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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 12, 1918)
and Thursday pro
not so warm to
night except near
the coast; moder
ate winds, mostly
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEEVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO
BIG GERMAN 0
Marines Drive Germans From
Last Hold On Belleau
AFTER TERRIFIC LOSSES
THE SURVIVORS FLED
Prisoners Taken by Marines
Express Joy at Being
By Lowell Mellett,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the American Armies in France,
June 12. American marines have en
tirely cleared the . important Belleau
wood five miles west of Chateau-Thierry
of enemy forces, it was established
The German defenders were slaugh
tered in great numbers and those who
survived fled in disorder.
The American artillery preparation
began at 3:30 yesterday morning. An
hour later the marines attacked the
(jeruians. who still held the northern
portion of tho wood. They were under
orders to push though to the north
eastern limits of the' wood. They car
ried out their instructions to tho letter.
In addition . to Inflicting heavy
casualties, the marines took at least
"!)0 prisoners, including ten officers,
and captured two three inch field
pieces and some minewerfeTs. Their
own casualties were light, with the
exception of those suffered at one point
where a ninchine gun nest held out
for some time.
While this fighting was under way
the Germans launched an attack at
five a. m. against tho American units
holding Bouresches on the right. The
assault was completely repulsed, great
masses of the enemy being broken up
by artillery and riflo fire.
Prisoners taken by the marines aro
the gladdest lot I 've seen yet. Man
of them are extremely youthful and
look well cared for, though some of
them said they have had little to eat
lately. AJ1 are members of a Prussian
unit, though drafted from all parts of
Germany. Several who served on the
Bussian front said they liked it better
there than on this front.
Many of the German regiments, they
paid, are recruited from Jews. These
ere unwilling to fight and are com
gelled to go into oat tic by machine
jjuns placed in the rear of their lines.
After they have entered the fighting
line they are chained to guns and
A captured officer said it was un
derstood by himself and others that
less than 200,001) Americans are in
France He was surprised to
that the Americans had been here sev
eral months. -
THINE DRIVE AT AN END.
I.,'..-. '. f-P--!
By Henry Wood
With the French Armies In Thc Field,
(Continued on page six)
IIIINIIIMimillll millllimmilllimillimiHlllHUHIIimniim Illllimillllllim
I War Summary of United Press 1
I iiiiiiiimimuiimuMii i!!!Hi!!!i!iiii!i!iMiiiiiiii!iminiiiiimiimiiiii I
I 1410th Day of the War; 84th Dav of the Big Offensive
Oiss Front. The Germans are con- j ing Bouresches on the right was re
tinuing their pressure at every point! pulsed.
aloug the entire front from Montdidierj
to the Dise.. Not only did the French Picardv Front. American artillery
hold the, without appreciable gain
yesterday evening and last night, but!
improved further on the western flank
bv continued counter attacks.
- . ' j Lorraine Front. Ninety twn Ameri-
Marne Front. A new battle is raging cans received the war cross for gallant
southwest of Soissons, where the Ger-jry in action,
mans struck on a foor mile front be-
tween the Aisne and the Villers Cotter-
eta forest. The Germans have failed to,
American Cannes, in their attack yes
terday morning northwest of Chateau
Thierrv, completely cleared the boches
out of Bellaa wood, it was establish
ed today. A simultaneous German at
tack against other American nnita hold-
. 138 QAkjCjlU, WXVrAJWry " ..
BY FIERCE RESISTENCE
Senate 0 sed to
Washir. S June 12, The
senate to. f went on record
against o "riplomaey. By a
vote of 01 it rejected the
Borah ame nt for public
The ena this action ac
cepted the Rent's own con
struction o- - peace terms
speech of January 8, when he
told congress he favored ''open
covenants of peace, openly ar
rived at", that henceforth dip
lomacy "must proceed always in
Washington, June 12. Presi
dent Wilson is opposed to the
Borah "open diplomacy" reso
lution, Senator 'Hitchcock an
nounced today in tho senate.
Hitchcock read a letter from the
president, written to Secretary
Lansing March 12, just after Bo
rah had introduced his resolu
tion providing for open consid
eration of all treaties by the
seuate. The president iu his let
ter said that when on January
8, he advocated open diplomacy
he meant that all treaties, after
ratification, should tv) inade
public. H0 did not mean open
consideration by the senate, he
said. a '
CHARGES AGAINST CZAB.
