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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (April 17, 1891)
"I, ' '
He who thinks to please the World is dullest of hip kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half Is yet behind.
LEIJANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 17. 1891.
W. B. DON AC A,
Groceries and Provisions,
Cigars, Tobacco, Furnishing Goods,
First-Class Goods at
GIVE ME A TRIAL
Country Produce Taken iix Exchange lor
KEEP ON HANI) A STOCK OF
Shingles, Posts, Boards and Tickets.
W. C. Petkrsox,
PETERSON & GARLAND,
Real Estate Brokers
HAVE OX HAND
In Larffe and Small Farms. Best Fruit Land In Valley. Finest Grain Ranches In
the World. Improved and Unimproved Land, from $4 per Acre and up.
Satisfaction Guaranteed. Have on hand sonie CHOICE CITY
PROPERTY. Residence and Business. Bargains
In all Additions to the Town.
Houses Rented and Farms Leased.
London ft Liverpool & Globe Insurance Co.
Guardian Assurance Co., of London.
Oakland Home Insurance Co., of Oakland, Cal.
i ; ; State Insurance Co., of Salem, Oregon.
Farmers and Merchants Ins. Co., of Salem
Collections Receive Prompt Attention.
iMvoBure m giving our patrons an lniormauoa aeeirea in our line oi Dusiness.
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
' LEBANON", OBEGON.
J. K. WEATH ERFORD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
AU&AXY, ..... OREGON.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
J. L. COWAN. J. M. RALSTON
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
ACCOUNTS KEPT SUBJECT TO
'Exchange sold on New York, San
raneitio, Portland and Albany, Org
Collections made on favorable terms
R. L. McCLURE
(SucfieMor to C. HL Harmon.)
Barter : and : Hairdresser.
Shaving, Haircutting- and Shampoo
ing in the latest and best style. Spec
ial attention paid to dressing- Ladies1
hair. Your patronage respectfully so
le i ted.
ED. EELLENBEBGER. Prep.
Fresh & Salted Beef, Pork, Mut
ton, Sausage, Bologna & Ham.
BACOK km IABD ALWAYS ON HAND
" Mmtm Dtrmm ftlMHw. Ore.
AND EE CONVINCED.
Sam'l 51. Garlaxd,-
Notary Business a Specialty. We take
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
Main Street. Iebnn, Oregon
A Good Shave, Shampoo, Hair
Cut, Cleaned or Dressed.
Hot and Cold Baths at all Hours.
Children Kindly treated. Calland see mc.
The Catholics of Manitoba are vig
orously but vainly protesting against
the bill abolishing separate schools.
The pope is confined to his bed with
stomach troubles. 1
Earl Granville is dead.
The Russian wheat crop is very un
promising. Manufacturers throughout Germany
are forming associations similar to
that organized by the Hamburg cigar
manufacturers, which carried them
through to success in their struggle
with the cigar makers.
A woman who was once Miss Eveline
Leal of Shropshire, England, has been
arrested in Paris for swindling the
forty-third man whom she has
married and deserted before night
with what valuables she could get.
The Cork courthouse was burned
March 27 during the trial of O'Brien,
Daiton and others accused of rioting.
The court barely escaped. "When the
flagstaff bearing the Union Jack fell
the crowd cheered lustily. The jury
disagreed as to Gill and Daiton and
acquitted the others.
Minister of Finance Baltchieff was
shot dead on the streets of Sofia March
27. It is believed that Prime Minister
Stambouloff, who was walking with
Baltchieff, was the object of the at
tack of the assassin, who escaped in
The Russians have been massing
troops on the Austrian and German
frontiers and the assassination of
Baltchieff, the Bulgarian minister of
finance, is attributed to Russian em is- j
sanets wuu ueaiit w kiu jrnme min
The Pamelhtes were defeated in the
EAST AND SOUTH
Southern Pacific Bouto.
THH MOUNT SHASTA ROUTR.
EXPRESS TRAINS LKaVK POKTLAKD DAILY I
IrtW P. H.l l.v
10:93 P.M. I 1.7
10:1ft A.M. I Ar
Portland Arf:3 A. M
AtUauy Ar6:lB A. M.
Bati Franolseo It 9 AW p. m.
