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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 20, 1918)
? Fair aad colder; r, continued
cold Thursday; moderate north
Easterly- winds. ; . ,
SIXTY-SKVKSTH YEAR NO. 28:1
MALUM, OKKttOX, K!. ESI A V MOUM.VU, FKUKLAltY 2, 1918
PIUCK FIVE UKNTt
Lloyd George Explains Only
Contention at ' Versailles
Was How Central Authori
ty Should Be Constituted
GENERAL PLAN AGREED
WITH NO DISSENSION
America Presents Case With
Irresistible Power and
' Logic, He Adds
LONDON. Feb. 19. The Ameri
can representatives at the Versatile!
" war council declared -"with Irresist
ible power, of logic for ilie plan of
expanding 1 the supreme 'council's
power, Premier I Uoyd George said
today In addressing 3 the house of
commons on the recent Brish army
changes. He said he was anxious to
t retain General Sir William Robert
' son as chief of staff so long as it was
compatible with the policy decided
upon in common with Great Britain's
allies, but that It had ben decided
to set np a central authority to co
ordinate the strategy of the allies.
The general principles laid down at
the recent session 'In Versailles of
the suprfeme war council was agreed
.' to by all. the premier told the house,
f If was also agreed that there should
- be an ii er-allied authority with ex
ecutive powers. The only difference
' which arose was as to Its execution.
The first proposal at Versailles, he
continued; was that the central au
thority should' consist of a council of
chiefs of staffs but this was aban
doned. Inasmuch as It was. regarded
Allies PUn Identical.
Mr. Uoyd George said it was es
. sentlal that decisions should be tak
en instantly at Versailles. Meeting
separately, the delegates of the re-'
spectiTe allies, he explained, consid
ered their own plan, which In eaca
ease was Identical. This plan was
passed without a dissenting rote and
accepted by all the military repre
' tentative!, the premier sad. ;
Mr. Lloyd George said the country
was faeed iwth terrible realities. He
1rsed the house to hare done with
all controversy, adding that the gov
ernment was entitled to Know- to-
(Continued on pare 2)
"'- 'i. ' --V r - ' ' ' ' ' t "'-'.
Jut put In our BARGAIN
... - ,. . . - ,
02.50 per pr.
All ilxej 2 to 8.
Not many pairs of a kind Imt dozens of pair, in tlie ilifferent
lots to select from in both button ami lace patterns. A
great variety of styles in Patent Leather, Vici Kid, and
aunmetal Uppers, some with cloth tops, -others with all
leather tops. Every pair is irreatly reduced to dose out the
line. These shoes were not made for'" special sales" hut
were selected from our regular line of reliable footwar bear
ing the Brown Shoe Company's trademark which has al
ways been a guarantee of quality,
Other Lines of! High Grade
Shoos Reduced to $3.4,.
03.95-and $4.95 .
The sooner yon look them over the better the selection you
will find betaiise they will be closed 011$ quickly at these
genuine bargain prices.
Our store closes at 5:30 every evening except Saturday at
. . 8 O'clock " j
I iHLTTARY CORPS
Authority of Adjutant Gener
I al and Governor's Ap
i proval Given
LTO PARADE IN PORTLAND
Two Trains Already Lined Uji
in SaJera and Other Towns
j - , Responding
Oregon will haver the distinction
of. possessing the only organized au
tomobile corps Jn existence. ' Auth
ority was granted yesterday by the
adjutant general's department for
the organization which has received
the approbation of Governor Withy
combe. The corps will be paraded
before a high official of the United
States 1 war office in Portland on
April . 20.
As there will be a decided element
of sport and patriotism In the ap
plication of the corps, motorists are
hailing with delight the introduc
tion of a military unit whereby they
might still further display their love
of country. All a ear owner has to
do Is to offer-his car any make ,
and : his services when required for
the - conveying of troops rapidly to
any point the military authorities
may desire. Acting Adjutant Gen
eral John M. Williams states that
an organization . would be of the . ut
most value td the state , of Oregon,
owing to Its great strategical ralue.
