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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (June 19, 1876)
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ASTORIA, OREGON :
. C. IRFI,AXI EDITOR
3I0NDAY. v...... .June 19, 187G.
CENTENNIAL PAPERS. No. 4.
Tie American Colonist in Oregon.
By Rev. George H. At'liinson, D. D.
Four years of trial of i;he provision
al governmen'tjimder the executive care
of Hon. George Abernetlry, (clw
sen twice to the office) proved its
wise adaptation to the wants of the
people. No better testimonial need
be required to the wisdom of the laws
or that of their execution.
Meanwhile the bitterness against
the Americans became strong against
missions, ancl more against the man
who had risked his life to save the
State and open a surer and wider field
for his own work of blessing the Indian
tribes. Some of -the -crowd who wel
comed Jesus dnto Jerusalem with
hosannas, no doubt joined the other
crowd, who cried: "-Away with him !"
" Crucify him, crucify him )" So tins
savage crew, who had received many
favors from Dr. "Whitman's hands, and
had pledged him their hearts, were
skillfully turned against him. and
-roused to slay him and his family and
guests, November 29th, lS'-AT.
This cruel tragedy made a profound
impression in Oregon and throughout
the country. The settlers organized
a military force and marched into the
Indian country, defeated the Indians
in several battles, and caused the mur
ders to be brought to trial and execu
tion under the United States territorial
laws after Gen. Jos. Lane became Gov
ernor. By this prompt action the
poVevof the Xnrericans was felt and
impressed on all the tribes. Pearce
and prosperity attended the growing
settlements, but there were still inter
ests of. education, of jurisprudence, of
agriculture and of commerce needing
While urging the Government of
the United States to extend its author
ity over. Oregon, the author of the
Territorial bill, passed by Congress
August 14th, 1848, Hon, J. Q. Thorn
ton, among others and in addition to
the provisions excluding slavery, as
the people had twice voted, and -the
seventeenth 'section, enforcing con
tracts made under the provisional gov
ernment, also inserted ftie twentieth
section, granting the sixteenth and
thirty-sixth section in every township
for free schools. This agtgave impulse
and security to this vast blessing for
the present and all future time. Other
genpnieii connected with the various
'missions,- or independently of them
liave established primary schools, sem
inaries, academies and colleges that
have alreaay ,given an education of
more or less extent -to thousands of
rnipils. The same men, with others,
have aided in establishing 'tkt. system
of public instruction now sustained by
lirwand equal taxation, .which is grow
ing iu power and value. Our 'churches,
founded by these pioneers, rank with
those -of other States. Jjii'the legisla
tive and executive departments there
have been wrought out .onw -of the
best results of -self-government. Our
judicial bench has not suffered in com
parison with, that of any other State.
The gentleman, who represents the
Supreme Court of the .United States
has the distinguished honor of the
approval of most of his Viucisions by
that chief tribunal
Afruitful soil and genial climate
have stimulated the agriculturist until
our farms rival those of any State in
production of vegetables, fruits and
cereals, in the display, and use of the
most improved implements, in the
number and quality of the Hocks and
herds, in the annual' outlay for improve
ments, and the annual exports of the
world's commerce. The forests, the
-&sherie3 and the mines have enlisted
the energies of 'increasing numbers,
while swift steamers prying our rivers,
vjtd our fleets of commerce on the sea
attest the skill df our mariners, the
excellence of our harbors, and the
"breadth of mercantile enterprise.
The American colonist m Oregon
has-founded a State which takes equal
rank with the other thuty-seven of the
'Union in thc&itelHgonce of its con
stituency, the dignhty pf its represen
tation, and the "strength of its patriot
ism. 5ii the extent of its area and the
variety and richness of its resources,
its mines of coal and iron and the
serious metals, its vast wheat land
prairies, its.rrand forests, noble rivers
and. bays, lxjrdering the Pacific as
ifranc& and England do the Atlantic, .
TfcTs- destined to become a rival of the
" cEief States of the republic.
As.'tha peaceful and successful fouxir-
ders of christian State, the American
colonists in Oregon have been clearly
led by the guidance of the Prince of
When mere commercial plans failed,
and when the opposing policies of a
wealthy corporation imperiled the
infant colony, it was found that men
connected with the various missions
first and last were among the chief
leaders .and most efficient saviors of
When the future historian shall
write up the records of this State for
the hundreds of thousands who will
dwell where we now do, it will be his
pleasant duty to inscribe the highest
honors to the Pioneer AmcricanColonisk
of Oregon, and place the name of the
martyr, Whitman", above them all.