Above trains stop only at the following station
north of Kuwburg : Kami Portland, Oreum (Illy,
Wood burn. Salem, Albany, Tautfeut, 8httt,
Ualaey, UarrUburc, JuucUan cliy, lrrtusand
Raieburg M allDally.
li:UiXM.TLv" Portland At :rpT
19; J. M . 1 l.v Alt mu y Ar 19:00 M.
S:o P. M. f Ar Koenburg ly t M A.
Albany Loml Ifctlly Except Sunday.)
0f. H.TXt Portland
9 MO p. M. I Ar Albany !.
Loral FaniiKr Trains Dally
8 :10 A. M
i:H P. N
3 tit) P. M
7 d0 A. M.
8 :44 A. M.
PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS.
Tourist Bleeping Oars
For accommodation of Reoond-Clana Paasengvra.
attached to Exprena train.
WEST RIIK DIVISION.
BETWEEN PORTLAND AND C0RVAMJ8.
Mail Train Dally (Exwpt Sunday.)
T: A.M. I Lt Portland Ar j 8 3Ur.ll.
la :io p. m. I Ar o.rvam la it &$ p. m.
At Albany and Corvallls connect with trains of
Orvon Partita Railroad.
(Bxpmn Train Dally Eieept Sanday.)
4 :40 P. M. I Lr
ortland Ar 18:30 A.M.
t-Hlnurllle L.T I 9:45 A. M.
I r. M. Ar
SyThmuirh U-ktB to all points East and South.
For tickets and full tnfonnatluii rrirut !u
ru iimjw, etc, call on Co's agvut at!.hanoa.
K. KOfciUI.KK, K. 1'. ROOK KM.
Uanacer. Aat a. F. As P. Aft
The Canadian Pacific and New
York Central have combined to make
an international overland line from
A reciprocity treaty is under dis
cussion between Mexico and the
Newfoundland refuses to allow Can
adians to get herring for bait but soils
The Arkansas legislature asks for
election or united States senators
bydUeet popular vote.
Sprwkcls is reported to have crone
into the sutrar trust, which will keep
up the price and pocket thebountj
All the directors of the New York
Central railroad, including Chauncey
Depew, have been indicted for heat
ing ears with stoves, contrary to law,
which stoves caused a tire and loss of
life in a ease of a railroad wreck.
The striking clothing cutters, trim
mers and foremen of Rochester have
OBr.v) ;heir connection with the
Knights of Labor and many of them
have gone back to work.
Italian laborers on a railroad at
Alton, V. Va., murdtred Section Boss
A. B. McCauley because ho saiil the
Matin members were served right in
the New Orleans lvnching. Thev then
stripped his body and dragged it over
tne ground until it was torn in pieces.
A double-barreled shot-gun was fired
into a schoolhouse near Liberty,
Miss., March 28, while the buildiug
was full of colored teachers and pupils
at an exhibition, and fourteen persons
were wounded. There is no clew to
the would-be murderer.
Dr. F. H. Moleskey has been driven
from the town of Freedom, 111., by a
mob of women who became convinced
that he was a quack and had been
treating them with nothing but bread
Mrs. A. W. GifTord, a wealthy woman
of St. Louis, who was cured of a
nervous disorder bythe faith cure and
then went to preaching and practicing
the cure, has gone insane.
The backbone of the Indiana build
ing trades' troubles has been broken.
The General Contractors' Association
and Carpenters' Union arrived at a
compromise. The agreement pro
vides for a permanent arbitration
committee, eight hours for a day's
work, overtime at time and a half,
and Sunday and holidav work at
double time. The carpenters agree
to work with non-union men in the
A saloon at Bloomville. O.. was
pulled down and the liquor destroyed.
The saloon man, Miller by name, got
a new stock and opened again, when
he and his barkeeper were assaulted
by a crowd of citizens and given an
hour to leave town.
The Cramp shipbuilding firm has
bought the I. V. Morris iron works,
one of the largest in the country, ad
joining the shipyard.
A counterfeit $2 silver certificate is
out in which, for the first time, the
government s silk thread in the paper
is almost perfectly imitated. The
government has stopped printing $2
certificates until it can get plates en-
gravea ror a new aesign, varying
from the counterfeited one.
John Broderick. a New York letter
carrier, cut his throat March 27, hav
ing gone insane rrom tne excessive
use of cigarettes.
Texas fever is raging among stock
The grip is raging in Chicago.
