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DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE DEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
VOL. 111. OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 17, 1878. NO. 13.
A LOCAL NEWSPAPER
Farmrr, Builifu M an mod Faiully Circle
ISSUED EVERY THURSDAY.
PBOPUICTOtt AND rilBUSBEK.
Official Paper for Claokamoi County.
Office: In Eiiterprlne Building:,
One door South of Uuonio Building. Uaiu Street.
Trrw mf Mabarlptlai j
Single Copy, one year, in advance $2 SO
Hindis Oopy. aix months, in advance 1 50
Trrm of Advrrlinlafi
Transient adveitisetnents. including all legal
notices, per square of twelve lines, one -
week '. $ a 50
For each subsequent Insertion l 00
One Column, one year 120 00
Half Column, one year GO 00
Quarter Column, one year 40 B0
Business Card, one square, cue year 12 00
OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O. O. F.
ueeta every luursday Evening, at
o clock, in Odd fellows' Hall, I ;iv--L?
are Invited to attend.
By order of If. G.
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, No. 2,
i?" .i ' , vu lue second and
..." i uesuay tveniDKB of each month
at lit o clock, in the Odd Fellows' Hall
dioinuers oi me Uegree are invited to
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4,
1. VIZ? OJd fellows' Hall ony l
the First and Third Tuesday of each month.jVf
Patriarchs in good standing are invited toVV
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1,
A.. F. k A. M., holds 1U regular corarnuni- -a
caUons on the First and Third Saturdays 'A
in each month, at 7 o'clock from the 2th "Oi
of September to the 20th or March ; and 'X
7)tf o clock from the 20th of March to the ' Y
f?J. , "Pt'u,er- Brethren in good standing are
invited to attend. By order of WM
WARREN N. DAVIS, M. D
liysician and Nurgeon,
Araduato of the University of Pennsylvania.
Omcw. at Cliff House.
I'li.ysioian unci Jrnisl.
ByPrescriptions carefully filled at short notice
PAUL BOYCE, M. D.,
IMi.vsiciau nnI Surgeon,
Ntw Eoa, Clackamas Cocntt,
Clironio Diseases and Diwases of Women and
Children a apecialtv.
Ollic Hour day'aud niaht; always ready when
duty calls. t au'J5. '76-tf
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OFFICE IX OREOOX CITY OREGOX.
Highest cash price paid for County Orders.
E. L. EASTMAN,
OREGON CITY, OREGOX.
Special attention given to buHiaess in the V S
Laud O trice.
OlUce in Myer's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS anfl COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGOX CITY, OREGOX.
Will practice in all the Courts of the State
Kpeotal attention given to caseM in tbe ITnited
States Land Oflico at Oregon City. 5apr'72 tf
' F' WABI- OEORBE A. HABDISd.
WARD & HARDING,
Dniists ai AuotliecariBSa
T'-EEP CONSTANTLY OX HAND A GENERAL
Jvuh and Chemicals,
"""t Braew ..d
M'r"7? Lamp hiM.,,..
tarai.hM and MIHirH.
PURE WINES m LIQUORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES, ETC., ETC
Tlrt?ihyaiV'l!i' rrmK""Itio"8 "rerully com
pounded, and all orders correctly answered
"a. pen at all hours of the night
hk. AH accounts mut bo j.aid monthly.
Uovl,l376tf WARD HAKDIXG.
W. H. HICHFIELD,
One door North of Pope's Hall,
JIAIX T, ORKUOX t'lTV. OKKUOV.
a rtinfli of "Witchea. Jewelry, and (9
.th Thonia' Weight Clocks, all or which
arjw.rrant.l to be a. reprinted. AS
torT.rong.g..ne D 8t,ort"'; thSfiS
'ta IiU lor County Orders.
JOHN M. BACON,
PICTURE FRAMES. VOCXDIXG3 AND MISCEL
rBlHKH 9C.4DK TO ORDKR.
Obhoox Cixr, Onr.Gov.
7"At the Post Office, Main Street, wcat aide.
A. C. WALLINC'S
PlQiiccr Koolt Bindery
Plttock's Building, cor. of Stark and Front Sis..
BLAXK BOOKS KULED AND BOUND TO ANY
desired pattern. Music Bocks, Magazines,
V.wapapers. etc.. bound in every Tariety of style
known to the trade. Orders from the country
promptly attended to. novl. 15-tf
OREGON CITY BREWERY,
Mavinc purchaaai the above Brewery,
wtahae o inform the public that they are
HOW t.iur. . m . -V
' w ui aaui act. re w. I
OF LAGER BEER.
