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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 19, 1918)
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IXTY4yVK.NTH YEAR XQ. L ::::: ' " ' " -W wv-,v , f- -v .: . -, t r... ,-. . :;r;,.,-.. ;f--, L .
- , (. . . - ""-"f.-. - : ' n 1 SALMI, OUECOX TU1MY ilUKXIXG, KKBUCARy 19, 1KI8 . N . .. t riUCK HVE CUVM
4000 Slain and 7000 Wound-s-
ed in Street Fight With Bol
sheviki; Imprisoned Au
. bcritics Are - Released ;
I Armistice Attempt Fails
KRYIENKO IS RAISING j
NEW ARRIY OF 109,000
Detachment of 600 Poles An
ciMlated by Bolsheyiki;
Odessa Is Threatened by
Attack' From Rumanians
PETROGRAD, Saturday, -Feb. 9.
Kiev, one of the principal cities of
the Ukraine. - .was captured by I the
BoI&beTlki Friday after sanguinary
fighting - The casualties are esti-
, mated at 400(H .killed and 7000
-wounded. " V r ,
News " of the captnre of KieT was
contained in an 'official dispatch re-'
- ceived . by Bolsheylkl headquarters.
-The soviet forces nnder Colonel Mnr
'aTleff, who defeated Kerensky at the"
beginning of the latest revolution,
reentered the city, from which the
Ukraine forces had fled, after re-.
leasing the jBolshevtk- anthorities,
whom they had imprisoned. ,
Streets Filled With Dead.
- The correspondents pt the Petro
irrad papers, - describing the sltna-
i tion t-Kier ald it eajr be compared
-only to the havoc, death and des-
. troc4 ion ., wrought by the notorious
Je-wkih pogrom In 105. On Thurs-
. day, when the lighting wes at Us
height, aviators were bombing the
houses Knd there was promiscuous
shooting, from? windows .and roofs.
Killed and wounded filled the street
Mobs of hooligans ran unchecked.
The -city ! dama attempted - to- nego-
tiate am armistice, but failed, f
Colonel Muraviegg has telegraph
ed that he succeeded In hunting the
Bolshevik armies in the Ukraine dis-
v trict with the .autonomous Kharkov.
district -regiment, comb! ning against
General Alexief f. - Constant Tein
foreementa - are- "pouriny southward
to the soviet I forces wh ich ' are - re
Iorted to have defeated the advance
,&uard of Alexleff's troops in a sklr-
nisn. near Voronexh.
The, other Alexief f wing, nndr
j eon is and of (leneral Erdelli, Is re--'nerved
to have' advanced .beyond
iZrertvo after-a skirmish in which
iErdeill was wounded. ,v I ,
Krylcnkn to lULse IMg Army.
' 'Ensign Krylenko. commander-in-.eWef
of the Bolshevik- army. Is eom--ing
4o Petrograd tomorrow to rais?
an' army of 100,000 to proceed
, against General Alexief f and he 1Im-
self plans to take command." ' :T"
At Bobruisk. 85, miles, south of
Minsk, the Polish troops - have de
: feated the Bolshevikl. Other Poles
, are advancing Joward Smolensk.
'Minsk provtnee Is declared to be la
; a irfate of Biege: -r -- . r
.The Rnraaclans now control the
Atkennan district of ncs?arahia and
are in a position to threaten Odessa,
"After the fall of Kiev," says an
official report, "Ukrainian detach-
nentt concealed, themselves la dif
r ferent layts of the town. Two days
I liter fhey sjssembled under Ukrain
. ian officers and Cossacks and opened
"fire In all parts of the town; During
. two day of terror, four undredof
J the Inhabitants' were killed by this
f scnfcless firing i ,
"The massacre reached Its climax
i on February when Ukrainians, na
ffer a Cossarkr general, bombarded
J the working class quarters. The 'en
l ergetlc action of the revolutionary
workmen and soldiers finally crush
fed this rising d drove the reac
1 tlonaries out of tewn."
s After the Bolsheviki raptured
Kiev, one of their artillery division
I with a squad roa ct,avalry attacked
i Ptchorsky monastery, the . last
J stronghold of the rada's force. Te
other buildings were razed and the
rarrison 'surrounded. V,, . ,
f . The remainder of the Ukrainian
f aruy. acr ordiog to 4h!a fiport, was
I taught between two TJolshevilc col
Lutnns, and being without ammuni
tion, rurrendered. t i r
! , " T-gfots Annlhllafewl. . -
f PETROGRAD. Saturday. Feb. 9.
