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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 6, 1919)
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SPECIAL WILLAMTTTE VAL-
LEY NEWS SERVICE.
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 48.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1919-
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND KEW
STANDS FIVE OK-STS
i) nut im x .-mAmwM
Will Try To Prove That Wil
son Is forcing United States
ALSO THAT BURDEN WILL
FALL MOST ON AMERICA
Lodge, Knox, femihis, Sher
man And Poindexter Have
Mapped Out Tours.
By L. O. Martin
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Mar. (. Tho nation
wide campaign of the "senato 37"
against the League of Nations consti
tution begins tonight in New York.
Senator Borah, leader of the opposi
tion, will. IpcaliMbefaait, th.a..Sooicty of
. Arts and Sciences there. On Saturday
he, will spealf in Boston. Borah's
speeches are the first of a scries to bo
made in practically every sta'e, in op
position to the provisions of the league
constitution as drafted in Paris.
Kvory senator who joins in the cam
paign with the possible exception of
jtorah. plans to mnko it plain to his
Riidiencos that, it is not a league ho is
opposed to, but this league as outlined
in the tentative constitution-
Opposid To Any League
Borah is opposed to any league on the
ground that it is America's business
to stay out of permanent alliances with
foreign nations. Other senators who
signed the "round robin" presented to
the senate by Senator Lodge favor a
world organization upon Borne baBis
which will make impossible European
interference with the Monroe Doctrine,
American commercial interests and Am
erican sovereignty. Most of them think
siwh a league can be formed. They are
willing to accept the present constitu
tion as the basis for its organization.
Whnt they insist on is modification of
that constitution to meet objections,
they point out.
Emphasize Many Points.
They, will emphasise" to the country
in the next few weeks this one point,
many of them said today:
' President Wilson ia trying to force
on the United States Iris league of na
tions. Wo favor a peaco league but it
in our right to point out and your duty
to study the dangers that lurk in the
proposal as submitted."
There vis no disposition to attack
President Wilson except by pointing out
that he, whilo inviting discussion, stat-
Z Abe Martin
It used t' be that ever' poplar feller
that died left ten or fifteen gold head
ed fanes. What are a lot of failures
oin' f do for an clibi when all th'
OH TO SPEAK
I L I II..
t IM "if. -if- I
d just before going back to trance
Vit the constitution did not need
'Jhe whole campaign is to be based,
,-Wicaiis say, on the point above out-
with three additional ones.
""Knock bponsors or Covenant.
That sponsors of the proposed leaguo
have no more authority for declaring
the league will not interfere with the
Monroe doctrine and American rights
than its opponents have for asserting
it will interfere
President Wilson said there was a
reason for every provision, but in his
two speoches in this country and his
talk with congressmen, did not reveal
one of the reasons. '
That -the proposed league will fail
before it tries to do more thau the
world is ready for now.
That Europe is counting on America
bearing the burden financially, militar
ily and economically cf making the
league a success.
In addition to Borah, Senatorf Keed,
Lodge, Knox, Cummins.. Poindexter,
Sherman and Kenyon have partially
mapped out speaking tours. Keed, a
democrat, is not among the 37 nor is
Kenyon, a republican. Others of the 37
have received invitations to speak and
will take some part in the countrywide
PUBLICITY PLANS Of
m loan mm
Secretary Glass S$i Undecid
ed Ca What Form Of Issue
Washington, March 0. With all pub
licity pl!vn8 for the coming victory loan
completed today, Secretary Glass was
attempting to reach a conclucion on
1 Whether to float a note issue of
2 Whether to use the authorization
still remaining for a bond issue of $5,
3 The rato of interest to offer, if a
noto issue is decided upon.
Should the bonds bo used in the vic
tory loan the rate must be 4 and 1-2 per
cent, that being fixed by law. It was
understood, tho maturity date of the
term notes, if they are sold, will be
fivo years. Tho bonds must have a
maturity date of 20 years.
Tho date of the campaign, fixed ten
tatively at April 21, may start a week
or two curlier and continue three weeks.
