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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL,. LIV NO. 16,847.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VICTORY 111 POLAND
Russians Jammed With
Bad Roads in Rear. ,
RETREAT MAY BE CUT OFF
Official Germany Silent; Petro
grad Claims Gains.
CZAR CONCENTRATES ARMY
Poor Condition of Highways and
tack of Railroads Now Declared
to Have Been Overcome Bat
tie Raging in Carpathians.
IOXDOX, Not. 23. The correspond
ent of the Telegraph in Petrograd, re
ports the capture of (iumlilnnpn, In
Northern East Prussia, by the Rus
Gamblnnen, 66 miles southeast of
Ivoenlgsberg, Is the capital of the rot-
eminent district of the same name. Its
population Is about 15.0O0.
BERLIN, via Rome, Nov. 22. Ap
parently no decision has been reached
in the great eastern battle, which is
being fought in the territory between
the "Warthe and the Vistula rivers,
' although Berlin is filled with rumors
of a great victory. No authentic . pri
vate information is available. The of
ficial reports continue" to register a
succession of tactical successes which
may form the basis for a decisive vic
tory. General Von Hlndenburg and Arch
duke Charles Francis of Austria seem
to have accepted battle along a line
highly favorable strategically to press
ing home a central attack against the
Russians Jammed on Bad Roads.
The roads in the Russians' rear are
In a wretched state, the Germans bav
lng accomplished a thorough Job of
destruction on their retirement. The
Russians are Jammed together on three
sides and. .are hampered greatly in
bringing up supplies
The military critic of Vosslche
Zeltung considers the Auatro-German
Situation as extraordlnarly favorable
and declares it gives ground for hope
that the Russians may be cut off en
tirely from a line of retreat. He says
that the success which the Germans
claim near Czenstochowa is particularly
encouraging, as it relieves the situation
on the Silesian frontier.
Austrian Hold Carpathians.
The Austrian reports say that the
Carpathian passes are being held
strongly against the Russian advance.
An official communication today by
the German general army headquarters
"In the eastern war theater the sit
uation remains unchanged. In Poland
we are still fighting for victory. The
fighting south of flock and at Czen
LONDON, Nov. 22. The German col
umn between the Warthe and Vistula
rivers, in Poland, according to today's
official reports from Russian Poland,
which are contained in Petrograd dis
patches, comprises six army corps and
presents a front 55 miles in extent.
Planking Move Impossible.
The two rivers prevent of the flank
ing by either side, says one dispatch,
hence the fighting consists of straight
frontal attacks in which the losses of
both armies are heavy, but neither
Bide so far has been able to gain a
The Germans, according to Petro
grad military observers, cannot ad
vance further in this region, since the
Russian concentration, which was de
layed by bad roads and by lack of rail
roads, now is complete.
The following official report from
the Russian general headquarters was
Issued in Petrograd tonight, and was
contained in the dispatch: .
"The fighting between the Vistula
and the "Warthe continues with great
persistence. We have obtained some
2000 Prisoners Captured.
"The fights on the front of Czensto-
chowa-Cracow have resulted in no es
sential changes. We have taken 2000
prisoneres and some machine guns.
"In Galicia. the Austrians have evac.
uated Novy-Sandez under the pressure
of our troops."
The following official Austrian com
munlcation was received here today:
"We and our ally continue our attacks
successfully in Russian Poland. Sev
eral counter attacks by the enemy have
been repulsed. So far the Austro-Hun-garln
troops have captured 15,000 pris
oners. PEACE POSTERS IN BERLIN
Demands Placarded About City at
Night but Are Torn Down.
LONDON 3:03 A. M.. Nov. 23. The
Copenhagen correspondent of .the Daily
Mail says he learns from Berlin that
placards are posted nightly in the sub
urbs of the German capital demanding
peace and containing threats.
The police tear the posters down, but
they always appear next night, says
the correspondent, and the authorities
do not seem anxious to catch the of
fenders for fear of drawing further at
tention to the peace agitation.
ZEPPELIN HANGAR IS
ATTACKED FROM AIR
BRITISH ATTEMPT DARIXG
RAID AND ALARM GERMANS.