1 Counter-revolutionary polish lesion
' were defeated by the Dolshevikl at
Minsk February 6, the Polish forces
j eeffering heavy casualties.' "accord
: ing to a dispatch to the official news
: bureau, datod at Minsk February 7.
One detachment of 00 Poles was
(Continued on page 2)
RAISE: HOGS IS
PLEA 10 FARMS
Need for Staple War Products
i in 19IS Demands Great
i est of Effort
SPRING WHEAT IS ASKED
Hungry Peoples of Europe' to
Be Fed Whether War
Goes on or Ends
WASHINGTON, Feb. IS. Plant
ing, of an increased acreage to spring
wheat and 'the production of an in
creased supply of other food pro
duct and jof livestock, especially
hog3, is recommended In a supple
mentary food production program" is
sude today by the department of ag
riculture.? It re-emphasizes and am
plifies the program for 'ltl8 issued
by the depattment last August.'
Notwithstanding an Increased pr
duction of staple c-ops In the United
States In 1017, there Is need for more
food the 'statement i says, I "takwig
into 4t df ou t ou. needs, the needs of
the nation? associated with ns in tho
war; and te needs of friendly neu
tral nations, -our best efforts 'will be
required to provide enough food in
1918. Whether the war continues or
not, the demands on this country, -because
of the increasing population
and the'7 needs, of Europe will be
great. n::'-.:- ',
vt Wheat And Hog Demanded- ;
, ?Chief emphasis shduid be given
to the production of the great staple
food prc-ducts, with special stress on
wheat - and hogs, - the leading ' war
foods. It 13 believed that the nec
essary production can be secured
through the use of the best known
farm methods, but it may be neces
sary to a small extent to sacrifice
certain of the less important farm
crops temporarily in the. interests f
others which rank' highest in Im
portance ae food for man. r
iThe depannaent states that It -will
continue to assist farmers in every
feasible way to secure and safeguard
their seed, sup plies and to prevent
losses of food. tuffs from insect pests
and diseases i plants and animals, 1
iMThe acreage . of ; spring r wheat
should be increased, the statement
says, "in order to make .certain that
if e shall have an adequate supply of
wheat for oar own uses and to meet
the needs of the allies. ' . ,
.1 The department -believes that it
will be possible this year to . secure
an acreage in-excess of the record
acreage in 1911 without .upsetting
farm plans. - . - .: . j ...
; "It Is hoped that many farmers
especially hi the northern part, of the
eom - belt, -will 1 find : It ffbssible to
plant five to ten acres ' additional In
wheat. ; r 1 ,; 'i
i To a small extent the acreage in
oats, it. neceseary, could be reduced
in the interest of wheat.
j "It the aereage. of spring wheat
Indicated for come state cannot be
planted, the barley acreage might be
increased., W. -, .; '
' Other recommendations made are:
The number of hogs should be in
creased by at feast 15 per (Sent. Ef
fort should be made- to maintain the
acreage of sugar, cane and,' sugar
beets, and to increase these areas
insofar as these crops are well es
tablished or are necessary to sound
agricultural practices. Productions
of satisfactory substitutes or, sugai
should be .Increased. ; v
j : 3fore Poultry X(ceaiy,
- The supply of Glairy products
should be maJavained. .. "
, Poultry production should be In
creased greatly. especJaliy'ln tacK
yards and on fr run where waste ma
terial is availabre.
j An acreage of wrn approximately
equal to : that or 1317 -aaoma ce
slanted. ,-.-.': ' -.-. .