Speed laws t'hot to Pieces. "
- The ;iview on April 2 0 will be
followed by a "raid by large enerr.y
forces'? somewhere on the Columbia,
which t It: will be .the ; duty of the
corps to repel. As mobility is ti
primary motive of the corps, efforts
are to be made . to -have , the speed
limits shot to the winds duringsuch
times as the corps is "in action'
Similar schemes will be held from
time to time in conjunction with
existing military bodies. -
The - organization will be known
as the State ef Oregon Volunteer
Automobile corps, each member 'of
which will be entitled to carry a spe
clal flag on his car. The corps wltt
consist of four squadrons of four I
trains. Each train will be composed
of twenty-seven ears, or a -total of
435 cars, lifcludlng three-staff cars.
One jnotor truck for the carrying of
supplies in the way of oil, gasoline,
food, etc., will be attached to each
( Continued en page 1)
i- r. ..
j! A V .
'. k ' ,. . . . :
Kaiser Has All at Stake for
Final Blow on West Front ;
Ea$y Advance Through Al
lies Is Expected "
AND GAS PROMISED
Entente Is Prepared to .Force
Beginning of End of '
British Army headquar
ters IN FRANCE, Feb. The
great German offensive on the west
ern front may be expected to. begin
at any moment now ana as far as
the British front Is "concerned the
main thrust will be made on the sec
tor between Arras and St. Quentin.
Tanks and a "new mysterious gas"
wUl be employed by the enemy In the
attempt to break through the allies'
line. Other attacks will be delirered
further south. These facts have be
come known through captured Ger
man prisoners and from information
gleaned In other ways.
The plans of the German higher
command are complete and after
many weeks of intensive training of
assaulting troops, they 'arte ready to
make the supreme and final effort
whVch has been advertised so widely
in the past weeks.
Surprise Attacks Planned.
Field Marshal von Hlndenhnrg and
General von Lndendorff appear to
have realized thai! the old methods
of attack in which a long bombard
ment is employed, are too welL
known to produce the. results desired
Aceoraingly tne German troops xre
being told that surprise attacks, such
as were used in Galicla last summer,
at Riga and again on the Isoazo, are
to be tried against the allies on .the
western 'front, i.r-
-Much stress has been laid on the
fact that tanks and new eas are to
be used, leaving the Infantry mtle
to do but to walk thronigb the gaps
and consolidate the . position? cap
tured. German troops have been
trained to 'make long approach
marches and then, to storm enemv
positions as'ter a short. gas shell bom-
karoment. Those obstacles which
(be German artillery fire has not
cblJterated will be rushed by' the
troops or ignored. ; The German in
fantry will rely on weight of num
bers, masses of machine guns and
mobile batteries to finish the work
begun by the tanks and the gas.
' Hons Kxpect Easy Advance.
.Word has been passed out by the
German high command that few of
the allied troops will survive the ef
fects of the tanks, the gas and the
bombardment and that frerh Ger
man infantry will .overcome speed Hy
any resistance offered In captured
positions. s :
Despite these assurances and the
intensive trsinlng to which they hAve
been put, the German - troops are
frankly skeptical and are undertak
ing their tasH with no enthusiasm.
according ta nrUoners. They feel
they are going to be thrown into bat
tle to be used a cannon fodder, and
do not relish the prospect
It is said General Von Lndendorff
recently addressed a body of infantry
at Iaon and asked 'how many men
were willing, to; fight to a finish
Only five non-commissioned officers
and privates stepped forward. The
cfbers declared their desire for an
early peace by "arrangement." .
. Hutier to Aid In PHve.
German officers on the other hand
appear to have the conviction they
will be able to break through by
means of their "secret attacks."
General Von Hutier, who is reput
ed to have laid 'the plan for the cap
ture of Riga, has gone to the west
ern front to assist in the preparation.