Petrograd, June 10. That the
former czar and tlw kaiser form
ed a verbal alliance against
Great Britain and Trance during
a conference at Potsdam, will be
' charged iu the forthcoming trial
of the former, it was reported
her today. Tlw czar also is said
to have promised the kaiser a
free hand in Turkey?
The soviet members have
charge of the pending trial.
DAY'S LIST TOTALS 127
One Oregon Boy, Edwin H.
Olson of Springfield, Died
Washington, June 12. General Per
shing reported 127 casualties to the war
department today, as follows:
Fifteen killed in action; nine dead
from wounds; eighteen dead from dis
ease; one dead from airplane accident;
seventeen dead from accidents and
other causes; sixty wounded severely;
six wounded, degree undetermined, and
one missing in action.
Lieutenants Wilrner Bodenstab, Ton-
ikers, X. Y., Max Buchanan, Brockton
Mass., and Malcolm M. Johnstone, Ar-
liugtou, Wash., were Kineu in uaiue.
Captain Leonard K. Hart, Shawnee,
Ohio, died of disease and Lieutenant
Richard B. Be.-d, Van West, Ohio, died
of airplane accident.
Captain Don L. Caldwell, Greeufield
(Continued on page three)
pounded German rear communication
line in ihe Montdidicr regiou. Two
Flanders FrontNormal artillery fir-
ing waa reported.
Italian Army. Two small Italian tor-
tvoAh Koam -unit twn of the bi?f?est
Austria! dreadnaughts off the Dalma-
-r : T
nan isianus JMonuay uiui ij.uk. -u mo. - - - ,
resulting pursuit they badly damped railroad men m the event of a telegraph-
8 r 13 n""1'-t"T """" g"vrn
(Continued oa page three)
PLACES NUMBER ON
NON COMBATANT LIST
Pretended to Surrender As
Decoy-But Will Not Do
By Lowell Mellrtt ;
(United Press 'staff eorres;ondont)
With the Americans on the Marne,
June 12. (4:30 p. m.) The possibility
cf a German advance in t'us sector has
been practically eliminated through
j consolidation of the ne positions
i nor h and east of Belleau vood.
Tho marines now solidly hold 110
i wood, the last machine gun stromrhold
at its edge being taken at the point of
tho bayonet at 10 o'clock this morning.
The attacking party found the -group
Of boulders filled with dead and wound
The total prisoners taken in the wood
.nd contiguous territory now has
reached well above 400, with 62 ma-
ehihie (ima, four tretiich mortars, a
I great number of rifles and a large
Continued on page three)
RUSSIA MUST RETURN TO
OR BE BLOTTED OFF WORLD'S MAP
TELLS OF SUBMARINE
Says American Transport
forced German U-Boat to
New York, June 12.-Enemy submar-'
iues now aiteinptiui? to biuckauV) the
American coast are becoming increas
ingly bold in their operations, accord
ing to information in shipping circles
today. A Brazilian steamer arriving at
an Atlantic port, reported it was pur
sued by a U-boat off Jersey but a Unit
ed States transport opened fire on the
pirate and made him submerge.
At another Atlantic pore, sailors of
a British vessel described an encount!
,or with two submarines in which one of
tliein was rammed by the Britisher and
Some of the Pinar De Kio crew insist
ed the submarine which attacked their
ship Saturday was accompanied by a
0000 ton steamer with one funnel, paint
ed light grey. This may have been a
"mother ship" or a captured freighter
which the Germans are looting at their
Ther.j were reports of another mys
terious "mother ship" off the New
England coast. Boston harbpr was clos
ed for a while. .
Report Not Credited
Washington, June 12. The captain
of a Brazilian steamer which arrived at
an Atlantic port brought the lniorma
tion that an American transport fired
several times on a German U-boat off
'the coast. ThiB fact, forwarded to the
navv department today, elicited the
staement that this was the only source
! heportiug the incident and that it was
quite UM.ciy llie j-iruig tto la.guv 'w
Incidentally, the American naval head
quarters abroad has cabled the depart
ment asking if it cannot slop cumula
tion of skippers and sailors yarns" about
sinking of submarines in places when?
the evidence of destruction is, to say
the least, extremely doubtful.
