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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOI,. XXXni-NO 11.04:6.
POIiTLASTD. OREGON TBTDESDAV FEBBTJASV 28. 1895.
PJRICE FIVE CE2STS
And get your rake, spade, hos and gar
den tools of all kinds, and galvanized
poultry netting, at
UDOLPHil. DEKUM, 111 FIRST, BET. STARK tP WASHINGTON
1895 $3, $4 and J$5
S3, $4 and $5 JiHEfi'S
Importers, Sliippioi anil Commission Merchants.
Importers of China. Japan and Ceylon Tea, China and Japan Rice, Matting, Rugs,
Nut OH, Preserved Ginger, Singapore and Java Coffee. Nutmegs, Cloves, Cassia, etc
Sole agents for Llchtenstlen Brothers & Co.'s Casino and Edwin Booth high-grade
FISHER, 7HORSEN &. CO.
paints, Oils, Qlass aid Brushes
For the Pacific TCorthisrest for
JOHN W. MASURY & SON'S
Tho superior and taell
CHAMBERS & McKEE'S WINDOW GLASS
-jffcCItOSKEY'S LMQUID FIIaliERS. flEJFUt'S CAFJFJIHGH PRINTS.
A full and complete line of all dry
10S-130 FRONT STREET,
Special Seile of JVExattorj !
One IjlTid of pore Quartet for 25c
All other Meats in. Proportion. PORTLAXD MEAT CO. Main. Office
and .Market, Third mid Alder. Branches First and Columbia, and Six
teen tit and X'Qitjyguac&tKsstM.aiii tw
Recul&tc the Stomach, liver and bowels
aad purllj tho blood.
Kipaus T&bules nre the best raedlclco
knonn for lndicestlon. bllloumcsa. hea-l-fcchr,
constipation, dyspepsia, chroulc liver
trouble, Utrrinuts. tal complexion, dye
enlry, offenoivit brectn. and all disorders
cf tiientoinacli. liver and bowels.
luro.ni 'f abulen contain nnthlne injurious
to the mast delicate constitution Are
plrnsniit to trke, sale, effectual, and give
Price, !Bc ptr tor. "Jot ba ordered
tbreURU nearest druKKUt, or by malt
tint-H, Honshu A W'todard Co., Portland,
Or., fcerers.1 nnnis.
What is Drudgery?
fg GOLD DUST
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Write for Special Cash Price List.
mSMM & MKLl, - Wt FWMiT Kifi ALBEi STREETS
We have received direct from the manufacturers an invoice of the new Trilby.
Toes in La4t8' Fine Shoos.
THEY ARE THE LATEST.
Today we offer 13 pairs Children's and Misses' Grain School Shoes for 9 cents.
129 SIXTH STREET. - -
J?Qbber Belting, Packing and Hose
JSKK2 YOUR CHOICE FROM THE FOIiliOWIJCa ORnjlDS:
STANDARD EXTRA QUALI IT tif Al SUPERIOR G0LDJEAL
Is a Cood Qr;fi 9' Is a Getter Grsdo r Is s Very Good Grade f Is ths Ecst Msdc
83 SU3S THE HOSE VO'J PURCHASE HKS OUf NHJCE Oft
GOODYEAR RUBBER -CO.
R. H. PEASE, Yiw-Ff9Sl ml Etttgsr. 73 mi 75 First $., FerH'sd, 8r.
Tnrtioi)r- mnrl Fr-io - I.it Furniulii-cl cz ArT3llctIor
SHOES S3, $4 and $5 1895
SJiOES $3, S4 and S5
MURPHY VARNISH CO.'S
Pins Carriage and
- knotnn brand of
Goods sold to the trndo only.
Vsholcsals Butchers and Packers
S!iie!d Brand of Hams, Bacon
Strictly Pure. Kettle-Eon-dcred
FOURTH PGLI8AN STREETS
Men stop advertising whenjbueiness geta
dnll. Those who know keep up their
advertising. They get all the hneines
there is, and more "when it picka up, be
cause they are known. Are you known
to 259,000 readers all consumers in
Oregon, Washington and Idaho? If not,
you are losing trade thatjyou might con
trol. Tho N. P. Xewepaper Union list
of 90 papers thoroughly read will in
troduce you most economicallv and ef
fectually. Office, 245 Stark Street.