June 10 1876. J
Your letter addressed to me, came
duly to hand. Briefly I will say to
you, that there is plenty of good land
in Nehalem valley for settlement
for hundreds of settlers. As to your
first question the land al nig the river
is mostly timbered, though many
large scrils are brush or grass lands,
the uplands are burnt woods with
some small prairies, in my opinion
the maple and alder land on and near
the river is very good for farms. The
fish and game are very plenty, of the
verr best, such as elk, deer and bear,
the best fish are salmon trout.
The tiver is large enough for steam
boats, from the tipper settlement to
the Pacific ocean, distance seventy
five miles, with good land the entire
way, so I am told, though the best
portion I -saw, when I' was there, was
at the big bend, between the upper
and lower settlement, for a distance
of fourteen miles, and only twelve
miles from the Columbia river, at
this place with comparatively a level
countr to pass over. A good wagon
road can be had from Forest Grove,
via Nehalem vallej', to she river at
this place and nearly on a direct line
which in a short time will make the
most practicable shipping point for
those living on Rock creek, and the
east fork of the Nehalem.
It is a very health country un
doubtedly both for man and animals,
as there are a great number of salt
springs between here and there, and
salting stock is unnecessary in the
vicinity of those mineral or salt
springs. In short it is a good place to
locate, so it seems, for one hundred
settlers have found comfortable
homes, and all seem well satisfied.
A company will start from here on
the 14th, to locate claims in the val
ley, and make a road also, directly
from here in a westerly direction.
C. G. Caples.
Tide Tabic lor Astoria.
(From tables of United States Coast Survey.)
17 8 33 S 44 2 3i t :i
IS i) 14 '.) 48 3 44 3 28
li! 10 52 .10 311 4 5 4 2")
20 11 57 11 22 3 53 5 23
21 o oo 1 VU 6 55 U 22
22 0 15 2 03 7 ffl 7 10
23 1 11 2 3i 8 51 8 14
24 2 01 3 42 0 :W 9 OS
25 2 43 4 141 10 13 9 58
20 3 40 -1 53 10 48 10 53
The height is reckoned from tho level of av-
crago lowest water, to which the soundings aro
given on tho Coast Survey charts. When tho
time in tho a. m. column is followed by iit is
afternoon, and when in tho p. in. column by a
it is forenoon.
Spkcial Notice. Wo shall not, cannot, in
future, answer letters of inquiry written to us
by parties desirous of settling in (.regon, un
loss such letters of inquiry contain at least the
amount of stamps necessary 10 pay postage on
the return letter. Kor 2 cents wo will for
ward four copies of rm: Astoiuw, of separ
ate dates, to any address in tho United States,
A girl to do general house work.
-fjj' "Wages $25 to $30 per month.
Noiae but n good hand need apply.
Apply at Mus DAGGETT'S.
A TTENTION SIR:KNIGUTS.
There will -be a moelihs of the An-ti-chinoe
club t -the 'Court -Hotfee on Sat
u t day, 17th, at S o'clock sharp. Only
members and those willing to become
inembpra will be admitted. Business im
portant. By order A. H. SALE, Pres.
-A&- Five Dollahs Reward. will Tie
paid to be lindur of a small pass b'ooky
with letters in it. nddre.-sed to Thomas E.
L. Logan and Thomas and Jame Logan.,
which was lost on Saturday June 3d, be
tween Astoria and upper town,revuid paid
on leaving the book at this offiee, or at
the residence -of Mr.. Goslin at upper
BAY VIEW HOUSE,
BAKER'S BAY, UNITY, T.
-i ,1 It. DEXTER INFORMS THE PUBLIC
iYJL that his House is now open for tho re
ception of guests. Its advantages in every
respect over any other Summer Ke?ort are
too well known to Oregonians to repeat hore.
To sti angers I will say that the place is in
plain sight and across tho Bay from Astoria,
on tho sheltered side of Cape Hancock, and
very near and adjacent to the Fort and Light
house, on Baker's Bay, a beautiful sheet of
water, unoiualed for Sailing, Bowing, Kshing
and Bathing. The dark forest with its pic
turesque drives, its mountain springs, profu
sion of wild berries, wild tlowers and ferns,
tho horse trail to tho Cape for Equestrians or
walkers is one of the most delight ul Pano
ramas to the eye ever witnessed. The beaches
its caves, luxuriantly wooded Islands, its
views of .Astoria, Chinook, Fort Stevens, moist
eld Tillamook, in the blue distance.
The courteous hospitality of the officers of
tho Harrison at tho Fort, and also of" Mr.