X sRice. buckwheat -and flaxseed pro
duction should be maintained and, if
powiMe, lncrease. - -i
The production of grain sorghsms
(kafir, mllo. feterita .etcj should he
increased greatly. ' I
I , The . normal acreage ot Irish and
sweat potatoes should be maintain
ed. ' - "
? Wherever feasible the area deiot
ed to bay, forage and sileage crop
should be Increased and" these pro
ducts used to a gresUer extent in
place of grains. , ! ?
! The j number .: of ; beef animals
should be increased In region to
which they are adapted; because of
their heigh food value, and avail
ability for domestic or export trade.
Sor bean and peanots should be in
creased La supplement beans and peas
as human food, as a source of much
needed oil, and as animal feeds, h
j Market gardens near large conruei
Jng centers should .be ncreae In
order to obviate the . necessity of
transporting such products from dis
tant points. . . ;
"' tits Troop Song
! CAMP "MFiAD, Md., Feb. 48. Mrs.
t nb.r wifjk nf the secfe-
fary of war,, stirred the patriotic
fervor of more than 3000 men i
the national arniy at the openlngjor
the IJberty theater -here t anlgnt
when she sans "Uncle Sam," a pat
riotic song. , . 1 '
Employes Back to Work at
Noon Today;-Hutches on's
Relations . with Shipping
. Board to-Be Renewed r
TIE-UPS DISASTROUS J
TO .ORGANIZED LABOR
Success of Munition Produc
tion Rests on Ships, Chief
WSlilNGTIN, Feb. 18. Presi
dent Wilson's intervention has term
inated the eastern shipyard striken.
Reports tonight to the shipping
board from union headquarters in
all districts except the carpenters'.'
said the strikers would be back, at
work by noon tomorrow.
; William r It. Hutcheson, president
of the Brotherhood - of Carpenters
and Joiners,: who was due Ifere to
day,' did not arrive but ish expected'
tomorrow to take up the situation
with government officials. Although
heretofore Hutcheson has declined to
leave to the shipbuilding labor ad
justment board a settlement of the
carpenters' demands, officials believe
that after the president's, message of
last night, he at least will be willing
to renew relations with the board.
Strikes Threaten ; Orjcsni9d Lfebor.
Carpenters" brotherhood, it was
brought out tonight, was made a
party to the creation of the adjust
ment board by the signature of his
vice president, but Hutcheson over
ruled his subordinate's action: This
fact. . acocrding to V. ; Everit Macy.
chairman of the adjustment bbard.
is caueing the present trouble at Se
attle, where carpenters are trying to
enforce a closed shop. All carpenters
In' the western yards agreed to the
Pacific coast wage award. Mr. Macy
said, until they learned recently that
Hutcheson had repudiated it.
William B. Dlackman, director, of
labor for the Emergency Fleet cor
po rati on. Issued a statement tonight,
declaring 'that: shipyard strikes
threatened the life, of organized la-'
bor in that further shortage of ships
will force the closing ef plants pr
ducing war munitions.
f'It!sonrv throueh shipyard la
bor." he said. "that reUef to labor
throughout the ' country , can come.
Therefore, uncalled for strikes not
only threaten the safety- of our
armies In France, but the very heart
of labor itself through: the reduc
tion In' employment which , is faced
by millions of men not- engaged di
rectly In shipyard work.
' "For this reason, a shipyard strike
Is In effect :a lockout, aimed at all
labor In the country and threatens
the very life of organized labor
itself." ; i. ; ?.,? ..-
On the shipyard workers depend
the affility of other . laJor to obtain
steady employment. If a group of
shipyard workers, ties up the ship
yards or fail to give a full day's
work, mot jpnly will the resulting
stoppage of each man's work, throw
them out of employment, but this
stoppage also will affect the employ
ment of the 6.200.000 war workers
as well" as the employment of the
entire IS, 00 0.0 00 workers through
out the country. k .
Jjabor Imulers Have .Agittiiwut.
