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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
EDITOELMa Mi OP TUB JOTJimHALi
' AM 'INDEPENDENT MVWBPAPEE.
e. a. j .
publlibed ry avretag (rxrvpt Baaday) anc
rj acdy BxirntDt, at Tbe Jouraal Butld
. tmt. Flftk u lasitilU etraeta, PwUitt, Or.
ti-ivd at tht soatefffc at Fertlead. Or
tnwalHiM tawusa M auit aa
TtLEl'HOKE MAIN TITS.
1Q eewutaMats teeonea by thla aemkea
tU tha eearato tea daoutaiaot To waaC
rogEIQ.1 ADVISTtBINC) BJCPBHEMTATITE
rlTWl RMtamTn BiMelal AeVertlaiaa' Aaeaey,
. Braaewftk BulMlna. Hi nflk aveoee, Wow
'Vark( Trtbana kulldlog, Chicage. . -
Sabeerlpttaa Terae by atatl to aa
la tbe Uslue Btataa. Canada
Oa rer........6.no one
ta., ......$ JK
On year, ..$ZSO I Ooa nwar.
. DAILY A HO MONDAY.
On year. Of -SO I Oaa swuth I M
Ton can do more filter your
mind Into purity than you can
compress it into calmness
you must keep, it pure If yoa
would hare ; It pure; and
throw no stones into It, It you
would Hare it quiet. Ruskln.
. SOMEBODY BLUNDERED. ' ,
mm HAT there was mismanagement
I or misunderstanding on board
' X : the Columbia or San Pedro.
probably according to all ao
counts the former, seems pretty cer
tain. Just what it was or whose
fault it was Is not yet clear, and
may nerer become clear. The ship
was somehow fatally misguided,
more probably by a wrong execution
-ef an order than by a wrong order.
Captain Doran was on the bridge
from the first,, and ao cool-beaded,
experienced and courageous a master
cannot be supposed, except upon ex
pllclt proof, to hare given a wrong
order. He proved not only bis cour
age and devotion to' duty, but his
heroism by going down with bis ship
rather than seeking safety for him.
self, and it would be -unjust to bis
memory Jto suspect - him of . having
been- careless or confused, except
upon positive proof. More likely the
man at the wheel or the . signal
sounder made the blunder, but tven
this can scarcely be positively as
serted as yet. After the crash had
come, the general testimony Is that
all hands did their duty bravely and
intelligently, but the fatal "mischief
bad been done because "somebody
, blundered.' The very collision itself
involves thla fact.. , ., . ...
REJOICINO AMIDST GRIEF.
. . n. ,. . ... i , . .. , 4 , ;
m rrium 4.
WW I I..!.. .... n..-nl...l... m
oa account of the Columbia
catastrophe, but on the whole the
Instance,' While the loss of life was
heavy and deplorable, an unusual
number,; considering the ' clrcum
stances, were saved. The coming of
th Elder was a godsend that
cheated death- of many lives. The
officers and crews of both the Co
lumbia and San Pedro, ' after the
catastrophe had" happened,' seem to
have done all that men could do to
save the Imperilled people, who In
many cases helped one another. It
la now pretty' well settled that only
1 or-1 i- minutes elapsed from the
time the collision occurred till the
Columbia -disappeared, sot giving
sufficient time to lower all the life
boats and rafts, and a large propor
tion of the people had to take their
chances by jumping. It was a little
after midnight, when most of them
were asleep, lessening their chances
Of escape.-. Under all these clrcum
stances It is remarkable and gratify
ing that so many were saved. 80,
.while there are sorrow and suffering
nnmanyheaftsT6r the lost, with
.which everybody sympathizes, there
Is rejoicing also that so many, Imme
diately face to face with sudden
death, are spared to tell the tale..:
.' 1 a,
TUB New York Tribu ne in a ; re
cent editorial said: "The rail
roads appear to be unable to
handle expeditiously the enor
mous freight . of the country and
everybody Is turning his attention
to natural and to artificial water
ways as a means of relief. . ,
The indications are that the conn
try has developed to a point where
transportation by canals and canal
lied rivers is becoming as necessary
to it as was water transportation be
fore the building of the great rail
roads. Public sentiment regarding
water transportation has undergone
a striking change.1 -,;.
This change in sentiment Is due' in
part te irresistible natural causes
the wondeVful and unprecedented de
velopment of the country's resources,
the increase of products, and the un
exampled activity of alt. industries;
but is also due, secondarily, to the
recently organised and systematic
eampHlfn of commercial and other
organisations and the press fof "im
prove! river and harbors. In this
specially Portland, have had no
small share. ---.r--j - - - - -The
campaign for open or canal
Ised rivers and improved harbors has
aoLfar been successful almost beyond
expectation, but it Is only begun,
and must be kept -up persistently
until every available waterway In
the country can be utilised for the
transportation "of products. For
every million dollars spent on the
Panama canal, or on the army and
navy, the government ought to spend
a million on inland waterways.
