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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1914)
VOL. L.IV. NO. 16,850.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY. NOVE3IBER 26. 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
2 GERMAN CORPS
One and All Munitions
Known Taken in East
OTHER FORGES SURRONDED
Entire Vistula-Warthe Front
Retreats; Rout Resembled.
CARPATHIANS ARE CROSSED
Ciar's Troops Make Capture South
of Mountains, In . Austria, but
Force in Hungary Is Driven
Back With Heavy Loss.
LONDON', Nov. 26. The Morning
Post's Petrograd correspondent said
he learns that one German army corps
of more than 40,000 men with their
munitions complete has been captured
and that he believes when the official
details of the fighting in Russian
Poland are forthcoming: it will be found
that at least two army ' corps have
"It seems," the correspondent adds,
"that the large number of German re
inforcements from Wielun, with which
it was Intended to envelop the Russian
left flank, arrived only In time to sup
port the retreat of the whole German
Cavalry Rides Down Masses.
"The Russian cavalry made a series
of charges into the masses of retreat
ing German infantry, doing terrible ex
ecution on the fugitives."
The Warsaw correspondent of the
Reuter Telegram Company sends the
"Long columns of German prisoners
are passing through this city. Among
them are many of the Prussian Guard.
Many wounded have their hands and
feet frozen and lack warm clothing." .
Retreat Resembles Rout.
On the entire front of the Vistula
and Warthe rivers the Germans have
begun a retreat, according to meager
reports received from the front, says
a Petrograd dispatch. At some points,
it Is said, the backward movement re
sembles a rout, artillery, ammunition
and commissary stores being left on
One detachment of Germans in the
front fighting before Lodz, which re
ports arriving here assert was cut to
pieces by the Russians, is aald to have
been on the point of executing a coup,
disguised as Russians. It Is alleged
' that they wore the round fur-peaked
caps which form part of the Caucasian
Big German Army Surrounded.
They were detected as they were
about to turn the Russian flank by
Russian officers, who noted, through
their field glasses, slight differences In
the uniform and equipment of the Ger
mans, according to the story.
The following official communication
from the Russian general staff was re
ceived here tonight from Petrograd:
"The fighting near Lodz continues.
The large German forces which on No
vember 20 broke into the region of
Strykow, Brsezlny. Kolusrkl, Rzgow
and Tuszyn (all these places are In the
vicinity of Lodz) are pressed on every
side by our troops and are now at'
tempting by a supreme effort to cut
through toward the north.
Carpathians Are Penetrated.
"To the south of KoluBzki station
some scattered units are roaming about.
We captured prisoners, some heavy
ordnance and field guns.
"The outcome of the battle of No
vember 24 was to our advantage.
"In the fighting near Czenstochowa
and Cracow our troops manifestly have
the upper hand.
' Beyond the Carpathian passes we
are surrounding large bodies of Aus
trian troops in the vicinity of Mezola
borcz. In this region we captured a
general, 40 officers, more than 3600
soldiers and convoys and machine guns.
Near the pass giving access to the Hun
garian plain we occupy the City of
Prison Train Number 48.
Reports reaching Petrograd concern
!ng the magnitude of the defeat of the
Germans to the west of Lodz, Russian
Poland, which In some instances place
the German losses as high as an entire
army corps, appear in a measure to be
confirmed by telegraphic dispatches
from Warsaw, says one Petrograd dis
patch. Forty-eight trains have been dis
patched from Warsaw to bring In the
prisoners and wounded. This number
of trains, made up of the maximum
number of cars of the Russian wide
gauge, would carry between 45,000 and
and 50,000 men. It is estimated here.
Military men In Russia express the
opinion that the reported defeat was
partially due to the failure of the col
umn of Germans from Wielun to defeat
the Russians sent against it. Bad roads
delayed this German column, it is re
ported, enabling the Russians to con
centrate a sufficient force to repulse
it and turn the flanks of the main Ger
Ruaalans Beaten in Hungary.
There is great Jubilation in army
circles here, officers expressing the
conviction that the enemy has received
a crushing blow which Is likely to
(Concluded on Fags 2.)
