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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 13, 1918)
(AOOO EEADEES) DAILY,
OJy Circulation In Salem Guar
anteed 1j the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL "WILLAMETTE YAL- "
LET NEWS SERVICE
and Friday fair;
fooler . tonijrlit
east portion; mod
erate - westerly
winds. : - -
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 138
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 13, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS ITVE CENTS
0 I KM hm
r ... i.rs ,
mur M r y ) y V II
Germans Driven Across Matz
River by French Last Night
-Attack On Marne Front
Repulsed by American
Only at One Point After
Severe fighting Battle
Rases Along Front of Fifty
Paris, June t.t. French forces, deliv
oriug their first counter attaek on the
ast wing of the new Ooiso front, last
night hurled the- Germans back across
the. Mat river.
"There w no new German attack
on the western, flank and in the cen
"On the Marne front a violent Ger
man attack against Bouresches nnd
Be-Hcau wood was broken up by Amer
ican and French troops who held all
their newly won positions and inflict
ed the heaviest losses on the enemy.
The mot violent fighting ig going
n between th Alsne and Villcrs-Cot-terets
forest where the Germans pro
Kressed slightly, gaining a footing on
Cmievres and St. Pierre-Aigle.
"Between. Montdidier and the An
theuil region, therj was no new Ger
man attack," the communique said.
"Yesterday evening and last night
tha French consolidated their.positions
"On the right, French counter at
tacks hurled the Germans back north'
of the Matz, the iFreneh occupying the
heights of 'Croix-Ricard and Mclicoeq.
A hundred prisoners and a number of
machine guns were taken.
"The most violent fighting is going
on between Aisne and Villers-Cottercts
forest, where the Germans progessed
to the hollow east of La Versine and
succeeded, in heaviest fighting, in ob
taining a footing in Coeuvre and St.
"On the Boureeehes-Belleau wood
front, a German attack was broken up
ly French and American forces, who
held all their new eains and inflicted
the heaviest losses."
Fifty Mlto Battle Front
London, dune lS.Thc battle was rag
ing today over tho 50 mile front from
(Continued on page nine)
Oasis Is Fixed at $20 Per
Capita Salem's Quota
On the basis of $20 per capita, Sa
lem has been assigned a quota of
320,000 for the coming campaign for
the sale' of war savings stamps, begin
ning June 24. However, as the city
bas already subscribed $70,000, credit
will be given for this amount, leaving
to tie raised tie sum of $250,000. The
quota, is given on the supposition that
Salem U a city of about lfi,000.
Gervais was given a quota of $10,800
but it has already gone over with sub
scriptions, amounting to $14,677. 8il
verton in district No. 4 has already
subscribed $5953 bnt it still ha $05,
O00 to raise. Jefferson district has
raised $fil6 with a rait for $11,980
more. Woodburn, school district No.
103, has subscribed $22,635 with a call
The Staytoa school district has snb
wcrfbed $9421 for W. 8. 8. but is eall-,
ed on for $10,540. Hubbard has raised
$9916 ibut has $12,400 to follow. Mt.
. Angel already baa $3120 with $30,160
to raise. Monitor should subscribe $7.
OUt as it has already bought $1117 in
W. S. 8. Marion, district No- 20, hav
ing raised $1552 will be asked for $5,
410. St. Paul has raised $1576 and will
ask td -for $9140. Rtwiwmty. having
nrbseribf-4 $1023 "will be railed on ior
$1.1,460. Shaw ha subscribed $1224 and
(Continued m page three)
TO ASSIST RUSSIA
TO RESIST GERMANS
People of Former Empire Do
Not Desire Assistance
" Carl D. Groat
(UuiteO ss Staff Correspondent)
Washing, t June 13. The American
governuieii. o striving hard to make
some nrra, " ent whereby aid, even
troops, niaj - ent to Eussia under Rus
sian Ameri. ts eadcrship.
Bussia w, )t approve any expedi
tion under fTaiiese. leadership. The
country now looks to tlua United States
as its best friend. The facts reached
the United Press today from reliable
The government plans to be ablo to
announce Julv 4 that a million- men havo
left American ports for Europe. There
after, it will have to cut down on tho
pace set in the May and June record
so that supplies can be forwarded.
This will give the opportunity of aid
ing Russia with other troops. Many
difficulties stand in the path, it is ad
mitted but the government leaders arc
doing their utmost to reach a solution.
