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tion.cntie south t,
erh- winds. fCT-
FORTY-FIRST YEAR-NO. 172.
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY,' JULY 22, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TBAIX3 AND
BTAKD8 FIVE CENTS
Advance five-Eighths of lie Honrlv at Some Places-At Cer-
tain romts Germans Resist Strongly In Order to Coyer
Retreat Northward Prisoners Are Increasing In Number
And Captured German Gias Are Turned Upon Fleeing
Army By Advancing Allies.
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The American Armies In France, July 22.-The
Americans continue to advance from the Marne and are
beyond Bezu-St. Germain, (five miles northeast of Chateau-Thierry),
as this is cabled.
In the meantime, both ends of the Soissons-Rheims
salient are being pinched in by French, American and
After crossing the Marne the Americans advanced
sometimes as fast as a kilometer (five eights of a mile) an
hour. Various headquarters were moved twice within 12
hours to maintain communication.
In. the region of Grissoles -and Bezu-St. Germain the
'Americans repulsed strong counter attacks.
(Grissoles is five milesi
The fighting is heavier on
than in the middle, northeast
he Americans are having difficulty in maintaining con
tact with the boches, owing to the rapidity of the latter's
,ju In the towns of Grissoles and Bezu-St. Germain and
in the region about them, there is heavy fighting. Artill
ery anl machine guns are aiding the infantry in the street
fighting and in clearing the wood of the enemy.
Aviators reported they were fired upon' from ma
chine guns and anti-aircraft pieces from the forest of
Epels, indicating the Germans possibly are holding their
guns for a stand there.
The weather continues perfect. .
By John De Gandt
( United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, July 22 (4:10 p. m.) Allied
force's are progressing everywhere on
the Snissons-Kheiuis salient, except on
a small front noith of Chateau-Thierry,
where the Germans have slowed down
the Franco-American advance by a
heavy rearguard action,
This desperate ttemy resistance,
"which is taking place on a front of
alHiut seven luules, south ot Uulchy-Le-!s
!hteau, is designed to cover the rB-
'liiement- of heavy German forces north
feastward toward Fere-F-n-Tardenois.
The Marne ha-s been crossed at sev-1
'ral now place iu the-region of Ver
'neiiil. Tho number of enemy prisoners
S increasing lapidiy. The German ar
'lillery fire is becoming feebler hour
!y. - ' -
A German rcvonoitering plnno crosi
Vd tho fiont lines todav and started
toward Paris, but was driven back by
an aiiiti-ntreratt 'barrage at the out
nkirts. It droiped no bombs.
nuu vuwioifg uaua I
London. Julv 22. Contrary to the
German offensives, the allied, counter j The Veslg river forms practically a
offensive, instead of .diminishing its dil'jet line between Bhelms and Sois
'progress, is grcwing in scope and pow-jsons. It flows -westward and slightly
Vr. From an apparently dimited attack ' northward through Khelnis, converging
'iit has rapidly developed iirto one of j with the Aisne about seven miles east
"the greatest battles of the war. Allied I of So'ssons. The Aisne flows on west
'troc.ps, intluiliug French, Americans, ward through Solssons. This would rep
'Italians and British are attacking on
ta front of nwre than a hundred miles,
'extending1 from .Soissoim to eastward
Tho German war office, admitting
panticipa ion of Americans in the coun
ter offensive for the first time, ap
pears highly indignant at the employ
ment cf "black.. Americans" and
"French subject peoples," Berlin
V-laims the rermlfe of nil attacks be
"'tween the Aisne and the Marne and be
tween the Marne and Rheims, where
'the allies mad? siJljstflntial gains.
Along the Marne, where thousands of
Hicrmans were slain in their retreat,
Iterlin declares the detirement was car
Vied out without interference.
Based on the official report of the
Trench war office, the allied line now
'opparently extends from Soissons, south
'eastward to the vicinity of ("hacrise,
.'southward through Ou!eby-Le-('hateau
to Rot'ourt, southeastward to Charte
Ves, oaft.wa.rrl along the north bank of
t.he Maine lto Reuil, northward to St.
