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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View This Issue
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FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 196.--EIGHT PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2& 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
CXNVFRAINB AND HI w
btakds fivb rum
V)or bnmunication Prevents
Reportpt Progress; Car
anzista Troops Aiding.
Marfa, Texas, Aug. 20. The bandit hunt in Mexico
by a small American punitive expedition was being con
tinued today- with communications crippled. Unfavorable
conditions for operation of the army wireless and field
telephone left military headquarters here without further
news up to noon from the Eighth cavalry troopers in the
ragged ujinaga district, oeiowuieuoruer.
Mexican troops under General Piuen
da of Carranza 's army are preparing to
operate in conjunction with the Ameri
can expedition in pursuit of tho bandits,
but precautions are to be taken to avoid
ony contact between the troops, Gen
eral Dickman reported to the war de
Meantime, virtually unlimited author
ity to investigate- the Mexican situation
was given the Fall sub committee by the
senate. It adopted -without debate, a
resolution authorizing the sub-committee
to travel to "nny point where sittings
are necessary," and to compel attend
ance of witnesses. It is generally be
lieved the committee may go to the bor
der,during the inquiry.
, Reports from Colonel Langhornc, for
warded by General Dickman, stated that
the', Americnu cavalrymen 'began to
move forward across the. border at , day
light yesterday. - The center and left
colmns will join the , right column, he
said, after trying to head off the ban
dits, whose , trail the right column Is
Airplanes are keeping in close touch
with the troops.
PLANES JOIN IN SEARCH
TOR BANDITS THIS MORN
...'.El Paso, Texas, Aug. 20,-Four troops
.of the Eighth United States cavalry, re
inforced by four more airplanes from
Fort Bliss, resumed their hunt at dawn
today for the Mexican band which kid
naped Lieutenants Peterson mul Davis.
Aft.nr n nii?ht snout in a firelcss camp
on the barren wastes of the Ojintga'oNE HUNDRED TANKS SENT
country, the American troopers, led by , TO BORDER IN PAST WEEK
Captain Leonard Matlock and with the
two reseued aviators as guides, took up
the almost hopeless chase. A cloudburst
-had obliterated the trail.
Colonel Stearns Admits He
Sent Soldiers Into Woods
To Work for Dollar a Day
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 20. Under se-. "Where is Colonel IMsquc now?"
vere examination by a congressional "Jn New York city connected with
investigating committee, Colonel C. B. the G. Amshig company, 90 Wall
Stearns, former chief of staff in thejstreet."
spruce production division under Bri-."In eonnection with the production
gadier General Brice P. Disque, admit- j side what did you dof"
ted today that it was under his orders "1 approved all matters that I did
hat soldiers in uniform were employ- n't think of enough, importance to go
ed in spruce eamps throughout the , to General Disque. The duty of adjust
northwest at a dollar a day to work ing labor troubles was assigned to me.
alongside of civilians paid $5 a'day.' ,Tf we got report that a camp was
When Colonel Stearns had beon paying too much or too little, I handled
dworn, Bepresentative James A. Frear it. The matter of contracts was left to
of Wisconsin, chairman of the commit- a young man named Crisp. He signed
tee, asked him, sharply: all contracts."
"How did you come to write this,' Colonel Stearns explained that in ad
letter you sent me yesterday!" justing wage disputes he followed di-
The letter, it was disclosed, was'a rections in a bulletin issued by a eom
request that all witnesses before the lutteo of loggers and lumbermen,
committee be sworn to tell the truth, j "What was done with the soldiers.
" "I Bad heard from various sourc- What wages did they get?" .
" wnlipd Colonel Stearns "that all I --.General Di?que made a recommen-
witnesses were not put unocr onm.
"Did Mr. Disque ask you to make
. "iYes, sir-'i '
'I went from tnv father's ranch in
Texas to West Point and graduated in
1909," Stearns said, "trom-there l their jobs. It was also oovious mac ir
went to the Third cavalry as second ( soldiers -were employed at soldier's pay
lieutenant. 1 did duty on the Texas the private operators would be mak
border and was later s?nt to Hawaii. ling lots of money at the expense of
received mv majority in the signal the government. ...
corps in November. W17, and was or-. "Did you ever employ soldiers at
3ered tt report to Cotonel Disque atjsoldier' pay?"