William Brown, a striking steel-
mill hand at Chester, Fa., was killed
while engaged with others in an at
tack on non-union workmen April 1.
Nineteen Italian immigrants were
refused a lauding at New York April
3 under the new law. Some were dis
eased and others were paupers.
The discovery of a mutilated body
in a trunk at New York has been ex
plained by the confession of a Span
iard named Gonzales that. at. San .Tosa
Guatemala, he lured Carlos Santi-
Danez, a rich banker, to his house
and, with the aid of his mistress and
another Spaniard, murdered the
banker, robbed him and shinned the
body to New York.
The natives on the island of Aniimn
in the Mozambique channel, have re
belled against the Arab chief whom
the French had placed over them and
have massacred 300 persons. The
island is twenty-six by eighteen miles
in size and is packed with 13,000
An Ictoal S.wlnff-room.
There Is nothing in the arrangement
of the house that contributes more to
the general comfort of all than set
ting apart one room for sewing. Let
this room be small or large, it serves
well It purpose. If the family room Is
used for the general sewing, when
every one Is liable to be rushed with
such work In the full and spring, and
the family dressmaker and seamstress
are steady members of the householi
it Is in a continual litter, V is the
source of continual care to save It f rom
being so. In the sewing-room the
machine may be kept securely locked
up If necessary from children's lingers.
Here may also be kept the convenient
form on which dresses are draped and
hung without the waste of the strength
and time of some person who is
selected to serve as " form." Such a
room should be sunny, but as simply
furnished as possible, except wltii
useful furniture. A sewing ta'uie, a
machine, a chest of drawers to con
tain materials to be made up, patterns
anil mending, low, comfortable sew
ing chairs, a dainty, standard work
basket and a low screen to be used
when needed In fitting before the
window may be Included In necessary
furniture of this room. The floor of
the sewing-room should be made of
hard wood, polished or shellaced, but
If this Is not attainable, a floor cover
ing of matting or some material from
which threads may be readily brushed
will answer the same purpose. A
closet should be connected with this
room, with a shelf In which are hooks
where skirts which are finished may
be hung. The chief charm of the
sewing-room lies in the ability of the
worker to lay down her work in hur
ried moments at night at any Btage,
draw the curtain and lock the door,
and take up the work in the same
place the next day without the care of
putting it away at night, or taking it
out in the morning. A cabinet of
simple construction should hang on
the wall to hold small articles, includ
ing tailors' chalk to mark out darts
and other parts of patterns and other
things, w here a sewing-room is im
possible, a rug of linen crash under
the machine large enough to half
cover the room will be a great con
venience. Almost at a moment's
notice all the thrands and scraps may
be gathered up In this rug and shaken
on a paper in some convenient place.
Such a rug may be purchased by the
yard. Two yards and a half will make
a sewing rug that will lost for years,
and may be washed and Ironed when
soiled. New England Farmer.
tVomB M Angel.
"Ahem?" says he, "Ahem, as it
were-as I was saying, my dear madam,
these angelic angels of our homes are
too ethereal, too dainty, to mingle
with the rude crowds. We political
men would fain keep them as they are
now; we are willing to stand the rude
buffetings of of voting. In order to
guard these sweet, delicate creatures
from every hardship. Sweet, tender
beings, we would fain guard you ah,
yes! ah, yes I"
Says I, "Cease instantly. Such talk
is like thoroughwort or lobelia to my
moral stomach." Says I, " You know
that these angelic, tender bein's, half
clothed, fill our streets on icy mid
nights, huntin' up drunken husbands
and fathers and sons. They are driven
to death and moral ruin by the miser
able want liquor-drinkin' entails.
They are starved, they are frozen,
they are beaten, they ar made child
loss and hopeless by drunken hUB
bands killing their own flesh and
blood. They go down into the cold
waves and are drowned by drunken
captains; they are cast from railway
into death by drunken engineers;
they go up on the scaffold, anil die of
crimes committed by the direct aid of
this agent of hell.
Wimmcn had ruther be a flvin'
round than to do nil this, but they
can't. If men really believe all they
say about wimmen, and I think some
of them do in a dreamy way if wiin-
men are angels, give em the rights of
angels .... If you want to be con
sistent if you are bound to make
angels of wimmen, you ort to furnish
a free, safe place for 'em to soar in.