PLAITS GREAT SERVICE.
fHB Washington Post says that
Senator Piatt has rendered his
party, If not his country, great
service. If by helping consid
erably to make bis party a partner
and ally and agent of the trusts, the
"interests," the plundering combines
and corporations," Instead Of an Jn
strument for giving . the . people a
good, honest, righteous government
and a square deal, be "great senr-
Ice," then Senator Piatt la entitled
to the post's encomium.' He was a
man of' Influence for many years.
because be stood high with all these
Interests" and was one of their
chief, tools for' robbing the people,
and because he' was unscrupulous,
unprincipled, ', corrupt , and a cor
rupter, and without a spark or atom
of patriotism. - He was less Influen
tial and evil than Quay only because
he was not nearly so able a man
If it be meant that Piatt, con
nection with Quay, rendered the Re
publican party a great service by
forcing the nomination of Roosevelt
for vice-president in 1100. Piatt Ja
entitled to no credit for that, for be
did not foresee or expect Roosevelt's
elevation to the presidency, but only
sought to get him out of New York
politics and shelve him as much as
possible.. And whether the Republi
can party is glad or sorry on account
of the accidental or providential rise
of Roosevelt is a doubtful Question,
one upon which the party -leaders
are divided. . '
MEXICAN RAILWAYS MERGED
HE! Mexican government has for
some time owned a controlling
Interest in its principal rail
roads, but they are soon to be
consolidated Into one great system
under control of the national govern
ment The new company, the Na
tional Railways of Mexico, is to in
clude, with the exception of the Te
bau&tepec National sod . the Vera
Crns eV Paclftc-whicb; arej bowever,
also under government control -all
the railroads in which,, the govern
meht"haa a controlling Interest,
amounting to nearly T.000 miles of
lines. The new company is to be
capitalized at f 230,000,006 of stock
and-a maximum of- $417,00,600 In
bonds, $281,000,000 bearing 4 per
cent and $188,00,000 4 per cent In
terest. The total capitalization is
therefore nearly $1,000 .per mile.
With the exception of the new Te
buantepec Isthmus road, the Mexican
roads run north and south, and the
two principal ones connect the capl-
tal with points in the country.
Up to I? 80 the Mexican govern
ment gave no encouragement to
railroad building; politics was too
uncertain. Diaz first became presl
dent in 1877, and cince then there
has been a stable government and
security for investments. He brought
order out of chaos, and realized the
efficacy of railroads as a potent
means not only of developing the re
son roes of the country, but of help
ing to establish and maintain polltl-
cat-trangnmnyr-ln-lsBO a law was
passed granting ' subsidies to new
railroads, the government to retain
control. In 1903 it was rumored that
the Standard Oil Interests, that al
ready owned a large share tf the
Mexican Central, were about to ac
quire the National and merge the
two. The government tnereupon
bought a controlling interest in tbe
National Itself, and also secured con
trol of the Mexican International and
the Interoceanlc,:, short but Impor
tant roads, . and thus balked the
scheme of the American high flnan
clers, who -no doubt Intended to
water", the roads to the extent of
many millions. But now the gov
ernment will merge its own roads,
not In the interest of high financiers,
bnt of the people, the object being
thus stated by Minister of Finance
Llmatourr . First, to avoid friction
between competing lines; second, to
prevent absorption of the Mexican
Central by one of the great rail
road systems of tha United States,
and, third, because of the prospect
of realizing economies 'through con
solidation. - 1
This operation seems and perhaps
Is. to some extent-what the high
financiers have sought to do in this
country, but the differences that In
Mexico it is done by the government,
wbffh absolutely controls and prac-
jUcaUy 'owgs the railroads though
allowing them to be operated by pri
vate companles-f or the benefit of
the country, whereat here consolida
tions are effected to crush competl
tlon and establish monopolies for
the purpose of making hundreds of
millions of profits out of the people
for the benefit of a few.
EMIGRATION OF SWEDES,
HE KINO of Sweden has some
occasion for worrying about
the emigration of his subjects,
and for inviting them to remain
at borne, and wanderers to return.
In the first five years of this cen
tury, while he excess of births over
deaths in Sweden was 2TT.500, tbe
loss by emigration was 14T.B00, and
these were mostly young men and
women, whom a nation can ill spare.
In 1100 one sixth of all persons born
in Sweden, or both of whose, parents
were . Swedes, were living In the
United States. There ' are more
Swedes in Chicago or Minneapolis
than Jn the majority of Sweden's
larger cities. Complaint is made In
Sweden of lack of laborers and me
chanic, and yet the principal reason
given for emigration la lack of op
portunities at home. The fact is that
thla great country affords more and
better opportunities, and perhaps
Swedish Industries languish because
so many people leave that country.
It Is unlikely that the outflow of
people will be greatly checked. by
anything the government may do, yet
the inquiry as a basis for an attempt
to do this Is commendable, for a
nation's' greatest -wealth - Is 1 In - Its
growing, prosperous and contented
The Incident of Vice-President
Fairbanks' detention at. Gobi and
eating breakfast with a section boss
has glvejn the paragraphers through
out Jhe. country an. opportunity to
display their varied pertnessj The
least humorous of these that we have
observed is the following from the
Louisville Posfi : - "Vice-President
Fairbanks is described by bis press
agents as amusing gang of section
men out in the' west. - Maybe they
are so far from civilization that It is
not hard to make them laugh." Even
a pert paragrapher should have read
and beard enough to know that
Goble, Oregon, is no farther from
civilisation than any village-or sta
tion not very far from Louisville.