Aagood as can be obtained anywhace In tbe State,
Orders solicited and prouptly filled.
Come, O season of mist and rain.
Of damps and dumps and ceaseless pain,
Of wild neuralgic writhingsl
A cold and a rough and a slushy street,
Influenza and perished feet.
These. O Winter, are thy things I
The wind blows through the withered leaves.
The sun looks coldly on the stream.
And Winter with a ssd song grieves.
O'er Summer's glorious beauty gone.
My life U like a winter day. ;
Its hopes have vanished, joys have flown.
But faith looks down the leaf strewn way
And speaks of harvests yet to come."
BT ANNIE L. JAOK.
You are like the Violet, I wrote In spring.
Tbe first sweet offering the earth can bring;
Always so hopeful of brighter hours
Earliest sweetest, best loved of flowers.
The first to greet, may you ever be.
Yes, like the Violet you seem to me.
You are like the Ito6e, I said in June,
When hearts and blossoms seemed keeeing tune;
So bright, so gay. Love's own dear flower.
That breathes of many a vanished hour.
Lightly I said it. Ah I sweet to me.
You are like a Rose, and will always be.
You are like tbe Pansy, sweet, said I
As I spoke in the autumn that sad "good-bye ;"
Wheu the snow falls softly white and chill.
They bud and bloom and are faithful still ;
Faithful and true as you seem to bo.
Constant in sunshine and storm to me.
You are like the Fir trees, dear, said I ;
And her loving glances questioned why,
When the elms and maples are leafless seen.
They bright December with living green.
All the year round you have seemed to me
Like winter's best landmark, an evergreen tree.
A NOVEL NEW YEAR'S GIFT.
"So you won't have me, Nellie ? You
are sure you won't marry me?"
Pretty little Mrs. Nellie Willard
looked meditatively out of the window
into the qaiet village street, as if among
tbe leafless trees and on the frost-bound
landscape she could find the answer to
Horace Levison's questions.
Then, after a moment, she turned her
face toward him a face as fresh and fair
in its peachy bloom as many a young
girl ten years her junior.
"I 1 am afraid I can't. Mr. Lievi
son." Mr. Levison looked her straight in
her bright blue eyes such lovely blue
eyes, soft as velvet, and the color of a
violet that had bloomed in the shade.
"You are 'afraid" you can't, Mrs.
"Williard ? Answer me another ques
tion yes or no do you love me ?"
She blushed and smiled, and looked
"Why, Mr. Levison, I mean Harry,
of course I lo like you! I always did,
ever since I first knew yon, years and
"When Will Willard won the prize
all we fellows were striving fori So you
liked me then, Nellie, and you like me
now ? Then why won't you marry me ?
You've been a widow for three years,
now. Isn't that long enough to mourn
the virtues of the departed ?"
"You wicked man! As if 300 years
could ever teach me to forget poor, dear
Her bright eye reproved him sharply,
and he accepted with good grace.
"Granting the truth, Nellie, that your
deceased husband was a gcod fellow and
a loving partner, I still cannot see why
you refuse me. That is the subject un
der consideration at present. Nellie!
Why won't you marry me ?"
Then Mrj. Williard'a face grew a little
paler, and her plump, fair hands trem
bled. "Because, Harry, because Wilson
Willard, on New Year's day, made me
promise never to marry again."
"Stuff and nonsense! What if he
did. A bad promise is better broken
Mrs. Willard twisted her ting uneasi
ly, and looked at the illuminated shield
of the stone.
"I know it is," she Baid, slowlv.
Mr. Levison looked earnestly at her.
"Yes 'but' what, Nellie? Ia all re
spect I say it poor Will is dead and
gone; and you've been true to his mem
ory all these long years, and what has
he to do with you now ?"
I know," she said, meditatively,
"but but, Harry, he made me solemn
ly promise never to marry again under
penalty of his everlasting displeasure.
And don't be angry with me, Harry
will you ? But I almost know he would
appear to me!"
Tb6 lovely blue eyes were lifted in
such piteous appeal" to his, and the
pretty little widow made such a nervous
little move nearer to him, that it was
the most human thing in the wojld for
Mr. Levicon to put his arm protectinc-lv
around her and assure her ho was not
angry with her.
"bo you believe he would haunt vou.
