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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1900)
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THE MOUSING OREGOSflAN, MONDAY, JANTTABY 1, 1900,
j -i -vmgfi
Population Increased From2250
to 4500 In 1899.
ARID LANDS REDEEMED BY WATER
St&ilroads Unlit to Tap the Rich. Sur-
rouatUna: Country Investment
of eastern Capital.
There are 6everal substantial reasons
srhy Lewiston made astonishing progress
.during' 189. Plrst of all should he men
tioned the prime cause of all "Western
development the railroad. The coming of
the railroad should also he mentioned first
because It got a lair start before the close
Kit 1E98. The first train Into Lewistcn; ar
rived on the afternoon of September 5,
1B9S. It brought 2G freight cars loaded
with merchandise. By the beginning of
im the freight tariffs had all been ad
Justed to lit the new conditions, and the
road was on a working basis. The North
ern Pacific management has never had
cause to regret the building of the line.
It Is safe to say that the business sur
prised the most conservative element In
the Northern Pacific management Each
day -witnessed a eteady growth in the
freight flnfl passenger aepartments. When
the total additions were made in 'Octo
ber, 2S9, the increase in business was
CoubiB that of October, 1S9S. At the) close
cf 3fi9 the figures showed that Lewiston
Is the most Important station on the en
tiro road, except Fargo, N. D. This, of
course, means that the big cities must be
itlt out of the calculation. Lewiston has
passed North Yakima and Billings, which
tiere Its formidable rivnls during the
trst half of 1899. It was no doubt the
remarkable growth in revenue at this
polr.t that has made the Northern Pa
cflc 60 eager to extend Its lines, and
control the rapidly increasing business pf
He would be but a poor historian who
wouid leave out of his calculations l?r
the year the rush of prospectors to Buf
falo Hump. It was simple good fortune
and nothing else that placed Lewiston
en the main trail to this famous mining
district. The sensational discovery and
the tremendous bond that was placed on
the Big Buffalo mine attracted the at
tention of the entire world. Prospectors
"hit the trail" and stopped at Lewiston
ty the thousands while on their way to
the m'nes. Such an event could not fall
ta bccelt the town. Many men joined In
the stampede who never went beyond
Lewiston, but tvere content to settle down
and invest their money In a place that
teemed to have a bright future. They are
fcr jet, and do not regret the lucky
car tfrat guided them to a climate so
cental and a soil so productive. The Buf
fa o Hump mines, being quartz propo
c tions, are slow In development; yet men
c? rare Juflgmont pronounce them, rich1 In
Many Jfeir Business Houses and
If the erection of handsome and sub
stantial buildings Is an evidence of pros
perity, then Lewiston is on the wave of
ur exampled progress. There were built
during the year dwellings and business
biorks the aggregate cost of which was
$500 000. The amount was about epually
dU-'ded between the two kinds of 'bulld
ngs. Among the business blocks, some
at them made of brick and stone and iron,
may be mentioned the following:
f'Vm'rtiMi "EVanouR Adams, of Boston.
office building 520.000J
Cn&. Wclsgerber, office buliamg. s.uou
tifcrJt "WntafrarhA- hrp"nrrv a d"dlrf6tf 20.000
S. Ridenthaler, office building..... 7.00oq
Lewiston Mercantile Co., wholesale '
grocery - - 3,000
John P. Vollmer, telephone building 3,500
Dennis Holland, De France hotel,
Eugene Bonhore. frame hotel i.. 3.000
h G Isaman. hotel and restaurant. S,000
Lewiston Milling Co., frame flour
mill r .ooo
Put ic school building. 17.000
Norra.il school dormitories 6,400
WiJLjn Bollinger, hotel and restau
rant i.- 7.000
Robert Grosteln, store buildings and
The Adams building Is three stories
high, and is heated by hot water and
.ghted by electricity. On the upjier floor
is a public hall. The addition to the
Yi elsgerber brewery is to contain an arti
ficial ice plant, the cost of which is not
Included In the original cost of the im
prot ements. Fully 103 dwellings were
built during the year, among fwhlch may
.4e mentioned the following
Vk F Kettenbach S 9.000
Juhn P. Vollmer 10,000
LC&s Bros. 4,000
1, W. Leoper 3,000
Sheriff John Rozen 2,000
Earn McFarland 2,700
L.XS. Ld McConvllle 2,500
i aarles Francis Adams 3,500
F D. Culver ..-., 2.500
George Kester - , 3,000
Carus Thatcher 1 2,000
The building operations qf the city are
a J the more remarkable when It is con
sidered that Lewiston has a population
of only 4W0, fully one-halG of which was
aaed during the year. In the census of
liS) the town is given a population of
KB. At the beginning of 1S9 It had about
The Lewiston postofflce Is a good cri
terion of growth. The mall handled at the
Lew iston postofflce between October 3 and
November C, 1S96, was as fallows: First
ciass matter, 71C pounds; second-class, 874
pounds, third and fourth class, 5S7
pounds, government matter, 57 pounds;
mall sacks, 916 pounds; total, 3590 pounds.
