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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1882)
Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, December 5, 188
THE BOTTOM OP THE AT-
In ji lecture delivered at the
National Academy of Sciences,
Columbia college, says the New
York Sun, Prof. A. E. Verrili, of
Yale college, describes the physi
cal and geological character of
our coast, especially that which
lies beneath the gulf stream. He
has made 1,500 observations this
summer for the United States fish
commission. He has cruised from
Labrador to Chesapeake bay and
about 200 miles. out to sea. About
sixty miles outside of Nantucket
is a streak of very cold water, and
animals dredged up are like those
caught in the waters of Green
land, Spitzbergen, or Siberia. The
water is fifty fathoms deep and the
bed of the ocean is of clay. Uoul
ders weighing 800 or 1,000 pounds
are dredged up. Prof. Verrili be
lieves they are brought down by
icebergs from the arctic regions and
dropped when the ice melts. The
boulders are found as far south as
Long Island. Further out to sea,
seventy to one hundred and
twentr miles from the southeast
ern coast of New England, the
bottom of the sea, which has in
elined very gradually eartward,
forming a table land, takes a sud
den dip downward, so that where
as, the water on the edge of the
bluff is 100 fathoms deep, at the
bottom of the basin it is 1,000
fathoms deep. The slope is as
high and as steep as Mount Wash
ington, and on its summit, which
is level, a diver, could he go to so
low a depth, could not put out his
hand without touching a living
creature. The bottom of the sea
is covered just there with a fauna
which has never before been
found outside of the Mediterra
nean, the trull or Mexico, the In-
fllb' m r-hor frnrirnl rnmnno 'Plin
iMaaber of SDecies of fish dredfred
-1P A 0
op :s ouu, ana over nan or them
ifcfcve never before been seen by
mtur&lists. Seventy kinds of fish.
rtmnety of Crustacea, and 270 mol-
Vlttfiks have been added to our
vfauriR. The age of many of the
jpecimens shows that they must
i -rbe permanent in that region. The
trowel let down from the ship by
a mile of rope brings up a ton of
- living and dead crabs, shrimps, star
fish, and as the trowel simply
-scrapes over a small surface, the
ocean bed is plainly carpeted with
Sharks are seen by thousands in
this region, and countless dolphins,
N but seems strange that not a fish
bone is ever dredged up. A piece
", "" of wood may bo dredged up once
c j, , year, due it is noneycomueu uv
fine boring shell fish, and falls to
h pieces at the touch of the hand.
-"This shows what destruction is
- -"v ; constantly going on in those
" oeptns. ii a snip sinks at sea
" ' V .tfith all on board, it would be eat
r x5 P by fish with the exception of
&tbe metal and that would corrode
- and disappear. Not a bone of
a-human body would remain after
ji.few days. It is a constant dis-
. "ay of the survival of the fittest.
Nothing made by the hand of man
was dredged up after cruising for
" smiths in the track of ocean ves
sels except coal clinkers shoved
"overboard from steamships. Here
Prof. Verrili corrected himself.
X Twenty-five miles from land he
dredged up an India rubber doll.
'That, he said, was one thing the
fish could not eat.
r1 Here the gulf stream is forty
miles further west than the map
j shows, Prof. Verrili continued;
and this stream of warm water
from the south nourishes the tropi
cal life near Massachusetts. The
tanperature further in shore is 33
degrees in August, on the edge of
tfeejsubmarine Mount Washington
N it degrees, and towards the bot
jtoea of the basin, 39 degrees,
wkile further out to sea the tem-
v ftentare grows colder. On the
surface the -jelly fish, nautilus, and
the Portuguese man-of-war, with
sfcar trapieal fish are found. In
tftifbeH the tile fish, about which
9 fpss&fc was sakLa year ago, were
-,Spsd Ik JjatSMse quantities, but
r, jucaomgn expeamons
inads 'for the express
purpose of catching some, not one
could be taken. Undoubtedly
they had been killed to a fish by a
storm, which carried the cold
water into the gulf stream; indeed,
it is known that a cold current of
water resting on the ocean's bed
may contain arctic fish and a cur
rent of warm water, floating over
it may be alive with tropical fish.
