Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
5250 ORCULATIOir ;
(25,000 READERS DAILY)
' Only Circulation in Salem Ouar-
nnteed by the Audit Bursa, a of
FULL LEASED WIRE
VALLEY NEWS 8EBVICB
Oregon: Tonight and Friday w
fair, gentle westerly wind.
OSfcTRAINB AND Kiw t
; bt andh nv J ours J
FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 198. TEN PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 22, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ra rt n '7n r n ?
rrtrir Krtv c
" I 1 C U U t IU U I U U I U U t-
t . m i mi . t t v .
Pursuit Of Banfits By "S.
Cavalrv Troon Goes v V
EVERY HOUSE SEARCHED
FOR MEMBERS OF GANG
Captain Matlock Returns To
; Marfa To Report Progress
. Of Invading Force. ;
Marfa, Texas, Aug. 22 With four
Mexican outlaws, killed by American
troops in Mexico, the United States
cavalrymen resumed their saddles ear
ly today to finish their cleanup of the
bad lands south of the Big Bend.
" iC&ptain Leonard Matlack, who ar
rived by airplane last night with the
niinii nC fho ftrut ifarrl fiaht wirli ilmp-'
' der brigands in a canyon blockhouse,
A . i . . i.;- 3 l iL. 1
was 10 return to ills men iuuv uy iuc ,
same air route. His explanation that
he galloped off with Lieutenant Paul I
Davis without nayine the balance of '
the $15,000 ransom beeauee the Mexi-1
caa kidnapers treacherously plotted to 1
ma mm, was huuujjicu vy mnjur ucn-
eral J. T. Dickman, commander of the
southern department. At a conference
between Dickman and leading officers
here it was decided to continue tha
nere H was ueciaeu io conuiiue iuu
hunt below the iborder fail a chance i
remained of encountering any Mexican
. .. .A v&
; . .. .&'.. .
! The troops are following the trail of j before the pact is ratified. . ..
V Mexicans who escaped in yesterday's I This argument that normal coiidi
fight. The six were surrounded in an tions and lower prices await peace is
adobe house in a mountain pass. In the ( regarded as the pne th president is
faee of the Mexicans fire from win-most likely to stress, if ho goes on the
1'raneisco Jauif and a fourth unidenti
niajF nuiDU t n u if ''n
fied Mexican. The trio were bandits
witi records of murder and other
' crimes.' ' ;
'Every heuse in the path 'of the Am
ericans' advhnce is being searched and
other possible hidSng places of bandits
are being sought out by the United
States troops, trovisions bought in
Mexican hamlots or at ranches are be
ing paid for with American eurrency.
Besides carrying orders to the cavalry
men in the field, tiirplanos carried
funds to the commanders of the Am
erican columns, Despite absence - of
suitable landing places and danger
from Mexican snipers, the American
aviators are keeping up communica
tion and liaison with the pursuing
forces. Both air and mounted forces
Ifave so far suffered no casualties al-
. though undergoing severe hardships.
, Carranzisrta troops encountered in
the', pursuit have . offered no opposi
tion to the Americans. Captain Mat
lack declared that the Carranza com
mander when the bandit hunting mis
sion of the Americans was explained to
him. said "go ahead," to Matlack.
PRESIDENT AJSi SECRETARY
Wnshinirtoil. Aiiw. 22 'PresiflPTit Wil
son and Secretary Lansing conferred
tor more than an nour at the White
It was intimated that thev had un
der consideration the reply to the pro
i . ir..;.... ..-A
the request that troops of the Eighth
cavalrv sent across the Mexican bor
der in pursuit of the bandits be with
Lansing was expected to forward the
reply to the Mexican government to
day. The state department will ex
plain the necessity for sending an ex
"edition after the .bandits who, this'gome orifice in return for the fillies'
country wi.;:, ssa i captured by 1 gervices?"
the troops on the scene. ' 1
Mexican press dispntdhes received in
Washington today indicate that the
general public is not alarmed over the
present situation. The war department
today was informed that army air
planes and border patrol cavalry are
searching for the two aviators, Second
Lieutenant Wahrhouse and iHilot Con
nelly who disappesred Wednesday
near the southern California border.
