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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1918)
THE flAILY CAPITAL J6URNAL, SALEM, OREGON. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1918,
LETTERS FROM YOUNG
OIFLCERS IN FRANCE
FULL OF INTEREST
Lieutenant Lamar Tooze Tells
; Of Bravery Of American
The following letters have becu re
eoived by the editor of the Journal
from well known young men who are
aenrhijg their; country la -France, and.
tell some thing ox interest te te people-
OTer hare: . - .
My Dear Mr. Fisher:
My brother's death was marked by a
splendid devotion to duty and a fear
lessness which Hupiied the brave and
loyal men of aia platoon to make an ad
vance through one of the heaviest bar
rages air-burst sluapnel; I saw on the
Argonno front, through woods infested
with machine guns operated by Ger
mans who were under orders to hold at
any price, to a point where, finally,
late in tlio.uJH".. uu, just as dusk wns
letting in, a German Bniper, conceuled
in some brush, singled out my brother
fruin the rust of '-'(. men and sent the
kullct which brought his life to a closo.
jWlioro he Ml luaiicd the point of far
thest advance mado by our regiment
The platoon a few minutes - later re
treated several hundred yards to th
ugo of the woods. When my brother
Was missod, volunteers were called for
.to go out after him every mun re
sponded. Four follows, disregarding the
kail of bullets, went back and recov
ered his body and stood guard over it
fall that night until the next morning
when .the situation allowed me to loav;
my duties as battalion scout officer and ,
go to. my bro'iur. Theirs was a typ- j
of devotion wnich was so usual in th?.t
Baltic I tell jou. iir. Fisher, every man
who went through, thoso eight days of
fighting, of l!vint iii boles with tho:.
bullish H. K'g "hunting" for you, sick
with dysentery, filthy with muck, and
living on cold canned meat and hard
broad he was a horo. I've boon in
two net!.1. is mice i! en, here in Bolgoum
but they r.on'i 'itunpuru witfc the A"
When 1 get back to the states I will
eertainly see you and toll you in de
tail about that fight. I will toll you
. now about ouo brave lad, Pvt. Elmor
A. Lye of California. . Lye was a snip
er in the battalion intelligence tectiou.
Vhen I porformed the sorrowful duty
of interring my brother I asked him to
go with me because ho had been so kind
to mo and so comforting during the 14
lours, which elapsod from the timo 1
learned of niy brother 's fate to the time
I could leave my post and go to him.
jWitu his ov.n hands he carved the crass
which wo placud over tho grave.
Atlcr the simple but impressive ser
vices we started back for tho front lines
about 1000 yards awuy. The Huns laid
down u heavy barrage in a field which
we had to cross. We took cover in a
hell holo and waited for them to
witch (German artillery runs in cyc
les). Finally, we decided it was safe
to continue. We Blur ted across the
field, Lyo in the lead; I was about ten
puces behind and a corporal, who also
accompanied mo, about the same dis
tance behind me. We had gone about
SOU yards when without much warning
an 11. K sailed through the air and
landed at Lye's feet; Tho corporal and
I, as soon as wo heard the screech,
dropped to the ground, which probably
aved us its I'm '. mat of an II. E. i
something like tho spray of a fountain
and it's always best to foil flat when
tney come your way. I saw Lyo had
been hit uiid 1 rushed to hiin. Blood
v.as streaming from a gash in his neck.
I caused a clot by placing my thumb
ever it, but he continued to bleed in
wardly. "Don't worry about me, Lieu
tenant, just make me comfortable and
I'll be all right. I'm a goner." I
tried to elieer I;.im vp and sent the cor
poral to tho dressing station for a
stretcher. All tho time, Lyo remained
conscious and kept up a continuous
conversation. He actually smiled when
he told Hi ! writi' u his mother. Witb
in 43 minutes he was on his way to
the hospitM h;i1 the next evening he
passed away. " Consummate bravery I
And 1 saw that sumo bravery exhibited
on every hand. It, would do your heart
good, to have seen how our brave boys
charged thoso spitefully deadly ma
chine guns, charged theia with almost
parade ground precision. ,
The American boys know not tho
meaning of fear I have yet to see an
instance of cowardice1.
