Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1918)
(23,000 KEADEES) DAILY
Only Circulation ta Salem Goar
anteed by the Audit Bums at
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEW 3 SEEVIOB
. ft VliM
and Sunday fair
-iJTi If v it
FORTY-FISST YEAR NO. 170
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEW
stands five or.vrs
(aeeds ram y
t ft fr f
Oil vA M - . - v'f
j-i - g i r s ii . 'flirt ri i 14 if ii w n j fi ii i
ALLIES CONTIM THEIR
FATE OF SOISSONS NOT
Prisoners Bv Thousand Are Not Fukv Counted- Germans
Forced To Bring Dwindling Reserves Into Action-Fran-
co-American.Sweeo Goes Steadilv Forward At All Main
Points Alon? Marne Line. And American Units Make Large
Caotures. . :
The allies, while continuing their advance -between
the Aisne and the Marne, are now attacking along the
whole Marne river front, in order to remove the most ser
ious present obstacle to reduction of the whole Soissons
Rheims salient. -
The Franco-American offensive south of Soissons
nowhere has been unable to maintain its initial speed,
owing to the tens of thousands of German reserves'
thrown against them. . '
. The situation regarding Soissons itself appeared to
be in doubt today. The Paris communique did not claim
its capture, but both French and British officials gave
out statements in Washington late yesterday, stating that
it had fallen. Battle front dispatches received early yes
terday described the destruction of ammunition and sup
plies in the city, preparatory to its evacuation.
The entire front from Soissons south of Chateau
1 hierry apparently is in an almost constant state of flux,
ine French war office today again announced the cap
ture of icyLicy-Clignon, which the Americans first took in
xheir rush Thursday. The war office also announced that
the allies had "reached" Vierzy.
Announcements the- caDtttre of this frown" woo mAa
yesterday, both by staff correspondents and by the allied
The assault south of the Marne is designed to throw
the last of the Germans on the south bank, across the
Whatever else may be done in regard to indemnities
when peace terms are made the Germans should be made
to pay for every ship they sunk by submarines, and
double price for every cargo of foodstuffs. This on the
principle that he who does an unlawful act is responsible
tor all the consequences of that act.
By Fred S. Fsrguson
, (United Press staff correspondent)'
With the American Army Between
the Aisne and the Mame, July 20
2 p. m.) Bitter lighting is under
"ay on the entire offensive front
German rl-sistonce Is stiffening and
some towns have changed hands two or
, Americans and French have advanc
ed in the Mame region, throwing the
boches back toward the river. To the
northward, U ft rccst fighting is cen
tering on the line ecu! h of Soissons.
An advance of three kilometes (a mils
and thm quarters) has been made
south of the Marne.
One American unit, fighting south
w. of Soissons, captured 91 officers
and 2798 men. Another captured 31 of
ficers and 2229 men. Three Americans
captured a oclonsi, two majors and six
ty men, trappinj them in a dugout.
SITUATION 18 IMPROVED
By Webb Miller
Paris, July 20 ( ll:2.r) a. m.) The
IMPOR TANT HIGHWA Y
IS PRIZE FOR WHICH
ARMIES ARE GRAPPLING
Germans Are Rushing Huge
Forces of Efon to Block
Allied Drive .
By Fran. J. Taylor
: With the Americans Between the
Aisne and the Marne. July 19. (10:15
p. m.) The Fiaueo-Aniericnn offens
ive is developing into a desperate bat-
Tie fcr pnsjes.noa of the all-important
niKnway rrom swissons
to Cha'cau- i
we unci nun aireauy nave cross-1
hi luu rran, eei-n-rraiiy rTem-n cavatrr.
The Gennaiw have been strongly rein-
ti rcoil by reserve division The e;e -
ment of surprue long s.nce was lost to
he French and Americans. The Tight-
iig is now, man to man and gun t-j
g; ii. .
The batti h particularly &angutn-
f v -uth nf S.iissons, where it is ra-
inj through villages, woods and f ielas
Franco-American sweep between the
Aisne and the Marne has greatly im
proved the general war situation.
Tho Germans are pouring in their
reserves, which liiail been held back,
for the supreme effort.
