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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1891)
V ' .
He who thinks to please the World Is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half Is yet behind.
LEBANON, OltEOON, FllIDAY, APRIL 24. 1891.
W. B. DONACA,
Groceries and Provisions,
Cigars, Tohaeco, Furnishing floods,
First-Class Goods at Reasonable Prices.
GIVE ME A TRIAL AND BE CONVINCED.
CJountrv froiluce Talson. in Exchango lor
KEEP ON HAND A STOCK OF
Shingles, Posts, Boards and Pickets.
W. C. Pkteuson,
PETERSON & GARLAND, -
Real Estate Brokers
HAVE ON HAND
... CHOICE BAGLAJEN'S
In Large and Small Farms. Best Fruit Land In Valley. Flnwrt Oraln' Ranrhea In
the World. Improved and Unimproved Land, from 4 per Acre i and up.
Kattefactten Onarnutcwd. Have on hand some CHOI K til i
. , PROPERTY. ResMenee and Bualneaa. Bargatna
... In all Additiona to the Town.
; Houses Rented and Farms Leased.
' London Liverpool A Olobe Insurance Co." .
Uuardian Assurance Co., of London.
Oakland Home Inouranoe t;, of Oakland, Cal.
Collections Receive Prompt Attention. Notary Business a Specialty. We take
pleasure in giving our patrons all information desired In our line of business.
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
DEN T I ST
J. K. WEATHERFORD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
Albany, . . . - okwion.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
AI.K Ai VOKICOIIN.
J. L. COWAN.
J. M. RALSTON
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
ACCOUNTS KEPT SUBJEOT TO
Exchange sold on New York, San
rancieco, Portland and Albany, Org
Collections made on favorable terms
R. L. McCLURE
ffttcewior lo C. H Hannoii.)
Barber : and : Hairdresser.
Shaving:, Haircut ting and Shampoo
ing in. the latest and best' style. Spec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies1
hair. Your patronage respectfully so
ED. KELLENBEKRER, Prop.
Fresh & Salted Beep, Pork, Mut
ton, Sausage, Bologna & Ham.
BACOfl AKD LARD ALWAYS ON HAND
Sam'i. M. Garland,
Farmers' and Merchants Ins. Co., of Salem
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
Mala Street. Lebanon, OnfW
I. R. BOllVM.
A Good Shave, Shampoo, Hair
. Cut, Cleaned or Dressed.
Hot and Cold Baths at all Hours.
Children Kindly treated. Calland see me.
San Franetoeo labw Troubles.
The inevetable conflict between
labor and capital in San Francisco has
begun in earnest. April 13 all the large
shoe factories were closed by the
owners, in sympathy with Bucking
han & Hecht, whose place was closed
by a strike against the use of a lasting
machine the week before.
The builders have organized to re
sist the determination of several
unions in the buildingtrades to refuse
to work on buildings in which cast
ings from non-union foundries are
The Laborers Union has split into
two factions, one of which charges
Dr. "Willey,. the founder of the union,
with making money out of the union.
A Freintaed Reform.
Secretary Tracy in a speech at Bos
ton April 8 said: ''Whatever -party
was in'scontrol of the government, it
seems hitherto to have been powerless
to exclude -political' Influence in the
employment of navy yard labor. It
is not enough, apparently, that
mechanics and workmen in govern
ment shops should be Republicans or
Democrats, they must wear the collar
of the bosses who run the local politi
cal machine. This practice is a source
of demoralization to any party that
attempts to use it, destructive to the
government service and debauching
to local and national politics. It is an
ulcer to the naval administrative
system, and I propose to cut it out,"
EAST AND SOUTH
Southern Pacific fiouto.
THK MOUNT Bit AST A KOUTK.
EXPRESS TRAINS MUVl PORTLASD ft A 1 1. Y I
T K I. M. 1 I.T
10 :9a p.m. I i.v
10:15 A.N. J Ar
Portland Ar I :3 A. N
Ainanr Ar B:lB A.
Man t'ranelsoo L W P. M
Above trnlnn Mop only at the fotlowttiff station
n win oi nuwiiut R! jsaat .-orimiiu, urnri'n unv,
Wotwlburn. Half m, Albany, Tauannt, Shedda,
Malwy, MurrtHburK, Juwnlou city, Irvlua; aud
Ar I IV :M H
port) it tut
1. I litNi. .
r. m. I i.v lYtrtiamt Ar i 9 m a. m.
P. K. I Ar Albany Lr I B AM A. M
Letrl I'Mnngr Trwlns Ualljr
a W p. m. I t.r
B 40 A.
