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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 23, 1916)
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OVER 4000 DAILY
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND MfiW
STANDS FIVE CENT
UUUU U IJ f W v.? L- ILL!
CONTROL OF if
IS LATEST HEd I
All Northern Mexico Is a
Powder House Surrounded
-,. by Fire
EXPLOSION MAY FOLLOW
Rumor of Fight With Villa,
Americans Losing Two
and Mexicans 82
SATS HERRERA LOYAL
Washington. Mar. 23 Consul
Garcia in '. Paso telegraphed
the Mexican embassy here to
day denying that General Luis
llerrera had revolted against
Cnrrnuzn. Me declared Herrera
was most active in the cam
paigning against Francisco Vil-
Kl I'uso, Texas, Mar. 2.1. General J.
T. Pershing has taken control of the
Mexican Nortliowestern railroad south
of his base at Casas Grnndos, it was
unofficially stated today. He is said
to be transporting American infantry
over the railway toward Madera, in an
effort to get behind Francisco Villa
while Colonel Druid's cnvalrv pushes
till liflnilit p.iipf nml )iid full. iu.-r.re !
southward. The Americans were re
ported to have entrained at Casas
(ramies and Pearson.
Cavalry is understood to be protect
ing the line. It is unknown whether
Viirshini' seized the road, "or was given
permission by the OarPsiizistas.
Seethes With Revolt.
San Antonio, Texas, Mar. 23. 'North
era Mexico today is like a powder mag
azine with fire burning on all sides. The
entire border fear of Mexican upris
ings has been renewed. Though Major
General Fred Fnnston has not received
official word of General Luis Tlerrera's
reported desertion to the Villistus, he
is facing the situation frankly and has
ordered additional troops to the most
dangerous border points.
The Third battalion of the Fifth in
fantry is eu route to Columbus, and .vi
lor! ion of the Twenty Fourth not re-
quired to protect ISrigadier General
John ,1. Pershing 'a lines of communica,-
lion will also be distributed along the!
burder. Tlie Fourth artillery has been
transferred from Mercedes ito Browns-1
vitle, opposite to Matamoras. which is(
n veritable hotbed of Villistnism. The
total American strength at Brownsville j
is five thousand.
Army headquarters stated precau
tious were being taken to protect
Pershing's communications from re
I leneral Funston had no information'
obout the reported engagement between '
Villistas and the .Seventh cavalry d-'
tiichnient NO miles south of Casas!
iliiindos. The rumor that two -Ameri-
cans and S2 Mexicans iiad been killed;
was unconfirtne I. Fnnston stated that
the news might possibly have reached1
the border before it came to him.
lienornl Hell's reported establish-:
lui'iit of a censorship at Kl Paso was
"not improbable," staff officers said.!
There has been no official announce-
(Continued from Tage Three.) !
5 ABE MARTIN .
herever tiler's n social gutherin'
II alius hear. "Yon don't mean t'
me that's his wife.'" Spring in
er is never up t' any good.
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Indianapolis, Ind., liar. 23,
Indiana was recovering today
from tlio windstorm which
swept 11 northern counties,
killing six persons and doing
2,000,000 damage. The infant
son of Albert Irwin, ofMonon,
was blown from its mother's
arms receiving injuries which
caused its death. Relief worl
and rehabilitation have been
Ten Business and 20 Resi-i
dence Blocks Burned
Augusta, Ga., Mar. 23. Flumes
sweeping Augrista were under control
at noon, after having ravaged 1 1-4
square miles, including 10 business and I
20 residence blocks. Three thousniiH
are shelterless. The loss is estimated
at $5,000,000,. Several firemen were in
Augusta, Ga., Mar. 23. One person
was known to be dead, hundreds of
homeless walked the streets and injured
people crowded a dozen hospitals to
day as the result ur the fire which
swept the business district and resi
dence area of Augusta. Estimates
placed the damage at upwards of $2,
000.000. Business was prostrated.
Militiamen paced the debris littered
streets through blocks of blackened
ruins that had once been homes, guard
ing piles of household goods in the
Fire fighters were on the ground
from Macon, Atlanta and .Savannah.
With the flames curbed, the volunteers
and regular firemen searched cooling
ruins for more dead.
Immediate relief for the victims was
asked, and thousands of dollars sub
scribed at once.