You ort to keep the angels from bein'
meddled with, and bruised, and killed,
" Ahem ! " says he, "As it were,
But I kept right on, for I begun to
feel noble and beside of myself :
This talk about woman bein' out
side and above all participation in the
laws of her "country, is jest as pretty
as I ever heard anything, and jest as
simple. Why, you might jest as well
throw a lot of snow nakes into the
street and say, ' Some of 'em are
female flakes and mustn't be trampled
on.' The great march of life tramples
on 'em all alike ; they fall from one
common sky, and are trodden down
into one common ground." Josiah
Currant Punch. Boil one-half pint
of currant jelly, the juice of two
lemons, one pound of sugar and two
quarts of water together for five
minutes. Strain, and when cold add
Cream Puffs. Put half a pint of
water and two ounces of butter on to
boil ; when boiling, throw in quickly
four ounces of Hour. Stir until well
cooked and a smooth dough is formed.
Take from the fire, and when cooled
or lukewarm, take four eggs, one at a
time and unbeaten, that is, simply
drop one whole egg into the dough,
beat until mixed, thn add another,
and so on. If the flour you use is
winter-wneat nour, tnree eggs will
probably answer, as four would make
the batter too liquid. Drop the mix
ture by spoonfuls on greased pans
and bake in a moderately quick oven
about thirty minutes. If the puffs
should fall when you take them from
the oven, they have not been baked
unu. inorougniy done.
Competition from the cheap labor
districts of the eastern states to be
In the near future still further ad
vanced by cheaper freights from the
east, caused by the completion of
other and competing overland routes
to be built and Increasing business
and volume of freight are, or Burely
will be, constant factors regulating
and controlling the prices of dairy
products In the future, and will surely
make the competition closer.
How can the eastern duiryman, with
long and cold winters, requiring so
much feed to keep up the animal heat
In his eows, and such lengthy periods
of feeding to contend with, on lands
equally valuable and investments
relatively as lurge, pay a heavy per
centage on hla produce as freight,
and still make and sell his produce at
a profit, and reduce our business
almost, and In some years quite, to a
What are their other advantages
aside from the help of their families
and cheap labor?
Better cows, careful care and shelter,
and plenty of good food every day, of
the kind best adapted to produce but
ter and cheese, in which the silo Is an
important factor in the non-producing
season ; improved methods for secur
ing the full value of the milk for
making butter and cheese; for making
the best and longest and best-keep
ing produce; organizations of the
dairymen for selling at home on
stated market days for cold cash, at
least cost to them, their produce; and
lost but not least, the careful saving
of all the valuable manure and using
the same on their luud to keep up Its
protl uc.ti vo uess.
I affirm that they thus gain advan
tage of 60 per cent over our average
dairy methods, and this I believe to
lie a very conservative statement.
This to many will seem to be a start
Now I will try to sustain this asser
tion by theory and facts. The esti
mate of the most reliable eastern
authorities is that the unregenerated
eastern dairymen milk one-quarter of
their cowb at a positive toss, and one-
third at no profit, thus leaving the
other two-thirds of theduiry for profit.
So much for poor cows.
Many years since I awoke to the
fact that I was losing much of the
butter fat by the old method of set
ting milk in puns, but did not know
how to overcome it save by the dis
tent reports of deep setting, cooling
creamers, etc. Directly I heard of
the centrifugal creamer, when it first
camo Into use in Europe. A frieud
saw one work and told me that it
saved the butter fat to within one-half
of one per cent, and as soon as I in
vestigated a little more, and over
three years Bince, I purchased a cen
trifugal creamer, and behold, presto
I at once discovered that a saving of
butter fat equal to 20 per cent was
made. I soon got nuother. Now,
brother dairymen, are not most, of
you losing this 80-per-eent profit on
your whole investment in the dairy
business? Our eastern dairymen are
not any more, and they will cinch the
life out of us if we dont quit it, unless
our beautiful and productive Califor
nia saves us by its natural advantages.
Again, I have got a milk teBter; in a
few months I can tell the percentage
in any cow's milk. The results are
perfectly astonishing great eye
openers. To illustrate, here is a cow
that gives 40 pounds of milk daily for
a good long time. This is a lurge
milker and you regard her as a No. 1
cow; here is another that gives only
5 pounds of milk a day, and this is
not more than or hardly an average.