As to the quantity of light at
the bottom of the sea there has
been much dispute. Animals
dredged from below 700 fathoms
either have no eyes, or faint indi
cations of them, or else their eyes
are very large or protruding.
Crab's eyes are four or five times
as large as those of a crab from
the surface water, which shows
that light is feeble, and that eyes
to be of any use must be large
and sensitive. Another strange
thing is that when the creatures
in those lower depths have any
color, it is of orange red, or red
dish orange. Sea anemones,
corals, shrimps and crabs, have
this brilliant color. Sometimes it
is pure red, and in many speci
mens it inclines toward purple.
Not a green or blue fish is found.
The orange red is the fish's pro
tection, for the bluish green light
in the bottom of the ocean makes
the orange or red fish appear of a
neutral tint, and hides it from
enemies. Many animals are black,
others neutral in color. Some
fish are provided with boring tails,
so that they can burrow in the
mud. Finally, the surface of the
sub-marine mountain is covered
with shells, like an ordinary sea
beach, showing that it is the eat
ing house of vast schools of carni
vorous animals. A codfish takes
a whole oyster into its mouth,
cracks the shells, digests the meat,
and spits out the rest. Crabs
crack the shells and suck out the
meat. In that way come whole
mounds of shells that are dredged
Murder cf "Wapato Dave."
An old Indian, famed all over
Oregon, and known as "Wapato
Dave," with his wife, were found
dead last Tuesday near "Willia
mina, in Yamhill county, both
lying with their heads nearly
severed from their bodies, evident
ly from blows with an ax in a
powerful hand. The same day
Tom Gilbert, another Indian who
belongs to the Grand Itondc
Indian agency, came from "Willa
mina into that reservation fearfully
drunk, and exhibiting a strange
and weird aspect. The Indian
was locked up, and the next
morning the horrible story of the
murder of "SYapato Dave and his
India wife was brought to the
agent, Mr. P. B. Sinnott. At the
same time the information was
brought that Gilbert had attacked
Daniel, the son of Yapato Dave,
and he being young and active,
got away with a badly Mattered
face and a frightful cut on his
hand, barely escaping with his
life. Mr. Sinnott immediately
organized a jury of Indians to in
quire into the murder, and the
result of their investigation was to
charge the crime upon Tom Gil
bert. Mr. Sinnott put the accused
in irons and at once wrote down
to U. S. District Attorney Watson
to know how he should proceed in
the case. Judge Watson has the
case under advisement, and will
soon decide whether the case shall
be tried by state court or by
tribal law. Under the United
States law the United States
courts cannot try cases where
Indians have committed crimes
upon the person or property of an
Wapato Dave, the murdered
man, has had a most i emarkable
career. The truthful records of
his life would make a volume of
ten times the excitement and
interest found by the average
young American in the famous
Indian novels. He was chief of
the once famous tribe of Wapato
Indians, the most powerful of the
aborigines of the Willamette
valley. It is impossible to tell his
age. The earliest white settlers
of this valley remember him as an
old man when they first knew him.
He was often called into counsel
in any difficulty between white
men and Indians themselves, and
by his usual keensiirhtednpss and
remarkable good sense he often
prevented great difficulties and
bloodshed. But the later years of
Dave's life have been marked by
the influence and example of
civilization. He had a great de
sire to ape the white man's habits
and ambitions. Among the Indi
ans and in their courts at the
reseivation he became a great
lawyer, and was often employed to
conduct cases before their courts.
