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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LIV. NO. 16,848.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
LOSE III POLAHD
Large Bodies Surrounded
(BURG IS IN RETREAT
Cracow Reported in Flames
From Shells of Russians Be
fore Galician Stronghold.
FOE SHELLS CZAR'S PORT
'Many Women and Children
Are Killed at Libau by Fleet,
LONDON-, Nov. 24,- 6:45 A. M.
An official communication given out
in Petrograd, according to an Ex
change Telegraph dispatch, announces
a German retreat in Poland. The
"Between the Vistula and the
"W'arta the Germans have retreated
from the line running from Strykow
to Zg-irz, Szadek, Zdunska, Wola and
The line from which the Germans
Lave retreated, according to the
above dispatch, runs from the north
east of Lodz, down past that town,
and to the southwest.
LONDON, Nov 24. A dispatch to
the Times from Petrograd says:
"The expected victory between the
Vistula and the Warthe has been con
firmed by private advices. Large
bodies of the enemy's forces were sur
rounded and captured near Lowicz.
The enemy is reported in some cases
as abandoning his guns.
New Offensive Likely.
"It is expected, however, that Gen
eral von Hindeuburg, who has been
reinforced by a new reserve corps, will
attempt an offensive at another point
on the Polish border."
A dispatch to the Morning Post
from Petrograd, dated Monday, says:
"Emperor Nicholas, visiting the
hospital in Tsarskoe-Selo this after
noon, told the men that news had
been received of a Russian success
between the Vistula and Warthe
rivers, where two entire German reg
iments were taken prisoners.
Czar Extremely Cheerful.
"It is reported that the Emperor
was in an extremely cheerful mood.
"It is also reported unofficially
bere that the Russians already are
bombarding Cracow, which is in
PETROGRAD, Nov. 23. From
news of a semi-official nature tonight
it appears that Grand Duke Nicholas
has outmaneuvered and outgeneraled
the Kaiser's right-hand army leader,
Generarvon Hindenburg, in Poland,
where the fiercest of fighting for the
week past has been in progress.
For days the battle has been going
on along the Vistula, and reports here
tonight declare that the Russians
have taken thousands of prisoners
and the number of killed has been
too great to estimate.
Reinforcements Turn Tide.
The Grand Duke's campaign had
been well outlined and the reinforce
ments which reached him in the mid
dle of last week proved victorious for
A Cossack who has returned from
the front gives this thrilling storv
of the fighting at the front in East
"Of the German cavalry we saw
precious little. ,They don't use cav
alry to sceut as we do, but keep it
for charges. We would go out scout
ing in the usual way and hardly ever
eome upon any German scouts, but
often enough knocked against
Fallen Germans Disarmed.
"It was one of these times that 1
got shot. I received five bullets
one in the right arm and the rest in
my clothes but my horse was not
.(Concluded on Page JL).
RAMMED AND SUNK
VICTORIOUS BRITISH SHIP RES
CUES ALL BUT ONE OF CREW.
Kaiser Also Loses Torpedo-Boa t De
stroyer in Collision With
LONDON, Nov. 23. 11:35 P. M. The
Secretary of the Admiralty announces
that thsGerman submarine boat U-18,
which was reported off the north coast
of Scotland this morning;, was rammed
by a British patrolling vessel and foun
dered. The patrolling? ship rammed the sub
marine at 12:20 o'clock this afternoon.
The U-18 was not seen again until
1 :20, when she appeared on the surface
flying a white flag.' Shortly after this
she foundered just as the British de
stroyer Garry came alongside. The de
stroyer rescued tnree officers and 23
of the 'submarine b crew, only one be
The names of tne German officers
rescued are Lieutenant Von Henning.
Engineer - Lieutenant Sprenger and
A dispatch to the Exchange Tele
graph Company from Copenhagen says
the Danish steamer Anglodane collided
last night in the Oresund with the Ger
man torpedo-boat destroyer S-124. which
foundered. Two German sailors, accord
ing to the correspondent, were rescued
by the steamer seVlously injured, but
later succumbed. The' remainder of the
crew of the destroyer were drowned.