But both the opening date and tho
term of the campaign arc sunjeet to
changes to meet conditions which may
develop before it is lnnnched.
Regardless of whether the next war
loan is of bonds or short tcnn uuies,
it can bo stated that there will be no
difference in the sale. Installment
rrivile?es will be provided; the securi
ties may be bought either' through the
campaign or through bn"ks or any of
the other agencies which handled bonds
in previous campaigns r.nd with the ex
ception of the desigmtinn on the face
of tho pnner. none will be able to snv
whether bonds or rotes are being sold,
Frank B. Wilson, publicity director
for .the war lorn organization, has ar
ranges numerous novel r
campaign. Among these will be tor-
th rural district!" bv b-'-f,W,
f'un the wnr zone.
In this stunt 204 of the five ton
tanks will be used, Wilson reported.
Preifet Wi!rs3 Resting
On TMs Voyage To France
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Aboard the U. S. S. George Washing
ton, Mar. G President Wilson intends
to devote most of liis.time on the voy
age to Bres to getting a much needed
rest He will do only routine work. He
attended the movies tonight but retir
ed immediately afterward In addition
to being Equipped-with a new wireless
plant by which contact can be main
tained from both sides of tho Atlantic,
the George Washington is equipped
with a wireless telephone apparatus
with which experiments will be made.
The navy's new radio eompass dexigncii
for dcterininin.'T the ship's position in
a fog. insures her snfe'y.
Ninn tb.ouf.and shipyard workers
walked out at noon Saturday, making
goed their determination to take the
week end half holiday.
AND MILITARY PEACE
TERMS ARE COMPLETE
Question Of Readjusting Ger
man Frostier Taken Up
By Fred, S. Ferguson.
( United Press Staff Correspondent.
Paris, March 6: Military and naval
terins of the preliminary peace with
Uormauy were expected to be practi
cally completed at today's session of
the supreme war council.
It was believed in certain official
quarters that they would be given de
finite outlines, preparatory to thoir
ratification by President Wilson, t"re
niier Lloyd George and Premier Or
lando, Lloyd George, lunching with Colonel
House today, was to be apprised of tho
work acomplished during his absence
in Londan. After this he was to join
the othor conferees at tho Qua! D'
The question of readjusting Gormany 's
frontier was expected to be taken up
Food relief for central Europe occu
pied the bulk of the council's discus
sion yesterday. It was als0 brought out
that the lack of adequate transporta
tion is soriously interfering with dis
tribution if food supplies in Rumania
and the Czecho slovak republic.
DOUGHBOYS BO il
TALK WITH GERMANS
Rumors' That They Are Fra
ternizing With Enemy Are
. Cqblenz,' Feb.. 10, (By Mf5 jfauy,
Frenchmen and Americans are said to
bo worrying over rumors that the Am
cricans are fraternizing with the Ger
mans; that many of tho boys from
tho states speak German just as some
of the Bhiuclanderg speak English;
that tho Germans give the Americans
warm rooms, couil'ortablo beds, bluck
thuir boots, and sue that they get del
' Well, there may be rumors oZ i ra-
Leiuization, but they are rumors on
ly," said General Dickiuaii, command
er of tho American, sector, to a corres
pondent of the United Press head
''If an American speaks to a Ger
man man or woman he is arrested.
Tl,o only exception is in tho case of
children. There is an inhorent love
of little folk in the hearts of tho Am
erican soldiers, and all tho regulations
in tho world will not prevent them
from playing with tho kids."
The general was asked if the Ger
mans were short of food in the Am
"They seem to have plenty of it,"
he answered. " Vegetables are com
mon and cheap, the only shortage be
ing in fats and milks."
" -In one or two towns Jhcro was a
complaint from the Germans that
liiuy had no livestock of fowl, but we
noticed a lot of chickens. Someone
asked tho Germans why they did not
cut the chickens. Ho caught one and
showed a number on its leg. The sys
tematic German authorities hud made
the owner of tho chickon responsible
for throe -eggs a week.