The course of the aviators was prac
tically parallel to ami 6ver the Mexi
can border. It is foarcd the. aviators
may have landed in Mexico and suf
fered capture by banuitaas did the
two army aviators recently kidnapped
in Mexico near the Texas border.
-Laredo, Tex. Aug. Zi. Mexican of
ficials in Nuevo i.aredo today were
investigating a report fro m Albert'
Von Hotfman, who said that he was1 a
"business man of St. Louis and that he
was robbed of $10,000 in cah and a
Masonic charm, valued nt 2.100 by
Mexican soldiers, presumably Carran
zistas. - . ;
London. Carifully bnr:iislied eon-
dewed milk cans and Bovril bottles
formed " currency for the troops oper
atinir in Portugese East Africa. The
mnT milk run were nisniv reieeniea dt
... .... .
native belles for nerklacea.
AGAIN FOREMOST IN
Wilson SHU Considering Dir
ect Appeal To People In
Fight For. Ratification Of
Washington,, Aug. 22 (United Press)
President Wilson's proposed tour of
the county was again coming, to the
front in treaty discussions today, as a
result of developments since Tuesday,
when the president met the senate for
eign relations committee.
Boports coming mostly from the Capi
tol that the president's trip had been
abandoned are denied nt the White
House, although it is admitted that
plans are still indefinite. - :
Developments have not been .such as
to- encourage the belief that the presi
dent would be able to get the treaty
and ler.goe covonant ratified without
an appeal direct to the pcoplo, it is
pointed out by the president 's support
ers. Some of the. developments cited
The White House conference so far
apparently has changed no senator's at-
'titude toward the treaty, although ad-
ministration supporters - are still eonfi-
J..-I. 1.1. .1. ........ 14. -.Ill U IU o I
ueuv mat icsuiis ni uo m mu hl-i. a
The Pittsnian resolution, embodying
rnsnrvHtinna to bo adouted genarato
from the ratification act, which the
ref)iderit jlag indicated is as far as he
jg a present "Willing to CO toward
compromise, lias been pigeonholed. j
Thfl fienate foreign relatione commit-
tee has decided to go ahead with hear-
. ... ,,, t.(,, ,i.t..,i
'nSs ' w I1 de aJ .K'
the declaratiou by the president that
the country cannot get oacn to uuriuui
; ...... , ,
LONDON INTEREST IN '
PEACE PACT REVIVED
President Wilson's Testimony
To Senate Committee Is
London, Aug. 22. (United Prcss.r
Kevived interest in the league of na
tions and in the proceedings at the
peace conference has resulted hero from
President Wilson's testimony before
the senate foreign relations committee.
The allies' concealment of secret trea
ties strengthened Wilson's morai posi
tion, says the- Manchester Guardian,
which wonders why tho president did
not use his position more fully. The pa
per supposes he was forced to niake a
iliffiniilt (linine between the acceptance
!..,. vow iinfuvorahle tmint or the
possible breaking up or the peace co
rL t. .L. 1. l.u.
It hopes the price of nil these
paid in return tor tne
league of nations, will not be lost.
The Daily Graphic, commenting on
Wilson's conference with the "senators,
declares there is one aspect with regard
in the difficulty over Article a
w'8n heavl,y 0,1 America. Had
it not been for the endurance and sac
rifice of the allies, the editor declares,
the Monroe doctrine would not be much
today f besides a sweet memory .con
trolled by Germany."