The submarine boat TJ-1S of the Ger
man navy was built in 1912. She had
a cruising radius of 2000 miles and a
speed of 11 knots above water and 8
- The German torpedo-boat, destroyer
S-124 was built in 1903. She was oi
6500 horsepower and had a speed of 1
knots. She carried a crew of about
TEUTON YSER LOSS 200,000
Lust Attempt to Reach Coast Is Ar
ranged by Germans.
LONDON, Nov. 24. A Times corre
spondent in Flanders, writing under
date of Sunday, says he anticipated a
fresh German attempt to break through
the allied line to Calais, and considers
that this will certainly be their last
attempt because all preparations have
been made for a .retreat in the direc
tion of Bruges, Ghent or Brussels im
mediately. His message continues:
"The new forces gathered in Flan
ders under the Duke of Wurttemburg
are at least - a .fourth new selection
made since the' commencement of the
North Sea campaign. Germans offi
cially estimate that their casualties
during the battle along the Yser tbtal
DELAYED REWARD LARGE
Man Gets $75,000 for Saving Girl
From Drowning 28 Years Ago. ,
MONTVILLE, Conn., Nov. 23. A be
quest of J75.000 is the reward which has
been given to Henry A. Bolles, of this
place, it was learned today, for saving
a little girl from drowning in the
Thames River 28 years ago. The girl
was the daughter of a Mr. Trumbull, of
New York City, and had fallen over
board from her father's yacht. Mr.
Bolles, a boatman at that time. Bald
today he remembered that the father
asked his name, but he had heard noth
ing more since then.
Mr. Trumbull died two weeks ago,
and Mr. Bolles has Just been notified of
the bequest by the executors of the
AMERICANS KEEN TO FIGHT
Canadian Minister Says 100,000
Have Offered to Enlist.
OTTAWA, Nov. 23. One hundred
thousand men in the United States have
offered to enlist in Canada for service
in Europe, according to Major-General
Hughes, Canadian Minister of Militia.
He made the assertion today at the
Canadian Club In reply to questions re
garding the theory that Germans in the
United States might attempt a raid
across the border.
Major-General Hughes said he was in
favor of accepting the men who had
offered themselves. Hundreds of Amer
icans, he aserted, are with- the first
and second contingents. '
64-YEAR SERVICE ENDED
John Laws, Married When 8 6, Sur
vived by Three Children.
H1LLSBORO.' N. C. Nov. 23. Death
from pneumonia ended the 64th year's
service of John Laws as Register of
Deeds of Orange County. Mr. Laws was
93 and it Is believed his record stands as
the longsst continuous service in an
elective office in the United States. He
was elected first in 1850, when the of
fice of Register was established.
j- Mr. Laws leaves three children by his
second wife, to whom he was married
at the age of 88. '
CROWN PRINCE DEFEATED
Kaiser's Heir Dangerously Close to
Warsaw When Checked.
LONDON, Nov. 24. The Daily Tele
graph's Petrograd correspondent inti
mates that the German Crown Prince's
army during the last five days threat
ened "Warsaw, but was severely re
pulsed. The correspondent says, however,
that his. forces arrived alarmingly
close to Warsaw before they were
finally checked, -
SCHOOL LEVY UP TO
Board Adopts 5-MiII Im
post as Enough.
STAMPEDE MAY RAISE TOLL
Lower Figure to Be Adopted
Unless Meeting Is "Packed."
DR. SOMMERS IS FOR 4.8
Meeting' to Be Held at Armory To
night Tax as Proposed Is Ad-'
vocated by Officials as Suf
ficient lot Needs Now.
FACTS -'ABOUT TAXPAYERS
Place Armory, at Tenth and
Time 8 o'clock tonight.
Voters All taxpayers are ellg
. lble to vote.