There is, in fact, no part of Oregon,
however remote from railroads, that
is half as uncivilized as whole. coun
ties' bt Kentucky. l ,
The total -number of immigrants
landed in this country last year was
,1,285,549, a far larger -number than
bad arrlvedln anypreceding year.
Yet the cry for help of ali kinds, both
male and female, continues una
bated. Nearly all these Immigrants
are industrious people, and must
have filled an enormous Industrial
space, and yet more workers of al
most all kinds are needed. - It would
be a great gain for the country If
more Industrious, well-intentioned
immigrants could be diverted to. the
undeveloped country, and systematic
efforts to do this should be made.
Oregon alone would welcome thou
sands of these forelgneraaa small 1
Perhaps the most thrilling tale of
the wreck is that told by Mrs. East
man, . who with her sister, Miss
Churchley, jumped Into the sea and
were drawn . aboard a life boat,
among many others, only td find
that the boat was fastened by a rope
to the ship; just about to make its
plunge to the depths. It was then
"my kingdom" not for a horse, but
for a kn
e, wnicn ror some awiui
moments, till the very 'last moment
when it would a Vail, was not forth
coming,, but did come Jn a sailor's
hand n the nick of time. Thore was
as dramatically, traglo a situation as
one can well Imagine. t t :,..,
' New York has passed n stringent
campaign expense law,' under which
a candidate for governor must not
spend in his campaign over $8,000,
candidates for" congress $4,000,,for
state senator $2,000, for assembly
man $1,000, and so on. The purpose
of the law Is good, but whether it
will be of material public beiefit re
mains to be seen. Something if pos
sible should be done to counteract
the Influence of money In campaigns
even If used for legitimate purposes,
or to give a 'poor ' man an equal
chance with a rich man for an office.
This Is the most vulnerable feature
of our direct primary law..; .
Might Have Happened Here.
Chairman Knanp of the Interstate
commerce eommlaMon told in New Tork
the other day a French railway story.
"A traffic manager," he aald, ' "came
to tha tirealdont - of the line and ex
.'We are having no and of trouble
with the public, air. about ttvoee old
dark blue -care. Everybody any they
hump so rngntruuy la comparison with
the new light blue ones, which, of
oourae, run very amooth.'
Humpn, earn tna president, "we
must attend to this matter at once.
Have all the old aara sainted Ilnht blua
imrrt"li'J" ....... , ,.
Letters From tlie People
Practical Application of Ills Faith
Portland. July $1. To the Editor of
Tbe Journal wioma mouths ago one of
your corraspopdants, 'V. R., an 4 I
changed notas through your columns In
which tha question of tha Immortality
of the . human personality wae eon-
aldarad, and also the otbtr question aa
to whothar that paraonallty. In Ma of
Ita continued Klatenea. could, from Its
naw home in apace, make Itself known
to tnoae It naa ten oeiuiia.
"J. K." ti a realdent of Sal am and
I never mat him. Evidently, however,
ha wae a gentleman of Intelligence and
candor and fully believed In Immortality
of tha human personality, and that thla
personality, eaparated from the body by
death, could communicate with its
frlenda and, acquaintances pere. j too
the place of the student and simply
made Inquiry. . .
I waa .shocked to learn a few days
alnce that soon after his last not to
The Journal he bad suddenly departed
from this life. In view of this fast, and
naturally, I could not but wonder as to
what his experlene had been la his
new surroundings. I wondered if he
h.H H1 hla earth life conoeDtlons
of tha future and what It Is to be to
the race. 1 nave omy me inaeai re
gard for him and
hope he la evea hap
pier than ha had anticipated
And now. as ha aad i had. dieouaaed
these great questions somewhat and
oome Into friendly relations with re
gard to them. It would be a beautiful
and fitting thing If hSj could in some
way tell me something about his new
made being and what the new horns-Is
like. Me waa a kind-hearted, generous
minded oereon while here, and it would
aeem reasonable to believe that he would
do so If h
I am sure that If.
in hla' sudden departure.
he, len -any
ord unspoken or any act uncompleted
which .word I could speak for him or
h T vnilM-llfimnlftta 1 would H
very glad to carry out hla purpose. Can
he serve me from tee other side as I
would gladly serve him irom mis moer
He ought to be able to do this tf the
views he expressed In The Journal were
correct, and I asaurs him that I .will
be nappy to taaa me nana in any sospe
he may be able to extend it to me -
Root of Proposed Anto Boulevard.
Hemlock, Or.. July $1. To the Editor
of Tbe Journal: , The discussion in the
columns of The Jouraal of a proposal
to build aa automobile boulevard cram
Portland tq some, point on the ocean
beachl -Tlllamook county , la of much
Interest to every ciUaea of tls eovnty.