Starting in the commercial district,
the fire destroyed a number of the
city's biggest office buildings. When1
it was thought to be extinguished, a
high wind carried embers two blocks
and started the blaze which devoured
six blocks of residences. Flam.'? a'so.
ate into the cottom warehouse district.
where 15,000 bales, worth 500,000,
Wrecked Near Bay City
Ray City, Ore., Mar. 23. Abandonee" '
by her crew, the thriu masted schooner
Oakland, of .San Francisco, is aground
north of here today and heavy seas are
breaking over her. Most of her cargo
of railroad ties hns been washed away.
The Oakland had been driven north
ward 200 miles out of her course by a
severe southwester. She sniled Sunday
from Coos Hay for San Francisco. Tues
day she hnd been driven far north and
was in distress. The steamer .Saginaw,
bound for Seattle from Redondo, went
to her assistance and removed her crew
I.nte yesterday the const guard cut-1
ter Snohomish reported the Oakland a
derelict. She was sighted by the big
steamer Beaver yesterday morning and
the Beaver reported her position to" the I
skipper of the tug Oneonta. The One
outa today was attempting to salvage
The Oakland was built in 1002 '
San Francisco and was owned by the
Fyfe Lumber company. She was of 4 IS
President Wilson wants congress to
arjouru July. 2, probably so the country
mnv indulge in a rin-roarin'' Fourth of
.lulv celebration. '
OFFICIAL VERSION OF
San Antonio. Texas, Mar. 2.I. "I
believe General Pershing may take
over the Mexico Northwestern railroad
operating from Casas Grandes toward
Cumbre tunnel, although he has not re
ported to me," said Major Oenerul
"Of course he. must first obtain con
sent of the local .Mexican commander, "
added Funston. "I understand the
j road is in fair condition from Casas
ttrandes to ( umlire tunnel. The tunnel
was wrecked a year ago by nn exn'osinn
and it has not been upatred. but three
cars at a time can operate (here on a
Headquarters officers emphasis 1 flic
need for speed soulh of Cas?.. '5 m tides
bv pointing out that the linp 'Hi" where
Ponhing is nioet likely to v.'nnt trer
I llusion sent a wireless rn?": g" to
Pershing asking a report on t li .'usn
Grandes situation during th" jhikI "fi
hours, information about i.i.'iite'.ant
E MILLION DEAD
AID FOUR ill
Such Is the Condition In
Serbia Says Prince Regent
t ft iTAiflni 1 if wiTir (11
Typhus Epidemic Carried
Away 100,000 Thanks
America for Aid
By Henry Wood.
(L'nited Press staff correspondent.)
Rome, Mar. 23. Serbia has lost near
ly 1,000,000 of her 5,000,000 population
through death by the,, sword, by starva
tion or in the recent typhus epidemic,
the t'rinre Regent Alexander informed
the United Press today.
The remaining 4,000,000 face starva
tion. It is to save them from the great
est calamity of history that Prince
Alexander, Prime Minister Pachitch and
the foreign minister have begun a tour
of allies capitals. They hope to "se
cure military action ill the Balkans that
will assure the restoration of their na
"Terrible as have been the losses in
our army, they have been vastly less
than our Civil losses," said the prince
regent. During the first two Austrian
invasions of 1014, practically the en
tiro civilan population In the devastat
ed districts was either massacred or
carried off into captivity in Austria.
"Then came the typhus epidemic car
rying off more than 100.000. Hardly
had this been overcome when the Ger
mans invaded last October. Hundreds
of thousands more either fell before the
invaders or fled." ,
Prince Alexander realized, he said,
that only by keeping intact Serbia's
fighting forces could lie hope to redeem
his country from its enemies. For
this reason everything else was aban
doned during the disastrous retreat in
No Means of Existence.
The aged King Peter, suffering in
tensely from the hardships of the le
treat through the mountains left his
armed forces in command of the sou.
