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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1918)
Editorial Page of The Capital J outndi
December 4, 1918
CHARLES H. FISHES
Editor and Publisher
Published Every Evening Except Sunday, Salem, Oregon.
Address AU Communications To
(The DavleJlial Ifauraal
136 8. Commercial 8t.
rwiw 1r nurrinr. tier vear. $5.00 Per Month..
IVilr hv Mail, uer year -$3.00 Per Month..
rf - j I
ger and stronger than any single nation, or all of them
together. It has taken the world almost two thousand
years to realize what the Gift really meant, but at last
there is hope that Peace is to be the firnv unshakable
foundation on which hereafter, we are to build.
So let us keep our feast once more in all its good old-1
fashioned heartiness, with gift and greeting, decoration
J and song. We have reason as never before. , .
' AIRPLANE STUNTS. ; .
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
W. I). Ward, New York, Tribune Building.
W. H. gtockwell, Chicago, Poople's Gas Building
The Daily Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papors on the
porch. If the carrier docs not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the paper
to you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only way
It is good to note that the low-flying show acrobatics
in and around cities and towns, which have characterized
most military aerial displays, have been forbidden under
heavy penalties by the war department. Many unneces
sary accidents have been the result of these ill-calculated
efforts to amuse, and it is time they were stopped, beiore
rtrr" hare-brained young lads or innocent bystand
carrier ha missed you. '
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL
Il the only newspnpor in Salem whose circulation is guaranteed by the
Audit Bureau Of Circulation
It camo upon a midnight clear,.
That glorious song of old;
From angels,, bonding near to earth
To touch their harps of gold.
Peuce on oarth, good will to iuon,
From hoaven's all-gracious king;
The world in solemn stillness lay
To hoar tho angils smg.
JBut with the woes of sin end strife
Tho world has suffored long; ;
Beneath that angel ong have rulled
Two thousand 'years of wrong.
And man, at war with man, hears not
The love-song which they -bring; ' '" . ' '
Oh, hush the noise, yo mon of strife,
And hear the angola sing.
For, lo, tho days are hastening on,
By prophet bards foretold,
When with the evor-circttng years
Comos 'round tho ago ot gold.
When ponco shall over nil tho earth
Its ancient splendors fling, ' .
, And tho whole world send back the
' Which now tho angels sing.
At last! An old-fashioned Christmas ! A Christmas
of presents and candy canes and all the things on the
dinner table that should be. A Christmas when "Peace
on Earth" is not simply something, conspicuous by its ab
sence. We are told that the first Christmas came when,
after a period of wars, there was peace throughout the
known world. -Not all vexed questions had been settled,
nor all wrongs righted; but for a little while War had
stayed its bloody hand, and in that little time the gentle
Child was born.
Ever since He was born Evil and Selfishness have
thrown themselves aeainst the truths He came to teach,
but always in vain. This last great war in defense of
those truths has taught the world a lesson. We have
learned that there should not be a result obtained by blood
shed, but a cause to prevent violence for all time. Now
it is the purpose of their defenders to establish them so
firmly that the evil-mmded and tne unjust no longer win
dare to attack them nor brave men's blood have to be shed
that they may be preserved.
This is what the first Christmas really meant. This
is why the morning stars sang together and the multitude
of the heavenly host praised God and said, "Peace on
Earth." It was not because peace had come for a little
while to Roman and Jew, but because something had
come which, when men learned to understand it, was big-
ers had to Dav with their lives for the exhibition,
Properly handled, the airplane is sale' and practical
enough. In the hands of an ignorant or foolhardy pilot
it is an engine bound to deal death and destruction. Per
haps it is natural for the young aviator intoxicated with
the marvel of flight o show his prowess by dangerous anfi
spectacular tncks, but they are out of place m any sort
of flying, and should be forbidden by civil as well as mili
tary law. , :
The "most unkindest cut of all" so far as the former
kaiser is concerned is "the characterization of ihim by
Maximilian Harden, who calls Wilhelm an "actor-king"
who merely said and did what stronger men told him to
do. It must hurt none the less because it looks like the
The former kaiser, unable to get a prelate of his
likinF. is TfiDorted as havine decided to preach his own
Christmas sermon. This will at least guarantte that the
scriptures as expounded will suit the views' of the deposed
ruler preciselyand mat is tne main tning crowneu neaua
want when they go to church. .