I 4 P.
I 3 iU P.
PULLMAN BUFFET SUSEPBR8,
Tourist Sleeping Car
Pur KioommolAt tou of Rocond-Clitm Pmaeufdrt.
tUki'tioa to KmprwMi trains.
WHtT BlK U.VIHION.
BKTWEEN PORTLAND AND CORVAM.Ig.
Malt Tntln Uslly tKaoapt Hunlr.)
t :S A. M. I I t
1-10 P. At. Ar
At Albany and OnrraUl oounect with tralna nf
t'nMPMi i nit rinc itaiimaa.
(Bapreaa Tntln Datfly Kaoapt 8ndaj.)
io.lf ."TL P trt la nd " ArT : A.
JAP. M. jAr MoMluiiTllie I.T I ftitft A.
VThmurh Ui-haia tn all tMtlnta Eaatatid fVutli.
K.r tlvketa aud full tnforiimtlou ncnrlltic
raw. nta, vie, eaji on va t ntnt an uanm.
K, KOKUI.KK, Ka . KtMIKKN,
aianaer. Ami u. f. a P. At
San Dominiro. vrhone exiort are
rhirtly row sugar. Is asking fur re-
Blaine has notifltMl Canada that he
will be tvRtlv to diflcufts rwlnnH'ity
Oi't. 12. The Canadian K'tvernniPiit
aays tills is aatiarnotory.
A oommnv owning a srroup of right
small isittmiR laa milts nam ok Jion
duras and 325 wiuth of Jamaica pro-
txsea to colonize thcn with imw
Swedish families and set ur the i
nubile of cwrrana. 1 no isianus are
rich In guano, ebony, mahogituy. dye-
Blaine and Harrison refused to dis
cuss rwjjproctty with the delegation
sent to Washington for that pun
Th American representative at
Madrid hasarrauged with theSiwhish
government the outlines of a treaty
or reciprocity wttn uuoa.
The inhabitants in the Interior of
AbvHHiiiiA are in rebellitn ami cholera
aud famine raging.
The Burlington road' switchmen
are on striKe.
Mayor Orant of New lork sup
pressed the play, inou nnaii not.
The striking morocco workers at
Lynn, Mass., surrendered and went
back to work.
Ten Russian immigrants were re
fused lauding at New York April 6
because tney were ueaei mm
pan J vers.
The numlror of anti-union men
working in the Pennsylvania coke re
gion uespite tne scriKe is stvaotiy in-creasiug.-
Federal Senator Edmunds of Ver
mont has resigned, after lilting the
seat twenty-ttve years.
Although Art em us Warn (Charles
F. Browne) was born In Maine in 1H34
a woman has appeared who claims to
be his widow ana to have married him
in 1H35 and to have been with him in
the beginning of his lecturing career.
She says he loft her in Kentucky In
Stock is starving in parts of Iowa
and feed is so scarce that farmers are
selling for any price they can get.
The trust Is about to raise the price
of glass from 30 to 30 per cent.
The worst fire in Lowell, Mass., for
many years oestroyeo tne liaison
block and badly damaged the Masonic
temple and the public Irbrary April 5.
Four oersons perished in a fire that
destroyed a frame store and residence
at Rwhester. Pa., April 5.
There was a damaging frost in
Mississippi April 5.
Barn u m is dead.
The bill prohibiting the appearance
of actresses in tights has become a
law in Minnesota.
Anna Dickinson, who was eon fl tied
as insane for a month and then re
leased as saae by a physician who had
been summoned to remove her to his
private asylum, declares that she was
not insane and that her incarceration
was a plot oi ner sisters to a raw
monev from the sympathetic public.
Susan declares that Anna was insane
and that her accusations are a proof
that she is so still, but does not ex-
Dlam whv she ( Susan 1 vigorously de
nied through the press, at the time
Anna was first taken in charge, that
she was insane.
The Union stockyards at Cincinnati.
covering ten acres, have been burned.
Two women have been elected police
judges in Kansas, Mrs Mary L. Bur
ton, formerly editor of the Kansan and
at present postmistress at Jamestown,
and Mrs. Jessie McCormick of Burr
Oak, Jewell county. Both are strong
The labor-union people of Chicago
are arranging to start co-operative
grocery and otner retail stores.
The Farmers Alliance in Kansas
proposes, if it can control tne next
legislature, that the state shall build a
trunk railroad 300 miles long through
the state and the counties snail build
a network of branches. . f;
William Bales, who killed a police
man while resisting arrest at Kenton,
O., was taken from jail and lynched
All attempts to compromise the
Pennsylvania coke troubles have
failed. The mine owners say they
will not concede h eight-lionr day,
the Knights and Federation of Labor
say they will financially back the en
in demanding it and a long and des
perate struggle is deemed assured.