I believe, hewever, that those promot
ing the laudable enterprise will, upon
mora mature investigation. ' select the
rii 11 ifiiii...l. uvuavm Ik. r. em t
Inexpensive and- suitable. The Ore-
town proposal, as well as me wuson.
will InVolva greal axpense-wrboth requir-
ing the building of long stretehee of
new road through rough and mountain
ous country, . and In. the former the
beach privilege would be altogether te
limited. " . ,
In mv otilnlon tha boulevard project
should. - by all means, .include Tilla
mook city, Between tmenoan ana tni
point there are no serious gradea. With
contributions by ; property owners of
work and money, and financial eld the
county might render, the task might
De maoe mU"n easier jor im runinu
iromotera. ir tne oouinvara is innot-u
n TIllamnnM city, automobiles - would
not be oonHned to one small beach re
sort, but en route, eould take In tbe
aeven-mile beach at Sand lake, the fine
Netart's beach and continue on to Bay
ocean -Park. '
Along wtta tn pleasure or oaining,
sniffing the sea breese. watching the
whales and seallons desportlng them
selves ta the surging waters, Band lake
effers remarkable Inducements In the
way of rah ana game a porta. t reacn
Band lake by way of Hemlock only
about one and one half miles of new
road would have to be construetsd, and
the -additional repairs ' required te - tbe
road from Hemlock would not prove a
heavy burden after the farmers along
the road had rendered tha aid they certainly-
would be inclined teeoBtrlbBtej
Let the boulevard be constructed, but
flrat let lta -course ba carefully and
wisely chosen. , HS. T.
Fair Ground!. July SS. Tq the Edi
tor of The Journal In the Interest of
the people, tbe state fair and especially
the horsemen hare at the fair grounds
I would like to say through your paperj
that an article which appeared In tha
Evening Telegram 4"Cf' ltfc32d. headed
"Salem Sunday Races Have Been Called
OfT," made a mistake in stating that the
horses la training at the Lone Oak track
were to furnish the attraction, whloh
might make It appear that the horse
men here took part in arranging tha
racing program billed for here last Bun
day. No; they did not. It. was ar
ranged by aom men in Balera who are
lntereated In good horses and wanted
some matinee races. They eald they
got a permit from President Downing
to hold the raoee oit Sunday and bill
tne raoee ok Sunday and billed
It, charging IS centa admission.' ."Only
a mistake," which might have' been
another serious matter to come before
the National Trotting association had
the racing program been, carried out.
The horsemen here at the fair grounds
are busy fitting their horses for the
races, working alx days and resting on
the seventh. They all know better than
to race on Sunday here and have of
fered te assist the boys who want to
get up matinee races providing they
nave ft during the week, not on Bun
day. . a . F. WILLIAMS.
This Date In History. , .
11 S Portuguese defeated the Moore
at Ouriqne. .
l?-tt.irne aeteateq ue uaen near
. 4 f a: a nut Via . . M
a 1 isy r v ea.aj! aw bvui isuuoivu
1804 Georges and his fallow con
spirators guillotined at Paris for con
spiracy against Bonaparte.
1814-Amerlcana defeated at Lundy"s
Lane. ... 4
. 18J4 Samuel Taylor Coleridge died. '
lM8-Arthur J. , Balfour, 1 British
1864 Allied French and Bngllah
ftqnadrnn sailed from Honolulu to de
stroy tha B.usslan possessions In Kam
chatka. . ...
I860 JDtichesa of Connaught bom.
1S8 Territory of Wyoming formed
from Dakota. Utah and Idaho.
1S74 Twenty-flye. persona killed by
Cloudburst at luuresa, nevana.
1881 Nathan Clifford ef Maine, pres
ident of the electoral commission - In
1877 died. Born in New Hampahlre,
A limit is. 1808.
187 John Taylor, the successor of
Brigham Young as president of the
Mormon enurcn, niea. sura nngiana
November 1. 1808.
1 84 William E. Mason defeated In
effort to secure nomination aa candi
date for United States senator from
Republican convention of llllnola. .
This Is My nirthdy.H
John Wanamaker. the great Phlladel-
Phln merchant, was born in the Quaker
Ity. July 11, 1888. After a few veara
of country school life he obtained am
nlatmtnl in a hnokatore. where he re
mained until 18SS. when he removed to
Indians, witn bib ratner. tie remainea
In the west but a year, however, re
Inrnlna PhiladelDMa 1a 1887. and
starting a small aewepaper. The paper
gave promise of auc.ceee, nut journallam
waa not the nath that tha young man
had mapped out for himself. . After
working as a clerk for some tlms he
want Into the clothing business on his
own account and soon won for himself
great popularity and financial succees.
Mr. Wanamaker was one of tha first to
eetabllnh what la now oommoniy known
aa a department etore. . Despite his vast
business Interests he hes found time
to oonneot hlmaeir . intimately with
promlnnt movements In the social and
religious worlds.. He has been active
1ko in Rennhllesn politics and from
188S to 19J he aervod aa noatmaater-
4eaerai OJt U touted stalM,
- Plea for an Independent
From an Editorial lb Hearst's Papers."