CHACAQL'A K. & W
A NEW COLLAR.
bcut tijz Us? aijd Sqleqtiorj of Spotaola
Terscas hartr-ff aora&l vtetoa will be abt
to read this print at a distance of 14 yachts
Irora th eyes -with ease and cocafort; clso will
V able to read It xrtth each eye separately. If
usable to do eo your eyes are defective, and
should have Immediate attention. 'When tha
eyes become tired from reaont or sewing, cr
ir the letters loot blurred and run together. It
Is a wire indication that glasses are needed.
The lenses sold hi the cheap goods are oi un
equal density and have imperfectly fenaed sur
faces. .Continued use of these poorer lenses
wilt result In a psslUre Injury from the con
stant strain upon the muscles ot accomaoda
lien to supply the defects in the class."
EED & JtiRIiGOIiJK
MET DEATH I A MINE
A Disastrous Explosion Near Cer
rillos, in New Mexico.
MflHY HOMES MADE DESOLATE
Tiventy-FIve Miners Talren Out Dead
and It Is Doubtfal if Those Im
prisoned Are Alive.
CERRTLLOS. N. M., Feb. 27. A disas
trous mining accident was reported from
White Ash, three miles from here, this
afternoon. Enough is known to show that
many lives have been lost. The accident
occurred this morning in the mines of the
Santa Fe Company. It was caused by an
explosion. ' At that hour the employes at
the entrance of the mine heard a terrific
roar, followed by the ground trembling.
Owing to the smoke, dust and noxious
vapors that tilled every approach to the
working mine, hours elapsed before any
progress was made towards effecting a
rescue, and the efforts were cruelly re
warded, for up to 4. o'clock but one miner
was reached. His dead body was found
near the entrance. Three hours later the
rescuers succeeded in reaching the fourth
level, and the dead bodies of several men
were brought out. The scenes were ter
rible. Frantic wives, many of them car-
J rying babies in their arms, and having
children clinging to their skirts, stood in
tt-ars at the entrance of the mine for
hours, watching and waiting, while hun
dreds of men vainly struggled to gain an
entrance further into the mine. So dense
was the smoke at one time during the
afternoon that may though the mine had
taken fire, and tho conduct of the wives
and mothers when this was announced
as a probability was pitiable. Up to 5
o'clock the gas continued to pour forth
from the single opening In the mine in
such volume as to make the progress of
he rescuers very difficult, but an hour
later the noxious vapors cleared away,
and the work of recovering the dead
bodies began to prove more successful.
Twenty-two men are still in the lower
workings of the mine, and it is not
thought possible they are alive.
The work of rescue goes on. Many he
roic scenes have been witnessed during
the afternoon and tonight a gruesome
spectacle is presented. Many camp fires
dot the scene, and the anguish of the
women and children grouped about them,
hoping for the best and urging the men
in their endeavors to reach the entombed,
while others, clinging to their dead or
ministering to those rescued alive, pre
sents a picture of human anguish seldom
It Is thought the explosion was caused
by the miners breaking through into an
old, abandoned workings, thus liberating
gas that had accumulated therein. The
mine was worked through a single incline
shaft, extending 3009 feet in an Incline of
30 "degrees. anK.scfims to have been ue-
fentlve .iflfintffPJi013 YentJlatlonfcvSnhe
'SHTOtff otne shaft is the sole rowans
of egress. Nobody seems to know just
how many men went into the mine this
morning. Ordinarily 150 men are cm
ployed, but, this being Ash Wednesday,
it is said scarcely half the usual quota
of men were at work today. Representa
tive Laeden, lately employed there, says
he is confident that not less than S5 men
must have been in the mine at the time
of the explosion.
Up to 10 P. M., 25 bodies had been taken
out, horribly burned and mutilated and
difficult of identification. One of the res
cued. John Stupes, says that he heard the
explosion, and he and five comrades start
ed for the main slope, but could not es
cape, and went back into the mine to a
pool of water, where they immersed them
selves, and by agitating the water man
aged to create air enough to live upon
for the 11 hours of their confinement.
When the rescuing party released them
they were in the last stages of asphyxia
tion. The dead, so far as known, are:
J. R. Donohue, pit boss; Johnnie Rock,
trapper boy; Sam Harder, miner; . El
lingsworth, Roy Philips, William Jones,
Sam Jones, William T. McCarty. Tom
Whiteley, John Sweeney, John E. Thorn
ton, Tom Holliday, Jules Descrant, Henry
Descrant, Louis Descrant, Angelo Buffato,
Rlcard Dero, Emil Hornet, George Spaite,
August Leplat, D. Sumitis, Henry Harben.