.Tim Linwood was sent to the insane
asylum from Carson April 9 at his own
Fraud Chnrffwl mt Mora Ilant.
About six months ago repairs were
completed upon the United States
steamer Alert at the Mare Inland navy
yard and the vossol received a full
complement of officers and men and
was ready to go to Boa. But the vessel
did not sail, and she Is to-day at her
berth waiting orders. It was reported
that the repairs were so Insubstantial
In character that it would bo danger
ous for the vessel to go to sea. On the
other hand, there were dlsagreeble
rumors that certain officers did unt
want to sail In the vessel, as they pre
ferred newer cruisers, and wore trying
to cause a seaworthy vessel to be con
The department ordered nn Inves
tigation on the following lines : " Has
there been any neglect of duty or
carelessness on the part of any officer
of the navy or employe of the navy
yard at Mare Island In preparing the
Alert for sea ; If so, state the name or
names of such officer or officers or
employe or employes, and the particu
lars of carelessness In each case?'
The hoard of Inquiry made a report
which was made public April 8. It re
ported that: " Naval Constructor
Feastcr had been careless In the super
vision of the repairs upon the Alert,
anil neglectful In his examinations of
the work as It progressed, which re
sulted in serious defects In the ship
lelng passed over without repairs.
and in unsatisfactory workmanship
in the repairs made.
"Master Shipwright Williamson was
negligent In the performance of the
duty Intrusted to him In the 1m
mediate direction of the first repairs
prior to November 24, lHlHl, which was
m mediately the cause of serious tie
fects in the ship being passed, over
without repairs, and In omitting im
portant work, such as scaling the
corroded surface before painting.
11 Master Shipfitter Artemas Web
ster was neglectful In the performance
of his duty In not exacting the proper
work mansh I p In th e re pal rs made
upon the double bottom of the Alert
subsequent to November 2ft, lrnw, and
In not properly carrying out the
recommendations of the board of
survey by failing to remedy certain
defects which were seclally men
These fludiugs have been approved
by the navy department, and Naval
Constructor Feoster has been relieved
from duty at More Island, Master
Shipfitter Webster has been dis
charged, as was Master Shipwright
The board, composed of Commodore
Irwin, Commander Bartlett, Con
structor Fernald, Assistant Con
structor Stuhl and Chief Engineer
Kutz, has been ordered to survey the
Alert again and report what repairs
art necessary while Constructor Fer
nald has been ordered to assume
charge of these repairs.
San Fbahuisoo, April 13.
Butter is in pleutiful supply aud
dealers are packing because they can
not market all they receive, even ut
the low prices going.. Oilt edge re
tails at 30 cents a pound, but there Is
very little which brings more than 25
cents and much that sells as low as
20 for fresh rolls. The wholesale
prices are 10 to 19 cents, according to
1 utility, gilt edge grades mostly going
lireet from producer to consumer.
Eggs are In rather light supply and
prices firmer, 18 to 20 cents being paid
at wholesale aud 20 to 25 at retail.
Puck eggs are G cents higher.
California cheese ranges from 10 to
Wheat has steadily but slowly risen
from $1 27 a cental a year ago. It
is a long time since California wheat
commanded f 1 GO in the home market,
but that is the figure at which choice
milling has boon quotable since Friday
last. At the same time choice No. 1
shipping sells atl 5Gl4 to $1
The ad vance in England is rest urn ible
for the enhancement here.
New potatoes sell for y cents a
pound and aw retailed at twice that.
They are almost uniformly of poor
quality. Old range from 60 to $1 25 a
cental at wholesale, the latter figure
being for Oregon Burbanks.
Onions are reported more plentiful,
but they still bring $3 75 to $4 50 a
cental at wholesale.
Wool may be quoted at 14 to ltt for
the best coming. Choice northern
would bring 18 to 20 cents for foothill
and 16 to 18 for San Joaquin. Southern
fall wool is quoted as low as 9 cents.
. Eastern light bacon brings 13 to 13
cents; California medium to heavy
V to 9,. California light and extra
light 13 to 15 and shoulders 9 to 9
Strawberries are coming into market
more freely and retail at 35 to 50 cents
a basket, but prices obtained to-day 1
are no indication of what they will
Sugar, which dropped 2 to 2 cents 1
a pound in New York April 1, when !
the duty came off, remains at the old
figure here, a: combination having
been made whereby the eaatern re
finers agree to keep out of coast terri
tory. Spreckels has secured the bulk
of the Hawaiian crop.