"Because of , this fact the labor
leaders of t the . courrtry. including
Samuel Gompers. president of the
American Federation of Labor, have
entered 'into an agreement' with the
navy departmt nt, the shipping board
and the Emergency Fleet corporatloa
an arreementii, which has been
kept with scrupulous care by its
signers and enforced by a board, the
very personnel of which Insures
("fairness. ;' . ;
j"f wish, therefore, now that the
president' has taken action In the
carpenters i strike, to point out to
employes and to the members of or
sranlsed labor throughout the counr
try that their own Interests are vit
ally at stake in this shipping mat
ter, and that the'whol force of their
mighty Influence mst Tor their own
protetcion be used to-keep the ship
yards running full time and block
eny atteroot to paralyse the nation's
business through strikes nd trust
the labor adjustment board to deal
fairly rith them. V f 1
Khlp Vint Cnl!eviitIoo.
iTbU war can be won thronsh
contruction this year of S,00.00
tons of shfpplng by the tjjfted States
and the allies. This amount will not
only overcome! the submarine, but
also will leave a mftryin necessarrtn
transport and' care for 1,500,000
American Irbop overseas. ,
"There Is but one thing ahead a
forced slow down In American fac
tories until the ships are built. Net
only are i rwrts and docks now
lammed with supplies for overseas,
lint there are also in Atlantic eoat
termlnsU r.lnne more than 30.000
csrs loaded with supplies, for Europe.
No -greater surplus of supplies can
poiiiMy be permitted 4o rfrsumn
late even thouth the estimated
amount of war supplies needed this
(Continued on pace 2)
Ralph A. Horr at End of Cam
paign Is Wounded by
PATRIOTIC TALK BLAMED
Firing Follows Exclamation,
You Won't Heed Oins
SEATTLE, Feb. 18. Jialph A.
Horr. prominent Red Cross korker
and candidate for ,the mayoralty
nomination at the municipal primar
ies here tompriow. was shot tonight '
by an unknown man, who concealea
himself in Hoor's office. The man
who fired the shot, as well as an
other man who accompanied him es
caped. Horr was able to drag himself tc
his desk telephone and mi ram on the
police. At the city hospital doctor.
said he would live, the bullet having.
punctured the fleshy lower part, of
his left shoulder. ' ..;..
No reason for the shooting could
be .given by Horr. He declares, how
ever, that he has received several
writttn threats ,w.hich were 'to the
effect that If he Ud not cease his
denuncitatlon of anti-patriots he
would be killed. Yesterday, Horr
said, he received l letter a c' vising
him "for the last t.'m" to "cut out
the pink cuff talk. s : . . -
, Horrwho is an attorney, went to
his office late toirfghc after finishing
the closing speech cf .his campaign.
As he snapped on Ihe right, he says,
hev saw two men, one of whom was
armed with a revolver, facing Kim.
"You won't heed our warnings,
eh!" Horr asserts, the man declared,
as he fired point blank. After the
single shot the men fled.
It was twenty minutes before Horr
managed to summon the. police.
'Horr is 35 years old, married and
has resided here twelve years. He
is a graduate of t the i University of
Washington and ?for several years
graduate manager of the studenr
body at the university.
' ' :--: . -. ."?
Batteries Show Remarkable
Activity in Harassing
ROME, , Feb- 18. The Italian
troops ' are showing much activity,
and are .harassing the ,enenur all
along the line. There also basbeen
considerable artillery fighting, ac
cording "to the Tepcrt from general
headquarters today. The statement
says; , , ' ' -
"Between the Posina and Astico
our patrols have displayed remarka
ble activity and our batteries have'
harrassed .hostile movements in the
Lahi basin. c
"Our artillery shelled troops
marchirf? ' alotig .Galmara valley.
There was reciprocal cannonading at
the salient of Monte Solarolo.
"Our patrols carried out effective
harassing actions against advance
posts at Grav di Papadopolo, 'Ji the
middle Piave. , ,
"Along the coastal regions th3
enemy intensified his artillery fire
and pushed various patrols toward
Cortellazzo. , They were driven back,
however, by hand grenade fife."
Repudiation ot Russian
Debt Firmly Protested
PETROGEAD, Friday, Feb. S All
the diplomatic rcptesentatives of the
14 allied countries and six neutraLs
have protested agvlnst'the repudia
tion by the Bolshevik! government of
the national debt and al&o against
the decree . respecting the confiscation-of
property. They have declared
that these edict have no value sc
far as their "nationals are concerned
and they reserve the right to claim
damages. . .
