TODAY0 4,600 SUBSCRIBERS 23,000 EEADEES) DAILY Only Circulation in Salem Guar nted by tat Abdit Burma of Circulations . FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LEY KEWS SEEVIOE Oregcia. Tonight and Wednesday fair; gentle west r!y winds. Jfrfi " FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 173. SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1918. PRICE TWO CENTS OK TRAINS AND KEWS ETANDS ITVB CENT oil?' ' ; n-t 1LIE8 GAINING SLOWLY ALONG UNE WITH ENEMY RESISTANCE STRONGER HOOVER DECLARES . FOOD CRISIS PAST FIRES HIPFRIHWHERICAN HE m m unu ACK OF TIMS Allied Aviators Dropius Upon German Concentra tion Points GERMANS CONTINUE WITHDRAWAL TO NORTH British Carried Out Small Op erations In Flanders And Picardy Last Night By Joan Da Gandt (United Press staff correspondent) fans, July 23. (4.30 p. m.) Allied aviators have set fire to Fere-En-Tar-denois and Ftsmjs, the points of enemy concentration within the Soissons- neims salient. ATTACK RESUMED T Allied Forces Are Attacking i Fiercely And British Advance London, July 23. (4:20 p. m) French and American trops have re sumed the initiative between the Ourcq and Soissons and are attacking fierce ly along the entire front (about 15 miles), it was learned from an authori tative source this afternoon. British troops captured Petitscliamps wood n.r Marfan (between the Marne and Rheims,) taking some pris oners and guns. BURNING VILLAGES ' LIGHT RETREAT OF DEFEATED CERMANS Sky Is Lighted By Blaze of Villages And Exploding Ammunition Dumps. By Lowell Mellett (United Press ataff correspondent) With the iFron.'h Armies in the Field July 23 (2 a. m.) The Gorman re treat northward fioni the Marne is be ing carried out tonight by the light of burning villages the torches of Prus sian militarism. The sky is illuminated from horiziin to horizon by blazing towns and am munition dumps, as the enemy contin ues his retirement toward tho Vesle riv er. Allied aviators report great conges tion on the roads below Bazoches on the Vesle, two and a haii' miles west of Fisnies and 15 miles north of the Italians Advancing Rome, July 23. Italian forces in Al bania continue to advance, the war of fice reported today. All tUO JLTOVUIL DCUU, UVI IU VL OOlftfir r.i:.. .... j i j-u - . 'Aiarne.i f Ma i'-S o Germans are fighting a heavy French troops occupied the ,egft bank -CK Mt- French and Americans advancing north !of Chateau-Thierry and the French, Food Supply And Shipping Faculties Have Been Largely Increased London, July 23, Herbert Hoover, I'nit.'d States foo( administrator, told the allied forces hie, that the corner of food productions ftnd supply has been turned. There is no longer anything to fear from the German U-boats he de- ciaiv.u. in his adieess, delivered at a luncheon at the mansion- house, he said: ''The submarine 'menace no longer threatcus the food supply. We have turned the corner at last. "During the last 12 months, tho Un ited States has exported ten million tons of foodstuffs to the allies. During the next 12 months with less pleasure, we can export 21,000,000 tons, including 3,000,000 from Canada. "We have built enough ships to hand le food for the sol tiers. , "The .United States pork output alone will supply meat for the allies "lu contrast to this, hunger is the dominating fact with the .einy. They have been unable to produce the food they need. Starvation rings in the weds of the so-called 'German victory.' "These conquered people are being slowly but surely starved. Their losa of lives through nialuutiition and stalling Until Hip iii'Tf hnrvikgi. Ttmlml.K' will U1 larger than all the-casualties Italian advance posts repulsed sev eral hostile attacks, capturing prison ers and machine guns at Kuci bridge. "At Corno Di Cavento Friday we Hi.-,-. ..... . - . . uttptuifu tt minimum Ku'i tinu cikui, ITtr 2 SLM ;""- 6-s, as well. J abundant ma- terial. ware dropped on the two cities. The allies are t.till progressing at several points on the front and the Germans continue to withdraw toward tlis Velse. . The operation north of Montdidler tbfs morning is regarded as an effort to improve the French positions in that region. , Washington, July 23. French avia tors last night dropped 100,000 pounus of explosive upon enemy communica tion linw, cantonments and bivouacs in the valley of the Vesle, French ca bles stated today. Enemy concentrations on the Andre were heavily bombed while stations at Laou, Fisinea and Berry-Au-Bac were aainagea. rereun-Taraenois, reported