Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 23, 1918)
23,000 EEADEES) DAILY
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
nted by tat Abdit Burma of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY KEWS SEEVIOE
fair; gentle west
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 173.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OK TRAINS AND KEWS
ETANDS ITVB CENT
1LIE8 GAINING SLOWLY ALONG UNE
WITH ENEMY RESISTANCE STRONGER
. FOOD CRISIS PAST
ACK OF TIMS
Allied Aviators Dropius
Upon German Concentra
WITHDRAWAL TO NORTH
British Carried Out Small Op
erations In Flanders And
Picardy Last Night
By Joan Da Gandt
(United Press staff correspondent)
fans, July 23. (4.30 p. m.) Allied
aviators have set fire to Fere-En-Tar-denois
and Ftsmjs, the points of enemy
concentration within the Soissons-
Allied Forces Are Attacking
i Fiercely And British
London, July 23. (4:20 p. m)
French and American trops have re
sumed the initiative between the Ourcq
and Soissons and are attacking fierce
ly along the entire front (about 15
miles), it was learned from an authori
tative source this afternoon.
British troops captured Petitscliamps
wood n.r Marfan (between the
Marne and Rheims,) taking some pris
oners and guns.
BURNING VILLAGES '
LIGHT RETREAT OF
Sky Is Lighted By Blaze of
Villages And Exploding
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press ataff correspondent)
With the iFron.'h Armies in the Field
July 23 (2 a. m.) The Gorman re
treat northward fioni the Marne is be
ing carried out tonight by the light of
burning villages the torches of Prus
The sky is illuminated from horiziin
to horizon by blazing towns and am
munition dumps, as the enemy contin
ues his retirement toward tho Vesle riv
er. Allied aviators report great conges
tion on the roads below Bazoches on
the Vesle, two and a haii' miles west
of Fisnies and 15 miles north of the
Rome, July 23. Italian forces in Al
bania continue to advance, the war of
fice reported today.
All tUO JLTOVUIL DCUU, UVI IU VL OOlftfir
r.i:.. .... j i j-u - . 'Aiarne.i
f Ma i'-S o Germans are fighting a heavy
French troops occupied the ,egft bank -CK Mt-
French and Americans advancing north
!of Chateau-Thierry and the French,
Food Supply And Shipping
Faculties Have Been
London, July 23, Herbert Hoover,
I'nit.'d States foo( administrator, told
the allied forces hie, that the corner
of food productions ftnd supply has been
turned. There is no longer anything to
fear from the German U-boats he de-
ciaiv.u. in his adieess, delivered at a
luncheon at the mansion- house, he said:
''The submarine 'menace no longer
threatcus the food supply. We have
turned the corner at last.
"During the last 12 months, tho Un
ited States has exported ten million tons
of foodstuffs to the allies. During the
next 12 months with less pleasure, we
can export 21,000,000 tons, including
3,000,000 from Canada.
"We have built enough ships to hand
le food for the sol tiers. ,
"The .United States pork output alone
will supply meat for the allies
"lu contrast to this, hunger is the
dominating fact with the .einy.
They have been unable to produce the
food they need. Starvation rings in the
weds of the so-called 'German victory.'
"These conquered people are being
slowly but surely starved. Their losa of
lives through nialuutiition and stalling
Until Hip iii'Tf hnrvikgi. Ttmlml.K' will U1
larger than all the-casualties
Italian advance posts repulsed sev
eral hostile attacks, capturing prison
ers and machine guns at Kuci bridge.
"At Corno Di Cavento Friday we
Hi.-,-. ..... . - . . uttptuifu tt minimum Ku'i tinu cikui,
ITtr 2 SLM ;""- 6-s, as well. J abundant ma-
ware dropped on the two cities.
The allies are t.till progressing at
several points on the front and the
Germans continue to withdraw toward
tlis Velse. .
The operation north of Montdidler
tbfs morning is regarded as an effort to
improve the French positions in that
Washington, July 23. French avia
tors last night dropped 100,000 pounus
of explosive upon enemy communica
tion linw, cantonments and bivouacs
in the valley of the Vesle, French ca
bles stated today.
Enemy concentrations on the Andre
were heavily bombed while stations at
Laou, Fisinea and Berry-Au-Bac were
aainagea. rereun-Taraenois, reported
nil) -a with troops, was heavily bombed
sever"! explosions and an immense firs
moulting. Active German batteries In
tho region of Couimout Eoncheres and
neaby points were silenced.
Fijaich aviators brought down nine
enemy planes yesterday.