The lessons of the capture of Riga
have been preacbed religiously to the
German troops. It has been pointed
out that there a preliminary bom
bardment of four or five heirs to cut
the - enemy wire and demolish de
fenses was sufficient to give the Ger
mans a firm : footing In the Russian
losltions. The enemy troops have
not been told, however, that the mo
rale of ,the Russians at Riga was
very low and that the Germa n attack
was a complete surprie.
The Germans will find the allied
morale at the highest pitch on the
western front, and tbolr attack will
be far from the surprlssdeired. Th
allies are ready fora big blow and
await with assurance the next move
of the German high command.
The German attack cannot be de
layed much longer. All Information
points ot the fact that both German
civilians and soldiers are keyed up
to such a pitch of nervous expec
tancy that the strain cannot endure
for long They are waiting for the
attack with feverish hope that the
high command can this time make
rood . Its promises. ' The German
troops are expected to fight welL
Ilefflnninjc of Knd In Sight.
The coming battles will perhaps be
(Continued on page 2)
Mayor Gill Is Third on list in
; Primary Election at
HORR IS FIFTH IN RCE
Hanson Several Years Ago
oerved in Legislature ot aj
SEATTLE. Feb. 19 Ole Hanson:
real estate dealer and' James E.
Bradford, attorney, led a field of
seven candidates for two mayoralty
nominations ' in Seattle's municipal
primaries today, and according to
nearly complete returns, will contest!
at the - final election, March 5. for
the pot now-held by Mayor Hiram C.
Complete returns from over half
the precints placed Mayor Gill thlrd
on the list. Early m the evening the
mayor admitted he was jout of the
runing.v Ralph A. Horr, the mayoral
ty candidate who was shot by an un identified
stranger, Horr said he
found hiding in his office last night,
was fifth In the race. v
Completer returns from 165 out of
the 2 7 7, precincts gave Hanson 14.
511; Bradford, 7140; . Gill , 5109;
John F. Murphy, 2460; Horr. 2073:
A. E. Gariffiths. 2072, nd C. J.
- Hanson Was Progressive candidate
for 'the United States senator in
1917. Several years ago' he served
in tne. Washington legislature. Brad
ford was former Seattle corporation
Finnish White Guard
h Cornered in ftorth
PETROGRAD. Snnday. Feb. 10.
The Finnish white guard has been
cornered Jo the north! of the Gulf of
Bothnia, leaving in the hands of the
red guard the towns? of Tavastchita,
ammerfors'and VUppuIa, as well ns
other strategic points. A genecal
engagement is expected on the line
The Viborg'line has fallen Into the
hands of the rd guard. Xar VII
manstrand th white guard has been
defeated and has retreated eastward.
Strike Gathering Turned
? Into Loyalty Meeting
SUPERIOR. Wis., Feb. 19. Eight
hundred delegates from all ship
building unions of Duluth and Su
perior, Including boiler makers, car
penters and machinists, meeting to
night to consider a -strike, turned
the conference' Into a loyalty meet
ing, agreeing to bring to an end alt
petty quarrels and to work in, the
future with the shipping board in
furthering the shipbuilding program.
Taft Warns Jachies
CHICAGO. Feb. 19. William H.
Taft. former president, warned the
Jackie -at the Great Lakes .naval
training station against the machi
nations of "whispering pro-Germani
tfnd pacifists" in an address today.
He declared that Germany-had mur
dered 14.000 men, women and child
ren 200 of them Americans In
ruthless submarine warfare, N
Harvard Wants Baseball
and Track, Competition
' CAMBRIDGE. Mass.. Feb. 19
The Harvard athletic committee to
night announced that it favored a
baseball series and crew and track
(.ompetloitn with Yale and Prince
ton for the coming year. Owing to
the number of baseball games ar
ranged with service teams, the com
mittee said it wewld b unable to
make room for other colleges on the
Cause of Sir Cecil Rice's
Death Raises Question
LONDON, Feb. 19. In the house of
commons today Noel Pemberton
Billing asked whether, in view of the
fact that the late Sir Cecil Spring
Rice, the British ambassador to
Washington, was instrumental in the
Caillaux-Bolo disclosures, an inquest
would be held to determine If his
death was due to any cause other
than that announced.