Seems More Probable
Chicago, June 12. Following an
endorsement by the Order of Railway
Telegraphers on the attitude of the
Commercial Telegraphers Union in its
controversy with th . commercial tele
graphers companies President 8. J. Ko
nenkamp of the telegraphers union will
leave Chicago today for St. Paul to con
fer with officials of the American fed
eration of Labor.
The railroad telegraphers formally
azreed that they will r.?fue t. handle
j commercial company telegram. There
i tin lilrplihnAfl nf ft walkout hr the
oiTPir fT-i?nrxT- nnrTYMTTStriAY. JTTNE 12. 1918
TWO DREADN AUGHTS
OF AUTSRIAN FLEET
Torpedo Boats Pass Through
Line of Destroyers ana
Get Results .
Koine, June 12.-Two small-Italian
torpedo boats, defying an entire Aus
trian battle fleet, sank twn of the lar
gest dreadnaughts in the Austrian navy
Monday morning aud returned safely to
their bases, it was officially announc
The daring exploit occurred on tne
Dalmatian islands, on the Austrian side
of the Adriatic.
In the pursuit which followed, an
Austrian destroyer was badly damaged.
Two torpedos wene fired at the first
ship in the line and one torpedo at the
ship immediately following.
The Austrian dreadnaughts were of
the Viribus Unitis class aud were sunk
Thp torrvdo boats, under command of
Captain Rizzo and Luige D'Milazzo
passed boldly through a line of enemy
destroyers and attacked the two lead
ing ships of a battle squadron, which
was steaming in fleet formation.
A short time ago a mysterious Ital
ian craft Bince described as an elec
trically propelled "sea tank" pene
trated the defenses of Po'a harbor and
sank an Austrian drcadnaught of the
-Viribus llnitis class.
This class originally consisted of four
vessels. Thev are of twenty thousand
tons displacement, carry twelve twelve
inch aud twelve five inch guns and A1 of the men wsre members of bat
hav.? a compliment of 902 to 968 men. tery A g,cmd Field Artillery.
As Soon As BoMeviki Are
Out Russia and Ukraine
t . ; . Will Unite
By Joseph Shaplen
(United Press Staff Correspondent) .
Stockholm, June 12. The action of
the Bolsheviai in putting Moscow un
der martial law, is probably due to the
uncovering of a plot which was brew
ing when I left Russia, which aimed at
the overthrow of tie. Bolshevik! by sim
..i.. ...!..:. Hf,N,n ..J Pol.
i'riuee K-opotkin, K. Savinkoff, and
a number of cadet party leaders were
involved in the plot,
Plans for the formation of a Kussian
army of worxnien ana peasants were
outlined to the United Press representa
tive in a recent interview given by
General Pfcrsky, formerly commander of
the Russian forces at Riga, but now
military chief of the Petrograd district.
' ' We are taking all measures possible
for the defense of the country," he
said, "as G.Tmanv can break thp Brest
peace treaty whenever she wishes. We
have not yet fully developed a plan of.
training workmen and peasants, but in
some places a tentative plan is lit full
"Universal military service Is impos
sible at present. It will be possible only
when order is restored. When the people
are fully awakened and order has been
re-established, we hope to organize ef
fective resistance and regain Russia's
The new Red army is worthless and
evervbodv in Petrograd realizes this.
The return of Russia to the was Is in
evitable. Either this or Russia will be-
(Coatinued on page three)
Our idee of a cinch is atandin' on a
biff, flat backed eircut boss without fall
in' off. One good thing about bein'
ingle," said Marne Moon, t'day, "is
. . . . ... i
that you kin be prominent without be
i"' accused 0' negleetin' your child
Gomsers May Go To Europe
to Step Labor Troubles
St. Paul, Minn, June 12.
President Samuel Gonipers of
the- American Federation of
LaboT ia seriously considering
a, trip abroad to fight forces
threatening a division of labor
bodies in tne allied countries.
His decision may be known
while the annual meeting of
the federation is in gesion here
The American labor mission,
recently returned from Eng
land, suggested Gompers as one
of two men to remain in Europe
for tho remainder of the war,
welding laborers together in a
"win the war" spirit.