LONDON, Nov. 26. "The Emperor of
Germany lsat week witnessed In East
Prussia, from m hill called Obernlascn,
a German defeat at the hand of the
Russians," says the Copenhagen corre
apondent of the Dally Mall. "The Em
peror took an abrupt leave of the commander-in-chief,
asking him to convey
hia greetings to the troop a.
. BEIILIS, Nov. 25 (via The Hague and
London.) The eorreapondent of a M ar
bors newspaper who recently vlnltrd
General Von der Gaits, Governor of
occupied territory la Belgium, aaya
that while the General waa visiting
the trenchea lately he waa wonnded In
, PARIS, Nov. 5. Grand Dike Mich
ael of Russia haa presented to the
French army 1,000,000 palra f ahoea
which had been ordered from Webster,
Hau. factories at an average price of
S3 a pair. Some enormous ordera for
ahoea for the Rnaalan army alao have
been placed in America.
- LONDOIT, Nov. 25. Cholera la rei
ported to have broken ont In Antwerp,
according to a diapatcb from Rotter
dam to the Evening Star. Only a few
caaea so far have been reported and
the moat energetic measnres are being
taken by the sanitary authorities.
STOCKHOLM, via London, Nov. 25.
A telegram from Berlin announces
that the German government has given
notice that all kinds of wood, worked
and unworked, have been added to the
list of articles that are contraband.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Nov. 25.
German newspapers have received a
telegram from Milan saying the Rus
sian Grand Duke Dlmltri, son of Graud
Duke Paul Alexandrovltch, uncle of
Emperor Nicholas, waa aeverely wound
ed tn an engagement on the River
LONDON, Nov. 25, Premier Aaqulth
will be naked in the Houae of Commons
tomorrow If he will Introduce legisla
tion auppresaing all professional foot
ball matchea during the eon tin nance
of the war.
BERLIN, Nov. 35, by wireless to Say
vllle. The British-Indian troops along
the Sues Canal have been defeated, ac
cording to a report from Milan, and the
Turks are advancing with heavy bat
teries to destroy the constructive works
of the canal and bottle np the British
warships now in the waterway.
BERLIN, Nov. 25, via Berlin -to The
f lagruc Hmperor William has con
ferred the Iron croaa of the first and
second class on Archduke Charlea Fran
cis of Austria, Commander-in-Chief of
the Austrian army and heir apparent to
the Anatro-Hungarlan throne, for the
part he has taken la the jnilltary oper
ations. LONDON, Nov. 25 The success of
the Emden and other German cruisers
In capturing and sinking British steam
ers has resulted in a boom In the ship
building centers. In the north of Eng
land the yards have booked orders for
200,000 tons of new shipping, while on
the Clyde alone orders have been given
for 50,000 tons.
KING'S COURT IN RETREAT
Saxon Ruler Not Yet Monarch
Poland, as Intended.
PETROGRAD. Nov. 25 (Special.)
In a Warsaw paper is described the
retreat of the King of Saxony from
Poland as seen by eye witnesses from
Cernovich, Rowa and other towns. Ac
cording to this story the German gen
eral staff and the Emperor were so
sure of conquering Poland that it was
settled that the King of Saxony should
be proclaimed King of Poland and
make a triumphant entry intoWarsaw
as soon as the city was taken.
Great receptions were on the pro
gramme and with this in view the
King was accompanied not only by
court dignitaries, but by ladles of his
court, young and old. The thing turned
out differently from what had been ex
pected and the inhabitants of the
towns mentioned saw a procession of
glittering court personages going home
in motor cars.
GERMAN SINKS CUNARDER
Capture Made Near Havre and Crew
Permitted to Take to Boats.
HAVRE. Nov. 26. via Paris. The
British steamer Melachlte haa been
sunk by a German submarine, a few
miles northwest of Cape La Heve,
which is about three miles from Havre.
The Melachite, a steamer of about
2000 tons, belonging to the Cunard
company, was bound from Liverpool to
Havre. She was slopped by the sub
marine and 10 minutes was given the
crew to get into the ship's boats.
After this was done the submarine
sunk the Melachite and then closed her
own hatches and dove down beneath
the sea, leaving the crew of the steam
er to make their way to Havre. They
arrived safely a few hours after their
boat had been sunk.
