Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
m . a . . s . a s b n
! a I i Ui
Wr P t "
Oregon: ..Tonight and Friday
ife fair. trfcnri westerlV winds.'
(25,000 BEADEBS BAILT)
, Only Circulation ia Saltern Gum-
anteed by the. Audit Bureau of
' Circrilattdns. .
: FULL LEASED WIRE t
, ' ' SPECIAL 1KJLL AMETTB- . i
OCSPWP.AINB AHD XI i I
stands nvB curu
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 197.--EIGHT PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAYAUGUST 21, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ft 1 rHrtr n fin i
MUST BE RMIFIED TO
MAKE STATE OF PEACE
Wilson D Mes H$ Has Power
' To MeniuVlelations Before
Washington. Aug. 21. tidying to a series of written
questions submitted by Senator Fall, New Mexico, Presi
dent Wilson today: declared in his judgement that he has
not the power to proclaim a state of peace before the rati
fication of the treaty by the senate
Tho president, in addition to declar
ing that ho had no power to declare
peace clearly indicated he would not
consent to take such a step if he did
have the power. He declared that such
a course "would put a stain upon our
national honor which we could never ef
face." The president also says that renuncia
tion of territory rights by Germany does
not earry title to the allies, but does
put disposition of the territory in their
The Fall questions were submitted at
thee White House conference between
the president and senate foreign rela
tions committee Tuesday.
The president s letter, m reply was
written yesterday and reads:
"Yon left yesterday in my hands er
tain written questions which I promised
you I would answer. I am" liastcniag
to fulfill the promise.' -
"I feel constrained to say in reply
to your first question not only that in
, niy judgment 1 have not the ps.wet.by
league 'as written would certainly with
in the near . future reduco the c5st of
living in this country and elsewhere, by
restoring production and commerce to
their normal strength and froedoin.
' ' For your convenience I will number,
the remaining paragraphs of this letter
as the questions to which they intended
to reply are numbered.
"7 I have had no official inform
tion as to whether Norway, Sweden, Den
mark, Holland or Switzerland will join
the league. -
"8 1 answered your eighth question
in-reply to a question asked me at our
conference the other day,
"9 In February ,1917, Spain was re
quested to take charge of American in
terests in Germany through ner flipto
mutic and consular representative ant.
no other arrangements has since been
"10 The committeo to prepare plans
for the oreanization of the league for
the establishment of . the seat of the
Icaeua aad -for. the proceedings of the
proclamation to-declare that' peace ex- first .meeting of the tfsseniDry'uM Deqn
ists, but that I could in ho oircumstnnces ' appointed but has' not reported.- t
consent to take such a course prior to the "11 Article 118 of the peaee treaty,
latificat'ion of a formal treaty of peace,
1 feel it in time in perfect frankness to
say that it would, in my opinion, put a'
stain upon Our national honor which wo
never could efface if after sending our
men to the battlefield to fight tho com:
mon cause we should abandon our asso
ciates in the war in the settlement of
(jhe terms of peace and dissociate our
selves from all responsibility with re
gard tothose terms. '
"J sugfjest that, having said this, I
have in effect answered also your sec
ond, third and fourth questions so far as
I invself am concerned, -
' ' Permit me to answer your fifth ques
tion by saying that the provisions of the
treaty to which you refer operate mere
ly tn establish -ueace between tho pow
ers ratifying, and thus it is questionable
whether it can be said that tho league
of nations is in any true sense created
bv the associates of only tlircB
niliorl Hiid associated governments.
"In reply to your sixth question I can
only express confident opinion that the
immediate adoption of tho treaty along
with the articles of the covenant of the
nnrt foiir. under- which Germany1 re
nounces alt her rights to territory for
merly belonging to herself or to her al
lies, was understood, so tat as speciui
nioviiiion was not made in tho treaty
itself for its disposition, as constituting
the principal allied and associated pow
crs ,the authority by which such disposi
tion should ultimately be determined, it
conveys no title to thoso powers but
merely intrusts the disposition of the
territory in question to their decision.
"12 Germany's renunciation in fa
vor of the principal allied and associa
ted powers of her rights and titles to
her overseas possessions is meant simi
larly to operate as vesting in those pow
ers a trusteeship with Tespect to their
final disposition and gowrnment.