"That being tho case," the paper
fciaks. "why shouldn't America maKe
Sieep Herder Heavily Fined
For Causaig rire In torest
Pendleton, Or., Aug. 22. James Ross,
shecpherder paid a hoUvy fine here ycs -
terdav following his arrest ana conres-
.ion that a camp fire he left burning,
caused a forest fire to bum over ;wou
acres of greasing land in- the Wcnaha
Other valuable land and timber is en
dangered by. the Wenaha blae which
is still burning.. Those battlii.g the
flames have made little progress due to
The fire in the Salmon river district
is still raging, having swept into the
dense timber. It has burned over thou
sands of acres.
Portlanders Purchase Armv
Eoods To hkai Of $6,009
Portland. Or., Ang. 22. Six thousand
dollars worth of army , food has been
sold through the Portland office lo date.
The canned cherries allotment has
' . . . i . j-. j i
heen exftnustPd. vorn, pens nnu
were also popular sellers.
THREE RAILROAD STRIKES
LEAVE LOS ANGELES CUT
OFF FROLI SHIRE WORLD
' Los Angeles) Cal., Aug. 22. Thie
separate strikes of railway switchmen
of the Southern Pacific, Santa Fe and
Salt Lake steam lines last night resulted
in the complete severance of Xm An
geles from steam railroad connection
with the rest of the nation.
. Cars lire lined on the tracks this morn
ing and being switched by officials of
the railroads. ,
The strike grew out of the present Pa
cific Electric interurban strike, when
several switchmen, were discharged for
refusing to handle P. E. freight trains.
The switchmen's strike followed a de
mand for their reinstatement. Compan.i
officials claim they were not given time
to act upon the matter.
. Hundreds of disappointed travelers
crowded tho Southern Pacific depot
here last night All were refunded inon
ev on tickets purchased. Although rail
road officials hold out hope for a quick
recovery, they will not guarantee that
service will be restored today.
FOR STATE SEMI
Committee Named To Com
plete Arrangements Of
At a recent meeting of the temporary
stnte exeoutive committee of the Ainer-
ean Legion, the national organization
W1 men wuuh ui .me iuiuiui
iwcea ot tiie United fctates in the war
was completed preparatory to. handling
the Oregon cqnventiou in September.
The state executive committee an
nounced to continue in office until the
election of September 17 is composed of
the following: E. J. Kivers, chairman;
W. B. FpUettlof Eugene; vice-chairman;
Dow y.: Walker, 'secretary; Barge E.
Leonard, treasurer; ' Prescott , "Rooklng
ham, chaifniau finaiuse committee; Jer
irold Owen, chairman publicity commit
tee; C. R. Peek and T. A. Sweeney of
Portland, Charles Erakine of Bund, Ivan
G.. McDaniels of Salem, Dr. L. Scaife of
Eugene, Bpv Sparks ,of McMiiinville,
Asa W. Battles of Prinevillc, J. B. Hin-
mnnn nt & etnrin . Tlnn FUher nf MarRta-
field,- Fred Stoiwer, of Pendleton and
Everett .May of La Grande, members
of the state committee; .
..On the state convention committee
were named E. C. Sammons, chairman;
Ben L. Norden, Harry M. Grayson, X.
A. Sweeney -and Dean It. Hayc. Theo
dore Roosevelt Jr., will deliver the open
ing address of the convention, to which
former sorvice men from all parts of the
state will be delegates.
PRESIDENT WAV MEET:
PERSHING ON REUTRN
Wilson Not Expected To Be In
San Francisco For Re
view Of Fleet.
Washington, Aug. 22 (United Press)
President Wilson may go to New
York to greet Genoral Pershing) who is
expected to arrive from overseas about
September 6 or 9, it was announced r.t
the White House today.
It was also announced that the presi
dent will declare a holiday for the pa
rade of the First division in Washing
ton, bepteinper ltt, aitnougn no may not
be in the capital on that date it lie goes
on his league of nations tour
It is not believed probable that the
president will be in Sau Francisco to
planned. It would be necessary for him
w ; -
to go direct to the coast and give up
his plun of niuking speeches en route.