Repulse Is Successful and One Avi
ator Gives Battle Single Handed
After Being Brought Down.
FRIEDERICHSHAFEN. G e T m a n y
(via Berlin. The Hague and London).
Nov. 22. Elaborate precautions which
the Germans have taken for an emer
gency were responsible for the failure
of the raid of three British aviators
who yesterday swooped down on this
city to drop bombs upon the Zeppelin
Anti-aeroplane cannon and machine
guns adapted to high-angle fire de
feated the accomplishment of the dar
ing exploit and succeeded in bringing
down one of the hostile machines and
putting the others to flight.
The presence of the British airmen
above Constance at 2 o'clock was an
nounced to the authorities at Frled
richshafen by telephone. When the
airmen appeared at Friedrichshafen the
anti-balloon cannon and the machine
guns immediately opened fire. The
Englishmen circled above the balloon
hall for some time and dropped six
bombs, two of which came so near the
building as to cause a tremor of ap
prehension among those watching the
novel combat. Two other bombs struck
houses in the city, damaging them se
verely and killing a man and wound
ing a woman.
. One of the flyers then made a fear
less attempt to - cross the hall at a
height of only a quarter of a mile.
Bullets from the guns mounted on the
tops of buildings, however, pierced the
aeroplane's gasoline tank, causing the
fuel to escape and forcing the pilot to
attempt to glide to earth. On the
descent of the machine the airman, a
Lieutenant of the British royal naval
air service named Briggs, threw two
or three more bombs at the hangar.
but they missed their mark and did
The Lieuetentant, on reaching the
ground, defended himself with a revol
ver, but was oaptured after receiving
a slight wound in the head. The point
where the aeroplane landed was only
300 feet from the Zeppelin hall.
The other aviators rose to a great
height and disappeared across Lake
Constance. The wounded man is being
treated at a local hospital.
GERMAN FLEET PREPARES
Decisive Action in North Sea Near,
LONDON. Nov. 22. "Messages from
North Holland say that unusual activ
ity prevails at Emden," says a dispatch
from the Exchange Telegraph Com
pany's correspondet at The Hague.
The telegram continues:
"Fishermen who dally cruise near
the German waters say that the Ger
man fleet is preparing for decisive ac
tion in the North Sea. Prince Henry
of Prussia was at Emden yesterday for
an inspection of the torpedo and sab
LATE CAPTIVES ARE 13,000
Austrians Report Serbs Taken and
Admit Strong Resistance.
VIENNA, via Amsterdam and Lon
don, Nov. 22. An official announce'
ment issued by the Austrian general
staff today says:
"In the Southern war theater power
ful Austrian forces have crossed the
Kolubara River but the Servians are
resisting in several well chosen forti
"Our patrols in the last two days
captured 2440 prisoners. The number
of Servians captured since November 6
PARIS THEATERS TO OPEN
Part of Receipts to Be Devoted to
Relief of Distress.
PARIS. Nov. 22. The French govern
ment has authorized the reopening of
theaters and concert halls ou condition
that part of the receipts be devoted to
the aid of the soldiers and to relieve
distress. The programmes and au
diences will be strictly supervised.
Only moving picture houses and certain
concert halls heretofore have been
The time for closing the restaurants
has been extended from 9:30 o'clockto
CRACOW POLES IN FLIGHT
Fifty. Thousand Flee to Escape Be
ing Shot,- Says Report. .
PARIS, Nov. 22. The military gov
ernor of the Austrian fortress of
Cracow has published a decree, says a
dispatch from Rome to the Havas
agency, warning civilians that if they
do not quit the city they will be cor
ralled and shot.
As a result of the ordinance, the dis
patch adds, 60,000 Poles took immedi
ate flight In all directions, adding their
sufferings to those of the Gallcian
RUSSIANS MINE BLACK SEA
Sailings at Night Are Forbidden
From Many Harbors.
PETROGRAD, via London. Nov. 22.
It was officially announced today that
the Russian littoral of the Black Sea
has been mined in many places for a
distance of 60 miles out from the coast.