,"13 There-has been a provisional
arreernent us to tho disposition of theso
! overseas possessions whose confirmation
and execution is dependent upon tne np-
proval ot the league oi nations, ami me
United States is a party to that provis-
To Los Angeles In 11 Days
" Los Angelas, iCal., Aug. 21. Taken
into custody last night, Miss -Theresas
Bostim and Miss Marie Schrader, 17.
and 18 years, respectively, repealed a.
story of traveling from Portland, Or.,
to Los Angeles on less than $10 in 11
days.' ... "".
According to the story told police
they "hiked" and "bummed" auto
mobile rides arriving here two weekS
ago in time to "sec the ships come in"
. Miss.'Bostino lives at ,509 Woodward
Bottle-A-Day Plan Of Home
Brewer Foiled By Poke
Spokane,' . Wash., Aug. 21. Charles
Duraut, of Hillyard, prepared to have
his quart of-beer a day for the next
year, according to- deputy sheriffs who
raided his building here.
Two trucks brought in Wo. quarts oi
beer End. brewery equipment. -
TOWNOF WALLACE IS
THREATENED BY FIRE
Five Companies Of State
Troops Guard Against Re
Spokane, Wash., Aug. 21. With ashes
falling on Wallace streets and Missoula
seriously fire menaced "out of control"
reports aro flooding forestry officials
from a score of camps in forests In
northern Idaho, eastern Washington and
western Montana, today, ..--
N-ine years ago today part of Wallace
was a smoking ruin. Forest fires had
wiped out scores of homes and S3 men.
The miuing city today fears another
visitation. ..... ......
Help is bein rushed to Missoula from
Denver. Smoke in the city is so heavy
that business is praotically suspended.
Tho Meadow creek fire progressed 20
m'des yesterday... jumping. thgSelway
forest and racing down into the Salmon
river country, , " ' ' " '
' The Placer pjreek .fire, sdvth of Wallace,-is
spreading rapidly. ,:"
The Selway forest phone system
around Kooskia has been destroyed.;
Fires are forcing the fighters buck'.
Clearwater and Nes Perce firos are be-
.-ond control. .. .
. Inland Empire towns have been drain
ed of all avr.ilable men for fite fighting.'
MEXICO TO ASli
i v 'j. , . . ,.
Mexican Government Has
Confidence In Good Inten
tions Of President.
PAIR Of kiDJiAPPERS
CAPTURED IS REPORT
Withdrawal Of Cavalry To
Avoid Difficulties Mere-
Anarican WarsLis Rushed
To Honduras; Election On
VaUeio, Cal., Aug. 21. The tuited
Stateg ha rushed warships to .the
coast of Honduras, fearing an outbreak
there, it was disclosed today by Cap
tain K. 8. Jackson, who arrived here on
the cruiser Tacoma. .
Captain Jackson said an outbreak is
feared during the coming elections.
The cruisers Chicago and Denver are,
at Ama Palo, Honduras and the Cleve
land is waiting at Colon. .
There are large American interests
in Honduras wmcn would De tnreaicn
ed by. an outbreak, said Captain Jack
W&ECKS INJURES 12
Boyce, Va., Aug. 21. (United Press.)
Twelve passengers tmd a brakenian
were injured when a northbound fast
Norfolk and Western train was derailed
al short distance north of here early to-
day. - - - "
. . Experienced Fighters Sent. '
Denver, Colo.,. Aug. 21. Sit experi
enced forest rangers to lead Volunteer
crows of fire fighters are being sent
frn the district forestry service head
quartets to Missoula-j Great Falls, Libby
and Kalispel, Mont. -Messages asking
aid declared that the Montana- forest
fire situation is "critical." ' ' .
(Continued on page three)
PACKERS DEFENDED AND
SCORED IN SENATE TALK
CONTROL ACT URGED
Washington, Aug. 21 Protest against
the American cavalry expeditisu into
Mexico after pandits who captured two
army aviators will be made to ;the Btate
department today .-or tomorrow by the
Mexican ambassador. .