You test the milk of the two cows for
butter fat. The 4Q-pound cow tests
1 Y, per cent, so makes .6 of a pound
a day, while your little despised 25
pound cow alongside tests 8 per cent
butter fat, and so makes 2 pounds of
butter a day. Now these are not fan
cies; I And them to be facts in my
dniry selected and bred for the dairy
business so many years.
Two pounds of unchurncd butter
fat is often left in 100 pounds of butter
milk ; indeed it is not unusual. In a
creamery that has 600 pounds of but
termilk there would be a loss of 20
pounds of butter. According to this,
many of the dairies in our country are
throwing away 20 pounds of butter
every day in the buttermilk. And
now comes into view for favor and
use the butter extractor, the newest
important invention in dairy tools.
It is a centrifugal creamer and churn
combined. Put in the milk and it
comes out butter in small grains
about the size of turkey shot; the
butter is run into brine or cold water,
all the milky substance washed away
and worked and salted at once. It is
a new kiud of butter (sweet cream
butter) and the best makes in the
east are selling for forty cents a
Eound, or at least some oi tne laney
In late experiments with this new
favorite it made a pound of butter
from 5Y, pounds less of milk than it
took of the same milk with a Danish
Weston centrifugal separator and the
churn. An analysis of the buttermilk
of the extractor in one case snowea
remaining in it still .17 of 1 per cent
butter fat. in the other .32 of 1 per
cent, both infinitesimal. E. W. Steele
in Ban uu xriDune.
A Burglar Z.oseB a Band.
B. F. Shepherd's son Frank dis
covered a man entering his father's
store at Placerville through a hole
which had been made in the brick
wall in the rear on the night of April 2.
Frank took a shotgun and wilted till
the man came out, when he ordered
him to surrender. Instead, the bur
glar presented a pistol, when Frank
shot off the hand that held it and cap
tured the burglar, who had on his
person $76 in money and some jewelry
which he had stolen. j
Lalmr.Unlun Trouble. :
The labor unions of San Francisco
assert that there Is a combination of
employers whose object is to break up
the unions. The persistent refusal of
the box factories to settle grievances
is cited as an evidence of this. All
the more important iron foundries
have been unitedly defying the
Mulders' union for over a year and
the calling out of the molders from
the Pacillc rolling mills, where all the
steel (tastings made on the coast were
produced, has resulted in the stoppage
of steel easting.
April 3 250 of the employes of Buck
ingham & Hecht'sshoe factory struck
because the company refused to dis
charge a workman named Hpofford,
who was running a machine on con
tract In violation of a rule of the
union. The Federated Trade dele
gates declare that the shoe manufac
turers Itave combined, as manufac
turers in other branches have, and
that a great struggle between capital
and tabor has begun.
The employers ip the several lines
declare that they do not object to
union men, but refuse to compel em
ployes who do not wish to do so to
join the unions. This statement is
confirmed bythe statement of Secre
tary Sullivan of the Shoemakers
union that the trouble In the shoe
factory arises from thr -.t
"Buckingham & Hecht have tried to
run their factory to suit themselves.
They deal with the men and refuse to
recognise the union.
An assault was made by VHM) strik
ing cokeworkera on the works at
Morewood, Pa., early in the morning
of April 9 but the hired guard flred on
thein and drove them oft, killing.seven
men and wounding about forty, sev
eral of whom have since died. Troops
were called out to protect the works
and order was restored. All the men
killed were unnaturalized foreigners.
In fact there are hardly any Amer
icans among the strikers.
The War In Cbll.
The destruction of Iqutque, hereto
fore reported, was complete, and the
bloodshed was not overstated.
Fcbiuary S the insurgent attacked
Tarapaca and captured it after a des
perate fight, killing men, women and
children wherever they could be
found. Many buildings were burned.
Churches were filled with corpses of
women aud children who had been
butchered while praying for their
husbands and fathers who were fight
When the Infest authentic news left
Chile, Feb. 2, an attack on Valpar
aiso, the only important seaport still
in the hands of Balmaceda's men,
was daily expected. Valparaiso was
well defended, but the revolutionary
navy, which would make the attack,
was powerful and flushed with victory.
The law of Railroad Croaalas;.