Business Fixing ' of tax levy
for school purposes. The School
Board has recommended a 1915
levy of 5 mills. Dr. E. A. Som
mer makes a. minority recom
mendation of 4.8 mills.
The Importance of the meeting
and the possibility of residents
of a small part of the city dom
inating the meeting and fixing
the tax levy, makes It advisable
to have a large attendance,' rep
resenting the entire city.
A tax levy of 5 mills, which includes
the purchase of the sites for a school
of trades and Hawthorne school and
the erection of the first unit of the
Franklin High School, is asked for by
the School Board in a budget, which
will be presented for the consideration
of taxpayers tonight at the Armory.
Recommending that the purchase of
ground for the trade school be post
poned. Dr. E. A. Sommer. of the Board,
contributes a minority report to the
budget, fixing the levy at 4.8 mills.
' Five Mills Deemed Enough.
Whether one of these figures will
be adopted or whether there will be
a repetition of last year's taxpayers'
meeting when a stampede of districts
desiring improvements caused the levy
to be raised 2 mills will be decided at
the gathering at the Armory tonight.
The- total amount- of the budget be
lieved to be absolutely necessary by
the School Board, with one dissenting
voice. Is $1,463,000, which can be raised
by a tax of 5 mills. It Is figured that
this will barely cover actual operating
expenses, plus the purchases of two
school sites and the erection of the
Franklin High School's first unit. '
Dr. Sommer for Cat.
Dr. Sommer disagrees with the Board
In the purchase of land for a new
(Concluded on Page 4.)
. .... . . .T. ... j
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TODAY'S Rain. southerly winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 58
degrees; minimum, 44.2 degrees.
German submarine rammed and sunk by
British vena el. Page 1.
Czar's troops again victorious In Poland.
Page 1. -
British aeroplane raid on Zeppelin shed de
clared successful. Pag 6.
Rockefeller food shlo 1 unloaded at Rotter
dam for Belgians. Page 2.
German troops growing Impatient through
delay due to Winter's blasts. Page 8.
Parliament told navy is expected to pre
vent German Invasion. Page 4 .
Ypres. Belgium. Is set aflame by German
hells. Page 4.
Football craze blamed for lack of recruits
in England. Page 2.
United States troops evacuate Vera Crag
, and Mexican flac again flies. Page 1.
Agullar says disturbers of peace at Vers.
Cruz die on spot. Page 2.
President to urge budget system as part of
economy plan. Page T.
Charge of Albert Patrick's pardon being
Dart of business deal la investigated.
Recent election has consigned Roosevelt to
the ranks. Page 5.
Steam schooner Hanalel ashore on Duxburg
reef, near Golden Gate; 68 lives In dire
peril. Page 1.
Confernca managers to fix 1915 schedules
at Spokane December 4-0. Page 14.
Oregon team treats stiffness with high
hopes for Multnomah game. Page 14.
Junior league teams play six shutout games.
Hill and Portland academies call oft last
football game. Pace 15.
Official canvass of state election complete.
Buylnar of horses for France at Baker brings
clash between rival middlemen. Page 3.
Commercial and Marine.
Oats are strongest feature of local grain
market. Page 19.
Wheat higher at Chicago on Argentine news
of black rust. Page 19.
Chicago Etock Exchange opens with higher
prices. Page 19. -
Big run of hogs lowers price, at North
Portland, Page 18.
Port tax to be low next year. Pago 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
Christmas cheer to last all year Is slogan
of Associated Charities. Page 8.
Drafts of proposed laws expected to be
made at Immigration Congress. Page lb.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
Kdsarlans are besieged with requests from
persons desirous of . Joining Fair ex
cursion. Page IS.
Sheriff Word to petition court today to
order recount- of votes. Page 15.
City Engineer's report advises against dos
ing Harriman bridge. Page 13.
Francis Helchter, Portland composer hon
. ored by prominent artists in Chicago.
State Game Warden Flnley, back from East,
to apply for re-appointment on own
merits. Pago 9.