.The Associated Press and Hearst's .-International.
News Service are wrangling in courts over, alleged news
pirating. It would only be petit larceny to steal almost
anything either-of these concerns send over the wire, so
why all this fuss? 1 4i
' "Peace oh Earth, gd'od'will to man" is the order of
the day. And if the Germans complain that they seem to
be left out of it, let them reflect that some scholars rans
late the scriptural passage, "Peace on Earth, to Men of
Good Will." '-
It is said that the German crown prince plays the
concertina. Let him be shot at sunrise!
t OpenForura t
Committee on Public Information.
Question. What was the tax levy in
mills last year!
Answer; The school tax last year
was 0.4 mills.
Q. What will it be this year!
A. The school tax will bo 7.3 mills.
Q. How much of an increase is this?
A. This is only nine-tenths (9-10) of
a mill increase.
Q. How much of an actual increase
does this represent t
A. This is an actual increase of $13-
298.64 over last year which niaiuly is
accounted for by increased salaries, loss
of income duo to the falling off in the
census enumeration and the purchase of
the Holmau property.
Q. What is the total amount asked
for to be raised from tuxes this yeui as
compared with last year.
A. Lust year $80,000 was raised
from taxes for the support of tho school
This year $9,298.54 will be needed, an
increaso of $13,298.54.
Q. How much will this increaso cost
A. This increase will cost a person
holding proporty assessed at $1000 on
ly $1.05. If a person holds property
assessed at $4000 it will cost him $4.20.
Q. Are the voters voting on the $13-
minion. The pope asserts "divine
right" for his claim of powers Just
now the logic of events is apainst both.
The kaiser is "down and out", and it
is freely talked of that for the treach
ery of the vatieaa to Italy, that iong
suffering kingdom is expected to re
claim tho vaticun and to turn the pope
out of the .country. As to any "right"
of the pope to rule in Rome, t de
mocracies of the world insist that the
"divine right" of dominion ovor any
land is in the people who do its work
in an orderly, .peaceable and benf icent
cities embraced all Christiandom. Hers)
the popes maintained schools and uni
versities and from the revenues of the
land and properties helped establish the
other great universities of Europe. By
it he use of these gifts the popes made
Route the eenter of learning end cul
ture, during the middle ages when ed
ucation almost died out under the TSr .
(pasted uprisings and invasions of the
(barbarous races of northern Europe.
LUre scholars found encouragement.
Here flourished art, music, erchitee-
tur and the natural sciences. In Roma
way. -The people who will not neep n-he intellectual treasures of Ancient
the pease" so far as their influence XJrecee and Rome were preserved until
goes, such persons lose the right of Europe emerged from barbarism into
"dominion", as with the forger and ; civilization. In the city of the popes,
tho robber. ' lithe oppressed of all nations eould find
We have sought to unmask some of o refuge. When the capital1 of the Bo
the schemes of the Hun, and incident- man empire was moved from Home te
ally have pointed out some who have Constantinople, the popes time after
cxpecled ,to profit from the kaiser's time defended tho citiezns of Homo and
brutnlity. It is unfortunate for Mr. indjaccnt territory against invasion. Ia
Buck that in seeking to cxeuse the any great calamity or need they found
pope, ho has made definite and posi-j tho vicar of Christ an ever ready
tive assertions as to tho personal and .friend. Rome and the papal states be
mnral character of the .popes, and their dongod to the pope by long tenure, by
immunity from temptation, etc. f just and wise administration and by
Tho Romanist laity seem to know so ; :t li e consent of Catholics the world ov-
little of the actual history of the popes who had onriched them bv their
that most of them may honestly be
lieve that all of the popes have been
holy" fathers. But in standard books
KiPts. What claims had the king of
italy that could compare with thesol
iHow could the citizens of Rome rignt-
published with the approval of the .fully dispose of tho patrimony of the
popes themselves, a very different hurehf Tho writer says "but .Italy
story i9 told. Every -posted Romanist .wns kind to tho pope" since he was
prtost knows of these books, and knows allowed absolute authority in the vnti
that their tenchiugs aro utterly dis-Uan and Its srounds. In consideration
creditable to his church. But 1 am re- L-if what the Italian government appro
minded that one of the old cardinals, printed andl still appropriates, the kind
writing of this matter, declared that ness to the pope is little enough a
the very sins of popes and priests mere sop thrown by the ro'Wher to his
298.54 increase or the whole $93,298 54! aid h ..Qtherwiso these sins would
a. iiiev tun vuuug uu mo h iWrovpd t kns? neo."