The ICncstncr Building- Burned.
CHICAGO, Feb. 27. Fire started at 0
o'clock this morning in the Kaestner
building, containing the Kaestner knitting
works. Pioneer Paper Company, and Bach
& Hertz' Leather Company. The build
ing was totally destroyed, together with
live dwellings in the vicinity. The damage
is 56U.O00, most of which is covered by in
surance. The crane compa'ny loss, which
at first was thought to have been light,
was heavy, and mrny smaller firms with
apartments in the Kaestner building suf
fered. Hundreds of employes in the Kaestner
building, including 220 children, were panic
stricken. The injured, none of them
fatally hurt, are:
Etta Goldman, cut and bruised; Emma
Kusick. cut and bruised by being tram
pled; Bessie Palsel, bruised about the
head; Agnes Mclntyre, cut about the head.
DroTvneil In the Frnher River.
VANCOUVER. B. C. Feb. 27. Otto C.
Dusterhoef, clerk of the Chiiliwhack mu
nicipality, was drowned In the Fraser
river, at Westminster, early this morning.
He came down the previous day, and,
after passing the evfnlng with friends,
went on board the steamer Gladys and
went to bed. The night watchman, about
midnight noticed his coat and shoes, and,
thinking it strange, looked around but
was unable to find him. The river was
dragged today, and the body recovered.
It is thought he walked off in his sleep,
as the lower deck of the steamer has no
guards. He came here four years ago
Boys and Gunpowder.
HUNTINGDON. Pcnn., Feb. 27. Seven
boys gathered about a five-pound can of
gunpowder here today, and took turns
in applying lighted matches to it. A ter
rlrto explosion resulted, which will prob
ably be the death of two of the lads.
George Rupert rnd Chester Harton, each
about 1$, were hurled 30 feet against a
building. The clothing of the remaining
boys was set on fire and that of Robert
Shaw and Thomas Earl burned to their
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
bodies. The boys only escaped, cremation
by jumping Into a nearby pond. The
windows in all the neighboring houses
I were shattered.
A Sister tTnfortnnate Accident.
ST. JOSEPH, Mo., Feb. 27. Mrs. Robert
Craig dangerously shot her sister last
night, mistaking her for a burglar.
LEFT BY THE DEAD.
Fortnnnte Investments "Will Xet the
Chnrchill Estnte Something-.
LONDON. Feb. 27. Truth says it
Is shown by the will, of the late Lord
Churchill that owing to fortunate invest-,
ments, under the genejpus advice of the
Rothschilds and Colonel North, Churchill
was not without resources when he died.
The Stolen Fair "Will.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 27. Charles L.
Fair has received.a second letter from an
unknown correspondent at Brookings, S.
D., stating that he witnessed the abstrac
tion of the will cf the late James G. Fair
from the county clerk's office, and offer
ing to reveal the identity of the thief for
$15,000. The writer gives Fair until Febru
ary 23 to remit (he money. At the same
time he wrote to the attorneys for the ex
ecutors, making the same proposition. The
recipients say they paid no attention to
the letters, but there is much speculation
concerning the clumsy but persistent
May Xow Be Distributed.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 27. By a com
promise the 15 suits, - aggregating over
$1,000,000, between the estate of John S.
Doe and the Waterloo "Mining Company,
of which the principal stockholders were
three Milwaukee capitalists, were dis
missed today, and the $1,500,000 of the Doe
money may now be distributed. The case
has been In court for a number of years.
The mines are at Calico, Cal.
A Chicnjro Brerrer's Daughter.
CHICAGO. Feb. 27. Alma Zeipp, daugh
ter of the late Conrad Zeipp, the brewer,
came of age a few days ago. Her
guardians, with the approval of the pro
bate court, yesterday turned over to her
$231,737 in securities and bonds, and $719,
227 in cash.
LOS AA'GELES' STREET RAILWAY.
An Ajrrecment Which. Will Prevent a
Foreclosure of the Mortc;a;7e.
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Feb. 27. The In
vestor, n financial paper, publishes the
statement that General M. H. Sherman
has concluded to surrender control of the
Consolidated Electric Railway, under a
pressure by the bondholders, and will re
tire from the management of the road.