ITALY'S ENTRY FORECAST
Known Facts in London Point to
Early Aid for Allies.
LONDON. Nov. 25. (Special.
Everything known in London points to
the growing likelihood of the early en
try Into the war of Italy. The Italian
reservists residing here have been sum
moned to the colors. The officers were
called home several weeks ago.
"Should the moment artive," said an
official today, "when Germany threat
ened to sweep all before it, the instinct
of self-preBervatlon would bring not
only Italy but the entire Balkan world
into line against the German-Turkish
scheme of universal conquest. Europe
simply will not brook the prospect of
the overthrow of Its separate and di
AMERICA TD IKE
RULES OF WAR
Declaration of London
GERMAN PROTEST SUSTAINED
Contention Great Britain Ex
ceeded Rights Held Sound.
NEW CODE BEING FORMED
United States Prepares to Protect
Legitimate Commerce, While
Preserving Strict Neutrality
as to Contraband.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25. The decided
stand taken by the United States Gov
ernment in refusing' to accept piecemeal
adoption of the principles of the dec
laration of London as a guide to com
mercial restrictions to be imposed dur
ing the European war was made clear
today at the State Department, when
the text of a cablegram sent to Am
bassador Gerard at Berlin on October
14 last was made public
Mr. Gerard had communicated a pre
liminary notice that Germany Intended
to protest to this Government against
alleged violation of the declaration by
Great Britain and France.
Suggestion Is Withdrawn.
The German Ambassador, Count
Bernstorff, called at the State Depart
ment today to lodge the formal com
plaint, and the text of the reply cabled
to Ambassador Gerard, copies of which
went to all American diplomatic repre
sentatives abroad, was then made pub
lic. It follows:
"Please inform the German govern
ment that the department's suggestion
made to the belligerent countries for
the adoption for the sake of uniformity
of the declaration of London as a tem
porary code of naval warfare for use
in the present war has been withdrawn
because of the unwillingness of some
of the belligerents to adopt the declara
tion of London without modification.
Rights of Clttsens Instated on.
"The United States Government
therefore Insists that the rights and
duties of those of its citizens In the
present war be defined, by the existing
rules of International law and the
treaties of the United States with the
belligerents, independently of the pro
visions of the declaration, and this
Government will reserve the right to
enter a demand or protest In every case
in which the rights and duties men
tioned above and defined by existing
rules of international law are violated
or their free exercise hindered by the
authorities of the belligerent govern
The message was signed by Coun
sellor Lansing, then Acting Secretary
The declaration of London, framed at
(Concluded on Pag 4.)
.......................................... ........ ....... T
J SPEAKING OF TURKEYS.
' y n '
;; sx,w m0W
j rgs-i I
.... . a
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 46.2
degrees; minimum, 8 degrees.
TODAY'S Unsettled and threatening-, prob
ably rain; variable winds, becoming
United States to make own rules to pro
tect commerce and maintain neutrality.
Two German army corps believed captured
by Russians. Page 1.
General Von Hlndenburft-'a position before
Kussians" declared hopeless. Face 2.
Great Britain honors American Santa Ciaus.
British observer says Germans have brought
silent cannon into action. Bags 8.
San Francisco concern gets contract for
eight submarines. Page 3- ,
Mohammedans organizing for death etrug-
gle. noted Christian believes. Page 1.
Sir George Paish predicts prosperity for
United States at first because of war;
suffering later. Page 6.
Zapata maintains order In capital. Pag 2.
President sees first snow of season at W1U
lamatown, Mass. Page &,
Richard Croker to wed daughter of Cherokee
Princess. Page 1.
Roosevelt wins change of venus in Barnes'
libel suit. Page 6.
Oregon-Multnomah game will start promptly
at 2 P. M. today. Page 10.
Aggies and Southern Callforniana ready for
Tacoma game. Page 10.
Commercial and Marine.
Advance In foreign wheat markets is ab
sorbed by rise in freight. Page 15.
Large estimate of Argentine surplus weak
ens wheat at Chicago. Page '15.
Broader demand for aecurltles in Wall street.
