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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1918)
(23,Or") READERS) DAILY
Ouly Circulation in falem Guar
antee! by the Audit Bureau of
PF A &E.0
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 184.
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, AUGUST 5, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
'SUIT A 'm-5C A "JTVitrstL fr'TJ - .-
if-Jl J 11 f 1 mi a n f if o
full leased wire li u if i i ry c s: n t n m nnnrnni era mm
ALGG VESLE RIVER LINE
AT 3 STRATEGIC POINTS
Moving Inward From These Points On Boch Flanks Allies
Are Aiming to Arm New Pocket And Force Enemy To
- Retreat For SafetyNext Important Objective Is Town of
Vailly, Where Germans Have Large Supply Depots Re
tirement of Enemy On Ten Mile Front In Picardy Was Ac
complished During Last Night
The Germans, it was indicated by official and staff
dispatches today may make
Vesle line than had been expected,
Although the allies have established bridgeheads at
Fismes, Bazoches and Jonchery, and are moving inward
from the flanks north of that line, the French war office
reported that elsewhere strong resistance has been en
countered above the river. At the same time, dispatches
flom staff correspondents stated boche .artillery" has
opened the most violent fire in the last two days.
The most important geographical objective now im
mediately before the allies is the town of Vailly, on the
bank of the Aisne, nine miles east and north of Soissons.
It is about two miles east of the junction of the Vesle and
Aisne, and four miles north of the Vesle. It is the center
f a highway system and is on the railway which follows
the Aisne from Soissons to Neufchtal.
: The German retirement north of Montdidier on the
Picardy front reported in last night's Paris' communique
was made on a front of more than eleven miles between
Castel and Mesnil-St. Georges. It reached a maximum
depth of about two miles. It included most of the Amer
ican sector, as Mesnil-St. Georges is a mile and a half west
of Montdidier and two miles southeast of Cantigny.
Paris, Aug. 5. The long range bom- were pushed back and the French threw
bardment of Pans was resumed today. small force across the river there.
Violent figliting occurred at Vauter
London, Au;. 5 German losses siuce ;'arin and station, near Rhoinis, but
July 15, the data when the crown prince
began Ms- l&st drive were unofficially
estimated at from 300,000 to 350,000 of
which 40,000 are prisoners. Allied loss-
3 c-J.tainly are much less. ,
By Lowell Mellett.
(I'nited Press stai'f correspondent)
with the French Armies in the , "
ruM, Aug. 5. (2:l!0 p. m.) German
resistance is sriffening all, along the
French patrol which rYossed at sev
eral points bearing machine guns and
large supplies1 of grenades, reported
there are indications that the enemy
Will has large forces on the river.
The Germans are employing artillery
freely to harass the allied troops. j
Muizon (five miles west of Rheims),)
was hotly disputed, buf the Germans j
TELLS STOR OF LIFE
Famous American Ace Talks
Of His Experiences For
(Copyright 1918, by the I'nited Press.)
With The American Airmen In France
July 10. (By Mnil.J- "80 yuu want
some gimper talk," said Lieutenant Ed-j
die Kickeubacker. all-American ace nd
former speed king in the automobile tue-
ins world, today.
"We 11 call a bunch of the giinpers. were getting the worst of it, perhaps,
in and there will soon be p!enty of gim-jand the fellow with you stuck with you
per talk. But you'll have to translate 'and gave it to them until the Heinies
it, or the p.'ople back home will never went hack into Hunland, you'd know
understand this aviation dialect wei he was a giuijer.
have devebped over here." i ' l( i. ,jidn '(have motor trouble, and
Kickenbacher, who downed his five! his gun didn't jam 0r he didn't accept
firmans in kss than two month,and be-j 1
eamc the second all-American trained' (Continued on page three)
stronger resistance along the !
:tl,p Genitalis' were unable t0 recapture
XnrH, nf H.n J7ole To f,,,.n-n form
hl9 im,a mined anrt 'blown up bv j
French artillery heavily shelled a
j large concentration of boche troops in
the region of St. Thierry, tiree miles
inoithwest of Kheims.
FIGHTING MOEE ACTIVE.
By Frank J. Taylor.
(I'nited Pres3 staff correspondent)
With the American Annies in
France, Aug. 4. (Night) 'Fighting ou
the "quiet'' sectors of the American
front was more active today than for
some time past,
American troops raided enemy posi-
(Continued on page two)
.ace, is a tall, strapping chap with a fine
''sense of humor and a winning sniil'.