The paper states that the company's in
terest on the $3,000,000." bond issue will,
next month, amount to $180,000. one-half
of which is in defaults Thomas Brown,
cashier of the Bank of (California; Lowell
White, E. B. Pond, Captain Payson, of
the Pacific rolling millsfDr. Moore, presi
dent of the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance
Company, of San Francisco; Morris Trum
bull, of Peabody, Hotajing & Co., of Chi
cago, and Edward Barxltt Smith, of Chi
cago, have been in the! city several days.
in conference over ths 'condition of the
road. Goodwlndtres roisldfr thf ronrl pan
.nayvinteiesttrin.onerif oi' its nresent
jTfdnded" Indebtedness and expenses', pro
vided bond retrenchments are made. If
Sherman had not concluded to retire, a
suit would have been Immediately com
menced for foreclosure of the mortgage.
OTHER. KIXAJTCIAL XEWS.
To Control Mnnnfnctnred Iron.
SHEFFIELD, England, Feb. 27. The
Telegraph publishes the draft of a scheme
proposing that 200 Iron firms of South
Yorkshire, Lancashire, Derbyshire,
Stafford, Worcester, and Shropshire shall
form an organization to be known as the
Midland Iron Trade Association, and which
will regulate the prices of all classes of
manufactured iron. Heavy fines will be
Imposed for breaches of agreement, and a
committee of 20 will manage the affairs of
the association. The operatives have con
sented to join.
L'tuU's Xerv Brijraclier-General.
SALT LAKE, Feb. 27. Governor West
today appointed R. W. Young as brigadier-general
and commander of the Utah
National Guard. General Young is a
grandson of the late Brigham Young and
has a brilliant military and business rec
ord. He was a graduate of West
Point and resigned from the service in
1SSS to begin the practice of law In this
city. Last April he assumed the editorial
and business management of the Salt
Many Acres Involved.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 27. An import
ant case was argued in the circuit court
of appeals this morning. It Involves the
ownership of 700,000 acres of land located
around and near Los Angeles. Those In
terested are the Southern Pacific rallway
and the government. In the United States
district court the government scored a
victory, and the railroad appealed to the
circuit court. The case hinges on the over
lapping of a land grant.
The Price of Oranges.
LOS ANGELES, Feb. 27. The executive
board'of the Southern California fruit ex
change Is In session here, transacting
business relative to marketing oranges.
A majority favor a raise of 23 cents per
box on choice and fancy navels, which will
make them $2 and $2 23.
The Application Denied.
BUFFALO. Feb. 27. The attorney-general
has denied the application of the cen
tral Labor LTnion of New York for leave
for proceedings to dissolve the Standard
Oil Company on the ground that It Is a
monopoly. The case has been pending for
Atchison fc Topcka Reorganization.
NEW YORK, Feb. 27. The reorganiza
tion plan of the Atchison company pro
vides for the issue of $102,000,000 common
stock, $65,000,000 preferred, $23,000,000 prior
Hen bonds, 150,000,000 general fours and
$5,000,000 adjustment fives.
The Independent Order of Foresters.
CHICAGO, Feb. 27. The supreme court
of the Independent Order of Foresters of
Canada began mandamus proceedings to
compel the Illinois state insurance super
intendent to allow the society to do busi
ness in Illinois.
Ravages of Cholera.
BUENOS AYRES, Feb. 27. Seventeen
cases of cholera and nine deaths are re
ported from Rosario, and nine cases and
live deaths from Santa Fe.
Latest U. S. Gov't Food Repcct'
GORMAN WITHDREW IT
An End to the Financial Debate in
the National Senate.
NO ISSUE OF DEBT CERTIFICATES
The Senate AVill Vote on the Snndry
Clvil Bill at Three O'clock
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. When the sen
ate adjourned tonight, it was with the un
derstanding that a vote would be taken
onthesundry civil appropriation bill at 3 P.
M. tomorrow. The financial issue, which
has hung like a great menacing cloud over
the senate chamber for many weeks, was
suddenly and permanently dissipated to
day. For four hours there was a storm of
debate in which the most conspicuous
financial figures of the senate were lis
tened to by crowded galleries. And ther
Gorman, whose financial amendment had
brought on the contest, withdrew the prop
osition and the subject was summarily
disposed of. A moment later Mills' propo
sition to repeal the laws authorizing the is
suance of bonds was cut off by a ruling of
the chair that It was out of. order. Thus
the financial issue, which had threatened
serious delay to the appropriation bills,
was unexpectedly swept away.