Munson and family, of tho Light-house, mako
that place well worthy ot a visit.
Tho Salt ater Bathing in the bay. within a
fow feet of tho hotel, excels anything far or
near, for warmth of the water and mildness of
its waves, far preferable to tho heavy surf and
cold winds for women, children and invilids,
while tho sturdy swimmer or those who lovo
the foaming surf, in a few miuntes walk will
Find a beach unsurpassed in beauty, hard and
level for one continuous drive of thirty niilos.
At this end are huge rocks stretching out into
the ocean, from which tishormen take from the
sea Buss, uockiish. Tom Cod. Pogies. etc.. etc.,
Crab'. Clams, Oysters &c, in abundance,
and the Table will never lack a sufficiency of
thos dcsirablo adjuncts, hunts upon the Bay,
Saddlo Ponies for the children, Teams to the
Weather Beach. Croquet, Swings, Quoits, etc..
FKKK to Guests.
Prices reduced from tfiG old tariff.
To tho?e who would like to camp out. wood
and water and use of ground free. Groceries,
provisions, milk, eggs, butter, etc.. for sale at
a small prolit. Campers can board at the
Hotel if they prefer, at fair rates. A largo
Livery Stable, two new and tine Ten Pin
Alleys, attached to tho place.
Stage office to Uystervillo, Postoffico, "Wells.
Fargo & Co's office also thero. Xo raw winds
or damp fogs, and inoro beautiful tracts and
shadv groves cannot bo found. The only re
gret the Landlord has, is that the house is not
larger ; but his grounds aro largo enough and
beautiful enough to warrant next season a
Hotel worthy of any souroundings.
C. It. JKXTIt, Proprietor.
B. HAMBURGER MERCHANDISE
1776. CENTENNIAL 1876.
The Undersigned beg leave
to call the attention of
the public to his re
cent arrival of
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS
GENTS AND YOUTHS
CIOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES,
Hats and Caps,
A special invoice of Centen
nial Flag Calico just received call
ain street, Astoria, Oregon.
Columbia Bar Saloon
Jas. M. Lynch Proprietor,
H. Cutter's and Miller's
Extra Old Bourbon
W. Bridges & Son's LONDON PORTER,
McEwans ALE.Holland and GenevaGINS.
A new I'hclan & Collondar American Car
om Billiard Table with patent cushions and a
And a choico linn of Imported "WINES and
LIQUUKSto which I invito tho attention of!
my customers and tho public seneraliy-
JAS. 11. LYNCH.
Facts Worth Knowing, i
A. W. Cone, - - Astoria,
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN SHOE.
Cannot bo beat in tho Boot and Shoe "fine.
Call and see him.
SIGN OF THE GOLDEX SHOE,
Main Street, Attoria.
T7TD T?"TTT)TTQ! I,
Jt; JLJtVJJi VV vJiixVio
In Great. Variety, at
Russell's Variety Store..;
ALSO: . ,
777ft ASTORIA! 1876.
Fourth of July Celebration.
OWING TO THE DILATORY Ac
tion of our Solid Men, concerning
the great National holiday, I feel compell
ed to toll citizens generally, through the
Astorian that through thu instrumentality
of some of our citizens, new timber, I am
enabled to offer tho following as a part of
1st. A Regatta by
the Fishermen who
represent our hcav-
ienl staj7, showing
the nerve and mu-
cle which is our pride, in S
A GRAND FLEET 2
Two Hundred Boats, Silllll'f
Perhaps 250 of them!
of the finest build that
lp3c-,8W(r' ever cam o
sailing qualities in the o
world, upon S
For a Prize of $1,000
MASONIC, AND ALL
To Join Procession !
"Who may be
Sojourning in the
city to come
and sit with us
at the Centen
nial Dinner ta
ble, and enjoy
the luxury of
Prepared by the People!
Requisite to Success!
Secondly, Let us get up a display of fire
works, tor which we have the funds.
Third, Literary Exercises by our learn
ed and eloquent men including a Poem,
by a gentleman known to be fully compe
tent. Eair greeting and kindly remem
brance of our children.