He was regarded as the most
eminent pleader at the bar, and
made many an honest penny in
their petty cases. He h id a for
midable rival in an Indian named
Connoyer, who practiced at the
same bar. But Dave said he
lacked education and proper dis
cernment in choosing and present
ing his legal points. As before
stated, Dave, having traveled ex
tensively all over Oregon, was
known to almost everybody, es
pecially old Oregonians. He has
often visited Portland, and was in
this city only about a month ago
in the interest of some of his cli
ents. He was so old that he had
become completely blind. His
murder may afford his rival In
dian attorney a chance to win fame
as a defender of the murderer in
the tribal court. But it is most
likely so horrible an affair will be
put into the state court. The ex
citement in Yamhill county is in
tense over this double murder, and
the developments will be watched
with eager interest by the thou
sands who have known Dave and
respected him for his later upright
"On behalf of St. Jacobs Oil I
must say a word," writes "NVm.
Stansbur, Lancaster, Pa, "K is a
never-failing remedy. I uscdit for
a sweenied horse, and it proved so
satisfactory that I would not be
without it in my business. I must
alwaj's have it.'
Ben Perley Poore, in discus
sing Thurlow Weed's revelations
as to the fate of William Morgan,
is credited with saying that when
in Smyrna, forty years ago, he
gathered evidence equally good to
show that Morgan died in that dis
tant land after having regularly
received quarterly remittances from
the United States. .s
Tills powder neer arles. A man el of
purity, strength and u holesonieness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot be sold in competition with the mul
titude of low test, short weight, alum or
phosphate jKiwders. Sold onlj in catw.
ltOYAL llAKIXC POWDEIt CO.. 10C "Wall-SL,
King of the Blood
Is not a "cure all," It is a blood-puriflcr and
tonic Impurity of the blood ioisons the sys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus In
duces many disorders, known bv different
names to distinguish them according to ef
fects, but being really branches or phases of
that great generic disorder, ImpHrity et
Bleed. Such are Dimycptla, mUlousness,
Liver Complaint, Constipation, Narrow Dis
order. Headache, Backache, General VTealt
ues. Heart Dleac,Dropty. Kidney DUcae,
Pile, Hhcumatlfiin, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin
Disorders, Pimple. Ulcer. Sicclllnas, dc.
dc. Kins or the .Bleed, prevents and
Atitvtc tlincn lx9 tttin1lffirr tltn ftnm Tinmi4tt?
of the blood. Chemists and physicians agree
in calling it "the most genuine and efficient
preparation for the purpose." Sold by Drug
gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc
tions, &c, in pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases
ot thn mood' wrapped around each bottle.
J). KAASOM, SUM U0..1TOM
Heuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Preparation on earth equals St. J woes Oil
as a safe, rure, simple and cheap External
Bemedjr. A trial entails bnt the comparatively
trifling outlay of 60 Cents, and etery ono suffer
ing with pain can hiTo cheap and padtirc proof
of iU claim.
Directions in Eleven Language.
BOLD BY ALLDBUGGI8TB AST) DEALEB8
A. VOGELER & CO.,
Baltimore, 2Sd., XT. 8. A.
A Sure Cure for Snoring.
Take a wire that is a little
longerthan the mouth of the sleep
er is wide and paste some pieces
of paper on the wire, so that it
will act as a windmill. On 'one of
the pieces of paper pin a feather.
The wind that comes with the snore
will cause the paper windmill to
revolve, and thu feather will lickle
his nose. lie will wake up mad at
first, and throw the windmill away,
but another should be provided and
inserted in the mouth. After four
trials he will quit snoring forever.
This is the way Ave were cured,
and it is ten years since we snored
a single solo. Milwaukee Sun.
By direction of the President a
general order announces a military
post on the south side of the
Golden Gate entrance to the bay
of San Francisco, now known as
Fort Point, hereafter to.be known
as "Fort Win field Scott," in honur
of the late General Scott, and the
military post at Black Point. San
Francisco harbor, nowknovu as
Fort San Jose, be known as "Fort
Mason,5' in honor of the Lite Gen.
Mason, Military Governor of Cal
ifornia. A LETTER Tm GERMANY.
M. t..:c, January 9, 1SS2.
Very eMcemod slr:
The praise your Lier Pills lt:ic called
forth here is wonderful. After taking ono
and a half boxes of your genuine DIt. C.