Gorman made the principal speech In
advocacy of the proposition for authoriz
ing $100,000,000 of debt certificates to meet
treasury deficiencies. The senator called
Into question the accuracy of Secretary
Carlisle's reports of the treasury's safe
condition, and declared a deficiency of
$60,000,000 for the fiscal year was assured.
Hill made a speech against the amendment
which involved several sharp colloquies.
Sherman, Allison and Aldrich supported
the Gorman amendment. Voorhees, chair
man of the finance committee, opposed
the amendment on the ground that it was
needless, and was directly opposed to the
wishes of the president and secretary of
the treasury. Mills spoke vigorously
against the issue of bonds, and Teller final
ly moved to lay the Gorman amendment
on the table, and this was the signal for
Gorman's final move in withdrawing the
Work on the sundry civil bill was then
proceeded with. Among the amendments
agreed to was one authorizing the selec
tion of nine commissioners to represent
theUnlted States at the International mon
etary conference. Another important
amendment agreed to provided for a com
mittee of United States army officers to
investigate the Nicaragua canal project,
going over the route and making a report,
Morgan said the inquiry was desired
In order -to fully Inform the next congress,
as it had become evident the present house
would not pass the Nicaragua bill.
When the proposed amendment provid
ing for the issue of certificates of indebt
edness had been read, Berry said:
"I make a point of order against this
financial amendment on the ground that
it Is general legislation."
Hill offered a further amendment that
hereafter all treasury notes when pre
sented to the treasury shall not be reis
sued, but shall be canceled. He sought
to spaak In explanation of his amend
ment, but Mills insisted on the rule and
an immediate decision on the point of
order. Hill continued, but was interrupt
ed by frequent suggestions that the debate
was out of order. There was considerable
disorder and the vice-president finally
requested the sergcant-at-arms to see that
order was preserved. The vice-president
was about to decide the point of order
and had begun the first sentence, when
"Does the chair decline to submit the
question to the senate? It Is not only
customary, but it is the rule, that ques
tions of order shall be submitted to the
senate, and I must insist that it be sub
mitted to the senate."
The presiding officer paused in his de
cision. Then l.e said:
"In view of the remarks of the senator
from Texas, the question will be sub
mitted to the senate."
He then directed a roll-call and again
called on the sergcant-at-arms with sig
nificant force to maintain order. By a
singular parliamentary situation the or
der for the vote made the amendment sub
ject to debate and Gorman addressed the
senate. He said It had become evident
that there was to be no financial relief
unless It wasr made a part of an appropria
tion bill. Wolcott here interrupted with
"Has the secretary of the treasury noti
fied the senate that he does not want
such legislation as this?"
"That Is the whole question," responded
Gorman, "and if the senator will permit
me, I will, in my own crude way, pre
sent the question of the secretary's neces
sity." "Is the treasury in such condition that
it cannot provide for the wants of the
government?" csked Gorman. "Are the
revenues becoming insufficient to meet
the expenditures and the appropriations
we are making? If our actual expendi
tures are greater than our receipts we can
not afford to adjourn until we meet this
emergency unless congress wants more
bonds sold to meet other obligations."
Gorman then vnfolded an elaborate table
of figures, and continued:
"I think I will be able to demonstrate
that the secretary of the treasury will
have a deficiency of $30,000,000 for the calen
dar year and $60,000,000 for the fiscal year.
The secretary s reply to the senate stated
there was $106,000,000 on hand available to
pay ordinary expenses. I know there was
a mistake, and 1 went tc the treasury and
said to those who had made up the report:
TTour figures are misleading. You have
made a mistake.' I called their attention
to the fact that they had omitted checks,
drafts, etc., outstanding. They had been
included in the monthly report. It dis
closed that there was annually $G7,000,000
available. There was a mistake of about
$30,000,000 to begin with."
Gorman proceeded to itemize the sums
due for rivers and harbors, public build
ings, etc. He also took up the secretary's
estimates of receipts, and said:
"The secretary estimated his total ex
expenditures at $35S,000.000. In 1893 the ap
propriations were $300,000,000, and already
the house has appropriated $374,000,000 for
this year. This senate will add $20,000,000.