The speaker replied that Mr. Bill
ing was required to put his question
in writing and that it would be an-
weredn regularorder. j
Ratified by Montana
Helena, Mont. Feb, 19. -Moots na
ratllfed the. federal prohibition
amendment today when the senate
concurred In the Kemmls resolution
from the house.
OF WORDS BY
Governor Declares That in
Present Crisis of War Na
tion Mast Insist on 100 Per
WOULD DEAL HARSHLY
WI1H DISLOYAL ONES
Shipbuilding Must Go On,
. Even If Other Industries
Have to Stop
One hundred' per. cent American
Ism must be required of ' all 'classes
In the present crisis. Governor With
y com be declared yesterday In com
menting on a telegraph communica
tion received irom- William Black
man, director of labor of the Emer
gency Fleet corporation. The gov
ernor asserted further that all plants
manufacturing non-essentials must
give right of way, and shut down If
necessary, in favor of those indus
tries having a direct bearing on th
(war. particularly the shipbuilding
Industry. The governor voiced the
opinion that the winning of the war
depends upon- shipbuilding. ;",
Governor Withycombe , minced no
words in expressing his sentiment on
an unadulterated Americanism.
"Any man who is detected placing
defective steel in shipbuilding ma
terials should be stood up against a
wall and shot,'" said the governor.
"And the same punishment should
be . inflicted on any . pers caught
sending poison candy to soldiers."
Big Tonnage I Needed.
The communication x from , Mr.
lllackman, sent through ' W. P.
Strandborg of Portland, publicity di
rector of the -United States public
service 'reserve,' was sent to every
governor In the United States. It
shows that victory in the war de
pends on successful shipbuilding pro
gram and points to the necessity of
construction tqtaling 9,800,000 tons
this year. ' .The message asserts that
any halting of the shipbuilding in
dustry strikes squarely at the heart
of organized labor itself, and that
for? their own protection, laborers
roust block any attempt to paralyze j
the nation';! business through strikes
The governors to whom the message
Is sent are arked to take every mean.i
to keep the shipbuilding program at
The state of Oregon at present
is' In very good condition In this, re
spect." said the governor' In com
menting upon Mr. Blackman's com
munication. "Just now there Is no
dissatisfaction in the shipyards ot
the state. But if controversy shout 1
arise between the laborers and thlr
employers building must not stop
by any means. To mr mind the out
come of the' sreat world war depends
almost entirely . on the building of
ships. Every other manufacturing
industry not directly connected with
the war should give way to shjp
bnllding. for hat is the, main con
sideration In the war. '
"This is a time above all times
when we should Insist trpon 100 pr
cent AmeHounlsm. , Any man who
Is detected placing defective steel In
shins 'Should V stood np against a
wall and shot. The nation must deal
more sternly with disloyal citizens.
While we boaMt'of democracy, still
there must be a certain amount of
autocracy in time of wsr.
Mut Bury Difference.
"Relative to-the shipbuilding In
dustry, should there be any dissen
sion in the ship yards action must be
taken without a mUintes delar and
the trouble referred to some board
of conciliation or arbitration. I am
In favor of compulsory arbitration.
Labor and capital must bury their
differences now for the salvation of
the country and for the saving of
lives at the front."
! The comnfunldatlon received by
the governor yesterday from Mr.
Black man follows:
"This war can be wonthronrh the
construction this year by the United
ftates and her allies of 9.800,000
tons of shipping. This amount will
not only overcome the submarine
losser bnt will also leave the margin
necessary for the transportation of
1.600,000 American "troops and sup
plies overseas. Partial relief, bnt In
a military sense only, is being obtain
ed through, the limiting of Imports
and the transfer of ship's to army nse
from the less vital Important trades.
Under the. president's order thH
work is being ; rtndertaken by Joint
organization on the part of the ship
ping board and the war trade board.