Nellie, if you broke your promise ? A
sensible little woman like you to verita
bly believe in such superstitious fol-de-rol!
And, after having waited for you
ten years of your married-life, and
three years of your widowhood, you
condemn me to hopelessness for the
sake of such a chimera for the sake of
such a shadow as your husband's
And Nellie look imploringly at him
again, and her lips quivered, and the
tears stood in great crystals on her long
"Oh, narry, how cruel you arel You
know I love you better than all the
world, only I dare not marry again!
Don't be angry please don't be angry
And Mr. Levison looked down at her
lovely face, and assured her he never
could be angry with her, and then went
away heaping maledictions on the head
of the defunct husband who had been
tyrant enough to burden his lovely
young wife with such a promise.
The last sunset rayB were flinging
their golden and scarlet pennons on the
pale, blue-gray sky, when Mr. Levison
opened the door of his cozy sitting
room at home, to be rock by the laugh
ing face and gay welcome of a young
gentleman, who had evidently been
making himself at home while he wait
ed. "Heigho, Levison! Surprised to see
me ? How are you old fellow how are
Mr. Levison stared a second, then
greeted him warmly.
"Fred Willard! Where in the name
of goodness did yousprincr from? Why,
I thought you were not to sail from
England for a long six months yet.
Old boy, bless vou. I'm clad to see vou.
although for the instant, I confess I was
startled you are the living image of
your Drotlier Wilson. Wa ve been dis
cussing ghosts, you know "
Young Willard's eyes gleamed mis-
cnievously, as ne interrupted irrever
We" is good, Lev. You mean my
pretty little sister-in-law, of course ? I
know she religiously believes in 'em. I
know I am impatient to see her for the
first time since Will's funeral."
Mr. Levison had been looking
thougthf ully at the embers glowing, like
melted rubies, behind the silver bars of
the grate; now he turned suddenly to
Fred, and laid his hand persnasively on
"See here, Fred; you are a friend of
mine, and I am about to put your friend
ship to the test. I want you to do me
a very great favor; will you?"
re i laughed.
"Will I? Of course I will. What's
And Mr. Levison turned the keys of
the doors, and the consultation lasted
until the housekeeDer rang the dinner
Five honrs later the moon was just
creeping over the tops of the trees, mak
ing a perfect flood of silver-gold glory
on the quiet scene, and Mrs. Willard,
with a fleecy-white zephyr shawl and
her crepe brown hair, was standing at
the kitchen door, on her return from a
tour of inspection to the snug little barn
and carriage house, which she had per
sonally seen was seoure for the nitrht.
ever since her husband's death.
Her cheeks were flushed to the tint of
an oleander flower by the keen kiss of
the frosty air, and her eyes were glow
ing like blue fires as she&tood there one
moment in the broad band of white
moonlight that lay athwart the floor like
a silent blessing. Then, with a little
involuntary exclamtaion at the perfect
i j i i i i i . . . -
ueauiy oi me nigut, sue went in, locKeu
the door after her, for her three serv
ants were all retired for the night, and
then gave a little shriek, for standing
in the self-same accustomed place he
was wont to occupy, and lookiner as na
tural as if it were himself in the flesh,
was tier Husband. iio stilled her
shriek, and tried bravely to feel brave,
but her heart was tearing around very
undisciplinedly as she realized that she
was looking upon a bona-fido ghost a
veritable inhabitant of the land of eter
"Will!" she said, faintlv. with her
hand tight on the handle of the door,
"Will, is it yo?u '
His voice was precisely as it had been
in the old days mellow, musical, a lit
tle domineering Will's undeniably,
"Who should it be but I, Nellie, and
come on purpose to communicate with
"Yes?" she gasped, "but what for?"
I have tried I have done everything
that I thought you could wish. There
is nothing wrong, Will?"
The pale, moon-lighted face, the
speckless black suit, the spotless linen,
the very same in which he had been
buried, the low, familiar voice it al
most paralyzed Nellie, and yet, aided
by tho very material contact of the door
knob, she stood her ground and listened.
"Nothing wrong with you, Nellie,
but with me. I come to bring you a
New Year's present."
"Nellie was startled, and looked at
him curiously, wondering what he had
brought from the other world.
"I present you," he said, "with your
liberty, for I can't rest in my grave
knowing the wrong I unintentionally
committed in binding you to perpetual
widowhood for my sake. I come to re
voke my decision to give you my full
permission to marry again, and my ad
vice to marry Horace Levison. Promise
me you will do it, and I will rest peace
"Oh, Will ! if you will say so if
you think it best yes! yes, I will I"
Her face was pale enough now to
have passed for a ghost herself.