A Mexican forcigri office statement
which said Ambassador. Bonillas, had
been ordered to protest was received in
Washington today? -t The statement said :
"Two aviators of the army of the
United States, through error, so they
state, flew over our territory, landing
approximately 1 12; kilometers to the
south of the frontier, where thc.v were
captured by a band of twenty bandits.
They have now been liberated.
' 'Some troops' of the ' Bighth cavalry
of the United States crossed the fron
tier in pursuit of-the outlaws. The de
partment of foreign relatious gave In
structions at ouce ,to our embassy in
Washington to make appropriate repre
sentations protesting and requesting im
mediate withdrawal ot the invading
roops.". v- " ji., i--, .
Mexico City , -itrowspapera ..take- the
View that the solution is : to obtain,
better-understanding between Atexleo
iind the United tSntes. A manifesto is
sued by tho federation of labor at Mex
ico City -urges Carranza to form a rep-
escntative cabinet and immediately ad
just difficulties with the United. tSatcs.
Tho liberal constitution party he pub
lished a circular urging its adherents
throughout Mexico to work for a. good
' A croup of deputies of the Mexican
congress plans to petition Carranza to
hango his policy. ine-mex:uu ni-i.
in an Bditorial said that the Moxican
government is showing disposition to
chnnire 'its' policy and urges it to listen
to public opinion wmcn is not in invur
a war. " : ;: ' .
The American embassy at Mexico City
ins reported- to the state department
that the Mexican foreign onicc mis
nothing to communicate regarding Dr.
A, fWiiBgn, a Pnrtn Bireo, reported to
be held for ransom by Mexican rebels in
the mountains near Mexico -ity. i ne
foreign office statement was made in
response to an inquiry following repre
sentations by this government.
HELD FOR ROBBERIES
Losses Of American 00 Com
panies In Tampko Laid
House Committee Agrees On
Inclusion Of Wearing Ap
parel In Provisions.
Bitter Charges Against Meth
ods Made By Dr Lewis
By Raymond Clappei
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Aug. 21. Charges that
the packers through private ownership
of refrigerator cars are able to control
groceries, canned goods and other com
modities, as well as meat shipments in
the southwest, were laid before the
senate aericultural committeo today by
Ir. Lewis H. Haney. .
Haney, who is director of research
and publicity of the Southern Whole
sale Grocer' a ciation and former
head of the department of economics
of the X'niversity of Texas, appeared
in behalf of the Kenyon packer reg
He presented to the committee a
twenty nine page report to back his
statement that private refrigerator
ears give the packers undue advantage
in shippins, and -two petitions, "one
signed by 200 residents of Chattanoo
ga, Teni., rescinding previously ex
Dressed opposition to the Kenyon bill,
and a second signed bv 1000 residents
of San Antonio in support of the meas
ure. . .'
- In explaining his statements to the
committee. Hanev said the packers aff
able to make deliveries in fonr daya
fr.un Kansas l itv to Gore, Oklahoma, a
distance of 311 miles. Using ordinary
freight facilities".. it requires a whole
saler in Forth Smith, Ark four days t
make deliveries to Gore, though tlio lat
ter town is only 48 miles from Fort
Smith. Haney 's report included scores!
of instances of this sort.
"The packers are rapidly progressing
toward the formation of a food trust,"!
said Dr. Haney. "The wholesale grocers j
are the first to feel this. The packers
have been gaining dominance m the
distribution of food products, not by
fair and free competition, but through
their special advantages in transporta
tion; through control over the supply of
canned goods and other food products
and throush their financial' power. -
"They are using their private refrig
erator cars, for which they get specially
expedited service to transport uonper-
ishable groceries. Througa tins exclu
sive service thev are fastening a monop
oly on the country. They are cxercrs-
ine the power of a common earner with
out being subject to any or the duties oi
a common carrier.". -
During the war end again this spring,
Dr. Hanev said, the packers endeavored
to get ho'd o fthe supplies of rice, beans,
canned fruits and canned vegctauies.
To this end they bid up the prices.