House Passes Billion ' '
; Dollar Deficiency Bill
lyASHINGTON, Feb. lg.-The bil
llon dollar urgent deficiency bill car
rying a haf billion for the, military
establisbmert and large suras for
the navy and other branches of the
kgovcrnment, was passc4 today by the
nouse.- ., - , ; ..
Kuehlmann to Discuss
Ukraine Peace Pact
AMSTERDAM,' Ftb. 1S.-r-Accord-Ing
to the CologneVdlks Zeitung the
Cerroan foreign secretary. Dr. von
Kuehlmann, will address the reich
stag on "Tuesday, when the Xirst read'
inr of tho Zkraine peace treaty will
b-taken up. ' , ,. 1, : i '
BILL S JHIRD
Qiy Council Vttes Reassess
ment of South Twelfth
Street Property Total Is
More Than $25,000
WRANGLE ARISES OVER
Maximum JSpeed Limit Is Cut
from Twenty-five to Twen-
ty Miles an Hoiir )
Aboit 9a per cent of the time at
a four-hovr session of the city coun
cil last night was given over to City
Recorder Race for the reading of j
sundry bills of great length, and if
the recorder hadn't been relieved
now and then by members of the
council he doubtless would have lost
his faculty of speech from working
his vocal chords overtime.
i The South Twelfth street reassea
raent ordinance bill, which was pass
ed, is as long u a gypsy's, wagon
track, and Mr. Race read twice from
beginning to end. At the first read
ing the aldermen- paired off for a
social hour,' City Attorney Macy
.lounged on the mayor's desk and
entertained the executive with stor
ies the stenographer didnt try to
hide the fact, that she was bored.
Chief of Police Foland alone looked
dignified, but that's his business
when attending ' counciJ meetings,
and Mr. Race just read right ahead.
, hTe traf f ice ordinance also pass
ed, is nearly as long as the Twelfth
street ordinarfce. After Mr. Race
had read this one twice It 'was dis
covered that before the final reading,
action in mmittee of the whole
should first have been, taken on the
amendments," so after this require
ment was complied with, the record
er labored through the bill a third
time.-" ' y -
. Sonth High. Hearing Set. -
The South Twelfth street ordi
nance provides for reassessments to
taling' in oxcess of $25,000. On
the South Kigh street difficulty the
committee reported that it had not
been able to arrive at the merits of
the objections and recommended a
final hearing of objections t the
regular meeting of the city council
Monday night, March 1. The report
was adopted and the city ' recorder
was Instructei to notify the property
owners. - ,. . ; ".
Enough cotteation hrose ver cer.
tain parts of thn traffic bill to put
the latter end of the session back
tc a normal temperature, which in
the Sale mctty t-ouacil is pretty high.
Section 19 of the bill was amend-d
to make the maximum speed of Au
tomobiles with the city limits twen
ty miles an hour Instead of twenty
five. -Scarcely any opposition was
made. An attemut was made to elim
inate the requirement that automo
biles come to a full stop before pass
ing standing street cars that are dis
charging passengers and substitute
the requirement that the autos slow
down to four miles an hour, but this
Ward and Wilson Clash. -Aldermen
Ward and aVilson lock
ed horns when the discussion reach
ed Subdivision - A of Section 37.
which, in the original bill provided
that no automobiles should be park
ed on the south side of state street
for a distance of 100 feet from HiSh
'street curb. Ward explained that
the purpose of the prohibition was
to protect persons congregating at
the Oregon Electric depot and moved
that the fixues 10) be changed to
60 so that the prohibition would not
eatend lo adjacent places of busi
ness . ' '
TBut I want to park my car In
front of the Oregon Electric depot,'
. "Well, the Oregon Electric doesn't
want yon-to, neither do the police,"
remonstrated Ward. ;.'s
Wilson contended that the people
who use taxlcabs are. mainly those
who come In on trains and that it
Isn't right to compel them) to Valk
across the street to find cabs.
- "Would it help any to leave it 100
feet?" bantered Ward.