A decision has been rendered in the
United States supreme court confirm
ing the judgment of the lower court
in New Jersey, in the case of a killing
on a railroad crossing. The court
says: "While those using a public
highway are under a duty to keep
out of the way of railroad cars cross
ing it and to exercise such care as
circum3tunces make necessury, the
railroad company in moving cars upon
its road is bound to exercise like care
towards those who are obliged to pass
over its tracks. The right of a rail
road company to the use of its tracks
for the movement of engines and cars
is no greater in the eyes of the law
than the right of an individual to
travel over a highway extending
across such tracks.'
What French Workmen Want.
The Paris workmen's congress has
adopted a programme embracing the
following propositions: That eight
hours constitute a day's work; that
minimum wages be fixed ; that chil
dren under 14 be prohibited from
working; that everybody declared by
the workmen's syndicate to be unable
to work receive public support; that
masters be held responsible for acci
dents to workmen; that municipal
butcher shops, baker shops and bazars
be formed ; that every trade organize
in readiness Tor a general strike to
vanquish the opposing employers.
The socialist element dominated.
Italy, through its minister at Wash
ington, Baron Fava, asked Secretary
of State Blaine for assurances that
the New Orleans lynchers of Italian
citizens should be punished and in
demnity paid to their families. Blaine
replied that he could not guarantee
the punishment, as that under the
constitution rests with the jury but
that he recognized the claim for in
demnity. Baron Fava was thereupon
recalled by his government. Kudini,
the Italian premier, has since stated
that the American government had
thus far done all that could be ex
pected of it. -
Among the bills signed by Governor
Markham after the adjournment of
the legislature and thus made laws
are the following :
For the semi-annual payment of
taxes ; providing that the death sen
tence shall be carried out only in the
state prisons ; forbidding lawyers to
advertise for divorce business ; pro
viding the death penalty for train
wrecking; giving preference to ex
umon soldiers in public employment ;
providing for police courts in cities of
15,000 and under 18,000 inhabitants;
appropriating $5000 for the importa
tion of parasites of plant pests from
He -Worried About It.
Tbe sun's heat will fire out In ten mUJtaa
And he worried about it;
"It will Hiiro rive out them. If tt doo't be
fore," And he wnrrte'1 about Itj
It wmiM aurolr Vive out, so tbe tcientlet
fn all (K'lent iftea! boohs that he read.
And the whole in is lit universe Uteri would
And be worried about tti
"And some 4r the earth will fall Into the
A nd he worried about Hi
"Just as sure, aud as straight, at if Shot front
And he worried about It;
M w hen ftt ruu arravltatloa unbuckles her
Just picture," be said, "what a fearful ooW
In toe 1
It will eume In a few million aires, perhaps,
And be worried about it.
TIe rarth will beeorae much too small for
And he worried about It:
"When we'll imr tiilrtj- doilaia an Inch for
pure t rwe,
- Awl he worrlfd about Itj
The earth will be crowded so much, without
That there'll be no room for one's tonjuc to
And no room for one's thoughts to wander
And he worried about It.
"The Oulf Btream wilt curve, and New Bu
gland grow torrider."
And be worried about It;
Than was erer tbe climate of southernmost
And he worried about It.
"The loe crop will be knocked Into small
And rrocodllos block tip our mowins; ma-
And we'll lose our Sue crops of potatoes and
And be worried about It.
And In lean than ten thousand rears there's
no doubt ."
A nd he worried about It ;
Our supply of lumber aud coal win giro
And he worried sbnut It;
Ju then tbe loe Aj-e will return cold and
Frocen men will stand stiff with arms out-
stwtohed In awe.
As if vatnljr bfeechlr a jreneral thaw.
Aud he worried about It.
Ills wife tfwik In waffhlnjr fa dollar a day),
H didn't worry about It:
His daughter sewed shirts, to rude ffroeer to
He didn't worry about It,
While bis wlte beat her tireless rub-a-dub-dub
On the washboard drum In ber old wooden
He sat by the store and he ttirt let her rub
He didn't worry about It,
s. w. Foes.
Why and How Cannon Powder la Rammed
Before It Com lata the (ion.
A large number of persons who vis
ited the scene of the recent disastrous
powder explosion at the Da Pont pow
der mills carried away with them, as
mementoes of the explosion, little six
sided pieces of a black material which
they generally supposed to be iron or
some soft metal. These mementoes
were six-sided, about 1 1-4 inches long,
one inch in diameter, and were pierced
by a small round hole. They appeared
to be blank six-sided nuts ready to be
tapped or threaded, to make thein
available on the bolls of the mill ma
chinery. They appeared to be inno
cent little things easy to pilfer and
convenient to carry, and served nicely
as mementoes of the great explosion.
