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DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1878.
jrl WSX I
tl IJMP Jit, , jy JIp SpC'? !
A C A L N'E WS PAPER
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OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O. O. F.
ja-eia every rnursuay Evening, at-
1 o'clock, in Odd Fellows' Hall.t ','"
jnaiu ourn. aienioers or the Order
are invited to attend. '
By order of N. O,
REBnE?CA EGR.?E LODGE, No. 2,
i. ' , " me second and
. ?l Eveninga of each month
at TJ o clock, in the Odd Fellow' Hall
Miunber ot the Degree .re invited to
i nTLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4.
hi.9 .y ' "dd Fellows' Hall onf)
" . 5 ln na 1 hlri1 Tuesday of each mouth
ttu" gtd sUndiu re Invited to
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1
f A. M.. holds its regular eonimuni-
tn each month at 7 o'clock from the 20th
of beptember to the 2Mh f t. ...... . iV
-vuiB kuc r mi. inn -1 1 1 j . x
T) o'clock from the at'th of r.r. h .'. S
Vtt-'i f !Pm,Tr- B"thr i" Kood Btandini ar,
lavltwd to attend. By order of w. M.
WARREN N. DAVIS, M. D.,
PIiyNiviaii and Nurgeon,
Graduate of the Culveraity of Pennsylvania.
Officb. at Cr-irr Hoi'bb.
lMi.ysioian and Iruisl.
-Prescrlptiona carefully filled at short notice.
PAUL BOYCE, M. D.,
IMijMfi'ian and Surgeon.
N'EW EiiA, Clackaiias Couxtt,
Chronic DUeaaea and DUeasea of Women and
mtldren a specialty.
Omee Hours day and night; always rrady when
DR. JOHN WELCH,
QDEXTI S T .
OFFICK IS OREGON CITY OREGON.
Highest cash price paid for Couuty Ordera.
E. L. EASTMAN,
ATTOILY K Y-AT-LA W ,
OREGON' CITY, OREOOX.
Sp' ial attention given to bu-jiness in tha V.H
Oflice in Myer's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS and COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
Will practice in all the ConrU of the State.
Hpeclal attention given to canes in the I'niW
3SUtea Land Office at Oregon City. 5apr'72-
J. P. W AIII), OEOIlttK A. HAKDIKC.
WARD St HARDING,
Dugisls ana Apotliecaries,
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A GENERAL
Ir ugH and Cliciiiifal.s,
4'otiiti, aid llruKlm,
Mbouldrr Brarei t'anrv mid
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Vaaroialirs a nil Itye Ntuiru.
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novl.lST.'.tf WARD Jk HARDING.
W. H. HIGHFIELD.
Km tabliaho l 1 11 00
One door North of Pope's Hall,
MAIN HT., OKEUOX (ITV, OREGOV,
Aa assortment of Watches, Jewelry, and
SatU Thomas' Weight Clocks, all of which
are warranted to be as represented.
7RepairinI done o short notice; and tbauaiul
for past patronage.
laaii I'aiU for County Order).
JOHN 1YT. BACON,
ICTCBE FRAMB8. MOULDINGS AND MISCEL-
I LANEOCS GOODS.
FK1HCI MADE TO ORDER.
Omaooir Crtx, Oanaox.
mJAt the Post Office. Main Street, west side.
A. C. WALLINC'S
iMoneer Book Bindery
Httock'a Building, cor. of Stark and Front Sts..
BLANK BOOKS RCLED AND BOUND TO ANY
daaired rattern. Music Bocks. Magazines.
?tpapr. etc.. bound in every variety of style
ua to the trade, oratrs irum iu
V'oniptly attended to.
OREGON CITY JBREWERY.
vinf BurahaaaJ the abov Brewery,
Ua to inform the public that they arel
bow preuartd to manufacture JTo. li
OF LAGER BEER.
good as can be obtained anywhere in the State.
soliutuj and promptly filled.
IIKLH A BROTHER IP-DRAW AX
Some one has given the beautiful idea that when
ever we obey the Master's commands by helping
those poortr and weaker than ourselves, those
bearing heavier burdens, we may feel sure that we
draw down angels to bless and support us. This
suggested the following lines :
Help a brother up I Ye ought to know
Of the paiu that tills his heart with woe;
The heavy cross he daily bears.
While darker and deeper the way appears;
If plenteous mercies to thee have been shown.