We hope to be back to Oregon soon
though wo aro all determined that our
job must be thoroughly done before we
leave here. A few precautions now, in
this formative period ,may save us from
trouble later. Though this war tech
nically was ended by an armistice, in
reality it was ended by the armed
forces of America and her allies and
America's part in it was the weight
that swung the balance.
My best wishes, Mr. Fisher, for a
Merry Christmas and a Happy New
Year. . Sincerely yours.
" LAMAB TOOZE.
. Impressions of Our Allies.
Tours, France, 27th Nov., 1918.
Dear Mr. Fisher: .
I am writing you concerning my im
pressions gained relating to the atti
tude of the English and French people
and :of our own soldiers. Because of
Biy position the letter is not for publi
cation over my name. I spent two
months in England before eoming to
Upon landing in England about the
12th of August, I was assigned to duty
at the American Air Service eamp,
which is a concentration eamp for all
air service troops in England.Under the
terms of the agreement with the Eng
lish, as you know, 15,000 air service
troops were kept on duty in the various
72 aerodromes scattered through the
British Isles. After six months at this
work tho squadrons were brought baek
to the concentration camp after being
replaced with new troops from the
states, and sent to France
The commanding officer of tho Am
erican air service camp during my stay
there was Major V O. rage, son of
Walter Hincs Page. He encouiaged us
all to attend the social gatherings in
the neighborhood of the historical town
of Winchester and the result was that
wo had a most interesting and enjoya
ble time. My "particular work at camp
consisted of-being summary court offi-J
cur, juugu uuvucaie ox rue special court
martial, and permanent offiecr of the
day, and there was plenty of work to
do; but still there was also the oppor
tunity for getting acquainted and nt-
ton.litit h 11 nurlmic fiitintinna fHi a
rmg.isn were very nospitanie, anu tne
young ladies, particularly the volunteer-
nuTses, many of whom eame from
the land owning classes, were pleasing.
Titer manner in which, they had settled
down to hard practical work in taking
care of the wounded Tommies was inot
inspiring.' - . .
I'visitod London' throe times . and
thore met additional English people At j
tho Washington Inn, which was requi- j
sitioned by the Y. M. 9. A. for officers,
wore a large number 01 young ladles
of the best families working as volun
teers, and the same was true at Eaglo
Hut, which is the Y. M. C. A. hut for
enlisted mon. -
1 believe that all of the American
ofiiccrs and men who really think have
a great admiration for the English.
Their sportsmanship with their sense
of fait1 play, their dogged determina
tion, their Insistence upon iiiaiviuual
lil orty, their respect for the law and
their substantiality aro characteristics
which impress all of us that come in
contact with them.
On the other hand. I have heard in
England a good many American offi
cers express irritation at tho slownosj
of the English in furnishing material
and accomplishing particular jobs of en
terprise. But as the English pointed
out, the Americans were apt to over
look the fact that the resources of the
English had been drained for four years
From reading the .London 'limes ana
other imgiisli papers, it is apparent W)
English look upon the great increase iu
American shipping with "considerable
anxiety. The figures published in the
Mail show that du'iug the war the Unit
oJ States 1ms i:ic:-hied its tonnage 0
about three. and a quarter million tons,
while the campaign by submarine has
decreased the English tonnage about
the same muo'iut.
It is uu unfortunate fact of more or
less importance that most of our air
sorvicb troops aftor serving in English
aerodromes lor six months are not kina
ly disposed towards the English with
whom they worked. Officers wh0 woro
with these troops als0 have good many
stories to toil of small disagreements
with the English. The British ration
was not popular. Our mon bIbo com
plained concerning tho attitude 01 tne
noncommissioned officers of the Eng
lish. There dcvoloped some jealousy on the
part, of the English mechanics, as our
mtipwere abler to do a great deal more
work per man. Of course, the best Eng
lish mechanics and soldiers were serv
ing in Europe, and for tho most part
only "washouts" were on duty in Eng
land. The larger pay and the popular
ity of uui soldiers among the young
ladies may havo been additional causes
of dislike towards cur men by tne JMig
lish enlisted men.