For several years women have voted
at municipal elections in Kansas. At
first it was predicted that after two or
three elections the novelty of the
thing would wear off and there would
be but few women seen at the polls.
The contrary result has occurred.
The number who registered at the
municipal elections April 7 was far in
excess of that of any previous election,
and tfca women who voted, were in
most instances the moral, intelligent :
i and respectable wives and mothers, i
It may be true, as claimed by the
cannery syndicate, that prices for
green fruit will remain as high as If
there had been no combine, but fruit
growers will do well to bo prepared,
before their crops are ripe and spoiling
on their hands, to dry their product if
the current price Is too low. Every
largo orchard and every community
of r mull ones ought to have Its own
Matting Sorghum Molaaftra.
Experiments In the growing of sorg
hum 111 California have been attended
with an emouraglng degree of suc
cess. Hurghum molasses Is a staple
farm production In many of the states
and could well be added to California's
list of remunerative products. The
government has for many years been
excrimentliig with sorghum, for its
utilization for sugar and molasses pur
poses, and numerous valuable dis
coveries have boeti made. The follow
ing circular just Issued by the agri
cultural department will be of interest ;
The sorghum canes, proKrly
stripped of leaves and with the seed
tops removed, una passed through a
mill adjusted to extract as large a
percent as possible of the juice. A
fl rut -elans, th ree-rolh -r horse mill,
prtiHrly adjusted, will extract from
60 to 64 pounds of Juice trom each 100
pounds of clean cane. In case the
molasses shows a tendency to gran
ulate, the cane should be cut ami
allowed to He la the field three or four
days lief ore being worked. If the
molasses lies not bIiow any tendency
to granulate, It Is liest to have the
cane worked as soon as possible after
As soon as the juice is expressed it
should l treated with cream of lime,
which hits been thoroughly strained
so as to contain no large lumps of un
dissolved lime. In a tank of con
venient size, two-thirds filled with
juice, the cream of lime should be
added little by little, with stirring, so
as to Incorporate it thoroughly with
the juice. As the point of neutrality
is reached, the juice will show a large
amount of ftooculent matter and will
slightly change In color, passing from
green to nmlwr color. Care must be
taken not to add nn excess of tlu
cream of lime, the result of which
would be a darkening of the molasses.
The proper point may be soon learned
by experience; it can also lie deter
mined directly by litmus test paper.
The blue litmus paper should be used.
When this blue pajwr Is placed In the
natural juice It will turn to light red.
As the point of neutrality Is reached
the change of color iu the litmus paper
becomes loss und les pronounced and
when It is distinctly purple It shows
that the projM-r amount of lime has
been added. If too much lime be
added the paper will not change In
color at all or bo mode more distinctly
blue. Litmus pner can 1m obtained
from any well-equipped drug store.
A very excellent article of molasse
is made byadding to the juice, trcuted
as alKve, some bisulphite of lime.
This bisulbhite of lime Is made by
passing the fumes of burning stuphur
into cream of lime until it is saturated.
The addition or the bisulphite of lime
makes the juice again acid but tends
to produce a molasses of a much
lighter color thau can Ik? made with
out it. Excellent molasses, however,
of a somewhat darker color can be
made without theuse of the bisulphite
of lime. A good article of molasses of
light color can also be made without
adding lime, ami molasses made in
this way is exceptionally good for
The juice, after treatment with the
lime or with the lime and bisulphite of
lime, or with the bisulphite of lime
alone, should be placed At once in a i
tank and rapidly brought to the boil- j
ing point. It should, however, not
be allowed to boil, but when the scum
which Is formed over the top begins
to show signs of breaking the heat
should be withdrawn and the blanket
of scum carefully removed. The heat
may then be aguln applied until all
the green scums have been entirely
separated. The purified juice should
now bo reduced as rapidly as possible
to the consistency of molasses. This
is best done in some form of con
tinuous evaporator based on the old
fashioned Cook evaporator, in which
the purified juice constantly runs in
at one end of the evaporator, passes
back and forth across it, and the
finished molasses runs out at the
other end. The more quickly this
evaporation can be accomplished the
bettor for the molasses.
When the molasses runs from the
evaporator it should be cooled as
quickly as possible and should never
be placed in barrels until it has almost
reached the ordinary temperature of
the air. These directions are only of
a general nature and . it requires a
iartre experience to be able to produce
always a first-class article of molasses.
California Fruit Grower.