"Go look at the big clock in the din
ing room, Nellie, and see if it is near
the stroke of 12."
She went dumbly, mechanically, ut
his behest; and, when she came back,
he was gone, and the moonlight stream
ed in on an empty room.
Then the reaction followed, and Nel
lie flew up to her bed room, and locked
the door, and covered her head with a
shawl, and sobbed and cried hysterical
ly, until her over-wrought nerves found
relief in sleep.
The next day Mr. Levison sent a little
note over, apologizing for his seeming
discourtesy in not coming to bid her
good-by on his sudden departure for an
indefinite time, and telling her that her
cruel decision never to marry again had
been the cause of it, and that they
might never meet again, etc., etc.
To which Nellie, all pale, alarmed and
crimson with confusionrpenciled an an
swer, assuring him she had changed her
mind, and begging him to come over to
lunch, to see her, and meet her brother-in-law,
who had only just arrived from
Of course Mr. Levison cam , and it
didn't take two minute to settle it, nor
did he laugh at her when she solemnly
related her experience of the night be
fore. "For it was his ghost, Harry, ju9t as
true as I am alive and speaking to you!"
"A jolly old I mean, a thoughtful,
painstaking spirit, Nellie 1 Bless his
ghostship, we'll hold him in eternal re
membrance." Nor did his countenance change a
feature, even when he and Nellie and
Fred Willard discussed themarvelously
obliging kindness of the departed.
Nor did pretty, blooming, blushing
Mrs. Nellie ever for a moment dream
that her visitant was Fred himself, as
sisted by a wig and false whiskers nor
was there any need she should know,
for her happiness was secured, her con
science at ease.
The Parisian Dead.
The great holiday and its accompany
ing sacred season, All Saints' and the
"Day of the Dead, are here once more.
Yesterday Paris put up its shutters, and
the town in the afternoon seemed de
serted. The churches were very well
M 11 . 1
mieu ac tae service nours, better per
haps than in previous years. There has
been a great revival of religious observ
ance since tbe war; and the recent polit
ical struggle has also contributed to
make the clericals more punctilious
about church going. They feel that
they must have the courage of their
opinions, and they are right. As for
the day of the dead, it is the most ten
der observance in France; all classes of
population go to the cemeteries, and
crown the tombs of their lost with
wreaths of immortelles, and with more
perishable blossoms. The custom is
universal in this country, and in some
sections the peasants have very curious
ceremonials in connection with the an
niversary. In the departments of Brit
tany and the Maine the peasants, during
tue night after All bamts , run through
the fields bearing fire-brands, the
charred pieces of which they carefully
preserve as charms against any ill that
may befall cattle or other stock. In the
neighborhood of Toulouse, until within
a few years, on the evening preceding
tne second of JN ovember there were pro
cessions in tho cemeteries toward the
small hours. The clergy conducted a
sombre array of maskers and of trem
bling men and women, who carried long
tapers in their hands, and fancied that
they saw ghosts at every turn. On such
occasions the Dies Iraj, and the burial
services were chanted. In Pans the
tombs of the illustrious dead are literal
ly buried under flowers. Every year
some Americans cover the grave of La
fayette with rare blossoms. To the
American accustomed now and then to
wander through the grassy glades and
sylvian dells of our lovelv cemeteries
at home, there is but little that is at
tractive in the stone walks and hard.
cold looking tombs in this country; but
no one can Help being touched by the
beautiful memorial services here. It
becomes yearly more and more of a
problem how Paris shall bury its dead.
The cemeteries now in use have been
dug over, and over, and over, until
medical men have cried out, "Beware of
the plague! Transport your cemeteries
into the country!" Butfor tho Parisian,
who is eminently a cockney, a journey
to Enghien or Fontainebleau or St.
Mauer each time that he wished to
stand by tho grave of tho lost, would
seem a terrible trial. Toward the end
of tho last century there was a pesti
lence because of the overcrowded condi
tion of the cemeteries, and it was at
that time that tho famous corridor of
human bones, which so many tourists
have seen in the Paris catacombs were
constructed with the remains taken
from the graveyards. The city is dotted
all over with the sites of ancient small
cemeteries, now almost forgotten. In
deed, every one may be said to walk
over the dead every day. Ilabelais was
buried where the church of Saint Paul
now stands; the Saint Joseph market
house covers the grave of Moliere; and
a few years since the burial place of the
great Cardinal Dubois was found in the
filthy gutter of a dark cellar. Thus
death lurks in tho midst of life. Ed
ward King's Letter lo the Boston Journal.