Ships are absolutely forbidden to sail
at night in or out of Russian ports on
the Black Sea, through the mouths of
the rivers Dneiper and Bug and in the
Gulf of Kertch.
REACH SUEZ CANAL
Heavy Losses to Brit
ENEMY IS NEAR PORT SAID
Nine-Hour Battle Is Fought
Along Persian Boundary.
GUNBOAT HAS EXPLOSION
Commander of British Forces Is Re
ported Wounded Rebels at Port
Said Flogged by Authori
ties After Riots.
LONDON, Nov. 23. Reuter"s Con
stantinople correspondent in a dispatch
sent by way of Berlin gives the follow
ing official Turkish statement:
"The Turkish troops have reached
the Suez Canal. In fighting near El
Kantara the British suffered heavy
losses and took to flight."
El Kantara is a port on the right
bank of the canal about 25 miles south
of Port Said.
Nine-Hour Battle Reported.
The Amsterdam correspondent of
Router's Telegram Company says:
"A heavy battle lasting nine hours
occurred on November 18 along the
Shat-el-Arab River (this river empties
into the Persian gulf and forms part
of the boundary between the Persian
and Turkish dominions) between Brit
ish and Turkish troops. The British
losses were heavy. Captured British
soldiers declare that the wounded in
cluded the British commander.
British Gunboat Is Struck.
"One shot from the Turkish gunboat
MarmarlB hit a British gunboat and
caused an explosion. Details are not
BERLIN, Nov. 22 via wireless to
Sayvllle. N. Y.) The British authori
ties, after suppressing a riot at Port
Said, at the entrance of the Suez canal,
flogged the rebels.
TURKS MURDER CHRISTIANS
Three Killed and Stores Pillaged at
Treblzond, Says Report.
PARIS, Nov. 22 According to a
Havas agency dispatch at Athens from
Constantinople today, a Targe part of
the Turkish garrispn at Adrianople has
been transported to Trebizond. Asiatic
Turkey, where the soldiers have pil
laged the stores of Christians.
Three Christians are reported to have
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 62
degrees; minimum. 36 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rain; southwestr!y
Kaiser perfects plans for Invasion of Eng
land, Page 1.
German victory in Poland Is rumored in
Berlin. Page J,
Turks reach Suez Canal; British losses re
ported, heavy. Pass 1.
Russians admit discovery of revolutionary
plot. Face 2.
Leader of Irish volunteers makes friendly
visit to German Government. Page o.
Daring raid bv British airmen on Zeppelin
causes Germans apprehension. Page 1.
Uhlan's diary tells of advance toward Ant
werp. . . Page 5.
British bankers block plan for $100,000,000
credit fund. Faia 2.
Richard Harding- Davis denounces stupid
censorship ot accomplished facts ox war.
Traveler rays State Department suppresses
facts of British infringement of Ameri
can rights in China. Page S.
Canadian - Australian - Japanese squadron
using Mexican islands as base of oper
ations. Page 2.
British observer reports Ypres still in hands
of allies. Page 2.
American flag to be hauled down la Vera
crux today. Page 1.
Colorado preparing to assert sovereignty
over lawless coal-mining districts. Page 4.
Norman E. Mack. National Democratic com
mitteeman, advocates .upward rewision of
Underwood tariff. Page S.
Prosperity shown In report of State Bank
Superintendent. Page 8. .
Commission sent abroad by Oregon to in
vestigate recommend adoption of Eu
rope's mortgage credit plan tor farms.
Lawyers predominate in next Legislature.
Investigation of several theories throws no
light on murder ot Otto Ludke near
Horn's Corners. Page 6.
Four bir football games on Thanksgiving
bill for Northwest. Page 10.
Only Multnomah Club scalps to satisfy Ore
gon University team. Page 10.
Fisher and Howard star batsmen ot Coast
League. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Frank Cofflnberry resigns as manager of
Orpheum and is succeeded by Thomas R.
Conlon, son-in-law of John W. Consldine.
Portland women believe war will mean
American styles. Page 4.