Paris, Awe. 22. General Pershing re
turned to Paris today from liis visit to
jjome mi italiau battlefields,
P I noA, T, Iln Vnr
Ujivtu vvuiuuo awuv vijj a i
Elgin Road Race Saturday
Elgin, III.. Aug. 22. (United Press.)
Final triul spins on the eight and one-
half mile course were scheduled by driv
ers Wduy in preparation for tomorrow's
301-mile road race.
Kurt Hitke still held the trial record
of 6:17 for the stretch ,or two seconds
slower than the 1913 record.
. .LIBERTY BOND QUOTATIONS
. Autr. 22. Liberty bond
3U.'. oo on- first A' ftim
second 's, 92.80;
a i i m ?a. 4......i.
mini , .
vietory 3 ', 99.66; 4 99.00
No Consistent " Reductica In
In Cost Of Living Yet Ap
parent In US.
UNITED PRESS SURVEYS
MARKETS OF BIG CITIES
Drive 0a Profiteers Nets
Small Resslt At Close Of
New Yorkt.; Aug. 2. America 's war
against high prices and tie profiteer
has not yet reached a stage where any
consistent (eduction in the cost of liv
ing is perccpitblc. Food prices in some
cities have taken drop In the past
month, "'buf; m 'Others ttey have ad
vanced and in Si great many instances
they have: remained stationary. , ,
These are the exclusions based on re
ports received today- by the. United
Prcsa from nine cities, representative of
mi -A j.- . ' .
niwui x lie repuruf.aeui wiin live com
modities butter, eggs, bacon bread
and potatoes.' All. the prices quoted
were obtained fro mtlic "cash a:-d' car
ry " stores, where additional charges for
credit accounts and delivery are 'elimi
nated, :nnd where prices aro considered
to be lowest and moro uniform.
New York still maintains its rcputa
tion as the highest priced city, although i
the figures show that the downward ten
dency has. been mora general in that'
?ity. ". St. Paul is tife cheapest city in
which' to live, the reports indicate,' J
'Tho prices aro comparative for a
month's time, those of July 21. being
matched against thos,e of August 21.
New, York during that time saw de
creases in three products. The best
lk bttcr topped from 87 to 63 cent
a pound, the price of eggs fell from 80
to 78 cents a dozen -and standard becon
decreased from 57 to 55 cents a pound, i
Bread Tomained stationary at 10 cents,
a loaf, and potatoes, priced in ten pound!
lots were the same at 30 cents.
Only three cities, Now York, San
Francisco and St. Louis were spared in- J
creases in price. In Washington only
.ono product was lowered in price. The
litem was potatoes, which sold at 43
cents for ten pounds yesterday com
pared with 46 cents a month ago. Eggs
roso from 50 to 53 cents. Other prices
remained the same, as follows: Butter
61 cents, bacon 60 cents.
The drive on the profitteer brought
scarcely any more comfort to Cleveland.
In the Ohio city eggs which sold for
51 cents a month ago were quoted at 12
cents more yesterday, while the amount
asked for potatoes had risen from 45 to
52 cents. Butter now selling at 57 cents
had registered a three-cent reduction,
while a half cent was being saved in
bread, whieh was formerly 11 cents a
lonf. Bacon was nt 50 cents, having
dropped ono cent.
Typical of their rivalry on all mat
ters, Ban Francisco and Los Angelesies to oust Joseph ng head of" the Hun
failed to agree, even on tho high coat
of living issue. Snn Francisco, however,
seined to be somewhat less expensive.
At tho Golden Gate they , aro pnying
60 cents for butter, the same figure
which prevailed a month ago; the price
. j Aneeles had dropped from 66
to 03 centg Ran Francisco Pggs c03t 60
cpntg ypBtcrdfiyi iiavillg dropped two
tche whie in ti,e movie city the
, , , , wns vnl(ed at 63 cenl ft.
, er aluinijincf from OH.