Along the Piave we recovered much
bridging material which the enemy had
' ' in tho Tonale area at Vallarda, on
Italiaus and British advancing north
of the Marne and 'bet-ween the river
Communications below Bazoches aro
difficult, even under normal condi
tions as they consist mostly, of winding
by-roads. Their disrepair is greater
through having been fought over so
recently, Bombing plane and long
WIRE LINES IN
WITH END OFJULY
President Wilson Today Sign
ed Executive Order Ef
fective July 31
WAR WORK WILL BE
SPEEDED BY CONTROL
Strike of Telegraph Oper
ators Has Been Eliminat
ed By Action
Washington, Julv 23. The nation's
communication lines will go under gov
ernment control July 31.
President Wilson today signed an ex
ecutive order providing for federal wire
operation under the Asw.ell resolution
Postmaster General Burleson will su
pervise the work, with David J. Lewis
of the Tli government's purpose in seizing
the lutes of communication are mam
Hoover read th following message fold.. Cabinet officers pointed out that
from President Wilson. I auch action was essential to protect
lue American people will gladly and j government secrets, and pnvato infer
willingly make any sacrifice in their mation valuablo to the enemy being dis
consumption and production of food-' tributcd broadcast.' It was also con-
stuffs to maintain the healthy comfort ' siilered vital for the need of maintain
and the courage df tlvj allied peoples, ing uninterrup',ed communication chan-
e aie m ract eating at a common tublc ncls and eliminating the danger of
Wtnr: : ZZZ: canon are adding to the boches
--..'ft ft " ,
London, July 23 French forces open
ed an attaci on a mile front, north
west of Moutdldier at 8:15 this morn
iag. capturing the villages of Aubvil
iora and SJiivil'ei-s-Mongival and the
creat at Mailly-Raineval.
(This atack apparently is the same
as that described in the Paris commu
nique, as the French war ofiice men
tioned the capture of these towns.)
By Webb Miller
(United Press staff correspondent)
I'aris. July 2-!. (10:15 a. m,) Oul-
hy lj;'- 'liateau, the i(iimiiKlting point
on the line between- Suissons and I'ha-t;'att-Thier;y.
is rej.ortul to have been
"npiured by the. a'lies this morning.
AdditroMa'. important wains are sai'l
to have been ih.tI in the SoUsons ro-
ion. General M:r:i!;in is tightening his
frrip on JjO'ite De I'aris which com
Jnaruls the city of Soissons.
The German' are fighting desperate
ly to prevent the allies -trapping them
5n tho Kheims-Hoit-sons pocket. The
best- iproof of th.'lr plight is that they
r;e hurlin divbions into the fight
There have been Boveral conflagrations
in the Geneova valley.
"In the Brenta transport of enemy
troops has -been dispersed. Hostile pa
trols have been driven back at MontO
Vies and Mori and in the region of
Asolona. ' '
Vienna, July 23. via London. Em
peor Karl has accepted the resignation
of Austrian Pretnier Von Seydler, it
was officially annouaed today.
(Count- Czeruin, former Austro-Hun-
garian foreign minister, is confidently
expected to smcccel Von Seydler )
FOR CSHIIC BLOW
OF ClOl PRINCE
Rupprecht Ready To Strike
But Plans Have Been
. Muddled by Allies
(Continued on page three)
It is eslablished that the Germans
already have used sixty divisions (720,
The number of prisoners is steadily
inceasUig. When they are nil counted
it probably will be found that one ar
my alone has captured nearly as many
as the total of the present official
(Tli'e latest officihl statement, re
yarding prisoners was made in Sun
day's Paris communique, when it was
announced that more than 20,000 had
been taken, and more than 400 guns
Eazix'hes is one of the mtfst import
ant railway and highway centers i"
this region. It is the junction of the
railways running from Soissons and
Cult hv-Le-( 'bateau to Fisnies.
Present at the luncheon were
controllers of England, France,
R'lgium and other countries.
Too Easy To
THRILLING TALES OF
YANKEE DASH AND
DARING IN BATTLE
Correspondent Ferguson With The American Army Tells
How Brigadier General Led His Men "Over The Top
Men Marched and Fought For Thirty-Six Hours With
out Food or WaterEngineers Take Part in Fighting
German-American Took His Own Brother Prisoner.
By Fred S. Ferguson. ,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Armies In Franca
July 23. Despite stiffening resistance,
th.-j allied H'!v:niefc continues geneiaily
iu tho Soissoi.3 Titiems salient.