The United Press is able to state
that the tentative proposal which has
received greatest support here shapes
The f?mpty troop ships would be used
to convoy some American troops to Rus
sia. They need not constitute a vast
force. Loyal Russians, available allied
troops and Japanese and Chinese troops
would compose the balance of this
great international expedition. Its pur
pose would be rescue work. There would
be a guarantee against territorial ag
grandizement. The fact that t.oop shipment to
France will slump after the first of July
explains apparently Secretary Baker's
recent reticence about newspaper pre
dictions concerning troop movements.
Up warned that events might make it
impossible to live up to the newspaper
figures. Jsow it Is found, the supply
question must be given attentioa
As soon as supplies are replenished,
heavy troop shipments will be resumed.
SEIZED SIBERIAN RAILROAD
Paris, June 13. Czecho-Slovaks have
seiiv?d sections of the Trans-Siberiau
railroad and are proceding'to Vladivos
tok witli the intention of embarking to
the Uuited States, it was learned here
BLOOD SWfrATM' I'jLMa
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GutMTVSE 4MONO THE'wLO OrvfS" AT SEUS'TLOTO
j War Summary of United Press
1 1411th Day of the War; 85th Day of the Big Offensive f
Oise Front. While continuing to
hold the Germans on the west flank and
in th renter the French last night
counter attacked on the jeast flank for
the first time, hurling the Hups back
across the Matz river and recapturing
Marne Front. American and French
troops broke up a violent German attack
on a mil0 front h"tween Bouresches and
Bclleau wood, northwest of Chateau.
Thierry. Between the Aisue and the Villers-Cottercts
forest whew thP Marne
front has been consolidated with the
Oise front, the Germans have progressed
Picardy Front. British troops con-'
tinued a successful raid southeast of
MARTIAL LAW RULES WITH
IRON GRIP IN AUSTRIA
Food Situation Cause of Much
Discontent Among Work
Advices from Austria, received thru
Rome yesterday, stated that practical
ly all of the dual monarchy had been
declared in a state of siege, only a few
regions being excepted. The reported
conditions which have led up to this
significant a'tuation, set forth in the
"words of an Austrian newspaper man,
re described in the following dis
patch. By Joseph Shaplai
(United Press staff correspondent)
Stockholm, June' 13. The growing
seriousness of the food and political
situation in Auattia.RuufjarsjWtre' rer
vcaled to me today by an Austrian
newspaper man, a staff correspondent
of the Vienna,-Arbeiter Zeitung. -
"The situation in Austria-Hungary
is again very serious," he said. 'The
food situation is always worse than it
is in Germany, The Austrian govern
ment under pressure of the January
strikes, gave the workmen many food
promises- None of these was fulfilled.
They were given expectation of food
from Ukraine which, in view of the
Flanders Front. French were success
ful in a local ' operation near Die ka
li use h lake. Britjeh took prisoners near
Austria-Hungary. An Austrian news
paper correspondent declared that the
food, economic and political situation in
the dual monarchy is becoming increas
Italy. The pope, in a letter to the
bishops of Lombard, reiterated that "e
would spare no effort to nd the war.
Fiance Civilian evacuation of Com-
piegne, seven miles south of the Oise
battle front, has been completed.
Austrian Navy. , Vienna officially
admits th,? loss of the dreadnaught
I Szeut Istvan in the Adriatic.
increasing revolts against the central
powers and Skoro.padski, is no more
than problematical. Germany is rely
ing so little on this that she has re
duced the daily bread ration from 200
to 160 grams (half an ounce.)
"The price of flour in Austria is
now 14 francs a kilogram, (about $1.40
a pound). Butter is 40 francs a kilo
cram (about 1(4 a iound. Vienna's
! nrmtl'jitinn ia nvf. crAffino Avon 3ft nnr
l " t a - " " 1' '
cent of its normal rations. The mayor
recently demanded that the govern
ment at immediately to prevent tho
most serious consequences. The polit
ical situation is likewise critical, as a
result of publication of Empeo Kal 's
letters. The meeting of the reichsrath
(congress) .has been postponed indefi
nitely. The movement of the Serbians,
Croats and Slovaks for cession from
Austria and unification in a single
Serb nation is growing rapidly. '
"Recently there was a severe battle
between the Germans and the Slovaks
in Vindifh-Gratz. There are the most
serious disturbances at.Leibach. The
Bohemians are demanding complete in
dependence. The Austrian socialists are
talking strong language, but there is
no hope of peace. Germany refuses to
listen to democratic peace.