Study of healing by prayer urged by Dr.
Frank L. Loveland. Page 11.
Crowd attracted by Orpheum show taxes
seating capacity of Heillg Theater. Page
Fellow-nollcemen act as escort to body of
accident victim. Page .
New shows at movlng-plcture houses are
stellar. Page 4.
"Merely Mary Ann." at Baker Theater. Is
charming production. Page 14.
Muts relfeve many cases of poverty -and
plan to help others. - Page 9.
Scarcity of ships only barrier to heavier
exports of pats. Page 11.
Joseph Buchtel celebrates 84th birthday.
Thanksgiving turkey to sell at 25 cents and
20 cents a pound.. Page 9.
Seizure of banned plumage on milady's hat
seems Imminent. Page 7.
Oregon Senators pledge aid to harbors.
Page 11- '
Weather, report, data and forecast. Page 11,
DE WET ESCAPES WITH 25
Command Surrounded on Vaal River
and Greater Part Surrenders.
LONDON. Nov. 23. A dispatch to
Reuter's Telegram Company from Pre
. "It is officially announced that Gen
eral, de Wet's rapidly dwindling rebel
command became surrounded by loyal
forces in the vicinity of Boshof on the
Vaal River. General de Wet succeeded
In escaping with only 25 men. The re
mainder of his force surrendered."
A WORD TO THE WISE.
TO fJTVERA CRUZ
Funston.to Haul Down
NO FACTION IS RECOGNIZED
Forces Told Simply to Pack
Up and Withdraw.
REFUGEES TO LEAVE, TOO
More Than $1,000,000 Collected as
Customs Duties to Be Held Vn
til Government Is For
"WASHINGTON. Nov. 22. Brigadier
General Funston's Infantry and Ma
rines, numbering about 6000. under or
ders from President Wilson, will haul
down tomorrow the Stars and Stripes,
which have been flying over Vera Cruz
since Rear-Admiral Fletcher. seized that
port last April as an act of reprisal In
retaliation for affronts to the American
flag at Tampico, after General Huerta
had refused to comply with a demand
by Rear-Admiral Mayo for a salute of
Forces to Be Withdrawn.
It Is the determination of the United
States Government to withdraw Its
forces and thereby remove a possible
cause of international friction, as well
as a potential factor that might become
a domestic Issue as between the two
factions in Mexico.
Pains has been taken that in the
withdrawal no faction shall be recog
nized. All elements In Mexico united in ask
ing the American forces to evacuate
and pledged guarantees asked by
Men to Pack; Up and Go.
General Funston has instructions
simply to pack up and withdraw his
men, bringing away any Mexicans who
fear to remain, as well as all customs
money collected during the American
occupation with copies of the port and
The $1,000,000' or more collected will
be held until a government is formally
The American marines will be taken
to the League Island Navy-Yard, Phil
adelphia, and the troops to their camp
at Texas City.
ENTRY BY VILLA IS DELAYED
Railway Leading to Mexico Torn Up
by Cnrr&nza Troops.
EL PASO, Tex.. Nov. 22. The occu
pation by Villa troops of Mexico City
(Concluded on Page 8.)
Sunday's War Moves
THE veil of secrecy has been drawn
over the battles between Russians
and the Austro-German forces.-The head
quarters of both armies now are con
fining themselves to the briefest state
ments concerning the hostilities, say
ing merely that fighting Is in progress.
News coming from unofficial sources.
however, shows that the German ad
vance has penetrated farther into Po
land than had been disclosed previous
ly and that Warsaw la threatened for
a second time.
General von Hindenburg's armyi has
advanced as far as the Lowlcz-Skler-nlewlce
line, which means that the
Germans have covered two-thirds of
the ground to the Polish capital, from
which they are now only 40 miles dis
tant. Farther south in Poland, how
ever, the Teuton allies are said to
have been repulsed between Radom and
The battle in East Prussia seems to
have died down, but the Russians con
tinue to advance In Galicia and are
still fighting on the Czehstochowa
Cracow front. -
The battle in Poland In the direc
tion of Lowlcz is the most critical one.