MrLAXI?S LIVER PILLS, I have en
tirely recovered from my fouryears'Mitrer
Ing. All who know me wonder how I,
who, for so many years, had no apiwntc,
and could not sleep for backache, Miu-h
in my hide, and general stomach rum
plaints, could have recovered.
An old lady lu our city, who has vu-,.re,i
for many years from kidney disc im. ami
the doctors had given her up, took two of
your Pills, and got more relief tiiim sln
has from all the doctors. Yosit- ir:it.
j. von di:k i:eg.
BEWARE OF IMITATION
The genuine are never sugar-coated.
Every box. has n red wax heal on the lid,
with the impressien: 3IcLnne' Lior
The genuine aicLANES LIVER
PILLS bear the signature of C. 3I Lnne
and Fleming Bros, on the wrapper.
Insist upon having the genuine UH. C.
McLAXE'S LIVER PILLS, piepapMl by
Fleming Bros., of Pittsburgh, Pa.. She
market being full of Imitations of the
name McLane, spelled differently, but of
If your storekeeper docs not hae the
genuine 1R. C. McLANE'S rm.i:
1IRATEI LIVER PILLS, send Us y."
cents, and wc wifl send you a. box by nriil,
and n set of our advertising cards.
FLEMING BROS., Fiftsbnrgli, Pn.
A. V. Allen,
(SUCCRiWOll TO PAGE & ALLEN.)
Wholesale and retail dea'er in
Glass and Piated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
ROSCOE'S FIRST CLASS
Oyster Saloon. 0
CiM'.VAMl'N STREET. ASTUKIA.
rilHK ITXDKItSICXKn IS PLEASED TO
.S. announce to the public tli.it lie lias op
And rumKlip in flrt-clai stjlc
oyster-, nor coffee tea, etc.
Ladies' and Gent's Oyster Saloon,
ci i exam us street.
Pli'.vse give me a call.
A. M. JOHNSON & Co.,
Elopes :iml 'ortf:ic ofnll kinds.
Illoelis. I'alonl ami 33 ct inline of
The Genuine Oeson's Scotch
Salmon nel Twines.
Mermaid Twines: Canvas, all
To'.ss Copper Tipped Oars.
The bestUNSOrtment of
The Best COFEEES and TEAS.
Try on rltlclrosc Baiting Powder
Positively the best ever made.
of all kinds put up bj hest PacKCrs.
Hichardson's and Uobbin's Canned Goods.
Terms Cash. Profits Small.
aa-GIVE US A CALL-SU
Corner Main and Chonamus Streets,
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
JOSEPH RODCERS & SONS
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
AND THE GENUINE W0STENH0LM
and other ISncluh Cutlery. .
FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS
Genuine Meershaum Pipes, etc,
A fine stock of
WntrhcM and .Fewelry, Muzzle aad
Itrcceh ro:idiiir Shot Gnns aad
RtfleN, KcvnUcrH, IMntolH.
ALSO A FINK
Assortment or Hue SPFCTACLES and EYE
B. B. FRANKLIN,
Comer Cuss and Squemoqhe streets,
ASTORIA. --- - OREGON
Leinenweber & Co.,
i, LP.tXKVWKKKIt. II. IlltOW.V.
TAMES MB CURRRIES,
Manufacturers and Importers of
1.1. KINDS OK
.a JB crr..A. !?
Wholesale Dealers in
OIL ANT) TALLOW.
e5-II'ghcst cash pr.ee paid for Hides and
LOBB & CO.,
AtiENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
J39A goods sold at San Francisco Trices.
OpiKisilc Parker House. Astoria, Oregon.
ulIackinetacTc." a lasting and fra
grant perfume. Trleo 25 and CO cents.
Sold by W.E. Dement.
i-H im H c z
5 r- L p A o KaKU o it r jE CD
- !- "T Ci rfflBsi i k 2 VJ tt tt
! 1I17TT-T-T A HIT 'VTCk'Ilir'Bl i
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All kinds of
Boat Material, Etc.
j Boats of all Kinds Made to Order. I
E-Orders from a distance promptly attended
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Benton Street, Neaii Parker House,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work,
and Cannery Work a specialty. ?