$93,298.54. .. . Leo VIII did a thins that should get
Q If the budget fails to carry, ttoos him a 1Htlo or,,dU r., Ludwig Pastor
tno scnooi get me ou,uuu mat mvj
did last yoarl
A. No. They will receive no money
dug up from the Vatican library and
other papal libraries, a mass of origin
al vAiinyrla nAYinrnincr flia JliatnTV nf
from taxes at all. In fact, they will be Ul8 popes, and copied therefrom ac
short $03,298.54 or this year's running ' counts of some of their erimes. Pro
testants had long knewn -the facts m
By Jane Phelps.
EUTH GOES OUT WITH HES
By! Wait Mason
We'll ring the Christmas bells this year without a
sob or sigh; we'll sing the carols, leud and clear, beneath
the winter sky; for we have dropped the weary weight
that we endured through years of fate, the years of war
and Prussian hate, and we are stacking high. God rest
you, merry gentlemen, let nothing you dismay, for we
may sing our hymns again, as on an older day; the fu
ture seems no longer dcur, and like an evil dream the
hour ,thr.t saw a madman drunk with power, is past and
, done away. Again the rafters ring with glee, as in the
peaceful days, and on the spangled Christmas tree the
taners shed their rays; the children raise their joyful
shouts, their parents, old and wintry scouts, forget their
ringbones and their gouts, and dance in forty ways. God
rest you, merry gentlemen, and merry ladies, too; the old
gray world is young again, and seems as good as new;
the niglit of misery departs, the shadow's lifted from our
hearts, and peace's kind and useful arts once more arise
in view. The woods, the hillsides and the dells are white
with Christmas rime, so let us ring the Christmas bells as
n the olden time; and let us go on buoyant feet from door
to door, along the street, and sing the carols old and sweet
that breathe a love suoiune.
trying vainly to think if sho ever had
ment'oned Mollie's name to him.
'Her name was" among thoso who
had sailed as nutws." Then ho turned
again to the play as the curtain went
Kuth clenched hfr hands in tho satsn
of her lap, where they wcro hidden by
tho program- 8o Mpllie had sailed for
"Soir.ewhero in France.' Would th'rt
meet she and Brian, and would they
spend their time together over thero,
as they had done over hereT
Oh, how sho v inhed she wero abl?
to finl out! wished thi-t she knev
someoi.e who woiUd keep her informed.
After tho show Mundol asltcd Ku?V
to have somo supper, Imt sN declinad.
Ho was never insistent, but he urged
her a little, saying:
Yon look tired. It would do yon
good." But she shook iicr head and 'ie
said no more.
His car was waiting, and li9 took
her home. Pbe was thankful to lean
back and let him do tho talking, al
though try as she eould, she eould not
concentrate upon what ho was telling
Thank you for a pleasant evcn'ne"
she snid when he accompanied her to
''I hope T mav give rou ninny .pleas
ant evenings," ho returned, then lifted
his hat and was gone.
Kuth thought modiv of what he ha'l
said about Mollie King. Had she men
tioned her before himf She recalled
the day down in Washington 8quare
when she and Handul had been lookiug
after the old house thev wore to decor
ate, and they had seea Mollie and Brian
take the bus. 8he was almost positive
sho had not mentioned Mollie's name
but so much Had happened- she nii'ht
have forgotten. It was the thought that
Mollie was on her way to Brian that
insisted. Would she be whore she
would care for him if he were hurt
while she Ruth could do nothing?