German atrocities in Belgium
were made vividj to delegates
to the federation convention to
day by Professor A. G. Van
Hecko of the Belgian labor mis
sion. "Belgium will never sub
mit to German domination,
asserted Van Heeke, amid
Other missions and commit
tees made their reports today.
Private Was Killed
and Several Wounded
Vromnnt. Menlo Paik, Cat.
to,..,, . , -
June 12. Private Henry nuzio was .....
ed and Sergeant James Gardner, Cor
poral Walter Banack, and Privates
Claude Alnutt, Luther Wlsh and John
Peterson in the hospital today severely
iuiured as the result of tho explosion of
a new six inch howitzer late yesterday
Thfl caus of the explosion, which f
curred duringHarget practice, is un
known and although an immediate in
vestigation was ordered by Major hen
eral Morrison, doubt wag expressed if
it WOUld bo BUCCeSSIUI in ui-iciiuiiua
FEW WOUNDED LOSE.
THEIR ARMS OR LEGS
Cases v of Amputation of
Limbs Show Small Per
centage In War
Chicago, Juno 12. Figures showing
tho relatively small number of Cana
dian soldiers suffering major amputa
tion because of war injuries surprised
American medacal men hero. The Am
erican Association of Industrial Physi
cians and Surgeons, advance guard or
the American Medical association got
secretary oft the invalided soldiers' com
secetary of the invahded soldiers' com
mission of Canada.
"With 30,000 soldiers disabled,"
Kidner aaidi, "we have had less than
1500 amiputiUions of legs or arms. Be
tween fifty and sixty have been blind
Ad. That's no more than were blinded
in tho Halifax explosion alone."
Surgeon General Gorgas asserted 75
per cent of the American wounded get
back to the trenches.
"The world has never seen a better
or cleaner army," he said. "Immoral
lty- and drunkenness are uncommon.
German poieon gas, he said, is over-1
come by an American antitoxin.
Tho sixty ninth annual moeting of
tha American Medical association open
ed last night.
Are Announced Today
Washington, Juim 12. The marine
casualties announced this afternoon
Killed in action:
Captain James McCoy, Fall River
Sereeant James C. Wertz, Burnliam,
Privates Frank H. Snow, Anniston,
Leon W. Hunt, Tyre, Mich.
Robert B. Decatur, Plainville, Ohio.
Henry Kieehner. Bernardsvillc, N. J.
John Mefolk Collins, not identified.
Died of wounds:
Hergeant Max Kraus, Berlin, Wis.
Privates Victor J. M. Boska, Charles'
.Jerome A. Pierce, Spirit Lake, Idaho.
AUSTRIA WANTS PEACE
' Washington, June 12. Baroa
Burian, A ustro-Hungarian for
eign minister, in an interview
.published by the Tageblatt, de
clare Austria still is ready for
a "peace by understanding"
on the toaaia of no annexation.
"But we will make no new
offer to the enemy as long a
their statesmen maintain their
present atandpoint," ho con
PRICE TWO CENTS
TO PLACE RAILROADS
Locomotives, Freight and Passenger Cars to Cost $482
4 1 7,000547,000,000 to Eliminate Grade Crossings
Of the $18,000,000 For Extensions the Southern Pacific
Gets $1,125,000 -Will Spend $200,000,000' For
. Motive Power-$200,030.000 More For Cars
Washington, June 12. Improve
ments, additions and betterments in
national railways in 1913 will cost
$840,300,000. The railroad administra
tion today approved such a budget
covering all expenditures except la
bor and fuel for the present year.
To meet the war demands upon ter
minals, yard sidings aud industry
tracks, $98,601,000 has been approori-
ated. In this same line $18,237,000 has
been listed for construction of exten
sions and branches and unfinished
lines, which, will tap new resourcos.
The east coast will be improved with
coal and ore wharves costing $7,021,
009. In tho equipment expenditures, loco
motives and freight and passenger
cars, most of which have already been
bought, are listed to cost $4a,4l7,ooo.
Tho motive power will require approx
imately 'JOO,000,ooo of this sum. An
other $200,000,000 will go for freight
and passenger cars and miscellaneous
eKiuiimieut will make up $80,000,000-
The war demands have called for an
excessive expenditure for freight build
ing a!o expenditures for freight sta
tions and equipment will be about $.'0,,
000,000, Passenger station improve
ments will require about a,uuu,uiiw.