For three years or more" the United
States department of agriculture has
been engaged in the investigation oi
grape diseases, the object being to
discover, if possible, cheap, practic
able and efficient remedies for such
troubles as downy and powdery mil
dew, black rot, anthracnose, etc. A
means of preventing all of these dis
eases has been discovered, and now
thousands of grape-growers all over
the country are saving crops which a
few years ago were totally lost. Far
mers' bulletin No. 4, which will soon
be issued by the department of agri
culture at Washington, gives full
directions for treating these diseases.
It also describes the diseases in such
a way that any grape-grower will be
able to recognize them, and closes
with full directions for manufacturing
the remedies, and an estimate of the
cost ofthe entire work. Write to the
deparment of agriculture at Washing
ton for a copy.
Saw FnANmHco. Anrll fl.
Mr. Editor: The recent announce
ment bv the board nf henlth nt Hun
Francisco that a quantity of "elephant
urnnu comienced inilK recently
seized 111 that city proved on analysis
to have been eomposed of clay and
grease, with no milk whatever, lewis
me to ask if it is safe to use condensed
milk in any case. Many poor people
cannot afford to take milk regularly
from a milkman, but do have a can of
condensed milk In the house for use
when itccaslou arises. I have also foil
It to Infants and thought it better than
th fresh milk I could buy, as I could
not be sure that came f nun fine cow
and It was not always good any way.
What do you think about it?
Mas. C. E. O hover.
Condensed milk o jstandard.brand
from manufacturers .of established
reputation is as wholesome a food as
you can get, and superior for infants
as well as for adults to much ofthe
fresh milk sold In San Francisco. The
mixing of water, or even of chalk,
with milk, as Is frequently done by
dealers In eltics. Is not as Injurious as
the feeding of poor food to the cows.
Hour brewery swill Is one of the most
commou Injurious urtieles fed to cows
near breweries. It causes milk to sour
quickly and sends to the stomach of
the consumer the seeds of colic and
other ailment. If cows drink foul,
stagnant water their milk will be
tnfnt si and unfit for food.
In fact, the elephant brand ' milk
with Its earth and grease, though not
nourishing food for an Infant, Is prob
ably less injurious than milk from
cows that eat Impure food or drink
Impure water. The clay eaters of the
south and the old southwest, who live
to an old age on a diet composed
largely of earth, though they don't
grow fat on It, are a living proof that
earth is not a deadly poison at least.
There Is plenty of condensed milk
In the market that Is the healthiest
kind of food. Buy of a first-class
grocer and tell him you want the best
and, though you may have to pay 6 ;
cents a can more, you will get a pure
and wholesome article of food. Fresh
milk from a healthy cow cannot be
Improved upon, but the "one cow's
milk fad is one of the fading super
stitions. City milkmen carry a can of
one cow rt milk " to satisfy the de-j
mand, but they fill It from the same
reeeptoclo from which their other j
cans are filled and replenish It along
the route from the other cans. It
satisfies the anxious mamas and re
Mothera mm Mmtolt-Maliara-
There is a kind of match-making
which it Is a mother s duty to attempt.
writes Amelia E. Barr, iu the Ladies'
Ho ne journal. But It has strict lim
itations. It resolves itself Into the
simple duty of Introducing to her
laughter young men whose moral
character is good, who are In a position
to many, and who, physically, are not
likely to repel her. The young eople
may then safely bo left to their own
instincts. There should be no attempt
to coerce; no moral force used to
make even a suitable marriage, though
extremities may lawfully bo used to
prevent an evil marriage. A mother's
match-making really begins while
her daughter's education is in prog
ress, and it is one ofthe strangest of
facts that mothers generally force this
education in the direction of those
qualities likely to amuse young men
music, dancing, singing, dressing,
playing games, chuffiug wittily, etc.
Now, such attractions are likely to
procure plenty of flirtation ; but young
men rarely marry the girls they flirt
with. And why do not mothers con
sider, most of all, that approaching
period in their daughters' lives when
they will, or ought to, cease being
made love to? Why should the prep
aration for young ladyhood absorb
all the girl's education? How many
curriculums contain any arrangement
for education for wifehood or parent
hood? Yet, what man wishes to pass
his life Vith a woman whose only
charm is the power to amuse him?
He inightas well dine everyday upon
, 01ry autl Typhoid Fever.