The total will then be $390,000,000, and I
will stake my reputation that it will reach
The senator ended with an appeal to the
senate not to paralyze the operations of
the government by failing to provide for
all emergencies before the adjournment of
Mills followed with a strong criticism of
I the Issuing of bonds. He spoke of the
; public abhorrence of a national debt. There
wa3 a sharp colloquy between Hill and
( Mills as the latter discussed greenbacks.
J In the course of it Mills asked:
"What kind of money do. you believe in,
j x (relieve iu uic guiu iiiu anvci ujl uie
' constitution," responded HilL "I am not
, a greenbacker now, and never have been."
"Not a greenbacker!" exclaimed Mills,
derisively. Then, addressing Hill person
' ally, he said: 'When your great state of
i New York, la 1S6S, sent Horatio Seymour
to the national democratic convention, it
was on a platform of paying all public
obligations in greenbacks. Where were
There was intense energy in Mills' ques
tion, and the galleries broke into laughter.
"Read that platform," said Hill. And
Mills read the plank concerning green
backs, and then, turning to Hill, with
keen satire, added:
"Oh, where was Roderick then?"
"One blast upon his bugle-horn were
worth a thousand men."
The senators were much amused, and the
galleries broke out Into laughter. Then
Mills added, again addressing Hill:
"Of course, you voted for Horatio Sey
mour." Hill made no response, and Gray said,
sotto voce, "He was too young."
Mills, in conclusion, declared, with great
emphasis, that If this amendment were
ruled out of order, he would offer an
amendment to repeal all laws giving the
secretary of the treasury authority to is
sue bonds without direct and specific act
Allison warned the senate that moments
were flying; that unless the sundry civil
bill was disposed of today, and other bills
in the next two days, the responsibility
of an extra session would rest on congress.
Proceeding, he said he had favored the
amendment in the commlttue on appropria
tions, as he believed the secretary of the
treasury should have the authority it con
ferred. Speaking of the merits 6f the prop
osition to Issue certificates of Indebtedness
to meet current expenses, Allison severely
criticised the secretary of the treasury
for using the proceeds of the two bond
issues sold under the law for another pur
pose than to meet the current expenses.
Unless some such provision was made to
meet current deficiencies (if there be any), j
tne secretary of the treasury would mort
gage the future and continue to sell 30
year bonds to meet these deficiencies.
"Even If such a temporary expedient Is
adopted," Interrupted Hill, "will not the
question of the redemption of greenbacks
"Certainly," replied Allison.
"Then Is It not our duty to address our
selves to this subject?" asked Hill.
Voorhees, chairman of the finance com
mittee, then addressed the senate with a
prepared speech against the amendment.
He denied the credit of the government
was threatened anywhere In the world.
That was shown by the quotation of our
bonds abroad. In every money center, In
every usurer's shop, the financial credit
of the United States had not suffered dur
ing the bank-made panic of the last two
years. Whatever criticism the recent
bond contract was open to today, he did
not propose to criticise it; It could not
stand before the fact that the eagerness
of the world to get these bonds gave the
He to all these slanderers, backbiters,
financial blacklegs and money sharks,
who sought to stab their country nearest
the heart. He stood ready to help the
government in case of necessity, but he
could not support this measure, which
sought to give the secretary of the treas
ury a power he did not ask, to provide for
a deficiency that did not exist.
Sherman addressed the senate. He con
sidered the pending tmendment perfectly
germane. He had known dozens of prece
dents. Two years ago he offered a resolu
tion almost identical to this amendment,
and it was adopted by an overwhelming
vote -wunout mvisiorrs on Tarty lmes. If
the provision had gone through and had
become a law the country would not have
been in its present condition. Executive
Influence .had brought about the defeat of
the provision. The senate was in the
midst of doubt. The secretary of the
treasury said he had enough. The sena
tor from Maryland said there was not
enough. They came here and quarreled
over the figures. If Gorman were right,
then the senate ought to act quickly.
If Carlisle were right, then no action
should be taken, as an addition to the
bonded obligation was undesirable. Sher
man said he would vote for the amend
ment, although he regarded it as the duty
of the democratic side of the chamber to
clear up the doubt. In reply to queries
made earlier by Hill, Sherman said the
greenbacks should not be redeemed. They
were the favored meney of the people.