Prince Alexander refused to leavv ihe
Albanian coast until the last Se-.bia.i
soldier had been transported to Corfu,
or elsewhere. ,
"With the Serbian army which re
treated before the combined Gerinar.,
urti'tiin and Bulgarian foro.rs vas'.'y
I'upeiior in number ami equipment to
their own, there retreated th'insr.nds
upon thousands of women, children and
old nun," said Prince Alexander. "Ke
mcmbering the atrocities coiii.r, i' ;e I b'
the Motrians during the invasions in"
A-;gt;St September and November, th-se
wi.inrr and children nd old men fie I
under the most terrible condilioiis im
''information reaching us(fr)m .Ser
bia, Montenegro and Albania gives the
most sombre picture of the general sit
uation. "Enemy armies, we have barned,
have taken from the Serbian population
every means of exigence. There tin
whole districts where the entire popu
lation, is dying of hunger and disea.'s.
"Those Serbian refugees wh) fled
across the Albanian Alps suffered un
told tortures during their wancYnm'
The greater part would surely have
died but for the help extended by your
noble Americans. Thanks to this cn-
(Continued on Page Seven.)
Correll. army aviator. lost, ar.r! confir
mation of the report that Lie itniiiit
I Willis, lh other military airo.in miss
ing, was safe.
I Major Sample, commandant h"re, ic
' ported that the land wire connecting
; Columbus nnd infantry hcjilouarlers
i south of Asrencion had been repaired,
'restoring communication with Pershing.
The wires were cut by Villistas.
j Funston received a codo message
, from General Bell at Kl Paso, supposed
j It with regard to the Herrers defec
tion. Its contents were not made pnb-
lie. It was admitted that Funston re!
ceive.l information of a revolt "from i
j military nourcc," but he had hear.'
i nothing of Herrrera's operations since
! the reported desertion.
' Funston denied asking for morp
j trnnpii, intimating that the coming re
inforcements wpre sufficient for pros
j ent needs. He believed use of the miii
j tia will be necessary if the situation
, grows worse, but he has passed the mil'.
i tin question up to tho war department.
AIRSHIP SERVICE ROTTEN
San Antonio, Texan Mar. 23.
Army headquarters here wire-
lessed General John J. Persh-
ing urging an immediate report
on the case of Aviator Correll,
lost with his military biplane
somewhere between Columbus
and Casas Grandes.
Major General Fred Funston
is very uneasy. The aero mis-
haps of the campaign have been t"s
a great disappointment to him.
He referred to the aero squad-
ron's work as "very poor."
Three machines have been dis-
abled and a fourth lost.
TO BE PAVED BY CITY
Hard Surface Will Cost Prop
i erty Owners 60 Cents Per
A hard Hurface pavement on the Port
land road leading from the Fairgrounds
inside the city limits was practical!
assured this morning by the state
I board of control promising to furnish
the labor necessary for the sub-smiling
of the street. The work will be dono
cither by asylum inmates or convicts
and the city will furnish the gunrjls in
either case. This-will provide only for
the grading of the street, however, mid
it i-s not proposed to employ convict
or asylum labor for laying the hard
surface top dressing. A committee, con
sisting of Mavor Hanev O. White, F.
B. Southwick,H. W. Hatch and Conn
cilman J. A. Mills appeared beforo the
board of control at the meeting mil
urged state assistance to secure a con
tinuous hard surface pavement from th't
city proper to the fairgrounds.
The property owners y.ctitionr'd for a
pavement to cost not more than 00
cents per square yard and a' pu'sdit
it is proposed by the vmniit'ic that
the city of Salem or ou'.ode tour.-es
make up the excess cost over 00 c-nts
per yard, it is prohtitlc, lir.'Vev"-, that;
the city will pay the' bill T.ntt year
the state highway commission oicd to
donate $2,000 toward the paving of
this road but the attorney general ruled
that the. state could donate no funds for
roads inside the corporate limits of any
city. The present plan avoids this con
flict with the law by appropriating only
labor which is not prohibited by tne
The city will lay the pavement by
day labor and the asphaltic top ill be
prepared in a plant'to be purchased by
the city or the one rented by the cm n
ty last year which is now in place en
Highland avenue a short distance from
the scene of operations on the i nrtiiind
read. The city does not plan to use the
plant used by the county ' n :-: t ye.ir
though unless the city's new piu'it fails
to arrive in time.
Market Remained Dull
With Prices Slightly Off
New York. 'March 2.1 The New
York- Evening Sun's financial review
Despite denials and modifications of
original reports, peace influences still
lingered today, and in addition the
market was restrained by the unfavor
able turn of affairs in Mexico.