'Euphraise. then.ee northward aronnd
'Rheims in a gemi-eirelc and eastward
in a comparatively, straight line to
Xiain IXi Massies.
Unofficial reports pkee the number
f enemy prisoners counted at more
than 20.0IW, with more than 400 guns
(Coatiaued on page two)
II : US BE
northwest of BezQ-St. Ger
the west side of the salient
of Chateau-Thierry, where
FIGHT IS FIERCE
01 ENTIRE LINE
SOUTH OF S01SS0NS
ii iri tj
tomans nave thrown Heavy
Keserves Into Action
Along That Sector
Germans Burn Villages
London, July 22. (4:32 p. m.) The
Gsrmans are burning villages Inside
SMssons Rheims salient and are
bc'ievsi t3 be preparing for a generafi
witaai-awal to tne veBie river line, it
ma lnamtvl ailthnrlt utivr&rr ttila flftai.
resent a retirement of twenty miles
mrth of Cnatiau-Thierry.
Lrmlon, July 22. (4:2
Fighting along the whole
5 p. in-
Soissons southward is growing in in
tensity, it was learned froni an autlior
tative source this afternoon. The Ger
mans, iu a rear guard actio.i north of
( hatrflu-Thierry. penetrated the allied
line half a mile by a fierce counter at
tack at Grissoles.
The tbattle. i particularly violent
just sae-th of Soissons, where the op
posing armies are bitterly contesting
for the possession of Bersey.
Two American divisions (55,000
men) are fighting in tho Ohatcau-Thier
ry rcgioa, while three divisions (82,
500 men) are engaged in the neighbor
hood of Soissons.
Between the Aisne and the Marne
six more German divisions (i2,000 men)
have been flung into the battle, nialt
iti'i a total of 21 divisions (252,000,
men) engaged there.
German L'ne Broken
Washtnjrton, July 22. The German
!in of communication between Sois
sins and Chateau-Thierry has been
Kt" wdeit rnoXdilient, southwest of Rheims, gaining, the territory included between the solid and dotted
' . i lines on the maa and in crossing the Marne between Chateau-Thierry and Dormans.
(Continued oa page three)
IN ALLIED AFFAIRS
Colcnel Kmschiimsky Thinks
hffort Should Be Made
In Voka District
By Joseph Shnplen
(United Press staff correspondent)
Stockholm, Juiy 'ii Intervention by
the aiiies in Russian attaint was plead
ed tor today Jay Colonel Kuisehiuiisky,
former member of the Russim general
a mi i and famous military, critiu, in a
auuuiu-ut to tue tuned PreMi. The
volga district, as ucoa ej, is ilie p'ue
i"o strike to te6iii the elimination 01
"Intervention by ;iie h1Ih would
unquestionably restore ;ha (astern
-i.u, ne declared.
"(simultaneously with, the urrivul ot
allien itroopis in bibcia must oci'iu clits
uorlc of ei (Muting a nw Russian arni.v,
which work must start with procla
mation' caning tor a .general mooiliza
tiou on the basis ot uuitKii.it scrvce
without regard to cms..
"Tho ereauon of a peoi-iio s army ia
pos'ible within a year witn toe support
'it an allied army of 7U0,Ml. rl his muvt
be preceded by the esvij ijuuiout ( t
an efiiicient and -trustw..i';hy tiomocu.l
ie imtioiial government", oivmjr a p.vo-
Julied by a Gentian named (ire-
(Continued on page bevenj
Killed By Greper
Amsterdam, July 22. Lieu
tenant Quentin Roosevelt was
per, semi-official dispatches re-
ceived here today from Berlin
stated. Two shits in the hend
brought down the son ot the fa-
mous x-piesi;lent. He was V
buried with full military honors
Twelve American and Beven
German flieis were engaged in
the battle with Lieutenant
Roosevelt. Roosevelt and Grep-
er drew out from the remainder
and engaged ia a duel in which
the greater experience of the
Oennan counted, the dispatches
Latest Map Showing Where
i - ! I. I
rr V I "
Y r J
iv j V. KvfCrctrr 1
'V 1 ' "' , I 7 SECODARV VI
l' y v"u' MMN-OEItMAN fMEMvrMRuST voultiti
T pernor. om J f','i: V
1 AMERICAN I J oZV A ""i"8 V
COUNTERATTACK f VJVv VlfTvtf -(' .