Portland.' v. , ' "The government was employing sol
"Disque asked yon to come here!" idiers at soldiers' pay at first.-When
"Yes, sir." 'they went to private operators the dif-
"Cp until that time yon had lieen fereace between soldiers' pay and the
in the cavalry practieally'all the time fading wage was paid by the operat
"Var. sir." - ors." '
UV with TVemis liofnreT"
uu ,.-.- . -
"Yes, as lieutenant in the Third eav-
airy at Fort Sam Houston in 1910. Ha
was then a first lieutenant or was just
about to be." '
The only contact reported with Mexi
cans was by the pilot of one pkaie which
returned to Maffa with bullet-ruldleft
wings. Three Mexicans fired on the
machine and the observer replied with
a machine gun, killing one Mexican, the
Captain Matlock, who paid $500 of
the $15,000 ransom and. galloped off
with Lieutenant Davis to the stupefied
surprise of the bandits, said before lead-
in his forces oacK into meaco - j. m
Eroinsr to eet back that money.'
inrrenid Kefttuckian. with a record of
18 years in the regular army, is leading
his men over one of the wildest districts
of northern Mexico, cut up by nrroyas,
jagged mountains and marked by des
erts. The troons carried only meager
rations on mule packs. ,A field wireless
to Candolaria and thence a field wire to .
Colonel ; Langhorne 's headquarters in
Marfa is their only means of communi
cation. , .'. .v
With canyons and hills affording the
bandits ninny possibly hiding phtees, the
American troops are confronted by a
difficult task. But military authorities
aro hopeful that Benteria's band will be
overtaken, They believe the"" bandits
will be, captured or killed.
Major General j. T. Dickman, com
mander of the southern department, Is
expected to reach Marfa today to direct
the border operations in the Big Bend
district. Colonel Boyce, chief aviation
officer under Dickman, has alfeady ar
rived in Marfa. .
Columbus, Ohio, Aug. 20. One hun
(Continued on page three)
d at ion that soldiers be used and that
they .be iven more than soldier's pay.
It was obvious that to put ttoldiers into
camps at 10 a month with men mak-
lntr is a dav would disturb civilian
workers who would fear the loss of
l.io mfinsr mr(pr were laSOCd tO M 01-
ficers that he was to be paid soldiers
pay uatil he became efficient. Then
(Continued on page six.)
Merta-bwV Views -i; 5
0a "VioletY' Dismay
Bait Bernardino, Cai.y Aug. 20.
Doris, dear, did you notice
that vulgar display by Violet of
her limbs! That's these vulgar
Calif orniuns." -.
: Such remarks, addressed by ,
Mrs. Wilhelinina Doubleduy,
wealthy New York woman, to
her pet monkey, cost her $10,- ,
Mrs. Violet Gethinger Double--
day of Chicago, her dnughtcr-in-
law sued tho New York woman,
alleging that through sarcasm,
the older woman tried to break
the love of her son for Violet.
Other remarks brought out m :
$ tho trial were:
"I know it's hard on you
these meals of Violet 's, my poor
"Doris, you are used to red
c Neither Mrs. Wilheluiina Dou-
bleday nor her sou were present
at the trial. mtnessea said they
disappeared several month ago.
IEWELRY STORE IS
ENTERtD BY THIEVES
Robbers Entering Hartman
. firos. Store Last Night
Get $300 Haul '
Thieves broke into the jewelry store
of Hartman Bros. laBt evening and suc
ceeded . in carrying away abput $300
.worth of jewelry, mostly in brooches,
Entrance to the store was through
two doors that open into a passage
war in the rear of the. Gahlsdorf store.
lii effecting the entrance, the thieves
first cut or chiseled an opening on tne
jam of the door.; and then inserted a
jimmy.; or ..crowbar, forcing .the' heavy
door open and breaking the yale lock
Iti eiitertng through tlie seeond- heavy
door, an attempt was tirst made tp cut
a hole through. tne door large enougn
to insert a small, hand, thereby to un
lock the door. This apparently was too
slow a job for tho burglars and after
-working with lighted matches, they de
cided to take the pin out of the two
heavy hinges of the door and lift the
door from its hinges.
After entering the main part of tho
store, H is apparent that " the thieves
-worked in a hurry, as tuut few articles
were taken from one ease that gener
ally displays brooches and chains. Then
a small .case holding fountain pens was
unlocked hy a key .that locks the low
er part of tie -stand. A few .pieces of
silver plated ware was. taken, although
the main stock was not touched.
In passing out of the store through
the real1 entrance where the itwo doors
had been opened, the thieves passed all
the reserve stock of silver plated, ware.
ibut only helped themselves to a few
It is thought. that the thieves were
(Continued on page sii)
Honolulu Welcomes Secretary
Daniels And Party On
By M. D. Tracy
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Aboard U. S. 8. New York, Aug. 20.
Secretary of the Navy Daniels announ
ced today he had decided definitely to
visit Portland and Astoria with some
ships of the Pacific fleet.
