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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1918)
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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO.
REAT GERMAN SASE,
OH THREE I S
WIS FORCED TO
ABANDON VESLE LINE
mi I 111 A
Cans Of Allies Now Bearing Upon Fismes--Chamery, Wh?re
Ouentin Roosevel Died, Has Been ( i ed And Ameri
cans Are Searching For Young Hero's Grave Enemy De
fenses Along River Aisne Beyond Soissons Have Appar
ently Been Abandoned As Jaws Of Trap Clt.se Tirhter
With Constant Allied Advances.
. The Germans apparently have definitely abandoned
the Vesle river line and will make their stand along the
Aisne or even further north,, on the Chemin Des Dames
Allied troops are now within six miles of Fismes to
the southwest, south and east, and the occupation of that
city may occur at any time. It is considered doubtful that
the enemy will attempt to defend it strongly.
French cavalry has worked along the south bank" of
the Vesle eight miles, from Champigny to Jouchery, the
latter town being only five and a half miles from Fismes.
The Germans are reported to have destroyed all bridges
across the Vesle and to be burning villages north of the
Beyond Soissons the boches are reported to be re
treating rapidly, and seemingly have abandoned the de'
fenses along the Aisne in that region. To the northeast
ward lies the Chemin Des Dames high ground, where they
: re expected to make a stand.
SEARCH FOR ROOSEVELT'S GRAVE.
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The American Armies In France, Aug. 3. Fis
mes has been brought within range of American artillery.
Chamery, where Quentin Roosevelt fell to his death, ac
cording to German statements, today is in the hands of
American troops. Americans are searching for Roose
London, Auj. 3. British troops, rush
injr forward noith of the Somme, occu
pisd portions of the German front line
near Albert, Field Marshal Haig re
"During the night our patrols rush
ed forward in ths Albert sector and oc
cupied portions of the enemy front
line," the statement sid. '
"A raid, at.dnpted by the enemy
yasterday morning in the neighborhood
of Ff.uchy. was repulsed with loss.
; Will Tell Story Of Life
For Capital Journal
Lieutenant Rickenbarker, ra-
uious American ace and former
automobile speed king tells the
story of the life and adventures
of American aviators at the
front in a series of 10 artic les to
be published by the Capital
Journal beginning Monday
The American aviators in
France have evolved a brand
new language to fit the new life
of the air fighters in this most
, romantic phase of the great war. if
"Rjikenbackor is America's
head gimper," writes Frank J.
. Taylor, 1'nited Press staff corrc- sjc
spondeut. "Gimper in Hie new
aviation language, means a bird
who wont quit." "
Ricl.enba kcr tells of battles
in the air. the intimate life and
methods of the bird men and $
the experiences of new comers,
"eggs." He reveals, ns lias nev-
er been, told before, the real
spirit a:!i! romance of the Am-
crunii aviators in the forefront
if th nevet and most thrilling
adventures iu human history. sjc
Es m to m
AS DENY t
different points between Bethune and
. By Lowell MeUett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the French Armies in the Field
Aug. 3. (Noon) The allied advance
south of the Vesle river towards Fis
Skirting the Aisne from Pommiers
to Venizel, allied troops are reaching
the regions of Scrches, Covrelles and
(This latter place is about seven
miles west of Fismes.)
Further east the allied progress also
continues. Cavalry patrols have reached
oertain points along tho Vesle towards
Champigny and Joncherry crcssiug
bridges set afire by the Germans.
' (This simultaneous advance of the
allies towards Fismes from the east
and west indicates that the gap at the
top of the Soissons-Rheims pocket has
tup of tho Soissons-Rheims pocket has
been reduced to about 13 'j miles
This is the distance between Cerseul,
west of Fismes, and Joncherry, east
of Fismes, both of which places the
allies have reached.)
West of Rheinis the region of Tin
quex, Thillois, Gueux, Rosnay and Jlon
taxin have been attained.
(These villages are along a line run
ning almost directly -west of Rheims,,)
Fourteen' large incendiary fire cen
ters were counted last night.
Cavalry Beaches Vesle.