Would it have been better if sho had
given up her work and gone overseas,
toot but she couldnt go they would
n't let her. What could a woman who
was about to become a mother, do to
help wounded soldiers?
She tormented herself for hours wih
such questions, finally falling to sleep
from sheer exhaustion. In the morning
she had another disappointment. Her
aunt was sligh ly ill, it would necessi
tate putting off her visit for a weok.
She enclosed another cheek, and ent
her love. Sho also asked for Mr. Man
del, and wanted to bo remembered kind
ly to him.
Ruth, of course, had no way to know
it, but Mrs. Clayborne was cgain build
ing air-eastle for her niece if Brian
did not come back.
Mrs. Clayborne auswered Ruth's let
ter at once:
'I will arrnngo to spend some time
with you. I know you aro lonely, but
do not allow yourself to give way to
your depression, do out, seo pooplo
Brian will have as good a chance to
return as any of the others. Do not
get it into your head that anything
will happen to him. That would bo not
only unwise, but foolish. I shnll Btart
in about two weeks. Until then tell
Rachel to take tho best of caro of
you. I wish you would stop working
uutil it is over yet, .perhaps you win
feel happier in keeping busy. I enclose
a cheek so that you may feel that you
can stop work at any timo. Thero is
more for you when that is gone."
As Ruth looked at the very 8ir.cSblo
check, she knew it would not have been
given her had Brian been with her. !She
tried to fool grateful to her aunt, but
only succeeded in wishing thnt she
'eould share it with her soldier husband.
But that was impossible, and each ttat
urduy, until her aunt arrived sho had
what sho called a riot of spending, for
tho coming child whose fathor was so
She bought the dainty, delicate things
hor tasto dictated, knowing it would
be her aunt ' wish. Sho and Rnohel did
many little things to make the apart-'
ment as attractively neat as possioie
before Mrs. Clayborno should arrive.
Then Ruth was really very busy at the
shon. Bho would leave them in an
other month at the latest, and she de
termined to put everything in orflor,
o thnt. should she not return, her suc
cessor would have no fault to find
with unfinished work.
Twice Arthur Mandol gave her tickets
to seo some popular show, and sho liad
taken friends. Then came a night
when he asked her if he might go with
her: "I have heard it is an excellent
play and, as I have not seen it, it
would bo a great pleasure to go .with
There was no ' real reason why she
should refuse, yet Ruth had a distinct
ly guilty feeling when she sat 'beside
him in the theatre. That is, she did un
til he said between the acts:
"I hear that many voung women are
being sent overseas. Nurses, eanteen j (Tomorrow Briaa Junior Appears Oi
Q, How can the schools ovcr ex-1
nouses if the budget fails of electron.
A. Probably by borrowing the mon
ey at a cost of from $5000 to $7000 is
interest which amount will be borno by
the taxpayers thus adding to the bur
don of taxes.
Q. Is it .possible to cut this budgot
A. -No. The school board wont tvcr
the budgot item by item after the ad
verso election of Nov. 30 and could not
cut expenditures since teachers con
tracts wore made and many otnor items
wero fixed charges such as water, phone
light, supplioB, repairs, etc.
: Q. Why does the school .board make
all - arrangements" Jor expenditures' be
fore obtaining the money for oporating
A. Teachers must be employed in
tho early spring, and othor arrange
ments for tho cfollowin school year
must be made early. The school
eonsus . is not taken . until Octo
ber 25 of each year from which there
in an income of over $8 per census child
making a total of about $30,000. Hence
it is clearly impossible for the seneyl
board to know its income from other
sources so that they cannot make up
the tax levy beforo much of the money
is already spent in contracts and oth
Other questions will be raised and
answered in succeeding articles.
COMMITTEE ON PUBLIO
MILTON MEYERS, Chm.
W. T. JENKS
J. J. ROBERTS
H. H. OLINGER
BEN F. WEST
JOS. II. ALBERT
a srenernl way. fthouch Rome has con
stantly and vehemently denied them.