"The reichrath is strangled with
(Continued on page three)
CASUALTY LIST IS
LARGEST OF WAR,3
Guy R. Read and R. G. Zies
ier, Portland; J. H. Cul
AVashington, June lS.-'-One hundred
and eightv eight casualties were report
ed to the war department today, divided
Nineteen killed in action; nine dead
from wounds; four dead from disease;
one dead from airplane accident; threve
dead from accidents and other causes
one hundred and thirty seven wounded
severely; eteven wounded, degree un
determined; four missing in action.
Lieutenant John W. Hhoades, Payette
Idaho, was killed 111 action and Lieuten
ant Jesse M. Kobinsou, Washington, D
C, died of disease.
Lieutenants Richard A. Newhall
Minneapolis; John W. Scott, Detroit,
and Harold K. Simon, Marshall, Minn,
were severely wounded in action. Lieu
tenants James A. Bayne, Grand Bapids,
Mich., was killed in an airplane acci
d,nt and Lieutenant Raymond C. Burky
reported as missing in action.
The balance of the list follows:
Killed in action: ' .
Corporals Mart Gentry, Weaver, Ky,
Samuel J. Mathcney, White Sulphur
Springs, W. Va.
Wagoner Jay E. Cross, Chittenango,
Privates Elmer Anderson, South Am-
Harry E. Fonger, Grand Bapids,' Mich.
Oscar C. Frank, Minneapolis, Minn.
John Gorehoite, 2953 Carba street,
Hielke Hylkema, Idaard, Holland.
Mirko Ivosevich, -Midland, Pa.
Ernest L. Jasset, Newton, Mass.
(Continued on page eight)
EFFORT TO TAKE
Hindenburg Seems Staggered
at Pnces In Life He Is
' Compelled t Pay
By j. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, June 13. The German
effort to capture Compiegne has been
definitely halted. The price in human
lives aiicai'S too great for Von Hin
denburg to pay at tho moment.
ine German offensive has now been
shifted south of the Aisne, about mid
way toward Chateau-Thierry. Paris is
still the objective but instead of con
tinuing his effort to reach the capital
along Von Khick 's old pathway thru
Compiegne, Hindenburg Is seeking s
new road about 15 miles to the east,
along tho Paris-Soissons railway.
To make an effective start along this
route Hindenburg must first capture
tho forest of Villers-Cottorets. This is
a very Btrong natural position about
ten miles long and five miles deep. It
provides splendid shelter for artillery
and especially for machine gun nests.
Hindenburg cannot hope to take the
forest, except at a frightful cost in
General Foch can well afford to
abandon a little territory in -this sec
tor if he thereby entices Hindenburg
into consenting to further bloody sac
rificles. The struggle for Compeigne
has been a distinct allied victory up to
the present becauso of tho successful
adoption of thig program by General
Foch. Tho tarritory north of Compeigne
now in Hindenburg 's possession, is no
more than a burial ground given to the
German dead. The slight progress made
by tho Germans toward yillers-Cottcr-ets
ha the same significance.
It is unfortunate for the Gorman
militarists that the serious check Hin
denburg has experiftiieed before Com
piegne should coincide with the boast
on the Prussian war minister, Von
Stein in the' rcichstag that General
Foch has no more reserves left.
Von Stein's statement to the reich
stag is a very hopeful sign for his al
lies. Hts extravagant suggestions that
General Foch is reaching the last
aage of exhaustion and that Ameri
can troojie arc not seriously to be
reckoned with show that German pub
lic opinion has to be fed with German
LIVESTOCK SHIPMENTS .
Washington, June 13.-There
were 668,573 cars of a'i kipdl
of livestock loaded in the Uric-
ed States during ne first five
months of this year, according
ing to reports received by the
bureau of Markets. . Included
were 285,333 carloads of eat-
tie and calves; 246,932 cars
hogs; 66318 ears sheep; 24,298
ears horses and mules; 45,193
cars mixed stock.
AGE LIMIT AS K ED
Limit May Be Fixed by Con
gress Soon at Forty-Five
or fifty Years
PROBABLE DEPLETION OF
CLASS ONE IS REASON
Ratification of Draft Treaties
Make Uniform Age Limit
Washington, June 13. That the war
department will ask changes in the
draft law so as to luclude all men be
tween ttwe ages of 18 and 45 or 49 years
was the forecast of well-informed con
gressional lenders today.