London. Aug. 3. (1:23 p. m)
Fiencli cavalry is reported to have
reached the south bank of the Vesle
river at Joncherry and Champigny.
(Joncherry is "only 5 .miles cast of
Fismes. Champigny is seven miles
cat of Joncherry .and less than two
miles west of Bheims.)
All bridges across the Vesle have
ben destroyed. The Germans are
(Continued on page seven)
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY.-AUGUST 3,
BY FRENCH TROOPS
Swept Down Slopes Of Ridge
Last Night And Drive Out
By Lowell MeUett
(United Fiess Staff Correspondent.)
....With The French Armies In The Field
Alig 3 (la ni.) French troops now
hold the wrecked city of Soissons.
General Mangin's poilus swept down
the slopes of Montagne de Paris last
night and drove the Germans out of the
place. Then they resisted the enemy
rebound from the hills on tho other
side. , .
The attack on the city folio wo d a
bombardment which, after the day's
fighting permitted the French to occu
py tho place firmly.
The capture of Soissons, however, was
only an incident in the advance which
stretched around the whole length of
the rapidly straightening salient. Tlic
boches fell back from one to two miles
8verywlioref while allied cavalry at sev
eral points penetrated a mile farther.
Plessier and Ilnrtuness woods, where
Prusisan guards made the stiffest re
sistance of any of the onemy force, are
now virtually encircled. -
A remarkable feature of the, fighting
is the manner in which tho artillery is
"LILLIES" OF ARMY STAFF
BOTH TOIL AND SPIN
Amount of Administration To
Handle Amy Affairs
By William Philip Simms
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the British Armies in the
Field, June 30. "The Lilies," they
sometimes call the staff officers out
here, on the ground that thev toil not
neither do they do anything but spin
joyriding in autos.
But did you ever stop to consider the
amount, of "administration" required
to keep an army going? The man
in the street, even the average soldier,
seldom takes the trouble to figure it
nut. To him, tho'Brass Hat is mainly
decorative. Is he?
Take the one problem of transport
looked after by what the British call
the "Q" staffs: With the Oeriirans
attacking along a 50-mile front how
General Pershing's Official Report
' Washington, Aug. 3. Two hundred
and six casualties, listed by General
Pershing, were divided as follows:
Killed in action 112; died of wounds
11; died of disease 11; died of acci
dent and other causes 5; wounded se
verely .W; wounded, degree undeter
mined, 2; missing in action 9.
The list follows:
Killed In Action
Major J. B. Kalle, Washington, D. C.
R. St. J. Boldt, Jr., Xew York
J. A. Cooper, Hale Center, Texas
H. 8. George, Pittsburg, Pa.
B. H. Mehl. Leavenworth, Kan.
R. O. Purdy, Jr.. Sumter, 8. C. '
C H. Stramberg, Somerville, Mass.
Master Engineer H. G. Middletown,
H. D. Bloyd, Kelso, Wash.
M. J. Glanders, Xew Orleans, La.
R. M. Karls, Jasper, Mo.
L. Meece. Dykes, Ky.
L. A. Pye, Rochester, N. Y.
J. H. Bishell, Keene, X. II.
D. J. Oowles, Kansas City, Kari.
L- A. Desilets, Keene, X. H.
A. J. Fitzmorris, fckowhegan. Me.
V. L. Giantvalley, South Minneapo
J. Russo, Brooklyn, X. Y.
T. Eeale, Long island City, X. Y.
J. P. Shaw, Xew Bedford. Mass.
A. M. Horensen, Penn Van, X. Y.
G. B. Vifkroy, Lancaster, Ohio
W. B. Weaver, Piney Creek, X. C.
Colored Soldiers Riot
At Kassas City Today
Kansas City, Ms., Aug 3. Police re
servos wen? rushed to the union station
late last night to quell a disturbance
among 4,000 negro draftees who be
lieved one of tlu-U number had been at
tacked by a policeman. B. A. Balkius,
of Fort Worth, Texas, was trampled by
the crowd and policeman, H. T. Clark,
was brained about the head. Police toott
command cf the station until, a troop
train bearing the negroes departed for
beiug pushed forward with the infantry,
in spite of the bad states of the roads.