"There is plenty of gamo in the
forests, wild boar being good table
diet, also breeding rapidly. The
American soldiers were potting this
gamo when we issued orders prohibit
ing them from shooting it,"
Had No Trouble. .
General Dickman has not had tho
slightest trouble with the Germans sin
ce the ocupation. Local German func
tionaries nro holding down thoir jobs
as usual, burgomasters behitr held to
a Btriet accountably for everything
that transpires. ' These offiinls issue
safe conduct passes, In only two
cases has abuse been found. Two well
known Bcrliners came to Coblenz un
der assumed names. The American
intelligence service discovered, the de
ception in 23 hours, the burgoin&stcr
was brought up for charges end fined
The closest watch is kept !y Gen
eral Dickman'g headquarter upon the
telcphono, telegraph and mail.
Half a dozen trunk lines 4 ily are
permitted for the telephone. Messag
es ere largely restricted to business
calls. If there is an abuse the head
quarter! know it immediately. Gen
eral Dickman has a direct wire to
Americans are not overcharged in
stores hero. General Dickmaa will
not pcrni.t it.
In some of the smaller towns when
preliminary billeting lists were scrut
inized it was sen that nearly all were
in tho middlo class or poorer homes.
Ia such cases the burgomasters were in-
(Continbed on page two)
Company M To Arrive h
Portland I Friday Night
Portland, Ore , $lar. 6. Detachments
of threo companies of the 162r.d infan
try composed of 2i men and 2 officers
aro expected to! arrive in Portland
about 7 o'clock Friday evening, en
route to Camp Lesis.,
The soldia-a bnpnj, to companies I.
L and M of the regimcat th:it was for
merly the famous Third Orug.m. They
are in charge of "Lieutenant Joseph
Shur of Portland and Lieutenant
Campton of Salem. Most of tho men
on the train are , from Portland and
Plans are being made this afternoon
for a reception Friday evening in honor
of the returning heroes. .
im Erected ! Sheds Where
visions Are On Sale.
By John DeGandt.
( United Press Stuff Correspondent.
Paris, March 6. The French govern
ment started an offensive against profi
teering today with the expectation of
towering the cost of living in Paris 40
por cent within a fortnight, -
Fifteen large sheds, located in var
ious squares, were opened for the sale
of government-controlled provisions.
More will bo opened as soon aa possible,
l'liose Biipplios consist principally of
food bought from intor-alliod commis
sions already in existence. The state
will transport them' from portg to the
sellir.g places by special trains. The
government expects 'price reduction oil
other commodities through indirect com
Work Out Rations.
The model scientific ration for an
avorago man as worked out by the inter-allied
-tominission, at present costs
(55 cents a day. in Paris, 42 cents m
Now York' and 25 tolits in. London. 'Un
der thj now government sales system
the cost will be Only 39 cents a day.
If tho Paris experiment i8 successful,
food will bo sent to other towns to be
retailod subject to state control.
Tho ministry 0f food supplies is also
ariancinff a system of workmen's res
taurants in Paris capable of serving
four hundred thousand meals a day.
Charges will bo reduced thirty per cent
by obtaining the principal supplies di
rect from the government. Three hun
dred thousand tons of provisions have
been brought to Paris within tho last
Herbert Hoover has placed at Uio. dis
posal of the ministry information ob
tained by the American food adminis
tration, which is Baid to have proven
helpful in forming plans for the now
STILL EXPECT EXTRA
SESSION BEFORE HAY
Few Members Believe Wilson
fill Call Congress Before
Washington, March 6. There is a
lurking hope among some members of
congress still in Washington that tho
extra session may yet be callod before
tho president s return, they said today.
Those who expressed this hope based
it on what they eallod the frantic stale
of mind of railroad men loft in the
lurch by tho senate 's failure to pro
vide the $750,000,000 badly needed by
the raidroad administration. They said
the greatest pressure will be brougiit to
bear upon the prosident from this sourco
to get congress back at work.
