. WEATHER ? Fair aad colder; r, continued cold Thursday; moderate north Easterly- winds. ; . , daily EDrrion SIXTY-SKVKSTH YEAR NO. 28:1 MALUM, OKKttOX, K!. ESI A V MOUM.VU, FKUKLAltY 2, 1918 PIUCK FIVE UKNTt WAR COUNCIL IS DISCUSSED BY PREMIER Lloyd George Explains Only Contention at ' Versailles Was How Central Authori ty Should Be Constituted GENERAL PLAN AGREED WITH NO DISSENSION America Presents Case With Irresistible Power and ' Logic, He Adds LONDON. Feb. 19. The Ameri can representatives at the Versatile! " war council declared -"with Irresist ible power, of logic for ilie plan of expanding 1 the supreme 'council's power, Premier I Uoyd George said today In addressing 3 the house of commons on the recent Brish army changes. He said he was anxious to t retain General Sir William Robert ' son as chief of staff so long as it was compatible with the policy decided upon in common with Great Britain's allies, but that It had ben decided to set np a central authority to co ordinate the strategy of the allies. The general principles laid down at the recent session 'In Versailles of the suprfeme war council was agreed .' to by all. the premier told the house, f If was also agreed that there should - be an ii er-allied authority with ex ecutive powers. The only difference ' which arose was as to Its execution. The first proposal at Versailles, he continued; was that the central au thority should' consist of a council of chiefs of staffs but this was aban doned. Inasmuch as It was. regarded as unworkable. Allies PUn Identical. Mr. Uoyd George said it was es . sentlal that decisions should be tak en instantly at Versailles. Meeting separately, the delegates of the re-' spectiTe allies, he explained, consid ered their own plan, which In eaca ease was Identical. This plan was passed without a dissenting rote and accepted by all the military repre ' tentative!, the premier sad. ; Mr. Lloyd George said the country was faeed iwth terrible realities. He 1rsed the house to hare done with all controversy, adding that the gov ernment was entitled to Know- to- (Continued on pare 2) LINES of "'- 'i. ' --V r - ' ' ' ' ' t "'-'. Ladies' Shoes Jut put In our BARGAIN BOXES at ... - ,. . . - , 02.50 per pr. All ilxej 2 to 8. Not many pairs of a kind Imt dozens of pair, in tlie ilifferent lots to select from in both button ami lace patterns. A great variety of styles in Patent Leather, Vici Kid, and aunmetal Uppers, some with cloth tops, -others with all leather tops. Every pair is irreatly reduced to dose out the line. These shoes were not made for'" special sales" hut were selected from our regular line of reliable footwar bear ing the Brown Shoe Company's trademark which has al ways been a guarantee of quality, Other Lines of! High Grade Shoos Reduced to $3.4,. 03.95-and $4.95 . The sooner yon look them over the better the selection you will find betaiise they will be closed 011$ quickly at these genuine bargain prices. Our store closes at 5:30 every evening except Saturday at . . 8 O'clock " j KIE1EYER WILL ORGANIZE AUTO I iHLTTARY CORPS Authority of Adjutant Gener I al and Governor's Ap i proval Given LTO PARADE IN PORTLAND Two Trains Already Lined Uji in SaJera and Other Towns j - , Responding Oregon will haver the distinction of. possessing the only organized au tomobile corps Jn existence. ' Auth ority was granted yesterday by the adjutant general's department for the organization which has received the approbation of Governor Withy combe. The corps will be paraded before a high official of the United States 1 war office in Portland on April . 20. As there will be a decided element of sport and patriotism In the ap plication of the corps, motorists are hailing with delight the introduc tion of a military unit whereby they might still further display their love of country. All a ear owner has to do Is to offer-his car any make , and : his services when required for the - conveying of troops rapidly to any point the military authorities may desire. Acting Adjutant Gen eral John M. Williams states that an organization . would be of the . ut most value td the state , of Oregon, owing to Its great strategical ralue. Speed laws t'hot to Pieces. " - The ;iview on April 2 0 will be followed by a "raid by large enerr.y forces'? somewhere on the Columbia, which t It: will be .the ; duty of the corps to repel. As mobility is ti primary motive of the corps, efforts are to be made . to -have , the speed limits shot to the winds duringsuch times as the corps is "in action' Similar schemes will be held from time to time in conjunction with existing military bodies. - The - organization will be known as the State ef Oregon Volunteer Automobile corps, each member 'of which will be entitled to carry a spe clal flag on his car. The corps wltt consist of four squadrons of four I trains. Each train will be composed of twenty-seven ears, or a -total of 435 cars, lifcludlng three-staff cars. One jnotor truck for the carrying of supplies in the way of oil, gasoline, food, etc., will be attached to each ( Continued en page 1) r ! i- r. .. '. j! A V . I ' . 