The new legislation, which would
place tho draft on the sanw basis as that,
of Britain and facilitate tho operation
of the inter-allied draft treaties is ex
pected to be launched in the December
In the meantime a campaign of edu
cation is to be conducted to inform the
country of the need for raising the
These reasons include the probable de
pletion of class one this year and the
necessity for going into deferred classi
fications unless draft limits aro broad
nod. "Provost Marshal Crowder has no de
sire to go into deferred classifications"
said Representative Kahn of the house
military committee today.
Members of the senate foreign rela
tions committee said today that ratifi
cation of the draft treaty with Great
Britain and Canada "would impose a
moral obligation on the United States
to raise the draft age." -
Under an agreement among all th al
lies it is understood the military ser
vieff ages of all the allied nations are'
to be made uniform.
Ratification is tho first' step in ad
ding nearly 700,000 men to tho Ameri
can or allied armies, from the popula
tion of this country, officials said.
Under tho proposed plan as congress
leaders understand it, not all the men
thus rendered liable for service would
(Continued on page three)
t Final Arrangements
t Second Annual Events of
Biggest Day Salem Ever SawThere Will Be a t
Feast For Bargain Hunters In Every Line of i
Business And They
Live energetic, merchants of Salem
are making their 'final preparations for
tho great event of the year, Bargain
Day, Saturday of this week.
They know by experience there is
going to bo a rush for the hundreds
of bargains offered and knowing, are
aireauy maKing preparations in ine
way of extra help to properly care for
Mierfhflfit.ft who fit. first hesitated
have felt the contagion and ure now
rung up with one Idea ot t no great
t Abe Martin J
Wht not organize th' ole scouts! A
state bank wuz robbed yesterday thi
time by outsido parties.
ON MARWE FRONT
French Now Brigaded' Will.
Americans ' Reversing
Former Order :
WITH HEAVY LOSSES
Comparative 'Qcfet Reigns
After Twelve Days ci
s By Lowell Mbllett . ,
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the Americans on the Marse
June IS.--The Americans holding tha
three mile front' between bsnrescBea
and Torcy repulsed two German attacks ,
in their twelfth day and night of fight
ing. They took" fifty prisoners, includ
ing a eaptain, and captured a number
of machine guns. The enemy suffered
heavy casualties. ' "
Four hundred mounted Germans were
sighted south of Etropilly (two miles
northeast of Bouresches) yesterday
evening. An American battery scatter
ed them with heavy losses. '
Th.9 twelv days' work of our troops
in this vicinity has led the commanding
general to report that "the conduct ot
the men Is magnificent."
' There are numerous evidences of tho
arrival of a fwsh German division (12,
000 men) opposite this sector. It baa
not yet been identified.
Much has been made of America's ac
ceptance of the brigading of her troops
with the Fronch and British. It is bow
possible to toll of French troops, in at
least one instance, accepting a reverse
United States, regiments, ' together
with a regiment of French souavei and
French artillery, compose division
commanded by an American general.
The latter 's staff directs the divis
V" AMERICAN SECTOR QUIET.
By Fred S. Ferguson-
(UiiHicd Press Staff Correspondent)
With the Americans Wost of Mont
(Ooutiud on page two)
This Kind Promises To Be
Will Be Real Bargains, Too i
annual Bargain Day. In fact the mer-"
chant who does not get the enhusi--asm
for bargains Saturday stamps
himself as not traveling with the rapid
march of events. .
Practically ' every merchant in tho
city wilt bo satisfied with marking
goods i oi many lines at a smaller mar
gin. There is already the feeling that
thousand of out of town customers
will be in tho city expecting special
reductions in prico and the merchant
who does not get in the procession wilt
feel mighty lonesome when called on
by tho trade for specials next Satur.
. The one big feature of the day is tho
fact that bargains are not to be coufi.i
ed to drygoods or shoe trade. While
stores handling these goods are alive
to the opportunities of bargain days,
there are B'ores that do not make a
fiai'kic of offering specials very often
For instnnce, the hardware store will
have special offerings notwithstanding
the fact that every man knows thnt
(Continued on page two)
80 FEB CENT CUBED
Waahino-tnn. June 13. Eiirhtv Der
cent of the American troops wounded
in battle are Deing eureu ana reiurnea
in their force within three or four
weeks, it was announced. It formerly
required months of attention in mili
tary hosnitals before they covJd re-'
turn to the fighting line.
Army surgeons are being instructed
at the rate of 150 a month ia latest;
treatment for wounded.
FOPS REGRETS IT.
Rome, June 13. The pope writing
tn tha hitihnna of Lombard, denlored the
misinterpretations which have been
placed on his attitude regarding tne
war, was learned today. He declared h
would continue t spare no efforts to
end the war. -