nil) -a with troops, was heavily bombed sever"! explosions and an immense firs moulting. Active German batteries In tho region of Couimout Eoncheres and neaby points were silenced. Fijaich aviators brought down nine enemy planes yesterday. Along the Piave we recovered much bridging material which the enemy had nliainloued. -1 ' ' in tho Tonale area at Vallarda, on Italiaus and British advancing north of the Marne and 'bet-ween the river and Rheims- Communications below Bazoches aro difficult, even under normal condi tions as they consist mostly, of winding by-roads. Their disrepair is greater through having been fought over so recently, Bombing plane and long WIRE LINES IN FEDERAL CONTROL WITH END OFJULY President Wilson Today Sign ed Executive Order Ef fective July 31 WAR WORK WILL BE SPEEDED BY CONTROL Strike of Telegraph Oper ators Has Been Eliminat ed By Action Washington, Julv 23. The nation's communication lines will go under gov ernment control July 31. President Wilson today signed an ex ecutive order providing for federal wire operation under the Asw.ell resolution Postmaster General Burleson will su pervise the work, with David J. Lewis as director. of the Tli government's purpose in seizing the lutes of communication are mam west front." Hoover read th following message fold.. Cabinet officers pointed out that from President Wilson. I auch action was essential to protect lue American people will gladly and j government secrets, and pnvato infer willingly make any sacrifice in their mation valuablo to the enemy being dis consumption and production of food-' tributcd broadcast.' It was also con- stuffs to maintain the healthy comfort ' siilered vital for the need of maintain and the courage df tlvj allied peoples, ing uninterrup',ed communication chan- e aie m ract eating at a common tublc ncls and eliminating the danger of strikes. Wtnr: : ZZZ: canon are adding to the boches --..'ft ft " , London, July 23 French forces open ed an attaci on a mile front, north west of Moutdldier at 8:15 this morn iag. capturing the villages of Aubvil iora and SJiivil'ei-s-Mongival and the creat at Mailly-Raineval. (This atack apparently is the same as that described in the Paris commu nique, as the French war ofiice men tioned the capture of these towns.) By Webb Miller (United Press staff correspondent) I'aris. July 2-!. (10:15 a. m,) Oul- hy lj;'- 'liateau, the i(iimiiKlting point on the line between- Suissons and I'ha-t;'att-Thier;y. is rej.ortul to have been "npiured by the. a'lies this morning. AdditroMa'. important wains are sai'l to have been ih.tI in the SoUsons ro- ion. General M:r:i!;in is tightening his frrip on JjO'ite De I'aris which com Jnaruls the city of Soissons. The German' are fighting desperate ly to prevent the allies -trapping them 5n tho Kheims-Hoit-sons pocket. The best- iproof of th.'lr plight is that they r;e hurlin divbions into the fight There have been Boveral conflagrations in the Geneova valley. "In the Brenta transport of enemy troops has -been dispersed. Hostile pa trols have been driven back at MontO Vies and Mori and in the region of Asolona. ' ' Bosignation Accepted Vienna, July 23. via London. Em peor Karl has accepted the resignation of Austrian Pretnier Von Seydler, it was officially annouaed today. (Count- Czeruin, former Austro-Hun- garian foreign minister, is confidently expected to smcccel Von Seydler ) BRITISH PREPARED FOR CSHIIC BLOW OF ClOl PRINCE Rupprecht Ready To Strike But Plans Have Been . Muddled by Allies (Continued on page three) ABE MARTIN troubles there, It is eslablished that the Germans already have used sixty divisions (720, 000 men.) The number of prisoners is steadily inceasUig. When they are nil counted it probably will be found that one ar my alone has captured nearly as many as the total of the present official estimates. (Tli'e latest officihl statement, re yarding prisoners was made in Sun day's Paris communique, when it was announced that more than 20,000 had been taken, and more than 400 guns captured.) Eazix'hes is one of the mtfst import ant railway and highway centers i" this region. It is the junction of the railways running from Soissons and Cult hv-Le-( 'bateau to Fisnies. with them." Present at the luncheon were controllers of England, France, R'lgium and other countries. Colonel Roosevelt Too Easy To THRILLING TALES OF YANKEE DASH AND DARING IN BATTLE Correspondent Ferguson With The American Army Tells How Brigadier General Led His Men "Over The Top Men Marched and Fought For Thirty-Six Hours With out Food or WaterEngineers Take Part in Fighting German-American Took His Own Brother Prisoner. By Fred S. Ferguson. , (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With The American Armies In Franca July 23. Despite stiffening resistance, th.