Half the campaigning season of the
year has passed. The threat toward
Fpernay has been. warded off. Villers
C'atterets forest has been cleared of
tho enemy. The- German divisions
south of the Marne are in a perilous
position. The- most important phase,
'iow-ever, is ithat the allies have taken
During the last 30 hours, the Gcr"
mans are reported to have brought up
96,000 of their precious reserves, hi
the same period the French and Am
ericaus have" captured more than a
thousand machine guns.
The back wash from the battle on
The Amerban front is flowing into
American Red Cross hospitals are
filling up as eases which can be trans-
(Continued on page three)
of grain. One American brigade cap
tured more than 2800 iboehes in this
The Germans are at.temi'ting to rush
in artillery, men and supplies along
the whole front, under terrible shell
tire concentrated on their lines of
communication by the allied guns.
At the south end of the battle line
American units, in conjunction with
the (French advanced northwest of
t'katcau-Tliiiarry, capturing (deleted).
Latest raports declared the fighting
was increasing m intensity east of
... V.U.1. tu: 1 .1
. - 7 V . . ' , i.
i ' 1 - ?
are helping to hold
'ba - k the
waning efforts of the Ger-
' , to h ahead. k,f(,u;.n fo tUe
, , . ., .... ,
!a eit a,lvite8 tne fating there is
jnow purely local in character.
in character, on a
; s ale hardly
larger than raiding. The
(Continued on page three)
FRENCH FIGHT IN
NEAR CITY'S CENTER
Latest Reports Are That Main
City Still Held By Ger
By John De Gandt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, July 20. French and Ameri
can troops are nearing the highway
from Chateau-Thierry to Rheims, in
actions between I'o&ray and Oeuilly.
it is iirent they will soon render
Chatillon-Sur-Marno untenable and
force the Germans to recross the fiver.
(The main road from Chateau-Thierry
to Rheims runs eastward along the
south ibank of the Marne to Dornians,
thence crosses the river and extends
northwestward to Rheims.)
Between the Aisne and the Marne
the capture of Neuilly-St. Front ser
iously threatens- the enemy hold on
Oulchy-Le-Chateau (eight mrjes east
wawjd). Despite furious fighting, the French
are clinging to the suburbs of Soissons,
lesg than tvo kilometers (a mile and a
quarter) from the city proper.
FACE jF ATTACK
French And Americans Press
On Heels of Retiring In
By Lowell Meilett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the French Armies in the
Field, July 20. The Germans, retreat
ing before the Franco-American attack
south of the Maine, are retiring uoith
ward across the river.
Tho Fench and Americans, after
fighting defensively south of the
Marne, today attacked on tho fifteen
ntile front from Fossoy eastward to
Oeuilly. Early reports doclared the al
lies were driving the Germans toward
the river. Tins latest dispatch shows
ine assault lias been Wholly successful
and that the enemy is in retreat.
The retreat was forced primarily be
cause ot the. cutting of the German
communications between th'j Aisne and
the Marne by the American and French
operations on the western flank of the
v o.i Hindenburg has been unable to
risk the envelopment of his troops in
the southern end of Hie pocket border
ing the Marne and consequently is or
dering a retirement before the increas
ed Franco-American pressure.
BRITISH .SHELL GEEMANS
By William Philip Simms
With the British Armies in France,
July 20. While the titanic struggle
is thundering back and' forth to the
southward, British artillery from the
Mame valley northward is giving the
The crown princes of Prussia and'
Bavaria are having a very thin time,
showing tho allied armies are slowly
but surely increasing their punch and
in places their initiative. Throughout
the Annentienes salient and elsewhere
Haig'e guns keep piTunding away, ha
rassing the enemy along the roads.sup
port trenches and reserve positions, as
well as far behind the lines in rest bil
lets and concentration centers.
Every time Crown Prince Rupprecht
rep'aces a tired division with one om
pasatively fresh, liikish high explos
ive shells harry the moving troops.
Prisoners confess the Germans are far
from hajipy. Gradually the truth is
percolating through the army and the
German so'diers are becoming some
what downcast at Von Hindenburg's
failure to make good his promise on
I the eve of the .March drive that thev
vtuiuu won. reaca runs, xnus irrcing
II . l r xl -
tho troops to enjoy a teutonic peace
around their hearthside.