Uncertainty was the keynote of the
entire session. It was reflected in thu
halting and hesitating government. First
prices, except Mexican Petroleum,
Smelting, Refining, Greene Canaden
Copper and Southern Pacific averaged
higher, and various pools tried to ad
vance war stocks under the theory that
the Mexican situation would necessitate
henvv munitions orders. The argument
Although conspicuous specialties
moved up a trifle in early dealings, the
improvement was not maintained
Mexican Petroleum broke five points,
Baldwin Locomotive, Crucible Steel and
American Locomotive reacted u point
Conditions were not changed during
the later dealings. Dullness character
ized the afternoon.
HAY BILL PASSED
Washington, Mar. 2:1. The Hay army
bill passed the house by an overwhelm
ing majority this afternoon.
Randall, of Los Angeles, voted only
"present" when his name was called.
Britten and London were the only mem
bers casting negative votes.
The bill provides for 140.000 regulars.
VILLISTA WANTS TO QUIT
K! Paso. Texas, Mar. 23.
General Reyes, Villista chief in
. I.aguna district, is negotiating
for the surrender of his forces
to Carranza, it was reported thi.i
afternoon. Commandant Gavira
nt Juarez confirmed the report
that Reyes and. his entire corn-
mnnd, one of the strongest in
the I ,li( ; tin a district, wanted
amnesty, promising to support
General Kuropatkin Sends
Half Million Men Against
MORE FORCES RUSHED TO
SMASH VON HINDENBURG
Bavarians Make Desperate
Charge and Gain Foothold
On Harcourt Hill
By Charles P. Stewart.
London, Mar. 2,1. Field Marshal Von
Hiudenburg's Germans aro being heav
ily assailed by Russian troops who
have widened the front of attack until
terrific fighting is proceeding today
along a curving line 200 miles long
southeast of Riga.
The Berlin communique said several
Russian attacks ere hurled at the Ger
man litlja illlviflir thA ,,Si,l,t nnni. T..nli.
j ...... ........ ..R ..... u,ht ,u, v.w-
si.ior, uiong imiau-iiacousiuiii runway,
north of Widen, near Lakes Narcoz and
Wisniew and south of Dvinsk,
Gencrnl Kuropatkin is bringing up
still heavier forces to smash German
railway positions, but Berlin claims
that all charges to d.ite havo been re
pulsed. Ihe extension of tne eastern front
ght in has made the battle there rival
that at Verdun, where there was a lull
last night, according to both French
and German st.iteinenls.
Berlin claimed rapture, of fortified
heights limit h oS Huueourt, where 440
French were captured. There were un
important, changes elsewhere. Paris ad
mitted losing a portion of Huueourt
Petrograd officially announced that
il lie Sl.iv attacks dented the German
line in six places. It was repotted un
officially that the battle was raging
most furious 40 miles south of Dvinsk.
Whether this smash is the beginning
of a great Slav offensive or merely a
demonstration to relievo Teuton pres
sure against Verdun has not yet been
determined by military critics. Tiie
London Post's Petrograd correspondent
declared it was tho commencement of a
"great Russian move." Ho pointed
out that Kuropatkin hns tremendous
forces at his command.
Other Petrograd messages declared
the attack was an attempt to batter in
tho dangerous German wedge at
Devinsk, removing the threat of a Ger
man offensive there when the weather
bcomes more favorable.
Northwest of Verdun the Germans
are apparently striving their utmost to
capture the dominant height in the
Avocourt region. F.merging from the
woods, the Buvarians charged across on
open plain which was raked by the firo
of many French guns. The swoop was
partly successful. Bavarians giined a
foothold on Hnrcourt hill.
Quiet For Verdun.
Paris, liar. 2:. While German sol
diers remained in their trenches on
the west bank of the Meuse and their
bnnibardincnt northwest of Verdun
slackened perceptibly, French troops at
tacked ii("ir Fii.vcuhayo and captured
a number of prisoners, it was officially
French maintained their positions on
the slopes of (laiicoiirt hill, it was
claimed. The (Ioniums have not again
attempted to enlarge their holdings
(Continued on Paga Kight.)