In his cscadrille, they call him "luad
gimper" just because he is naturally t
leader and the life of the unit. The cs
cadrille is known as the "gimper squad
ron" and was the first group of Am-
nricflH trninoil Qll fiirlitora fn tmltlt HlA
;fieM or tlle ail. th awav f thc
; German airmen.
"A gimper is a bird who would stick
by you through anything," explained
Riekenbacker. "If you were up in the
lair and ran into a doxen bodies audi
I BOTH FLANKS
1 ' J
MICKEY O'EOUBGE .
Speaks at the Armory Tonight
5tock Market Show
No Sign Of Life Today
New York, Aug. 5. The New York
Evening Sun financial review today
said; . .. " ' . . :
"Following the week-end military
developments it was regarded a pos
sible the stock market might show
some signs of Kfc at the beginning of
the new week. Those who looked for ac
tion today were disappointed .however,
until the last hour, when a belated up
ward movement set in. Trading in the
first hour was held down to le3s than
50.000 shares and in- the second hour
less than 20,000 shares. There was
strength in filth specialties as Ameri
can Sumatra tobacco, Americau Linsetd
and National Tnameling and Stamping.
f'The standard list remained virtual
"From Over There"
General Pershing's Official Report
Washington, Aug. 5. American cas
ualties from the great Franco-American
offensive have begun to pour into
the war department. The names of four
hundred and seven were made public
today. In addition. 29 will be ready
at 1 p. in. for release to morning pa
perj tomorrow. Many more names, it
w'as said, have reached thc war depart
ment, but llieir mihlicfttuin i nivnitiixr
the customary fifteen hours notice to
relatives. ' - ' '
With the total of "00 namrs announc
ed tcday or ready for announcement,
the casualty list today showed that the
country must steel itself for the great
est losses suffered thus far in the war.
The early list was divided as fol
lows: Killed in action 203; died of wounds
3"; died of disease 9; died of airplane
accident 1; died of accident and other
causes G; wounded severely iH; wound
ed, degree undetermined, 100; missing
in action 3.
Killed In Action
Lieutenant Colonel M. J. Craig, 621
Clayton Ht., San Fran'isco
Captain W. H. Worthington, Lancas
(1- R. Anderson, Ardniore, Okla.
E. A. Billings, Portland, Jit.
J. M. Duuian, Terre Haute,' Ind.
H. C. Gilson, Carthage, N. Y,
(. G. Hall, Haverhill, Mass.
G. W. Rylcy, Lawrence, Mass.
L. A. Wood Portland, Or.
F. J. Brown, Euglcwoed, N. J.
E. Conner, Quaker City, Ohio .
C. B. Iavis, Petersburg, V. Va.
K. C. lavSs, Harrison, Mich.
H. Iteland, Philadelphia
A. F. Johnson, Momence, III.
F. A- Kline. Akron, Ohio
C. A. McDougal, Aberdeen, N. C.
t L. C. Powers, Syracuse, N. y.
J. Hayne, Pleasant View, Ky.
H. M. Wallace, Gusseta, Ala.
J. I. Woolwine, Dubuque,. La.
H. C. Wolvertou, Breckenridge, Mich
H. F. Bernard. San Diego, Cal.
A. P. Blake, Providence, R. I.
.1. C. Carmody. Poultney, Vt.
E. E. (,'rabbe, Ixindon, Ohio
B. M. Darby, North Bend, Pa.
N. Davis, JlOjUnt Cannel, Pa.
GENERAL FOCH MAY
FORM NEW POCKET
BY FUNK ATTACKS
Tactics Of Allied Commander
In Chief Are Now Plainly
Apparent To Experts
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, Aug. 3. Another deadly
pocket is being formed by General Foch
around the German positions on the
Vesle. The sides of the wedge are be
ing forced northward from Soissons to
ward the Chemin-desDames and lrom
lihcims toward Berry-au-Bnc, while the
Germans on the Vesle between Soissons
and Rheims arc gradually being let r in
General Foeh's present purpose is to
move his east and west flanks north
ward faster than his center. By this
maneuver a condition similar to that
which existed when the Germans were
on the Mame will again threaten Von
Hindenburg. The longer Von Hinden
burg clings to the Vesle the more time
will be given to General Foch to diiv.e
his flanks northward, thus deepening
the new Vesle salient.