X woody hero considers the Germans
beaten. They mav throw everything in
to the mtrtt desperate battle of all
when, like cornered rats, they attempt
(Continued on page six)
BiHy Barker, Idle Rich
Mast Serve Jail Terra
Portland, Or., July 20. Wil
liam (Billy) Parker, heir to big
timber holdings, debated today
whether to go to work or
ensure another hearing in mu
.Baker was arrested under the
idler ordiuance and sentenced,
to four ntoniths in jail. He ap
pealed and is. at liberty on
bond, lie can go to work at
oni or fiee another arrest as
Rejected For Service
Tacoiina, Wash., July 20 Transfer
red Ito the dejKt brigade as physically
unfit "for service in France, Private
Ernest MelFarlane, aged 28, committed
suicide by throwing himself in front
of" a heavy truck at Camp Lewis. Anx
ious to fight and despondent because
denied the privilege of doing battle
with tthe Germans, caused the man's
act, officers at camp said today.
McFarlane was drawn from Salt
Lake, Utah, where his mother, Mrs.
Emma McFarlane, reside at 2S59 Staite
Ends At Cleveland
Clik-eiaiid. Ohio, July 20. League
Park, home of the Cleveland Indians
baseball club, will be closed tomorrow.
' After Sunitoy a double header with
Philadelphia we will close the ball
park, .permitting our players to com-
ply with Secretary Baker's ruling,"
said a telegram received here today
from J. O. Dunn, Chicago, owner of
GENERAL ALLIED DRIVE
SEEMS NEAR AT HAND
HlnrlflnUm .t Wtnof - XfriuA
UU1UV11UU1 lUUill VII SUV
Quickly and Hard to Pre
. By Ed. L. Keen.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, July 20. Germany's lone
chance of retrieving the initiative and
renewing her offensive is to strifcooon
with full force working like lightening
Failure to do this means that Von
Hindenburg's 1918 offensive , diveams
with Paris and the coast ports as ob
jectives aie shattered.
Already the French and Americans
have begun the long movement designed
to trap the Huns located in the pocket
between Soissons and Hhiems.
Aiong the whole front tho signal in
awaited from Foch to begin the drive
against the bodies. Tommies and colo
nics on the British front arc thrusting
here and tlicro to kc,?p in trim.
The German position is growing moio
desperate each day. The passing of timi.
witnesses a constant incroafe in aii
raids on German territory. Every now
and then the allied aviators go
I farther. Talk is growing regarding tho
! possibilitis of raiding Berlin and icn-
Germany undoubtedly has several
punches Uff but the freshened allied
have the "duck and hit" game down
to a Btfieiiw.
Morning papers recalling the over-confidence
at Canibrai cautiously advise
the -public to await developments.
"it is still within Ludcndorff 's grasp
to concentrat."1 his strength for a thrust I
that will tax every lesourcc of the allied
defense." declared the Daily News,
Our phenomenal, alfalfa crop onlyj
seems t stimulate th price o smokin
t 'backer. Another feller that's takin'
advantage o' the' war is th' feller that
TEN FULL DIVISIONS
OF AMERICAN TROOPS
Chief of Staff March Gives
Out Detailed Report of
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press stafif correspondent)
Washington, July 20. The Ameri
can divisious engaged on the larger
front if the present offensive are the
First, Second, Third and Fourth regu
lars and the 20th and 28th national
guard. In addition the 42nd national
6'itard is on the light flank the Cham
pagne together with a colored regi
ment from the new 93d division..
' The 2(ith division is composed of
New England national guards and the
28th division is of Pennsylvania.
The 42nd is the Rainbow division and
the 77th is tho New York mtional ar
Official naming of the American fore
es now battling in the great offens
ive'was given by Chief of Staff March
today in his weekly conference wita
At the same time, he revealed thai
Ptho maximum penetiation of the Fran
co-Americans is ten miles, with a gen
eral pcuotration of seven miles.
Large American Frce
Nearly 170.000 actual fighting Am
ericans ore engaged in the main drive.
The last official dispatches received
at the war department today declared
the fighting was still in progress, with
the capture of guns and prisoners in
very "hopeful" numbers.
(Continued on page three)
'"',ut th s' I"9t wlien ,h Germans
can hope to reach the ultimate objec
tives of their offensive."
"Foch lias forced the enemy's hand
and has doprived him of the initiative,1'
the Mail suid. "Ludcndorff has no time
to lose, but until his forty reserve di
visions (480,000 men) are UBed up and
beaten, we must 1'Jt down our suspense."