Taxpayers to decide on school levy In meet
ing at-Armory tonight. Page 1.
Unions fail to lift boycott against Orpheom.
Bills at vaudeville houses attract. Page 9.
CITIZENS TO BE GRADUATED
Aliens In Los Angeles District Must
Get School Certificates.-
LOS ANGELES', CaL, Nov. 23. In
stead of familiarizing themselves with
the Constitution, and memorizing the
names of the President's Cabinet, can
didates for citizenship in this district
hereafter will go through a regular
course at Los Angeles High School and
certificates issued to them from that
institution will be accepted in lieu of
the usual examination in court.
Presiding Judge Wood, of the Su
perior Court, said today the plan had
been approved by the Government
bureau of naturalization and the first
class of new . citizens, 21 in number,
will receive their naturalization pa
pers at a "commencement" at the Htgh
School November 25.
LEFT TO THEMSELVES AGAIN.
ASHORE; 58 IN PERIL
Hanalei Grounds on
12 VESSELS STAND BY TO AID
Attempts to Shoot Lines to
Craft on Rocks Futile.
2 PASSENGERS GAIN LAND
Two of Crew Drowned; Vessel From
Eureka Hangs on Duxbury Reer
North of the Golden Gate.. -Lights
SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 24 Tfc-
nne cotter SlcCtillonck reported by
A- M. that ike would at
tempt to take off the Hnniilrl'a B..,n
vers at daybreak.
SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 24. With one
passenger and one seaman drowned and
58 souls aboard the schooner Hanalei,
on Duxbury Reef, a ray of hope en
tered the tragedy early today when
It was learned that five members of
a lifesaving crew, whose boat was up
set and who were supposed to have
been drowned, finally had been dragged
aboard the Hanalel. It was believed
that with their trained co-operation a
line might be got to the boat
"O. K." Measagre Flashed.
As soon as it grew dark the wireless
operators on board the Hanalei were
seen working a Morse lie-ht nnri wir..
less operators ashore communicated
witn tnem by using flash lights. By
this means of communication It won
learned that all were O. K. on board
the craft, which was reported to be
breaking up fast. The Marconi op
erators asnore bade the Imperiled per
sons be of good heart, informing them
that a line would be shot to the vessel
soon and that help was coming.
Line Gu Dispatched.
It is realized that the only possible
hope of saving the remaining passen
gers, officers and crew is to get a line
out from shore. To make this attempt
a San Francisco newspaper arranged to
send a mortar gun and the crew of the
Golden Gate lifesaving station to the
scene of the wreck. A motor truck met
the llfesavers at Saulsalito and began
the long journey around the heads to
a point opposite the stricken schooner.
It was believed the lifesavers would
reach the scene about midnight.
Ona passenger gained the beach. He
is Elwood Schwerin, of Berkeley. An
other passenger, whose name haa not
been ascertained, was washed ashore,
unconscious, but not seriously injured.
At least 12 vessels sTood by the
Hanalei. waiting for dawn, when the
curtain of fogshall lift and reveal
(Concluded on Page 6.)
Monday's War Moves
THE battle which la being fought in
the region between the Vistula and
Warta rivers. In Poland, appears to
have turned in favor of the Russians.
In fact, a special dispatch from Petro
grad to Paris says that the Russian
army already has won a decisive vic
tory. While this may be an exagger
ation, both the Russian and the Ger
man official reports suggest that Gen
eral von Hlndenburg's second thrust at
Warsaw has been checked.
Grand Cuke Nicholas, Commander-in-Chief
of the Russian forces, for two
days in succession has recorded partial
successes In this great battle and to
night the German General Staff says
that the arrival of Russian reinforce
ments has postponed a decision.
Both sides have expressed the great
est confidence in the outcome of this
battle. Grand Duke Nicholas and
General von Hindenburg heretofore
have been so successful In their strat
egy that their adherents look upon
them as almost unbeatable.