The president, however, is ounting
on returning to the United States with
the peace treaty sooner than he had ex
pected a l it is believed umiKoiy by
democratic lenders that he will call an
extra session bef ora T?jy.
Meantime, after a bitter dight, the
conforenco of governors and mayors
here is on record today against any
move to demand an extra session of
Mryor Holph of San. Francisco ex
changed hot words with Governor Cox
of Ohio when the former's resolution
demanding that President Wilson call
an extra ession to pass upon bills re
ported unfavorably by the committee'
on resolutions, of which Cox was chair
L?y Off Riveters.
Sat Francisco, March 6. Seven hun
dred riveters were laid off t the Shaw-
hatcher shipyards today as a result of
the spreading effect of the machinists'
anion strike foia 44 hour -week, accord-:
ing to union leaders. They predict ev-
pry yard in the bay district will be
forced to lay off men, owing to refusal
of the California Metal Ttades to re
turn to work on a 48 hour week basis,
as offered by the employers.
FUNERAL OF GOVERKOR
After Impressive Service At
M. E .Church, Burial Was ill
Mount Crest Abbey.
With moniberB of the Oregon Agricul
tural College cadets standing at guard,
tho body of Governor James Withy
combe lay in state today at the First
Methodist church from uown until 2
o'clock. Before tno beginning of the
funeral services the casket was closed.
Dr. E. N. Avison, pastor of the church
who delivered the funeral sermon, chose
as his text, Joshua, first chapter, sec
ond vciso: "Moses my servant is dead.
Now therefore arise." Dr, Avison said
in part: '
"This scripture is a statement of the
fact of death to us all and also a call
to duty to all. Timo gathers itself
into a great life, and when that life
closes, it would seem as if a great
chasm was left.
. ' ' But let us remember that God a
lows no gaps in his Providence. Ho
can bury tho best and tho greatest of
us and history moves on ag if nothing
' ' The great thing" to know of any one
is their cliaractor, as character is immor
tal, and this is where this man appears
to the greatest advantage.
"However we might differ with him,
no one could over call into question his
honesty and integrity and patriotism.
Tt is these things tho people have reeog
nizod in him and have mado possible
his election to the highest offico in tho
state. . " '
"Now therefore ariso, is the call of
this hour. The call to make effective
that for which the name of James
Withycombo standg for. It is a call
o realize in the state the things he has
tried to work out in the 25 years of
his publie life. It is a call to make ef
fective in the nation the patriotism
which was one of Governor Withy
oombe'g strongest characteristics.'
"Every great lifo must be measured
by three fundamental institutions the
home, tho stalo and tho church. They
aro equally of divine origin and a man
i works out his destiny measured bv those
standards, 4. The, life of .Tames Withy
eombe, from these, standpoints, appeals
to the best possiblo advantage"
Following the address of Dr. Avison,
Wallace MeCainant, former judgo of the
supreme court, spoke briefly in his eu
logy of tho governor. -
With tho officers of the military
companies at Portland and with the ca
dets of tho Oregon Agricultural Col
lege as an honor guard, the funeral!
cortege moved to Mount Crest Abbey
mausoleum whore tho body ol tlio gov
ernor was laid ta rest.
Among tho military men who attend
ed the services were Adjutant Genera'
C. F. Beebe, Colonel W. C. North, Maj
of J. Francis Drako, Major W. M. Cop
Inn, Major Fred H. Drako, Captain Geo.
Shepherd, commander of the Oregon
naval militia; Lieut. H. C. Jones, oi the
OrogoTi navul militia; Major Kichard
Deich, Captain A. A. Hall, assistant ad
jutant genoral, Major Kichard lvoehler,
Captain Wm. J. McGinn, Colonel Geo.
II. Willet, Captain Harry Coffin and
ROBINS SAYS AMERICA
IS RESPONSIBLE FOE
inii m i 1
levea MisneviKs uamea
Costrci! Because Red Cross
Was Slow To Help.
Washington, Mar. 'J. F-iiluro of tho
United States to reply promptly to ap
peals from tho American Had Cross inis
sion in Russia ior help in fighting the
bolshcviki gis the ba'sheviki control.