The total amount of mall matter sent
out over the Northern Pacific, including
atl mall weighed in transit; amounted to
6C5 pounds. The receipts of the Lewis
ton office for October. 1899, were 5979 16.
For the year ending September 30, 1899,
th.0 receipts of the office were: First quar
ter $2u38 59; second quarter, $206-1; third
quarter, $2261: fourth quarter, $2264; total.
$KTT5 09. At the present rate of Increase, j
the annual receipts will soon Teach $10,000
Then Lewiston will be entitled to a free
deliver system. If other conditions meet
the requirements of the postal laws.
Development of the Surrounding:
Leaing the city of Lewiston proper,
and considering the Improvements In the
immediate viclnty. there are even more
remarkable evidences of prosperity. Three
years ago, E. H. Libby made tne dis
covery that directly across the Snake
river Xrom Lewiston, in Washington,
there was an arid tract containing up
wards of 3000 acres. He tested the soil
and found that It was equal in rich
ness to that of the valley of the Nile,
1o get water for Irrigation was the seri
ous problem. Mr. Libby hired a sur
veyor and had maps made, showing that
ty building a ditch for a distance of 16
ml es water could be brought from Aso
tin creek, and the whole tract Irrigated.
With his maps and charts, Mr. Libby
wen to Boston and succeeded In lnterest
ira: a number of capitalists. He came
music witn 5300,600. and began to make
imr roi-ements. He built the ditch and
flooded the soiL The land seemed to drink
tp the whole stream, so arid was It
But after a while there was a transfor
mation. Flowers sprang up as If by
magic All vegetation began to flourish.
ard a veritable paradise was In prospect
The soil sent forth Its best products in
atr.5?ice, and the garden-homo district
r Ireland became a reality. It was
-'.and then and Is vlneland now. al-
jjgh the postofflce Is named Concord.
fie postoffice is about to be changed to
Bee historic name of Clarkston. When
the rhange is made the twin cities of the
F-rke river valley will be Lewiston and
Clarkston. named for the two great ex-
plorers Lewis and Clark who first
reached the valley hxHSOS.
But what of Vlneland In the year of our
Lord 18S9? When th'e year was young,
carload after carload of steel trusses were
brought from Pittsburg and thrown
across the Snake river, connecting the
two states of Idaho and Washington.
The steel beams also bound together the
commercial Interests of the Snake river
valley. Who paid for the bridge? "Why,
the indefatigable Mr. Libby had again
made a trip to Boston, and came back
with $110,000 to pay for one of the finest
wagon bridges in the Pacific Northwest
Tne bridge was opened to traffic June 24,
1899. Its length, Including approaches, Is
1700 Xeet, and the weight of steel Is 636
tons. The bridge was built to promote the
interests of Vlneland, and to furnish the
connecting-link of an electric street rail
way. During 1829 Vlneland doubled lt3
population, Increasing from 800 to 1600.
Fully 175 buildings were erected. They
cost upwards of $100,020. Many of the
residences -are small, belonging to gard
eners, who cultivate from five to 10 acres.
As thB year closed the largest single
Investment in Vlneland was being made.
Mr. Libby made another trip to Boston in
October, and came back with $550,000 to
invest This time the undertaking is the
construction of a complete electric power
plant, and an extensive pipe line sys
tem. The power plant includes an elec
tric street railway, crossing the steel
bridge, and furnishing transportation be
tween the two towns-. It also will furnish
power fpr manufacturing and electricity
for house and street-lighting. When the
OREGON CADETS AT WEST POINT MILITARY ACADEMY
Since 1850, twenty-one young men have been appointed from Oregon as
cadets at the United States military academy at West Point Ten of theso
graduated and entered the service. Five were assigned to the cavalry
branch, two each to the Infantry and engineer corps, and one to the
artillery. Four of the 21 failed to report at the academy for examination,
one resigned, one was discharged, two were deficient at the Initiatory
examination, one was discharged for physical disability, and two are at
present at the academy. The full list of appointments follows:
1850-Ioseph H. Cornwall; failed to report.