An item regarding the alleged ab
sorption ofthe typhoid bacillus from
the soil into the juices of plants, where
the fertilizing agent that has been
used has been night-scil " from the
city vaults, has had some currency in
our sanitary periodicals. While the
typhoid bacillus can at times be de
tected in the manure obtained from
scavengers, no competent observer
has, we think detected it in the juices
of vegetables that have been manured
with that substance. "
-According tothe Medical Journal
the use of such manure is, however,
not wholly free from danger, and
vegetables that do not pass through
the process of boiling in their prepara
tion for the table should be cleansed
from all attached foreign matter with
unusual care. In the neighborhood
of many of our cities the cultivators
of celery and other garden vegetables
add liquid "night-soil" manure to
their fields in order to advance the
growth of their crops. A certain por
tion of this fertilizer cannot fail to
lodge on the leaves and stems of such
edible plants as celery, which filth will
not be all disengaged and washed
away by the ordinary processes of
cleansing for table use. Celery is
especially mentioned because -it is
peculiarly apt to catch and hold the
solid contents of the scattered cess-pit
manure, and in this dirt the bacilli of
typhoid fever have been detected time
The rajah who had been installed
by the natives in place of the deposed
one at Mampur has been executed by
Hay, you wrong- hnr. my friend, her kV lb
hutt Rlmiily mittrr-nwn;
One cm) reiMl t fiowholw muttar (ranMlatlDa oer
Itturt itf the lljrht of one's own.
Two nnmir.fr hgo wlin you wooed her yon
tood on t.li- aelf-aame plant;
Wtuso Ut fiiee, Itt'art to herirt, ncrpf dream! Of
four aoula could be parted atptlo.
Site loved r oil at Hint time enttraljr la the
bloom or irpr fllV'a enriy May.
And it In not hor fault, I repeat It, that ahe
doe uot love you to-day.
Kttturn nemvr atartda at I II, nor smile eltberi
thi-y either ko up or iro down;
And lirTa htm lwon ftt-adtly aoarluflr, but how
haa It boon with your uwut
fllie nan fttmintted, and yearned, and Mptred,
frrowN purer and wl-wrewn yar;
The tra are in w tarltn-r above you la yon
For Bite whom you erowned with freah
iown yimoT nve nummcrs ajro.
tl ro limrncd ttmt the flrat of on- duties to God
mud ouraelrea la to arrow.
Her yra now are a t eeter and calmer, but their
vlxlon Ik t-lurr urn wHI;
iivr voice ht a U'ttderer endenee, but hi pure
aa a allvor bell.
Ware foil. too. fe-mwA purer and wlaer mm the)
month and tbe your have rollwlon?
Did you in, tier thl morn tne- rejotelua; In
the trluinplia of victory won?
Kay, lear me the trnth cannot harm you,
when liMtay In her prenee you etood.
Waa the hand that you ffave her aa white and
clean aa tiiut of iiur womanhood?
Go menaure ynoraelf by Iter etAndard, look
bm-k nn Oh rear that, ham fltwl.
Tben ak. (f you m-ed. why ahe telle you that
um iuw ui uccr jftroMJoaj w utrwj.
Ble cannot took: down to her lover ber lore,
like her aoul. aapiroa:
Me murt aland hy her id. or above ber, who
would kiudfie Ita hoiloet fli-e.
IxMilae Imoiren Oiilney.
THE CATFISH AND ITS HAUNTS.
Ita Anceetore Wr Tery Hie; and Bad
Only Una Kya, Like Cyclop.
It is a Bin en tar fact that the
specimens of the tinny tribe that attract
the Attention of seientisU and Ichthy
ologists, ami are most studied by them,
nre the modest, ugly, and lower orders
of the kind, says the N. Y. Tune.
i ho catfish has lately been the subject
of considerable investigation, and the
theory now is that this fish, the annoy
ance of anglers, thongl. the small boy's
delight. Is a descendant of a powerful
and terrible-looking order of fish that
llveurn the good old days that only
geologists and students of antediluvian
matters can tell about.
It is a fact that the catfish of today
in some localities trows to an immense
size and weight and those who have
seen the sixty -pound ere of the Missis
sippi river can- well Imagine what m
monster tne secimen oi the prehistoric
ages must hare been, especially as then
it is supposed to have had only one
great bitr eye in the middle of Its fore
head. 1'rof. Bash fold Dean of the Col
lege of the City of New York has con-
fish commissioners which will soon be
issued. This article treats of the
habile of the fifth as It Is now found in
almost all of the ponds and rivers of
the north, and contains something of a
scientific nature concerning the ances
try oi the nan and tne leviathan pro
portions ox tne gran dial hers oi the
The features of tho common bull
head, or cattish, are well kuown and
familiar to every lis her man. Its head
is broad and ugly-looking, and is targe
in proportion to the rest of the body;
nor ns project irom tne top nn aud the
two side tins, which are exceedingly
painful to come in contact with, as
many nsaermen can testily, x he bead
is a tenacious, hard mass of bone, in
the side of which two little, wicked
looking eyes peep out. The skin is
tongh and hard to penetrate. Prof.