Leo however, knowing the facts, knew
of no way to explain tho records. So
he approved of Pastor's openly telling
some of the truth. Pastor's books are
accessible, and protectants are ac
quainted with them. Alzog's Romanist
history is not go full, and is less defi
nite, yet this work tells enough eon-,
conning .papal crimes to damn the sys
tem forover. John XII was a remark
ablo pope. Eleeted in 955, he was his
own half brother, was the son of a
half brother, and his mother was his
grndmother,..Sinee . his day about 130
men have occupied tho papal chair, of
whom the papal writers say that thir
ty were vulgar murderers, and they
givo the names of thirty six who were
We are told that the popes do not
marry, and1 have no family ".connplicsr
tions." Yet there are thousands of peo
plo, living today who knew that Greg
ory XVI, elected in 1831, and .Pius li,
elected in 1848; and Leo XIII, elected
in 1878, died in 1903, that 'these men
were, all of them, men of family. A
son of popo Leo, a cardinal, was sent
by his father to this country as a spe
cial representative. Thus during the 72
ears from tho election of Gregory to
the death of Leo, the papal chair was
occupiod by family men!
It ja not pleasant to write of these
things. It is horrible that Rome has
such a history. Worse yet, if possible,
that any one should seek to put sucn
corrupt system in control or civil
affairs in this, or any other land. We
cannot stand tamely by, while Roman
priests dog our president to the very
leek of the ship that was to carry
him abroad, and demand that he break
with England in the peace congress,
by claiming a separate government for
Ireland, with Human priests m control.
Salem, Deo. 19.
THE OTHER BIDE
THE HUN AND HIS ALLIES
workers, etc. Haven't I heard you speak
of a Miss King!"
"es t know a Miss King. I may
have spoken of her," Ruth answered,
JOURNAL WANT ADS PAY
To the F.ditor: The kaise lusted for
power and world dominion. Passing
other means and1 agoncies employed by
iiim wo nolo that he proposed thaft
Romo bo given to the civil government
of the pope 41ms humbling Italy. The
case was peculiar. William professed to
be a protectant, and so to be in some
senso onposcd to tho pope. But within
lis own dominions was a papal party
as intent on gaining dominion as was
he himself. These must to pacified, or
his plans for world dominion might go
astray Hence h bargained with their
master, the pope, promising as above
stated. And those who have watched
developments believe that the pope, as
far as possible, kept his part of the
That the pope has been in sympathy
with the central powers is not denied
by Mr. Buck. In claiming that the civil
control of Rome should be given to the
pope, he argues that the pope formerly
bad "peaceable possession," etc. He
seems to forget that since 1848 to go
no farther back tne pope eould not
have hVld any kind of "possession"
peaceable or any other- for a single
day, but for the help of mercenary
soldiers from abroad. It may be true
that at one time the popes bad "peace
able possession," but this was long
since forfeited by their emr.ies.
At present the pope is absolute rul
er of the principality of thirty to forty
acres within the limits of the Vatican
grounds. While he prates that he is a
prisoner, a captive, etc., in that he
does not have to eontend w'.th a "people
who hate his rule, the pope has more
of real "liberty", and is more safe
from all alarms than if he tried to
The kaiser asserted "divine right'
for his claim to office and world do-
Editor Of the Capital Journal: In the
issue of Capital Journal of -Dec. 9, Mr.
James Lisle of Willamette university,
had an article, "The Case of the Hun
and its Connections." In it the writer
undertakes to instruct those who have
not "read up on the general history
of the times before our own," and con
cludes with what he evidently consid
ers irrefutable proof that in the world
war "the kaiser and the pope have
been in partnership in fighting Italy
and the allies." The history he gives
rs too meager and ono sided to prove
the charge against the popo. For fear
there may be those who have read his
tory written with, one eye shut and
whose interpretation of the came is as
far from the .truth as is that of the
writer of the above montioncd article,
I wish to cite a few facts to show the
laJk of truth in his assertions.
As he states, np to 1879 the popes
had been the civil rulers of Some and
other territory known as the papal
states. When the new kingdom o
Italy was formed under "Victor Km-
manuel, these states and the aity of
Rome were incorporated as a part of
the new government. The consent of
the people of Rome to -become a part
of the Italian kingdom was given in
an election held under -the auspieea of
tho victorious Italian army. As a free
choice of the people it was as free as
most elections carried on at the points
of swords and guns.
what shadow of Tight had the king
of Piedmont to Some or these lands!