American fiert are pushing forward
On the f". e trout between .-'I
!es and F.t'.u -St. Germain, north of Cha
t.iau Thierry. - ( icncd and Americans
arc making s:mie p-.egrcss farther cut
ward, north of the Marne. French, Brit
is and Italians are advancing slowly on
wide sectors between the Marne and
hhienis. Between Oulchy Le Chateau
au t Soissons, the Germans are making a
des:iernte stand and the fighting, fol
lowing unsucci csf ul counter attacks has
temporarily lesoncd itself into an ar
tillery duel as I his is cabled.
As I went iin.ciig the officers and
ni"ii fresh from hp fight early today.
I heard som. of tho most thrilling ;,t
b j of the war. , .
A certain brigadio. g.eneraj persoiiii'ly
ld hif men in a ciuige, going over th.
top wit1. f.tn v.'iivo of infanrry ;
One unit fought 36 hours without wa
ter because of lack of transportation.
Quantities of canned tomatoes wera hui
m d !'p. The men orened the tins with
their bnyoiiets and quenched their thirst -,
with canned tomatoes.
Tlw same unit arrived at tho front
line ju't five minutes before time set
for the attack on the morning of the
18th. They had marched a double quick
through mil's of woods and roads that
were ahkle deep in mud to get there.
When the advance was ordered they
outstrip pea the units on cither side of
At tho mil of the first day they
had taken 2,600 prisoners and captured
twelve batteries, including six batteries
ot77's, two of .210 's and four of .150 '
in addition to an uncounted number of
machine guns. Their prisoners included
flfi offiiers ,one of them a colonel of ar
tillery. Tho first day this unit advanced 8
kilometers (more than five and a quar1
tor miles). Tlw second day they had
totalled 13 kilometers (more than eight
and a third miles.)
Tho engineers jumped into the fighting
(Continued oa paga three)
Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 23.
Colonel Roosevelt is too deeply
interested in the war to be- a
icandi.date for governor of Xew
York. He gave out this infor
mation today in a message to
Attorney General Lewis, re
I'b'ing to Lewis' offer to with
draw from the race for the
nomination if the colonel would
food! In addition, however, the government
Italy needs vast amounts of materials for war
work, now tied up because of wasUe in
unnecessary competition between tele
phone and telegraph companies in many
nlnces. Dunlicatinc the tclenhoiua svs-
Klltl teins in nearly 1000 cities will be com
1 , , Lined under govnment control, the mmamm'mmmmmmmm
telephone wires Will be utilized in ex- Washington, July 23. Generat Per
tending telegraph service. It is the in- shing's casualty list totaling 105 today
tcntiou to materially increase tho tele- showed:
graph facilities, more equitably distrib-1 Killed In action 24; dead of wounds
ute the labors of telegraphers, vastly 3; dcado f disease 5: dead from acci-
loll flf )MW
From "Over There"
General Pershing's Official Report
Just because Mr. Hoover is in Lon
don is no sign you can take ,tht lid
off the sugar bowl.
reduce the operating expenses by com
pletely changing the present bookkeep
ing methods and as a result bring t-.i
the public increased service nt cheap
Just as the railroad administration
has eliiuiiint.'id much of the expense and
many diverse competitive agencies of
fices, advertising, etc. so will the wire
administration do away with similn cx-
(Ooatinued on page two)
dent and other causes 5; wounded se
verely 07; mnissing in action 1.
Th0 list follows:
Killed In Action
Sergeant C. L. Gilbert, Niles, Ohio
Corporals 8. P. Crib, Chicago
(i. Kolar, Chicago
H. Almmowitz. Xew York
(,'. A. Beard, St. Louis, Mo.
. K. Buchanan, Big Lake, Wash.
L. D. Chapin, Kidgeville, lnd.
It. Cni'nili,'"Knol)el,, Ark. ' . .t.
J. P. Ellis, Eldorado, Texas - ' " -.
'('. A. Hartwell, Farewell, Mo.
J. Lambert, liolyoke, Mass.
J. U. Mumlie, Tonawanda, N. Y. ' ;
J. J. Murphy, Ireland
C. A- Oufstcdahl, Bliping Grove, Minn
J. F. O'Hcrn, Locktjort, N. Y.
J." Perk I, Owattnna, Minn.
S. Chnmbnum, Brooklyn, N. Y.
J. SlioemaKer, Tyron. Mo.
F. C. Smith, Ambridge, Pa. ,
P. Smiilczynsk.i, Knst Hampton, Mass
A. L. Stanton, Waterbury, Conn.
A. Stengell, College Point, K Y.
(Continued on page six)
Wounded In Leg
i Jfi SjC
f -r Ih' c
sime kind o' war work
,-oi.ts? What's leconie o'
Irishman that wore
By William Philip Simms
(Uifited l'res staff correspondent)
With the British Annies in Frame
July 23. The situation on the British
front is one of prepared waiting. It is
an open secret that Crown Prince Kup-pre-bt's
plans were perfected weeks
ago, for a drive ajjainst the British.