Help thy brother up ! Draw an angel dowu.
nelp thy brother up 1 Why do ye btand
All the day idle ? Lend cheerful hand,
A'ow while the thickest or the fiht
Needs loyal ones to npbnM the right;
- ' 4'"r "tter thp" T"- i "' i-o ie thee renown
iie.j, u orjtiier up I bixw an Angel down.
Passing along through life's valleys sweet,
Where the reaper bind the ripened wheat.
Scorn not (lie woci of love to share !
.Leave not your blrrdens for others to bear !
If ye wish for a blessing your lives to crown.
Help a brother up ! Draw an angel down.
The toilers are few; the harvest bends ;
And prayers like incense sweet ancends.
That not in vain shall thousands wait.
For their passports beyond the " pearly gate."
Strive daily that heavenly merit to own
Help a brother up .'Draw an angel down.
AT THE LAST.
Thtre must be something after all this woe;
A sweet fruition from the harrowed past;
Rest some day for this pacing to and fro;
A tender sunbeam and dear flowers at last.
There will be something when these days are done,
Something more fair by far than starry nights
A prospect limitless, as one by one
Embodied castles crown the airy heights.
So cheer up. heart, and for that morrow wait !
Dream what you will, but press toward the dream ;
Let fancy guide dull effort through the gate,
And face the current, would she cross the streani.
Then when that something lies athwart the way
Coming unsought, as good things seem to do
'Twill prove beneath the flash of setting day
A nobler meed than now would beckon you.
For lifted up by constant, forward strife,
Hope will attain bo marvellous a height.
There can be nothing found within this life
After thla day to form a fitting night.
So heaven alone shall ever satisfy.
And God's own light be ever light enough
To guide the purified, ennobled eye
Toward the smooth which lies beyond the rough.
There will be something when these clouds skim
A bounteous yielding fr0ta the fruitful past;
nweei peace ana rest upon the pathway lie.
E'en though daath and flowers at the last.
A CASE OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY
'That were a fanny thing which hap
pened to Jack Itodgers, sir," said the
old sailor, "and if I didn't know that it
actilly happened, I'd be inclined t
doubt it; but me and Jack was ship
mates for so long a time that I couldn't
be mistaken into him, and I know that
this thing which I'm a-goin' to tell you
about did actilly take place.
"You see, sir, me and Jack was ship
mate!) fast in the North American, Black
Ball packet, the time she went ashore
on the Jersey coast and was lost, and
arter that wo was together in the Ox
ford , the Cambridge, the Moutezuma,
when she was new, the Westminister,
London Packet, and mayhap some
others; and we got to be'ehums like,
asin' each other's dunnings with per
fect freedom. It wer'n't likely then,
that I'd be mistaken in Jack whatever a
woman might say.
"Arter 1 took the fever and went off
to Calif orny, me and Jack broke tacks, I
goin' off for a long board into the Pa
cific, and we lost track of one another.
About a week after that, though, I falls
in with a chap by the name of Ned Mor
gan up to the mines, and says he to me,
says Ned, 'You recollect Jack Iiodgers,'
says he, and says I, 'Of course, I does,
and says he, 'He's nicely fixed, and
says I, 'As how?' and says he, 'He's
spliced to a woman as keeps a public
house in the Scotland road to Liver
pool, and has knocked of goin to sea
"Well, sir, I were right glad for to
hear this, 'cause Jack were a nice chap,
and I didn't crive him much thoucht
arter that for years.
"Finally, I come over this side tho
land, and ships into the Isaac Webb,
Black Bailer, for Liverpool, havin' a
good passage of eighteen day?, and ar
rivin' of a Saturday and dockin' the
same tide. Next day bein' Sunday, I
gets my best dunnage and I starts for
to take a walk and have a look at the old
places where I had been used to cruise
in former years. Passin' across tho
square of the Exchange, nigh at hand
to the Nelson monumen, who should I
come athwart but Jack Ilodgers.
"'Why Jack!' says I.
" 'Why, Tom, says lie, 'how goes it?' j
pays lie; and then he turns to me quite
serious, and says ho, 'Tom Peters,' says
he, 'ain't you mistaken? Am I me, or
ain't I me; and am I somebody else?'
"Well, I thought Jack had been a
hystin, and I says, 'Steady, my lad,
steady; don't let her yaw about too
much; it's all right, old chap, and I'm
glad to see you, and if so be as you
hadn't enough aboard I'd say come down
to the widder's and have a dram and
talk over old times.'
"Says he, 'Tom, you thinks I'm lush.'
" 'Well,' says I, 'goin' for looks I
should say no; but goin for talk, am I
me or ain't I I, or what do you take me
for? I'd say yes.'