1852 Thomas J, McCarver) failed to report
1853 Samuel Cooper; failed t,o report.
1854 July 1 Edward T. Jennings; resigned March 4, 1855.
1855 July 1 John Adair, Jr.; graduated May 6, JLS61; promoted second lieu
tenant First cavalry.
1861 Volney Smith; deficient at initiatory examination June, 1861.
1862 James Stephens; failed to report.
1863 July 1 Medorem 'Crawf ord. Jr.; graduated June 17, 1867; promoted sec
ond lieutenant Second artillery.
1867 July 1 Frederick Schwatka; graduated June 12, 1871; promoted second
lieutenant Third cavalry.
1871 July 1 George L. Scott; graduated June 16, 1875; promoted second lieu
tenant Sixth cavalry.
1875 July 1 Edward H. Brooke; discharged June 26. 1877.
1878 July 1 WoodbrJdge Geary; graduated June 13, 1882; promoted addi
tional second lieutenant Nineteenth Infantry.
1SS2 July 1 Edward C. Brooks; graduated July 1, 1SS6; promoted second
lieutenant Eighth cavalry.
1SS6 July 1 Milton F. Davis; graduated June 12, 1890; promoted second
lieutenant Fourth cavalry.
1890-June 17 William B. Ladue; graduated June 12, 1890; promoted second
lieutenant, corps of engineers.
1893 June 21 Harold B. Flske; graduated June 11, 1897; promoted addi
tional second lieutenant Fourteenth Infantry.
1894 June 15 Amos A. Fries; graduated April 26, 1S98; promoted addi
tional second lieutenant, corps qf engineers.
1897 June 19 Edward N. Johnston; present member of the second class.
189S Rockey D. Hodgkln (principal); deficient at Initiatory examination,
189S June IS Leo E. Shellberg (alternate); discharged October 24, 1S98. on
account of physical disability.
1899 June IS Clifton M. Butler; present member of the fourth class.
power plant and pipe line system are com
pleted, the Boston syndicate will have In
vested $1,000,000 in Lewiston valley.
Extension of Railroad Lines.
The, doings of the year cannot be told
without mentioning the construction of
new. railway lines. The Northern Pacific
has reached the famous Camas prairie
country by the construction of two lines,
both of which run out of Lewiston. The
first line is 23 miles long, and follows
Lapwal creek towards its source. The
second Is 78 miles in length, and follows
'the main stream of the Clearwater to
where the middle and south forks meet.
These Sines began operations in Novem
ber, except on the upper part of the Clear
water branch, where unavoidable acci
dents delayed the train service. All over
the great Camas prairie country the march
of progress has been unabated. An
other year will witness a transformation
that will set the world to wondering.
Lewiston, Idaho. A. R. FLANDERS.
HAMMOND PACKING COMPANY
Known From Ocean to Ocean for the
Excellency of Their Products.
Situated at the northeast corner of East
Oak and Water streets, in this city. Is the
plant of the Hammond Packing Company,
packers and shippers of provisions and
During a recent visit our representative
was shown through the various depart
ments of this large concern, and was sur
prised to note the voluire of business done
by this enterprising company, as well as
the care exercised as to cleanliness and
quality In the preparation of their goods
for the market All of their products are
shipped in their own refrigerator cars, of
which they operate over 1000. Upon ar
rival here the cured meats are carefully
washed, after which they are hung In
one of their large and commodious smoke
houses, where they are allowed to dry
thoroughly, and aro then smoked until
they acquire that rich golden color which
appears so appetizing to the. epicure.
The Hammond Packing Company have in
connection with their establishment a
United States government meat Inspector,
under whose vigilant eye every piece of
meat must pass before. It Is sent out for
consumption, thus guaranteeing It to be
absolutely free from blemish or signs of
disease; this fact being attested to by the
government stamp upon each case or
By a careful study of the wants of their
patrons this company has, .since establish
ing their Oregon branch eight years ago,
succeeded In building up the largest packing-house
business in the Northwest, so
that today their famous "Coin Special"
and "Calumet" brands are referred to by
all as the standard of excellence.