American business man. workers,
farmers, and cltlaena generally, arev ba
coming leaa and less Independent, part
ly because they have bean showing leas
independence ta their acts a altlaens
and voters. -' '
The powerful men that hate Indepen
dent thought and Independent voting
have always united, worked and fought
together. -J.'.- - "
They have known what they wanted
r-they wanted te cruah, the Independent
cttisen and business man and they
have crushed him.
The great Industrial enterprises - of
the country are moiiopyUae any Indi
vidual starting out In those lines for
himself Independently would be-looked
unon almoat aa a maniac . He would
have ao ohanoe of survival whatever.
The, great necessities la Industry, In
Sll departmenta of human effort, have
een aelxed, cornarad, made the basts
of trust operations. The Independent
J nan has become mora and more feeble,
tie has been more and more realising
that a. elerkahln la about tha beet he
ean hope for in PlaCf of 0I4 time Inde
pendence. ''! 1. '
To oppose the oornoratlons and he
corporal fon-ownad partlea that have uni
ted co exploit ana destroy inaepenaent
men me inaepenaent men must, unite
for their own nrotectlon.
It must be perfectly clear to voters
in thla country that Independenoa of
thouaht. Independence of Intellect re
quire aa Independent party to give them
The Indenendenee leae-ue has been
Started and Is being extended all -over
the United States, la order that men
who think Independently and who want
to vote. Independently, may coma In
contact with ' each other and act to-
The - Kemibliean machine and the
Democratic machine are simply tha paid
and controlled toots of the modern
tempting toads, the great trust.
When the lists of candidates are made
up. Republican aad Iwmocrats, iUdoea
not niaae a Pit or ditxerence to tne
trust whether you make your cross In
tha Democratic circle or In the Republi
can circle on the official ballot, you are
voting for tha trusts anyhow.
-Whether you vote for the Democrat
that t runts picked out or for tha Re
publican that trusts picked out, makea
not the least difference. The Repub
lican trust candidate may be" a little
more-. ahameles g than the Democratic
tru at candidate, or vice yeraa, but both
will obey orders. , only mora or leas
The country has got te have a new
f arty. The Independent anen whe see
he possibilities of Independent auccaaa
becoming dally fewer have got to unite
to assert and vindicate the rights -ef
the individuals that should make up
the national government.
.Does any man who reads this honeat
ly believe thaKhe has anything to say
about the aotual government of this
country, the selection ef .candidates?
Is he not told on a certain date that
he must vote for this democrat or thla
Republican, and doesn't he know that
machine politicians owned by tha trusts
have nominated then both!
All things become rusty and corrupt
with time, and political partlea and ma,
chluea ar not exception to this rule.
The two great political parties of the'
United States have fallen under the
same corrupting influence. The leader
tn either party who prefeases opposi
tion to trust power is looked upon as a
joke, even by the people in his own
An independent party, an independent
political move, to ba made up of busi
ness man, farmers, mechanics and all
that believe tn the right of the Inde
pendent cltlsen to play a part In the
national government, could combine
with their votes to teach Republican and
Democratic mschlne politicians, united
""."E .V trul banner, a lesson of
which they arc badly in need. ;
All Peoples Are Brave,
from tha Philadelphia press.
One" fire-eating " admiral of Japan Is
quoted as saying that half the arewe ef
tha American navy would desert rather
than fight . .
If by. any rewsftta chuwce 4hr hoult
be a war the United States could wish
for no better luck than that the Japan
ese iiset siiouia dc put unaer tne com
mand of an officer holdlna- such views.
One of the surest ways to- get thrashed
"..spSBJJbl paiwcwwn a raise ani
mate ef the eneroy'evtrengtb, and per
Bnt Janan woriM via mw
blunder, no -matter how an ardent ad-
iairi mar-m in aavanea. Men or the
mighty caliber of Togo know that bis
immortal victory at the Sea of Japaa
waa won not because the Jars were an
braver than tha Ruaslans. but because
they possessed more skill and better
ilistorv naa ahown'that when It nma
to fighting ail people arc about equally
courageous. Battle fields all over the
worm nave provea inis to a certainty.
For any one nation to .assume that the
army or the tiavyof another" Is "half
ir eowaraa la to begin with an
that could and in nothing but
.Petering Out. . ' V
From the New York Evening Poet
Our great editorial war with Japan
already shows signs ef flagging. The
truth is that our newspaper gghters
never do settle down to tha long and
stent realities of war. They arc good
only for a "dash nomethlns- hrtlltant
but' brief, and thay know no method of
winning a victory except what Mr.
Dooley called the wan blow." And
reaiiy, tna waya or snowing how that
one blow may be delivered ar
aartly; ltmtted,"On!y a certain number of
maps can oe published giving the dif
ferent route by-which we may "get at"
me enemy ana erusn mm. The same
battleship can be pictured, with effect,
not more than 10 times. So the Jour
nalistic gaudlum eertamtnla la bound to
die out long before hostilities havs actu
ally reached the sanctum. If it were
not so we should see our able editorial
strategiate poring over their geographies
10 una out not tu shortest route to
the firing line, but the speediest and
saf eat one away from It ; - . r
Potty Bad Snakes."