"Says jack, 'Let's git at this, be?in
nin with the fust. Am I Jack Itod
gers? "Says I, 'Who else, lad?'
"Says he, 'There's folfes in this town
as says as how I'm a alibi ; not Jack Rod
gers at all, bnt Bill Williams, the hus
band of a widder and the father of her
"Seein' as Jack, to the best of mv
knowledge and belief were sober, I says
to him, 'This here's all Greek to me,
but if yon likes to go down to the wid
der we'll have a pot of beer, and if 'twill
ease your mind for to spin the yarn I'm
"So we goes down to the widder's,
d bein seated in the snutr. orders
pipes and terbacker, and of course mugs
of ale; and Jack reeled it off to me, as
nigh as I cau recollect, in this hre style:
"Arter we parted in New York,' says
he, I ships into the Washington, along
of Captain Page, and comes out here,
makin' a line run out of sixteen days
and fine weather all the time with the
exception of a snifter from the s'uth'ard
issin' the tail of the Banks. We'd
been in, I s'pose, about a week, when J
one night I takes a stroll tip Scotland
roadway, and I comes to a little public
house, and feeling a little dry, I goes
in for to have a drop of ale. There was
a tidy lookin' lass behind the bar dress
ed in deep mourniu , and as I steps up
for to giv' my order, she jist clasps her
eyes onto me and give a yell, and down
she goes into a fit like. Jist then, out
cornea a little gal from the inner room,
and as soon as she makes me out she
sings out, 'It's daddy, it's daddy,' and
out of the door she rushes, and I heard
her callin' to the folks next door, and
next I know'd she come back with a wo
man, who fas'ens onto me with her fists,
say in', 'Goodness gracious, Mr. Wil
liams, you oughtent to come onto her so
sadden; why ever didn't you come in to
our house fast and let me break it to
her gradual. Then she goes behind
tho bar and 'tends to the lass there, mak
ing the little g&l git her some water for
to bring her too with. Then she tells
me to go inside for a bit till she gits her
all right. Well, Tom, of course I seen
there were a mistake somewhere, and I
goes in to wait for the proper time of
explainin' matters and gettin things to
" 'It were a tidy little room inside,
nicely furnished and everything snug
and shipshape -about it. "Arter about
fifteen minutes in comes two wimmin,
and this here one in black she jist makes
for me and gives me sich a huggin' as
any man might be proud to receive,
callin' me her 'dear husband' and sich
talk as wimmin will go on with when
welcomin", until I were completely took
aback, and whichever way to fill, bless
me if I know'd. It ain't one of my fail
in's to be backward in responding but
this here were sudden and altogether so
rum that I s'pose I were a bit backward,
and arter a bit she kind of huqg off, see
ing which I says to her, 'I am extremely
obliged, marm, 1 m sure, to you and to
this other lady, and I wishes with all
my heart as I were the man you take
me for, but truth is truth, and I ain't,
and that's a fact.'
" 'Oh, Willie, dear,' she says, laugh
in' and cryin at the same time, 'don't
joke with your own true wife that's so
glad to have you home agin arter mourn
in' you as dead and gone.'
" ' Well, it went to my heart, Tom, to
have to undeceive her, but I never did
and never will sail under false colors,
and so settin' her down away from me,
I says, 'This here are all a mistake, marm ;
I am t Bill at all, but am just plain Jack
Ilodgers, at your service, as is at pres
ent afore the mast into the ship Wash
ington, as can be proved by all hands
oa board of her, officers and all, and
I'm sorry to say it madam, but truth
is truth, and I tell you true, I never
seen either of you afore in all my born
"'Oh, Mr. Williams, Mr. Williams!'
says this other women; 'to think of your
denyin who you are when we all know
you so well; you ought to be ashamed
of yourself to try this poor dear so;' and
then she goes off a-cryin along with the
" 'Tom, if ever I were in a quare day,
I were in a quare day at that present
time, and whatever to do or say I'm
blowed if I knowd.' At last, in very
desperation, I says to her:
"'Savin' your presence, marm, as you
mayn't like to talk of sich things afore
strangers, did your husband, what I'm
took for, have any particler marks on
him by which you'd know him?'
" 'You know you have,' she says,
'you unnatural man; you've got a mor
frodito brig upon your breast at this
'When she said this, Tom, you might
have knocked me down with a feather.