I mention all this to-indicate that it
is my belief that the 15,000 men, who
I understand hnve just Been oraereu 10
return to Anieiics, will not for the most
part bo prericheis of good will towaras
cur Jiuglish menus, many 01 tnem ap
Durentlv tire really quite bitter.
Tho Australians, Canadians and tno
South Africans apparently have about
the same attitude towards the English,
as the Amorican soldiers.
The impression that I havo gained
from the French during the month and
a half that I have bedn in France is
that as a whole they are graueral to
the Americans and are very friumuj
disposed towards them. The past means
a great deal to the Frenchman, and the
fact that 'we have always been friends
tii n irrent deal in our favor. Hero in
Tours, there are nearly as many Am
erican flags hung out as there are
French: while tho Union Jack and tho
ether flaes appear only occasionally,
The French apparently have no world
wide plans and hopes, but are desirous
of Iiein? let alone to live in their own
fertile beautiful country.
It is apparent that the English em
pire is facing gtave problems wiin
its 4.500,000 of organized laboicr
in the growing independent spirit
of most of its dominions and it its
oth.sr well known problems. England's
tremendous loss of men in this war, in
whith it. has played such a noble part
is another cause, of worry. However,
it is very apparent that England is
playing a strong hand end that ht-r In
turevft are iiftninsl the establishment ol
an international league that would in
terfero with her supremacy of tho sea
and that would offer the same protec
tion to her dominions that she now of
fers. All minds are centered upon the part
that President Wilson is to play in the
peace conference. His long study of the
situation, his policy internationally
thus far, and the great prestige that ho
has personally and as the representative
of America, give rise to abundant hope
. Wishing you and your family a Mer
ry Christmas, I am
Yours sincerely, - -
FRANK BOSEBBATJGH WRITES.
W. W. Rosebraugh has received th!
following letter of special interest iron
his son, now at the front:
Junglinster, Luxemburg, Nov. 25, IVii
They let a new wrinkle by for A. Y.
F. this year, and allowed us to write
our dads a letter for Christmas, and
let them know a little more about
where we are. Well, if you figure this
ont, yon will find that Harold and I
are still with the Third Army Corps.
Just now we are ten miles north of the
city of Luxemburg, . so we are now
across all the old No-Man Land, and
are in a fine country.
" We started for Germany, and are
waiting here for a few days for some
f ftrNirf Starts 7 p. m.
I r ""."IV" iV-7 cC-r '.-' t i . - is ii ti 11 II 11 II t CI 11 B
--."V BUT DON'T MISS THIS
.!- .' HART
PICTURE IF YOU HAVE
TO MISS YOUR DINNER.
mi m tkegoM MOW
reason. This certainly is a wonderful
country, too. - I really never imagined
that there was a place like this in
the world. It is so well kept and clean
and neat. The whole thing looks lii.o
a big national park. . .
