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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1916)
35 JC jjc 3c 3t fc 3fC (C
OVER 4000 DAILY
f Efll o
d lojln in nunj
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS $kllfl
Supposed Bandits Have Cut
Wires, and Wireless Is Out
J cf Communication
REPORTED VILLA HAS
FLED TO MOUNTAINS
Texas Rangers Round Up
Villa Sympathizers Who
Send Him Munitions
i:i Paso, Texas, Mar. 22. All efforts
to get in communication with General
J, Pershing's American columns failed
early today. The field telegraph. Cut
in 2S places, and the light wireless
outfit carried by tho expedition both
luoved useless. It is believed certain
that tho wire was cut by roving bandits
or Villa sympathizers who got between
the Americnins and the border. The ex
ait trouble with the wireless has not
been ascertained, but efforts are stili
being made at army headquarters to
communicate with the expedition by
(ieneral Gnvirn at Juarez made an ef
fort to get in touch with the column by
using the railroad wire to Casas Gran
iles. This also failed. It is supposed
the line was broken by bandits in a
raid on railway communications. No
word of the amount of damage done
was to be had, however, constitutional
ist officials protesting ignorance.
Meanwhile, somewnere deep in Mex
ico behind this curtain of silence the
American are supposedly pursuing
their task of running down Francisco
Villa and his men. There is a report
current here that Villa . himself has not
participated in any fighting yet, the
conclusion being that. he. left it to
some of his followers, while he himself
hurried toward one of . his lurking
places in the inountiuns. If it is true
that Villa wan present at the skirmish
ing around Kamiquipn, army men be
lieve it reasonable to suppose that he
and his men have already clashed with
the Americans somewhere in that re
gion. At last accounls, before communica
tions failed, the expedition vanguard
was only Ho miles from Namiquipa.
Should it have come 'face to face with
"I'nncho" nnd his outlaws those who
know Villa believes he would have split
his army into many small bodies and
would have spread out in all directions,
making the American forces divide into
groups nnd fight him guerilla fashion.
CaiTanza Troops Unreliable.
Border reports today stili had it that
there was moro or less serious-disaffection
among sumo of Onrranzn's troops.
While fnilli wns manifested in C'arranza
many doubted his army would obey him
in all things. American women, wives
of officers, schol teachers and others
who live in smnll towns around El Taso
have come here so a, o be on the safe
side in case of a break.
Texas rangers are rounding up all
border Mexicans suspected of being Vil
la sympathizers. Many of the suspects
have admittedly been" engaged in ship
ping ammunition across the Rio Grande.
At Vsleta, 12 miles east of here, arrest
ed following discovery of a plot to
transport machine guns Into Mexico
A new column headed bv the Kig'hth
cavalry is believed making" reodv to en
ter Mexico, riding southward over the
oni Mnugglers trad. General Bell will
rdahly command. J
(Continued on P.-7o Sven.1 I
What's become o' the mother who
let her boy wear curls till he wuz It
years olef Yes, an' what become o' th'
lnyf We'd never know some fellers'
middle names if ther wives didn't git
in th ' social columns.
1 BEEN GUI uFF
TO CALL FOR VOLUNTEERS
Washington, Mar. 22. Sen-
ator Sherman introduced a
resolution today authorizing
President Wilson" to call 5n,(IOO
volunteers for service in Mex-
ieo. He asked that it be passed
EAST NASHVILLE FIRE
Carried by High Wind Sweeps .
All Before It 15,000 Are
MAY WIPE OUT CITY
Nashville, Tenn., Mar. 22.
East Nashville, including some
of the finest residences, is
threatened with destruction by
fire this afternoon. The blaze
originated in a negro's cabin.
Over 20 houses have been burn
ed, and two blocks razed. The
fire department appears pow
erless. Outside aid has tieea
asked. 'High winds are spread
ing the flames.
The early damage was confin
ed mostly to shacks and a few
cheap buildings,! but insurance
experts said that even if the
wind should cease 15,000 would
be made homeless.