"Tho taste of victory is so good it
will tempt the people to think tho turn
ing point has arrived," said tho Gra
phic. "Tho latest French communiquo re
ported tlv; capture of 17,000 prisoners
and 3i0 cannon in the Aisno-Marnu
drive. Opposed to this was tho Ger
man claim of more than 20,000 prisoners
It is known positively, however, that the
enemy's claims have been extravagant
throughout th' present operations.
Scotch and Australian troops, in a ml
nor operation astride Motern in Fland
ers, captured that city yesterday morn
ing, taking nearly 400 prisoners and a
great number of machine guns.
Death of Ouentin
Roosevelt Is Confirmed
Paris, Jul'; 20. Confirmation
of Licutej ant Qucntin Roone-
vclt's rlig.Hi during an aerial
ibnttle Sunday near Chateau-
Thierry was contained in a note r.
dropped by a German aviator in
tho vli'i!,tiHn camp to wiliiHi Jje
Roosevelt was atltached, the
Journal announced today.
jc )c )c ijf )c ))c ifc )(c c c sc 3c )fi
Capture of Soissons
Not Officially Correct
Washington, . July 20 Tlie
war detriment today expected
news that American and French
,ltrCM)ps have entered Soissons.
Official word received late
lycgfenky that the. city had
ibeen rendered untenable to the
Germans wag followed by dis
patches that the allies could en-
ter Soiwsons almost at will. Al
though the capture of the town
was announced in official dip
lomatic circles, these dispatch
es still lnckel war department
confirmation early today.
The situation around Soissons
id somewhat vague. Military
men here declare that the line
of fighting indiaited in the re
ports is very irregular about
(Both of tho great press es
sociatiorisytlie United Press and
tthe Associated Press, carried
.this news yesterday.)
MRS. J. B. ANDREWS DIES
Mrs. J. B. Andrews passed away at
three o'clock, Wednesday afternoon,
after an illness of several months
Funeral seiviccs at the Hopewell
church Friday afternoon at two o'clock
GENERAL FOCH IS
Is Saving Major Portion 01
Reserves To Meet Fu
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, July 20. General Foch
is not being tempted by the situation
along the Aisne-Marne salient to use
up his Tesorverf in imitation of Von
Hindenburg's anethod of ruthless
The effort of Von Hindenburg to
inveigle General Foch into a major
offensive before the allies are fully
ready is failing. The American and
French forces ibetweeu Soissons and
Chateau-Thierry are now obviously
operating under orders to move ahead
slowly and not to bo lavish in casual
ties. While the evacuation of the Aisne
Marne Balient by Von Hindenburg
would fee am admirable victory for the
allies, its accomplishment is not of
such coanmanding importance as to war
rant very heavy death toll among
the Americans and French.
General Foch, therefore, both humane
and far seeing, is now nibbling on a
large scale, rather than developing a
j major offensive, the nost essential
purpose or me present airacat aireauy
has been aticoniplished. The principal
railway between the Aisne and the
Marne and been brought under the com
mand of American nd French guns.
This ig a matter of prime importance,
because Von Hindr-niburg is now de
prived of his. chief line of wmmunica
tion for an attack from his; Aisne
Marne positions toward Paris.
The added securitj of Paris attained
by this operation is a matter of ver
largo importance because it will permit
Genoral Focn to use elscwhcra part of
his reserves held in the sector north'
west of the Marne. Von HinuVinbur,"
has undoubtedly begun to withdraw pnrt
of his own offensive strength from flu
Marne front, leaving only defensive
units there, for under tho new condi
tions he cannot count upon supplying
a Marne army with enough material
for offensive operations.
Tho capture of Neuilly- St. Fronf, an
nounced today, is probably preliminary
(Continued on page six)
From "Over There
General Pershing's Official Report
Washington, July 20. G.'.-iitral Per
shin today reported 120 casualties, di
vided as follows:
Killed in action, 10; died of wounds,
lo; dl"d of disease, 11; died of aero
plane accident, 1; died of accident and
! other causes, 1.'!; wounded severely, 37;
j degree undetermined, I; missing in ac-
1 ion, 0.
Tim list follows:
Corporals Jesse D. Gillespie, Central,
Jean Kendall, Elkville, N. C.