1 GERMANY TO r,ME LAST '. k ' ,. . . . : BIG EFFORT Kaiser Has All at Stake for Final Blow on West Front ; Ea$y Advance Through Al lies Is Expected " SURPRISE ATTACKS AND GAS PROMISED Entente Is Prepared to .Force Beginning of End of ' Militarism British Army headquar ters IN FRANCE, Feb. The great German offensive on the west ern front may be expected to. begin at any moment now ana as far as the British front Is "concerned the main thrust will be made on the sec tor between Arras and St. Quentin. Tanks and a "new mysterious gas" wUl be employed by the enemy In the attempt to break through the allies' line. Other attacks will be delirered further south. These facts have be come known through captured Ger man prisoners and from information gleaned In other ways. The plans of the German higher command are complete and after many weeks of intensive training of assaulting troops, they 'arte ready to make the supreme and final effort whVch has been advertised so widely in the past weeks. Surprise Attacks Planned. Field Marshal von Hlndenhnrg and General von Lndendorff appear to have realized thai! the old methods of attack in which a long bombard ment is employed, are too welL known to produce the. results desired Aceoraingly tne German troops xre being told that surprise attacks, such as were used in Galicla last summer, at Riga and again on the Isoazo, are to be tried against the allies on .the western 'front, i.r- -Much stress has been laid on the fact that tanks and new eas are to be used, leaving the Infantry mtle to do but to walk thronigb the gaps and consolidate the . position? cap tured. German troops have been trained to 'make long approach marches and then, to storm enemv positions as'ter a short. gas shell bom- karoment. Those obstacles which (be German artillery fire has not cblJterated will be rushed by' the troops or ignored. ; The German in fantry will rely on weight of num bers, masses of machine guns and mobile batteries to finish the work begun by the tanks and the gas. ' Hons Kxpect Easy Advance. .Word has been passed out by the German high command that few of the allied troops will survive the ef fects of the tanks, the gas and the bombardment and that frerh Ger man infantry will .overcome speed Hy any resistance offered In captured positions. s : Despite these assurances and the intensive trsinlng to which they hAve been put, the German - troops are frankly skeptical and are undertak ing their tasH with no enthusiasm. according ta nrUoners. They feel they are going to be thrown into bat tle to be used a cannon fodder, and do not relish the prospect It is said General Von Lndendorff recently addressed a body of infantry at Iaon and asked 'how many men were willing, to; fight to a finish Only five non-commissioned officers and privates stepped forward. The cfbers declared their desire for an early peace by "arrangement." . . Hutier to Aid In PHve. German officers on the other hand appear to have the conviction they will be able to break through by means of their "secret attacks." General Von Hutier, who is reput ed to have laid 'the plan for the cap ture of Riga, has gone to the west ern front to assist in the preparation. The lessons of the capture of Riga have been preacbed religiously to the German troops. It has been pointed out that there a preliminary bom bardment of four or five heirs to cut the - enemy wire and demolish de fenses was sufficient to give the Ger mans a firm : footing In the Russian losltions. The enemy troops have not been told, however, that the mo rale of ,the Russians at Riga was very low and that the Germa n attack was a complete surprie. The Germans will find the allied morale at the highest pitch on the western front, and tbolr attack will be far from the surprlssdeired. Th allies are ready fora big blow and await with assurance the next move of the German high command. The German attack cannot be de layed much longer. All Information points ot the fact that both German civilians and soldiers are keyed up to such a pitch of nervous expec tancy that the strain cannot endure for long They are waiting for the attack with feverish hope that the high command can this time make rood . Its promises. ' The German troops are expected to fight welL Ilefflnninjc of Knd In Sight. The coming battles will perhaps be (Continued on page 2) BRADFORD AND HANSON CHOICE FOR MAYORATY Mayor Gill Is Third on list in ; Primary Election at Seattle HORR IS FIFTH IN RCE Hanson Several Years Ago oerved in Legislature ot aj WasLngton - SEATTLE. Feb. 19 Ole Hanson: real estate dealer and' James E. Bradford, attorney, led a field of seven candidates for two mayoralty nominations ' in Seattle's municipal primaries today, and according to nearly complete returns, will contest! at the - final election, March 5. for the pot now-held by Mayor Hiram C. Gill. Complete returns from over half the precints placed Mayor Gill thlrd on the list. Early m the evening the mayor admitted he was jout of the runing.v Ralph A. Horr, the mayoral ty candidate who was shot by an un identified stranger, Horr said he found hiding in his office last night, was fifth In the race. v Completer returns from 165 out of the 2 7 7, precincts gave Hanson 14. 