N'nshville, Tenn., Mar. 22. Although
every available piece of fire fighting
apparatus in Nashville and adjoining
eilies was battling tiie flames sweep
ing East Nashville this afternoon, the
blaze continued to gain. Governor Tom
('. Rye called out state militia to aid
police and firemen.
At 4 p. m. tiie conflagration showed
no signs of nbatin;;. Only tiie Cumber
land river, separating tho business dis
trict from the portion now wrapped in
flames can save the whole city from de
struction, it is feared.
Neighboring cities even some dis
tance away are sending engines on spe
cial trains, but every dydraut is busy
now, and the additional apparatus will
be of little use.
Traveling with terrifying speed, the
flames have already eaten a pathway
three blocks wide and a mile long
through the heart of the best residence
district. Three churches were engulfed
in the fire.
Market Was Stagnant
Prices Took a Tumble
New York, Mar. 22 The New York
Evening Sun's financial review today
Trices were irregular and uncertain
during the first three hours, but during
that, perioil Reactionary tendencies pre-1
dominated. Peace discussions contin
ued to make their influence felt.
Tiie heavy opening wherein war stocks
lost ground was clearly the result of
overnight reports that Germany had in
timated the time for pence negotiations
had arrived. Despite the state depart-!
nient s denial the wide circulation or
these rumors confused the public, and
The extreme narrowness of the mar
ket was indicated by such declines as
10 points in General Motors, fifteen in
liethlehem Steel and the almost com
plete neglect of railways. Coppers were
mostly dull. Mercantile Marine pre
ferred was the only conspicuously
strong stock this forenoon. I. ate trad
ing was not marked bv an expansion
of business, and speculative conditions
WHEN BLOOD IS SHED
By H. C. Boehme. I
d'nited Press staff correspondent.)
Douglas, Ariz., Mar. 22. Scattered!
along the border, reaoy at 'five minutes'
notice to increase protection to a mi t-!
lion Americans immediately north of
the international line, is the finest but j
smallest army in the world. i
Where 10,000 soldiers hold five miles
of front in northern France, slightly'
more than that number guard 2.000 1
miles which separates the United States;
from Mexico, i
Visitors at Douglas and other frontier
places where troops have mobilized;
since the Columbus affair continually;
remark upon the personnel of the New
United States army.
There has been no Increase in the
number of higher officers but non-com-1
missioned officers have been uniformed!
to resemble their superiors more. Ser
geants and corporals under the regula-'
tions wear leather puttees, boots, and,
breeches which only the trained eye can
distinguish from commissioned officers':
The troopers are clean cut, close shav
en, almost to the extreme, and except'
PARIS, TEXAS, HAS
11 ,000,000 BLAZE,
I 10,000 HOMELESS
Swath From Two to Ten
Blocks Wide Swept Clean
BUSINESS SECTION IS
All But 15 of the City's 140
Business Blocks Are
Masses of Cinders
FIRE CONTROLLED TODAY
Paris, Texas, Mar. 22. Threo
arc dead, 10,000 homeless and
from $7,000,000 to $10,000,000
damage has been caused by a
fire which devastated two
thirds of the city. The flames
were finally extinguished to
any. One hundred business blocks
were destroyed including 25
dynamited to checlt the blaze.
Between 1,500 and 2,000 dwell
ings were burned. Many were
injured, some probably fatally.
Tour are known dead. The
body of James Rector was
found buried in the wreckage of
his home at Monon. At Mont
pelier, Gertrude Alspneh, aged
4, was killed.
Paris, Texas, Mar. 22. With two
thirds of the city's residential and
business districts wiped out by 'flames
which left a funnel shaped wake from
two to 10 blocks wide across the city,
the total loss as the result of the fire
which raged all night was estimated
today from $2,000,000 to $.'!,000,000,
with 10,000 homeless. One man, John
Straub, was burned to death in his
Homeless and destitute families are
being relieved by the crty. Half the
population of Furis is without shelter.
Thousands went without breakfast this
morning. Urgent appeals for groceries
and money have been sent to neigh
There is not a dry goods store, drug
store, hotel or wholesale grocery left in
the city. Among the buildings destroyed
were two newspaper plants, the court
house, postoffice, Telegraph office,
high school, three churches, scVerall
apartment houses, two hotels and many
The fire started in the Long Trans
portation company warehouse and
spread with great rapidity to the Paris
Cotton compress. While thousands 'fled
from their homes, throwing furniture
and valuables into the street, the blaze
swept over the public square and ate
into the north side residence district.