In reality these innocent-looking
mementoes pre lumps of concentrated
explosive energy. They are prwnis or
lumps of prismatic powder. The name
js doubtless owing to the wcttliar
shape given to each piece or block,
which is that of a short hexagonal
prism. Hits form is tne result of in
tense pressure to which the powder is
exposed in its passage through a pow
erful hydraulic press. It was chosen
for tbe same reason that the honey bee
chooses to make the ceils in its comb
hexagon economy of space; in build
ing cartridges for big guns out of this
?owder tbe pieces fit snugly together,
'he compression has put every possi
ble ounce of force into the prism, the
small size of the prisms enable the
gunners accurately to measure the
force of each charge, aud the hexagons
pack together without loss of space in
the loaU chamber of the gnn. In the
manufacture of this powder science
has learned to ram tbe charge of pow
der before putting it into the gnn
The concentration of power by means
of the hydraulic press is so great that
solid prisms of this powder loaded into
a gun would probably burst it, and if
not would be wasted by ejectment
from the gun before it was all burned.
The round hole in the prisms of pow
der, which mnkes them a complete
duplicate of a blank six-sided iron nut,
is to secure expansion equally in all
directions and to insure the combus
tion of all the explosive.
The machines by which these prisms
of concentrated power are manufact
ured are models of compact, strong
aud accurate-work ing machinery. One
of them now in course of construction
stands about 18 feet high, and will
weigh about 50.000 pounds. It occu
pies a floor space 4 feet 4 inches by S
feet 4 inches, is capable of exerting a
pressure of 135,000 pounds on a sur
face of abont 64 square inches in area,
and will make 54 prisms of powder at
every stroke of its pistons.
The most apparent feature of this
press is its weight and strength, and
its surprising characteristic is ease of
movement and control. It is com
posed of two water cylinders and two
rams, connected by four polished iron
rods about 4 1-2 inches in diameter,
standing on a rectangular foundation.
The cylinders aftd rains are at opposite
ends of these rods. The rams work
toward each other centrally with the
rods. Between the rams are four cast
iron plates 6 inches thick. 3 feet 2
inches by 4 feet 6 in area, three of
which move with the ram and one is
stationary. This stationary plate is
perforated with tifty-fonr round holes,
about two inches in diameter, that
have been partially filled with brass
bushings. Through these bushings
are the six-sided holes in which tbe
powder is compressed. Working di
rectly over this 'plate is a similar one
attached to the ram of the upper cylin
der, and guided by the four polished
iron rods which fit into a half-round
recess at each of its corners. It is
armed with six-sided brass plungers,
which in its descent pass into the six
sided boles in the stationary plate.
Below the stationary plate is another
plunger plate similar to tbe upper one,
and below this is the needle plate.
Tbe needle plate is armed on its upper (
BtirfnrA with f 5 f r v-fnur inner atul nncd. "
les, which extend up through the!
lower plunger plate and into the hex-
agon holes in the stationary plate
These needles make the round holes' ;
the prisms of powder. :
The power of these presses is ge '"
ated in the cylinders simplv bv p
ing water into them and'beh-".
rauis. Tbe cylinders are 11. 1
inches in diameter. The y! ;
has two compartments; thev '
the lower one and above- ,i
der with a lifting pisto -..,.'.
ram is raised af te- ... -,y -stroke
in comr: . - v..
The lower - - ; ,
water under It, and Is lowered by" let-
ting the water out, which will bey1
accomplished automatically. "-'
In operation the parts of this preti6
are so adjusted that the plungers of
tbe upper and lower plunger plates
and the needles approach each other $
through the movement of the rams.
The holes in the stationary plate are i
stopped on the lower side by the ""Ms
of the plungers, and tbe needled wtrtVrV
log through the plungers extend up
through the stationary plate. The
hexagon holes are then filled with wet '
powder and the rams brought to
gether, exerting a pressure of 2,60
pounds on tbe powder in each of the,
boles, compressing into a solid hex a- S
fonal prism 1 1-4 inches long, I Inch
n diameter, with a hole of about S-8
inch in diameter through It loogi-
tudinally. Wilmington Newt. .