After leaving Kan Francisco, Daniels
will iusnect proposed sites for a naval
station oa the Columbia river.
Daniels has not yet decided whether
he will aeeent the invitation to visit
Vancouver and Victoria, but it is be
lieved part of the fleet will do so.
The secretary plans to spend a full
day inspecting Mare Islund when he
reaches San Francisco.- He will closely
study the naval needs of Sou Francisco
The battleship New York arrived 'off
Honolulu early today and preparations
were mode for Secretary Daniels and
his party to land at S oVlock. -
Daniels announced he would reach
San Francisco in time to be with Presi
dent Wilson when the latter reviews the
fleet Seutember 1. Daniels will remain
In San Francisco and vicinity until Sep
tember 8, when he will letve for his trip
to Astoria, Portland and Puget Sound.
An elaborate celebration in honor or
luncheon nt noo.i and
Admiral MeCormick. who underwent
an operation for appendicities, is im-
Attorney General Expected To
Reveal Sensational Testi
mony To House.
. . . i
DRASTIC ACTION TO CURB
t RETAILERS IS PROMISED
Dealers Take Advantage Of
Present Conditions And
Reap Unfairs Profits.1
Washington, Aug. 20.4-(rnitod Press)
Data tending to show profiteering in
clothing is expeeted to be laid before
the house agricultural committee today
when Attorney General, Palmer appears
in suppoit of his proposals for extension
of tho Lever food control act. k '
Palmer, it is believed, will reveal
some of the fnctjj now known to be in
possession of the department of justice
concerning the : manufacture ox - cloth
nnd clothing. . . ! j
Clothing generally has increased more
than 100 per cent in price in three years
government statistics show. j
The federal trade commission has
figures showing the cost of manufactur
ing many articles of clothing. These
cost figures aro belOw retail prices of
mon's suits, shirts, hats, shoes and a
score of other articles of apparel. These
figures are available for use by Palmer.
The government intends to take dras
tic action against tho Tetail profiteers
of the country, believing they ate one
of the main causes of high prices, Pal
mer: toid the i eommitte today; ...
"The department has hadsmote com-
pluihts against retail gougcrs than any
ono else," Palmer' said. " -f '
"They are taking advantage of pres
ent conditions to make unfair profits,
and the department -dosires, .with the
consent. of congress, to take. speedy ac
tion .against hem ns well as all profiteers-.
" We don't want to pick out the big
packers and punish them alone end then
let "the little gougers go free, inc lat
ter are the men the' people come in con
tract with and we "have much evidence
to show that they are extorting large
profits." ' "
' The attorney general nil during his
testimony insisted speed was essential
in the campaign against prices and
ure-ed congress to extend the federal
food control act to include wearing ap
pared , us he suggested. . .... -..
He opposed the plan of Chairman
Huugen to establish a system of execu
tive price fixing, claiming it would io
auire several months to build up an or
ganization that would determine what
are fair prices, which would be neces
sary under the Huugen plan befoic they
could be proclaimed by the president.
' ' It would be impossible to get imme
diate results by reviving the food ad
mi ii i at ration. " Palmer' said, "or any
similar agency. I think even the old
license system would be too cumbersome
and cause, too much delay.
"My plan is to make conspicuous ex
amples of some of the profiteers and
show them the government means busi
ness. I don't believe wholesale prosecu
tions will benecessary, but we arc rcttdy
to carry that out if necessary.
'To have the executive fix prices at
which every persons should sell goods
(Continued on page six.)
"My, how time flies! After the ratifi-
ention o' th' peace treaty comes kraut
makin'," sighed Tilford Moots, t'day.
A good talker is alius a poor listener.
DayKt Saving Law Dead; ;
- Senate KiQs Wilson's Veto
' Washington, Aug. 20. The
senate today passed the bill re-
$ pealing the daylight saving law ,
$ over tho president's veto. '
4c . The vote was 57 to 19. '
The repeal bill now is law, as
if , the house yesterday passed it
. over the president's veto.
. -. .. -V :.
Martial Law Follows Clash
Between Germans And Poles
Berlin, . Aug. ,19. (United Press.)
Martial law was declared in. upper Si
lesia today as a result of the clash be
tween German nd Polish forces.
German government 'representatives
minimized the seriousness of the situa
tion, however, declaring that so far only
fifteen Germans had-been killed. -
Chancellor- Bauer told the assembly
at Weimar today that the Polish gov
ernment . was not implicated in the Si-
lesuLii attacks, saying that the soldiers
which invaded German territory wore
not regulars. The German commander
was mnster of the situation, ho said.