"No," repliid Wilson, "1 want the
whole thing taken ,out."
"The police declare that some
space must be left there, Ward fTs-:
swered. "They sy if something Isa't
done, . somebody will get killed
there." . ;-.
Mayor Keyes Interposed.
"Then there will be abont forty
arrests every day for violation of
the ordinance unless you put np
signs e said. ' ; i ----i
"We will have igns," countered
Ward, "We have arranged for
tbera." ' -
Wilfum Heat Vv. 7
"Alderrmn Ward has this thing
all cut and dried," crief Wilson. "He
says he has the signs all printed."
"1 didn't 5 say that' AVard re
torted Ward. . :i '
"Well, I satd It, snapped Wilson.
"I didn't sy it Ward , road.
(Continued on page 2)
Hostile Aircraft Fails to Pen
etrate Defenses; None
Is Killed -
STAID CITY IS UNMOVED
Dinerf and Crowds in Thea
ters Calm as Gunfire Out
side Is Heard
LONDON, Feb. IS. Hostile - air
planes are attempting a raid against
London again tonight, making the
third raid In as many nights. No
damage or casualties are yet,re
portec. . -
An official statement Issued at
: "HostUe aircraft crossed the cotast
shortly afterS o'clock tonight and
proceeded toward London. None :pf
the raiders penetrated aerenses, and
so far there has been no damage and
no casualties." " -
Cie of the bombs dropped, on
London last night hit a hotel, killing
six or eight persons who were infa
street nearby watching the- progress
of the raid, No one In the hotel re
ceived worse injuries than a, few
scratches.' Three servants, who
went outside a few moments before
were killed, as were persons Stand
ing on he sidewalk, whoVere struck
by the wreckage.
London is growing Indifferent to
air raids. On both Saturday .and
Sunday nights when the bright moon
caused the people of the metropolis
to -believe that beyond perad venture
an aerial attack would be made on
the capital, the people went about
their business and their pleasures
as usual. Nothing out of the ordi
nary happened even when the anti
aircraft guns began barking, the
people remefning In the theaters, al
though -the. gunfire could be plainly
heard. Sunday night the big restau
rants were filled with diners who
calmly 4 finished -their meals and
then, quietly waited for the "all
clear" signal to be given, after which
they returned to their, homes.
Large numbers of persona still
take shelter in the subways and oth
er places which are better able to
resist bombs than their, flimsily built
houses, but in the more substantially
constructed hotels and residences
the people remain indoors, listening
to the gunfire and the bunting cl
bombs. Few bombs dropped in the
citv either Saturday or Sunday night.
Sunday night's raid again proved
how the air defeases of London con
stantly are Improving. The work nl
both the gunners and the airmen
seems . to have been sthe best . yet
thowB.i .i ". ;..J";'.:
One raider coming through Kent
met such a tremendous gunfire that
he abandoned - his attempt to reach
the ' capital. Another' raider was
beaten off by anairman who fought
him a long time, both men firing ma
chine guns desperately until the en
emy was compelled to abandon his
attempt to get to London.-
lt is understood that a large num
ber of British airmen were up both
along the coast and on the. outskirts
of London, As usual there were
narrow escapes from bombs which
burst in the gardens of residences,
the occupants of which received only
scratches from flying debris; or
slight cuts from the glass of broken
windows. ... r; A - .. :
$2.65 Wheat Amendment
'Introduced in Senate
WASHINGTON. Feb. 18. An
amendment. to the food bill to fix
1918 wheat at $2.65 a bushel in
stead of $.2 as now authorized, was
introduced today by Senator Thomp
son and referred to the agriculture
committee- Amendments. fixing the
price at 12.50 were introduced re
cently by. Senator Gore and another,
naming $2.75 was presented by Sen
Bill Would Defer Farm
Laborers Under Draft
. WASHINGTON. Feb. 18. A bill
providing that farm laborers be giv
en deferred draft classification was
introdued In the house today by
Representative Flood, chairman of
the. foreign affairs committee. Those
affected would have to be steadily
employed.-, in farm work two years
before the law became effective.