Or all Descriptions made to Order
at SShort Xotloc. Jj-
A. D. "Wass, President. ' ;
J. (J. IIusTLFit, Secretary .
I. "W. Casf, Treasurer. M
John Fox, Superintendent
S. ARNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
, .,-ot -fir
Boiler; Shop g
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
OF IVFAYETTE STREET.
Wilson & Fisher,
Iron, Steel, Coal, Anchors, Chains,
TAR, PITCH, OAKUM,
WROUGHT AND CUT GALVANIZED
Nails. Copper Nails and Burrs,
Shelf Hardware, Faints and Oils
Rubber and Hemp Packinq of all Kinds.
flour aisi auix rJEEl.
Agents for Salem Flouring Mills.
Corner Chenamus and Hamilton Street?
ASTORIA.. OREGON. '
Cedar Street Grade.
NOTICE is hereby given that the
Common Council of the City of Astoria,
Oregon, propose to establish the grade
along the line of Cedar street from the
wet end of Cedar street to the -nest
side of West-nth street in Shively's As
toria, as follews: at the intersection of
West-ninth and Cedar streets, 35 feet
above the base of grades; at the inter
section of West-8th and Cedar streets,
f3 feet above the base of grades; at the
intersection of West-7th and Cedar
streets, 42 feet above the base of grades,
and at the intersection of West-sixth
and Cedar streets, .13 feet above the base
By order of the Common Council.
Auditor and Clerk.
Nov. 22, 1882. 10td
For Sale. t
LOT C, BLOCK 1215. SHIVEIAASTOELA
occupied by James McGeXc<h all the
buildings and improvementsjmteon. Terms
easy. Enquire of wJStnnmr
' Real Estate Acent.
to, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases.
TC C. HOLDEN,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND
T. JT. C. SMASTKft,
- x ? J riias, "?
Ament lorlMtt7mMtr?BnmmTlt ttiiri
i l jHanur?,' Oanwuiy. vti.iL tkK f&
McrarjUKCz aau AccicMM-iMfjUKwuiv.
r Office over. Wells, ttrft t- Ctfzmtwm"K
I i lUiW m. M-.m.wwmm,wm,'r T
,tn m. rAnJuui' .jd--i
W A K1 n . w m' jSTK -, ii-.W.
v vnvi:vrut-nci: .!i3&&
Clatsop Ccum y, aaC City f A ilv
Olllce :-Ciienamus street, Y. M. C. A. half
Room No. 8.
p . WIKTON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
es-Offlce in rytlilan Building. Rooms 11, 12.
ASTORIA, - - - - OREGON.
JAY TUTTIiE, M. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Okfick Rooms 1,2, and S. Pythian Bulld
injr. Kkmdknck Over Elberson's Bakery, op
posite IJarth & Myers' Saloon.
k Li. FCIiTOX. M. D.
f hyHiclan and Sarseaa.
OFFICE Over A. V.Allen's grocery store.
Rooms, at the Parker House.
X4I P. IIICKS,
ASTORLV, - - - OREGON
Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, comer
of Cass and Sqemocqbe streets.
T E. LaFOECE,
Dental Boons ever Case 8tre,
Clicnanuui Street, - - Astoria, Oregon.
Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chenamus Street. - ASTORIA. OREGO
G. A. STINSON & CO.,
At Capt. Rogers old stand, corner of Cass
and Court Streets.
Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing.
Wagons made and repaired. Good work
NEAT. CHEAP AND QUICK, BY
Main Street, opposite N. Lneb's,
Agency for the National Beer.
Beer delivered In any part of the elty.
TnE RANKIN THIS PLACE WILL CLOSR
on and after Monday, 4th hist, at 3
o-ciocK. Aii customers are Kmaiy requested
10 rane uue nonce ana govern laemseivc
accordingly. jl. tv.uase.
Astoria, uecemoer 1,1882. - tf