The Germans express confidence in
General von Hlndenburg, but in London
and in Petrograd military observers
express the opinion that Russia's over
whelming superiority in numbers of
men again may ten.
In Flanders and In France the armies
seem to be enjoying a long-deserved
rest, for the only remaining evidence
that the belligerents are facing each
.other is an occasional bombardment
with ' heavy guns. Infantry attacks
have temporarily ceased and the men
are getting a chance to rest and to
tidy themselves up after a month In
the water-soaked trenches.
An eyewitness with the British
headquarters in a long statement made
public yesterday gives official confirm
ation of the reported heavy losses the
Germans have suffered in their at
tacks on Ypres. He speaks of decimat
ed battalions, of hundreds of dead left
before the trenches and of batcbes of
bodies found in farmhouses.
The casualty lists of British officers
show that the British forces have also
suffered severely In the fighting.
The Servians are making a stand
against the Austrians In well-chosen
fortified positions on the Kalubara
River, but as the Austrians command
superior forces and Servla" Is without
allies near enough to offer her as
sistance, it seems apparent that un
less other Balkan states come into the
war Servla, is faced with defeat.
The recruiting campaign, which la
being carried on throughout the Brit
ish Isles, resulted yesterday in bring
ing many men to the colors. Troops
with banners flying and bands play
ing marched today through the east
end of London to Victoria Park, where
speakers addressed the crowds from
early morning until late tonight-
TURKS BOMBARD RUSSIANS
Cruiser and Torpedo-Boat Flotilla
Appear Off Tuapse.
PETROGRAD, Nov. 2S. The follow
ing communication from the General
Staff of the Russian army In the Cau
casus was Issued today:
"November 20 the Turkish cruiser
Hamidieh, followed by a flotilla of
torpedo-boats appeared off Tuapse,
hurling 125 projectiles into the neigh
borhood. The Russian artillery imme
diately replied effectively. Our losses
consisted of three soldiers and a Sister
of Charity wounded, one civilian killed
and 10 other civilians wounded. The
material 'damage was Insignificant.
"Toward Erzeroum one of our col
umns has made important progress
above Juzveran. ' Our advance posts
continue to tread the heels of the
Turks. Other detachments are Inac
tive." BRITISH SHIP MAY BE PRIZE
Passengers and Crew Are Landed
by Steamer of oFe.
BUENOS ATRES. Nov. 22. The Ger
man steamer Sierra Cordoba arrived
here and debarked the passengers and
crew of the British steamer Ln Corren
tlna and the crew of the French ship
The Sierra Cordoba left Montevideo
October 17 for an unknown destination.
The last report of La Correntlna was
that she was overdue at Liverpool on a
voyage from Buenos Ayres. The Union
left Port Talbot, Wales, September 6
for Valparaiso. It Is believed German
commerce-destroying cruisers have
again been active.
TURKS CLAIM VICTORIES
Russians and British Losses Are
Heavy, Says Report.
BERLIN, Nov. 22 (via wireless to
Sayvllle, L. L) The Turkish Embassy
made public here today reports of a
victory for General Liman von Sanders,
the German commander of the Turkish
forces near Eatum, Asiatic Russia, in
which the Turks say they inflicted
heavy losses on the enemy.
Unofficial reports from Turkey Bay
the Ottoman troops were victorious
over the Russians and British. The
Russians are said to have been driven
back farther in the Caucasus region,
and are reported to have suffered heav
ily in the Van district, being driven
beyond the Chursk River.
POPE MAKES FIRST TALK
Fifty Thousand Persons Hear Ad
dress in St. Peter's.
ROME. Nov. 22. For the first time
since his election Pope Benedict today
delivered an address In St. Peter's.
Fifty thousand people heard his holi
ness speak on "Faith."
Afterwards the te deum was intoned.
KAISER LAYS PLANS
TO ENTER ENGLAND
Calais to Be Captured
at All Costs.
GREAT NEW GUN RELIED ON
Channel to Be Swept of Mine
Fields by Flatboats.