New Yeais's Calls.-Hc looked rather
seedy and hungry as ho hung around
the corner of Woodward avenue and
Fort streets yesterday, but still ho com
pared favorably with a passing friend
whom he called Theopolis. After they
had shaken hands and vainly tried to
borrow some tobacco of each other, the
first observed :
"Wonder if many folks are groing to
keep open house this New Year's?"
"Guess not don't hear anything
about it," answered Theopolis in a du
bious tone. -
"I tell you," said the other as his face
grew long, "it's my opinion that the
whole New Year's business is on the
wane, and that the day is coming wheni
you n 1 will have to go to a free lunch
saloon to get our -wish von happy' fod
der. What do yon think?"
"I've thunk that way for more'n a
year," sadly answered the other, and
they slowly orew apart, perhaps for
ever. Detroit 1'Vee 'res..
JonN "Welsh, the newly appointed
minister to England, is a somewhat tall
and slender person, with a pleasant face,
half hidden in a gray beard ; with large
blue eyes, and a well-shaped head cov
ered with profuse gray locks. He has
the air and manner of an educated mer
chant, and has, indeed, been for the
most of his life a very successful busi
ness man. He is a lavirh host and has
wealth to support his disposition. It is
remembered of him in Philadelphia
that when, during Exhibition times, he
gave a reception so large as to overflow
the limits of his own house, he provid
ed another apartment for his guests by
opening to them the new Academy of
Fine Arts, to tho fund for wliich insti
tution he was one of tho largest con
tributors. A Filter to Purify Air. At a re
cent meeting of the New York Academy
of Useful Arts, attention was called to
the simple method of filtering the air of
an apartment. The object is to free the
air from dust, excessive dampness, and,
possibly, from the germs of malaria.
The contrivance consists essentially of
a fibrous woven fabric, strengthened by
brass wire. It is to be applied to win
dows and ventilators, and may be of
service on railroad cars to exclude dust.
It has the merit of checking drafts,
while admitting air. Its general use
might tend to prevent the spread of ma
larial disease, and modify the dangers
that dirty streets occasion to the health
of city residents.
Marvels of Materialization.
A FOBM OF MATERIALIZATION IN ENGLAND
WITH THE MEDIUM IX VIEW AND WITH
OUT A CABINET. ;
The Midium and Davlreak. of Lon
don, gives an account of a seance which
Rev. Thomas Cooley and others have
nau with the celebrated Dr. Monck.
The account relates:
"I have just witnessed the most mar
velous materialization phenomenon I
ever heard or can conceive of. About
half-past G o'clock this evening, Dr,
Donald Kennedy, of Boston, United
States, with Dr. Monck, called upon me
to accompany me to a hastily improvised
ana telegram-arranged sitting at the
house of a friend near London.
"After some slate writing and other
tests, liaving half an hour to spare, the
two ladies of the house joined us, and
we sat for materialization. The back
room, divided from the front by folding
doors (one shut and a curtain partly
covering tho other) , formed the cabi
net, which was little needed; for Dr.
Monck, under the control of 'Samuel,'
was b v the light of the lamp the writer
not being a yard away from him seen
by all to bo the living gate for the ex
trusion of the spirit-forms from the
realm of mind into thi3 world of mat
tor; for standing forth thus plainly be
fore us, the psychic or spirit form was
seen to grow out of his left side. First
several faces, one after another, of great
beauty appeared, and, in amazement, we
saw, and I was suffered to stand close up
to the medium, even touching him. I
saw most plainly, several times, a per
fect face and form of exquisite woman
hood partially issue from Dr. Monck
about tho region of the heart. Then,
after several attempts, a full-formed fig
ure in a nebulous condition at first,
but growing solider as it issued from
the medium left Dr. Monck and stood.
a separato individuality, two or three
feet off, bound to him by a slender at
tachment as of gossamer, which, at my
request, 'Samuel, in control, severed
with the medium's left hand; and there
stood embodied a spirit-form of unut
terable loveliness, robed in attire spirit -spun,
a meshy web-work from no mor
tal loom, of a neeciness inimitable, and
of transfiguration whiteness truly glis
tening. "But Dr. Kennedy was invited to
draw equally near and realize more
closely with mo tho marvel of tho separ
ate identity of the spirit form from the
medium, and as we stood, looking with
all our soul upon the mighty fact of
spirit-birth from mortal man. Dr.