During the tour of Inspection it was
gratifying to see the large number of em
ployes which it requires to handle a busi
ness of this kind, as that means a large
payroll in our midst, and we are informed
that thousands of dollars are distributed
each year for help, material, etc., by this
company, all of which Is spent with our
1 a t
A "Wide-Awalte and Enterprising
Portland Butcher and Packer.
Not a few of Portland's well-known citi
zens came from the New England states,
and among these may be mentioned
Thomas Duffy, who left his home in
Massachusetts during the year 1877, com
ing directly to this city and connecting
himself with a retail butcher business.
In 1SSS Mr. Duffy launched forth In the
same business on his own account, his
store being located on the corner of First
and Jefferson streets. About three years
ago he moved to the corner of First and
Madison, establishing what is known as
the Empire Market more lamlllarly desig
nated among his many customers as
From .the very commencement of his
career, Mr. Duffy believed that honesty
Is the best policy. With him one pound
always means 16 ounces in buying or sell
ing, and quality is an essential considera
tion. Furthermore, the neat, attractive
appearance of his well-equipped store com
bined with courteous treatment to all has
enabled Mr. Duffy to build up a business
running Into hundreds of dollars dally.
Not only does he supply many of our
best families, but also the principal hotels
and restaurants. He confines his atten
tion strictly to the retail xind wholesale
butcher business, bears an excellent repu
tation, and his ever-Increasing patronage
is ample testimony to ills popularity and
RUCTION OF SILK
Industry Specially Adapted to
Oregon's Soil and Climate.
COQU1LLE EXPERIMENT SUCCESSFUL
mulberry Trees Planted Several
Years Ago Will Soon Bo
To Oregon's many valuable Industries,
peculiarly adapted to her soil and climate,
may be added the culture of silkworms.
The industry has, through a series of
experiments made at Coqullle City, been
fully demonstrated to be practicable. In
1S93 the Southern Oregon silk station was
founded by the writer, and silkworm eggs
and Instruction books were introduced
among- his neighbors -and the neighboring
villages. The Institution has been tem
porarily closed for the past two year,
not because of any failure arising. from
the raising of silkworms or difficulty In
ooooeo a oeeo .
reeling silk off the cocoons, but from
considerations of economy. The mulberry
trees are still too young to put the in
stitution on a paying basis. Besides,
there Is the further obstacle which all
such new enterprises are very apt to en
counter, a lack of money to support them,
while they are in the state of infancy.
Tet it is gratifying to note that the mul-i
berry trees, numbering over 3000, which
were planted a few years ago In different
parts of the state, will, in the course of a
few more years, supply enough leaves to
feed ajarge army of silkworms, and thus
enable us amply to support a central sta
tion. In Europe and Asia, where silk is pro
duced, each district has a central station,
called a filature, which purchases cocoons
from Its co-operators. The filature Is
also an experimental station, where an
expert is kept to test the adaptability of
new varieties of silkworms, or practica
bility of improving old stocks. The Insti
tution is managed somewhat similar to
our creameries. Such an institution can
not fail so long a3 there are enough of
the patrons or co-operators.
Nature of the Silkworm, and Its Cul
ture. Every animal undergoes certain meta
morphoses from germination to maturity;
some within the mother, as mammals;
others after hatching of the eggs, as In
the amphibia; and still others by alternate
generation, or series of transformations,
in which apparently distinct animals oc
cur, as in the parasite worms, dlstomum.
which appears in four distinct forms, viz.,'
larva, radla, cercaria and dlstomum, any
one of which, when seen by the side of
the other, would seem a different animal.
Yet the last produces the egg from which
the first comes, and which finally results
In a dlstomum. Thus, the silkworm ap
pears in four distinct stages, viz , egg,
larva or worm, pupa or chrysalis, and
The time of hatching of the eggs is
generally reckoned by the time when
mulberry trees begin to push forth their
leaves. This is usually in May in Ore
gon. The tiny eggs. 40 000 of which weigh
only an ounce, resemble mustard seeds,
being nearly round and slightly flat They
are spread upon a clean paper In a tray,
and put in a room or incubator In which
is kept a temperature of approximately
70 degrees, Fahrenheit They are stirred
several times In a day, with a small
camelshalr brush, so that the heat may
act uniformly upon all the eggs. Within
the incubator a small basin of water Is
placed to keep the air from extreme dry
ness. In about a week the eggs wJl hatch
and tiny worms will crawl out. Feeding
commences when about one-half of the
entire lot make their appearance.