You remember prickin' that identical
craft onto me when we was 'fore the
mast in the Adirondack, and of course
there was no denyin' it, and I says:
'You're right, ma'am, as to the brig,
though how yon knowed it is more than
I can tell; but for all that, I give you a
sailor's honest word that from the day
of my birth till this present writin', I've
been plain Jack Ilodgers and nobody
else. Wife or child I never did have,
leastwise to my knowledge.'
" 'Then,' she says, 'do you mean for
to deny that we wasn't married in the
little church in Egmont street by Mr.
"I does deny it," says I, "and he'll
deny it, too, if he tells the truth."
"Will you go there with me?" says
she. "He knows you well."
"I will," says I, "with great pleas
ure, for I feels sorry to have you so de
ceived ;" and away we went, all three of
us leavin' the little gal for to mind the
shop. Of course I thought that bein' a
man, and not bein' so interested like, he
would at once see that I wern't the man
they took me for, but jist as soon as ever
he claps eyes onto me he reaches out his
fist, and says he: "Why, Williams I'm
delighted to see you turned up again all
right. We thought you was at the bot
tom of tho sea."
"Says I, 'I'm sorry, sir, but this here
is all a mistake; I never saw you afore,
and I never seen them wimmin afore."
"Then her what claimed me went on
at a great rate to the parson, and he
said as how I needn't deny my identity,
for he knew me well, and there was
plenty more that would swear to me
"Whatever were I to do, Tom? I be
gin to be staggered myself begin to
think I'd got changed somehow, they
were all so sartin. I'd read about sich
things, you know, of folks beia' turned
by witchcraft into other folks, and I
weren't sure but what somethin' of the
kind had happened to me, that there
morfrodite brig were the most stagger
in' thing of all. Howsomever, I says to
the parson, "You say your sure you
spliced me to this woman ?"
"I am as sure as I can be of anythin
in this world," says he.
"And your're sure," says I to her,
that you was spliced to me by this gen
tleman?" "You know I was," she sobs.
"I'm blowed if I do." says I, "and so
for form's sake, if this here gent will
jist go through with it agin, why then
I'll know it as well as you two."
"Well, he wouldn't for a while, sayin
that the marriage ceremony were too
sacred a thing for to trifle with; but af
ter a while, seem as J iere so set onto
it, he done it.
"There, marm." says I, givin her
rousin smack: "everything is all right
now, and whether I'm Bill Williams or
Jack Ilodgers don t make a lia portu of
difference. I intend t . be a husband to
you to the best of my natural ability
"This here were about three years
ago. and I must say ve never had
the least occasion for CrVsgret it. She
insisted as I shouldn't go to sea no
more, not on no account. Fust off I
thought I'd bring . some of the chaps
from the Washington up there for to
convince her that he d made a mistake,
but then I thought what's the use of
nnsettin her mind, and so I didn t, and
we've lived very happy. Of course we
has our tiffs time and agin, bein' as I
sometimes get pinin' for a sea life and
hast a bit too much. At sich times she
puts it to me for trying to deceive her,
and we have it over this old question of
whether I'm Bill Williams or Jack
Ilodgers, which I'm sometimes in doubt
about myself. And now, if you re sar
tin as I am and always have been Jaok,
I wants yoa for to come up and see the
old woman and convince her that I m
right and she's wrong.,'
"Says I, 'Jack, speakin as a friend,
my advice to you is, let well enough
alone; if she thinks as how you're some
body else, and is happy in thinkin so,
and if you're happy in harm' her think
so, it's my opinion you'd be a blasted
fool for to want to mate her think
"That's all very well," slid Jack, 'for
you as ain't in my place; however should
you like for somebody to l continually
at your elbow a-telling jou that you
weren't yourself at all but were some
body else. As for the old woman, I'm
married to her straight Enough, and
she's all right whether I'm one man or
t'other, but I don't want her to have the
best of me, and I wants yol to come up
and convince her.' j
"Well, I wanted for to se the woman,
and so arter another mug up we goes.
I finds it a out-and-out fiu place, with
all marks of prosperin' and Jack's wife
were sich as any many might be proud
of. As soon as wo went it he says to
her, 'Mollie' her name bein' Mary
'here's my old chum, Tom Peters, as
I've often told you about, and as prick
ed that identical morfrodite onto my
breast, and as is willin' for to take his
aflidavy as I'm Jack Ilodgers and not
" 'Hold on,' says I, 'let hei go easy,'
says I, 'which I wishes to ssy, marm,
not havin hearn you yarn until to-day,
did in old times call this here man Jack
Ilodgers; but hearin' of youryarn, and
seein' how much better you nust have
known him than ever I cculd have
done, and not wishin for to contradict a
lady, I, of course, chimes in with you,
and decides this here question in favor
" 'You see, I seen this wew the best
way for to fix it, and I weren't going to
be no jarty to matrimonul broils.