' ' From the Scrap Book,
Snakes arc much maligned oraatures.
although they are, for the most part
of oonalderable value to man aa they
live almost entirely on Insecta and the
small rodents that arc Injurious to
crops. Of all the snakes that Inhabit
North America thare arc really only
four that arc dangerous. These are
the copperhead, the moccasin, the rat
tlesnake and a little snake of southern
Georgia and Florida known as the coral
snake. Of couree there are a number
of different species ef tha rattler (about
thirty)' but they Inhabit different parts
of the country and arc all to be known
from the fact that thy "rattle" whea
approached. All the rest of our snakes
are absolutely harmlesa and their bite
la to be Jess feared than that of a
moaquHo. . .
. - Stock to His Price.
From Paclflo Outlook. '
' One of the real estate dealers of Los
Angeles showed the effects of the dull
season. with its unusually warm
weather last week when a possible pur-
sn.tatr interviewed mm
interviewed him. .
it's the price ef lot ( In your
subdivision on. , prosperity
t" waa the query as tha poaal-
HetsntsT" waa tne ouerr aa the noaa
ble purchaser studied one of the real
estate men's optlmletlo maps.
Tba .price Is 14.000," was the an
swer. - The questioner went en studying tna
map without making any comment
"The price is It.OOO,'' repeated the
real estate man, "but Jnt to be doing
something I'll stll for 100."
And the deal was dalv chronicled tn
the Sunday editions of all tha Loa An
gelas Mwapajierav - -
Henry Watterson in the Louisville
Courier-Journal: From . a Democratic
member of congress." who Is firmly of
the opinion ithat th president "haa all
alung been planning to put the Repub
lican, party In a hole," we use his exact
language, - 'la order te force bis own
nomination," the editor Of the Courier
Journal ; naa , received a letter from
which we make' the following extract:
' "I read your article the ether day de
fending Roosevelt Tou don't know the
man. His game tha last two years has
been to break up both partlea, to organ
ise a Roosevelt following strong enough
to noi4 tne two opposing party I rai
ments, and then to precipitate a crisis
which . will place extraordinary power
In hie handa and enable him to shape
thlnge juet to auit hlmaeir. ? This en
tire Japanese business has been worked
to that end. What he la aftsr la to aet
Japan Into a hostile attitude. ', The
naval demonstration tn - the ' Pa
clflo hea no other object before It If
by hook or crook he can aet auma nre-
tttxt for martial law, you will aoon aee
what ho will do with the recalcitrant
newspapers and buckiug polloltlana.
Mark my words, Teddy means buslneas
and is out neither for Ma amusement.
or hie health."
' Our congressional friend, who let as
say Is not Senator Tillman nor .Champ
Clark, writes, nevertheless, very much
aa tber would write; Gentlemen of this
oast of thought refuse to aee anything
But that which Is alnlater and evil la
the president They read history and
by profound dissimulation of the hlstorlo
hueuanecrs'Of war and statecraft whom
they enoounter they arc warned tc be
ware .of . ambitious men carrying big
sticks. But tbey fall, w think, to mark
the dlatlnotlaa between past tlmea and
these times, other peoples and the
reople of the United Btatea, tha twen.
leth of the centuries and Its dark and
bloody predecessora. '
There la certainly a deal of dtfferen
tlallam abroad In tha land. Men whe
are kech after dollars are not very aen
sltlve of doctrines. There are also
many social and theoretic, sentimental
and humane notions stalking through
the addled brains of the Ignorant and
vlalonaryr- But tha country la not yet
rlne for revolution. It la still far from
rotten. Jefferson never said a wiser
thing than that error ia harmless wban
truth la free to combat It
W live In an age of. publicity. Tim;
and apao have both- been annihilated
by modern Invention,' - News flies from
point to point upon the instant and
whllat It Tt1m.1t tia that this rives some
advantage to the unscrupulous use of
power, this IB not enougn 10 put ino
mssses at long or -serious disadvantage.
The button that la Dresssd at Washing
ton to order the arrest of the conspirator
la California, or tne suspension or ins
nawananar In- South Carolina. Will quick
ly be met by other buttons. Wc have
had three presidents assassinated in a
single generation ror iiuunn
show bf life would a fourth have who
undertook te play DlaaT
Not a bit of it 1 We have not gone a
far as that quite yet either In disregard
of law or in tha adulation of heroes.
Mr, Roosevelt Is not a fool, whilst even
to meditate what our correspondent
indicates would prove him a madman.
Tha'Paetfiq demonstration Is certain
ly Ill-timed. It will prove very costly.
It la of a piece with the braggadocio
sensationalism of the big atlck policy.
It wlU probably be brought te strict
questloa by the next congress. - If it
should result In a war, or the appear
ansa of war,- with Japan. It would prove
an unpopular, not a popular war, and
would hurl prealdent Roosevelt from
hla pedestal. If In total disregard of
constitutional limitations and restraints
ha should attempt to lord it anywhere,
or over anybody, he would be brought
tc a round turn, hurried before a lu
nacy commission, and taken away tc a
sanitarium, whilst the people Would pro
ceed to the nomination and election ef
Let ua not forget that Ood still reigns
and that the government aqd constitu
tion are yet Jo tact . .