r... f.U' I AMERICANS I Vv
In their attack launched alona: a fiftv-mile battlefront
errnana Riipppprlprl in niiRrn'rur fnrward onlv on the east
The dotted line indicates the
Explosives Furnished Navy
Are In Some Instances
OPINION SAN DIEGO
WAS VICTIM OF MINE
Vessels Off Orleans, Mass.,
Were Shelled By German
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, July 22. The navy or
dinance bureau was asked by Secretary
DauieU today to investigate the appar
ent failure of bombs dropped by a sea
plane upon the U-Boat raider at Orleans,
Mass., to explode,
Secretary Daniels said his report
showed seaplanes had attacked the raid
er but there was nothing to indicate
that bombs had made a hit. He feared
they had not explode. ;
(Continued on page six.)
When friends want t' remember ;
.fiitlmc tliev irivo him a nice, bii? easy
lehair. that" mother's alius remembered
iwith a dish. What's become o' th'
! woman who used t' say, "Dear me
approximate fighting zone
German Leaders Told Men
Present Drive To Force
EFFECT OF DEFEAT TO
Hindenburg Seems To Have
able Allied Forces
By Lowell Mollett.
(United Press Staff Correspendcnt.)
With The Trench Armies In The
Field", July 21. (Night.)-" Her fuden
stunn ' is not Jet-' '
It wai under that name, "of tensive
for peace" thut the Herman comman
ders 'fid their divisions mio uumu u.
week ago, from the consequences w
which thty ait now endeavoring to ex
This word, obtained from prisoners
on all pairs of tlio long battlo line, r
vcaled the nmoitious plans -with which
tlw Germans entered the battle.
llecausu of the promise of peace thus
held out to more than fiftey divisions
(60U,f'0U men) the morale effect of the
defent is incalculable.
The material eifect. is more easily
gi.uum.cd up. l.pevnay is safer than ev
the forest tf the Mountain of
liheinn remains B impregnable barrier
-r.vti, P tin Maine: the Germans must
,f,t.,i,- Hionif.ives with tha seizuro of
Rheims if they desiro to soothe the folks
at home, theu take up new positions.
Tho net result lias beeu the loas of aj
piecinble poniong of the territory tfckei:
May 2r, and the linos of communica
tion from fcoUsons to the rear arc seri
ous'y ili Milt eaed." This much Is iv-ntain
French r.oUiois aro unwilling least
wikb as vet to call this the "second
battle of tho Marne. They prefer to
call it the battle of Rhiems Mountaiu.
.t they Mulvze the German plan and
the t.'iuvouuhness with which it vm
! shaitered, it develops that the enemy
Idid not seek to storm tne mountain uui
'sought to turn it, first by crossing till
Mane, then rp.iiilly widening their
liriduelieml. Thence, since they expect:
cl the lull's too be strongly entrenched
in the. vall'-vs f the Marne and tiv
Scin:' tr.vai',i Pans, they would turn
l ti. ii- backs o,i Ihe capital and move
Meanwhile otb.r Qcrman forcos v.
to cniiH Gei:eral Gournnd nrmy
, siec Chnlon. The two German arm if t
1 then would ... ia Khiems mouiittii.l
wouM full without a fight.
(Continued on page three).
east and west of Rheims, the
wine of the Champagne sa-
theixLadvance at latest reports
PRESS FLEEING FOE
ALONG ENTIRE LINE
Franco-American Sweep Goes
Steadily Ahead At All
3y Trel I lerguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Villi 1 tin America Armies In France
July 2i (I a. m.) The Franco-American
advance continues everywhere from
Sedans lo east of Chateau-Thierry.