The popes had held them for mare Wan
a thousand years, lhey had not wrest
ed the territory from any rightfal
claimants. It was not the personal real
estate of the pope, but belonged to the
church for the use and benefit of the
whole Christian world and even of pa
gan countries. It had been donated at
different times bv pioua givers. Out of
these gifts of land, property and money
there had grown up under the patron
age of the popes a vast system of re
ligious corporations and benefices
whose charities and benevolent activ-
victim. The religious corporations -wers
disorganized and their offic.s adminis
tered by state officials instead of the
roligious orders whose devotions and
sacrifices had) founded and maintained
Ihcir activities. A large part of tacdr
revenues was turned into tho state
treasury. The Italian law of guarantees
was enacted because of the protest of
the popo and the whole Catholic world
(nt tho confiscation of church property
and money and .tho danger to tho per
sonal sarety of the pope, wane eac
successor of Pius IX has reiteratod lua
protest, it is not true that tho pope is
the personal enemy of the king or the
Italian people. The relations betweom
the government and the Vatican hava
been anucaple for tho past twenty
Tho matter dad not end wrth the ruth
less annexation of territory and confis
cation of church revenues. Books and
papers daring to champion the pope 'a
side' of the Roman question Tiave been
suppressed by the go vernment,whle an,
ti-religious organs flourish unmolested,
pwiiig to tho action of Italy,' the pope '
was denied representation, at the Hague
peuce conference on tne ground that
ho is not a civil ruler. And it was
Italy that deprived him of his civil au
thority. The Italian government ii
loath to have the - Roman , question
brought into the light because at. has
a poor cause to sustain and knows it.
Notwithstanding tho offer of the
kaiser twenty years aigo to use his in
fluence -to "remedy the pope's posi
tion" and recent intimations by the
central powers to open the subject of
restitution to the pontiff if they were
successful in .the war; Cardinal Gas
parri, the papal secretary of state, has
repeatedly assured the allies that th
question is a matter for settlemont be
twoen tho vatioan and the Italian gov
ernment. Does this look as if ' 'tha
pope would get into the peace confer
ence and turn down the king and king
dom of Italy"!
Newspapers and magazines com
menting on Gulach'g pro-Gorman ac
tivities during his official residence at
the Vatican say that tho pope was sur
prised and overwhelmed when Gerlachs
disloyal acts against tho allied cause
became known to him. Cardinal Gas
parri gave all information and aid be
possibly could to the Italian polico who
investigated the case of this spy. S
"this single fact" of Gerlach acting
as an agent of Germany while connect
ed with the Vatican does not as th
writer asserts "show the underhanded
mothods practiced in the Vatican." A
"singlo fact'1' half suppressed does
not prove much to fair minded per
sons. We have had numerous spies in
high places in this eountry, but we do ,
not regard our officials as disloyal be
cause of their presence.
The writer continues thus: "I will
not dispute the pope's infallibility by
-suggesting that he did not know what
his servant (Gorlach) was doing.'
I his innuendo reveals two things: li
The writer has not informed himself
thoroughly on the Gerlach affair, as iti
leading papers and magazines seem to
accept the statements of tho pope and
Cardinal Gasparri as evidence of their
good faith; or else he does not choose
to credit such sources of information
the only ones we have until .time and
dispassionate research give us a more
eompleta history of the events of the
past four years. 2, He has not the
faintest idea of what is meant by the
infallibility of the pope. If he had he
would know that the pope's infallibil
ity would in no way be affected by any
knowledge of the actions of Monsiznor
Gerlach. If he would know the rneaning
of papel infallibility as the 'church
teaehes it and as Catholics understand
it. I bee to refer him to a penny cat
echism, the dictionary, the encyclope
dia or any treatise on Catholic doe-,
trine. Truly "a little learning is a
dangerous thing." -
(MK8.) EVA D. CvNAERo.
891 X. Commercial St
' The Journal classified ade are
great favorites with people who
do thingsTry en.