They should be kept out without reference
to the wishes of the New York banks.
"I cannot understand why anyone
should desire to strike from our
currency this favored currency, bet
ter than gold or silver, for they are
redeemable in gold and yet have the con
venience of paper money."
Turning to the loss of revenues, the
senator said it was a certain sequel to the
changes in the tariff law, adding:
"This always occurs as a result of tariff
changes, without reference to the party
making It. Let these provisions be en
acted and let the debt certificates for
bonds be circulated among our own peo
plethe plain people, as Abraham Lincoln
called them and there will be an end of
danger. I have watched the enormous
misappropriations by the senate, some of
which could have been postponed to an
other day. But now that they are made,
It Is the duty of congress to provide means
for paying them."
In the course of hta remarks, Sherman
made a significant appeal to the appro
priations committee to withdraw this
amendment, saying it could never pass
without the fullest discussion.
Hill took the floor. He first discussed
the technical parliamentary status, say
ing: "If this financial amendment Is In order,
then the floodgates are open and any kind
of financial legislation can be added to an
appropriation till. Once upon this com
plicated question, an extra session is in
evitable. In the expiring hours of con
gress it is unwise to sweep away the am
ple powers of the secretary to Issue bonds
to give him some new and untried power
he does not want. And yet this is the
proposition of the senators who have
such profound regard for John G. Car
lisle." Hill then turned his attention to Mills'
statement as to Horatio Seymour and the
greenback platform of 163, saying:
"The result of that contest is not one
of congratulation among democrats.
"Let me suggest " said Voorhees, "that
Horatio Seymour carried New York by
10.000 majority over Grant in 1SC9."
"Yes," said Hill, "because Seymour was
so enshrined in the hearts of the people
of New York that he could carry the state,
greenbacks or no greenbacks."
Hill read from early speeches of Sher
man against greenbacks and compared
those with the speeches of today, and Sher
man said those anti-greenback speeches
were made five years before the resump
tion act which changed everything. Then
Hill pointed out that the danger to the
treasury was not In a deficiency of cur
rent expenses, but in gold to redeem the
endless chain cf greenbacks. And yet
this pending amendment provided funds
fqr deficiencies alone and gave no means
of securing the gold which was the real
need of the treasury.
Pugh interrupted to say that the green
back legislation of 1S78 was enacted by a
democratic congress. Gray hurried back
and whispered to Hill, who then declared
it was the senator from Ohio (Sherman)
who was responsible for that legislation.
"He was not in congress then," said
Voorhees. "He was then secretary of the
"No; I was not In congrefes then," said
"I will help the senator out," said Voor
hees to Hill. "There was a senator from
Ohio here whose name was much like that
(Concluded on Second Page.)
BISSfiLL IS THE FIRST
The Postmaster-General Has Re
signed From the Cabinet.
LITTLE DOUBT AS TO HIS SUCCESSOR
It AVill in All Probability Be Repre
sentative Wilson of AVcst Virginia,
Father of the Tariff Act.
WASHINGTON, 'Feb. 27.-Postmaster-Gencral
Bisseil set at rest ail doubts as
to his purpose of remaining in the cabi
net, by tendering his resignation to Pres
ident Cleveland this afternoon. His let
ter of resignation is said to have been
brief and to have been couched in tho
usual formal terms. The letter was writ
ten by the postmister-general at the close
of office hour? today, and was by him
personally handed to his chief a little
after 5 o'clock. This action was not taken
hastily. As far back as the early autumn,
Mr. Bissell felt that his law practice at
Buffalo required his personal attention
and at that time he notified the presi
dent that sooner or later he would be
compelled to retire to private life. Noth
ing further passed between the two gen
tlemen with reference to the matter un
til 10 days ago, when Mr. Bissell again as
sured the president that he must soon re
sign his portfolio.
In a statement made by Mr. Bissell to
representatives of the press this even
ing, he said:
"I have placed my resignation in the
hands of the president. The reasons for
so doing are that my professional work
at home demands my attention, and I feel
that I cannot longer remain away from It.