Dean, after examination,- has come to
the conclusion that the cattish was a
sort of ichibyological eye I ops, that
most have been a terror in its time.
With a size of porpoise proportions, a
bide like' that of a rhinoceros. tremend
ous horns, and armored head, the
pachyderm must have been a horrible
ight as well as a tremendous tighter.
The idea that there was only one eye
ts derived from the peculiar formation
of the bead. In the middle of the fore
head is a depression which is believed,
according- to those who make a study
of the physical construction of geolo
gical remains, to be the socket of an
eye. The habits of the class of fishes
to which the catfish " belongs would
seem to add evidence to '. tho theory.
The catfish is fond of working in the
mud and burying Itself In the slimy
ooze that lines the bottom of ponds and
rivers. Iu the winter it hibernates and
only comes out iu the spring when a
thunder-shower gi res warning of com
ing warm weather-or jnore probably
wakes It. - -
In the geological ages, when the fish
were immense and enemies were
abundant.it was necessary that the cat
fish should be well' provided with
means of defense as well as able to at
tack the other forms of life that it
needed as food. ..-Just as now 'it lies in
the mad waiting for its -prey. -Its dark
skin having the color of the "bottom, so
that the approaching water spider,
worm, or bug has not the , slightest
suspicion of Sanger, so in the c4d ages
the big cyclopian. secure in a great pit
in the niud, patiently waited for the
coming of prey, the great single orb
peering ont from the mud and mire
capable of observing any distarbance
eitljcr on the side or overhead. The
heavy coating of impenetrable armor
made it as safe from the attack of other
animals of the deep as was the knight
of the crusades against the- flight of
arrows from a barbarian tribe. The
waters must hove fairly boiled when it
sallied forth from its hiding-place and
the mod had been flung aside as from
a giant dredge. Some idea of its ap
pearance can be formed by in imagina
tion dressing the Mississippi specimen
in this silcirian armor. It requires the
blow of a beetle to crush in the head of
the big western cattish. What must it
have required to open up the craninm
of the monster whose bead was armored
with a hard bone plate?
If the ancestral catfish was as' quar
relsome as the fish of today its home
must have been the scene of constant
gigantic encounters. The little fellows,
comparatively speaking, of the Jersey
ponds are very irritable fish. In the
spawning season especially the males
are great fighters, and specimens are
often caught in a crippled condition
as well as bearing marks of marine
battles. These tights are among them
selves, but they also are constantly at
tacking other varieties of fish. The
reason that the other varieties remain
in the same ponds with the cattish is
because they can swim faster and thus
escape from the violent and pugnacious
As a food fish the catfish is a success.
When once the thick hide is removed
the flesh is tender aud sweet and makes
a fine dish. There is a great difference
in the quality of the flesh according to
the season when the fish is caught.
After winter's sojourn in the mgd the
taste u naturally oi a mpouyiiavorw 1
The specimens taken in V
streams are aloHteh hett - ,
purposes than those e&agii
stagnant ponds. To soak them
water for a time before placing
on the frying pan is a good plan (
the muddy flavor is partially J
wholly gotten rid of - -" . . f.
The best time to catch catiJ;. .:
after a rainstorm. Hoffjr water a
to be the desire of the species and'
travel about at such times In seart
food. The coin moo earthworm la si
as good bsit as can he found and
must be something the matter wr '
internal arrangements of a ibd) of -,
species that will not accept the we ., .
dropped down Into the water before J
eyes. Thousands of cattish are cjpjj .
every year by the conn try bog ,
they usually are the first kind of
be caught by the beginner In
science of angling. ,
SAVEp BY PREggNTlMENTiT1
ftraaa; sad Myaterlowe Wrttlnsa Bead.
la Time Ut Kaeatp DmIb, j
"I want to tell you a tory, si -Dr.
Moiiere, a well-known physician
to a reporter of the San i ranrtaet
Chronicle. "I'm not a superstitluuj
man. nor do I believe in dreams, b4
for the third or fourth time In mr U
I was saved by a premonition. I got -aboard
car No. 81 on the Batter strset
line at the ferry yesterday, to ride w
to my office. As usual, 1 wlke0
the forward end of the car, took a see
in the corner with my back to ta
driver, and, pulling a paper from tr
pwiei, was soon deeply enjrroea
the news. Suddenly something satau '
me, Go to the other end of the car,V
Acting on impulse. 1 changed my seat, '
and so rapid were my movements that
ine otner passengers in the car notice
them. Remember, I was sitting in the
first place with my back to the driver.