511; Bradford, 7140; . Gill , 5109; John F. Murphy, 2460; Horr. 2073: A. E. Gariffiths. 2072, nd C. J. France, 475. - Hanson Was Progressive candidate for 'the United States senator in 1917. Several years ago' he served in tne. Washington legislature. Brad ford was former Seattle corporation counsel. V Finnish White Guard h Cornered in ftorth PETROGRAD. Snnday. Feb. 10. The Finnish white guard has been cornered Jo the north! of the Gulf of Bothnia, leaving in the hands of the red guard the towns? of Tavastchita, ammerfors'and VUppuIa, as well ns other strategic points. A genecal engagement is expected on the line of Vllppula-Kellomlski. The Viborg'line has fallen Into the hands of the rd guard. Xar VII manstrand th white guard has been defeated and has retreated eastward. Strike Gathering Turned ? Into Loyalty Meeting SUPERIOR. Wis., Feb. 19. Eight hundred delegates from all ship building unions of Duluth and Su perior, Including boiler makers, car penters and machinists, meeting to night to consider a -strike, turned the conference' Into a loyalty meet ing, agreeing to bring to an end alt petty quarrels and to work in, the future with the shipping board in furthering the shipbuilding program. Taft Warns Jachies Against -Pro-Germanism CHICAGO. Feb. 19. William H. Taft. former president, warned the Jackie -at the Great Lakes .naval training station against the machi nations of "whispering pro-Germani tfnd pacifists" in an address today. He declared that Germany-had mur dered 14.000 men, women and child ren 200 of them Americans In ruthless submarine warfare, N Harvard Wants Baseball and Track, Competition ' CAMBRIDGE. Mass.. Feb. 19 The Harvard athletic committee to night announced that it favored a baseball series and crew and track (.ompetloitn with Yale and Prince ton for the coming year. Owing to the number of baseball games ar ranged with service teams, the com mittee said it wewld b unable to make room for other colleges on the schedule. Cause of Sir Cecil Rice's Death Raises Question LONDON, Feb. 19. In the house of commons today Noel Pemberton Billing asked whether, in view of the fact that the late Sir Cecil Spring Rice, the British ambassador to Washington, was instrumental in the Caillaux-Bolo disclosures, an inquest would be held to determine If his death was due to any cause other than that announced. The speaker replied that Mr. Bill ing was required to put his question in writing and that it would be an- weredn regularorder. j Prohibition Amendment, Ratified by Montana Helena, Mont. Feb, 19. -Moots na ratllfed the. federal prohibition amendment today when the senate concurred In the Kemmls resolution from the house. N01IONG '. OF WORDS BY WITHYCOMBE Governor Declares That in Present Crisis of War Na tion Mast Insist on 100 Per Cent Americanism WOULD DEAL HARSHLY WI1H DISLOYAL ONES Shipbuilding Must Go On, . Even If Other Industries Have to Stop One hundred' per. cent American Ism must be required of ' all 'classes In the present crisis. Governor With y com be declared yesterday In com menting on a telegraph communica tion received irom- William Black man, director of labor of the Emer gency Fleet corporation. The gov ernor asserted further that all plants manufacturing non-essentials must give right of way, and shut down If necessary, in favor of those indus tries having a direct bearing on th (war. particularly the shipbuilding Industry. The governor voiced the opinion that the winning of the war depends upon- shipbuilding. ;", Governor Withycombe , minced no words in expressing his sentiment on an unadulterated Americanism. "Any man who is detected placing defective steel in shipbuilding ma terials should be stood up against a wall and shot,'" said the governor. "And the same punishment should be . inflicted on any . pers caught sending poison candy to soldiers." Big Tonnage I Needed. The communication x from , Mr. lllackman, sent through ' W. P. Strandborg of Portland, publicity di rector of the -United States public service 'reserve,' was sent to every governor In the United States. It shows that victory in the war de pends on successful shipbuilding pro gram and points to the necessity of construction tqtaling 9,800,000 tons this year. ' .The message asserts that any halting of the shipbuilding in dustry strikes squarely at the heart of organized labor itself, and that for? their own protection, laborers roust block any attempt to paralyze j the nation';! business through strikes The governors to whom the message Is sent are arked to take every mean.i to keep the shipbuilding program at high speed. The state of Oregon at present is' In very good condition In this, re spect." said the governor' In com menting upon Mr. Blackman's com munication. "Just now there Is no dissatisfaction in the shipyards ot the state. But if controversy shout 1 arise between the laborers and thlr employers building must not stop