Jack give right in to onst, &ni says he,
'If you turns agin me, 'taint no use;
henceforward and forever nore I'll
swear I'm Bill Williams on a stack of
Bibles as high as tho maintop, and he
done so. Fortunately for the domestic
peace of that family the real Williams
never turned up. I used foi to go and
see 'em every time I were in Liverpool,
and was glad to see that they kep a
prosperin'. She never wouldn't let
Jack go to sea no more, and in a few
years of stayin' ashore he got bo fat and
lazy that he didn't want to go. What,
suited him best was to sit up in the bar
astern of a long pipe and watch the
missus serve, and in a year or two he
filled out and made as respectable a fig-ger-head
for a bar as one could desire."
.V. Y. World.
Bonmpart in Italy 1196.
At last Bonaparte appeared. He was
in the uniform of a general in command,
and wore his boots, but without sword,
hat or scarf . His demeanor was grave
and cold. He listened in silence to the
preamble of the Piedmontese General,
and his only answer was to ask if he
had not a copy of the terms he had
named, and if they had not been accept
ed by the Xing; and upon some com
plaint of the harshness of the terms, he
added: "Since offering them, I havo
taken Cherasco; I have taken Fassano;
I have taken Alba. I do not advance
upon my former demands. You ought
to think me moderate." On some anx
iety being shown lest His Majesty might
be forced into some measure contrary
to the delicacy and loyalty of his prin
ciples toward his present allies, Bona
parte exclaimed in a solemn tone: "God
forbid that I should exact from you any
thing contrary to the laws of honor!"
To the endeavors that were made to
prove to him the slight advantage that
he would obtain from certain of the con
cessions required, and especially from
the crossing of the Po at Valencia, ho
replied with some sharpness: "When
my Republic confided the command of
an army to me, she thought I had suf
ficient discernment to determine mat
ters conducing to her interest, without
having to take counsel with the enemy."
Except for this slight sarcasm, in which
his tone was raised, and seemed bitter
and harsh, Bonaparte was always cold,
polished and laconic during that por
tion of the audience that preceded the
preparation of the articles. At 1 in the
morning ho drew out his watch, and
seeing that the discussions were being
protracted without coming to any deci
sive results, he said to the Commission
ers: "Gentlemen, I' give you notice
that the general attack is ordered for 2
o'clock, and if I am not assured that
Coai will bo placed in my hands 1efore
the end of the day, this attack will not
be delayed for a moment." He added:
"It may happen to me to lose battles,
but no one will ever see me lose min
utes, either by confidence or idleness."
Recollections of Marquis Je Beaure
gard. OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
Curious Discrimination of Beos and
The remarks of Sir John Lubbock in
a late lecture on the relation of insects
and flowers, leads to the inference that
in his opinion the brilliancy of color
rather than the odor is the attraction.
My observations lead me to suppose that
it is not the color, but the particular
odor of each variety or species of flowers
which induces the visit. With great
interest, not unmixed with curiosity, I
have observed '(my attention was at first
casually excited) that bees particularly,
and also butterflies, visit a distinct va
riety, and for the time confine their at
tention to it, settling on and sucking
the honey of that variety only; that is,
a bee settling on a scarlet geranium will
not go from it to another species or va
riety, but give it's attention to th par-
i: i , , . - K
ticumr variety ouiy irrespective oi color,
whether scarlet, pink or white, never
going irom a scarlet geranium to an
other scarlet flower, even if in contact.
Whatever the species of flowers it is the
same pelargoniums, petunias, helio
tropes, lilies, etc. The visit is from pe
largonium to pelargonium, not from
pelargonium to geranium (both crane's
bills) and from lily to lily, irrespective
of color. I never remarked s bee go
from a lily to an amaryllis, Sr the re
verse. Tbe object of this distinctive
selection appears to be fertilization.
The indiscriminate admixture of the
pollens of distinct varieties would prob
ably frustrate the ends of nature and
lead to monstrosities of barrenness.
What would be the effect of the admix
ture on its own stores is a distinct ques
tion. So far as the insect is concerned,
doubtless the fact has relation to it's
own economy. Whatever be the reason,
there appears to be the harmonious ad
justment of two facts under the rela
tions of one law. If the color, and not
the odor, was the attraction, the visits
would be indiscriminatelv made to all
flowers of a brilliant hue. The obser
vation of the lecturer as to flies being
attracted by stinking plants or carrion 1
seems to prove the facts suggested.';
Flies settle indiscriminatelv on all pu
trefactions, and will go immediately
irom a flower to offu or from offal to a
flower. With bees and butterflies there
is certainly a discriminative selection
guided by odor; I have also remarked
that some flowers are rarelv. if ever
visited by bees.