In San Francisco, those who paid cash
for their bacon and liberally brought It
home, expended 63 cents, five cents less
than on July 21. In Los Anycles the
prico had dropped from 63 to 60. Bread
had remuined at 10 cents in both cities.
San Francisco continued to pay 30 cents
for potatoes while the Los Angeles gro
cers demanded 45, 'a five cent rise in a
jnonth. ' -(
PALMER URGES HASTE XH
ORGANIZATION OF FAIR
Washington, Aug. 22 (United Press)
Hcste in the organization of fair price
associations was urged by Attorney Gen
eral Palmer today as a means of bring
ing down retail prices, shown in data
enthored by the United Press to have
been practically unchanged during the
The associations will be made up by
Representative retailers, wholesalers
and representatives of the public. Thej
ill make up fair price lists with wluctt
v.im. nia. in
halt profiteering by. re
........ 411. Di.'vn can lieur h ' door slam with vour'tioiis annear to 'be the chief factor. As
h,,,,,, formed in Washington, Cleveland
T : '
(Continued on page tnree)
CAKT2RES BUSY THIS
WEEK PACKING PEARS
mn ALL OVER STATE
A visit to the Salem canneries this
morning shows the Barlott pear as tho
big idea for the time being, with' several
hundred women hustling them into cans.
Probably there are from 30 to 40 ar
loads of the fruit now ripening in the
storage rooms and as many more are on
the way, some 15 to 20 cars coming from
the Rogue River, valley. Of necessity
the canning stock is of medium bizo an
to all appearances the quality is up to
the standard of other seasons. It be
comes more and more evident that the
early estimates on the crop were too
conservative. Along with the pears go
thousands of eratea of evergreen black
berries the fruit which a few years ago
was treated as a pest and a joke. It is
now oomiug in by the ton and has gain
ed such a prestige among canners and
shippers that it ranks close to the logan
berry. There is an outside demand for
every pound that can be picked and re
ports from other points in the valley go
to show that it is proving a most valu
able crop. One cannery has an order
for 30,000 worth of the fruit from one
company in the middle west. Tho rul
ing price is about 8 cents a pound,
which means a larger margin of profit
to the growers than was realized on lo
ganberries, since the evergreen requires
'Along with these two fruits, tho can
neries are still handling string beans in
limited quantities. The hot, dry weath
er has ent short the crop on the uplands,
but an immense tonnage will come from
the Lake Labish district and other bot
tom and the local plants expects to work
on the different varieties uiitil the first
of October. '' '
Head Of Hungarian Govern
ment Resins And Returns
Paris, Aug, 22.-Arcli(luko Joseph has
resigned as head of the Hungarian gov
ern-meut and has left Budapest, a VI
enna dispatch to the Agences Dadio ro
Archduke Joseph surprised the world
when he regained power for a Htpsburg
in Hungary at the time the Kumnman.
troops occupied Budapest. His ascent
to control of the government followed
the brief administration of Premier
Julius IVidi, who formed a socialist cab
inet after Bcla Kuu had been over
Joseph's government has been held
unrepresentative of the country and has
been charged with reactionary inten
tions, even the restoration of the mon
archy. Foreign Minister Lovassy, how-
cvor, in an interview with the United
States published yesterday, declared
Joseph would resign in a month, as soon
as the national assembly was establish
Joseph never received recognition
from the allios, although it was report
ed-that entente representatvics in Buda
pest had established an understanding
Allies Refused Recognition.
Paris. Autr. 21. (Delayed.) After
Herbert Hoover's protest against Arch
duke Joseph, in which he urged the nl
garion government and permit the es
tablishment of n-popular government
the council of five notified tho arch
duke that the allies would not treat
with a member pf tho Hapsburg dynas
ty. They declared also that thev would
not recognize his government, it beca-nis
Ford is that
covered," said Miss Tawney Ap-
n!- t'.iiv Tt .noma llkn Siinrf.iv t' be
r . V . " '
out o aeui.