by any means. To mr mind the out come of the' sreat world war depends almost entirely . on the building of ships. Every other manufacturing industry not directly connected with the war should give way to shjp bnllding. for hat is the, main con sideration In the war. ' "This is a time above all times when we should Insist trpon 100 pr cent AmeHounlsm. , Any man who Is detected placing defective steel In shins 'Should V stood np against a wall and shot. The nation must deal more sternly with disloyal citizens. While we boaMt'of democracy, still there must be a certain amount of autocracy in time of wsr. Mut Bury Difference. "Relative to-the shipbuilding In dustry, should there be any dissen sion in the ship yards action must be taken without a mUintes delar and the trouble referred to some board of conciliation or arbitration. I am In favor of compulsory arbitration. Labor and capital must bury their differences now for the salvation of the country and for the saving of lives at the front." ! The comnfunldatlon received by the governor yesterday from Mr. Black man follows: "This war can be wonthronrh the construction this year by the United ftates and her allies of 9.800,000 tons of shipping. This amount will not only overcome the submarine losser bnt will also leave the margin necessary for the transportation of 1.600,000 American "troops and sup plies overseas. Partial relief, bnt In a military sense only, is being obtain ed through, the limiting of Imports and the transfer of ship's to army nse from the less vital Important trades. Under the. president's order thH work is being ; rtndertaken by Joint organization on the part of the ship ping board and the war trade board. While raw materials absolutely nec essary to supply the country's vital necessities nill of course be permit ted to enter our ports. It Is now necessary reluctantly and drastical ly to curtail the Importation of u? rlies for the manufacture of non-essentials, this to enable the shipping to be nsed ft-r this trade to be re leased Tor war purposes. fillip Vnroetion Is Answer. "In spite of this method for ob taining partial relief;' the only real answers to the yroblet is ship con- (Continued on page 2) STARCH FACTORY NOW DEPENDS ON POTATO GROWERS Two Methods of Compensa tion Are Offered Farmers Furtishing Culls ! 000 ACRES " REQUIRED Agreement - Drawn Up and Placed at Convenient Places 1 for Signatures Two methods of. compensation are offered farmers who lurnlsh potatoes to the startch" factory which the , Pa cific Potato Starch company of Port land 'proposes to establish in Salem. Only culls., wbich are, about one-third or each farmer s crop, are to be nsea. For this portion of thecrop the com pany-guarantees to pay at least 50 cents a hundred, or instead of pay ing the farmers for delivery at the factory the company will keep one third of the finished product and give the farmer two-thirds. In th process employed- by I the company every 100 pounds of Culls will make twenty, pounds . ot starch and twenty-five, pounds of stock food the remainder going , into Eecond grade starch- , (iriffUh Tells Plans. At a. meeting called at the com mercial club yesterday by the club and the Marlon Con nty" Potato Grow ers association jointly a large num ber of farmers were in attendance to listen td proposal for locating a fact ory tin Salem as put before them by J. T. Griffith, manager" of the Port land concern. The factory is assured If contracts and leases can se signed up for 1800 ' acres of potatoes. About 100 acres' were signed for at the meeting yesterday and places des ignated where other farmers may sign. . ' - Agreement Is Drafted. To procure the factory-it is made Incumbent tipon-the farmers to furn ish one-third of their crop, which constitutes - the culls. The following agreement ' was drawn- up and for the convenience of farmers wish'.ng to sign it has been placed In the hands of J.-PJAsqln wall at Brocks, George Schaap at Pratum, L. ' J. Cbapin, Man pis bro thers and the ommerclal club at Sa lem with whom farmers may sign at any time soon: "We, the undersigned potato grow ers In this locality, agree to plant to potatoes the number of acres set op posite bur names, for five years ac cording to the contract furnished by the Pacific Potato Starch company, and 'to deliver at least one-third of the crop, which constitutes the cuUs, 4 to the factory or warehouse estab lished at. Salem. ,it is understood and agreed that this is binding only tinder the condition that 1000 acres be subserited and that the starch factory will be placed at Salem, with a capacity of two tons per hour in raw material., '; . Mjiy llfndle 1917 Ctall. : It Is neeesrary that the farmers sign tho agreement .within the next two. weeks for tbe reason that the acreage must all be secured at an early date If tie factory is to be established in Sa'em. ' In addition to handling a third or all future potato crops, the company and the commercial club will try to make arrangements whereby the culls of the 1917 crop many be utiliz ed by the starch plant. Senate Consider