1 havo never in the books I have read
met with this observation, and when so
acute and distinguished an observer as
Sir John Lubbock pusses over the cir
cumstance, I presume either the fact
has not been observed, or, if observed,
has been considered incons :quential.
The observation may be worth nothing,
but in these days of minute science,
when every infinitesimal variation is
noticed and invested with importance,
there may be a significance in the fact
which escapes me, but which, with
others may have its value. So far as I
know, the occurrence is invariable; be
ing so, the inference is that odor, and
not color, is the attraction. I have
called the attention of others to tho oc
currence, who have, watching the re
sults, always come to the same conclu
sion as myself. Corr. of Nature.
How a Wedding was Spoiled. The
Chicago Tribune relates that a young
couple were recently to be married in a
church in that city, and the guests had
all assembled to witness the interesting
ceremony. The bride, attired in all the
gorgeous hnery customary on such oc
casions, alighted from the carriage, and
the groom stepped blithely and lightly
after her, and upon her long trail. As
he did so the fair lady uttered a low
cry, and exclaimed, sharply, "Oh, dear,
how awkward you are!" The young
man's face colored as he stumbled off
the rich garment, but gave the lady his
arm and walked into church with her.
The ceremony proceeded, the minister
asked the bride if she would accept the
groom for her wedded husband, and re
ceived the usual affirmative answer, and
was about to interrogate tke young
man, when the latter impulsively and
unexpectedly said to the bride, "Oh,
dear, how awkward you are!" and turu
ing on his heel walked out of the
church without another word, leaving
the would-be bride and the assembled
company in utter bewilderment. The
young man rode off in a carriage, and
the rest of the wedding party, after re
covering from their astonishment, left
for their homes. The occurenre was an
actual one, and has occasioned a great
amount of gossip. -
Ploughing the Bed of the Ocean
with a Michigan Plough. During the
past summer we witnessed deep-sea
ploughing in She harbor of Belfast,
Maine. The bottom cf the bay is cov
ered with a tenacious, clayey deposit,
into which the steam shovel penetrates
with difficulty; and to loosen it a huge
Michigan plow was set at work under
the water, drawn by steam power on
shore, using a wire rope to form con
nections. The water at high tide was
about twenty feet deep when the plough
was working. The man that held it was
encased in the diver's armor, and sup
plied with air by a flexible tube connect
ing with an air-pump on board of a ves
sel floating above. He came up at our
request, and after removing his air
tight helmet and conversing a few mo
ments, was again put in connection with
the pump, and disappearing under wa
ter, went on with the ploughing. This
to us was a novel proceeding, and, so far
as we can learn, it was the first experi
ment of the kind ever made. Boston
Journal of Chemistry.
"Rise early, if you wish to become
rich and conquer an enemy." "What
is the most beautiful thing? The uni
verse. The strongest? Necessity. The
most difficult? To know ourselves.
The easiest? To give advice. Tha
rarest? A true friend."
Dox't forget your pocket book if you
go to the fair. No credit is given.
b.o Owns the Wedding Presonti
Husband, or Wife ?
Mrs. Kate Welsh, widow of John D.
Welsh, Jr., who died in Cuba in April,
1874, sued her husband's exeoutors to
recover $1,500 worth of silverware and
other articles which she claims are her
property. The executors said in an
swer that these articles were wedding
presents to Mr. and Mrs. Welsh at their
marriage, made principally by his
friends; that Mr. Welsh and his wife
had separated by mutual consent four
teen months before his death, she tak
ing her paraphernalia and also some
articles of silver which he claimed were
his; and that by his will he gave his
property and the guardianship of his
four-year old child to his executors.
The case was tried yesterday before
J udge Larremore in the Court of Com
mon Pleas. At the close of the plain
tiff's case Mr. Bartlett moved for a dis
missal of the complaint, claiming that
as the presents were made to the hus
band and wife jointly, they by law be
longed to the -husband, notwithstand
ing the law of 1848 enabling married
women to hold property in their own
name. Mrs. Welsh's counsel, in re
ply, claimed that as the evidence show
ed that they were made a few hours be
fore the marriage, Mrs. Welsh had be
come vested in at least an undivided
one"-half interest in them as a single
woman, and by tho law of 1838 that in
terest was continued, notwithstanding
her marriage, and upon the death of
her husband she, as survivor, became
sole owner. Besides, wedding presents
were generally made to the bride and
not to herself and her intended husband
J udge Larremore refused to dismiss
the complaint, and the jury gave plain- j
tiff a verdict for the return of the ar
ticles or their value, which was assess- '
ed at 3216 44. New York World.