Monck, still entranced, placod the lone
ly visitant from tho inner world between
-us, and, affording the support, each of
an arm, we advanced with our sweet
spirit companion some steps farther into
the room. Meanwhile, holding the hand
of the spirit-arm that rested on mine, I
felt the wrist, palm, fingers and finger
nails; it was in every respect a living
hand, answering to my touch, yielding
to pressure, having natural weight and
substance, and all things pertaining to
humanity, but it was damp and. stone
cold; and the thought passed through
my mind, how like steam, first invisi
ble, congealed, is then seen as cloudy
vapor, which, precipitated, may finally
take solid form iu ice, this figure at my
side had, by a somewhat analogous pro
cess, been rendered visible and tangible,
from the vital force, viewless and im
ponderable, of the medium; being, un
der the chemistry, not yet understood,
of tho higher life, congealed into tho
nebulous condition instanced of the
the form's first appearance, further to
solidify into the lovely creature we
supported and wistfully beheld.
"But not to theorize, I come now to
the climax of the night's most won
"When tho first form retired I was,
as an extreme favor which might have
cost the medium great prostration, per
mitted to accompany it, and draw near
with it slowly and cautiously, until I
camo again close up to Dr. Monck, as
he, still entranced, stood forth full in
view of all, waiting to receive back unto
himself the jeon, phantasm, or emana
tion that we mustcall angel or spirit. As
it neared him the gossamer filament
again came into view, its attenuated and
vanishing point being, as before, toward
the heart. By means of this subtle cord
I noticed how the psychic figure seemed
to bo sucked back into the body of the
medium. For like a waterspout at sea
funnel-shaped or sand columns,
such as I nave seen in Egypt, a horizon
tal instead of vertical, the superior vital
power of Dr. Monck seemed to absorb
and draw in the spirit-forms but so
gradually that I was enabled closely
to watch the process; for leaning
against and holding the medium, with
my left arm at his back and my left ear
and cheek to his breast, his heart beat
ing in a most violent and alarming way.
I saw him rcceivo back the lovely birth
of the invincible spheres into his very
person, and as I gazed for the last time
on the sweet face of the disintegrating
spirit, within three or four inches of the
features, I marked its fair aspect, eyes,
hair and delicate complexion, and kissed
the dainty hand as, in process of ab
sorption, it dissolved, and saw the an
gel face disappear and fade, as it was
drawn, positively, into the bosom of the
medium. Gazing thus closely, with
awe and breathless interest did I, there
fore, watch the departure of our angel
friend, and through the living gate and
avenue of the medium's very self, did
I, with feelings indescribable, mark the
steps of her progress to regain through
the living organism and body of Dr.
Monck, her home in the viewless
After a careful perusal of the Inger-soll-Prime
controversy, we are con
vinced that Tom Paine didn't die at
all, but just chewed a couple of cloves
to "hide his breath," unfolded a pair of
snowy wings, palled a golden harp out
of his hip-pocket, and went sailing and
singing up among the clouds like one
of Bret Harte's "Bloody Gulch" angels.
Age of Fraud-
Crime like some .diseases, seems to
be at times epidemic. The present ap
pears to be an era so peeuliarly adapt
ed to the development of crime, in the
form of embezzlements and breeches to
trust, that one is almost frightened for
one' own integrity. Hardly a day
passes that does not discover some new
and gigantic rascality by which one or
few persons have been enriched at the
expense of the many trusting drops.
Not infrequently, too, are these pract
ices carried on under the cloak of usual
piety and great professions of religion.