FIRE SITUATION III
Blazes In Eastern Part Of
State Aud Near Mt. Hood
Beyond Control Today.
Portland, Or., Aug. 20. The forest
fire situation in Oregon is worse, accord
ing to early reports today -
A new blaze which has reached seri
ous proportions is tho one at' Koarlng
lake, southwest of Mount Hood.
Reports which have been made to Dis
trict Forester Cecil hero show the blazes
on upper Eagle creek, Fall creek and
Little creek east of La Grande, Or., are
still uncontrolled. ? '"; t "":': ' I
More", than 500. aeres have already
beca burned over Tit Green Point creek,
west of Hood Kivef.; ? .? ' r . '' ' ''
.The, Minain fotost east of L.ai Grande
is said to bo" the scene of one of the
most oerious f ireq in the northwest. One
hundred fighters have been unable to
control it. It is now burning with great
.ferocity. ' '
; The fires in the McKcnzie river re
gion are reported to be under control
this nior.niug and fighters expect to
check the blazes in the Santiam forest
today. -; - - - ' ,;
STOCK AND HOMES DESTROYED
BY MONTANA FOREST BLAZES
fTpokane, Wash., Aug 20. Women and
children are being rushed to safety, him-
(Continued on page three)
ORGANIZED IN SALEM
Dr. W.Carlton Smith Named
President Of Capital Post
No. 9 Last Night
Capital Fost No. 0, American Legion,
was officially organized last evening at
a meeting held at tho Commercial club
with the eleetioi of the following offi
cials who will hold office until next
Dr. W. Carlton Smith, president.
Joe McAllister, vice president.
R. D. Hansen, secretary. '
Miller McGilchrlst, treasurer.
Max Face, historian.
Lloyd T. Kigdon, ehnplnin.
As an executive committee to handle
the business of the post for the coming
year, the membership present last even
ing selected Haul Wallace, Fred E. Man
gis, Paul He -dricks, Carl Steiver of
Jefferson and Brazier Smnll of Turner.
The constitution and bv-laws, which
had been received by Bobin Dav from
the national association, were officially
adopted. At a meeting to be held early
in September at the Commercial elub,
officers elected last evening will be of
As only about 50 were present last
eve-.ing .arrangements will bp made,
foilowina the suggestion of Fred E,
Mangis, that each member be malo re
sponisiblo for the bringing in of two
or three members at the next meeting
n order that the organization may show
a laraer charter membership.
It is estimated that Capital I'ost .No. v
which is to include every one from Mar
ion county who was in any service dur
"p the late war, should have at least
from 700 to 1000 members. Those who
join before November 11 will be regard
ed as charter members and called upon
to pay no entrance fee, but just the .
aunual membership dues. Those joining
after November 11 will pay the 2 en-j
continued oa page four)
BILL OF RES
Senator Pittman Submits Res
olution Carrying Out Plan
Suggested By President
By L. C. Martin '
(United Press Staff Correspondent) - '
Washington, Aug. 20. -Senator Pittman, Nevada, to
day introduced a resolution carrying out President Wil
son's idea of interpretations of the peace treaty separate
from the resolution of ratification. Pittman, a demo
cratic member of the foreign rations committee and a
strong supporter of the treaty, said he did this to settle
at once the controversy over reservations and interpret
tations. ':-:-'-. , ':,.:V:-""':: ".-"-'.-"j?--:"
. Both factions in the senate doclured
that the president's answers to ques
tions seemed to prove that their aide is
right. - ' ,
Opposition senators declared their po
sition had not been changed and the
.fight against tho treaty and league of
nations covenant would take on new in
tensity. -'-; -
As tho league friends havo been pre
paving to forco tho issue anyway, a cli
max appears to bo approaching In the
struggle which has swnyed tho sonate
for months. -
Seuutor Hitchcock, . administration
leader, declared today that the president
"clarified doubtful matters in ft won
derful wav." .. .' -'...'
Senators Borah and Johnson, leauers
of the extreme opposition, in a joint
statement asserted that the president 's
explanation '.'justified, and confirmed
us in the position wo have taken on the
While Senator Lodge, republican leau-
cr and a reservationist, declined formal
commont, ho indicated the belief that
the conference had made no impression
on tho league 's opponents, while It had
proved inspiring to its friends.
1 Administration senators said today
that thev had all along been of the opin
ion that tho league imposes nothing
more than moral obligation ,as the prcs
i.innt .tntpil vesterdav. That Interpreta
tion, they said, is accepted in all allied
The president's construction of moral
obligations and his statement, that such
an obligation would bo of compiling
force, reaulriitot the United States to
take a hand in European affairs, promi
ses to be the subject of Bhnrp debate.