Tire fighting apparatus was rushed
from Dallas, Honey Grove, Bonham and
from Hugo, Okla. Every citizen wns
pressed into service. Many bucket bri
gades were formed. The water supply
was none too plentiful, nnd at midnight
the fire had taken a:! but 15 of the
citv's 140 business blocks.
Hot Slaw: Hot slaw is preferred by
many people to cold slaw, and may be
very easily made by heating some ordi
when doing only the most arduous 'fa
tigue duty uniforms are always pressed
and look "new"
Travelers who have seen the fight
ing men of Europe, passing through
camps of the "new" army, place it on
a par if not above any army now at
war. But every one of these observers
remark upon the insignificance of the
"A wonderful mnchtne," they say,
"but hopelessly small."
Residents of these border places take
a similar view of the situation. They
appreciate the fighting quality of the
men. but have a fear of Mexico which
an adequate army they say would allev
iate. Judge A. A. Richardson, legal repre
sentative for the de facto government
of Mcxico,( an American who learned
the Mexican language before he master
ed English, declared that it took him
40 vears to learn the Mexican eharne
ter, to find only when war came that
he did not know it at all.
"I am afraid for our boys down
theref" he said, "when the first blood
is shed, American also will learn thej
GREAT FIRE IN KANSAS
Kansas City, yo., Mar. 22.
Prairie fires driven by strong
winds did heavy damage in
Kansas today. The Cushing oil
field reported more than $1,-
000,00 loss there alone.
Reports from Wichita said
flames were sweeping over miles
of grass lands, killing livestock
and destroying farm build-
No casualties have been re-
Are Needed to Guard Lines of
Armies In Mexico
Washington. Mar. 22. From all sec
tions of tho United States troops sped
to the border today in instant response
to Major General Fred Funston's ap
peal for reinforcements.
At 4 a. in. Colonel Wilder and four
troops of the Fifth cavalry from Fort
Meyer, across the Potomac from Wash
ington, started for Columbus, N. M. on
a special train.
Squadrons will be en route to the bor
der from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas;
Fort Sheridan, III., and Fort D. A.
Russell, Wyo., this afternoon.
Funston 's latest dispatches indicated
that (ieneral Pershing was nearing the
Villista fighting line. Reports that
Pershing's communications ha J beea
cut were disturbing, though the break
was believed due to military difficul
ties rather than to treachery.
More supplies are being urged for
Pershing. Officials admitted that if
they diii not reach him in a few days
the condition might become serious.
The stato department and Carranzis
ta representatives are rushing work on
the protocol under which further oper
ations in Mexico are to be conducted.
Its essential features have been agreed
upon, nnd the u'f.iil are now beijig
worked out. '
May Raid In Army's Rear.
San Antonio. Tex., Mar. 22. With
General Pershing's men reported at
Lake Babricosa, Colonel Dodd betwen
El V.ille and Namiquipa and a third
American column near Carmen, contact
with Francisco Villa was regarded as
inevitable today, if the bandit is still
hemmed in between the fast moving ex
peditionary force and Carranzistas to
If Villa has given them the slip and
won his goal in the Guerrero fastness,
it is conceded the chase will last weeks
and perhaps months.
The significance of Major General
Fred Funston's e ill for reinforcements
was admittedly due to a necessity of
strengthening the American lines of
communication. Army men tear vn
listas may have been purposely left be
hind when their leader fled, suddenly
to raid in Pershing's rear and leave
the Americans isolated in a pro-Villa
Extension of the censorship to El
Paso was hinted if Carranza permits
use of Mexican railways for military
purposes. The American base may then
be transferred from Columbus to El
Pneumonia Thins Ranks.
El Pasi, Tex., Mar. 22. Sickness is
thinning the American ranks in Mexico.