The newly hatched worms are but one
eighth of an inch in length, but growth is
rapid, and they attain a length of more
than three' inches in the course of 30 or
40 days. The worms undergo five periods,
which are. distinguished by different
moultings. The period between each
moult is called the age. There are five
ages, viz.: First, between the hatching of
the eggs and the first moult; second,
between the first and second moults;
third, between the second and third
moults; fourth, between the third and
fourth moults; fifth, between the fourth
moult and the maturity. Before each
moult, the worms also undergo a certain
sickness, In which they are unable to eat
for several hours. The period of illnes3
varies from 24 to 42 hours.
Taldnsr Care of the "Worms.
The first age commences when the
worms are hatched. Special pains are
taken In growing the worms uniformly,
that Is, to keep them in an equal age.
For this reason they are fed from eight
to 12 times In a day, giving them more
than enough of mulberry leaves, which
are cut to a size pf about one-eighth of
an inch square. Temperature of the room
is kept at about 70 degrees Fahrenheit
From the second until the last age, the
worms are kept In a natural temperature
so far as Is practicable, although under
no circumstances" Is the temperature of
the room allowed to fall below 75 degrees.
Once a day, the trays In which the w orms
are reared are cleaned. This Js donet just
before a feeding, by mearis of netting.
The worms are covered with a net such as
mosquito bar. specially made for the pur
pose to suit the size of worms, and fresh
mulberry leaves are spread upon it, The
worms- soon crawl upon the net to feed
on the leaves Two persons then take the
net by the corners and remove It with
the worms Into another tray.
The worms, during the last four ages,
are fed from five to eight times a day.
In all, covering a period of about 40 days,
reckoned from the time the eggs are.
hatched, the worms will be matured.
They are removed at once into cocoonery,
to spln their, cocoons. Cocoonery la a,
dark, room filled with dried branches and
wigs of hemlock trees, among which silk
worms weave their silk. The busiest time
of the season tfcen. commences. For .three
days and nights girls are kept on watch
to look for the matured worms. As Boon
as one makes the sign of readiness, it
Is removed at once into cocoonery, and
gently laid among the brushes, The worm,
after carefully Inspecting the ground, se
lects a spot, and with an air of satisfac
tion throws the first silken thread, then
another, and then finally in the course of
eight uays completes a cocoon. On the
ninth day cocoons are taken jipwn frqm
tha twigs. A qertaln portion, consisting
of an equal number of males and females,
are put away for eggs, or seeds, as we
call them, and the rest are reeled into
raw silk. A
Reculatlnc he Size of the Thread,
Reeling the silk off the' cocoons Is
done with the automatic. reel made by
J. S. Kanematz. It consists of a reel,
electric regulator, automatic brush and
self-feeding basin. From six to 30 co
coons, according to the size of thread re
quired; are. -put Into a basin of water con-
laming'" a smau poruuu ui uuiuu.-. a-uo
cocoons are cookecL for JO minutes In. 148
degrees of water. The machine is put In
operation. An automatlo brush passes
ainong the floating cocoons In the basin
and .catches the filaments of silk, which
ar6 twisted several times and run opto
the reel, after passing the electric regu
lator, which automatically regulates the
size of thread. When the reel is full it
Is taken down and the silk Is dried and
made into a hank, ready for the market,
Silk culture Is an employment peculiarly
adapted for women and children. For
their Idle hours there Is no work ..more
pleasant and profitable than the cultufrelDf
silkworms. With an outlay of Jess than
$12. for the first cost fpr mulberry trees
and other fixtures, which last a lifetime,
one can easily realize from $45 to $65 every
season, for slight labor, lasting about 43
day3. r J. S. KANEMATZ, A. Ml
Coqullle City, Or.
TROY LAUNDRY COMPANY.
The Largest nnO, Best Plant of Ita
Kind In the. Northwest.