Yon Hindenburg can overcome this
strategy only by withdrawing from the
Vesle or bv throwing an immense num
ber of reserves into defensive positions
north of Soissons and Rheims. If he
thus uses up- his reserves for defensive
fighting, Von Ilindeiiburjr will be play
ing General Foch 's game. Every Ger
man reserve unit thrown into the pres
ent fighting weakens the force with
which the kaiser must defend German
territory against America's forthcoming
The possible danger to the Germans
in the present trap is greater than ex
isted at the Manic. If General Foch can
move his flanks northward for a suffi
cient distance before Von Hindenburg
starts to retreat from the Vesle, the al
lies will begin to close in behind tin
Aisiie river, five to teu miles north of
the Vesle and, in general, parallel to It.
When the Germans then commence to
retire, a disastrous -ilight across the
Aisne under fire of the allies' artillery
might well be the best they can expect.
The Aisnn is now in high flood. That
means serious difficulties in getting
heavy nrtil'ery across. A day's delay
may thus turn out to be fatal to Von
. BREAD MADE OF SAND.
Zurich, Aug. S.Much of the bread
manufactured in Austria now is 50 per
cent flour mixed with saud. according
to the Arbe'iter eitung. ,
G. R.- Goodrich. Phila.lelnhia
N. B. Ilillabraiidt, A.-suaiption, ill-
E. Hirst, New Bedford, Mass.
C. M. Horton, Uobertin, La. j
3. T. Jones, Knoxville, Tenn.
K, W. King, Troy. Ala. !
F. Drajenski, Brooklyn. N. V.
L. T. Lassbrook, Phillips, Ky. ,
N. A. Little, Salem, Mass.
E. McAllister, Mt. Pleasant, N. C.
C. I). McKenncy, Newton, Mass.
W. R. Miller, New London, Mass.
W. W. Mitchell, Edna, Cal.
L. Phillips, Pikesville, Ky.
S. G. Rain, Sclnia, Ala.
M. I). Riley, Ozard, Ala.
W, C. Sanf'onl, Morrisville, Pa.
Z. Zeverson, Sea'tle.
G. D. Sheridan, Sherwood, Tenn.
A. M. Skatzcs, Delaware, O.
O. L. Slaglc, Crosby, Wyo.
H. Smith, Spring Valley, Minn.
J. Hpargoski. Toledo, Ohio
A. Stanfanko, Philadelphia
A. G. Beatty, Barre, Mont.
O. Pike, Fruitvale, Texas -C.
T. Sutcliffe, Miami, Fla.
B. McCampbell, Piatt, S. O.
Mechanic A. Hansen, Madison, Wis.
H. Hogan, Brooklyn, N. Y-
II. L. Jones, Springfield, Mo.
L. Jury, Philadelphia
Wagoners H. Leuz. Mcriasha, Wis.
W. Phillips, East Voungstown, O.
G. H. Allen, N. E. Grand Rapids,
M. Anderson, Humeston, la.
G. M. Albert, Philadelphia
C. C. Adams, New Bedford, Mass.
A. Adelman, New York
J. F. Bates, Boston, Mass.
C. L. Berry, West Harwich. Mass.
B. A. Briggs, Hille laic, Mich.
E. R. Burton. Vernon, N. V.
It O. Besinger, Iodie, Ohio
J. Bouin, Cliffside, N. J.
W. L. Brockman, Green Bay, Wis.
J. W. Boyce, Keyser, W. Va.
H. Joston, Hhadyside, Ohio
A. Boyce, Bethel, Ohio
M. Blowers, Malvern, Ark.
K. Blair, Andulusia, Ala.
W. (i. Brown. Shocton. Wis.
B. James, Live Oak, Fla.
W. Barrett, Boontown, '. J.
(Continued on page six)
NEW DRAFT BILL
WILL BE ENACTED
Registration Is Expected To
Begin Not Later Than
TO MEET DRAFT CALLS
Congress Will Probably Re
Convene Monday and Pass
Bill Without Delay
Washington, Aug. 5. September 5
next will be registration day for more
than 13,000,000 Americans between '18
and 21, 32 and 45, if congress heeds the
urgent plea of Provost Marshal General
Crowdcr. WeeRly registration of all men
becoming 21 years old may be necessary
after September 1, Crowder doclured in
a letter to Baker, which Chamberlain
submitted to the senate.
Crowder said he sees no other w8y to
provide the necessary men for the. Sep
tember cull of 200,000. He declared there
will be not more than 100,000 men left
in class one by the first of September.
He urged immediate action by congress
on the new man power bill to provide
for later calls. Crowder 's letter also re
vealed the fact that the war department
was figuring on draft age limits of 19
to 40 and changed Tts mind weu Crow
der showed Baker that these as would
not produce the necessary men.