C'alchy Le Chateau has been penetrat
ed, placing tlifc railwav and the main
highway from Chateau-Thierry to Fis-ui'.-s
under allied control and thus adding
tc the difficulties of the German retire
ment, from the liatne.
American and Ficnch infantry aro ac
r ss the Mai'iui in great numliers and
aro henvily reinfoicod by allied artil
'ery. whi'ili tf, oetcd the passage with
out opposition. Ficnch cavalry is oper
ating northeast of Chateau-Thierry, far
advancj of the infantry.
Ain-.icnii field guns are firing on
line ha j been straightened south of that
cirv until practically all the main high-
nay from .Voissons to Chateau-Thierry
19 in our possession. 1
Crown fiince Retreats.
the crown prince's army group is
nfl',v on the letieat everywhere notrh of
tho Marne. Tho allied line runs well
north of Chateau-Thierry and contact
has beer establ'Viied with our lines nor
thwest of that place,
In add'tion to crossing the Sois3ons-1
vnatean laierry road on a wide iront
sou: h of tin.1 foiuior city, the Amen
cans and t'l-neh are marching on th)
road i,orthW3rt of the latter. French
cavalry is scuttling ahead of tho Infant
ry seeking to koep in constant touch
witu the tetienting Germans.
Cross Marne River.
Franco-Ami lien troops crossed tho
Mane river without opposition early
Sunday, using ?o a large extent the
boots ami toot uridgeg which the Gor
man were forced to abandon in thflir
hash). Long Mnes of infantry and ar
tillery poured ncross the river all dy
and Into ihe bight. The gtiug were but
ip '.iiiiek'y and snclled the enemy's rear
South of Soissons the boches aro put
ting up a c'lsucrate resistance. Ameri
cans ami i re'ie'i aro advancing mere
acroa? alternating plat.eaus and wooded
HIT YANKS IN VAIN
American Troops Have First
Experience With Charg
By Frant; J. Taylor ,
(United Press staff correspondent
whi, n, An.erk.nn Armies in France
.Tulv 2l.-(Niullt.)-Amerwun troops t.on of German units
facing their first cavalry charge of After cleaning tho outh bank of
the war, utterly wiped out a formidable fug.tives U.mght, Amorran units tvy
force or German horsemen east of "d the Marne and coiubwl the wooda
Rl eims and defeated what apparently i on . the north bank east of thatean.
- Z ambitious attempt to cut the Th.wry, capturing great numbers of
allied lines and reach Chalons. Ho far
as is known, this is the first time tne
enemy has employed cavalry since the
counter offensive began.
Immediately afterward the siime Am
erican unit broke up a combined at
tack of infantry and tanks.
Tho Americans hold an important
sector on a slight rise, behind a chalk-
colored hill, over which were the ene
my front positions. When the derman
cavalry topped mo inn mm nwupi
lown upon the Americans, nicy run
into a unit which has a rrmarnamo
record for harp,hootiiig.
Opening up with machine guns, auto
matic .rifles and Tnfielils, tho Ameri
can nuichlv (lroui)cd men and horses.
The artillery joined in adding to the
slaughter- The cavalry dwindled until
onlv a handful remained. These gal-
lope.l back over the hill to the German
The Germans quickly reorganized for
another attack. American observers
spotted encimy -tanks crawling over the
chalk-liko hill, accompanied by infan
try in great strength.
American artillery cut loose and the
first salvo struck several tanks squaro
ly, splitting them wide open, simul
taneously, the German infantry began
mclting-away under the withering fire
of the American infantry and machine
gunners. This effort was broken up al
most as quickly as the previous one
and tho Germans made no further at
tempts in this sector.
Reinforced by French infantry, the
Americans then attacked, driving the
'bodies back beyond their original
Daring Exploits Told
Tales of American exploits are num
erous, as doughboys wander back to
the hospital's and tell of their comrades.