Raymond Raoins told the senate bolshc
viki invcstii' V.'ng tommitteo today.
Robins was a member of the Rod
Cross mission in Russia- He said that
Colonel iWilliam H Thompson, com
mander of the commissiot., cabled to
tho United States through the Red
Cross asking for f1,QOO,000 immediately
and $1,000,000 a month for threo months
to be used in nnti-Ocrman and ar.ti
bolshevik propaganda. Wo waited a,
long time for a reply,' mid Robing,
''and when it cnnr.c, it slnted that u
representative of the con mittee on pub
lic information would bo sent to Rus
sia to go over the Bit nation. When this
man got thero, tho bolshcviki had been
in control for two wecN." Robins de
clared that charges that Colonel Thomp
son had tried t help tlu bolthev;ki
Robinj declared that the allied prop
aganda in Russia was worse than noth
ing. It consisted, he said, of poRtcrB
telling how great France was; how
mighty England was, and how over
whelming Americans would be. It prom
ised 20,000 aeroplanes and 4,000,000 sol
diers in a few months.
"When the Russ'ana saw that," said
Robins, ''they said that inasmuch as
(Continued on page two)
it Well In Ham
Refuse To Fight For Austrians
Ia Cause They Did Not
By Frajok J. Taylor.
(United Prcss Staff Correspondent.)
Prague, Czoeho-Slovakia, Feb. 5. (By
Mail.) tho "passivo" resisteance" as
the. war time 'opposition of the Czecho
slovak people to the old Austrian- Hun
garian government was called, was an
oxcoodingly effective means of fight
ing the Hnpsburgs, as after tho war re
volutions have shown.
Though the Czecho Slovaks wero sus
pected and suppressed too completely
to revolt with .force, until toward the
ond fo the war, they refused to fight
for Austria. . Thousands escapod and
joined Russian, Italian aud French arm
ies, and aguiuut these countrymen the
conscripted Czechoslovaks refused to
They wore drafted into the army,
and in many cases sent to the front.
At tho first opportunity they surrend
ered in groups. From irague an or
ganized system of arranging surrender
was conducted. Representatives were
sont out to bIiow soldiors at the front
how to surrender in groups without be
Was Passive Resistance.
In a military way tho "passive re
sistance " 0f the Czecho SlovnkB wag
as disastrous to the Austrian army as
the enemies' fire, according to offioers
who had to deal witlt, the Czecho Slo
vaks. The Czechs demoralized any unit
they were attached to, and had to
bo gmvrdod continuously. -
Hundreds of the Czechs retused to
answor to tho Hapsburg call to sorvice
nud hid in cellars ani in small towns
or in the country year in and year out.
From time to time they were able to
organizo rositance to tho Austrians but
tho revolts fuilod for lack of supplies.
Within the Czecho Slovak aroa tho
people refused to subscribe to tho Aus
trian loans, and hid their money, gold
and silver, until they could uso it for
the new republic. When tho Germans
and Austrians demanded food, the
Czechs hid it. They refused to work in
factories used for war material manu
facture, and deliberately destroyed war
machinory to help the allies. Thousands
wero imprisoned or killed for pro-ally
efforts. There are thousands of Czecho
Slovak martyrs as a result of their
" passive resistance."
kiiKdiate Advances In
Live Hog Prices Expected
Chicago, Mar. 6. Tho balloon as
been cut loose, according to experts to
day commenting on the unfixed price
of hogs. Packing house officials said
they expected immediate advances in
live hog prices to set marks far above
tho $20 record sot last winter,
and provision deportment,
" Prices will no up for two or threo j
years to como," said F W Waddell,!
head of Armour and company 's pork
''Lifting of tho embargo on pork ex
ports of course opens much new terri
tory. Thero isn't enough pork on hand
to meet this demand. j
' Tho live hog supply in this country j
is almost exhausted. Tho farmer rushed
his hogs to market whilo the food ad
ministration had a fixed price for his
Livo hog pricos have advanced in the
lust week in the belief no prire would
Grains, slowed up in a nervous market
here, were expected to react today t1)
llm hoir price announcement. Sharp
rises wero predicted from the opening
of tho markets. Charges tnat tnc jar
mor, sure of a high price for wheat, has
neglected corn, necessary adjunct to the
pork buainosB were made by -.,nt e
Unofficially some startling high
prices wore named as possible record!
for both grains and meats.