While raw materials absolutely nec
essary to supply the country's vital
necessities nill of course be permit
ted to enter our ports. It Is now
necessary reluctantly and drastical
ly to curtail the Importation of u?
rlies for the manufacture of non-essentials,
this to enable the shipping
to be nsed ft-r this trade to be re
leased Tor war purposes.
fillip Vnroetion Is Answer.
"In spite of this method for ob
taining partial relief;' the only real
answers to the yroblet is ship con-
(Continued on page 2)
NOW DEPENDS ON
Two Methods of Compensa
tion Are Offered Farmers
! 000 ACRES " REQUIRED
Agreement - Drawn Up and
Placed at Convenient Places
1 for Signatures
Two methods of. compensation are
offered farmers who lurnlsh potatoes
to the startch" factory which the , Pa
cific Potato Starch company of Port
land 'proposes to establish in Salem.
Only culls., wbich are, about one-third
or each farmer s crop, are to be nsea.
For this portion of thecrop the com
pany-guarantees to pay at least 50
cents a hundred, or instead of pay
ing the farmers for delivery at the
factory the company will keep one
third of the finished product and give
the farmer two-thirds.
In th process employed- by I the
company every 100 pounds of Culls
will make twenty, pounds . ot starch
and twenty-five, pounds of stock food
the remainder going , into Eecond
grade starch- ,
(iriffUh Tells Plans.
At a. meeting called at the com
mercial club yesterday by the club
and the Marlon Con nty" Potato Grow
ers association jointly a large num
ber of farmers were in attendance to
listen td proposal for locating a fact
ory tin Salem as put before them by
J. T. Griffith, manager" of the Port
land concern. The factory is assured
If contracts and leases can se signed
up for 1800 ' acres of potatoes.
About 100 acres' were signed for at
the meeting yesterday and places des
ignated where other farmers may
' - Agreement Is Drafted.
To procure the factory-it is made
Incumbent tipon-the farmers to furn
ish one-third of their crop, which
constitutes - the culls.
The following agreement ' was
drawn- up and for the convenience of
farmers wish'.ng to sign it has been
placed In the hands of J.-PJAsqln
wall at Brocks, George Schaap at
Pratum, L. ' J. Cbapin, Man pis bro
thers and the ommerclal club at Sa
lem with whom farmers may sign
at any time soon:
"We, the undersigned potato grow
ers In this locality, agree to plant to
potatoes the number of acres set op
posite bur names, for five years ac
cording to the contract furnished by
the Pacific Potato Starch company,
and 'to deliver at least one-third of
the crop, which constitutes the cuUs,
4 to the factory or warehouse estab
lished at. Salem. ,it is understood
and agreed that this is binding only
tinder the condition that 1000 acres
be subserited and that the starch
factory will be placed at Salem, with
a capacity of two tons per hour in
'; . Mjiy llfndle 1917 Ctall. :
It Is neeesrary that the farmers
sign tho agreement .within the next
two. weeks for tbe reason that the
acreage must all be secured at an
early date If tie factory is to be
established in Sa'em.
' In addition to handling a third or
all future potato crops, the company
and the commercial club will try to
make arrangements whereby the
culls of the 1917 crop many be utiliz
ed by the starch plant.
Senate Consider Stopping
WASHINGTON. Feb. 1 9. Suspen
sion of the .nailing list of the Con
gressional Rcord outside the Dis
trict of CoIumMa because of a short
age In print peper was the subject
of a debate In the sjnate'today, dur
In which the printing o'f ubcIcss doc
uments by various government de
partments was caustically criticised.
Minority Leader Gallinger said h
bad received numerous complaints
from prrsons who had, failed to, re
ceive copies of the Record.
' " I
Austria-Hungary to Make
Peace Deal With Rumania
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 19. Count
Czernin. the Anstro-fliinrarian for
eign mlnUtcr, Is proceeding to Iftj-ma-nfa
at an early date, according to
a Vienna f dispatch. In response to
Rumania's expresed wish to enter
Into preliminary discussions with the
central tpowers regarding the event
ual conclusion of peace.
Representatives of the other pow
ers in the quadruple alliance are al
so going to Rumania.