Two vessels chartered for grain trade.
Portland and Vicinity.
Portland, on this Thanksgiving day, gives
praise in various ways. Page 1.
Sixty famines In distress relieved by char
ity organizations. Page 9.
Portland well supplied with Thanksgiving
turkeys. Page 9.
New Japanese Consul arrives and takes up
duties. Page 7.
Multnomah levies for all purpoaea likely
to be 22.85 mills. Page 15.
Butcher is early morning fire hero, saving
girl. Page 9.
Legislators from Multnomah County to hold
cauous. Page 11.
Multnomah votes wet by 95 majority.
Yeon'a needs for roads discussed by budget
advisory committee. Page 4.
Automobile dinner at Commercial Club is
successful tour. Page 11.
Press Club Jinks pack rooms and 16-act
show wins deafening applause. Page 9.
Weather report, data and fbrecaat. Page lO.
KAISER'S COAT CAPTURED
Carriage of Imperial Foe Is Taken
by Czar's Troops.
PETROGRAD. Nov. 25, via London.
The Army Messenger asserts that
among the trophies taken by the Rus
sians at Czenstochowa was Emperor
William's carriage, which, contained one
of the Emperor's coats.
Dealing with the fighting north of
Lodz, the Army Messenger eays:
"The Germans are making attack
after attack in an attempt to break the
Russian forces, - but without success.
The Austro-German army is staking all
on this battle."
The newspaper adds that on the
Gallclan front the Russian offensive is
becoming more energetio and is reduc
ing the enemy to a state of Impotence.
Robbers fpset Millinery Store.
Burglars last night entered the mil
linery store of Miss W. L. Schmorr,
425 Jefferson street, ransacked the
place, ruined a number of hats, turned
things topsy-turvy and left without
finding anything of value. Miss
Schmorr discovered the havoc when she
returned late at night.
TO WED INDIAN GIRL
Bride Is Daughter of
ROMANCE KEPT DEEP SECRET
Croker Obtains License; He Is
73, She 23.
WEDDING PROBABLY TODAY
Young Woman Widely Known au
Suffragist and Educator Father
One of Earliest Settlers
NEW YORK. Nov. 25. Ketaw Ka
luntuchy. whose grandfather. Chief Se
quoy, was a Cherokee warrior and wise
man, is the bride-to-be of Richard W.
Croker, who used to be the "big chief"
of Tammany Hall. Her father, a
Scotchman, married Princess Sequoyah,
the Indian chief's daughter. ,
This developed tonight when a mar
riage license was Issued to Richard
Welsted Croker, 75 years old. no occu
pation, and Miss Beulah Benton Ed
mondaon, 23 years old. a singer.
Romance Kept Secret.
Arrangements for the wedding have
not been completed. Mr. Croker told
City Clerk Scully, who made out the
license. Rumor has it that the cere
mony will be performed tomorrow. At
least that Is the time originally set for
it, but no one other than a few friends
of the prospective bride and bridegroom
know positively what the arrange
"Mr. Croker and his fiancee have
shown remarkable ability for keeping
quiet the details of their romance. Not
until yesterday did it become known
that 'Mr. Croker was engaged and the
name of his fiancee was not revealed
until today. Then It came not from
Mr. Croker, but from the father of a
friend of the bride-to-be in Memphis.
Croker Prefers W'nr News.
From the time the first inkling of
the engagement came out both Mr.
Crok'er and his fiancee were besieged
by friends and newspaper men, but few
facts were forthcoming. Mr. Croker
evinced a desire to discuss European
war news, and Miss Edmondson said
she would prefer to say nothing until
after tomorrow morning.