' Jte National Hero.
. From- the. Detroit. Free Freeau
O'er the waters cornea a ory, -
Cornea a piercing shout for aid. -"Help
mcl Help! 0me O myl
I am sinking!" calls a maid. v
Cornea a lustier shout , to those
Seated oa the shady plen
"Who will save thla maiden TatTf
' Little dreaming help la near.
Shorewarda runa a lengthy man. : .
Very thin and eperc of framei
"1 will aavc her If I can. ''.
Charlie Fairbanks is my nsiae.
Straight he Plunged into tbe deep,
Heedless of his ault of tweed; . . .
With a true and lusty sweep.
Rwara to her la time 01 neea.
Caught her deftly by tha skirts. - . -
Held her with hla trusty right;
For tha . second time shCd aunk
'Neath the billows, out of sight,
"Who are you?" the people cried.
As from out the deep they came;
Then he icily replied:
:hrlle. Fairbanks Is tny name."
For an hour' er more ha tolled.
Wnrklnv (A rMtUft thl IUld:
Heedless that his ault waa spoiled, ,
st ki. wkttaM w .r. mlalald.
O'er a barrel ahe was roiled, ,
Till sne naq regained r unin.
She was dragged. If truth Is told
mk m. fit, laws Af aaata.
TJien our hero slipped away, '
Caring not ror suaoeu -
All that he was heard to say:
"Charlie Falrbanka la my name." .. .
On the roll of honor place
Our vice-president today r '
In the prealdential race ...
He la entered now to stay.
Let's forget that ever he
Cocktails served to thirsty men; -Blot
It from our memory
Never mention It again.
At him never let us hurl , . .
Burning brands of aoorn or snimr;
Break of one who saved a girl, - f
Charlie Fairbanks la hla name.
' :' : '' In the Suburbs. ,
Ha stood In the middle of tha aide
walk and rudely impeded the commuters
aa they hustled for the morning train.
Ha wore ne hat or shoes He spoke te
ne one, : and, though he was a well
known Sight In tha neighborhood, no
one aver questioned him. about his birth,
parentage, mission or bualneas. No one
Interfered with him. Ha was allowed
te stroll up 'and -down and have pretty
much hla own way. Hometlmes he joined
the little children la thelr play, much
to their disgust '
He waa apparently of good breeding,
and It waa the general Opinion that ha
had come down In the world. He waa
evidently a teetotaler, for he bad nevor
been known to touch intoxicating liquor,
though hla hunger had been tested and
r. renounced prodigious. It wsa common,
y reported that be was devQ(ed tc
literature, for he would absolutely de
vour any paper or magulnc that came
hla way. Theatrical, too, for bill posters
were a delight to him. ,
Ha wae an ebeoluto landmark. De
spite hla age, for he had a grayish
beard, he wsa of a pugnaolous character
and had been engaged In many a fracas,
which, strange to say, the police merely
winked at , . .
He waa everyone's favorite, and yet
Tie waa allowed to fool away his time In
idleness and frivolity. Tou would havs
thought some kind philanthropist would
have taken him inr hand, did you not
recognise in this queer specimen only
a goat! ' 1 . '
1 1 " '.'
' Taffy for Portland. ' t
From the Dayton Optimist
t To Portland, the Rose City, the future
metropolis of ths Paclflo eoast, greet
Ins; . Tour cltlaena are giving liberally
toward the development of the state.
Tour advertising agents are bringing
settlers to Oregon. May you wax fat
and prosper. You daeerve your success
and you are going after It In a mora
frogreaalvc manner than any city on
ha coast Tou deserve the cooperation
of every oenunuaxty aa the state, -
Runyon will also pleed Insanity; he
had dementia appropriating cashiauc.f'
, fcoretary Taft will also eorae a-SchW '
.. "iw, going iq tne I'Ullippinea.
-Tha tobacco truat Is confident that
tbjroveruraent is only having a pipe
" e ' e .': . .
Japan's war paper, the KIchl-NlehL
would better name Itself the Nixie
Nlxle. .;, .
. ,e. a .
The big redwoods region would ne an
appropriate place for Mr, Taft te take
' ' '-. e e V .
' It is more blessed to be eool than to
be beau ..ful. Baltimore Bun. Some are
both. Peekaboo. ,
e e -
' The war-whoopera have snibsided fee
a while, but are no doubt atudylog ua
some ether mischief- .
' : .". y.
An archaeologist has dug up a rag
doll ever 1.000 years old. He poay rua
acresa a Caasar bear yet
" -". e e ; ' '' .'
The blonde la passing," obacrvaa en, '
alleged ethnologist Yea, but ahe often
turns in at the ice cream jplnta,
. . e .e ; ..- ; :
The man who always bums hla elgare
and tobaooo la not much interacted la
the prosecution of the tobacco trust
. e c, . . ...... ;.-.,. ,
The new mayor of Saa Francisoe !
ootn a doctor and a lawyer, But pe may-i-
not be as expenslv aa .the fiddle
mrc page naa riven Byraouae nn
vcrglty $100,000. But won't ChanoelloS
Day .turn up his none at such a trifle!