POPULACE Of UPPER
SILESIA IS CHARGE
i :" 'By Carl D. Groat ,v
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Berlin, Aug. 21. Declaring that Ger
many ha-d resorted to massacre in Upper
Silesia in order to establish her power
before the plebiscite was held, the Pol
ish secretary of war, Yorfahti, pleaded
today that the allies send a commission
to organize the country and preserve
1 ' The Germans are killing peaceful
citizens in Upper Silesia," Yorfanti in
serted, "Travelers from that district
told me that sixteen persons were exe-'
cuted at Gleiwitz in one day without a
trial. Tho impression is that the Ger
mans are trying to shoot prominent
Poles so asto disorganize the country
and have an excuse to massacre the pop
ulation, thus improving Germany 'a
chances in the plebiscite."
Yorfanti declared that Hoersing, Ger
man commander in Upper Silesia, was
well aware that Minister of War Noske
was responsible for introducing, martial
law against the Poles in order to aid tho
German movement for a tavorable ple
'At Myslowiw," Yorfanti said,
seven workers were killed , while"
awaiting their pay. Peaceful citizens
also were killed at Zalez and were or
dered to raise their hands and then
were shot. 'Near Rybnlk a woman was
shot in the back while searching for
"The miners strike, in which 200,-
000 men are participating, is a monster
protest of all the Inhabitants against
the German administration. There a no
Bolshevism in Silesia' tout we must de
mand that the entente send a military
commission immediately to install, a
loint German-Polish ; administration.
The alles must exercise their authority
to withdraw the German troops, raise
tho siege and halt the massacres.
If the entente nations will not
send troops to pacify tho district, lot
them give a mandate to tho PolcV"
It is believed likely that tho Jfolieit
delegation will leave for Warsaw to-1
morrow. ..-'."' . ' ' '
Coeiir D'AIene Forest Fires
Still Rage Unchecked Today
. Coer D'Alene, Idaho, Aug. 22,- Fitcs
ar unchecked today. Tne upuer
D'AloneB are' smoked-palled. Business
is Interrupted Jn many cities, ; A. rain
of ashes is falling in Wallace. '
Tho Placer creek fire south of Wal
lace has jumped its bounds and . has ad
vanced in the teeth of a- wind. ,
- Crown fires are leaping tho tree tops
on Steamboat creek. " ''
America Fe e I i n g R e s u 1 1 s of I
World War Nearly As Sharply
As Europe Declares financier
'New York, Aug. 19. This country
is passing through one of the great, if
not the greatest, crises in its history.
Though far distant from tho sent of
war, and much less injured than any
of the combatants, we are feeling the
economic results almost as sharply, a
they. The. very fact that we suffered
less means that we must help more;
hence in tho work of reconstruction our
burdens are actually much heavier than
we had ever expected them to be. We
havo not only been obliged to feed
Burope moro freely than usual with
our spar grain and meat; but -n,ow
that peaeo is here we are also called
upon to suddenly furnish immense quan
tities of cottonj copper, petroleum and
steel products, in order to till up the
void created by five yeara of intense
destruction. Europe 'g demands are not
cany to measure. In addition to those
just mentioned we have been called
upon to provide ships, coal, credit and
many other things formerly obtained
from other Bourres. Bucn exceptional
demands forced high prices in every
direction, and the urgency of thcae re
quirement enubles liubor to insist upon
higher and higher wages, uomestic ex
trttvugnncc is ulso an important cle
ment in high prices. Whether these
movements have reached' their climax
or not depends upon how far the de
mand has been met. When buyers cease
striving for goods, because either sat
isfied or exhausted, then the advance
will surely end and dullness ensue un
til demand receives fresh stimulus
from new inquiries or lower prices. As !
long as these conditions laat, it is use-1
less to expect industrial .stability. He-
turn to the normal will require many
months of largo. product and hard work
The federal reserve board wisely said
that the only cure for the present crisis j Stockholders have little to fear in
is '"work and save." This applies to either direction for the roads are at
all classes of workers, those of hand; low ebb in their financial affairs, and
and head aliko. ithe government will be obliged to pay
Washington as a Factor . a fair price for properties which could
Wnnliiiurtnn will he the center of in-i nut hit timiIuckiI nt anvthins- like pres-
'terest for the ibalance of the year at
i least. On the surface our foreign rela
a matter of reality, our industrial prob
lema are at far more Dressinir import -
mi ' .
io oiujhujo ui r'ii
o f ii e liii 1 1: c is
Deliberations Of Fcreia Re
btioss Ccsssittee To Ee .