An Anti-Teetotal Government.
According to an old resident in Rus
sia, who writes in tho Pall Mall Gazette,
the Russian Government is implacably
hostile to the temperance movement,
fearing that it will diminish the princi
pal source of its revenue. By the latest
returns, the liquor duties yield to the
Imperial exchequer, the vast sum of
800,000,000 roubles, (3100,000,000) a
year. The notorious impecuniosity of
the Government has induced it to treat
teetotal leagues as illegal secret socie
ties. The most summary measures have
been taken towards forcing the people
to contribute to the revenue by their
intemperance. Policemen and soldiers
are employed to llog the teetotalers into
drinking; some, who doggedly held
out, have had liquor poured into their
mouths through funnels, and were im
prisoned as rebels. The clergy, at the
same time, were ordered to preach
against this new form of sedition, and
the press-censorship has laid its veto
upon all publications in which the im
morality of the liquor traffic was de
nounced. Recently a Polish school
master was condemned to sweep the
streets, in a convict gang, for raising
his voice against "King Vodke." In
Russia no one can now advocate tem
perance principles with impunity.
Insensible Destruction of the
Bbain. The annual report of the Super
intendent of Longview Insane Asylum
quotes, with indorsement, the following
remarks of a former Superintendent of
the Worcester (Mass.) Lunatic Hos
pital on alcoholic drinks as an exciting
and predisposing cause of insanity:
"The brain can not be kept for years
in a constant, though it may be a slight,
abnormal condition without altering
organic character and rendering it li
able to at least functional disturbance,
which constitues insanity. Many of the
cases of softening of the brain and epi
lepsy result directly from the use of in
toxicating drinks. In still another way,
also, imtemperance should be regarded
as the cause of this diseasa, namely,
by its effects on the offspring of those
addicted to it. The habitual use bf
alcohol is felt through more than one
generation, and though the father may
not become insane his children will
have an additional tendency to insanity,
especially if they pursue the same
course, as they are likely to, for the ap
petite is also" transmissable. A large
part of the idiots and imbecile children
are born of intemperate parents."
The term imtemperance, as here used,
means simply the habitual use of
alcoholic drinks, and this physician
means that this can not be kept up with
out changing the organic structure of
the brain, and that habitual drinkers,
although such as call themselves tem
perate drinkers, are unfit to propagate
A Conductor's Singular Mistake.-
Conductor Herkins' train from New
York Saturday evening, says the New
Palladium, was delayed half an hour
by a singular accident. Our readers
may remember our account, a year ago.
of the Harlem conductor whose hat blew
out of the baggage car door, and who
reached for it so eagerly that he follow
ed it and was so injured by tho fall as
to be laid up for several months. This
same Conductor Budlong was collecting
fares Saturday in the tunnel on the
train which leaves the depot on the
Harlem Road at 2:20 p. m. Passing
through the last car, he walked on,
thinking he had another car to visit,
and walked right off the end of his train,
falling on the track. It is very dark in
the tunnel, and the rolling smoke made
it impossible to see that there was not
another car. The engineer soon dis
covered that Budlong was missing. He
telegraphed back to the depot and Con
ductor HeTkins' train was held back, so
that it might not run over Budlong's
body. An engine was at once sent up
through the tunnel to look for it, and it
tra found on the track. Budlong was un
conscious and badly hurt, but it is said
that no bones had been broken.
A neglected wife may keep her sor
rows to herself, but a neglected liver
will not. Rome Sentinel.
Responsibility of Hotel X i
A law case of interest to hotel proprie V,
tors was decided last week in. the eouriik
of New York. It not only involved tbr, '4
loss of over 3,000 worth of familj je?J 1
els of Major-General Winfiefd S. HanJ 3
cock, but also a very important, quesfl
tion of law governing the extenfcof the"' J
responsibility of the landlord of .a hobjfdn?
for the loss of property belonging taitir
guests. It seems that the Genwafcort?
ed with his family at'TEff SLCl5ud""
Hotel in this city in 1873, and during
this time a lot of jewelry was stolen
from their rooms. The defence set up
by the Messrs. Rand, the proprietors of
the St. Cloud, was that if such loss did
occur and the property was of the value
claimed by the plaintiffs the defendants
were not liable because of the neglect
of plaintiffs to deposit the property in
the hotel safe, and also on the further
grounds that the plaintiffs were not
guests within the meaning of the Hotel
law, but were permanent boarders, for
whose losses defendants were not re
sponsible. The Court says: ''In a boarding
house the guest is under an express con
tract at a certain rate for a cert in period
of time, but in an inn thei u is no ex
press engagement; the gue t being on
his way is entertained from day to day
according to his business upon an im
plied contract." This principle is also
amply sustained by other authorities.