Several soldiers arrived here for
treatment today. They said soldiers are
dropping most from pneumonia. By day
they suffer from intense heat. At night
they almost freeze. This, say the ar
rivals, has produced a pneumonia epi
demic of serious proportions.
A week's hard marching on meagre
rations from following months of hearty
feeding in camps caused many to fall
by the wayside. The worst cases are
being sent back to the border.
Private K. J. Harding, Company A,
Sixtenth infantry said pneumonia was
the most prevalent complaint.
of uisoraeriy tonauct
The jury in the case of the City of
Salem against George W. Sheppard, last
night returned a verdict of guilty to
the charge of disorderly conduct. The
complaining witness was E. W. Wyntt
who testified that Sheppard struck him
with his fist. It was brought out in the
testimony of the defendant's witness
that Wyatt hen ran back to his own
home ami secured a gun. He swore
out a conndaint rharging Sheppard
with disorderly conduct anil the case
was tried out in police court before a
jury. Sheppard was fined $15 which
he "paid. The jury in its verdict recom
mended the leniency of the court in
placing a buoy near the north jetty.
Astoria. Or., Mar. 22. Three men of
the crew of Ihe lighthouse tender Man
zanita were drowned today while re
placing a broy near the north jetty.
The buoy broke adrift and one of the
ships boats with six men was launched
to replace it. The boat capsized in
the breakers on Peacock spit. The life
saving crew from Fort Canby immedi
ately went to the assistance of the meu,
but succeeded in rescuing only three.
GALE RAGES OVER
One Killed, Many Hurt and
Houses Wrecked at Log
THREE COACHES BLOWN
FROM RAILROAD TRACK
Fears Felt for Lake Vessels
Wires Down and Details
Indianapolis, Ind., Mar. 22 Blizzards
and gales cost at least two lives and did
property damage which may mount well
into the thousands in Illinois, Michigan
and Indiana today.
W. J. Rickets was killed at Logans
port when the roof of a broom factory
was ripped away, crashing into his
At Marion, R. Williams was killed as
he slept. The wind sent bricks from
a wrecked chimney through the roof
of hi sfarmhouse. His wife was badly
A girl was reported killed nenr Mont
pclicr, where houses and churches were
A Clovcrleaf train wns blown from
the track near Marion, two men being
so severely hurt they were taken
to the hospital. Many others narrowly
Trains nnd iuterurban earn were do
lnen at Detroit by the worst blizzard
in several years. ,
Fear Vessels Wrecked.
Chicago, Mar. 22. Terrific gales ac
companied by blizzards damaged noth
eastern Illinois during the night. Day
light " revealed ' houses lilown over at
Kankakeo and Pitwood. Many wires
were down and fragmentary reports fil
tered in from the affected areas.
Fears were felt for safety of the
freighter Arizona, which sailed last
night for Manitowoc. The steamer
Maywood was forced to put in for shel
ter nt Waukegan. Three men on an
iceboat were driven hy the gale into a
water hole on Lake Monona, Wis,, and
Steel Coach Saved Them,
Marion, Ind., Mar. 22. Good luck
and a steel car saved many from prob
ably werious injury when tho wind
swept three coaches of a Cloverlenf
passenger train from the tracks and
tc.mbieo' them down a steep embank
ment. Although two enrs rolled completely
over, only two men were hurt badly to
necessitate an ambulance call.
During the high wind, fire destroy
ed a drug store in the Iinquis block, the
largest in town. Twenty-five thousand
dollars wns the total loss.
R. Williams, farmer, was killed as
ho slept in bed and his wife wns se
riously injured when the gale toppled
his chimney, sending bricks crashing
through the roof.
Damage May Be Great.
Indianapolis, Ind., Mar. 22. Sweep
ing northern Indiana shortly after mid-
(Continued from Page Three.)
DRAMATIC SCENES AT
CASAS GRANDES WHEN
EI Paso, Texas, Mur. 22. Brought
from their hiding places, United Stales
flags wcro dusted off and once more
unfurled in the sun when Colonel
Dodd's cavalrymen galloped into Casas
Grandes, saving American .Mormons
there from the Villista menace, accord
ing to stories told by arrivals from that
The rescue scene wns dramatic. For
days the settlers had lived in hourly
terror of a Villistas raid. Mexicans at
I Cnsas Grandes shouldered them awny.