East of Chateau-Thierry three Amer
icans captured a German boat and row
ed across the Marne under cover of
darkncHS before the German retreat.
They hid in bushes during the day, ex
ploring the nanus and (uncovering me
,y machine guns. Then they re enter-
rayi::i-& Tho lattrr are filled with ma
chine gun ntsts. about which German
. American .ihii.b, fighting tirelessly,
are cleaniui; up these nests. The tn-.all
streamy runuiitg through some o tne
ravines are no barriers to the dough
boys. Some are so narrow the men leap
across, while others are forced to wads
with guns and packs held high above
Every sort of unit is beginning to
g,et into the light. Several hundred
mihrary policouien, supply company and
several other units normally rated as
noii-couiba tnts, as a result of the con
stant pb-a ling, were put into the line.
f Soissons und all the Aisne bridges are
under lire of tho allied . artillery.
Ifonvy movements have been observed
lowird the rear, back of the lines, in
dicating posaiblo withdrawal from the
Soi.H',0113 rvgion, similar to that at Cha
Some of the most dramatic scenes ar
enacted in this war of movement. Every
unit is working tirelessly. Trucks have
been r u lining day and night for four
days, i.ti; drivers alternating in sleep
ing on tho S' .t while the othorg drive.
Artillerymen lie down beside their guns
to snatch a few winks of sleep whilo the
pieces roa.r away almost oa top ot
t.'u in. .
It Is a commen sight to see reinforce
ments along tho roads in tho tear, tho
iiieit nsleep on the ground, using their
gas masks as pillows. Further forward
the units aro denied ven thia slight
Boys Go Without Food.
Ono machine gun unit got so far
ahead that i( received no fod for 21
hours. U sent word back and two mo
torcycles with side cars wero loaded
with rations. The drivers wens told to "
nach tho UiaU.,no gunners at any cost.
They rode ov hills pitted with shell
hol':s, ncioss f:elds and dodged among:
the boche (Kuti, but they reached the
iniic.hi'io gu. iiers.
Cigarettes ale now an important part
of tho vatio.ia. Evi
:rois',rtYiiTli3' V; M.
Everywhere tho Kou
C. Ai ttro keeping;
in touch with th) forward contlngoiltn
issuing cigarettes and ehcolute to the
Ono. r.dling kitchon was in tht field
(Continued on page two)
od the boat and ipushed their explora
tions farther. Tho boches discovered
them and opened fire. The Americans
escaping by diving overboard and
swimming half the time undor the sur
face. The next, night they led a strougi pa-
tnu ot tneir pais across ana exienuea
l'"lble information concerning tho dispa-
! Pim. uiwo in a wnue way encoua;
tered boches who refused to surrender
immediately. The Oermanj didn't get
An instance of great bravery occur
red when an exploding ishell buried
doughboy bo that only his head protrud
fd from 1,10 H' struggles to ex-
'tr'cate hunse'lf only exhausted him.
Along came a pal returning to a dress
'ing station with a dangerous head
wound. The doushboy stoiped and be
'Kiin digst" out tho buried man. Fin- '
'ally, his istrength failed him and he
fell unconscious. He recovered some-
'what and resumed hi digging.
" Vou go on and get your wound
Vlrcmed; it 's more serious than 'ny
trniiible," the buried doughboy dy
Vlared. "Some one will find mo."
The other refused to go and fell un
'ijisciims Sagaiu. His companion, by
'superhuman effort, managed to extri
Vate himself at last. Al. hough suffer
'ing from a badly wounded arm, he
'dragged hU pal back to the dressing
station. Twice on the way tney weru
'bow'ed over by exploding shells.
Regaining can sciolism after treat
ment, the two palg lay recounting their
"Eddie, 1 wonder what protected
us and brought us through alivo," said
Fumbling inide the pocket of nts
dirtv blouse, the other replied:
He pulled out a tiny, soiled Star
Wars On Germans
Washington. July 22. Hon-
duras declared war on Germany
July li. the legation announc-