.- e . e . ' . . '
What a mean place Portland Is. as
eummer climate! It Is ao disagreeable
for one to tear himself away for a aum
V--- V . .. - j -
- The tobaeee tract made a great blun
der. It should have named a few brand e
of choice clgara "Roosevelt" Tortel-
you," ''Bonaparte,' eto.
i -. ' ' " '
Brother Tuft a Is disappointed, but
since there most ba saloons tha city dl
not reiolce at the prospect of losing that
114,000 a year revenue. , -.....
. . . a e ' -
-Colonel Watterson predlots That'Cen",-'
tacky will also enact a prohibition IswJ.:
soon. Then wc may expect him to hie
awajr for Europe for good. . , , .
e1 ' v
A" Syracuse minister!' going to Tdi,
burse free soft cold drinks to his con
gregations during the hot weather, y
which will be easier. If not cheaper, than
putting; more ginger In hla sermons. t
' . -e e . .'
All Falrbanka did "In Uhet waitress .
rescuing Incident waa tc rubberneck at
tha dripping creature when ahe wasn't '
in condition to bq stared at But he
lent to blame for that; ha is only hu
man. '."'' 1 .
; ' a v . .. . . .
People not only are fro sen la the -winter
and scorched In' summer, but the -ether
dsy-a lamlly wsa carried 100 yard -by
a eyelon and thrown against a barb"
wire fence. Nice climate.
Prohibition la Georgia will coat Oovv
Crnor Hoke Smith 180,000 tn deoreaeedi
rent of a hotel ha half owns, which la
enough to tsmpt him tc take a few ex-. "
tra drinks-before the law gee into N
fact;.. . - ..... v
. t Oregon SideKnts ;
. . ,. T
A Gilliam county man can make 109
per cant profit on 14 mule colt a -.
... - e e
A CHlllam county t-ycar-old half a .
weighed-1.110 poaada. , . .
. v e - -' V f
. Twentvsaven " combined harVeatera
have been sold at Condon this summery
The La Grande Meat company sent '
S.000 pounds qf tallowtorjportland
one shipment . ,.' '.- -S ':'
- Ten strawberrlea raised In the foote '
hills of Umatilla county filled an ordin
ary strawberry box. .
A man on tha mountain nearWsstonr
at an outlay of tlf. aold 0400 worth ol
strawborries from twq acres. .
. - ' :. -' c ; . .
' The Stavtoa woolen mill la runnlnf
with 00 hande, and will have twlee thai
many as soon aa th knltUng ma-
ehinery IS Installed, . .. ...
... ; c
At the late term of court 1" Wallowa
county, fines for gambling and gelltngt
liquor amounted to $1,850. Two drug
gists were lined $4le-eah. -
. - e - '.'"-
Ray Olbson and Lulu May White '
were married at the Cove last week, ami ,
a few minutes after tbe ceremony the
groom, a youth under age, disappeared
and hes" not returned, evidently Intend-. -lng
to desert the glrL ....
. e--e - .. " r-
Sherman county farmer may 'eon
elude ta retain Rainmaker HatAeld Per
manently. They will -robably pay hint'
all of the pledged 01. BOO, although, tech
nlcally, he has earned only a small part
of It says the Wasco Newa. f
" i .v v. a c , ,
Nearly" every dairyman In Tlllamoolt
county nave been receiving thla season .
83 to C cents per pound for butter
fat, or from $10 to lit- per cow 'per"
month. A large - number of dairymen.
win maae, on ineir oairy naraa, iron
istr to over 1100 per cow thla year.
e K ,
A Mvrtla creek man naa an CWT cow
and some shoata that give promise of
beenmag famous circus anlmala In the
con raw of time. While as yet they can. .
hotpIay-lasebaTT nor stand on their
heads, they have learned the stunt of
milking an old cow slick and clean.
"Aa Eaat Side Bank for East
Five Years y
fou' may want to buy a noma, ,
pay off a mortgage, buy an auto
mobile or take a trip abroad. -
There ar many ways you. Can
spend or Invest a few hundred or
a thousand dollars IX you had It
Why pot1' aava tha dealred
amount by starting a savlnga
ft. oa a montn, for five years,
deposited in thla bank, will grow
' te im.7J. - .
!x.00 a month te 1510.14. '
10.00 a month to 1563.65. I
10.00 a month to $1.0(1.71.
Wa pay 4 per cent compounded
. semi-annually. v .
Open an account with ua at
This bank will act aa depository
- for special funds, pending perma
nent investment or djahuraeraent
of runds of aetata, fiduciary In
stitution or Individual. , . '
CORRE8PONTT;VrW AND PT1R
SONAL INTERVIEWS INVITED
.. .. VJUB .
Commercial Sayings Ban?
stjroTT ajto wiXLtaics atm.
Ocorg.Wv Bat a....... President
J. S. Blrrel., Caahler
." - . .. ' ,! .