The Germans, under orders, are pillag
ing and burning as they retreat. Iu
some instances whole villages, such as
Brouillet (three miles and a half north
west ofViUo-en-Tardeiiois) are afire,
lighting the northern sky lines and low
hanging clouds with siuster effect. Tho
Germans are unmistakably withdrawing
from the whole pocket. Their geneials
are skillfully extricating them from the
hottest hole into which any crown prince
ever ordered an obedient army "with
or without father's blessing."
Horse, foot, airplanes, trucks, ambu
lances, tanks they are working their
way northward before the avenging
French, American, and British.
Yesterday's allied accomplishments
eliminated the possibility of the bodies
making a stand on the high plateau po
sitions stretching aeross the salient be
low Fismes. Pressing home the advan
tage obtained Thursday when they
gained a foothold on the plateau, to
gotuer with gun positions sweeping the
plain, the French, despite a terrific
downpour of rain, pushed relentlessly
forward ail du' yesterday. -
The German Hne is giving steadily at
most points, advancing troops finding
only the nmnterous machine guns to op-
(Continued oh page two)
many pounds of supplies duily do you
estimate must be hauled up to battle
positions from bases at the rear?
The answer is 200,000,000 pounds,
And this is taking for granted that
the bases previously have been plenti
lully stocked at tremendous pains and
labor with requisites from the four
corners of the world..
An Astounding Task.
Tho moiejn.e thinks of it the more
astounding the task proves to be, and
it is all the greater during a defensive
During an offensive the work is cut
out for every officer anil man in ad
vance. It is all a matter of routine.
From gi'nc(i(al commanding down to
truck driver everybody knows today
pretty mmh what tomorrow's supplies
must be, iu what proportions, to what
units th.'y are to be delivered, where
and at what time.
(Continued on page three)
L. B. Williams, Boston, Muss.
Buglers J. II. Keogh, Binghainton,
A. Yaffee, Syracuse, X. Y.
Wagoner W. J. Puggar, Middlcsboro,
Meihanic K. Donley, Xa-hua, X. II.
H. Akers (no emergency address)
8. Anderson, Hartington, Xeb.
J. Arcomano, Brooklyn, X. Y.
A. Auten, Gaines, Mich.
C. S. Babcoek, Hamilton, Ohio
' O. F. Ballard. Waupaca, Wis.
G. Bleviua, Pay Coulee, Mont.
G. Bond, Canaloit, Mo.
D. Brendler, Xew York
C. B. Brier, Denver, Colo.
F. J. Brown, Chicago
V. 3. Brown, Alexanderia, La.
R. O. Hums, Beetown, Wis.
- E. X. (,'anavan, Detroit, Mich.
II. F. Canficld, Traverse City, Mich.
K. I. Cliett. Reno, Ga.
L. K. Cline, Forttngton, la.
L. J. Dunne, Tupper Lake, X. Y.
W. H. Durff, Khippensburg, F'a.
L. Early, North Washington, Pa.
R. J. Eickweiler, Notch, Pike coun
K. M. Ednor, Campbell, Minn.
L. J. Emmertz, Chester, Pa.
E. Evans, Cambrai, Minn.
L. G. Franklin, Golden Pond, Ky.
L. Frederickson, Salt Lake City,
H. .Gaveli:k, Denver, Colo.
'.Coutinued on page two;
DRAFT AGE LIMITS
WILL BE EIGHTEEN
TO FORTY-FIVE SOON
This WiH Be Feature Of Bill
Senator Chamberlain Will
By L. C. Martin
(Wited Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Aug. 3. Eighteen to for
ty five are the draft ages fixed in the
new man power bill to be introduced
in the senate Monday by Senator Cham
berlain. The bill gives, the president discre
tion to call thoso below 21 for training
purposes in this country or to cull them
last if it becomes necessary to use them
Aniwmncemeut that the ago limits are
18 to 43 caused much surprise in view
of the opposition congress has to going
below 21. ,
Privisiou that those below 21 are to
be used only as a last resort is be
lieved, however, to have hud consider
able effect in mollifying those who le
lieve that no man should be called into
military service until he is at least of
The president's idea Is to havo those
between IS and 21 rceeive not only mil
itary but vocational education.