Eleven years ago the Troy Steam Laun
dry was started In Portland at a time
when the importance of modern laundry
enterprises was not fully appreciated. Af
ter their fire. In 1894, they moved to 214
Grand avenue, incorporating under the
title, Troy Laundry Company. By care
ful attention to the requirements, of their
patrons the business rapidly expanded un
til during the .past year they had to seQUTe
more commodious quarters, and erected
for' themselves a substantial building 75x
125 feet, with separate engine and boller,
room, 35x35, as also stables on East Water
street. No expense whatever has been
spared in constructing the new plant,
which is a model one, containing the latest
mechanical devices and equipment so as
to facilitate the handling of their lm
menso trade and execute perfect work In
every respect. The result is a plant
eclipsing anything of the kind in the
Few nianufacturing concerns In the, city
have more employes,, the Troy Launary
Company's payroll numbering at least 1Q0,
disbursing over $700 per week in salaries
and handling an aggregate of not less
than 5000 packages weekly. The business
extends hundreds of miles Into Oregon and
Washington, being operated through
agencies and the medium of the express
companies, In the collection of their work
they require 11 wagons in the city, as also
wagons at Oregon City, Vancouver and
The Dalles. During the past five years
their business has more than doubled,
which fact in Itself speaks volumes.
The laundry business Is reduced to a sci
entific basis now-a-days, expensive ma
chinery being used in the different depart
ments, every care taken to promote abso
lute cleanliness as well as neatness, gen
eral finish and effect without Injuring the
materials. The Troy Laundry Company
make neqessary repairs on garments
reaching them In imperfect condition free.
of charge. A visit to this Institution wllL
be worthy the time spent. Mr. John Talt,
the manager, will take pleasure in showing
any visitor through, explaining all the de
tails. In this way any one will be readily
convinced that this company is worthy
of Its success. Using special machinery
as well as effective hand methods where
necessary, they secure that nicety and ex
actness in every detail which has won for
thehi the reputation of doing work unap
proachable elsewhere Portland needs
more of such concerns progressive, pre
BARNES MARKET COMPANY.
Iendlncr Wholesale nnd Retail Deal.
ers in Oyster?, Gnfite, Poultry
Mr. F. C Barnes, the manager of the
'Barnes Market Company, Is a native of
Iview York state, but came tp the coast In
1SC1, and has been prominently Identified
with Its interests ever since. About 12
years ago Mr. Barnes opened a market
at the corner of Third and Morrison, later
he moved to the corner of Third and
Washington, where he remained for ulx
years, and about five years ago opened his
present quarters, 105, 107 and 107 Third'
street, 50x200 feet extending from Third
to Fourth streets. About two years ago
he Incorporated the business under the
firm" name of Barnes Market Company,
the members of the firm being ,F. C.
Barnes, M. E. Pearcy, William Barnes. C.
Mace, Mat Keith, and C. A. Hilyard. It
is the largest and best equipped market
Jn the city, handling not only oysters,
game, poultry and fish, but also tOregon,
California and domestic fruits and vege
tables, as also butter and cheese. They
transact fully two-thirds of the game,
poultry and fish business In the cltyt hav
ing sit delivery wagons in constant use,
and employing over 25 people, supplying
the best trade, also the dining-cars, steam
boats, leading hotels and clubs. An es
sential feature with them is strictly high
grade quality at reasonable prices. Buy
ing In large quantities they are able
to secure the best the market affords at
the lowest prices. They have a large
creamery In connection with their estab
lishment, where they manufacture fresh
butter dally and thus are In a position to
guarantee its excellency.
Mr. Barnes owns three salmon-canneries,
one at South Bend, Wash., another
on tho Nasel river, Wash, and a third
at Yaqulna bay, Or., the annual output
being from 20,000 to 23,000 cases, the leading
brands being "Defender," "General Rob
ert E. Lee," "Webfoot" and Bluebell." A
thorough knowledge of his business, strict
attention to details, with ample facilities
and capital at his command are the
secrets of Mr. Barnes' success,
a o t
AN ENTERPRISING FIRM.
Among the enterprising, progressive and
prosperous firms of the city, the Forbes
Davis Fuel Company, 181-195 East Water
street, are entitled to prominent mention.
On septemoer jast tney engugqa in ine iue
business, and by reason of superior ad
vantages over Qthers engaged In this line,
they have already developed a large, and
lapldly Increasing business.