What is the cause, what will be the ef
fect, and when shall we have an end of
all this? The cause is apparent. It
dees not begin with the natural deprav
ity of the luckless thief in all cases; but
can be traced in many instances to the
desire for show; the extravagance and
emulating desire to outshine the neigh
bors which is such a prevalent passion
with'our American society. Those peo
ple who actually have the money of
their own with which to astonish their
neighbors, do it so ostentatiously and
treat all lesser attempts with such su
percilious contempt; that many whose
moral and mental caliber are not of the
strongest, are led by their desire not to
be left behind, to do these things, which.
mongn small at nrst, soon grow to the
proportions and assume the shape of gi
gantic frauds. Every man or woman.
upon a little reflection, will tell you
what a poor result dishoneety will
show if calculated even withoat regard
to any moral element at all. Yet in the
unguarded moment: the man. bv some
liitle dishonest act, enables himself to
gratify some small extravagance, and
he is started on a eareer which ends
no one knows where. The father and
husband is in State Prison or an exile
in a foreign land : the mother and wife
in a lunatic asylum, and the children
poor, innocent little creatures! thrown
upon the charity of friends and relatives
and disgraced forever. This picture
is not overdrawn. It has occurred un
der our very eyes within three
months of the present writing. And all
for what? That extravagance and os
tentation could be maintained before
The effect of this will be a demorali
zation of our youth and perhaj)s a great
er epidemic of fraud and embezzlement
at.a future day. The few families who
are immediately affected in pocket and
affections by these acts, are such a small
proportion of the great human society
that they are hardly worth considering
in the whole breadth of the question ; but
the effect of these acts upon the minds
of our youth; who read of them aud be
come familiarized with them by con
stant repetition, can hardly bo calcula
ted in all its vastness. Bight here it
behooves parents and guardians to bestir
themselves to instil into the minds of
those under their care and protection
such firm principles of honesty and in
tegrity that a fall will bo impossible.
Do not teach them that honesty is the
best policy. Never let the words hon
esty and policy be associated together;
but teach them to be honest because ii is
right from motives of principle and
not policy, and they will be rewarded
by an inward satisfaction which surpass
es all ostentatious gratification.
The end of all this crime, fraud, em
beszlement and rascality will be when
men are honest from principle because
it is right and not because it is the best
policy. Wo may argue up from the
"policy" proverb and certainly strike a
weak place sooner or later; but when
line we are hemmed in on both sides by
we start from the "principle" end of the
tho solid rock of right and cannot swerve
either to the one side or the other but
must keep the straight road to the cud
of life's journey.
Useful and Useless Husbands.
The average-husband is conceded by all
intelligent wives to be utterly useless
when at home! He may be acute and
skillful at his business, and he may be
an affectionate husband and father, but
when there is anything to be done" in
the house in the way of reparing furni
ture or improvisingcheap substitutes
for bed-steads, or mop handles, he is of
less valuo than his own little boy," who
often helps his mother. While this is
undoubtedly true ef most men, there is
occasionally found one whose chief de
light consists in continually practicing
as an amateur cabinet-maker, plumber,
or carpenter. He often prowls about
tho house, seeking articles npon which
he can use a little glue or varnish, and
devising plans for filling up the corner
of the dining room with a few triangu
lar shelves, and for putting up a wocd-
eu mantel piece in tne nail bedroom.
The sound of his saw and hammer are
heard often, and he goes to bed at late
hours, with more paint adhering to his
nngers man ms wife regards as strictly
necessary. It is a curious illustration
of the perversity of the female sex that
a husband with this fondness for doing
little useful things is hold among wives
to be even more undesirable than the
kind of husband who is perfectly use
less. He is charged not only with a
fiendish fondness for late hammering,
but is constantly upbraided because he
"makes so many chips." In vain does
he explain that planing a board necess
arily results in chips, and that saw
dust is the inevitable consequence of
using a saw. He is told that he ought
to be ashamed of himself, and that no
decent man would think of making
chips all over the floor. These things,
however, never dishearten a husband of
an active disposition, who cannot possi
bly find any enjoyment in stitingat home
and doing nothing at all; to him the lit
tle domestic jobs are a relaxation, es
pecially when the nature of his daily
routine business is of another kind; and
we earnestly implore wives who happen
to have such husbands to be indulgent
toward them, as they are of really more
value to them and their children than
those who, when at home, do nothing
but fill their rooms with tobacco smoke.
Parrots, it is said, live 200 years. I
Barbers live not so long, but talk more. '
A Change of Fort tut a.
Among the many painful scenes wit
nessed at the .English police courts,
none are more sad than those that take
place on what are called the -'removal
days." In accordance with the provis
ions of the Poor-Law Removal Act,
paupers who have not obtained a "set
tlement" in Liverpool may be removed
by the local authorities acting under
an order of the magistrates to their na
tive place. A batch of paupers who
wished to go back to Ireland were
brought to the police court recently.