The German papers In Berlin only
yesterday were talking of a general
Russian retirement despite the fact that
the Russians have been advancing
steadily in Gallula, have repulsed the
Austro-German attack before Cracow,
hold part of the German territory in
East Prussia and were opposing Gen
eral von Hindenburg's advance on War
saw. It is the same in Petrograd. All
the correspondents declare it is cer
tain that Russian numbers must tell
when the Germans have reached the
ground on which Grand Duke Nicholas
has chosen to give them battle.
While undertaking Immense ta3ks in
the east, the Germans, according to all
accounts, are preparing to launch an
other offensive movement in the west.
Just where this is to be is known, of
course, by the General Staff alone.
It is believed that they will make
another effort to got through to the
French coast and perhaps at the same
time try to force the line of French
fortresses in the Argonne region.
The Germans have been violently
bombarding Ypres in Flanders, Soissons
In the Aisne Valley and Rheims, while
they have been making attacks in force
In the Argonne region. The French
claim that the assaults in the last
named region have t;en repulsed, while
the Germans, la direct contradiction
say that they have been gaining ground
Any or all this activity may be in
tended to divert attention from the
quarter in which the supreme attack is
to be made, but the allies are sure to
discover where they must expect the
next blow. In order to ward oft the
possibility of the Germans again trying
to move along the coast, the British
fleet has been bombarding their po
sitions from the sea. '
Turkey, as usual, reports victories
over the Russians in the Caucasus and
the British In Egypt, but these lack
confirmation. The English, on the
other hand, issued tonight an account
of successful British operations in the
Persian Gulf. The same statement told
of the defeat of a British force sent
against German East Africa.
British naval airmen, including Flight
Lieutenant Slppe, one of those who de
stroyed a Zeppelin shed and an airship
at Dusseldorf before the Germans took
Antwerp, have made a still more uar
Ing raid from French territory over
Frledrlchshafen. According to the avi
ators' account they dropped bombs
which damaged the Zeppelin factory at
that , place. One of the ae ines was
brought down by German suns, but the
others escaped without sustaining
Violent bombardments have destroyed
the, town hall and the central market
at' Tprea, according to official news
This may herald the resumption of
the attempt on the part of the Ger
mans to break the center, held by the
English, of the a Hied line blocking
their way to the coast. This theory
finds some confirmation in the renewed
reports that the Germans are bring
ing up heavy reinforcements through
From Germany there come reports of
feverish activity in the construction of
warships as well as In the manufacture
of Zeppelin airsh4ps. The opinion pre
vails that Germany is not able to com
pete with Great Britian in the con
struction of battleships. Consequent
ly she is devoting greater energy to
the building of an air fleet. Naval con
struction takes relatively second place.
In the Near East TurKlsh forces are
reported in touch of the Suez Canal
and the famous Egyptian camel corps
is said to have had a brush with the
Within Great Britain's own borders
attention has been turned to the sensa
tional affair in the alien concentra
tion camp on the Isle of Man, in which
several of the prisoners were killed. In
a body the interned aliens made a con
centrated attack on their guard, who
seem to have not only suppressed a
mutiny due to discontent with food and
quarters, but to have actually quelled
a desperate attempt to escape.
News from Belgium indicates that the
German troops, unprotected in ruined
villages from the icy blasts of Winter,
are becoming Impatient through the de
lay of a general attack on the' allies,
who are well cared for and well en
trenched in the inundated Belgium
country by frozen dikes.
KAISER'S SON RECOVERING
Prince August, However, Win Be
Invalid Long Time.
AMSTERDAM, via London. Nov. 23.
"Prince August William, fourth son of
the German Emperor, who was injured
in a motor car accident, is improving,
but complete recovery will take a
long time," says the Berlin corre
spondent of the Telegraaf. The corre
Tho report that the Crown Prince
has been wounded has been unfounded."
VERA CRUZ AGAIN
FLIES MEXICAN FLAG
General Funston Quits
WILSON'S POLICY IS ATTACKED
Failure to Make Formal
Transfer Hurts Carranza.