Finally .however, she did talk just a
little. She said her family had knows
Mr. Croker many years. She met him
at the Democratic National convention
in 1900, when her father was a dele
gate from Oklahoma. They have met
often since that time. Since Mr. Croker
returned from abroad, after his first
wife died three months ago. Miss Ed
mondson has been seen frequently in
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Wednesdays War Moves
WHILE the Russian army headquar
ters remain silent and the Ger
mans say they have checked attempts
on the part of the Russians to take the
offensive, the military party in Petro
grad has shown its full confidence in
the unofficial reports of Russian vic
tory In Northern Poland by celebrating
It is even said in the Russian cap
ital that the victory was greater than
had been reported previously, and there
is talk in Petrograd of an entire Ger
man army corps having been broken
up. Reports received there say that
trains have been ordered which will
accommodate 50,000 wounded and
prisoners. Heretofore Grand Duke
Nicholas. Commander-in-Chief of the
Russian forces, 1 has withheld his re
ports until the work he set about to
do had been completed. o that the
world may have to wait for some days
yet for his official statement.
In East Prussia and before Cracow,
Gallcla, the Germans assert they have
brought the Russian advance to a stop.
The other side Is yet to be heard from
In regard to this statement.
Probably the most sismlflcant news
regarding the Russian operations comes
irom Budapest, where it is admitted
that the Russian troona a train have. In
vaded Hungary and have reached the
county or ung. wnicn is about 35 miles
south of the Carpathians, and the Coun
ty of Zemplin, 50 miles to the south
of those mountains. The troops which
invaded Ung, according to this report,
have been driven back to th frnntur
while action is being taken against
tnose in Zemplin.
Except to the northwest of Verdun,
where the Germans made an attack,
were repulsed and asked for an armis
tice, which was refused, the fighting
in the western theater consists to a
large extent of artillery duels. There
is evidence, however, that the Germans
contemplate another desperate effort
to get through to the French coast
Every report from Belgium by way
of Holland shows that the Germans are
bringing up reinforcements and guns,
but so closely Is the secret guarded tbat
there Is no Indication as to where the
blow is to be delivered. It will doubt
less be a heavy one. backed by all the
men, guns and other machines of war
of which the Germans seem to have
such unlimited supplies.
The allies have made every prepara
tion to meet this assault. At the same
time preparations have been completed
for the defense of the east coast of
England, for the opinion still holds In
London that if the Germans fall In
their latest plans they will attempt a
raid on England with warships and
transports, for which German subma
rines are trying to prepare the way.
There is eonslderablo diplomatic ac
tivity In the Balkans and important
developments are expected soon. It is
considered in official circles In London
that, with the Austrian army on her
soil, Servla will be more likely to lis
ten to the demand of Bulgaria for a
slice of Macedonia as the price of her
support. There Is also talk of an ar
rangement between Roumanla and Bul
garia; In fact, of a reorganization of
the Balkan League, which v ould bring
all the Balkan states over to the side
of the allies.
The general staff of the Russian
army in the Caucasus says that the
Turkish forces are still retreating be
fore the Russians in the region about
A dispatch from Berlin says that It
Is reported there that the British
India troops along the Suez Canal
have been defeated and that the Turks
are advancing with heavy batteries
to destroy the constructive works of
the canal and bottle up the British
warships now in that waterway.
The Earl of Beauchamp, First Com
missioner of Works in the British cab
inet. In the course of a speech at a
banquet to the officers of the Santa
Claus ship Jason at Plymouth, made
a statement which is attracting con
siderable Interest. In expressing Eng
land's appreciation of the peace pact
between Great Britain and the United
States he was not at all sure that with
in the next few months the possibilities
of future peace would not be along
the lines suggested by President Wil
son and Secretary of State Bryan.
Along the east and south coasts of
England preparations are being made
to repulse any possible attempt at
invasion by Gemany. Plans have been
completed for the withdrawal of
completed for the withdrawal of women
and children from the areas which may
be threatened and for the withdrawal of
livestock and anything that may be
useful to the invaders. .Rifle clubs
have been organized and are drilling.
Germany alao fears an Invasion by
the allies and is making extensive
preparations to guard against such an
eventuality, according to a Copenhagen
dispatch. It Is said that the Germans
are strengthening the old fortresses
in the former Danish territory of
Scbleswig-Holstein and a line of en
trenchments along the northern side
side of the Kell Canal. It is on the
shore of Schleswig, the report says,
that an invasion is feared.
TEUTON QUARREL DENIED
Von Moltke Says Report of Austro
German Clash Unfounded.
PRAGUE, Bohemia, via London. Nov.