Rsfcfeow Division Cannot
Return Before Schedule;
Washington, Mnrch 6. Secretary of
War Baker has advised Secretary of the
Navy Glass that it will be impossible to
move forward tho home coming date of
the 42nd (Rainbow) division.
Glnsg had asked Baker to hasten tho
return of the division in order that its
members might participate in tho vic
tory loan campaign. Baker said, offi
cials reported, that the schedules wero
worked out in uch a manner that to
change them would be to disorna-ize
the entire program of bringing troops
USE ALL WES
OF IE 10 HOLD
Centers Of Revolution la Ber
lin Isolated By Barbed Wire
MM EfLOYES WOULD
NOT JOIN WITH STRIKERS
German Csti:sl Flass To Ik
ry Soci&ticn Cf Ceriaii
k&stries. .v. v
Us6d All War Devlcos.
With the use of barbed wire
entanglements, government for-
ec3 in Berlin have run practi- ,
cally the wholo gamut of war
devices in suppressing revolu-
& - Durulg tho provioiis Sparta-
can revolt led by Karl Liobk- 4c
' necht tho government used poi-
songns and aerial bombs and
' supplied some of its troops with
flamo throwers, although there ' sic
was no record of the latter be-
lug brought into action. )ft
By Frank J. Taylor.
(.United ProB9 Staff Correspondent.).
Berlin, March 6., Dcspito spasmodis
attempts of the Spartacans to rcviv
thoir revolution tho government appear
ed to have the situation will in hand
Tho sections of the city where th
revolution centered have been isolated
by. barbed wire euluuglumnts erected
under tho direction of officers specially
trained in this method of defense du?
ing the war,
Government troops extended their
control until tho revolutionaries were
forced to limit their activities to suip
ing. Another raid was organized again
st tho Lichtenbuig police headquarters,
but was repulsed. Plundering contin
ued in some parts of tho city, however.
Casualties havo been extremely light.
Refused to Strike.
Employes of liiuny factories rc "used
to join tho gerenul strike, which was
to have been tho signal for a nation,
wide revolution. Tho telephone syBteiu
was working as usual tonight auu rail
way service hud not been seriously im- "
paired. Tho bourgeoisie wore
threatening to start a, counter strike in
sympathy with tho government. The
general opinion seemed to be that thu
radicals were over confident and that
they "went off half cocked." Some
of their leaders, including Hugo Hasse
already disclaim connection with tho
Not Yet Endangered.
The government no fur hag not Leon
seriously endangered. Tho cabinet was
planning to hurry sociulizatiou of cer
tain industries though its program was.
fur short of the demands of the radi
cals. All governmental work was to bo
directed from Weimar until ordor was
completely restored in Berlin.
Meanwhile u.icoiifirniod reports worst
received that a number of heavily arm
ed bunds wero advancing on Weimwr
for tho purpose of looting tho town.
These hands, so far as could be learned,
apparently hod no political affiliations.
Believe Situation Serious.
London, March 8. The slutation in
Germany is much moro serioug than
German dispatches indicate, acording to
information received from neuirai sour
ces today. Chancellor Scheidmann's
forces aro said to be limited to tho
30,000 troops directly under War Min
ister Noske. Mir.iih is said to bo
controlled by a few Russian bolsheviks
who frankly d0 not caro what becomes
of Germany. They are supported by
mobs of demoralized soldiers.
Amity has a cheese factory install
ed and in good running order, making
a first class grade of cheese. '
Forty business men of iiandoa have '
organized a club in the interests of
civie improvement. . :