Board members,
recently arranged for purchase of the
trades school site for $10,000 less than
the original purchase price, declaring
that "Dr. Smith jumped at that ten
thousand like a hungry trout jumps at
He declared that if the Board has
been able to secure a $10,000 reduction
by waiting a year, it might be well to
wait longer and secure even further re
ductions. He explained the efforts now being
made by the county budget committee.
of which he is a member, to secure a
reduction In the expenses of the county
government and emphasized the neces
sity in these times of commercial de
pression, of operating all departments
of government at a minimum of ex
- Waiting Policy Advocated.
In reference to the Board's plan to
spend $100,000 for a new school site
without Intending to build upon that
site until next year, he asked the as-
sembled taxpayers whether they would
conduct their private affairs In similar
You would wait until ready to usa
it, wouldn't you?" he asked.
It is argent that this year we cut
our coat according to our cloth," he
continued, and urged his hearers never
to think of the city or of the school
district excepting as a part of them
selves. When you impose a tax of this kind
you do in public lifo what you would
not do in private life," he addbJL "On
the face of the two reports there la
absolutely no necessity for this ex
pense." Cries of "Question." "Question" fol
lowed the conclusion of Mf. Teal's re
marks. Dr. Sommer auvanced to the front of
the stairs and was loudly applauded.
I approve of every part of this re-
(Concluded on Pace IS)