I was paying no attention to anything
but my newspaper, and the ore mom -
tion, if I may so call It, could not bar
eotne from any outside Influence, such - ,
as seeinir aDnroachinsr dan ire r. Iut.
sir, 1 had not been in my new se
more than five seconds when tb ?
ton true of m, beavilr loadmt wetm
crushed through the side of the cai
just where I bad been first seated, and
bad 1 not changed my seat my back
would have been broken by the wagon 5
"As 1 said," continued the doctor,
I am not superstitious, but the inc.-
dent I have just related, taken in con- J
nectlon with other Incidents of a aim- t
liar nature occurring In my life, make C
me believe in spite of myself that there
is a -divinity tnat shapes our ends,
rongh-hew them bow we will.
In answer to a question as to what i
similar warning or premonition of
danger be had ever received. Dr.
Molieresaid: "Well, one time I was
riding oo the Michigan Central rail-
road. It was a bitter cold night, and
when 1 entered the car my feet seemed
frozen. I walked forward and took
seat next to the stove in the forward--
part of the car, putting my feet os the
fender. Id a short time a gentleman
changed his seat and came and sat be
side me. JLhe train was running at a 3
high rate of speed, and the draught
soon made the beater in the car red -hot.
Suddenly there came to m a
premonition of danger, and. turning to "
my compauion, 1 said: 'If we should""-'""
meet with au accident, a collision, for
instance, you and I would be la a bad
place. We would certainly be hurled
on a red hot sove' At the same in
stant, and before my seat mate could
reply, the impulse to grasp the end of 1
tne seat came upon me so strong l
could not resist it and hardly had my
fingers closed upon the rail of the seat
when there came a crash and the car
we were in was thrown violently from ,
the track. I clung to the seat, and
my companion, when thrown forward,
narrowly missed the stove. My posi
tion in the seat was such that had I
been pitched headlong as be was I
could uot have missed the heater. A
broken rail caused the accident, but
what caused me to grasp-the seat as I
did I won Id like to know. 11
Speaking of Dr. Moiiere' s story to a
sporting man, the latter said: "Well,
1 ve had the same sort of experience
once or twice in my life. I'm super
stitious. I admit it. Of course fel
lows laugh at me, but for all that t be
lieve I've got some sort of a guardian
angel that whispers to me when I'm
in danger. Maybe it's one of the
wrong sort, for they do say the devil
takes care of his own; bat wrong or
right as to kind. I know one thing cer
tain, that my life has been saved more
than once. One time I was at a race
course and was up in the grand stand.
i was nroKe and wanted to keep away
from the boys. There were not many
people on the stand; it wasn't half
tilled, bat suddenly 1 felt an impulse
which fairly drove me out of the place.
I had not got clear down the stairs
when the whole stand went down with
a crash, and the fellow who was sitting
riirht navfr a ma aaa amokxl
alt semblance to humanity by a great
big beam that smashed the whole row
of seats we were in. That is not the
only time that I have been warned,
and if the what-is-it would only whis
per to me when I go to put my money
on the wrong horse I'd be a millfcon
aire in a month.11
Saved by His Wire's Quick Wis.
This is going the rounds of our ex
changes: The Rev. Dr. Clinton Locke,
the popular Episcopal clerervman of
Chicago, made a bad break the other
day, bnt was helped out by the quick
wit of his wife. On the day in ques
tion he saw a lady about to call whom
he waa anxious not to meet. So he
said to his wife: Now I'm off my
dear. I'll run up-stairs and escape till
she goes away." After about an hour
he quietly tip-toed to the stair landing
and listened. All was quiet below.
Reassured, he began to descend, and,
while doing so. be thoughtlessly but
emphatically called out over the banis
ter: "Well, my dear, has that old
bore gone at last?" The next instant -a
voice from below caused the cold
perspiration to bedew his ministerial
brow and rooted him to the spot.
There came a response which sounded -inexpressibly
sweet to him just then.
It was the voice of his wife, who, with
true womanly tact, replied: "Yes.
darling, she went away over an hour
ago; but here is our good .friend, Mrs.
Blank, whom I am sure yon want to
The policemen of Savannah cam-
revolvers strapped to their belts in
plain sight. They are armed with
short clubs as well. They cannot ud
liuiber their shooting irons any quick
er than a New York policeman who
usually carries hia in his hip pocke-'
can do H; but most of the offer? '
with whom the Savannah - ,.
has to deal are darkies, tir , - ;
of a weapon in itself, fr
effect on tntm