I When uews of the expedition entering
! arrived, their fears were increased.
They believed it would take days for
the troops to cross Chihuahua desert,
and in the meantime more bandit out
rages were expected.
Hut Dodd's eavnlrvmen made record
I uT.eed noma the wilderness. Two days
from the minute they crossed the bord
er, settlers looked toward the northern
I horizon to see a cloud of dust. Panic
reigned. They could think of nothing
but a horde of Villistas, fleeing before
the soldiers anil murdering as they
The cheering of men who had gone
out ready to fight brought to women,
; in their hiding places, the nrst inti
mation that Americans and not Mex
icans were appronching under the dust
'cloud. Then the stnrs and stripes were
'brought out, men shouted, women wept
3 5(C 3c 3fc jfc jC 3t 3(C )C 3fC
San Francisco, Mar. 22.
Bearing 144.000 signatures, tho
nomination petitions for pro-
gressive delegates to tho nation- s
al convention at Chicago, June
2, were ready for filing here
this afternoon. They will bo
filed either this evening or to-
day. Petitions were still com-
ing in late today from all parts
of the state.
Next-Door Neighbor Gives
Direct Lie to Those Trying
to Make Out Alibi
Oroville, Cal., Mar. 22. Giving tho
lie to Gertrude Lamson's parents, Mrs.
Thomas Whidden, a next door neigh
bor of Rev. Madison Slaughter, charged
with attacking the girl, testified in his
trial today that Gertrude was at her
house on November 13 and 14.
Her parents had sworn that sho was
at home on those dates, (lertrudo her
self testified she visited the Sluughtor
residenco Novomber 13 and 14 and was
attacked by him.
Mrs. Whiilden fixed the dates of Ger
trude's visits by saying Mrs. Grein, al
so a member of Slaughter's congrega
tion, came on those dates, to give her
a sponge bath as she was sick in bed.
Gertrude heated the water and aided
Mrs. Grein, she testified.
Judge Gregory strongly admonished
Defense Attorney Schooler for asking
alleged insulting questions. Schooler
asked Mrs. Whidden if she remembered
the date so clearly because that was the
occasion of her first hath. The court
forced Schooler to retire us questioner
of Mrs. Whidden, nnd his assistant, U.
It. Kennedy, took the witness. Mrs.
Whidden 's husband threatened to
"have a settlement" witii Schooler.
Mrs. Whidden was so overcome she
was unable to remain on the stand long
afterward, and was excused. Her hus
band, followed her. He corroborated his
wife, and furthermore asserted he
guided Gertrude Lninson to tho door
of the Slaughter house with a lantern
on the night of November 14. Ho said
lie saw her next morning at daybroak
when sho returned to his place next
Blackmail Stories Will
be Published by Star
Seattle, Wash., Mar. - 22. The tem
porary injunction issued yesterday by
Superior Judge Ronald, ou application
of attorneys for Puttie (loots, Lillian
Peterson and Isabel Clayburg, in which
the Seattle Star wns ordered not to pub
lish its advertised stories by Mrs. Clay
burg, was dissolved today.
Attorney John II. Perry, for tho Stnr,
argued that tho order was clearly in de
fiance of the newspaper's constitution
The Star announces today that it will
publish the first of the Clayburg stories
Mrs., Clayburg, under arrest in Los
Angeles, is fighting extradition to Se
attle for trial on charges of complicity
in activities here of an alleged black
mail gang which plucked rich victims
with nu elaborate "badger" game.
A husband, wishing to reprove hii
wife politely for throwing pottery a
him, may say: "Here, woman, cut out
the ceramics. "
hh the Yankee troopers urged their
I wiMiry mounts to u last gullop into the
Children ran out with fruit for the
.tired soldiers, water was carried to
them, women cooked fur them. Tho Mor
mons produced hay and forage for tho
horses that made the march Funston
called "spendid." Mexicans sullenly
watched the demount rut ion.