'! to Require Whole Year
PETROCRAD, Feb. 11. Although
during the last eight months the
Russian soldiera-have been gradually
drifting homeward. Th number re
maining under arms Is variously esti
mated at from S,000.0t to lff,o0
000. Even if carried out In the ut
most order and without Interference
by the central .powers the work of
deto obi! ration and the retrrn of the
men to the towns and Tillages will
require at least a year, according to
statements mad by a -military au
thority to The Associated Tress. -
t a.:, ":: m
t " - - . . .
Hostilities Resumed on Great
. Russian Front at Noon ;
Germans Cross Dvina River
to Carry. Oat Threat; No
Resistance Is Met
TROOPS PUSHED INTO
ESTHONIA AND LIVONIA
War on Bolsheviki to Be Con
ducted hy Kalser'i Trocps
YiTuIe' Austrian Deal Valh
.Border Problems ,
BERLIN, via London, Feb. 1 8.
Operations have been resumed nt thn
hRussian front. The Germans have
crossed the Dvina. This announce
ment was made b general head
quarters, tonight. '
-The text of the Statement reads:
"On the Great Russian front hos
tilities began today at noon with an"
advance on Dvinsk.' The Dvina has
been crossed without fighting.
"Called upon by Ukraine to help
In their heavy struggle against tlie
Great Russia, our-troops have com
menced their advance from the di
rection of Kovel.
"Western theater: - Southeast of
Tahnre (In. the Champagne sector)
local - fighting developed. . .
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 18. An
agreement has been reached between
Germany and Austria-Hungary,
whereby, in the event of mUitary
action beinir necessary, the German
troops will be confined to the fron
tier of Great Russia, and the Aus
trians to Ukraine only. This 'an
nouncement Ij made In a Vienna dis
patch. - r , . . ' . '
k (Br Tk Aociate$ Prw)
With Russia In the grip of inter
necine sttife and her- battle line de
nuded of men as a result of the
peace declaration of the Bolsheviki,
Germany - has begun carrying out
her threat of an' invasion because of
the failure of the Bolsheviki to alsa
a peacse compact.
Germans Press Forward. '
' Reports from Sweden say that the
Germans . have begun pushing for
ward their troops Into Russia's two -remaining
Bltic aprovinces Estho
nia ' and Livonia- the taking of
which completely .isolates Russia
from the shores of , the Baltic and
gives the enemy, in addition to the
port of Riga, the city of RevaL sit
uated on the Gulf of Finland oppo
site Helsingfors. whence they easily
might operate against Petrograd by
-Although Austrl-Uungary ad
shown dissa isf action over the stand
that Germany has taken toward Rus
sia, the dual monarchy evidently has
been placated by a promise of Ger
man military activity will be con
fined to Northern j Russia and Austria-Hungary
left to deal with prob- ,
lems that may arise near her bor
French Captare Prisoners.
In -France and Flanders the opera
tions continue of a minor character,
except for artillery duels on Isolated
sectors and here ad .there raids of
more than th usual violence. The
only' attack of Importance along Vj.
entire front has been in Champagne,
on. the sector where the French, aid
ed by Aberican "gunners, captured
German petition last Tuesday. '
An the American sector, near "r't.
Mibiel the Gernans have lncrca- l
their aerial rsconnaissances anl
bomb-dropping expeditions. The Am
erican aoti-aircnit guns are forcing
the enemy plant to keep at hKU
altitudes. Of-e f them has 'been
driven down danued by an Ameri
The British casualties dnring the
last week .were the lowest in many
months, J043 officers and men hav
ing been killed. The wounded an l
missing totaled 208.
; rkdsbevlkfl.lwa!t Attitiule.
PETROGRAd. Tuesday, Feb. 12.
Nikolai Lertfne, the Bolshevik premi
er, reiondlng today to an Inquiry t
to what would be Ru!a's action,
since the Bolsheviki had deflar;!
that they would not fight any inotv,
eald : - .
"That depends entirely upon Ger
At a meeting of the Petrograd k--vlet
last night. Ensign Krylenko, V
Bolchevik' commander in chlf, was
(Coatlnocd on page i)
. ' K