-j allied H'!v:niefc continues geneiaily iu tho Soissoi.3 Titiems salient. American fiert are pushing forward On the f". e trout between .-'I !es and F.t'.u -St. Germain, north of Cha t.iau Thierry. - ( icncd and Americans arc making s:mie p-.egrcss farther cut ward, north of the Marne. French, Brit is and Italians are advancing slowly on wide sectors between the Marne and hhienis. Between Oulchy Le Chateau au t Soissons, the Germans are making a des:iernte stand and the fighting, fol lowing unsucci csf ul counter attacks has temporarily lesoncd itself into an ar tillery duel as I his is cabled. As I went iin.ciig the officers and ni"ii fresh from hp fight early today. I heard som. of tho most thrilling ;,t b j of the war. , . A certain brigadio. g.eneraj persoiiii'ly ld hif men in a ciuige, going over th. top wit1. f.tn v.'iivo of infanrry ; One unit fought 36 hours without wa ter because of lack of transportation. Quantities of canned tomatoes wera hui m d !'p. The men orened the tins with their bnyoiiets and quenched their thirst -, with canned tomatoes. Tlw same unit arrived at tho front line ju't five minutes before time set for the attack on the morning of the 18th. They had marched a double quick through mil's of woods and roads that were ahkle deep in mud to get there. When the advance was ordered they outstrip pea the units on cither side of ihein. At tho mil of the first day they had taken 2,600 prisoners and captured twelve batteries, including six batteries ot77's, two of .210 's and four of .150 ' in addition to an uncounted number of machine guns. Their prisoners included flfi offiiers ,one of them a colonel of ar tillery. Tho first day this unit advanced 8 kilometers (more than five and a quar1 tor miles). Tlw second day they had totalled 13 kilometers (more than eight and a third miles.) Tho engineers jumped into the fighting (Continued oa paga three) Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 23. Colonel Roosevelt is too deeply interested in the war to be- a icandi.date for governor of Xew York. He gave out this infor mation today in a message to Attorney General Lewis, re I'b'ing to Lewis' offer to with draw from the race for the nomination if the colonel would run, sic food! In addition, however, the government Italy needs vast amounts of materials for war work, now tied up because of wasUe in unnecessary competition between tele phone and telegraph companies in many nlnces. Dunlicatinc the tclenhoiua svs- Klltl teins in nearly 1000 cities will be com 1 , , Lined under govnment control, the mmamm'mmmmmmmm telephone wires Will be utilized in ex- Washington, July 23. Generat Per tending telegraph service. It is the in- shing's casualty list totaling 105 today tcntiou to materially increase tho tele- showed: graph facilities, more equitably distrib-1 Killed In action 24; dead of wounds ute the labors of telegraphers, vastly 3; dcado f disease 5: dead from acci- loll flf )MW From "Over There" General Pershing's Official Report Just because Mr. Hoover is in Lon don is no sign you can take ,tht lid off the sugar bowl. reduce the operating expenses by com pletely changing the present bookkeep ing methods and as a result bring t-.i the public increased service nt cheap er rates. Just as the railroad administration has eliiuiiint.'id much of the expense and many diverse competitive agencies of fices, advertising, etc. so will the wire administration do away with similn cx- (Ooatinued on page two) dent and other causes 5; wounded se verely 07; mnissing in action 1. Th0 list follows: Killed In Action Sergeant C. L. Gilbert, Niles, Ohio Corporals 8. P. Crib, Chicago (i. Kolar, Chicago Privates H. Almmowitz. Xew York (,'. A. Beard, St. Louis, Mo. . K. Buchanan, Big Lake, Wash. L. D. Chapin, Kidgeville, lnd. It. Cni'nili,'"Knol)el,, Ark. ' . .t. J. P. Ellis, Eldorado, Texas - ' " -. '('. A. Hartwell, Farewell, Mo. J. Lambert, liolyoke, Mass. J. U. Mumlie, Tonawanda, N. Y. ' ; J. J. Murphy, Ireland C. A- Oufstcdahl, Bliping Grove, Minn J. F. O'Hcrn, Locktjort, N. Y. J." Perk I, Owattnna, Minn. S. Chnmbnum, Brooklyn, N. Y. J. SlioemaKer, Tyron. Mo. F. C. Smith, Ambridge, Pa. , P. Smiilczynsk.i, Knst Hampton, Mass