Secretary Halter later officially an
nounced that the draft age limits fix
ed in the bill ho "gave Senator Cham
berlain this morning are IS to 4o.
Tho ages fixed in the bill are those
which have been favored right along
by Senator Chamberlain. Secretary Ba
ker, however, was thought to favor
making the minimum 19 years with the
maximum some where between 3a and
The fact that he was converted to
the 18-43 limit is believed due in large
part to tho attitude of Provost Marshal
General Crowder, who has strongly ad
vocated making all men between 18
and 45 sub.ioct to some sort of service.
If the bill is enacted as proposed, it
will nmpower Crowder to extend his
trofk;Or-fight .order to a much broader
degree than at preoat .
Crowder recently told . the senate
committeo that if he were eivea such"
a bill he would guarantee there would
be no further shortages of labor in this
Is Not Authorized
Washingtou, "Aug. 3. The war de
partment formally denies that General
March gave an estimate such as was cit
ed by tho senotors. Secretary Baker
said this afternoon there had been
"confusion iu the senators' tniuds from
the fact that a casualty total to date
was exhibited to them and that this
showed around 12,000 casualties," but
that this did not include . the great
bulk expected from the present drive.
TO ESCAPE- TRAP
German Commander Now Only
Intent Un saving Haras
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
Xew York, Aug. 3. (1:13 p. in.)
General' Foch this afternoon, controls
nearly two thirds of Von lliudeiiliuig's
former defensive positions along the
Fearing the allies will outflank him
irom Koissons, Von llindenbiirg has
started scurrying northward. He has
nbatnloiiedi his position nlon the Vesle
river for one third of the distance east
c f K iissons and for nearly another third
w'.st of the Rheims area.
The remaining third of the front, in
tin- renter, is ptill open to the retreat
ing Germans. A very quick flanking
movement by the allies will result in a
general capture of Germans but no ex
tremely large bag is to be expected for
the moment. Yon Hindenburg isn't stop
ping to fight. He is moving helter
kel.?r for the Aisne, trying to keep his
line intact and at the same time pro
tee' the hemin des Dames position. His
Mnrne fiasco is complete.
For Present Week
London, Aug. 3. British casualties in
official lists published during the week
totaled 11,240, divided as follows:
Killed Wounded Missing Total
Officers ...... 9.1 293 38 424
Men nun ;io.i .--5 inio
PRICE TWO GENTS
EIGHT DIVISIONS ARE
IN GREA T OFFENSIVE
SAYS GENERAL MARCH
Chief of Staff Says Pershing Now Has Over Million Men la
Fighting Zone Exclusive Of Those Brigaded With French
And British-Tells Of Great Progress Made By Ameri
cans Over Ground Literally C wed Wi'h Girnui Crp-
ses It Has so rar Keen
And Material Abandoned
CENTER OF LINE
Have Taken Cohan and Kar
rass Germans With Artil
lery Fire- .
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Tress s'aff correspondent)
With the American Armies in France,
Aug. 3. (7:10 a. m.) The Americans
continue to advance all along the cen
ter of tho Soissons-Rheims salient.
Cohan and other towns and villages
in that region are now In our hands.
Heavily destructive artillery fire is
combing the roads over which the Ger
mans are retiring. The boches con
tinue to iblow up ammunition dump?
and burn material as they retreat
Rapid giving way of the Boches fol
lowed bitter fighting along the line of
SieJi'iuijjesi, Sergyi Mid 'Cierjges. Thre
was no denying the offensive spirit of
the Americans in that region.
Tho Germans made every effort to
hold, not only by throwing in their
best troops but by making great pre
parations for defenss f the forests of
Nesles, Fero and other woods In that
region. Big ammunition dumps were
captured there, the bodies having no
opportunity to destroy them. The en
emy also built extensive dugouts and
trench systems, and Btiretched grcut
quantities of barbed wire.
The Prussian gnnrds and other di
visions were cut to pieces by tho fer
ocity of the American attack.
Roads, fields and woods are littered
with enemy dead.