The French peasants fare, as a wholo
very neat and saving, but these people
have them beat. You can't find a
scrap of wood or rubbish on the roads,
and the roads aro perfect, too. Even
the forests are all cleaned out, and no
underbrush left. 'Course there is a rca
sW for that hey need' the wood, "arid mve a good deal, and --the 'doughboys
so forth-but the towns 'are1 clean also. we- fighting for everything we
Tho country is very mountainous, no tho took. A front line surely is hell in
wholo effect is a grand sight- the winter and we were hoping in
These people are of courso neutral, sPite ot wson that we' would not bo
and just now are very pro-Ally, while there all winter. When- the armistice
I imagine they were pro-Germnn. We signed, we were back of Sedan,
can hardly blame them, and it surs Tn8t country was surely wrecked. Tho
would havo bocn a pity to huvo dc-' complete destruction and devastation
stroyod the30 townB and Jands; so they that was brought about on the front can
acted right. '' j not be exaggerated by Stories and pie-
But even though these' folks wcrojtures. ;; :iai 1
pro German, they at last become tired; Up by Verdun I wa;looking for a
of them, and sure did give the Amcr- j town and couldn't find; it, and whon I
icans a hearty welcome. They decor-: did find where it was,, thcro was ab
ated their towns, proclaimed holidays, solutely not a stone left to mark the
and had a general rejoicing. I place. The only thing- to show for it
Tho folks have very little foodstuffs, was some long railroad rails' sticking
wool, and such, but sure havo plenty of out of the ground. r,
money. When wo camo here they cx-j We were on tho fronts of : first, Chat
changed francs for marks at a mark to eau. Thierry in .June; Soissons in July;
one and a quarter franc, and I believe Chateau Thierry to Fiswes in August;
a mark is worth seventeen cents, and ' and then Verdun and in -the Argonno
a franc nineteen. ""til the end. Tho Americans took some
The people have no flour. Tho prico hard ones, is what I moan to say. Well,
of coffee is eight dollars a pound, but I will tell you more when I get home,
you cannot get it at that. In cafes they (Nest Spring).
serve a barley cereal for twenty-five ; This may be my Christmas for you
cents a cup. Butter is five dollars a folks. I bought throe . pieces of that
pound, and everything in proportion, fancy work when I was in Paris, and
Tonight Harold and I bought about I lost all my stuff before I got to
twenty apples for four marks, so you mail it. My letters, pictures, kodak, and
see it costs some money here. so-forth, in a move. I, felt pretty bad,
All this movement is very interest- but ho use worrying. I way be able to
ing to me. I am anxious to see what get some more souvenirs later. .
and how things will develop. I under- We are well, and I hope you are.
stand that the banks in Luxemburg A merry Christmas. With love,
are now pivinir correct chance on the (Signed) FRANK EOSEBRACGIf.
marks, and s0 they surely will go down
soon. ' ' ,
A good many people speak English
in this country.' I told a hotel man in
Luxemburg that they were a bunch of
robbers, and he said "Oh, hell, wait un-1
til you get into Gormany; you can!
pay twice as much and get nothing." j
I imagine he is right, too. I
I wish I could talk uutcn now. wo
ncver realized how much French wo tal of Tahiti, have died from influenza
could talk until we got here, but we and the disease is rapidly spreading iu
really were able' to get along quite the ilandB of iiie Pacific, according to
well. .the passengers tnd crew of the steam
Harold and I have a regular homo Cr Moana. in I'rt today
here in Junglinster. We have been herej Xho Mouna, 'in her way hero from
three days. Tho weather is very com,'
snd we have no barn to sleep in, so we .
rented a room in the home of an old!
couple. The whole house is ours now, j
and we spend our evenings jauucriuB
with the old folks. They have a boy in
Dakota, and are so interested in Am
ericans. They are so surprised to know
that America really has had men over
here. The old woman insists on tucking
us into bed, and thinks we are her lost
kids, I suppose. She must be seventy
or seventy-five years old. Old people
are more hardy here, 1 believe than in
General Pe'shing was in Luxemburg
a few days ego, and Marshal Foch ii
to be there tomorrow- I suppose it will
be a big day. , . 1
I spent a couple of days in Belgium
recently. We went down there to take
over some German guns and dumps
they were turning over. I had a chance
to see a German company drill, and
they surely r military alright. Aft
things were all picked up, the Amer
icans escortel the boehes to their linej.
1ha people sm rejoiced at their de
parture. Tho next morning I dro'
through tho town again, rd under thi:
arch the people had eraetcd to thei'
"Deliverers" they had the German
flag stretched out on the rosd, so eveiv
one had to drive over it that entered
i ... -X WWW
the city. I didn't drive over it! (Orders
from the back seat); That shows the
Belgium feeling. , ix
, Well now, as about .the war. We
wore all surprised and could hardly be
lieve tho sudden ending! The weather
had been wet for weeks on 4ho Argonne
front where we were, and it was a
pretty hard pull in general, and after
the armistice was signed; it cleared up,
and it seemed the wholo world was
Changed. We had pretty good dug
outs and hnts, etc., btlte-wore' on the
Hdq. Troop 3rd A. C.