200 MILE FU
TO FORCE AMERICAN
MINERS AND CAPITAL
TO GET OUT OF MEXICO
By II. C. Bochme. I
(United Press stuff correspondent "i
Douglas, Ariz., Mar. 2.I. After the1
capture of Villa and his bund: ulit.ii
the last American soldier has left Mrx j
ici, will begin uu exodus from the
southern republic of thousands if Am
erican mining men, engineers an.! op r ,
t tors of the huge mines and oil fields
now flowing a stream of gold inlo th-';
Lnited States. . ;
".Mexico for the Mexicans! '' was t'lel
cry Villa shouti.d nil ulong th? riv'e'
of his retreat from Columbus.
"Tho gringo i-oldiers are lieo loj
tike onr cou-i'r fight wi ll" me o- !
Had the American nrvvance not been'
so rapid many recruits would hnvc
flocked to Villa, because every Mexican
deep down in his heart hates the gringo,
Americans who have lived all their lives
along the border and in Mexico unanim
ously agree upon this point.
Not so much because Americans took
California and Texns and all the west
ern territory, it is pointed out, but be- (
cause they are now draining the wealth i
of the couatrv, exhausting its mineral i
wealth. ' 1
BURNED ITSELF OUT
Nashville, Tenn., Mar. 2X
Fire in East Nashville had
burned itself out today. The '
property loss is estimated at
1,500,000. Many of the city's
finest residences burned when
the flames cut a swath 15
blocks wide and from one to
five blocks wide through Fast
Nashville. Hundreds are home-
less. Ojie negro perished.
Evidence of Minister's Good
ness Displayed Error In
Chico, Cul., March 2:'.. It was like
circus day here when tho jury in Rev.
Madison Slaughter's trial on ehargo of
attacking Gertrude Lamson, arrived
todav to look over the scenes of tho al
A curious throng gathered at the
depot when u special train came in car
rying Judge Gregory, (lie jury court of
ficials, Rev. Slaughter, his wife and a
number of other interested parties.
The principals entered automobiles
and proceeded through tho main streets
followed by 15 other machines Every
storekeeper ran into the road to see
.Slaughter as the long parndo moved
slowly through the business district.
Crowds lined the way.
Slaughter, with arms grimly folded,
his wifo at his- side, rode in the ton
neau of a leading motor. Arrived at
; the scene, the jury toured Slaughter's
home, and also the houses of Mrs. Wid--
den and of Gertrude Ijimson s parents.
Fluttering always beforo the eyes of
the. jurors as they investigated tho
Slaughter cottage were Ruth and Naomi
Slaughter, the pastor's daughters and
Mrs. Clark Camper. Asv the jury
strolled through orchard and house the
girls gathered flowers, fed chickens
and rabbits mid busied themselves with
Inside the cottage the jurors found
many religious mottoes on tho wulls, a
Bible open on the center table, and
other evidences of a typical country
Filtering the barn where one of the
alleged offenses is said to have been
committed, the jurors closely inspected
At the home 0f the Lamson family
they found Mrs. Lamson baking bis
cuits. There was a photograph of
Slaughter on the wall, flanked by
biblical quotations. A hymn book was
prominently displayed on Gertrude's
When the twelve men, in whose hands
Slaughter's fate rests, were about to
j enter a room, scene ot an allegeii at
! tuck, tho prosecution lawyers took a
peek into it first, then objected They
j claimed the chamber had beea changed
to resemble a workroom, with piles of
washing and junk scattered around.
Judge Gregory decided the jury
couldn't look in.
After their inspection the jurors re
turned to Oroville. The taking of lesti-
l mony will be resinned tomorrow. Argu
ments probably will begin Monday.
GALE AT SAN FRANCISCO
San Fruncisco. Mar. 2.'! Ocean steam
ers were unable to enter San Francisco
I bay todav, because of a terrific galo
' which made the bar break so heavily it
I was deemed dangerous. The ivg freigh
ter (Jcoi'fiuii of the American Hawaiian
I line, from New York, tried to filler,
but was forced to turn back.
On this point, all Mexicans arc
agreed, mining and railway men say.