26. The Tageblatt's Frankfort, Ger
many, correspondent aays that In an in
terview. Field Marshal Count Von
Moltke, the German chief-of-staff, de
clares there was no foundation for the
reports that there had been conflicts
between the AuBtro-Hungarlan and the
German military commanders.
"We will stand together and will
hold together until a lasting peace is
obtained," Count Von Moltke is quoted
CITY GIVES PRAISE
III VARIOUS WAYS
Portland Grateful for
HOLIDAY CHEER WIDESPREAD
Hundreds of Poor Helped
Through Long Winter.
UNION SERVICES MANY,
Church Folk to Meet and Offev
Prayer for Bonnty Which Nation
Enjoys Children to Play
Important Hole, loo.
PROGRAMME FOR. TOIJ VY.
7 A. M. Sunrise prayer meet
ings. 10, 10:20 and 11 A. M. Church
12 M. Turkey dinners at hos
pitals. Jail, etc.
2:15 P. M. Holiday matinees
at all theaters.
2 P. M. Football. Multnomah
Field, University of Oregon vs.
Multnomah Club of Portland.
5 to 8 P. M. Special and elab
orate menus at hotel grills and
7 P. M. Turkey dinner at Com
7:30 and 8 P. M. Thanksgiving
services at churches and by Sal
While hundreds of thousands of peo
ple on another continent. Ill-prepared to
face Winter's rigors, find little to be
thankful for but their lives. Portland
will offer prayers of thanksgiving to
day that prosperity Is at its door and
that war is far away.
With services of praise in the
churches of the city this morning and
epicurean delights in homes and res
taurants this evening, Portland plans
to observe the advent of Thanksgiving,
Every charitable organization, whether
of religious nature or not. is preparing
to bring holiday cheer o homes of the
poor, and hundreds will receive pro
visions to help them through a long
Turkey Vies With Eagle.
The turkey today vies with th
eagle as the National bird and tha
plump white fowls that lined markets
yesterday will appear today, nicely
browned, on dinner tables. Even the
tin plates at the jail will bear a
savory burden of roast turkey, cran
berry sauce, and hot mince pie. Every
restaurant of size and hotel grille In
the city Is preparing a special Thanks
giving dinner between 5 and 8 o'clock
tonight, in which turkey will be given
the place of honor. Roast duck,
chicken, squab and pheasant wlll.be
forced to acknowledge the sovereignty
of the turkey today.
Amusements will find many patrons
Special music at the theaters, "movie,"
vaudeville and legitimate will be a tea.
ture of today's performances. Thanks
giving matinees will be given at all the
theaters. For devotees of sport, there
will be the big game at Multnomah
Field, where the University of Oregon
will compete with the Multnomah Club.
Business houses over the city will
close their doors today. Public offices
in general will be closed. The Library
will be open only between the hours
of 2 and 9:30 P. M. and then only the
reference-room. The Postoffice will
remain closed all day and. the only mall
distributed will be that tor boxes. No
deliveries will be made. Wholesale
grocery and produce houses over the
city will not open. Schools will remain
closed till Monday.
3n Is Popular Today.
Jail attained an unusual popularity
yesterday, unfortunates fairly begging
policemen to throw them In for short
terms and purposely getting drunk and
disorderly where "cops" were thick.
They had heard that sumptuous turkey
dinners were to be furnished jail in
mates. In all of Portland's charitable
institutions turkey will lead the menu
School children have a prominent
place in the plans for the needy this
Thanksgiving. For weeks they have
co-operated with their teachers in pre
paring to distribute baskets of provis
ions on this day and that many unfor
tunates of the city will eat turkey to
day is due to the efforts of these young
"Unsettled and threatening probably
rain," is the weather bureau's predic
tion for today. Rain will not prevent
any of the planned activities for
Thanksgiving Day from occurring,
though It probably will dampen the
ardor of ' the huntsmen in the paper
chase to be held by the Portland Hunt
Club this morning and may make a
slippery field for the football men this
Union Services Planned.
Two large union church services on
the West Side and numerous interde
nominational meetings on the East
Side and West Side, are offered for the
selection of church-goers this morning.
(Concluded on Pace 16.)