Fourth, A National Salute, which I
propose to lire, and other exercises to be
defined by a meeting of ourcitizens, which
we now call, for
June 17, 1876, at S o'clock,
At Spiritual Sail,
Come all iaocieties, all Lodges, Chapters,
Creeds and Nationalities, (excepting
alwa3's the Chinamen), and mxke
of this an allair equal to our
Pretentious would-be Monitor up in he
fiE To a stranger what a sadcommen
tary upon 'the pride in their native heath'
of the people of Astoria, is their very ready
1 wish to shake -its dust from thein &ot upon
! tiie Great National Holiday, .and fly to
rerlinnu: Where is your boasted self
reliance of tlie Commercial Community
of Astoria? tltat s. stranger is lead to infer
from general conversations, that the
Groat Centennial Day will pass here no-
iieoc only ty your cnucirenv.ior upon my
wwd Young America will. celebrate, and
there!)' bring a reproach to his progeni
tors a thousand times sharper than the
serpent's tooth. I notice hand bills about
I town telling of great expectations in. far
! interiorut of way communities where
their opportunities must of a necessity be
smalU Will then our people let-.the day
pass unnoticed? I hope not. No; for man
hood. 15b; for patriotism. No; lnstly,
for the God -given prerogative of the
American .to honor his own Home.
Dr. J. O'BRIEN,
fir the Volunteer Com.
Geo. W. Hume's Portland
VESSELS IN THE ABOVE r
line will leave &&
San Francisco regularly every seven days
for the Columbia Bivor :
Brig SEA WALE 273 tons.
will be followed by tho
Bark DAWN 250 tons.
Sch. HERA 089 tons.
Brig HAZARD 39G tons.
ttW For freight or passage apply to
G. W. DUB ROW,
SIS Front St. San Francisco.
GEO. II. FLANDEKS. Agent.
TLWACO STEAM NAVIGATION
UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE
VARTJN A, --JS-;
WILL BE IN READINESS TO DO
all kinds of towing at rea-onable
rates. Either the Canby'or Varun'a -vvilL
make trips every
FRIDAY A3 D SATURDAY',
FOR ILWACO (Unity),
$8r CALLING AT WAY' PORTS,-
And return the same dav. Leaving at
tho u.-ual hour, 8 o'clock, A. M.
S" Tho reputation of theso steamers guar
aetecs safe and speedy transit to any point
tlS5 For charter, freight, passage, or tow
age, apply on board, or at the oilico of tho
Company in Case's Building, Astoria, or to
J. II. J). GRAY, Agent.
Bv order of L. Y. LOOMIS. President
Unity M Oystervllle Stop !
Ijoomis t Cnrrti titers - - Proprietor.
STAGES IN THE ABOVE LINE
will leave Unity Tuesdays and Satur
dayson tho arrival of tho
PTnti m if nniini inif nTriiirn
ultAIYl MTi LUmrAnlOiltAWItltJS
From Astoria, and willloavoOystervillo Men
days and Fridays, connecting with tho Ibvaco
Steam Navigation Company's steamer for
Astoria. tttsT Passengers Ticketed through; also, thro"
bills of ladin? given for freight.
FROM AND AFTER THIS DATE;
charges and advances on freight land
ed at tho 0. S. S. Co.'s Wharf, Astoria, must
bo paid boforo the freight loaves tho ware
house. J. G. HUSTLER,
COLUMBIA RIVER PILOTS.
OfHco at tho
II. A. SNOW,
V-. E. FERCHlsN.
C.S. WRIGHT, Agent.
For Freight or Charter.
THE Al NEW SLOOP,
Geo. Flavel, L
FRED WASS Master.
Is now in readiness for busines. and offers..
suporioraccommodationto tourists on tho bay.
f& Will carry freight or passengers to any
point at reasonablo rates. Apply onboard.
New Pleasure Yacht.
rpHE NEW SLOOP
E. C. S1IIVELY Master.
Ts now ready for freight or charter to any
point on tho bay. Having fine accommoda
tions for pleasure seekers, and a record for
fast sailing, tiers superior accommodations
For freight or chaster, at reasonablo rates,
apply at tho restaurant of E. C. Holden.
d. lC.SHIVELr, Astoria.
Astoria and Knappton.
"DEGULAR DAILY MAIL BOAT.
Sloop "KATIE." 2L
J. A.. RICHARDSON- - - Master.
Will kuve Astoria,
FOR: KNxVPFION AND RETURN
15T Por freight or passage, at living rates,
apply on board, or at I. W. Case's storo.
Astoria Sail Loft
NOW READY, POR BUSINESS.
Patronize HomeMajiufactures Keep IbeJHoneviHere .
TnE UNDERSIGNED BEGS LEAVE
to inform the public in general; and tho
fishormen particularly, that he is now prepar
ed to mako sai.ls of every djescriptioo on short
notico, and a.t?easonablo ratc3.
Address: ' A.M. JOHNSON,
BILLS OELAMN6, WAY BILLS,,
' Receipts, and" all kimls of Coiomer--cial
Printing, ddne at tho Aslorian office.