Improvements for the promotion or
safety and the reduction of accidenti
will consume about $100,600,000. Cf
this $47,000,000 is taken up for the
elimination of grade crossings, - track
elevations, tunnel improvements and
the construction of crossing signals and
the remainder is used in itne cnangej
of grade, building of trestles and con
struction of aubways.
The purchase of rails and other tracx
materials win email an expeuuume u.
$31,5.r)0,000. Most of the steel required
for this work Is under contract. Offi
cials stated ithey expected to receive
all of the steel necessary for tho con
templated betterments. ' " ;' ,
To facilitate tne movement oi i"""
( Continued on page seven)
FRENCH FORCES DRIVE
GERMAN INVADERS BACK
fierce Counter Attacks Gain
Ground As Well As Num
London, Juno 12. French forces op
posing the German drive oeiwei-n
Montdidier and the Oise yesterday
counter attacked on tho western flank
pushing tho enemy back a maximum
depth cf about two mile on a seven
and a half mile front.
A similar counter thrust in tne cen
ter hurled tho enemy back about a mile
on a front of about four miles.
Tho enemy progress was connneu eu-
Public Spirited Women
Boost Big Bargain Day j
Arc Sending Invitations to Friends and Relatives to
Come to Salem and Visit Them on Bargain Day,
June 15-Merchants in High Spirits Over Pros
pects for Day of Big Business
Next Saturday is Bargain Day, and
tho Bargain Day fjver is becoming
more and more prevalent as the Day
of Big Business approaches. Not only
are the merchants working .tooth and
nail in preparation for the event but
the women are also backing up th
movement by sending invitations to
heir friends and relatives to bring
their families and visit them on this
day of all dayt for economical buying.
This i one of the most encouraging
development for the promotion of a
successful day for whenever the women
nf ft community stand baek of a project
that project Is sure to bo a sueeesa. The
ending of these inwations u a
nnt in th Horht direction and it is
to b. hoped that other wiu "get tne
habit" and that' nearly every horn ia
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
147 GRADUATE FROM
SALEM HIGH SCHOOL
ITS LARGEST CLASS
Armory Selected As Place for
Holding Exercises Friday .
The annual graduating exercise- of
the Salem high school will. b held, at
the armory Friday, evening of this
week beginning at 8 o'clock.
Notwithstanding the many young
men who have volunteered, from the
school for army and navy service, th '
class thi! year number 147, the largest "
in the historr of the school. Last year
it was 137. The class this year Include
04 boys and 83 girls. - ,
Instead of several student taking
active part in tho evening' program,
it, wa decided to limit une numuiw i -three,
one to bo chosen by the clas
one by the faculty and the third ae
cording to highest rank in ftudic for ,
the past two years. i
The class elected Philliips Elliott, the
leachers chose Ruth Bedford ami on
tho ibasis of stholarshrip, Hermogene
Carbonell won by a close margin- Th
speaker of the evening will be Dr. U.
G. Duliack of the University of Ore
gon. who will speak on "Live and Lot
Live." - . . -
The program for the evening it as
Invocation Dr. F.dwiu Sherwood.
High school chorus "America Trl-
(Continued on page six.)
tiroly to the eastern winif, where they
crossed tho OiBP near Kibocourt and
apparently compelled the evacuation
of the deep salient extending north
ward totwnrd Noyon.
On tho Marne front, American fore
es captured Belleau wood and took 300
prisoner yonterday morning, tho
.French war office announwa-
Tha principal .Frown amance w
.niado between St. Maur end Rubes
court, whero they reached the southern
outskirts of Lo Fretoy, captured U
heights between Courcelle aad Morta-
and carried meir mwi -and
a half to the cast of Mery.
(Coutiud on page two)
Salem will entertain out ot town friend
on Bargain Day.
One of the leading merenunn, m
sr.iaking of last year's Bargain Day,
said: "Bargain Day had many pleas
ing features but what pleased mo most
was the large number of children who
came with their parents and the' general
fcel-at-honv! air that seemed to prevail
everywhere. It is to be hoped that even
more of the out of town visitor will
bring their families with them thia
year. That they will not on,y com toT
the bargains thai will be offered but
for a day's outing as well. They may
rest assured that the people of Salem
will do their utmost to make their visit
enjoyable as well a profitable."
(Oontipuod OH paga two) i-