Leaders are getting plans under way
for speedy passug.9 of t lie new man pow.
er bills introduced today in tho houfc
and genatut Crowder's warning that reg
istration should not bo delayed beyond
September 3 if the calls for October, No
vember and December are to bo met out
of class one, caused house and senate
IcaderB to consider reconvening both
houses next Monday to begin work on
Senator Chamberlain, ehnirnian of the
senate military committee announced
that his committee would begin work
n:t tho bill at once. Ho added that in
all probability it could be reported out
to the senate after a few days' delib
eration. At) effort Jay be made by the sen
ate to resume its regular business before
August 24 when the upper branch's re
!eni taid that Secretary Baker prob
ably would lo the first witness before
the house committee when it takes up
the bill. General March, chief of staff,
and Provost Marshal General Crowder
will follow Baker.
Though opposition will develop
against tho measure, particularly in the
seriate, at: to lowering ages below 21,
there is a general feeling that there will
be far less fight than was ,gcne rally be
1'iiiier the enlarged age limit Provost
Marshal General C rowder estimates (hat
2,'-!)S,84.j more men available for fight
ii ber'-icc will be obtained. Tlieso fig
ures we.iv contained in a report drawn
by Crowder and submitted to the sen
I'o toiii.v bv r'namberlaiii.
These "effectives" are divided as
follows. Between .12 and 4", (illl,2:i(i
li on , bi t ween 18 and 20, l,77,(ll'9.
Total registrants between 32 and 45,
Crowd;? estimated, should number 10,
0uS.!)73 and between 18 and 20, 3,171,871
Washington, Aug, ". The great man
powe.i bill making tho draft ages 18 lo
4.) wits introduced in the house ami
The bill in the house was referred to
thc military eommittie, but it is unlike
ly that it can ge consideration before
the bouse reconvenes August. 1(1, ( haii
man Dent said.
Because Of Defeat
Rotterdam, Aug. 5. Thc Ger
man people uic beginning to feel
restive under the effects of the
defeat 1,1 Marne. This is e
idenced by statements from Lu
dendorff and Von Hindenburg
to "newspaper correspondents
tending to bolster up the spirits
of the public. The Fremdenblatt
eopies of which have been re
ceived here, report riots in the
market with the police unable to
cope with the situation.
Iliimoi's arc current that Hin
denburg will stake nil on a final
blow against the allies in Sep
yr.iber with three points his ob
jective the Champagne, farther
i,o ii along the coast and at
Verdun, with Paris the ultimate
GERMAN DEAD CARPETS
GROUNDS AS AMERICANS
PRESS DEFEATFD ENEMY
Correspondent Ferguson Views Scenes of Death And Deso
lation In Wake Of Retiring Germans Villages Destroyed
And Wreck And Ruin In Evidence Everywhere Machine
Gun Companies of Rear Guards Lie Dead About Their
Silent Guns Most of German Corpses Found in Hollows
Where They Were Ordered To Stay Until Death.
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staif correspondent)
With the American Armies in France
Aug. 5. German artillery has opened
upon the American lines and railroads
more vigorously than for the past two
days and there is machine gun activi
ty. about the region Fismes now -in
Ithe hands' of tho Americans indicat
ing the enemy may possibly plan des
perate resistance there.
American patrols are acrosB the ves
le. After the Americans took Fismes,
other United States troops moved
nor;hward in the Mareuil-en-Iole re
They marched steadily forward thru
a downpour of rain Saturday night and
Sunday aud spent most or the day leei
ing out the boc.he positions in an ef
fort to establish contact.
Late in thc afternoon the German ar
tillery besan violently shelling the Am
ericans. Whether the enemy intends to
make a stand or withdraw his artillery
further it is impossible, to guess at this
time, but American officers believe
the Germans niusti now. of a necessity
retreat beyond the Aisne.
The entire retreat was married by
vigorous shelling just prior to an In
tended artillery silence. After a great
outburst of shell fire,.the boche artil
lery remained quiet for two days and
the American guns necessarily were
American casualties during the past
48 hours have been amazingly slight,
considering the depth of our advance,
t saw an advancod dressing station
empty, the doctors idle and ambulances
lined up-with the drivers resting. Ev
erything bear out the statement of of
ficers mid men that "there hasn't been
a battle for the past two days just a
Over the ground of the recent bitter
figliting a striking note was that all
tho German dead lay in valleys, woods
and towns, while the American dead
were on the ridges. This is due to the
boche system of establishing machine
gun nests. When in villages or woods
thc enemy machine guns are carefully
placed in hollows 200 yards from the
GREATEST HERO OF BRITAIN
IS "MICKEY" O'ROURKE
(By Fred L. Buajt in the Portland
Private Michael J. O'Roui'kc will
speak at the Armory tonight.