....American artillery deutroyed great
numbers of machine gun nests in the
woods. Those remaining continued to
fire until the doughboys rushed them.
Then woulu come a further '.vuinter
rupted advance until tho next bunch
of machine guns was encountered.
Tho Americans swung across the
fields in open lines, through woods and
along the roads in the highest spirits.
Home men who had become separated
from their own units and had been
fighting with others for two or three
iltivs, sighted their own outfits on the
road and veiled, "Well, so long, here's
(Continued on page two)
I War Summary of United Press f
1461st Day of the War; 17th Day of Counter Offensive
Soissotis Hheitns front The German
retreat becomes more rapid as the ad'es
drive ahead along the-whole front be
tween Soissons und Rheims. French,
American and British troops are ap
proaching the Vesle river line along its
entire length and are closing in upon
Fismes from three sides.
Gains of two to eight miles were re
ported today nt various points. French
cavalry lias reached Joncherry, on the
south bunk of the Vesle, five and a
half miles east of Fismes. Americans
have captured Cohan, six miles south of
Fismes. French troops have occupied
Mareuil en-Dole, seven miles to the
On the west side of the pocket the
German defcnie apparently has been
comtiletelv broken und the allies have
crossed the Aisne some distance cast of I
Soissons. It is believed now that the
Gem, aiis will not attempt to defend the
Vesle line, but will fall back to the
Aisne, or even to the Chemin des Dair.cs
Picardy front The enemy is report
ed to have retired across the Ancre to
the east bank on the three mile front
from Albert northward to Aveluy wood.
This followed constant hammering o(
this iv-ctor by the British for several
Flanders front Gorman artillery wan
active last night between Betluino and
Champagne front The Trench have
occupies nil me grouuu incy io.i iiiurv:r
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
Impossible To Gather AH Cu
By Enemy During Retreat
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press War Expert.)
Washington, Aug. 3. Eight divisions
of American troops are now engaged in
the great western front offensive. The
32nd is the latest to enter the struggle,
General March revealed to day in his .
conference with aprrespondents.
Declaring that the objective of our
forces js still the Bncmy's army, Geren
al March presented a confidential report .
showing the success of the American
Allied advance. An officer of General
Muir's staff, back from Fere-on-Tarde-nois,
made the report, saying it did
not seem possiblo to gather all the guns
and material abandoned by the Ger
Tho ground was so covered with Ger
man corpses it was impossible to pro- ,
cced without walking over them.
The officer suid, too, that the 28th
divisioti had made very rapid progress
and has advanced a considerable dis
tance from its roar lines. The rainbow
division, it was stated, was the organi
zation which a week ago distinguished
itself against the crack Prusrtan gutirds.
Discussing the general military situa- "
tion, March pointed out that the reri
meto of the salient had been reduced to
48 miles, as against 74 at the start. The '
depth of tho enemy 's retirement is now
Since Wednesday tlw Germans have
been forced to further retire, the French
have wnlked Into Soissons, a throo to
four mile advance has been made on a
thirty mile,, front and an. artvuMn, of
four niPcs on a four mile front on the
heights west of Rhiems;
Million Men Under Pershing
Gcuerul Pershing now has in his area
over a million men. This means they
are under his direct control and are ex
clusive of forces brigaded with" the
The division now in tho big offensive
are the First ,Seeond, Third, Fourth re
gulars; 2(ifh; 28th 32nd .(Michigan and
Wisconsin) and 42nd national guards.
Ti e 35th division under General John
L. H'ines is now in tho Vosges, not far
from tho Swiss border.
The 80th national army division has
Generals Ordered Home.
General officers orcVred to rrlun
from France to this country, tomo of
them to take command of brigades are
Generals Hornbiook, to the southern dc
ptii'tmcut; Kutz to (lump Humphreys;
Saffamns, to Camp Sheridan, Ala.; His-
(Continued on pn.ge three)
" Kver'time I ketch up on th' v.ar I
have t' stop an' wait around a coup!
o .avs t rum out now nmu u nirun -
irie niiiiit is pronounced," said
, j ..(,v t 'dav. Kume folks havo a fine
, , 0 rmnir.