They were the ordinary type that make
up the pauper population, but among
them was a person holding a distin
guished name and belonging to a class
who seldom become chargeable to the
parish. The "charge of the Light
Brigade" at Balaclava will ever be re
membered as one of the most daring
deeds told in the history of the British :
army. Prominently associated with
this event is the name of Captain Nolar,
He was the officer who conveyed from
Lord Lucan to Lord Cardigan the order
for the Light Brigade to charge the
Russian position. A brother of this
distinguished officer has Kot into low
water. Once holding rank iu the army,
and being well known in many capitals,
of Europe as a soldier who has seen ser
vice, and as an educated gentleman, this
scion of the house of Nolan became,
through a series of events, so poor that
he required the aid of the Liverpool lo
cal authorities, and had to enter Brown
low Hill workhouse. Among the pau
pers who were before the magistrates.
and who "wished to go back to Ireland
was this Mr. Nolan. The magistrates
signed the "order for removal," proba
bly not knowing that they did so in tbe
case of one who was once regarded as
an "officer and a gentleman," and the
brother of him who was looked npon as
the premier sabreur in tne .nglisb
Russia's Wheat HAVEST.-Among the
latest news items from Europe is a
statement that the wheat harvest has
almost entirely failed in Russia that
is, in the middle and southern states.
But there is an abundant prod act of
wheat in Central Siberia, which is not
the sterile and frozen country that is
A Russian merchant, whose name
(Siberia Koff) indicates the country of
his nativity, taking advantage of the
enormous product and ridiculously low
price of grain in Siberia, has arranged
for the dispatch of a large quantity of
it from the mouth of the Yenesei, in the
northern part of Asiatic Russia, to the
port of London, Siberian corn being
given in exchange for foreign manufac
tures, which are scarce and excessively
dear in that remote part of Russia, the
transmission by sea being comparatively
If it be asked why this Siberian grain
is not sent to the Russians at the seat of
war, who greatly require it, the faet is
that several thousand miles lie between
the Arctic Ocean into which the Yenesei
discharges itself and the ports of the
Black sea. The delay, cost and distance
render such transmission almost im
practicable. Beecheb'b Belief. Last Sanday
Henry Ward Beechcr used the follow
ing language in his sermon: "The doc
trine that God has been for thousand
of years peopling this earth with hu
man beings, during the period of three
fourths of which it was not illuminated
by an altar or church, and in places
where a vast population of these people
are yet without that light, is to trans
form the Almighty into a monster more
hideous than Satan himself. I swear
by all that is sacred that I will never
worship Satan, though he should ap
pear dressed in royal robes and seated
on the throne of Jehovah. Men may
say, 'You will not go to heaven 1 A
heaven presided over by such a demon
as that who has been peopling this world ,
with millions of human beings and then
sweeping them off into hell, not like
dead flies, but without taking the trouble
even to kill them, and gloating and
laughing over their eternal misery, is
not such a heaven as I want to go to.
The doctrine is too horrible. I cannot
believe it and I won't."
State School Statistics. The bien
nial report of the State Snperintendent
of Public Instruction sets forth the facts
that there are 200,067 children in Cali
fornia between the ages of 5 and 17
years; number enrolled in the public
schools, 135,335; daily average attend
ance, 89,538. There are 3,167 teachers,
of whom 1,184 are men and 1,983 wo
men. The average pay of this army-of
preceptors per month is men, $84 93;
women, $68 01. Number of children
in the State attending public schools,
150,344, and 49,935 attend no school.
The total cost of the school system Jn
California the past year (allowing ten
per cent, for the use of $5,933,243 worth
of school property) exclusive of the
cost of text-books, was $3,343,533 82.
The report recommends that text-books
1 furnished pupils free,-and that steps
be taken for the recovery of school lands
It is a puzzle to most people to un
derstand what is meant by the terms
"Right," "Left," "Right Centre" and
"Left Centre," as applied to the group
of members in the Chamber of Deputies
in France. This is the explanation:
The Right of the French Chamber is
composed of Bonapartists, Legitimist
and Orleanists, the first being in the
majority of this side. The Left consists
of Republicans. The Right Centre is
composed of Moderate Monarchists and
the Left Centre of Moderate Republi
cans. That is, the moderate men com
pose the Centre, the right of which are
at heart Monarchists and the left of
which are at heart Republicans.
Two raccad little nrchinn wars ntn1.
inar in the trotter lookinor ai a ladv who
had just fallen down on the pavement. .
"At isn i so mucn inai i like - orange,
observed one of thAm hut what & lrf -
of people vou can brinsr down with the