It was decided that the General and his
family were not guests of tho defend
ants, bnt only boarders, and therefore
that the defendants were not liable for
the losses sustained, no proof having
been offered that the defendants were
guilty of a gross negligence. The case,
therefore, was decided in favor of the
How the French Vote. A corres
pondent of the London Times, writing
j from Bordeaux, Franco, gives the fol
lowing description of how electious
are conducted in that country: "The
process is perfectly simple and neat.
Electors walk into the Marie as men go -on
'Change, and at the gate the friends
of the candidate or his agents offer a
plain white paper with the candidate's
name. In the hall where the votes are
taken, the Mavor and his bureau, with
out any civil or military guard, sit with
the ballot-box before them, lhe eU-c-'
tor offers his numbered elector's ticket,
the Mayor tears off a corner of it, calls
out the registered number (which is
then crossed off bj his secretaries),
takes from the elector the white voting
paper folded , and drops it it into the urn.
In this way long files en queue pass on
in one even stream, and the process
goes on with immense rapidity. The
law forbids the presiding officer to take
a voting paper open, or in any way
marked outwardly; no armed force U
permitted in the voting hall; the ballot
box has a double key, and must be
opened immediately upon the close of
the poll. Electors have the right to be
present without any interruption from
the moment the box is first locked up,
after examination, until the final count
ingoutofall the voting papers in it,
and in practice the whole process goes on
under the eyes of the public. The only
possible falsification of the process,
even an very benighted districts, in
volves a plain breach of law under the
eyes of electors; and, since the new Cham
ber will in any case have a itepuuiican
majority, which will be the sole judge
of all disputed elections, and every eleo-
tor has an absolute right of objection,
if the voting is anywhere improperly
maneuvered, it can only be in plaices
where there is not a single Republican
elector who has the spirit to enter a
Reception of Osman Pasha at the
Russian Camp. A correspondent at
Plevna telegraphs concerning Osman
Pasha's reception by tke Russians:
Grand Duke Nicholas rode up to U&-
man's carriage and for some seconds
the two chiefs gazed into each other's
faces without the utterance of a word.
Then the Grand Duke stretched out hi
hand, shook the hand of Osman Pasha
heartily, and said: "I compliment you
on your defence of Plevna. It is one
of the most splendid military efforts in
history." Osman smiled sadly, rose
painfully to his feet, in spite of hia
wound, and said something which I
could not hear. He then reseated him
self. The Russian officers all cried,
"Bravo !" "Bravo '."repeatedly, and all
saluted respectfully. There was not
one among them who did not gaze on
the hero of Plevna with the greatest ad
miration and sympathy. Prince Charles
of Roumania, -who had arrived, rode
up and repeated, unwittingly, al
most every word of the Grand Dake,
and likewise shook hands with Osman,
who again rose and bowed, this time in
grim silence. . He wore a loose blue
cloak, with no apparent mark on it to
designate his rank, and a red fez. He
is a large and strongly built man. The
lower part of his face is covered with a
short black beard without a streak cjf
gray, and he has a large Roman nose
aad black eves. "It is a grand fet,M
exclaimed Colonel Galliard, a French
military attache; "I was almost alraul
of seeing him lest my expectations should
be dissapointed ; but he more than ful
fills my ideal." "It is the face of a
great military chieftain," said young
Skobeleff. "I am glad to have seen him.
Osman Ghazi he is, and Osman the vic
torious he wiil remain in spite of his
Ham Toast. Arthur' Home Maga
zine pronounces ham toast, made in the
following manner, very nice: Melt in
a stewpan a small piece of butter, till ,
it is browned a little. Put in as much
finely-minced ham as will cover a large
round of buttered toast, and add as
much gravy as will make it moist.
When quite hot, stir in quickly, with a
fork, one egg. Place the mixture over
the toast, which cut in pieces of any
shape you may fancy.
Adah was the the first Senator. He
paired with Eve, and ale the apples in