Marion, John and lob Vance, whose
father had been reported executed, ar-
' rived nt Casas Grundes telling ul a
I perilous journey from their home in
i Colonia Chihuahua. En route they bare-
ly escaped a Villa band.
Colonel Dodd's cavalry rodo through
Casas Grnndes, the main body encamp
I ing in the outskirts, rrenernl Persh
ling's men joined the vanguard with a
' base at Pultlan, outside Casas Grandes,
where wireless equipment and aviation
headquarter were erected.
Refugees coming in said they did not
i see Americans along the Mexican
, Northwest railroad, and that they had
j heard nothing of figuring between Vil
listas and Carranzistns.
j Bishop Hurst of the Mormon church
j planned to leave Juarez on a train car
rying supplies to settlers at Publnn.
I The American Mormons refused to start
! for tho bonier, believing I'nited States
'troops sufficient protection until Lull-
uitry is wiped out.
LIQ01D FIRE USED
BY GERMANS AIDS
111 i! GAINS
Artillery Showered Shrapnel
and High Explosives 0a
French In Vain ..
BUT SHEETS OF FLAME
Paris Insists Shifting of At
tack by Germans Is Con
fession of Failure
By Charles P. Stewart.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
London, Mar, 22. Liquid fire playeil
its most successful role since the war
began when it enabled German troops
to make an advance at a point 10 miles
northeast of Verdun.
Reports received in London today
said that German artillery showered
shrapnel and high explosives on the
French positions in tho Avoeourt wood
without success. But jets of liquid flam
and billows of smoke drove the French,
from several hundred yards of trenches
southeast of Malancourt,
This now success menaced nevcrat
sqnaro miles of French positions north
west of Verdun. Latest Paris dispatches
however, insist that the shifting Ger
man attack is n confession of failure.
Russian victories have convinced P
critics that the Vcraun offensive will
soon be abandoned.
By their gain at Avoeourt. the Ger
mans arrived within seven miles of the
St. Menehould railway, over which sup
plies are carried for most o'f the French
positions around Verdun. If the (!o--mans
fail to squeeze the French out
from, their northwestern positions, ther
may suddenly change front and smnMi
southward in an attempt to seize this
German Steamer Torpedoed.
Bucharest, Mar. 22 Russian warship
off Kcliakra, Rumania, Sunday tor
pedoed nnd -sank the 7,000 ton German
steamer Espernnzn bound for Constanti
nople with a cargo of fond. Dispatches
said tho crew was raptured. The Es
perunza flew Spanish and Russian flags.
Turks Still Retreating.
Amsterdam. Mar. 22. Turkish troops
have evacuated Erzinuan where the
sultan's men established their hend-
qnartcrs when Erznrum was lost, Bu
charest dispntchos said today. Before
lenving they blew up their ammunition
A Lull at Verdun.
Paris, Mar. 22. Although German
cannon kept up a' constant uproar dur
ing the night northwest of Verdun,
there wns no attempt nt infantry opera
tions, the war office communique said
Tho bombardment, was especially
heavy around Malancourt and Haucourt
Hill. Shells poured into the village of
fsnesbesncs on the Menso cast bank.
Cannonading continued between Vaux
Russians Continue Assaults.
Berlin, Mar. 22. General Kuroputk
in's Russians continue their assaults
south and southeast of Riga today, it
was officially announced. Tho attack
More trenches in Vvocourt woods
have been captured tho announcement
The French taken prisoners in recent
German gains around Verdun now total
2,072, it was claimed. Artillery firing
proceeded on both banks of the Meuso
last night, but there was no intar.iry
work except the Vocouit smash.
Three allied iicroplnnes were "wing
ed" and brought down by Oerma.i
guns north of Verdun.
At Obersept, Alsace, a French ad
vance was checked.
German counter attacks northwest of
Poatnwy netted f)N4 prisoners. The Rus
sians have been battling heavily against
. . . . . i . . .1 n'L..
me Hermans mere lor iwo uuy. icj
were successful only ut Narocz lake.
Last night they attacked southwest
of Jacobstadt, southeast of Riga, south
of DvinsK, nortn or wiucy, neur
(Continned on F Hi
night and Thurs
day, ruin; south