SURPRISING HEW HUSBAND,
rha Disastrous Result of m Wetl-Msant -Attempt
It seems that Dr. Pi Us bury of the
United States service was married
bout three rears ago to a lovely IO
Angeles lady, but was almost im
nediately ordered to join the As is tie
squadron. His wife remained here
ays tbe San Francisco Examiner.
From one emergency or another be
was kept abroad until a few weeks
ago. During his absence bis wife pre
pared a surprise for her has band by
studying medicine. Unfortunately,
however, she entered a homeopath io
college, her husband being of tbe allo
pathic persuasion. She had just re
ceived a diploma when her husband re
turned, but they bad hardly exchanged
affectionate greetings when a messen
ger came in to say that a man had just
Fallen out of a tbird-story window
around tbe block, and for whom a
physician was required at once. The
husband made baste to obtain his in
struments, but when be reached the
seene of the accident be was astonished
at beholding his wife engaged in feel
ing the patient's pulse.
'What does this meanf said the
"I forgot to tell you, darling,1 ex
plained his wife. "You see, I am a
regularly qualified homeopathic phy
sician." "Homeopathic?" sneered the bos
band, getting very red in tbe face.
"Yes, pet." said tbe doctress, sweet
ly. "This closing people with bucket-"
fuls of slops is gelling out of date,
"And so you have actually been
roped in by the gang of pilule-peddling
"Don't be rude, dear, replied the)
female specialist. "You eaa t expect
to keep up with tbe march of science
in China, Just Ltand back and let tne
save the patient.
"Save fiddlestick,1 snapped the allo
path. "Go home, woman, and eease
your trifling with human life, or per
haps you bad better scrape lint wfaihrl
resuscitate the subject."
"Why don't yon two quit fighting
and go to work f" asked tbe victim's
wife, who bad lost concluded sba
wouldn't look well in black.
"When this female persou with
draws1 said Dr. P.. stiffly, "I shall
proceed in the regular way.
"I will not be answerable for XYim
consequences until this old fogy is re
moved." snapped his wife.
'You're a quack V roared the male
"You're a botcher f screamed tbe
female one. And io tbis way tbey went
on until somebody announced that
the man was dead.
And now tbe judge says that if he
refuses their divorce petition he's afraid
they'll begin practicing on each other,
and: he thinks there have been enough
murders committed recently as It is.
Lincoln' a Vialon of the New Soq
Once, as Mr. Lincoln lay upon hb Z!"
xavonte lonnge in tne r&egtsters otnoe,
whilst the Register and his messenger
were engaged in their work, and, as he
liked tbem to do. paying no attention
to him. he broke into a magnificent
outburst a word-painting of what the
South would be when the war was
over, slavery destroyed, and she had
had an opportunity to develop her. re
sources under the benignant influence
of peace. Twenty yean and more
afterward this scene flashed upon my
memory with the vividness of an eleo -trio
light as I recognized the word
picture of Mr. Lincoln in the following
words of welcome by an eloquent
Southerner to a Northern delegation:
"You are standing," he said, "at this
moment in the gateway that leads to
the South. The wealth that is there,
no longer hidden from human eyes,
n ashes in your very faces. You can
smell the roses of. a new hope that till
the air. You can hear the heart beats
of progress that come as upon the
wings of heaven. You can reach
forth yonr hands and almost clutch the
gold that the sun rains down with bis
beams, as be takes his daily journey
between the coal mine and tbe cotton
field; the highlands of wood and iron,
of marble and granite; the low-lands
of tobacco, of sugar and rice, of corn
and kine, of wine, milk, and honey.
Such was the picture of tbe South pre
sented to the eye of Mr. Lincoln's
I have written this account largely
from personal knowledge, from what i
myself saw and beard. It has been
the regret of my subsequent life that I J
did not at the time know bow great a
man Mr. Lincoln was: that I did no"
at the time write out and pre serve .
account of manv other things said :r
done by him. 'fbis occurrence w
exception. I felt at the time tV
Lincoln was revealing hirngsrV
in a new and elevated ch ;
undertook to record f -which
S. Chittenden, in H . v
Curios fro ; . ' -
Daring a " ' ' . ' " .
Fristedi, j? '. v-""-"': .... "- " ' " " V -' '
the qr ; ' - " . ' ...
This- -: - - - . ,