Stopping Congressional Record WASHINGTON. Feb. 1 9. Suspen sion of the .nailing list of the Con gressional Rcord outside the Dis trict of CoIumMa because of a short age In print peper was the subject of a debate In the sjnate'today, dur In which the printing o'f ubcIcss doc uments by various government de partments was caustically criticised. Minority Leader Gallinger said h bad received numerous complaints from prrsons who had, failed to, re ceive copies of the Record. ' " I Austria-Hungary to Make Peace Deal With Rumania AMSTERDAM, Feb. 19. Count Czernin. the Anstro-fliinrarian for eign mlnUtcr, Is proceeding to Iftj-ma-nfa at an early date, according to a Vienna f dispatch. In response to Rumania's expresed wish to enter Into preliminary discussions with the central tpowers regarding the event ual conclusion of peace. Representatives of the other pow ers in the quadruple alliance are al so going to Rumania. Mother and Son Killed When Train Flies Track LINCOLN, Neb.. Feb 19. Mrs. Nettle Howe and son, S years old. of Eustis, Neb., are dead, and eighteen were Injured when Burlington train No. 1R1 wnt into a d4Jrh four mild west of MorefieJd this afternoon, d'le to spreadlnr. rails. All cars left the track and the w reek a re ranch t fire from th stoves used for heating. GERSSIlf Advance of Teutons Brings Bolsheviki Government to Agree , to Accept Hard TeiTns of Hun Peace, Al though With Protest KRYLENKO INSTRUCTION HINTS AT RESISTANCE Russia Says Pact If Forced Upon It; AH Is Chaos With Cfvil War. in Progress at Many Point . (By Te Atsoeialed rres$l ' The Rusnian Bolshevik government has capitulated 'and' announced Its readiness . althongh protesting ' to to sign, a peace, com pact under the hard terms, imposed by Germany. ' Notwithstanding this fact. thejTeu tonic troops are advancing eastward into Russia over a front of four hundred miles, from Riga In the north, to Lutsk, a scant fifty mlfes from the East Galician border on the south. Apparently, thus far the operation has met with no opposition. The northern reaches of the DIvIna liver have been crossed by the enemy..,, the important railroad town of Dvinsk, whence roads run northeast ward to Petrograd and eastward to -Smolensk, has ' been captured, and Lutsk, one of the famous fortresses of tbe Volbynlan triangle. and form ing the gateway leading eastward, has been entered without the Rus sian attempting to stay the foe. Reita.n' Is Hinted. The only indication that 'the enemy will meet with tlnd ranee comes in an announcement by Ensign Krvler ko. the Bolsbevil I commander-in-chief. His order Instructs the Rus sians when they ereounter German troops to endeavor to persuade them to refrain from hostilities. "If the Germans refuse," he adds, "then you must offer them every possible rests- As yet there Is no Indication from German sources concerning the full Intentions of the Invaders but it has been assumed in tbe north tbe cap ture of tbe provinces of Livonia and Esthonla Is contemplated and that in the soqth, fn Little Russia, aid is to be lent tbe Ukrainians In steming the tide of tbe Bolsheviki movement against them. Apparently aU is still chaos in RusHia, with civil war in pro?res at various points and the food situation daily growing worse. So serious has become the latter factor that Trotzky ' ha been appointed food controller and given unlimited ' powers. Al ready he has . ordered tbe arrest of speculators in foodstuffs. Ilritili llaids HuccessfuL In France and Belgium tbe mili tary leaders, with tblr armies ready, are expecting tb Germans to launch their much talk.vl of offensive; but there still is no outward sign of Its near approach. Artillery duels and raiding operations And Intensive aeri al activity continue to feature the fighting. Three successful raids against the Germans have been car ried out by the British In Flanders and- near Lens and Arras in Northern France. In Flanders the raid, which was carried out routb of the Houth olst' wood, resulted in the British penetrating German positions on a wide front, the in'lictlon of numer ous casualties and tbe taking of prisoners. Sixteen Gertian airplanes were ac counted for Suaday in aerial fighting by British army airmen, and in ad dition German towns and military po.Mtlon behind tbe battle front were. heavily bombed, British naval air-' men also paid visit to tbe German naval and air bases at Zeebruge, which were effectively bombed and drove down three German machines that attempted to give battle. The tense political situation in Great Britain, arising from the sCcrecy surrounding the recent su preme war council at Versailles and the retirement of General Robertson as chief of the British Imperial staff. is been brfdged. Premier L'oy d George announced to the houso of commons that it bad been decided to -. set up a central authority to coord inate the strategy of the allies and that the plan . submitted by the Americans "which put the case for the present proposal" was one of the ablest documents ever submitted to a military conference. The plan was adopted with minor changes. . .