These men fenr that Oenerul Carranza,
in his effort to stamp out Villa for
ever, is about to prevent another revo
lution by seizing the mines and
fields, now owned by Americans and
The action of Governor P. F.llina Cn'
les of Sonora state, in proposing to re
call all state grants mid revising the!
status o'f' claims is only B forerunner to
rid Mexico of American financiers who
Mexicans believe, are sapping tho
According to de facto government of
ficials winking under Cnllcs, federal
grants will not be affected. But in
terested Americans epriss fear thnt
the system to be spread to all states
of Mexico and the plan of taxes, etc.,
will be such us to make work by Ameri
In order to rid the country of Vll'iv.
Carranza, many Mexicans do"'iir, wi'l
gladly recognize the demands of Za
pata. What Zapata wants is "Mexico
for Mexicans," peon and cientitico
; iiuniuiiJ I li iiuuit
I ABOUT MEXICANS
Chb Made That General
Herrara's Command Had
. Joined Villa
COLONEL CANO SAID
TO HAVE QUIT CARRANZA
No Word of Villa's Where
abouts Has Been Received
Since Monday -
By E. F. Conkle.
(United Press stnff correspondent.)
Kl Paso, Texas, Mar. 23. Tho pre
dicted uprising against Americans in
Mexico is under way, it wae feared to
day. Reports that large forces of C'ar
ranzista troops had deserted the "firs
chief" and had gone over to Francisco
Villa, persisted, but wero without con
firmation. There has been no word of Vili""--whereabouts
since Monday. It is be
lieved he escaped the net of soldier
which partially enveloped hiin Colonel
Cano's 000 Carranzista troops who wero
reported to have defeated the Vidistrn
at Namiquina arc now reported to havu
changed sides and to have joined the
outlaw's following. This would explain
(iunorul Gavira ' silence with regard
to tho outcome of that encounter.
Unless the American vanguard re
turned to its base when it heard the
Villistas wero rapidly increasing in
numbors, army men believe the United.
States trotops to bo hot on the bandit's
trail. The Americans were near Namt
quipa on Monday. In addition, 2,0rtO
Carrnnzi-stas under General Luis Herr
ra are reported marching from Chi
huahua toward tho Villistas.
Following Cano's action, constitution
alist garrisons in Torreon and Chihi,.?
hua were reported to have miitined
and declared in favor of Villa. Fiv
thousand former Villrstns who wen;
given amnesties nnd permitted to enlist,
in the de facto army when Villa'a gen
erals surrendered lit Juarcj last fall
aro believed among the dmicrtcrs.
Fear Local Uprising.
Fenrs of a local uprising v.em morn
acuto following tho arrest if Melc'inr
Herrcra, brother of Luis Herrern. Re
ports that the Carranza Rtrrison in
Juarez wus on the verge of revolt has
resulted in the reinforcereents of the
strong border guard he-.i. flenerni
Gavira nnd Major Preto of .Tnnr, are
snid to be split on the question of how
to treat Americuns in Mexico.
Consul Garcia tnduy formally denied
that Oenerul Luis Herrcra had revolted.
Ho also cast further doubt on 'he al
leged clash of Villa with Oenerul
Cano's command. Garcia deebrvd his:
advices made no mention of a fight at
The report that Namiq'iina has re
volted for Villa, nnd that Colonel Cnno
hnd joined him, was received iver the
Mexico Northwestern wiro be for? th
censorship was agnin enforced Ihe
report caused General George TteH ti
ceasn bis attempt to use th.t Moico
Northwestern in shipping supplies to
Pi.reet cars running between .Tuarei
hnd Kl Paso are being halted utter
dark. The authorities fnid th.-y know
of no danger, but explained tint the
cac crews were nervous and thnt they
did not want to lake any rlmieea
Arrests of suspected Villn symi-ithiz-ers
nlong the bonW con!;nii',d, with
tho Kl Paso jail already crowded
Among those in prison here were two
generals and six colonels who served
under Villa, some of them as recently
as tho battle of Agua Prietn.
Rumors tn Washington.
Washington. Mar. 2.'!.-For tho firt
time since Villa star-ed his border raid
ing, tho government today serioirsly
considered the possibility of militia,
forces heing a necessity on the Interna
tional boundary. Kvery available
ulnr may be needed to cope with tho
Villista field forces when they ari r tin
forced by deserting Ciirrnnzistns.
If tho entire regular army border
forno mnrched into Mexico, it is re
lieved President Wifaon would have t
(Continued on P(f Fiwht
night and Fri