PREPARATIONS ALL MADE
Fifty Factories Busy Turning- Out
Parts of Zeppelins and Perfect
Dirigible Is Being Turned
Out Every Three Days.
BT P.ICHARD C. KLEGIX.
(Correspondent of the London Telegraph.
By special cable.)
LONDON. Nov. 22 (Special.) Be
lieving as I do. after contact with the
soldiers and civilians of all the nations
under arms ln Europe, that there are.
heroes under every flag. I believe I am
unprejudiced ln this war. But I believe
firmly that the Germans will invade
England. An outllneof the plan of in
vasion has been described to me.
When the Kaiser opened the "war
game" he had several weapons under
cover of which the world knew nothing.
The Krupp's newest siege guns, the
most formidable on earth; the 42-centimeter,
the 32-centimeter and. above
all. the 61-centlmeter, which hurls a
tremendous highly explosive projectile
a tremendous distance, have been de
scribed to me.
Calais to Be Taken at All Costs.
The Kaiser has ordered Calais taken
at any cost. Capture it he will if it
costs an army corps for each 61-centimeter
gun planted on its steel and con
crete foundation ln Calais, with Its ter
rifle muzzle pointing toward Dover cas
tle. Krupp experts will place the guus
The Kaiser possesses eight of these
61-centlmeter guns that 1 know of. He
will plant them, in Calais if it costs
eight army corps.320.000 men. Of this
I am assured.
From Calais to Dover the English
channel is only 22 miles. It is said the
new gun will shoot 30 miles. Now, as
for Germany's plan to Invade England.
No one knows Its details - better than
Lord Kitchener, one of the best soldiers
on earth. Military experts of at least
four nations have told me that had
Great Britain made Lord Kitchener all
powerful over her army three years ago
the world would be at peace now. The
Kaiser has the greatest respect for
Nine Searching: Barges Ready.
The River Elbe for miles up from its
mouth contains thousands of floats,
rafts and specially-constructed flat
boats of deep draught, all propelled by
petrol motors. I have seen them. After
the Germans have captured Calais, after
the 61-centimeter guns are in position .
at Calais, many of these floats and
rafts in the Elbe will be sent wild
without crews into the English Chan
nel between Calais and Dover, to ex
plode the mines which the English have
planted there almost as thickly as stur
geon eggs are packed in a. tin of
A tremendous artillery fire will be
kept up, although each mine exploded
will cost a raft or float. At the same
time a large fleet of Taube aeroplanes
will invade the air over the English
coast, dropping bombs, intended to
throw into panic the people of Dover
and of neighboring towns.
Zeppelins Building Feverishly.
There will be 200 or 300 of these
Taubes. Britain has no such aero
plane force to engage them in aerial
Closely following ; the Taubes a
fleet of Zeppelin dirigibles will pro
tect the Channel, attack Dover and.
indeed, London. I know that an In
credible number of Zeppelins have
been built with feverish haste ln Ger--many
in the last few months. Fifty
factories are making different parts
of Zeppelins and these parts are being
assembled so expeditiously that a per
fect Zeppelin is turned out every tnree
The combined attack of the Zeppe
lins, the German general staff ex
pects, will silence the British Dat
terles at or near Dover and put to
flight the defending forces more than
eight miles inland from Dover, which
is to say out of range of the German
61-centimeter guns at Calais.
Zeppelin Bombs Incendiary.
Each of these new Zeppelins carries
at least four-tons weight of high ex
plosive or petrol bombs. The latter,
bursting Into flames when they strike,
ignite anything Inflamable.
Behind the Zeppelins will approach
the English coast remember. I am
telling only the sketchy outline of the
German plan, of which I have been
informed the submarines and the
small, fast cruisers, preceding the
German dreadnoughts. These will
take the line cleared of mines by the
floats. If the German plan goes well,
the English and French ileets can
offer little resistance to the Invasion,
for It has been proved off the Belgian
coast that the allies' battleships dared
not come Within range even of the Ger
man 42-centimeter guns.
Following the German fleet - will
steam an armada of transports and
great, deep flatboats, carrying the
German army of invasion. The pur-
(Concluded ou 1'uge 2.)