You'll be wanting to know what kind
of a lad is this fellow O'Hnurke.
For why should you quit the com
frt of home nfter a hard day's work
to heur a private talk? Are there no
generals, or leastways colonels, or even
majors that could say a worm
lu KiIimh .f un little eomvMiuence that
they send Private This and Corporal
That to bring us news of the great
Yon Won't Be Going.
Sure not a step will, you go from thc
house this night.
Tis wrong you arei xnore are
privates and privates, and generals
and generals; but In all the allied
armies there's nary a man, from
Focu and Pershing down, that's
more worth listening to than this
same "Mickey" O'Bourke, private
hi the Canadian army.
For one thing, he's a coward. You'll
see fr yourself tonight the cold sweat
of fright on his brow, lliere s more
than one kind of a coward, and Private
O'Kourke's the kind that laughs at
death, uud shivers in the presence of a
.Ires-ied up audience.
A Man is O'Rourke.
Vim M set ! tii down for a surly man,
on meeting him the first time,, but he's
not. It 's only the way of him; taciturn,
soft-spoken, with cold grey eyes. I do
not tread on the tail of the coat of
such a man. 1 speak to him politely,
softly, and watch him if he is my una
For there's a head on tho broad si iu
ders of Privatc-O'HoUrke.
There were three boches who did not
watch Private O'Bourke at Passenclien
dale. O'Rourke and an officer blundered in
to the wrong trench in a fog, and there
three Huns took them prisoners. They
enreh"d the caiitives. and on the offi
cer they discovered an automatic pistol
winch they took.
Overlooked One Thing.
They did not find O'lbuiike's only
weapon a Mills grenade.
A Mills greiiud', if you don't know.
jtop of a rise or plateau, the advancing
Americans have no hint of resistanco
until they reach the crest of the ele
vation. The boches oro then able to
open a surprise fire and the doughbo
have- to rush the nests.
The entiro country from the Marnft
to the Vesle is now a vast scene of
wreckage. Scarcely a mirro even re
mains unbroken, the boches having
smashed them with hammers. Every
ru ii nun ,uuti- la nicimi, iub ta
house is intact. All aoout may be seen
typical German signs, from those di
recting traffic to ones renaming Btreeta
One of the latter bears the namo
"Kaiser strafe." There are numerous
narrow gaugo railway built by the
bodies, with small steel freight cars
standing on the tracks and more rails
for further construction.
I stood beside a battery manned by
American youngsters yesterday after-
Itnnii whila atli.llu nrnPA Knincr linIivl
'neroa t.he Vesle.
I stood on Hill 205, dominating the
plateau leading toward Fismes, this
morning. The landscape was one of un
usual loveliness, but moving onto the
plateau I found a wide path of de
struction. Villages were battered and
burned; fields were a lace work of
shell holes; forests were mangled and
uprooted, while roads were pitted, al
though a ibush labor battalion was rap-
idly leveling them again, using crush
ed stone from the ruined houses.
Over all clung the odor of death.
Grey-ctad bodies of Frussian guards
who had remained to fight rear guard
actions luy all about. In one field Ger
man helmets wero -tt th'ck aa.ilaiaies.
Plessier-Huleu wood was shot to
pieces. In an 6pen field between tie
wood and the town of the same name
there was every indication of a bitter
battle, including great numbers of un
Soisoons shows less recent damage
than might be expected, although it
bears out the report of tho chasseurs
that the Germans made some slight
resistance- Here and there wero futilo
barricades of the flimsiest srt stretch
ed across the street.
is an interesting bauble, lemon-shaped,
filled with amiiiouiul and fiilmiiiadu of
mercury, which combination is condens-
The Huns started rearward with tWiir
prisoners. By and by two of tho Huns
desired to smoke. One lit a cigurette.
The other's mutch was blown out by the
wind. The third German was weary, bo
he sat down on a rock.
One Hun got a light from tho other's
cigarette. Puff, puff.
Then Something Happened.
, The Mills grenade dropped down from
(Continued on page three)
ABE MARTIN l
Now that MeAdoO has fired all tV
railroad presidents we hope he'll git af
ter th' train boy that charges twelve
cents fer a Pennsylvania cigcr. Sum
buddy's alius knockin "th' erf!'ee,"
but we don't believe we ever heard a
complaint ou tea.
,) WAR 7