Bugl.r Frank L. Hubbcll, Indianapo
Privates Arthur E. Curran, Richmond,
Daniel Donohuc, Elizabeth, X. J.
David Fnunick, Wnterbury, Conn.
Henry L. Galiyzeek, Htockett, Mont.
George V, Holm, Garrison, Kan.
James T. Jnrvis, Massena Springs, N.
Morris Kcrsonsky, Philadelphia.
Anthony Moscarella, N'W York.
Domiuieo Muluiwa, New York.
Jami s F. Nungavin, Wnterbury, Conn.
Merritt R. Ravmoud, Bemliaids Bay,
'Gerrnrd fitillings, Hamilton, Ohio.
George Vallnnce, Philadelphia.
Lied of wounds:
Corporals Walter J. Behrens, Lafay
I Burdette M. Slavin, Stearns, ICy.
I Privates Phillip H. Benton, South
! Minneapolis, Minn.
i baric;) liloce, Columbus, Ohio.
John Haddock, Chanon, Mo.
Arthur Hanson, Webb City, Mo.
Scott I. Hood Basterop, La.
Arthur L. McCnmbell Madisniivillc
Jii.'icph Moriarity, Holyok,, Muss.
Ray M. Prout, Newuort, Ky.
A'.va Nelson, Slide, Grand Rapids,
Reginald W. Smith, Bethlehem, Pa.
Floyd A. Stevens, Ridgewood, N. J.
Albert Wcinrich, Brooklyn, N. Y.
SAN DIEGO SUNK:
BY A SUBMARINE
Navy Officials, However, Are
Not Yet Prepared to Make
VESSES STANDING BY
WERE NOT ATTACKED,
Small Loss of Life Is Believed
To Have Resulted From
New York, July .20. Complete casu
alties in the sinking of the cruiser Saa
Diego off the Fire Island will probably
total about 47, including both missing',
and injured, Bear Admiral Gleaves sta
ted here this afternoon... He said the
list was gtill incomplete... From other
sources it was learned that there an
probably not more than tour men un
Three men art known to have beea
Wiled by explosion when the San Die
go was sunk, the navy department an
nounced this afternoon. The men are:
Thomas E. Davis, engineman, Canton
Ohio; Frazier O. Thomas, machinist'!
mate, Charleston, W. Va,, and James T
Rochet, engineman, Blue Lake, CsX .
Washington, July 20. That Iho Uni
ted States Cruiser Ban Diego was sunk
by a torpedo is tho "belief " expressed
by tho captain of the vessel in his re
no rt to the navy department today.
A statement by the navy depart
ment says. .
"The captain of the Sau Diego reports
that he is inclined to tho belief that the
ship was sunk fey a torpedo. There are
no convincive factors,however,cn which
to base d'.'fiuite opinion at present, i
view of the following circumstances:
" Firs;,no torpedo wake was seenjsee
ond, no convinciiie evidence that a peri
scope was Sften; third, no submarine ap
peared, in spite of the fact that tlnee
unarmed rescue ships were in the vi
cinity for about two hours; fourth, the
ship wrs struck on the port side abaft
tho beam, which discourages the mine
theory; fifth, weather was fine and
Navy officials here, however, aro still
uncVMcrmincd as to the cause of the
sinking of the Sau Diego. While Cap
tain Christy of tho vessel believes a tor-
(Continued on page soven)
Jumcs O. Williams, Oklahoma City,
DL-d of disease:
Corporals Douglas Gammons, Tampa,
Harold Agntw Samson, Richmond,
Privates George A. Benson, Wcoha
ven, N. J.
(Continued on page two)
SADCLOSING OF "
LIVES OF AGED
Neglected By Children Amos
Sargent Dies-Aged Wife
In State Hispital.
In the death of Amos Sargent of 503
South Twenty First street, and the fol
lowing insanity of his wifo and her
committment to the Oregon state hos
pital, there closed a chapter of either
tho neglect of car'.ess-iess hs to the
comforts of their old parents by six
Amos Sbrgent di -1 at his homo July
3. He was found Iving on the floor
partly covered with blood and his wifa
in a 'serai-demented cordon n, not abln
to even call in the neighbors, although
the indications were that Mr. Sargent
had been helpless for a day or so.
Mr. Sargent came here years ago and
at one time had owued a small tract
of land in the south part of town, at
(Continued on page three)