"The packers combination represents
a new menace in the way of trusts,"
Dr. Haney declared, 'fin that they are
combining the eontvol of different erli
cle which are substitutes for oiie an
"Even in the days of the Standard
Oil trust, this organization did not seek
control over coal," he continued. "But
we find the packers dominating the
No Vote To Be Taken on Sen
ator's Plan For Settling
By, L. C. Martin ;
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Aug. 21, Senator Pittman's resolution
embodying President Wilson's suggestion for peace treaty
reservations outside of the resolution of ratification is t
lie on the table indefinitely", democratic leaders said to
day. - ":v- '".-.'" - '"' v .v-'-.- -''-'-:
Mexico City, Aug. 21 (United Press)
The Mexican government has com
plete confidence in the good intentions
-nrl lin BTltnt OI lUStlCC Ul X
Wilson and the American people, Sec
Rtnt.e Berlin told the United
p,,., tn,lv. when asked for an expres
inn nt oninion on the cross of the inter
national boundary by American troopi
near Candclaria; Texas. .. .
TWaWlont Cnrrnnza asked tor nis ouiii-
n'nf the incideut, said Ambassador
Bonilus in Washington had been m
Laredo, Texas, Aug. 21. Charges that
Carranza soldiers have been Implicated
in the robbery of American oil compan
iea in the Tampico district have resulted
in a number of .arrests in Donna Cecilia,
a suburb of Tampico, according to reli
able information in Nuevo- Laredo to
Say. .- "
- Mexican secret agents, posing as sol
diers, have been working in oil cem
mdnds iu the Tampio district for scv
eral weeks. Yesterday agonts under
Orlos Orozco maclo. tlie arrests, which
are said . to include members of the
gang which, robbed, several American
sailors from. the Ameriean warship Chey-
enno, recently, : . t . . '
Delayed messages received trom Mon-
tcr,cy,'ln Neuvo Laredo 'oflay stated a
mass meetinaL held in. Monterey Tuesday
Thiglit to protest "tne American puiittivc
expedition south of. candeiaria ,vas at
tended by. thousands of person. :
Governor Zambrano of Nuevo Leon,
a speech, urged there be no violencej but
deplored the fact the Americans nao en
tered Mexico. He was enthusiastically
cheered;,' - "" '- .'-... '" .
Dispatches, from Mexico City declared
that Bafael :Nieto, former sub-secretary
of the treasury, published an open let
ter in Mexico City today, declaring that
the assassin of Peter Ctonc, art Ameri
can recently killed and robbed of cattle
ou his ranch near. San Luis Potosi, was
Elenar Bequerro, a subordinate of Gen
eral Larrasa, Carranza commander. Nio
to said the f net was well known in San
Luis Potosi and that Larraga'a troops
hod threatened to mutiny.
Seauerro is now.secreted under protect
rinn nf I.srrana on a ranch near Han
Luis Potosi.'the letter stated.
STEARNS DENIES FEW
FIRMS WERE FAVORED
(Continued on page three)
i . ,ni - ,,-r
(Continued on fae three)
Washington, Aug. 21 (United Press)
Extension of the federal food control
net to includo wearing apparel and giv
ng the department of justice power to
act against profiteering retailers, were
agreed upon by the house agricultural
The amendments to the war tune act
will be reported to the hou.ie late today
and consideration asked tomorrow,
Chairman Taugen said.
The committeo also agreed to penulties
of $5000 fine and imprisonment for two
years as the punishment for hourdcra
and profiteers, as asked by Attorney
General Palmer, but withheld authority
to act against farmers and farm organ
Tho 4iogiam- of allowing the pres!
dent to fix prices on all cOmuioditie
was reiected. - - ' - - . t
Authority to teach xctailers anil other
little profiteers was given. " r "
Senator Wal.fh, Massachusetts, today
proposed an attack on the profiteers
from a new angle in a resolution direct
ing the president to make available to
a proposed senate committee income tax
data showing profits of large corpora
tions and business euncerns.
Walsh ' resolution stated tliht the
names of concerns who "took advan
tage of the distressed condition Of thei
country dunne the War to amass
wealth " should be known to the pub
Walsh farther asked for the names
of "dollar a year" men and other gov
ernment emnlores rwho directly or indi
reetlv oljtaiued eovernmcnt contracts! TU' Apple Grove Debatin' club met
dnrinu thn war. ilast niifht an' resolved that th' feller
: that drinks hair tonic hain't worth
Swansea. Wales. Drums of mustard "savin'. Sometimes a vacation benefits
gas washed ashore here caused several a tommunity more n it docs tn loins
bathers to be badly burned f.ud gassed, that take it.