The business of the department Is in good
condition, and its transfer can be made
without affecting the public service. I
ueepiy regret mat am tnus com
pelled to sev-jr relations with the presi
dent and cabinet, which have been mo'st
satisfactory and cordial. Perhaps, without
Impropriety, I may now say that all
rumors of disagreement between the presi
dent and any of his cabinet have been
without foundation. I doubt if there ever
was a more harmonious cabinet than the
present one, and its members are a unit
in support of the president on every pub
Everywhere are heard regrets at Bis
sell's retirement. The president said:
"It is surely not necessary for me to say
that I shall release Mr. Bissell with the
utmost regret. All his associates in the
administration will feel they have lost a
colleague who, in all respcts, was a val
uable factor in their executive labors, as
well as a companion to whom they have
become greatly attached. I am not taken,
by surprise, for I have known for soma
time that is was inevitable, because Mr.
Blssell's reasons for his action were of a
personal nature, and were inexorable.
This first break in the cabinet, which haa
been In the midst of many perplexing sit
uations entirely harmonious, all being- ac
tuated by loyal devotion to the public
interest, and pervaded, in a marked de
gree, by the personal attachments which
such connections cannot fail to create,
causes us all real sorrow. Much grati
fication awaits Mr. Bissell In the appre
ciation of his countrymen of his splendid
and valuable public service."
Though In the department and congres
sional circles the air was filled with names
of possible candidates to succeed Mr. Bis
sell from states ranging from the Atlan
tic to the Pacific and to Florida, still the
feeling was uppermost among men in of
ficial life that the president would reward
in some way the untiring devotion of
Rapresentative Wilson, of West Virginia,
to the administration throughout this con
gress. It is also understood that Mr. Wilson's
name will be sent to the senate tomor
row. But for the fact that tho president
Intended making Mr. Wilson a member of
his official family, a tender of the Mex
ican mission would, it is said, have been,
made to him. The president has been sin
cerely desirous of appointing Mr. Wilson
to some office of dignity and importance
commensurate with the West Virginian's
abilities, and his loyalty to the principles
of the democratic party. When the pres
ident first learned that Mr. Bissell pro
posed soon to retire from the cabinet, he
decided then that he should be succeeded
by Mr. Wilson. This Is, at least, the story
given out by Mr. Wilson's friends tonight,
and there are substantial reasons for be
lieving that it is well founded.
(William Shannon Bissell, of Buffalo, N.
Y., was born in New London, Oneida coun
ty, N. Y., December 31, 1847; when he was
5 years of age his parents removed to Buf
falo, where he attended the public schools;
prepared for college at private school In
New Haven, and subsequently graduated
with honors from Yale university; at the
age of 21, commenced the study of law
with Lannlng, Cleveland & Folsom, in
Buffalo; In 1ST-', formed a partnership with
Lyman K. Bass, but about a year later,
upon the admission of Grover Cleveland,
the firm name was changed to Bass, Cleve
land & Bissell; upon the removal of Ly
man K. Bass to Colorado, and election of
Grover Cleveland as governor of New
York, the firm was reorganized, and for
several years bore the name of Bissell,
Sicard & Goodyear; the special character
of his practice has been that of counsel
for corporations; is a director in several
railroad companies; always refused public
office, but served as presidential elector-at-large
in 1SS4, and has been delegate to sev
eral state conventions; in 1800, was a mem
ber of a commission to propose amend
ments to the judiciary article of the con
stitution of the state of New York; was
appointed postmaster-general March 6,
Two Oregon Postmasters Appointed.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. Oregon post
masters were appointed today as follows:
At Elk Head, Douglas county, H. C. La
mon; at Spikenard, Jackson county, Chas.
Assistant Attorney for California.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. Attorney-General
OIney has appointed Bert Schleslngef
assistant United States district attorney,
The Netv York Electrical AVorlcers.
NEW YORK, Feb. 27. The state board
of arbitration tried to settle the strike of
the electrical workers today, but failed.
X-imes Stroner. president of the Electrical
J Contractors' Association, appeared before
the board, but would not yield an inch.
He said the men must return to work at
once before the contractors would treat
with them at all, and that under no con
sideration would the eight-hour day re
quest be granted until after May 13 next.
AlcICee Ranlcin Arrested.
KANSAS CITY, Feb. 27. McKee Ran
kin, the well-known actor, Barry Fuller,
his leading man. Miss O'Neill, his leading
lady, and P. T. Johnson, his property
man, were arrested tonight on a charge
sworn out by E. Crytel, proprietor of the
Centropolis hotel, of trying to evade the
payment of a $60 board bill, claimed to be
owing the hotel. The trial comes up to