MEXICANS FOLLOW ARMY
Xo Serious Disturbance or Peace
Noted as Americans Leave and
General Agu liar's Men March
In on Heels of Evacuators.
VERA CRUZ, Mexico. Nov. 23. (Spe
cial.) The transport Cristobal, with
the last of the United States troops
aboard, left the dock here this after
noon at 3 o'clock and American occupa
tion of Vera Cruz become history.
Only a few spectators witnessed the
departure. Shortly after the sailing
of the Cristobal 3503 constitutionalist
troops entered the city with three bat
teries of artillery, four companies of
machine guns and 600 cavalry.
The houses of the city were decorated
and in the evening the troops paraded
through the principal streets of the
city. The soldiers have the appear
ance of veterans. They are all well
armed and have plenty of ammuni
tion. A complete hospital corps has
been established and the army has
many automobiles. The majority of
the men are well uniformed.
City Remains Unlet.
The city Is quiet tonight, absolute
order having been maintained. The
constitutionalists entered the city with
bands playing and the citizens gave
them an ovation. Many citizens fled
when the United States troops sailed,
but those who remained were put at
their ease when General Candldo
Agullar, in command of the constitu
tionalists. Issued a proclamation guar
anteeing safety to all Mexicans and
foreigners Irrespective of their political
As a measure of safety Chief of
Police Frezler issued a proclamation
calling on the populace to deliver all
arms and ammunition at his head
Any citizen found to have firearms In
his "possession will face the tiring
squad, says the proclamation. All
known thieves and criminals will be
Saloons Ordered Closed.
All the saloons In the city were or
dered closed and will not be allowed
to reopen until further notice.
During the afternoon word was sent
out that General Agullar would make
an address in the evening. Thousands
of people gathered at the Plaza Armas
to hear what he would have to say.
Minister of Foreign Relations Favila
was the first to speak. He explained
General Carranza's reply to President
Wilson. He attacked Wilson's Mexican
policy, and after he had finished the
crowd cried: "Death to Huerta and
Favila's speech was the only note,
of hostility sounded.
Villa Styled Traitor.
Senator Favila said that Carranza
had agreed to furnish certain guaran
tees In order to bring about the Amer
ican evacuation of the port, and now
that this had been brought about Villa
now asked for its evacuation by the
Carranzlsta forces. He denounced Villa
as a traitor.
He enumerated as the principal fac
tors militating against Mexico's regen
eration Huerta and his non-patrlotlo
acts, Wilson and his ineffective Mex
ican policy, and Villa, "the greatest of
Observers, who wondered at the
strength of General Agullar's forces,
understood when Senor Favila ex
claimed: "Villa will be foughtjto the
last cartridge." There is no doubt that
the Carranzistas will defend Vera Cruz
against the Villistas.
Americana Not Mentioned.
General Agullar spoke in moderate
terms. He did not even mention the
Americans. He assured the populace
there would be no Interference with the
rights of Individuals and that private
property would not be molested.
Agullar told the people that any dis
order would be severely punished and
asked for the support of all citizens
for the ultimate triumph of the Consti
tutional cause. It is planned to make
Vera Cruz the next capital of the re
public After the speech-making In the plaza
the people returned to their homes.
There were few citizens on the streets
at 10 o'clock tonight. Little enthusiasm
v.a3 shown when it was announced that
General Carranza was expected to ar
rive within a short time. Carranza will
bring all the officials of his government
Americans t'nder Protection.
Consul-General Arnold Shanklin has
chartered the Hotel Terminal for
Americans who are afraid- to live in
their residences. The hotel Is at the
waterfront under the guns of the
United States battleship Minnesota,
anchored in the bay.
General Agullar personally raised the
Mexican flag over the municipal pal
ace at 6 o'clock. A company of in
fantry was drawn in front of the build
ing during the ceremony.
General Aguilar in a statement said:
.Concluded ou fas 2.y