Senator Lodge, republican leadci, sent I
a special call to all -republican senators
to be in their places when the senate
met, in. anticipation of a vote on the
Pittmau measure, but Pittman decided
not to call it up today. . '
Later democratic senators explained
that Pittman had never ' intended to
bring it to a. vote, although Pittman
himself said yesterday he did so intend.
He merely introduced it as a suggestion
to resetvationiBts, Senator Hitchcock ex
Had it been called up republicans
were tcady to send it to tho foreign
relations committee, which wouid have
killed it. Many domocrats also advised
against letting it come to. ft vote now,
on the jrround that it would eommit
the, party and still leave the republicans
frcis to put tesorvationa in tlie resolu
tion of ratification. i ,;
After eonf orenccs of democrats and
rcpublieans, Pittman decided to com
pose, a statement which,-if was announ
ced, he wUl issued later in the day.
Dt; John C. Ferguson, adviser to tne
nreiridcnt, of China.- on the Bliantung
iirrrl. was acaln before the senate for-
oign relations committee today, tie torn
how Japan forced uninn. to accept mo
twenty-one domands made early in 1915.
Amomr other threats by which Japan
irn iikiI her will. Ferguson sain, was ouc
that Japan would not return Kiab Chow
to China unlesa tie twonty one, demands
wero granted. ' '
Tho American minister in Pckin, Fer
guson said nrged the Chinese government
to refuso to agroe to tne oemanuo.
did not know whether Minister Bcinsch
did this under instructions from wasn
!nf nn ni fin Tim nwn initiative.
Fnriruson " said the Lansing-Ishaii
agreement was "very unfortunate,
ei.tno'. Tniiit. nf view. '
Bejection by treaty opponents of
President Wilson's suggestion that the
reservationists content themselves with
.onnrnte. interpretative resolution,
.,..!. ... Bniintnr Pittman introduced yes
todnv to the
iriuii, t ,
i...f mr,v in the administration cam
paign. Bcfusnl to accept tne ritimuu
plan was followed By equany v...,,.iwv
disavowal by Senator Hitchcock, the ad
ministration leader, of Pittaman's rese
lution as an administration measured
Though Pittman averred that his reso
lution was intended to carry out President-
Wilson 's personally expressed idea
of the way the domands of reservation
should be taken care of, Hiteheoek U)r
c tared that he was as much against any
sort of reservations as he evet was. , "
Senators McNaryi Kellogg, MeCum
ber, Colt and othcra of the "mild teaer
vation group,' Iiodge, Brandge nd
Knox, of those who Want rescivatioaa
with "teeth," and Borah and Johnson,
standard bearers of the'" kill it" squid,
all declared tho president proposal of
resolution interpreting .the American ur- ,
derstanding of the treaty 's proviaioM
separate from he tf solntion tat" ca
tinn will not ba accottedV"""'
Soon after the Pittmun resolution was
introduced, Hitchcock sounded MaNaty,
leader of the miumeup,,auqu sic
Narv told Hitchcock that n plan whieh
does not include in tlt watrnment ot
ratification the1 reservations or inter
pretations will be accepted. , .
i. . ti
force the senate to vote aquareiy on im
issue of ratification ot rejections.
General Wosd Best &a At
Chicago,. Aug. 21. Major Oeneral
Leonard, Wood was best man'at thm
wedSino of a comrade fighting ma
here last night.
Out at Camp 'Punston, Kansas, a yraar
ago, Colonel IP. J. McTontteH, ehief of
staff- at the cantonment, met Mi
Katherine Farrell of Wilkes Hnrre,
Ta., who had volunteered for war work,
as a typist. Both wanted to go over--sea
So they kind of worked in sympathy-
, . ,
Last night the couple wero roame
at St. Ambrose's church here. Wood
ond McConncll had campaigned togeth
er in the Philippines...