Among their great resources Is a large
body pf choice fir timber near Portland,
which means a low cost for transporta
tion. In this body of timber they employ-
a varying force of from 50 to 60 wooa
choppers. who produce 1500 cords per
month. By thus taking their wood direct-"
ly from the stump to the consumer they
are enabled to handle the very best fuel,
and are. In a position to figure below all
They operate the largest fueL yards in
the Northwest, equipped with commodi
ous sheds to protect at all times their
largo stock. They keep a stock of 4t least.
1000, cords constantly on hand, dry and
really for immediate use, thug insuring
to their patrons entire satisfaction. Their
stock always consistsof thet choicest fir,
ash. oak, maple, alder and mixed wood.
They also have on hand a full supply of
ttiA most nnniilar hrnnds of coal. "-Tfiplr,
motto is "A. cordr for a cord," and "A ton,;
ror a ton."
Mrs, ' . ' SEESi
II WHEELS THAT SATISFY
They are the best bicycles possible to produce by skillful workmen, from the. best
-rf material. Ill tne larECSl cinu
Coaster brake device (free wheel) fitted to both Columbia Chain and Chainless.
THAT PECULIAR EXCELLENCE which has always distinguished CLEVELAND
BICYCLES and made them famous" the world over will continue to characterize
our produce in 1900.
Cleveland, models 95-96, chainless . .$75.00
Cleveland, model 94, road racer, chain (JD00
Cleveland, models52-93, Hghtroadster 50.00
Distributing depots for Oregon, Washington, Montana and IdahoColumbia and
Cleveland lines. Good live dealers wanted in all unoccupied territory. Jobbers in
bicycle sundries and juvenile bicycles.
Nos. 1S2-34 S3XTH STREET
COMFORP IN RIDING
and Taylor Sts.
Oregon 'Phone No. 222.
Columbia 'Phone No. 222.
AND DEALER IN
Our stock Is always full
1 and complete with the best
1 grade of goods In our line,
and our pi Ices are the very
189 Front Street
J.r A. STROWBRIDGE '
I " GREEN 445
Donnerberg & Rademacher
Gas and Steam Fitters
129, FOURTH ST., PORTLAND, OREGON
Jobbing promptly attended to.
J. HQNEYMAN & CO.
Manufacturers of stationary and
marine engines, boilers, grist,
' saw, and quartz mills. Iron
fronts for buildings.
FRONT AND COIiUMBIA STS
Galvanized Iron Cornices
J. C. BAYER
lUUSl luiiiuiciciv-cuuiuucu uiv
Ar - N !a && Iff y& v
ik " Jr a 3 jfr' " Iff Yv AV "
IB1"' JZ m uJy i & Vv 8 i
Jal J? s
W. k $ J it W A
Cleveland, models 90-91, roadster $50.00
Cleveland, models 83-84 40.00
Stormer, models 35-36 35.00
Pennant Specials, models 31-32 $30.00
Portland Branch Pope Sales Department
ATKINSON, -WAKEFIELD & CO.
LOANS AND RENTALS
g J. L. ATKINSON"
O H. TV. FRIES , .
O D. "W. WAKEFIELD
227 STARK STREET
R. LUTKE, Manager, Portland
108-110-112-114 Front St.,
135 FRONT STREET
I Sherwood & Sherwood i
o 448 SHERLOCK BUILDING PORTLAND. OREGON
- yv - i lauunwui mw, wumu
Every Description of
WALL CASES and
37 Market Street. San Francisco, CaL
GARDEN TOOLS, TREES
CROSSE & BDACKWEUL, LONDON, ENGIiAND,
Pickles. Lucca Oil. Jams. Olives. Curry Powder.
J. & J. COLMAN. LONDON ENGLAND.
Colman's Mustard and Azure Blue.
JAMES EPPS & CO.. LONDON. ENGLAND.
Epps's Homoeopathic Cocoa.
W. A. ROSS & SON. BELFAST,. IRELAND,
Ginger Ale. Soda Water.
MEINHOLD & HEINEMAN. NEW TORK,
Anchor Brand Russet C'der.
JAMES CHALMERS' SON, WILLIAMSVILLE, N. Y.,
CURTICE BROTHERS CO.. ROCHESTER, N. T.
"Blue Label" Soups. Meats. Ketchup. Vegetables.
E. R. DURKEE & CO.. NEW TORK,
Salad Dressing, "Challenge" Sauce, Spices.