Everything is nady, including great
mass.s of storm troops, huge concentra
tions of artillery of a l calibeis and
airdromes crowded with flying craft.
Rupprecht is simply waiting for tho
high command's cue which doubilessly
will depend on events on the German
, crown prince's front. It is believed'
that Hupprecht actually lias set the L
Idate several times. The last was.tim-j
ted to follow the expected 'su-cess in J"
tl,a i"'hiiii.n.'. tie hut he was toree-i to
put it off again. His group of araii'.s,
however, is slill intact, his reserves
b?ing only slightly cut down by Fred
It is absolutely certain that recent
events have so lessened the confidence
of both the army arid the folks at home
in Hindenburg and Ludeudorff, that
some dazzling stroke is urgently need
ed in the quickest pos.siible time. But
with .haiely ordinary luck the allies
henceforward should be able to give
something of their own trend to de
Undoubtedly ''there is much heavy
fighting ahead. But without going in
tr. n-'!in! fk'iires. the allies today have
! :.. ' Y.oit:ti aa tpftiiv f,f more.
troort than Geimany.
liavring a' iden's, it is merely a
question of the best way to use ojnn
TVie knisr ha over 200 divisions (2,-
lOOOlO) on the we t front, but littl"
more than a fourth of these are worthy
of th? name "shock divisions." Their
quality and quantity are now on
Th' aliies are not yet out of the
woods, but they are certainly warrant-
Paris, July 21. (Delayed by ecu
sor.) .Major Theodore Hoose-
velt, Jr., wounded Friday while
Lading his men in a charge on
a -machine gun nest southwest
of Chateau-Thierry, probably
will bj disabled a couple of if
He was shot twice through
the left leg, near the knee and
iwa-i brought to Paris. Follow
ing an operation, ho waa taken
to his home here and is being
nursed by his wife.
"Th wounds are nothing
, the main thing is my men
fonght wonderfully, " he told
the Unittd Pi ess. ''I'll be back
in the, fight shortly."
Young Uoosevelt inquired eag
erly regarding news of his
ibroihcr Qiicntin nd the pro
gress of the fighting- (At this
time the death of Lieutenant
Q'.ientin Roosevelt hud not been
WHERE FRENCH AND AMERICANS HAVE CHECKED
GERMANS AND ARE WINNING BACK LOST GROUND
M H M H -
GENERAL FOCH IS
MOVING SLOWLY TO
AVOID GERMAN TRAP
Gradually Forcing Enemy To
Retreat Northward From
-.4.' ft t ' yi'HUIb
oal-;ei in brenthmg easier. 1 ne uriiisn are
1 rv ken and certainly are ready.
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press War Expert)
Xew York, July 23. General Foch
is still conducting his attacks along
the Aisne Marne salient warily giving
the I Von Hindenburg no chance to catch the
Franco-American troops in a position
where they might be trapped by a sud
den and recklesk cxp.-nditcre of Ge-
R y ,,(" '
T , ''?'a r" 4v )
W ..rf!- - ';-
l' - ' f r- I ,
f- wwvi V! -.L
j f tiirr-a -a.r-gii-r'TJ-Tii finiTiM I T M Tjt
ii 1 1 1 wni mmmmm iwh-mh'k.:-'
, . - -" 1 If
4 j 2Vh , r-tt
- . - , . . V".'1VJ,. "- , iJ'T M
r v. i hi if ti 1 1 x
' jyo' IK. . i .a..
r j rwii.H jW -m. .-
.r.L-" - , -r
'Wir;Z;i ffiANCO-ITAUANS IV
m w i .iu'
. . V .
(Ifirmj ncrr-iiiii ilWfcs
TOWNS BETAKEN r-W' MKm. '"tt. 1
BY AMERICANS 1 i)
FRENCH BECAPTUAE I ':
LOST V1UA&ES I ""t
IOST VILLAGES I
iw - .! ... . im
- Pi 9
AOW IN PH06MSi
(C)utinnacl on page us.)
With a brilliancy and snap that has not been surpassed in the war, the French and American troops are
counter attacking along the Marne in the Chateau-Thierry and Domans region and have already won back
the villages of Fossoy, Crezancy, St. Agnan and La Chapelle, occupying the hills immediately north of them,
which dominate that part of the vallep of the Marne. Or., the whole, the Allies' lines were maintained intact thru
cut the battle front or were materially advanced. Chateau-Thierry was taken Mondap.