Further Drawn Out. .
FRIENDS OF TREATY TO
seek Aaicn at c:;ce
Far - Eastern Expert Tells
Keassns For hrecits
Stand. On Sharfu.
By Ik O. Martin
(United Press staff correspondent)!,
Washington, Aug. 22, Decision ot
the senate foreign relations commit
tee to lengthen hearings on the" treaty '
still further by granting a hearing to
Greek, Irish and Egyptian and mid
Kuropcan rcpreecntntives, threatened
today to renew the agitation for tak
ing the treaty out of the committee '
A majority pf the- committee tiofc
the position that tflie subject oeoplea .
who did not get satisfaction at Paris -
should be -allowed to . air-their griev
ances..-' i - r-T ; I"
Senator Hitchcock ndminietraUeB.
leader, was preparing today to deliver
his speech ngaiuat textual amendment,
but may not be able to get the (floor.
President Wilsoij felt that, unfor
tunately, "-his fourteen, penee .points
were not broad enough to onable hita
to prevent the transfer; of Shantung
to Japan, Prof, K. T, Williams, of tha
University of California, far eastern
expert who was technical adviser to
the American peace ide.legktion in Par
is, told the foreigrl- t&ittiiqn3,livi1tte ,
today. ;': ";.'".' .;;:-
," The president told me. Franc and
Great Britain had agreements with Ja
pan for the disposition 6f Shantung,"
said Professor Williams, "'iue war, b
said, seemed to have been (fought to
establish the sanctity of treaties and
that though some treaties wero uneon
scienable, they would have to be sup
ported. '.-'. .'"- : '.
."I believe the Kian Chow and Shanr :
tung railroads ought to have gone -
Continued on page four)
at the moment of greater consequence
than playing politics with the peace
treaty. It whs urgent that an immedi
ate check be placed upon the rise in
prices, which may modify tho advanco
in costs somowhiit, but. ennnot atop tha
demands for high wages. The latter aro
based not altogether . upon high prices,
but in part upon tho, desire to sccuro
a larger eharo in the general prosperi
ty as long as it lasts. The railroad
brotherhoods very sensioly took Presi
dent Wilson's advice in regard! to their
tiiglier wage demands, postponing them
for more deliberate consideration ana
without striking. The public weary
of innocently suffering, not only tho
inconvenience of these transportation
strikes, but also of pnying their costa
in higher fares or taxes; and, if labor
leaders persist in pushing those tactic
too far, an unpleasant surprise may bo
in stole for them. The movement for
government ownership has been fairly
launched, and it is practically certain,
that it will be a live issue next elec
tion. The disinterested an thinking
clascs of the United States are on
record as opposed to government own
ership because it destroys personal ini
tiative, the most powerful ineentivo to
all progress. The radicals and the ig
norant favor government ownership for
socialistic and other reasons., Tho great
middle class, the one that will probab
ly ultimately settle the ciuestion,- i
j undecided and slow as tutual in making
up its mind. If the subject is thorough
ly discussed they may prefer privota
ownership, backed by efficient regula
tion, which hitherto has not been in
evidence. Labor eems hardly likely to
jerr by deliberately choosing a system
.that if adopted will eventually result
j in fixed waaes and enmnulsory work.
ent market values.
- 1 Business and Cropo
The vacation period is now at iti
initiative in the financial
i. .n.:,i . ,.
"i uu. ra-