His admission also that the allies aepi
him ignorant of tlioir secret -treaties
covering disposition of territory, while
trying to get tho United States into the
war, will be used by tne league oppu-
Senators said they did not learn nil
they wanted to, but laid that to tne
Salem Housewives Show But
Little Interest In Sale of U S. i
Surplus Army Poods To Date
The high cost of living has not been
von any serious dent iu Salem through
the sale of the war department oi i
at Fort Mason, Sun Francisco, ah mm
due to the fact that Oregon is served
this food sale by San Francisco raid
the distance places all parcel post ship
ments in the fourth zoue.
Up to Tuesday noon, only three orders
had been rocoived at the enieni posi-
officc. Those inquiring as to rates were
quite numerous but when the fourth
zone rate was quoted, tho anxious purchasers-
who were inclined lo beat local
prices decided it wus not worth while,
notwithstanding the fact that it had
been universally advertised that all tho
United Stutes was to benelit uy tne
sale. ' . . . , .
In niircci post shipments, the first
zona is !i0 miles from the point of ship
ment and the second zone, 1j0 miles.
About a year ago, the postoffice depart-
mnnt iilurml both the first and second
n... iha fir.t iniin rale. Hence
those living within 150 miles of Snnjernmcnt listed a ease at $2.1fi, but the
Francisco benefitted tp some extent by postage to Salem from San Francisco Is
the sale. ' j $2,75. -
The fourth ono rato on parcel post 1h Hence while many called to invest 1
seven cents for the first pound and fourjgate tho great government salo of foods,
cents for each addition pound. Hence a
can of tomatoes weight .two pounds,
shipped from San Francisco to Salem,
,.i.i .,Mro 11 .ants In nnstnire. Theltunce. the order might arrive I ran
war department .quoted a price of 9
rents a pound on toumtoes. This would,
shortness of the conference. AU were
impressed with the president 'i willing
ness to talk, although Borah and John-.
son pointed out in their utatement tan
he declined to tell certain faets regard
ing the fixing of Germany's reparation
or go Into the debates of various eon.
missions. - V'; v.i .rf "
Tho committee today was to rcsumo
its public hearings on the treaty, with
Dr. John C. Ferguson, an oriental ex
pert, a witness. He is to bo questione
concerning the Shantung settlcmen,
which President Wilson- said yesterday
was disappointing te Mm.
SITUATION TODAY MUCH
USE DEADLOCK ON ACt
AT PABW 'COJltBKHHCTB
By Fred S. Ferfosoa
(Pnited Press Staff Correspondent.) ;
Washington, Aug. B0. The situation
following the prcsidont' . history mak
ing conference with the foreign Ra
tions committee was today ; comparable
to the situation in Pari immediately
after the president suddenly summoned
the George Washington t Brest. Tho
final fight to complete thfl peaea treaty
then entered its last stages. The Oeorfto
Washington, swinging at anchor was
the elub behind the president. ' .
Today tho last round of the fight for
ratification of the treaty is under way
with prospects of the same outeome aa
on the treaty itself, in the opinion of ob
servers a compromise. 1
The president is relplng oa tho sum
moning of the "George Washington'
of public opinion to prevent the sennt
making textual amendments to the trea
ty, or entering reservations in the actnat
ratification resolution. .'"'Jte Baa paved
tho way, however, for the senate to ex
press itself by going on record with "in
terpretations',' in a scpuMta resolution.
This will not worry nny of tho foreign
(Continued on page three)
(make the delivery piico in Balcm for a
- ) two pound can, 18 cents plus II cents
Tho same Inures apply lo a ean or
baked beans. The government price waa
9 cents a pound but the postal rates
for the two-pound can was II e!tts. As
sorted crackers were listed at tl cents a
pound, with 40 pounds net ris the Weight
of a ease. This 40 pounds meant spend
ing 91.6.1 for postnge. ' .
Bacon, now classed among the lux
uries, was listed at 1.15 for a 12 pound
can. The gross weight was 17 pounds
a:id tho postage to Sale 71 ecnts. This
would bring the cost of th 12 pounds,
caid to be mostly fat, up te 40 ecuta
iv pound. Gruham flour in lOO pound
sacks was quoted at $3.80, but the pos
tal rate t0 Salem based on the fourth
zone rate, amounted to $4.03. The pos
tago cost more than the floor. Another
instance of beating the high cost of liv
ing via the fourth postal sono rate ia
that nf a case of tomutoos. The g-
few chose to take n chnneo nl it. espe
cially as each state had on allotment,
and there ias a chance that at this dis
Francisco after the state's allotment
had been sold. - . -.