A. P. O. 754, A. E. F.
Tahiti, Island In Pacific
In Clutches Of Influenza
Ean Francisco, Dec. 24. More than
half tho population of Papeote, capi-
Give way before the pene
trating effects of Sloan's
So do those rheumatic twinges and
the loin-aches of lumbago, the nerve
Inflammation of neuritis, the wry neck,
the joint wrench, the ligament sprain,
the muscle train, and the throbbing
The ease of applying, the auicknesa
of relief, the positive results, the clean
lines, and the economy of Sloan's
Liniment make it universally preferred.
30e, 60e, $1.20
Sidnoy, visited Papeoto. Mounds o!
bodies, tar ejat were burning on tho j
hillsides tint! whole families, dead from
tho discuso, were burning in tho housea
in which they Uvcd.
Influenza i8 believed to havo hit Ta
hili harder t.imu any other section 0!
the world. - .
Among the v.ttiius at Papotto wav
Miulivino Levine. Chapman, known t
every traveler iu the South Pacific it
holol nud ciicauut grove owner, and
member of the Hawaiian royal family
- T . -
Last' Arrangements For
Milo Piper Made Tcday
; Muskegon, Mich., lice. 24. Arrange
ments were made today for ending the
HAVE YOU JOINED
; (,i A j - 1 M 1 - ' Tt,
.!, --,- - ? -j- 'OH
$ - T rA .V -- :
lnf-H' 4 ' - .
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! f't, . ,'. ' -jiu " " ,. r- ly
TAT" 1 y ilD Tn?
DIET KITCHEN OP AMERICAN RED CROSS IN FRANCS.
A MERRY CHRISTMAS
' . and
A HAPPY and PROSPEROUS
history of Milo H. Piper, The forme?
insurance agent, arrested on a charge
of murdering Miss Frioda Woiehmnn,
will bo buried Christmas day. -
A coroner's jury decided laBt night
that Piper took his own life by strhiij
ling himsolf In his coll. ,
Mrs. Piper today still professed djs
bolief in theories advanced by officers
that Piper had bigamotisly -married
Mis Wcichman and then killed tho girl
to hide his offense.
Red Cross Campaign Is ;
; Extended To January 10
San Francisco, Dec. 24. Becauso of
the influenza epidemic handicap, .the
Red Cross Christinas roll call campaign
THE RED CROSS?
Cherry City Baking Co.
in .the1 Pacific division was today ex
tended to January 10. Determined ef
forts will be mado' everywhere to se
cure a 100 per ecnt ' enrollment.-.
Men Of Battle Fleet Will
, C J ft 1 ft
apena tnnsnnas At aea
- New York, D(c. 2-1. Mon pf Ameri
ca's bnttlo fleet coming home from tho
war must spend Christmas at se, The
squadron was-expected to enter New
York harbor tomorrow morning out
storms delayed it. Announcement wns
mado today that tho fighting shipa will
arrive at 9 a. m. Thursdsjr for'-the re-'
vicw. : i . ' -"
STUFFED UP WITH
"A BAD COLD?"
Get busy with a bottle of
Dr. King's New Discovery
Coughs, coMa and bronchMattacka
they are all likely to result in danger
ous aftermaths unless checked in time.
And how effectivplv and rmirklv Iii-
Kiim's New Discovery helps to do the
checking work! Inflamed, irritated
membranes are soothed, tne mucous
phlegm loosened freely, and quiet,
restful sleep follows. 60c and $1.20.
All druggists) liave it. SolJ since 1SC9
Constipation Einaclpatlon 1
No more lazy bowels, yellow com
plextion, 6ick headache, indigestion.'
embarassing breath, when you use as a
corrective Dr. King's New Iifo Pills.
They systematize the system and keep
the world looking cheerful 25c.
JOURHAL .WANT ADS PAY
v , ft ri - . s3r I