Claims "Cost Plus" Corpora
tions Furnished Little Air
Seattle. Wash., Aug. 21.-1 tUn
eight per, cent of the airplane spruce
nrnduced duriniz the. war came irom iour
favored corporations, which employed
anldinr labor, it developed from the tes
timony of Colonel C. B. Stearns, former
chief of staff in spruce production rti
vision under Brigadier General Hric.c r,
Disque, at the hearing betorc tne con
gressional investigating commiixee to
The balance of the spruce destined
for airplane construction 82 per cent
as turned out by private mills and log
ging camps which nna to cope -wun i.
W. W sabotage and other lorms or in
dustrial unrest. ...
The four "cost plus" corporations
that turned out less than 8 per cent of
the total spruce production were tne
fjiems-Carey-H. 8. Kerbaugh corpora
tion, Wnrrcu Spruce company, Airplane
Spruce company, and the Grant Smith-
Porter Brothers company.
Colonel Stearns' admission that the
four "cost plus" companies produced
only 7.4 per cent of the airplane spruce
during the period of the wai a year
and seven months was gained after a
spirited cross examination of an hour
and a half by Representative w. w.
Gee of New York.
"The United States will not be out of
pocket more than 12,000,000 as a result
Oi tne aenviut's vi bp"-v
rvinnrt Ktearns told the committee.
"I have here a salvage statement is
sued by the spruce,, division," Repre
sentative McGce informed the witness.
"It says here that railroad construction
IMMENSE PEARL HARBOR
DRYDOCK IS DEDICATED
Mrs. Josephus Daniels Offi
dates At Opening Of
Gates This Morning.
which King Knniohrimcha greeted th
first American warship. - , ; ,
The tnige naval drydoefc, dedicate
today at Honolulu is largo enough to
dock the largest warship now afloat
or in contemplation, It represents an
.xpenditure of $9,000,000 and ten year
of construction work.
The structure ha been one- of th
most difficult engineering project
ever undertaken bv the navy. It
practically completed in 191J,
(Continued off fajfo three)
By M. . Tracr ,
(trnited Press staff correspondent)
Honolulu, Aug. 21. Mrs. Josephine
Dnniola wifft nf the secretary of the
' . .... ... il.. . tl&m
navy, pressed a nuiton anoruy
10 o'clock tins morning, opinung iu
o.,f nf ir Hnr inr arvaocK.
'.HnnrtrpHs of whites. Hawaiiuns and
.Tapaneoa witnessed the ceremony that,
according to Secretary Daniels, mark
ed the opening of a new era in tne nis
lorv nf tho Hawaiian Islands.
Secretary Daniels in tne cnier
th ceremonies, declared tne
dock will bo open to merchant ships
as well as ships of war. He said he ex
pected make Pearl Harbor one or lue
world' greatest marine stations.
Daniels' appeared draped in flowe
wreath, according to the quftint'old
Hawaiian custom. The wreaths had
been placed across his shoulders upon
his arrival. They signified friendship.
Mrs. Daniels was also decked with long
wreaths of brilliant native flowers.
A feature of the reception given the
supcr-dreadnaught New York, which
brought .Daniels and ins pariy new, ,
was a duplication of the welcome giv- chi Aug. 21.Seven hundred u
en the f .est American warsh.p whwh t 0B ,trik.
visited the islands nearly a century . ., f .hno. .a
ago. Scores of native out-rigger canoeelhero today closing scores f
met the New York in the harbor and j throwing 2000 persons out
preceded it up the channel. In this Dyers want $ .0 a week, wh lo c lean
parade was Duke Kahonambku, the lers want $40. Both have nsked a closed
swimmer, riding in the same canoe iu shop. .
being, pumped out, when it was twist
ed into a shapeless mass by the prea
surc of water.
It was reconstructed on a still larg
er scale. As completed, the drydock ia
1001 feet long, 32a feet leep and 138
feet wide at the top.
' TBAIN HELD OP
Nashville, Te.m., Aug. 21, Threa
masked bandits held up a Louisville and
Nashville passenger train between -Columbia
and Pulaski early today nnd
escaped with valuable mail and eipreas
packages. ;. ' '
DYERS AND CLEANEES 8TEIKE