A. L. Stanton, Waterbury, Conn. A. Stengell, College Point, K Y. (Continued on page six) Major Roosevelt Wounded In Leg i Jfi SjC mm w - llai-'it f -r Ih' c the' ole ways J sime kind o' war work ,-oi.ts? What's leconie o' Irishman that wore By William Philip Simms (Uifited l'res staff correspondent) With the British Annies in Frame July 23. The situation on the British front is one of prepared waiting. It is an open secret that Crown Prince Kup-pre-bt's plans were perfected weeks ago, for a drive ajjainst the British. Everything is nady, including great mass.s of storm troops, huge concentra tions of artillery of a l calibeis and airdromes crowded with flying craft. Rupprecht is simply waiting for tho high command's cue which doubilessly will depend on events on the German , crown prince's front. It is believed' that Hupprecht actually lias set the L Idate several times. The last was.tim-j ted to follow the expected 'su-cess in J" tl,a i"'hiiii.n.'. tie hut he was toree-i to put it off again. His group of araii'.s, however, is slill intact, his reserves b?ing only slightly cut down by Fred rich"wi!he!m's demands. It is absolutely certain that recent events have so lessened the confidence of both the army arid the folks at home in Hindenburg and Ludeudorff, that some dazzling stroke is urgently need ed in the quickest pos.siible time. But with .haiely ordinary luck the allies henceforward should be able to give something of their own trend to de velopments. ' Undoubtedly ''there is much heavy fighting ahead. But without going in tr. n-'!in! fk'iires. the allies today have ! :.. ' Y.oit:ti aa tpftiiv f,f more. troort than Geimany. liavring a' iden's, it is merely a question of the best way to use ojnn TVie knisr ha over 200 divisions (2,- lOOOlO) on the we t front, but littl" more than a fourth of these are worthy of th? name "shock divisions." Their quality and quantity are now on down grade. Th' aliies are not yet out of the woods, but they are certainly warrant- Paris, July 21. (Delayed by ecu sor.) .Major Theodore Hoose- velt, Jr., wounded Friday while Lading his men in a charge on a -machine gun nest southwest of Chateau-Thierry, probably will bj disabled a couple of if -mrmths. He was shot twice through the left leg, near the knee and iwa-i brought to Paris. Follow ing an operation, ho waa taken to his home here and is being nursed by his wife. "Th wounds are nothing , the main thing is my men fonght wonderfully, " he told the Unittd Pi ess. ''I'll be back in the, fight shortly." Young Uoosevelt inquired eag erly regarding news of his ibroihcr Qiicntin nd the pro gress of the fighting- (At this time the death of Lieutenant Q'.ientin Roosevelt hud not been officially confirmed.) HHttHt4,tH.tttttttttTTHHttttHWtl WHERE FRENCH AND AMERICANS HAVE CHECKED GERMANS AND ARE WINNING BACK LOST GROUND M H M H - tt GENERAL FOCH IS MOVING SLOWLY TO AVOID GERMAN TRAP Gradually Forcing Enemy To Retreat Northward From Present Line -.4.' ft t ' yi'HUIb Aw it- v. i oal-;ei in brenthmg easier. 1 ne uriiisn are 1 rv ken and certainly are ready. By J. W. T. Mason (United Press War Expert) Xew York, July 23. General Foch is still conducting his attacks along the Aisne Marne salient warily giving the I Von Hindenburg no chance to catch the Franco-American troops in a position where they might be trapped by a sud den and recklesk cxp.-nditcre of Ge- R y ,,(" ' T , ''?'a r" 4v ) r.-z'f-SnV'r W ..rf!- - ';- PJ- l' - ' f r- I , f- wwvi V! -.L j f tiirr-a -a.r-gii-r'TJ-Tii finiTiM I T M Tjt lPS ii 1 1 1 wni mmmmm iwh-mh'k.:-' liigwwuw' "Bar , . - -" 1 If 1 4 j 2Vh , r-tt - . - , . . V".'1VJ,. "- , iJ'T M r v. i hi if ti 1 1 x torn ' jyo' IK. . i .a.. r j rwii.H jW -m. .- y-- Manors .r.L-" - , -r mi 'Wir;Z;i ffiANCO-ITAUANS IV m w i .iu' . . V . JL Urn ilWBVW'fW (Ifirmj ncrr-iiiii ilWfcs awe TOWNS BETAKEN r-W' MKm. '"tt. 1 BY AMERICANS 1 i) 1 FRENCH BECAPTUAE I ': LOST V1UA&ES I ""t IOST VILLAGES I iw - .! ... . im - Pi 9 AOW IN PH06MSi (C)utinnacl on page us.) With a brilliancy and snap that has not been surpassed in the war, the French and American troops are counter attacking along the Marne in the Chateau-Thierry and Domans region and have already won back the villages of Fossoy, Crezancy, St. Agnan and La Chapelle, occupying the hills immediately north of them, which dominate that part of the vallep of the Marne. Or., the whole, the Allies' lines were maintained intact thru cut the battle front or were materially advanced. Chateau-Thierry was taken Mondap.