Mother and Son Killed
When Train Flies Track
LINCOLN, Neb.. Feb 19. Mrs.
Nettle Howe and son, S years old. of
Eustis, Neb., are dead, and eighteen
were Injured when Burlington train
No. 1R1 wnt into a d4Jrh four mild
west of MorefieJd this afternoon, d'le
to spreadlnr. rails. All cars left the
track and the w reek a re ranch t fire
from th stoves used for heating.
Advance of Teutons Brings
Bolsheviki Government to
Agree , to Accept Hard
TeiTns of Hun Peace, Al
though With Protest
HINTS AT RESISTANCE
Russia Says Pact If Forced
Upon It; AH Is Chaos With
Cfvil War. in Progress at
. (By Te Atsoeialed rres$l
' The Rusnian Bolshevik government
has capitulated 'and' announced Its
readiness . althongh protesting ' to
to sign, a peace, com pact under the
hard terms, imposed by Germany.
' Notwithstanding this fact. thejTeu
tonic troops are advancing eastward
into Russia over a front of four
hundred miles, from Riga In the
north, to Lutsk, a scant fifty mlfes
from the East Galician border on
the south. Apparently, thus far the
operation has met with no opposition.
The northern reaches of the DIvIna
liver have been crossed by the enemy..,,
the important railroad town of
Dvinsk, whence roads run northeast
ward to Petrograd and eastward to -Smolensk,
has ' been captured, and
Lutsk, one of the famous fortresses
of tbe Volbynlan triangle. and form
ing the gateway leading eastward,
has been entered without the Rus
sian attempting to stay the foe.
Reita.n' Is Hinted.
The only indication that 'the enemy
will meet with tlnd ranee comes in
an announcement by Ensign Krvler
ko. the Bolsbevil I commander-in-chief.
His order Instructs the Rus
sians when they ereounter German
troops to endeavor to persuade them
to refrain from hostilities. "If the
Germans refuse," he adds, "then you
must offer them every possible rests-
As yet there Is no Indication from
German sources concerning the full
Intentions of the Invaders but it has
been assumed in tbe north tbe cap
ture of tbe provinces of Livonia and
Esthonla Is contemplated and that in
the soqth, fn Little Russia, aid is to
be lent tbe Ukrainians In steming the
tide of tbe Bolsheviki movement
Apparently aU is still chaos in
RusHia, with civil war in pro?res at
various points and the food situation
daily growing worse. So serious has
become the latter factor that Trotzky '
ha been appointed food controller
and given unlimited ' powers. Al
ready he has . ordered tbe arrest of
speculators in foodstuffs.
Ilritili llaids HuccessfuL
In France and Belgium tbe mili
tary leaders, with tblr armies ready,
are expecting tb Germans to launch
their much talk.vl of offensive; but
there still is no outward sign of Its
near approach. Artillery duels and
raiding operations And Intensive aeri
al activity continue to feature the
fighting. Three successful raids
against the Germans have been car
ried out by the British In Flanders
and- near Lens and Arras in Northern
France. In Flanders the raid, which
was carried out routb of the Houth
olst' wood, resulted in the British
penetrating German positions on a
wide front, the in'lictlon of numer
ous casualties and tbe taking of
Sixteen Gertian airplanes were ac
counted for Suaday in aerial fighting
by British army airmen, and in ad
dition German towns and military
po.Mtlon behind tbe battle front were.
heavily bombed, British naval air-'
men also paid visit to tbe German
naval and air bases at Zeebruge,
which were effectively bombed and
drove down three German machines
that attempted to give battle.
The tense political situation in
Great Britain, arising from the
sCcrecy surrounding the recent su
preme war council at Versailles and
the retirement of General Robertson
as chief of the British Imperial staff.
is been brfdged. Premier L'oy d
George announced to the houso of
commons that it bad been decided to -.
set up a central authority to coord
inate the strategy of the allies and
that the plan . submitted by the
Americans "which put the case for
the present proposal" was one of the
ablest documents ever submitted to
a military conference. The plan was
adopted with minor changes.